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1.
Rev. esp. cardiol. (Ed. impr.) ; 73(9): 749-757, sept. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-187648

RESUMO

La pandemia producida por la infección del nuevo coronavirus SARS-CoV-2, que da lugar a una enfermedad altamente contagiosa (COVID-19), ha producido un colapso de los sistemas sanitarios de todo el mundo. Se ha descrito que estos pacientes sufren un estado inflamatorio que condiciona un alto riesgo trombótico. Sin embargo, apenas hay información sobre cómo abordar el riesgo trombótico, la coagulopatía y el tratamiento anticoagulante de estos pacientes. Por otra parte, incluso los pacientes no infectados por COVID-19 sufren una tremenda influencia en su abordaje habitual por la situación sanitaria actual. El objetivo del presente documento, elaborado por el Grupo de Trabajo de Trombosis Cardiovascular de la Sociedad Española de Cardiología, es presentar la información disponible y dar unas pautas sencillas de tratamiento con fármacos antitrombóticos


The new coronavirus SARS-CoV-2, which gives rise to the highly contagious COVID-19 disease, has caused a pandemic that is overwhelming health care systems worldwide. Affected patients have been reported to have a heightened inflammatory state that increases their thrombotic risk. However, there is very scarce information on the management of thrombotic risk, coagulation disorders, and anticoagulant therapy. In addition, the situation has also greatly influenced usual care in patients not infected with COVID-19. This article by the Working Group on Cardiovascular Thrombosis of the Spanish Society of Cardiology aims to summarize the available information and to provide a practical approach to the management of antithrombotic therapy


Assuntos
Humanos , Fibrinolíticos/administração & dosagem , Infecções por Coronavirus/tratamento farmacológico , Vírus da SARS/patogenicidade , Trombose/tratamento farmacológico , Síndrome Respiratória Aguda Grave/tratamento farmacológico , Tromboembolia Venosa/tratamento farmacológico , Transtornos da Coagulação Sanguínea/tratamento farmacológico , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/administração & dosagem , Trombose/prevenção & controle , Anticoagulantes/administração & dosagem , Heparina de Baixo Peso Molecular/administração & dosagem , Vitamina K/antagonistas & inibidores , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/tratamento farmacológico , Transtornos da Coagulação Sanguínea/fisiopatologia , Interações Medicamentosas
2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(36): e22054, 2020 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32899067

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Anticoagulant therapy is used for stroke prevention and proved to be effective and safe in the long term. The study aims to analyse the cost-effectiveness relationship of using of direct-acting oral anticoagulants vs vitamin K antagonists to prevent ischaemic stroke in patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation, including all the active ingredients marketed in Spain, prescribed for 2 years in the Primary Care service of the Institut Català de la Salut. METHODS: Population-based cohort study, in which the cost of the 2 treatment groups will be evaluated. Direct costs (pharmacy, primary care, emergency and hospitalization) and indirect costs (lost productivity) will be included from a social perspective. Effectiveness (assessed as the occurrence of a health event, the 1 of primary interest being stroke) will be determined, with a 2-year time horizon and a 3% discount rate. The average cost of the 2 groups of drugs will be compared using a regression model to determine the factors with the greatest influence on determining costs. We will carry out a univariate ('one-way') deterministic sensitivity analysis. DISCUSSION: We hope to provide relevant information about direct and indirect costs of oral anticoagulants, which, together with aspects of effectiveness and safety, could help shape the consensual decision-making of evaluating bodies.


Assuntos
Acenocumarol/economia , Anticoagulantes/economia , Fibrilação Atrial/tratamento farmacológico , Isquemia Encefálica/patologia , Ensaios Clínicos Pragmáticos como Assunto/métodos , Varfarina/economia , Acenocumarol/administração & dosagem , Acenocumarol/uso terapêutico , Administração Oral , Anticoagulantes/administração & dosagem , Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico , Fibrilação Atrial/complicações , Fibrilação Atrial/epidemiologia , Isquemia Encefálica/prevenção & controle , Análise Custo-Benefício , Inibidores do Fator Xa , Humanos , Atenção Primária à Saúde/organização & administração , Segurança , Espanha/epidemiologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/prevenção & controle , Resultado do Tratamento , Vitamina K/antagonistas & inibidores , Varfarina/administração & dosagem , Varfarina/uso terapêutico
3.
Medicina (B Aires) ; 80 Suppl 4: 1-26, 2020.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32897867

RESUMO

Treating an anticoagulated patient with vitamin K antagonists (VKA) remains a challenge, especially in areas where dicoumarins are still the first drug of choice due to the cost of other oral anticoagulants. Anticoagulation clinics have proven to be the most efficient and safe way to avoid thrombotic and hemorrhagic complications and to keep patients in optimal treatment range. However, they require adequate infrastructure and trained personnel to work properly. In this Argentine consensus we propose a series of guidelines for the effective management of the anticoagulation clinics. The goal is to achieve the excellence in both the clinical healthcare and the hemostasis laboratory for the anticoagulated patient. The criteria developed in the document were agreed upon by a large group of expert specialists in hematology and biochemistry from all over the country. The criteria presented here must always be considered when indicating VKA although they had to be adapted to the unequal reality of each center. Taking these premises into consideration will allow us to optimize the management of the anticoagulated patient with VKA and thus minimize thrombotic and hemorrhagic intercurrences, in order to honor our promise not to harm the patient.


Assuntos
Instituições de Assistência Ambulatorial/organização & administração , Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico , Fibrinolíticos/uso terapêutico , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Vitamina K/antagonistas & inibidores , Administração Oral , Instituições de Assistência Ambulatorial/normas , Consenso , Humanos , Coeficiente Internacional Normatizado
4.
Rev Med Suisse ; 16(706): 1718-1720, 2020 Sep 16.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32936558

RESUMO

Atrial fibrillation is a common cardiac disease of aging. The risk of stroke and bad prognosis increase with age and atrial fibrillation. Compared with younger people, elderly people have higher risks for both thrombosis and bleeding. Stroke prevention with oral anticoagulants is the cornerstone of the management of atrial fibrillation but is often questioned because of the risk of bleeding, furthermore comorbidities, comedications, fall risks, poor compliance. These factors frequently found in frail elderly patients complicate the management of antithrombotic therapy. This article reviews the evidence for the risks and benefits of anticoagulation in the elderly with atrial fibrillation, by comparing the new oral anticoagulants to vitamin K antagonists.


Assuntos
Anticoagulantes/efeitos adversos , Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico , Fibrilação Atrial , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/prevenção & controle , Administração Oral , Idoso , Fibrinolíticos , Humanos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Vitamina K/antagonistas & inibidores
6.
Am J Emerg Med ; 38(9): 1890-1903, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32750627

RESUMO

Anticoagulation is key to the treatment/prevention of thromboembolic events. The primary complication of anticoagulation is serious or life-threatening hemorrhage, which may necessitate prompt anticoagulation reversal; this could also be required for nonbleeding patients requiring urgent/emergent invasive procedures. The decision to reverse anticoagulation should weigh the benefit-risk ratio of supporting hemostasis versus post-reversal thrombosis. We appraise the available guidelines/recommendations for vitamin K antagonist (VKA) and direct oral anticoagulant (DOAC) reversal in the management of major bleeding, and also assess recent clinical data that may not yet be reflected in official guidance. In general, available guidelines are consistent in their recommendations, advocating administration of vitamin K and 4-factor prothrombin complex concentrates (4F-PCCs) rather than fresh frozen plasma to patients with VKA-associated intracranial hemorrhage and life-threatening bleeding, and specific reversal agents as essential therapy for DOAC reversal in those same severe conditions. However, guidelines also recommend off-label use of PCCs for DOAC reversal when specific reversal agents are unavailable. Limited recent evidence generally support the latter recommendation, but guidelines are likely to evolve as more data become available.


Assuntos
Anticoagulantes , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Vitamina K/antagonistas & inibidores , Anticoagulantes/efeitos adversos , Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico , Consenso , Hemorragia/induzido quimicamente , Hemorragia/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos
7.
Toxicol Lett ; 333: 71-79, 2020 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32768651

RESUMO

All vitamin K antagonist active substances used as rodenticides were reclassified in 2016 by the European authorities as active substances "toxic for reproduction", using a "read-across" alternative method based on warfarin, a human vitamin K antagonist drug. Recent study suggested that all vitamin K antagonist active substances are not all teratogenic. Using a neonatal exposure protocol, warfarin evokes skeletal deformities in rats, while bromadiolone, a widely used second-generation anticoagulant rodenticide, failed to cause such effects. Herein, using a rat model we investigated the mechanisms that may explain teratogenicity differences between warfarin and bromadiolone, despite their similar vitamin K antagonist mechanism of action. This study also included coumatetralyl, a first-generation active substance rodenticide. Pharmacokinetic studies were conducted in rats to evaluate a potential difference in the transfer of vitamin K antagonists from mother to fetus. The data clearly demonstrate that warfarin is highly transferred from the mother to the fetus during gestation or lactation. In contrast, bromadiolone transfer from dam to the fetus is modest (5% compared to warfarin). This difference appears to be associated to almost complete uptake of bromadiolone by mother's liver, resulting in very low exposure in plasma and eventually in other peripheric tissues. This study suggests that the pharmacokinetic properties of vitamin K antagonists are not identical and could challenge the classification of such active substances as "toxic for reproduction".


Assuntos
4-Hidroxicumarinas/toxicidade , Efeitos Tardios da Exposição Pré-Natal/sangue , Rodenticidas/toxicidade , Teratogênese/efeitos dos fármacos , Teratogênios/toxicidade , Vitamina K/antagonistas & inibidores , Varfarina/toxicidade , 4-Hidroxicumarinas/farmacocinética , Administração Oral , Animais , Animais Recém-Nascidos , Animais Lactentes , Feminino , Desenvolvimento Fetal/efeitos dos fármacos , Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos , Fígado/embriologia , Fígado/metabolismo , Masculino , Exposição Materna , Gravidez , Efeitos Tardios da Exposição Pré-Natal/induzido quimicamente , Ratos , Rodenticidas/farmacocinética , Teratogênios/farmacocinética , Varfarina/farmacocinética
8.
Dtsch Arztebl Int ; 117(18): 312-319, 2020 05 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32605708

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Few data have been published to date on outcomes after the common clinical experience of severe hemorrhage in orally anticoagulated patients. METHODS: A prospective, multicenter observational study was carried out to investigate outcomes and management in a series of consecutive patients who sustained a severe hemorrhage under treatment with vitamin K antagonists (VKA) or direct oral anticoagulant drugs (DOAC). The primary endpoint was in-hospital death up to and including day 30 after hospital admission. The secondary endpoints were the duration of bleeding, in-hospital death due to hemorrhage (as defined by the study physician examining the patient's records), the use of antagonists, the extent of supportive measures used to stop the hemorrhage, and an assessment of causality. Consecutive patients were recruited until a predefined number of patients was reached in both groups. RESULTS: Among 193 patients with severe hemorrhage, 97 had been taking a VKA, and 96 had been taking a DOAC. 13.0 % (95% confidence interval [8.6; 18.5]; 25/193) of the overall group patients died in the first 30 days after hospital admission, including 17.5% ([10.6; 26.6]; 17/97) in the VKA group and 8.3% ([3.7; 15.8]; 8/96) in the DOAC group (p = 0.085). The median duration of bleeding was 19.8 hours in the VKA group and 27.8 hours in the DOAC group (p = 0.632). The in-hospital mortality due to hemorrhage was higher in the VKA group than in the DOAC group (15.5% [15/97] versus 4.2% [4/97]; p = 0.014). Only the use of prothrombin complex concentrates (PCCs) lowered the median duration of hemorrhage in the two patient groups. In 35% (68/193) of the patients, the hemorrhage was caused by an external influence, most commonly a fall. CONCLUSION: The in-hospital mortality was higher among patients treated with VKA than among patients treated with DOAC, although the difference failed to reach statistical significance.


Assuntos
Anticoagulantes/efeitos adversos , Hemorragia/induzido quimicamente , Vitamina K/antagonistas & inibidores , Administração Oral , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anticoagulantes/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
9.
PLoS One ; 15(7): e0235639, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32649714

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Treatment with vitamin K antagonists (VKA) requires a high proportion of time in the therapeutic range (TTR) and a low international normalised ratio (INR) variability to be maximally safe and effective. Switching from short-acting acenocoumarol to long-acting phenprocoumon could improve VKA control. AIMS: We assessed whether switching from acenocoumarol to phenprocoumon improves the time in the therapeutic range (TTR) and INR variability. METHODS AND RESULTS: In a retrospective cohort with data on 236,957 patients-years of VKA management from two first-line anticoagulation clinics in the Netherlands, we identified 124 patients in target range 2-3, 269 patients in target range 2-3.5 and 98 patients in target range 2.5-3.5 who switched from acenocoumarol to phenprocoumon. They were matched in a 1:2 ratio to non-switching controls using propensity score matching. Over the first 180 days after a switch, switchers' TTR declined 5 (95% CI 1 to 10), 10 (95% CI 7 to 13) and 5 (95% CI 0 to 11) percentage points relative to non-switchers, in target ranges 2-3, 2-3.5 and 2.5-3.5. Anticoagulation was more often supra-therapeutic in switchers, and switchers had a higher INR variability. In the following 180 days, TTR in switchers became 1 (95% CI -4 to 6), 4 (95% CI 0 to 7) and 6 (95% CI 1 to 12) percentage points better than in non-switchers. Switchers' INRs were much more stable than non-switchers'. CONCLUSION: Eventually, a switch from acenocoumarol to phenprocoumon leads to a higher TTR and a lower INR variability. However, this is preceded by a transition period with opposite effects. An improved conversion algorithm could possibly shorten the transition period. Until then, physicians and patients should decide whether switching is worth the increased risk during the transition phase.


Assuntos
Acenocumarol/uso terapêutico , Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico , Coeficiente Internacional Normatizado/métodos , Femprocumona/uso terapêutico , Tromboembolia Venosa/tratamento farmacológico , Administração Oral , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Risco , Resultado do Tratamento , Tromboembolia Venosa/patologia , Vitamina K/antagonistas & inibidores
11.
Cardiovasc Ther ; 2020: 1743927, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32684980

RESUMO

Sex-specific differences have been definitively demonstrated in cardiovascular (CV) diseases. These differences can also impact on the effects of CV therapies. Female sex is recognized as an independent predictor of thromboembolic risk, particularly in older patients. Most of strokes are due to atrial fibrillation (AF). Women affected by AF have higher stroke risk compared to men. The introduction of novel oral anticoagulants (NOACs) for long-term anticoagulation completely changed the anticoagulant therapeutic approach and follow-up of patients affected by nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF). CHA2DS2-VASc stroke risk scoring in use in the current international guidelines attributes 1 point to "female sex". Besides, no anticoagulation is indicated for AF female patients without other risk factors. Interestingly, NOACs seem to normalize the differences between males and females both in terms of safety and efficacy, whereas residual higher stroke risk and systemic embolism persist in AF women treated with vitamin K antagonist anticoagulants VKA with optimal time in therapeutic range. Based on the CHA2DS2-VASc score, NOACs represent the preferred choice in NVAF patients. Moreover, complete evaluation of apparently lower risk factor along with concomitant clinical conditions in AF patients appears mandatory, particularly for female patients, in order to achieve the most appropriate anticoagulant treatment, either in male or in female patients. The present review was performed to review sex differences in AF-related thromboembolic risk reported in the literature and possibly highlight current knowledge gaps in prevention and management that need further research.


Assuntos
Anticoagulantes/administração & dosagem , Fibrilação Atrial/tratamento farmacológico , Coagulação Sanguínea/efeitos dos fármacos , Inibidores do Fator Xa/administração & dosagem , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/prevenção & controle , Tromboembolia/prevenção & controle , Administração Oral , Anticoagulantes/efeitos adversos , Fibrilação Atrial/sangue , Fibrilação Atrial/epidemiologia , Tomada de Decisão Clínica , Inibidores do Fator Xa/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Seleção de Pacientes , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Sexuais , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/sangue , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/epidemiologia , Tromboembolia/sangue , Tromboembolia/epidemiologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Vitamina K/antagonistas & inibidores
12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32664502

RESUMO

Venous thromboembolism (VTE) in children is a rare occurrence, although in recent decades we have seen an increase due to several factors, such as the rise in survival of subjects with chronic conditions, the use of catheters, and the increased sensitivity of diagnostic tools. Besides inherited thrombophilia, acquired conditions such as cardiovascular diseases, infections, chronic disorders, obesity and malignancy are also common risk factors for paediatric VTE. The treatment of paediatric VTE consists of the use of heparins and/or vitamin K antagonists to prevent dissemination, embolization, and secondary VTE. Randomized clinical trials of direct oral anticoagulants in paediatric VTE are ongoing, with the aim to improve the compliance and the care of patients. We reviewed the physiological and pathological mechanisms underlying paediatric thrombosis and updated the current diagnosis and treatment options.


Assuntos
Anticoagulantes/administração & dosagem , Heparina/administração & dosagem , Tromboembolia Venosa/diagnóstico , Tromboembolia Venosa/tratamento farmacológico , Vitamina K/antagonistas & inibidores , Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico , Criança , Humanos , Neoplasias , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Fatores de Risco , Trombofilia , Tromboembolia Venosa/epidemiologia
13.
Med Clin North Am ; 104(4): 631-646, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32505257

RESUMO

"Acute venous thromboembolism is a common disease seen by nearly all hospitalists. The advent of low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) several decades ago ushered in the era of early hospital discharge and home treatment. More recently, the direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) have further simplified outpatient treatment and some offer treatment without parenteral therapy. Use of DOACs for cancer-associated venous thromboembolism is emerging and is a welcome evolution of care to spare oncologic patients the burden of daily LMWH injections."


Assuntos
Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico , Tromboembolia Venosa/terapia , Trombose Venosa/terapia , Administração Oral , Anticoagulantes/efeitos adversos , Hemorragia/induzido quimicamente , Heparina de Baixo Peso Molecular/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Neoplasias/complicações , Embolia Pulmonar/terapia , Medição de Risco , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Operatórios , Tromboembolia Venosa/etiologia , Trombose Venosa/etiologia , Vitamina K/antagonistas & inibidores
14.
Am Heart J ; 225: 69-77, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32474206

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Rheumatic heart disease (RHD) is a neglected disease affecting 33 million people, mainly in low and middle income countries. Yet very few large trials or registries have been conducted in this population. The INVICTUS program of research in RHD consists of a randomized-controlled trial (RCT) of 4500 patients comparing rivaroxaban with vitamin K antagonists (VKA) in patients with RHD and atrial fibrillation (AF), a registry of 17,000 patients to document the contemporary clinical course of patients with RHD, including a focused sub-study on pregnant women with RHD within the registry. This paper describes the rationale, design, organization and baseline characteristics of the RCT and a summary of the design of the registry and its sub-study. Patients with RHD and AF are considered to be at high risk of embolic strokes, and oral anticoagulation with VKAs is recommended for stroke prevention. But the quality of anticoagulation with VKA is poor in developing countries. A drug which does not require monitoring, and which is safe and effective for preventing stroke in patients with valvular AF, would fulfill a major unmet need. METHODS: The INVestIgation of rheumatiC AF Treatment Using VKAs, rivaroxaban or aspirin Studies (INVICTUS-VKA) trial is an international, multicentre, randomized, open-label, parallel group trial, testing whether rivaroxaban 20 mg given once daily is non-inferior (or superior) to VKA in patients with RHD, AF, and an elevated risk of stroke (mitral stenosis with valve area ≤2 cm2, left atrial spontaneous echo-contrast or thrombus, or a CHA2DS2VASc score ≥2). The primary efficacy outcome is a composite of stroke or systemic embolism and the primary safety outcome is the occurrence of major bleeding. The trial has enrolled 4565 patients from 138 sites in 23 countries from Africa, Asia and South America. The Registry plans to enroll an additional 17,000 patients with RHD and document their treatments, and their clinical course for at least 2 years. The pregnancy sub-study will document the clinical course of pregnant women with RHD. CONCLUSION: INVICTUS is the largest program of clinical research focused on a neglected cardiovascular disease and will provide new information on the clinical course of patients with RHD, and approaches to anticoagulation in those with concomitant AF.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial/tratamento farmacológico , Embolia/prevenção & controle , Inibidores do Fator Xa/uso terapêutico , Cardiopatia Reumática/tratamento farmacológico , Rivaroxabana/uso terapêutico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/prevenção & controle , Vitamina K/antagonistas & inibidores , Adulto , Idoso , Fibrilação Atrial/complicações , Inibidores do Fator Xa/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Hemorragia/induzido quimicamente , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gravidez , Complicações Cardiovasculares na Gravidez/tratamento farmacológico , Cardiopatia Reumática/complicações , Rivaroxabana/efeitos adversos
19.
Am J Cardiol ; 127: 176-183, 2020 07 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32423697

RESUMO

Four non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs) are approved for use to reduce the risk of stroke and systemic embolism in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). However, data are limited regarding the use of NOACs in the obese population. This manuscript summarizes current concepts regarding obesity in patients with AF and reviews in depth the data on the efficacy and safety of NOACs in obese patients with AF. The Pubmed database was searched for relevant articles. When evaluating obese patients with AF, weight loss is important to reduce disease burden. Recent analyses of the four NOAC versus warfarin trials (RE-LY, ROCKET-AF, ARISTOTLE, and ENGAGE AF-TIMI 48) stratified by body mass index (BMI) demonstrate preserved efficacy with NOACs versus warfarin in obese patients, with similar risk of major bleeding. Although the data are limited in class III obese patients (body mass index ≥40kg/m2), the efficacy and safety of apixaban or edoxaban appears to be similar to warfarin in patients with BMI 40-50kg/m2. In conclusion, these new data should be considered in updated guidelines, which currently provide limited, and sometimes conflicting recommendations regarding the use of NOACs in obese patients, particularly in severely obese patients.


Assuntos
Anticoagulantes/administração & dosagem , Fibrilação Atrial/tratamento farmacológico , Obesidade/complicações , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/prevenção & controle , Vitamina K/antagonistas & inibidores , Administração Oral , Fibrilação Atrial/complicações , Humanos , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/etiologia
20.
Stroke Vasc Neurol ; 5(1): 29-33, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32411405

RESUMO

As intracerebral hemorrahge becomes more frequent as a result of an aging population with greater comorbidities, rapid identification and reversal of precipitators becomes increasingly paramount. The aformentioned population will ever more likely be on some form of anticoagulant therapy. Understanding the mechanisms of these agents and means by which to reverse them early on is critical in managing the acute intracerebral hemorrhage.


Assuntos
Anticoagulantes/efeitos adversos , Coagulação Sanguínea/efeitos dos fármacos , Hemorragia Cerebral/terapia , Coagulantes/uso terapêutico , Inibidores do Fator Xa/efeitos adversos , Plasma , Varfarina/efeitos adversos , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , Fatores de Coagulação Sanguínea/uso terapêutico , Hemorragia Cerebral/sangue , Hemorragia Cerebral/induzido quimicamente , Coagulantes/efeitos adversos , Fator VIIa/uso terapêutico , Fator Xa/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Proteínas Recombinantes/uso terapêutico , Resultado do Tratamento , Vitamina K/antagonistas & inibidores , Vitamina K/uso terapêutico
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