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1.
Int Heart J ; 60(4): 899-909, 2019 Jul 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31308326

RESUMO

To systematically review and conduct a meta-analysis of the ivabradine-induced improvement in cardiopulmonary function, exercise capacity, and primary composite endpoints in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF).This study was a systematic review and meta-analysis.Databases, including PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), and Clinical Trials and European Union Clinical Trials, were searched for randomized placebo-controlled trials. The efficacy and safety of ivabradine treatment in patients with CHF were assessed and compared to those of the standard anti-heart failure treatment. Review Manager 5.3 software was used to analyze the relative risk (RR) for dichotomous data and the mean difference (MD) for continuous data.In total, 22 studies with 24,562 patients were included. Cardiopulmonary function analysis showed that treatment with added ivabradine reduced the heart rate (MD = -17.30, 95% confidence interval (CI): 19.52--15.08, P < 0.00001), significantly increased the left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) (MD = 3.90, 95% CI: 0.40-7.40, P < 0.0001), and led to a better New York Heart Association (NYHA) classification. Ivabradine significantly reduced the minute ventilation/carbon dioxide production (VE/VCO2) (MD = -2.68, 95% CI: -4.81--0.55, P = 0.01) and improved the peak VO2 (MD = 2.80, 95% CI: 1.05-4.55, P = 0.002) and the exercise capacity, including the exercise duration with a submaximal load (MD = 7.82, 95% CI: -2.57--18.21, P < 0.00001) and the 6-minute walk distance. The RR of cardiovascular death or worsening heart failure was significantly decreased (RR = 0.93, 95% CI: 0.87--0.98, P = 0.01) in the patients treated with ivabradine. Additionally, the RRs of heart failure and hospitalization also decreased (RR = 0.91, 95% CI: 0.85--0.97, P = 0.006; RR = 0.86, 95% CI: 0.79--0.93, P = 0.0002). Safety analysis showed no significant difference in the RR of severe adverse events between the ivabradine group and the standard anti-heart failure treatment group (P = 0.40). However, ivabradine significantly increased the RR of visual symptoms in CHF patients (RR = 3.82, 95% CI: 1.80--8.13, P = 0.0005).Existing evidence showed that adding ivabradine treatment significantly improved the cardiopulmonary function and increased the exercise capacity of patients with CHF. Adding ivabradine to the standard anti-heart failure treatment reduced the mortality and hospitalization risk and improved the quality of life. Finally, ivabradine significantly increased the RR of visual symptoms in CHF patients.This is the first systematic review and meta-analysis to focus on the efficacy of ivabradine, which improved the cardiac function and increased the exercise capacity in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). Therefore, this study will help evaluate the quality of life after adding ivabradine to the treatment of patients with CHF, even though there are differences in the standard for resting heart rate, left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), and New York Heart Association (NYHA) class in the included studies. This hybrid effect might be smaller when analyzed separately but might have a higher heterogeneity when analyzed in multiple studies.


Assuntos
Tolerância ao Exercício/efeitos dos fármacos , Insuficiência Cardíaca/tratamento farmacológico , Ivabradina/uso terapêutico , Volume Sistólico/fisiologia , Função Ventricular Esquerda/fisiologia , Fármacos Cardiovasculares/uso terapêutico , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Volume Sistólico/efeitos dos fármacos , Função Ventricular Esquerda/efeitos dos fármacos
2.
Anticancer Res ; 39(6): 3255-3264, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31177176

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Chemotherapy-induced cardiotoxicity may be observed during treatment or may cause severe cardiac failure as the main cause of death, even several years after therapy implementation. Herein, the aim was to establish the early diagnosis of cardiotoxicity through the periodic evaluation of the left ventricular (LV) and vascular remodeling parameters, in patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study population included 35 patients diagnosed with ALL, evaluated before and 3 months after starting chemotherapy, measuring systolic and diastolic parameters of the LV and intima-media thickness (IMT), arterial stiffness aortic pulse wave velocity (PWVAo) and ankle-brachial index (ABI). RESULTS: After the first 2 cycles of chemotherapy, all patients experienced a drop in LV ejection fraction (LVEF) (p<0.001), and 12 patients suffered a decrease of LVEF<50%. The ABI (p<0.05) and the global longitudinal strain (GLS) (p<0.001) decreased, while IMT and PWVAo (p<0.001) increased, proving a subclinical deterioration of the LV function and vascular remodeling. CONCLUSION: Assessment of cardiovascular risk factors before chemotherapy initiation in ALL patients may be helpful for an early diagnosis of chemotherapy-induced cardiotoxicity, thus contributing to early treatment and a subsequent decrease of death caused by such cardiovascular complications.


Assuntos
Índice Tornozelo-Braço , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Doenças Cardiovasculares/diagnóstico , Ecocardiografia Doppler , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Cardiotoxicidade , Doenças Cardiovasculares/induzido quimicamente , Doenças Cardiovasculares/fisiopatologia , Diagnóstico Precoce , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Contração Miocárdica/efeitos dos fármacos , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/diagnóstico , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Fatores de Risco , Volume Sistólico/efeitos dos fármacos , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Remodelação Vascular/efeitos dos fármacos , Rigidez Vascular/efeitos dos fármacos , Função Ventricular Esquerda/efeitos dos fármacos , Adulto Jovem
3.
Expert Opin Drug Saf ; 18(5): 393-402, 2019 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31074301

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) is associated with a worse outcome. Heart rate (HR) is related to outcome in HFrEF. Ivabradine selectively inhibits If (funny) channels in a concentration-dependent manner reducing HR. AREAS COVERED: The effects of ivabradine in HF were reviewed. The SHIFT trial results indicated that ivabradine improves chronic HFrEF outcomes, whereas published data suggest that amiodarone, digoxin, or verapamil may not be safe or the safety is controversial in HFrEF patients. In the CONSTATHE-DHF study, ivabradine reduced HR and improved left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction, LV diastolic functions, and right ventricle function in acute decompensated HF (ADHF). In chagasic patients, ivabradine reduced HR and a trend toward reduction in all-cause death was observed with ivabradine (p = 0.07). In children with HFrEF, ivabradine increased NYHA functional class. The most common side effects with ivabradine are bradycardia, atrial fibrillation, and phosphenes. Ivabradine was approved for HFrEF treatment by the EMA and FDA and seems to be cost-effective in HFrEF treatment. Ivabradine is indicated for HFrEF by the ESC HF Guidelines (IIa) and by the 2016 ACC/AHA/HFSA Guidelines (IIa-B-R). EXPERT OPINION: Published evidences demonstrate that ivabradine improves the outcome of chronic HFrEF and it seems to have a promising role in ADHF.


Assuntos
Fármacos Cardiovasculares/administração & dosagem , Insuficiência Cardíaca/tratamento farmacológico , Ivabradina/administração & dosagem , Animais , Fármacos Cardiovasculares/efeitos adversos , Fármacos Cardiovasculares/farmacologia , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Frequência Cardíaca/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Ivabradina/efeitos adversos , Ivabradina/farmacologia , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Volume Sistólico/efeitos dos fármacos , Função Ventricular Esquerda/efeitos dos fármacos
4.
Vet Anaesth Analg ; 46(3): 289-298, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30967341

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Adenosine induces vasodilatation. The aim of this study was to investigate cardiovascular effects of two adenosine constant rate infusion (CRI) doses in dogs. STUDY DESIGN: Experimental, longitudinal repeated measure design. ANIMALS: Ten healthy purpose-bred Beagle dogs. METHODS: Each dog was sedated with butorphanol. Anaesthesia was induced with propofol intravenously and maintained with sevoflurane (inspired oxygen fraction = 47-55%). Controlled mechanical ventilation was used to maintain normocapnia. Two doses of adenosine were administered as CRIs to each dog: 140 µg kg-1 minute-1 (A140) followed by 280 µg kg-1 minute-1 (A280). Pulse rate, invasive arterial pressure and stroke volume (by magnetic resonance phase contrast angiography) were measured at baseline, 3 minutes after starting adenosine and 3 and 10 minutes after discontinuing adenosine. Cardiac output, cardiac index and approximated systemic vascular resistances (approximate SVR) were calculated. Additionally, arterial blood gases, co-oximetry, electrolytes, glucose and lactate were measured and oxygen content and delivery calculated. One-way repeated measures analysis of variance (p < 0.05) was used for data analysis. RESULTS: A140 and A280 resulted in a significant decrease in arterial blood pressure [systolic (p = 0.008), mean (p = 0.003), and diastolic arterial pressure (p = 0.004)] and approximate SVR (p = 0.008) compared with baseline. No significant changes were detected for the other variables. All values returned to baseline within 3 minutes after adenosine discontinuation. CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Adenosine CRI decreases arterial pressure by vasodilatation in healthy dogs. No additional effects were observed with the higher dose. The effects in compromised dogs remain to be investigated.


Assuntos
Adenosina/farmacologia , Anestesia/veterinária , Sistema Cardiovascular/efeitos dos fármacos , Vasodilatadores/farmacologia , Animais , Cães , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Feminino , Frequência Cardíaca/efeitos dos fármacos , Infusões Intravenosas/veterinária , Estudos Longitudinais , Angiografia por Ressonância Magnética/veterinária , Masculino , Propofol , Sevoflurano , Volume Sistólico/efeitos dos fármacos
5.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(17): e15277, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31027084

RESUMO

There exists controversy on whether and for how long anticoagulation is necessary after primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI).We aimed to study the impact of prolonged (>24 h) or brief (<24 h) postprocedural anticoagulation on infarct size assessed by cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) after 30 days as well as on left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and left ventricular (LV) remodeling evaluated by 2D-echocardiography after 9 months from the INNOVATION trial (Clinical Trial Registration: NCT02324348).Of the 114 patients (mean age: 59.5 years) enrolled, 76 (66.7%) received prolonged anticoagulation therapy (median duration: 72.6 h) and 38 (33.3%) patients received brief anticoagulation therapy (median duration: 5 h) after primary PCI. There was no significant difference in infarct size (mean size: 15.6% after prolonged anticoagulation versus 19.8% after brief anticoagulation, P = .100) and the incidence of microvascular obstruction (50.7% versus 52.9%, P = .830) between the groups. Even after adjusting, prolonged anticoagulation therapy could not reduce larger infarct (defined as >75 percentile of infarct size; 19.7% versus 35.3%; adjusted odd ratio [OR]: 0.435; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.120-1.57; P = .204). Similar results were observed in subanalyses of major high-risk subgroups. Moreover, follow-up LVEF <35% (3.2% versus 7.4%; adjusted OR: 0.383; 95% CI: 0.051-2.884; P = .352) and LV remodeling (defined as >20% increase in LV end-diastolic volume; 37.1% versus 18.5%; adjusted OR: 2.249; 95% CI: 0.593-8.535; P = .234) were similar between groups.These data suggest that prolonged postprocedural anticoagulation may not provide much benefit after successful primary PCI in patients with STEMI. However, further studies are needed.


Assuntos
Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/tratamento farmacológico , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/cirurgia , Idoso , Anticoagulantes/administração & dosagem , Anticoagulantes/efeitos adversos , Esquema de Medicação , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/diagnóstico por imagem , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/fisiopatologia , Volume Sistólico/efeitos dos fármacos , Fatores de Tempo , Remodelação Ventricular/efeitos dos fármacos
6.
Drug Discov Ther ; 13(1): 38-46, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30880321

RESUMO

Heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality without an established treatment. Diastolic dysfunction, the hallmark of HFpEF, is associated with altered myocardial bioenergetics. No previous study has examined the effects of coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) on left ventricle (LV) diastolic function in patients with HFpEF. We investigated whether CoQ10 could improve LV diastolic function in patients with HFpEF. We performed a randomized controlled trial (RCT) using pretest and posttest control groups of 30 patients with HFpEF. The patients received either CoQ10 100 mg three times a day or no CoQ10 in addition to routine treatment for 30 days. Echocardiographic study was performed at baseline and follow-up. LV diastolic function was evaluated by two dimensional and Doppler echocardiography as follows; average E/e׳, septal and lateral e׳velocity, and left atrium volume index (LAVI). A total of 28 patients completed the study. A statistically significant improvement was observed in the CoQ10 treatment group in terms between groups (∆E/e׳ ‒ 3.6 vs. ‒ 2.4; p = 0.28) and (∆LAVI ‒ 5.4 vs. ‒ 4.4; p = 0.83). Short term CoQ10 supplementation provided no additional benefits in improving LV diastolic function in patients with HFpEF.


Assuntos
Diástole/efeitos dos fármacos , Suplementos Nutricionais , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência Cardíaca/tratamento farmacológico , Volume Sistólico/efeitos dos fármacos , Ubiquinona/análogos & derivados , Idoso , Diástole/fisiologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Volume Sistólico/fisiologia , Ubiquinona/administração & dosagem , Função Ventricular Esquerda/efeitos dos fármacos , Função Ventricular Esquerda/fisiologia
7.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(8): e14657, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30813209

RESUMO

Recent studies reported that high doses of short-acting loop diuretics are associated with poor outcomes in patients with heart failure (HF). Short-acting loop diuretics have been shown to activate the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) and have no favorable effects on cardiac sympathetic nervous system (SNS) activity. The goal of this study is to investigate the relationship between daily doses of furosemide and the outcomes of patients with left ventricular dysfunction (LVD) from the viewpoint of cardiac SNS abnormalities using iodine-123-labeled metaiodobenzylguanidine (l-MIBG) myocardial scintigraphy.We enrolled 137 hospitalized patients (62.5 ±â€Š14.2 years old, 103 men) with LVEF < 45% who underwent l-MIBG myocardial scintigraphy. A delayed heart-to-mediastinum ratio (delayed HMR) was assessed using l-MIBG scintigraphy. Cardiac events were defined as cardiac death or re-hospitalization due to the deterioration of HF. Cox proportional hazard analysis was used to identify predictors of cardiac events.Cardiac events occurred in 57 patients in a follow-up period of 33.1 ±â€Š30 months. In a multivariate Cox proportional hazard analysis, delayed HMR and furosemide doses were identified as independent predictors of cardiac events (P = .0042, P = .033, respectively). Inverse probability of treatment weighting Cox modeling showed that the use of furosemide (≥40 mg /day) was associated with cardiac events with a hazard ratio of 1.96 (P = .003). In the Kaplan-Mayer analysis, the cardiac event-free survival rate was significantly lower in patients treated with high doses of furosemide (≥60 mg/day vs 40-60 mg/day vs <40 mg/day, the Log-rank test P < .0001). In a receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) analysis, the cut-off value for cardiac events was 40 mg/day of furosemide. The cardiac event-free rate was significantly lower in patients with delayed HMR <1.8 (median value) and receiving furosemide ≥40 mg/day than in other patients (the Log-rank test P < .0001). Significant differences in cardiac event rates according to furosemide doses among patients with delayed HMR <1.8 were observed among patients without ß-blocker therapy (P = .001), but not among those with ß-blocker therapy (P = .127).The present results indicate that a relationship exists between higher doses of furosemide and poor outcomes. The prognosis of HF patients with severe cardiac SNS abnormalities receiving high-dose short-acting loop diuretics is poor.


Assuntos
Furosemida , Insuficiência Cardíaca , Coração , Sistema Nervoso Simpático/efeitos dos fármacos , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda , 3-Iodobenzilguanidina/farmacologia , Idoso , Disponibilidade Biológica , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Feminino , Furosemida/administração & dosagem , Furosemida/efeitos adversos , Furosemida/farmacocinética , Coração/diagnóstico por imagem , Coração/inervação , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico , Insuficiência Cardíaca/tratamento farmacológico , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Japão , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Imagem de Perfusão do Miocárdio/métodos , Avaliação de Processos e Resultados (Cuidados de Saúde) , Compostos Radiofarmacêuticos/farmacologia , Inibidores de Simportadores de Cloreto de Sódio e Potássio/administração & dosagem , Inibidores de Simportadores de Cloreto de Sódio e Potássio/efeitos adversos , Inibidores de Simportadores de Cloreto de Sódio e Potássio/farmacocinética , Volume Sistólico/efeitos dos fármacos , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/diagnóstico , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/tratamento farmacológico
8.
Lancet ; 393(10175): 1034-1044, 2019 03 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30860029

RESUMO

Heart failure is the most common cardiovascular reason for hospital admission for people older than 60 years of age. Few areas in medicine have progressed as remarkably as heart failure treatment over the past three decades. However, progress has been consistent only for chronic heart failure with reduced ejection fraction. In acutely decompensated heart failure and heart failure with preserved ejection fraction, none of the treatments tested to date have been definitively proven to improve survival. Delaying or preventing heart failure has become increasingly important in patients who are prone to heart failure. The prevention of worsening chronic heart failure and hospitalisations for acute decompensation is also of great importance. The objective of this Series paper is to provide a concise and practical summary of the available drug treatments for heart failure. We support the implementation of the international guidelines. We offer views on the basis of our personal experience in research areas that have insufficient evidence. The best possible evidence-based drug treatment (including inhibitors of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system and ß blockers) is useful only when optimally implemented. However, implementation might be challenging. We believe that disease management programmes can be helpful in providing a multidisciplinary, holistic approach to the delivery of optimal medical care.


Assuntos
Bloqueadores do Receptor Tipo 1 de Angiotensina II/uso terapêutico , Diuréticos/uso terapêutico , Insuficiência Cardíaca/tratamento farmacológico , Inibidores do Transportador 2 de Sódio-Glicose/uso terapêutico , Doença Aguda , Progressão da Doença , Insuficiência Cardíaca/classificação , Humanos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Volume Sistólico/efeitos dos fármacos
9.
Cardiovasc Diabetol ; 18(1): 39, 2019 03 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30902059

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The efficacy of cell transplantation in heart failure is reportedly modest, but adjuvant drugs combined with cell therapy may improve this efficacy. Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)γ, one of the hypoglycemic medicine for diabetes mellitus, reportedly enhances cytokine production in adipose tissue-derived regenerative cells (ADRCs). We hypothesized that combined administration of PPARγ agonists and ADRCs may enhance the paracrine effects of adiponectin (APN), leading to functional recovery in a chronic myocardial infarction (MI) model. METHODS: ADRCs were isolated from adipose tissues of adult rats by gradient centrifugation and embedded in bio-compatible fibrin-glue to produce ADRCs grafts. In the in vitro study, the ADRCs grafts released APN, which was significantly enhanced by the PPARγ agonist (PGZ, pioglitazone). Transplantation of ADRCs grafts (group A), ADRCs mixed with PGZ (group AP), APN knockdown-ADRCs (group Si) or PGZ (group P) onto the epicardium or a sham operation (group C) was performed (n = 10-20 per group). RESULTS: The AP group showed significant improvement in ejection fraction compared to that in the other groups. In the AP group, a significantly larger number of M2-polarized macrophages was detected and existed for a significantly longer duration in the infarct area. Furthermore, comparing Si group and P group, western blotting of T-cadherin revealed that exogenous APN and local expression of T-cadherin were essential to this histological change and recovery of cardiac function. CONCLUSIONS: Combined administration of PPARγ agonist and ADRSCs activated M2-polarized macrophages with enhancement of APN paracrine effects and lead to better cardiac function in a rat infarction model.


Assuntos
Adiponectina/metabolismo , Tecido Adiposo/efeitos dos fármacos , Tecido Adiposo/transplante , Cardiomiopatias/terapia , Transplante de Células/métodos , Macrófagos/efeitos dos fármacos , Infarto do Miocárdio/terapia , PPAR gama/agonistas , Pioglitazona/farmacologia , Regeneração/efeitos dos fármacos , Tecido Adiposo/citologia , Tecido Adiposo/metabolismo , Animais , Caderinas/metabolismo , Cardiomiopatias/metabolismo , Cardiomiopatias/patologia , Cardiomiopatias/fisiopatologia , Células Cultivadas , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Interleucina-10/metabolismo , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Masculino , Infarto do Miocárdio/metabolismo , Infarto do Miocárdio/patologia , Infarto do Miocárdio/fisiopatologia , Miocárdio/patologia , PPAR gama/metabolismo , Comunicação Parácrina/efeitos dos fármacos , Fenótipo , Ratos Endogâmicos Lew , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Volume Sistólico/efeitos dos fármacos , Função Ventricular Esquerda/efeitos dos fármacos
10.
J Cardiovasc Med (Hagerstown) ; 20(5): 343-350, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30921270

RESUMO

AIMS: Arrhythmic risk stratification is a challenging issue in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM), particularly when left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) is more than 35%. We studied the prevalence and predictors of sudden cardiac death or malignant ventricular arrhythmias (SCD/MVAs) in DCM patients categorized at low arrhythmic risk because of intermediate left ventricular dysfunction under optimal medical treatment (OMT). METHODS: DCM patients considered at low arrhythmic risk (LVEF >35% and New York Heart Association class I-III after 6 ±â€Š3 months of OMT) were analysed. An arrhythmogenic profile was defined as the presence of at least one among a history of syncope, nonsustained ventricular tachycardia, at least 1000 premature ventricular contractions/24 h, at least 50 ventricular couplets/24 h at Holter ECG monitoring. SCD/MVAs was considered as the study end-point. RESULTS: During a median follow-up of 152 months (interquartile range 100-234), 30 out of 360 (8.3%) patients at low arrhythmic risk (LVEF 47 ±â€Š7%) experienced the study end-point [14 (3.9%) SCD and 16 (4.4%) MVA]. Compared with survivors, patients who experienced SCD/MVAs had more frequently an arrhythmogenic profile and a larger left atrium. Their LVEF at the last available evaluation before the arrhythmic event was 36 ±â€Š12%. At multivariable analysis, left atrial end-systolic area [hazard ratio 1.107; 95% confidence interval (95% CI) 1.039-1.179, P = 0.002 for 1 mm increase] and arrhythmogenic profile (hazard ratio 3.667; 95% CI 1.762-7.632, P = 0.001) emerged as predictors of SCD/MVAs during follow-up. CONCLUSION: A consistent quota of DCM patients with intermediate left ventricular dysfunction receiving OMT experienced SCD/MVA during follow-up. Left atrial dilatation and arrhythmogenic pattern were associated with a higher risk of SCD/MVA.


Assuntos
Arritmias Cardíacas/epidemiologia , Cardiomiopatia Dilatada/epidemiologia , Morte Súbita Cardíaca/epidemiologia , Volume Sistólico , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/epidemiologia , Função Ventricular Esquerda , Adulto , Arritmias Cardíacas/diagnóstico , Arritmias Cardíacas/mortalidade , Cardiomiopatia Dilatada/diagnóstico , Cardiomiopatia Dilatada/tratamento farmacológico , Cardiomiopatia Dilatada/mortalidade , Fármacos Cardiovasculares/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Itália/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Prognóstico , Sistema de Registros , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Volume Sistólico/efeitos dos fármacos , Fatores de Tempo , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/diagnóstico , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/tratamento farmacológico , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/mortalidade , Função Ventricular Esquerda/efeitos dos fármacos
11.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(13): e14967, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30921200

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Recent studies have shown the efficacy for using spironolactone to treat heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF), but the efficacy of spironolactone for heart failure with mid-range ejection fraction (HFmrEF) and heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) is unclear. This meta-analysis investigated the efficacy and safety of spironolactone in patients with HFmrEF and HFpEF. METHODS AND RESULTS: We searched several databases including PubMed and the Cochrane Collaboration, for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that assessed spironolactone treatment in HFmrEF and HFpEF. Eleven RCTs including 4539 patients were included. Spironolactone reduced hospitalizations (odds ratio [OR], 0.84; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.73-0.95; P = .006), improved New York Heart Association functional classifications (NYHA-FC) (OR, 0.35; 95% CI, 0.19-0.66; P = .001), decreased the levels of brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) (mean difference [MD], - 44.80 pg/mL; 95% CI, -73.44--16.17; P = .002), procollagen type I C-terminal propeptide (PICP) (MD, -27.04 ng/mL; 95% CI, -40.77--13.32, P < .001) in HFmrEF and HFpEF. Besides, it improved 6-minute walking distances (6-MWD) (standard weighted mean difference [SMD], 0.45 m; 95% CI, 0.27-0.64; P < .001), decreased amino-terminal peptide of procollagen type-III (PIIINP) (SMD, -0.37 µg/L; 95% CI, -0.59--0.15; P = .001) in HFpEF only. The risks of hyperkalemia (P<.001) and gynecomastia (P<.001) were increased. CONCLUSION: Patients with HFmrEF and HFpEF could benefit from spironolactone treatment, with reduced hospitalizations, BNP levels, improved NYHA-FC, alleviated myocardial fibrosis by decreasing serum PICP in HFmrEF and HFpEF, decreased PIIINP levels and increased 6-MWD only in HFpEF. The risks of hyperkalemia and gynecomastia were significantly increased with the spironolactone treatment.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca/tratamento farmacológico , Espironolactona/uso terapêutico , Volume Sistólico/efeitos dos fármacos , Insuficiência Cardíaca/mortalidade , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Peptídeo Natriurético Encefálico/biossíntese , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/biossíntese , Pró-Colágeno/biossíntese , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Fatores de Risco , Volume Sistólico/fisiologia , Velocidade de Caminhada
12.
Int Heart J ; 60(2): 359-365, 2019 Mar 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30745539

RESUMO

The efficacy of intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) in the treatment of acute myocarditis remains controversial. The aim of this study was to conduct a meta-analysis to assess the efficacy of IVIG in children and adults with acute myocarditis.We searched PubMed, Scopus, Embase, Medline, the Cochrane Library, Google Scholar, and the ClinicalTrials.gov website. Eligible studies were clinical trials of patients with acute myocarditis who received IVIG therapy. Pooled odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were used to estimate the outcomes.Thirteen studies with 1534 cases were incorporated into our meta-analysis. Pooled results showed that IVIG therapy significantly reduced in-hospital mortality (OR: 0.44, 95% CI 0.17 to 0.71, P < 0.001) and improved the left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) (OR: 1.73, 95% CI 1.34 to 2.13, P < 0.001) in acute myocarditis patients. Furthermore, patients with acute fulminant myocarditis (AFM) exhibited a significantly higher survival rate (OR: 2.80, 95% CI 1.16 to 6.77, P = 0.022) in the IVIG group.IVIG therapy can not only result in lower in-hospital mortality and superior recovery of left ventricular function in patients with acute myocarditis, but also increase the survival rate of AFM patients. The present study provides some supportive evidence for IVIG therapy in acute myocarditis patients.


Assuntos
Imunoglobulinas Intravenosas/farmacologia , Miocardite/terapia , Doença Aguda , Adulto , Criança , Humanos , Fatores Imunológicos/farmacologia , Miocardite/mortalidade , Miocardite/fisiopatologia , Volume Sistólico/efeitos dos fármacos , Análise de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
Int Heart J ; 60(2): 255-263, 2019 Mar 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30799375

RESUMO

Previous clinical studies have shown inconsistent results regarding the effect of erythropoietin in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). This study investigated whether directed intracoronary infusion of darbepoetin-α into ischemic myocardium before reperfusion would reduce infarct size or post-infarct remodeling in STEMI patients.Eighty STEMI patients received one of the following treatments simultaneously with the first balloon inflation: intracoronary darbepoetin-α 300 µg (n = 40) or saline (n = 40), administered via the over-the-wire balloon system. The primary endpoint was infarct size estimated by serial cardiac enzyme levels after procedure. The secondary endpoints were (1) infarct size and proportion of salvaged myocardium measured with cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) at baseline; (2) post-infarct remodeling (PIR), defined as an increase in left ventricular end-diastolic volume more than 20% at 4 months compared to the baseline on CMR; and (3) composite cardiovascular endpoints assessed at 4 months.The peak CK-MB [median 270.0 (interquartile range 139.8-356.3) versus 231.5 (131.0-408.5) ng/mL, P = 0.55] and troponin-I [128.5 (63.5-227.8) versus 109.0 (43.8-220.0) ng/mL, P = 0.52) ] did not differ between the darbepoetin-α and control group. Fifty-seven patients completed the baseline and 4-month follow-up CMR. There were no differences in infarct size [30.6 (18.1-49.8) versus 31.5 (22.5-47.3) cm3, P = 0.91), proportion of salvaged myocardium [26.7% (15.9-42.6%) versus 35.8% (22.4-48.8%), P = 0.12) or PIR (8.0% versus 6.7%, P = 0.62) between the two groups. Composite cardiovascular outcomes did not differ between the two groups.In conclusion, administration of intracoronary darbepoetin-α before reperfusion did not reduce infarct size or post-infarct remodeling in STEMI patients.


Assuntos
Angioplastia Coronária com Balão/métodos , Darbepoetina alfa , Miocárdio/patologia , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/terapia , Remodelação Ventricular/efeitos dos fármacos , Idoso , Vasos Coronários , Darbepoetina alfa/administração & dosagem , Darbepoetina alfa/efeitos adversos , Monitoramento de Medicamentos/métodos , Feminino , Hematínicos/administração & dosagem , Hematínicos/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Infusões Intra-Arteriais , Imagem Cinética por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios/métodos , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/diagnóstico , Volume Sistólico/efeitos dos fármacos , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
Ther Adv Cardiovasc Dis ; 13: 1753944718819064, 2019 Jan-Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30803403

RESUMO

BACKGROUND:: Although tolvaptan, an electrolyte-free water diuretic for congestive heart failure (HF), is reported to have no effect on long-term mortality or HF-related morbidity, there may exist some subgroups of patients who may receive beneficial effect of tolvaptan. The purpose of this study was to identify clinical factors associated with mid-term effect of tolvaptan on clinical outcomes of patients who discharged after acute HF. METHODS:: We retrospectively analyzed 140 patients (88 male; mean age, 77.1 ± 11.0 years) with acute HF who received tolvaptan (initial dose 8.6 ± 3.6 mg/day) during their hospitalization. They were divided into two groups according to how the tolvaptan was used at discharge; 77 in the tolvaptan-continued group and 63 in the discontinued group. RESULTS:: The Cox proportional hazards model revealed that eGFR was the only independent predictor for the occurrence of mid-term cardiac events (composite of re-hospitalization due to HF and all-cause death; aHR = 0.9870, p = 0.02597). The Kaplan-Meier survival curves of the two groups demonstrated no difference in cumulative event-free rates. In the subgroup with preserved renal function at admission (eGFR ⩾ 30 ml/min/1.73 m2), the continuous use of tolvaptan increased composite events (aHR = 2.130, p = 0.02549). CONCLUSIONS:: The continuous use of tolvaptan after discharge did not affect mid-term cardiac events of HF overall but may be associated with increased cardiac events in the subgroup with preserved renal function. These findings suggest that the tolvaptan administration might need to be limited to treatment of in-hospital acute HF.


Assuntos
Taxa de Filtração Glomerular/fisiologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/tratamento farmacológico , Volume Sistólico/fisiologia , Tolvaptan/administração & dosagem , Idoso , Antagonistas dos Receptores de Hormônios Antidiuréticos/administração & dosagem , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Feminino , Seguimentos , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular/efeitos dos fármacos , Insuficiência Cardíaca/mortalidade , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Japão/epidemiologia , Testes de Função Renal , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Volume Sistólico/efeitos dos fármacos , Taxa de Sobrevida/tendências , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
Med. clín (Ed. impr.) ; 152(2): 43-49, ene. 2019. graf, tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-181818

RESUMO

Background and objective: According to recent guidelines, the best approach for treatment of heart failure patients with preserved ejection function is still not defined. The aim of this study was to investigate how carvedilol therapy influences the survival rate, ejection fraction and NYHA class in these patients. Patients and methods: We conducted study on heart failure patients with preserved systolic function from the Croatian heart failure registry who were hospitalized in the period between 2005 and 2010. We enrolled patients with carvedilol listed as treatment on their discharge letters and patients who had been using carvedilol for at least 4 years, while for the control group we selected patients with no beta-blockers on their discharge letters (113 vs 204 respectively). The primary outcome was the overall survival rate and the secondary outcome was the change in ejection fraction of the left ventricle and NYHA class during the study. Results: Patients in the carvedilol group had a higher overall survival rate compared to patients in the control group (chi-square=14.1, P<0.001). Patients in the carvedilol group in two measurements had a significantly higher ejection fraction compared to the control group (F=148.04, P<0.001). Also, patients in the carvedilol group showed improvement in NYHA class (chi-square=29.768, P<0.001). Conclusion: Long term carvedilol therapy appears to be associated with a higher overall survival rate, improvement in ejection fraction and NYHA class in heart failure patients with preserved ejection fraction


Antecedentes y objetivo: Según directrices recientes, todavía no se ha definido el mejor modo de tratar pacientes con insuficiencia cardíaca con función de eyección preservada. El objetivo de este estudio fue investigar cómo la terapia con carvedilol influye en la tasa de supervivencia, la fracción de eyección y la clase NYHA en estos pacientes. Pacientes y métodos: A partir de los datos del registro croata de insuficiencia cardíaca, se realizó un estudio en pacientes con insuficiencia cardíaca con función sistólica preservada que fueron hospitalizados en el período de 2005 a 2010. Registramos a los pacientes que tuvieron carvedilol incluido en su tratamiento en las cartas de alta y a los pacientes que habían estado usando carvedilol durante al menos 4 años. Para el grupo de control, seleccionamos a los pacientes sin betabloqueantes en sus cartas de alta (113 versus 204, respectivamente). El resultado primario fue la tasa de supervivencia general, y el resultado secundario fue el cambio durante el estudio en la fracción de eyección del ventrículo izquierdo y la clase NYHA. Resultados: Los pacientes del grupo con carvedilol tuvieron una tasa de supervivencia general más alta que los pacientes del grupo control (Chi-cuadrado=14,1; p<0,001). Los pacientes del grupo con carvedilol en 2 mediciones tuvieron una fracción de eyección significativamente mayor en comparación con el grupo control (F=148,04; p<0,001). Además, los pacientes en el grupo de carvedilol mostraron mejoría en la clase NYHA (Chi-cuadrado=29,768; p<0,001). Conclusión: La terapia con carvedilol a largo plazo parece estar asociada con una tasa de supervivencia general más alta y a una mejoría en la fracción de eyección y clase NYHA en pacientes con insuficiencia cardíaca con fracción de eyección preservada


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Insuficiência Cardíaca/tratamento farmacológico , Carvedilol/administração & dosagem , Volume Sistólico/efeitos dos fármacos , Taxa de Sobrevida , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Estudos Prospectivos
16.
Cardiovasc Diabetol ; 18(1): 1, 2019 01 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30626440

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In heart failure the myocardium becomes insulin resistant which negatively influences cardiac energy metabolism and function, while increasing cardiac insulin signalling improves cardiac function and prevents adverse remodelling in the failing heart. Glucagon's action on cardiac glucose and lipid homeostasis counteract that of insulin's action. We hypothesised that pharmacological antagonism of myocardial glucagon action, using a human monoclonal antibody (mAb A) against glucagon receptor (GCGR), a G-protein coupled receptor, will enhance insulin sensitivity and improve cardiac energy metabolism and function post myocardial infarction (MI). METHODS: Male C57BL/6 mice were subjected to a permanent left anterior descending coronary artery ligation to induce MI, following which they received either saline or mAb A (4 mg kg-1 week-1 starting at 1 week post-MI) for 3 weeks. RESULTS: Echocardiographic assessment at 4 weeks post-MI showed that mAb A treatment improved % ejection fraction (40.0 ± 2.3% vs 30.7 ± 1.7% in vehicle-treated MI heart, p < 0.05) and limited adverse remodelling (LV mass: 129 ± 7 vs 176 ± 14 mg in vehicle-treated MI hearts, p < 0.05) post MI. In isolated working hearts an increase in insulin-stimulated glucose oxidation was evident in the mAb A-treated MI hearts (1661 ± 192 vs 924 ± 165 nmol g dry wt-1 min-1 in vehicle-treated MI hearts, p < 0.05), concomitant with a decrease in ketone oxidation and fatty acid oxidation rates. The increase in insulin stimulated glucose oxidation was accompanied by activation of the IRS-1/Akt/AS160/GSK-3ß pathway, an increase in GLUT4 expression and a reduction in pyruvate dehydrogenase phosphorylation. This enhancement in insulin sensitivity occurred in parallel with a reduction in cardiac branched chain amino acids content (374 ± 27 vs 183 ± 41 µmol g protein-1 in vehicle-treated MI hearts, p < 0.05) and inhibition of the mTOR/P70S6K hypertrophic signalling pathway. The MI-induced increase in the phosphorylation of transforming growth factor ß-activated kinase 1 (p-TAK1) and p38 MAPK was also reduced by mAb A treatment. CONCLUSIONS: mAb A-mediated cardioprotection post-myocardial infarction is associated with improved insulin sensitivity and a selective enhancement of glucose oxidation via, at least in part, enhancing branched chain amino acids catabolism. Antagonizing glucagon action represents a novel and effective pharmacological intervention to alleviate cardiac dysfunction and adverse remodelling post-myocardial infarction.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais/farmacologia , Resistência à Insulina , Infarto do Miocárdio/tratamento farmacológico , Miocárdio/metabolismo , Receptores de Glucagon/antagonistas & inibidores , Volume Sistólico/efeitos dos fármacos , Função Ventricular Esquerda/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Glicemia/efeitos dos fármacos , Glicemia/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Metabolismo Energético/efeitos dos fármacos , Preparação de Coração Isolado , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Infarto do Miocárdio/metabolismo , Infarto do Miocárdio/fisiopatologia , Receptores de Glucagon/metabolismo , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Remodelação Ventricular/efeitos dos fármacos
17.
Int J Cardiol ; 274: 245-247, 2019 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30193794

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Targeted treatment for decompensated right heart failure (RHF) with or without left heart failure is lacking. Vasopressin antagonists (vaptans) may offer an option by increasing urine output and fluid mobilization when used in acute decompensated RHF without impacting blood pressure or renal function, both common complications of loop diuretics. METHODS AND RESULTS: We searched electronic medical records from 2 institutions over 4 years for patients with RHF treated with vaptans. Urine output, creatinine, BUN and sodium, 1 day pre- versus 1 day post-vaptan initiation were compared. Baseline (admission) pre-vaptan values for patients with RHF who met inclusion criteria (n = 112) were RAP, median (interquartile range) = 19 (13-24) mmHg; cardiac index, mean ±â€¯standard deviation = 1.8 ±â€¯0.4 L/min/m2; BNP, 1078 (523-1690) pg/ml; creatinine clearance of 51 (39-69) ml/min, BUN, 37 (26-54) mg/dl, and serum [Na+] 132 (126-135) mEq/L. Most patients (n = 103/112) received intravenous inotrope (prior to vaptan, n = 91). Overall length of stay was 27 (16-43) days. Vaptan treatment (90% tolvaptan, 10% conivaptan) was associated with increased 24 h urine output, 1517 (906-2394) vs 2337 (1425-3744) mL, p = 0.005, and [Na+], 127 (124-130) vs 130 (126-135) mEq/L, p = 0.001, without significant change in Cr or BUN. Furosemide IV dose equivalent decreased or remained unchanged in 75% of patients at 24 h and 64% at 72 h compared to the 24 h prior to vaptan use. CONCLUSION: Vaptans were associated with a significant increase in urine output and serum sodium with an apparent reduction or stabilization of furosemide equivalent dosing in the early treatment period in patients with decompensated RHF. Vaptans may offer a management option for patients failing conventional diuretic-based treatment.


Assuntos
Antagonistas dos Receptores de Hormônios Antidiuréticos/uso terapêutico , Insuficiência Cardíaca/tratamento farmacológico , Volume Sistólico/fisiologia , Função Ventricular Direita/fisiologia , Benzazepinas/uso terapêutico , Creatinina/sangue , Diurese/efeitos dos fármacos , Feminino , Seguimentos , Insuficiência Cardíaca/sangue , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Volume Sistólico/efeitos dos fármacos , Tolvaptan/uso terapêutico , Resultado do Tratamento , Função Ventricular Direita/efeitos dos fármacos
18.
Int J Cardiol ; 275: 179-186, 2019 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30360992

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cancer-related treatment is associated with development of heart failure and poor outcome in cancer-survivors. T1 and T2 mapping by cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) may detect myocardial injury due to cancer-related treatment. METHODS: Patients receiving cancer-related treatment regimes underwent screening of cardiac involvement with CMR, either within 3 months (early Tx) or >12 months (late Tx) post-treatment. T1 and T2 mapping, cardiac function, strain, ischaemia-testing, scar-imaging and serological cardiac biomarkers were obtained. RESULTS: Compared to age/gender matched controls (n = 57), patients (n = 115, age (yrs): median(IQR) 48(28-60), females, n = 60(52%) had reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (LV-EF) and strain, and higher native T1 and T2. The early Tx group (n = 52) had significantly higher native T1, T2 and troponin levels compared to the late Tx group, indicating myocardial inflammation and oedema (p < 0.01). On the contrary, late Tx patients showed raised native T1, increased LV-end-systolic volumes, reduced LV-EF and deformation, and elevated NT-proBNP, suggesting myocardial fibrosis and remodelling (p < 0.05). Prospective validation of these results in an independent cohort of patients with similar treatment regimens (n = 25) and longitudinal assessments revealed high concordance of CMR imaging signatures of early and late cardiac involvement. CONCLUSIONS: Native T1 and T2 mapping can be valuable in detecting and monitoring of cardiac involvement with cancer-related treatment, providing distinct biosignatures of early inflammatory involvement (raised native T1 and T2) and interstitial fibrosis and remodelling (raised native T1 but not T2), respectively. Our findings may provide an algorithm allowing to identify susceptible myocardium to potentially guide cardio-protective treatment measures.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Cardiomiopatias/induzido quimicamente , Imagem Cinética por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Miocárdio/patologia , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Volume Sistólico/efeitos dos fármacos , Biomarcadores/sangue , Cardiomiopatias/diagnóstico , Cardiomiopatias/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
19.
Int J Cardiol ; 275: 145-151, 2019 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30509370

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIM: In autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) cardiac abnormalities have been observed before the onset of hypertension or renal dysfunction. We sought to characterize, in ADPKD patients, left ventricular (LV) function and its changes after somatostatin-analogue octreotide-LAR treatment. METHODS: In a 1:1:1 cross-sectional study, we evaluated LV function by speckle-tracking echocardiography in 34 ADPKD patients from one ALADIN-trial center and in 34 age- and gender-matched healthy controls and 34 equally-matched renal controls with non-cystic chronic kidney disease. Changes in LV function were compared in the 16 and 18 ADPKD patients originally randomized to 3 year-treatment with octreotide-LAR or placebo, respectively. RESULTS: LV twist and untwisting rates were lower in ADPKD patients that in healthy or renal controls (6.1 ±â€¯2.6° vs. 11.1 ±â€¯2.1° and 10.2 ±â€¯3.7°; -49.5 ±â€¯18.1°/s vs. -79.8 ±â€¯12.2°/s and -84.3 ±â€¯25.9°/s, respectively, all p < 0.001). The correlation between LV mass or diastolic BP and untwisting rate was positive in ADPKD patients (r = 0.38, p = 0.025 and r = 0.44, p = 0.011, respectively), not significant in healthy controls and negative in renal controls (r = -0.38; p = 0.023 and r = -0.40, p = 0.012, respectively. LV untwisting rate improved from -49.9 ±â€¯18.6°/s to -70.3 ±â€¯27.5°/s with octreotide-LAR, but did not change with placebo (p = 0.027 for treatment effect). At adjusted linear regression analysis, octreotide-LAR therapy emerged as the only independent predictor of untwisting rate improvement at final visit [beta coefficient -0.504 (95% CI -46.905--6.367), p = 0.014]. CONCLUSIONS: In ADPKD patients LV function is early impaired. Somatostatin-analogue therapy might help in preventing or ameliorating LV dysfunction in this population. Clinical Trial Registration http://www.clinicaltrials.gov, NCT0030928.


Assuntos
Ventrículos do Coração/fisiopatologia , Octreotida/administração & dosagem , Rim Policístico Autossômico Dominante/complicações , Volume Sistólico/fisiologia , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/prevenção & controle , Função Ventricular Esquerda/efeitos dos fármacos , Administração Oral , Adulto , Antineoplásicos Hormonais/administração & dosagem , Estudos Transversais , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ecocardiografia Doppler , Feminino , Seguimentos , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular , Ventrículos do Coração/diagnóstico por imagem , Ventrículos do Coração/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Rim Policístico Autossômico Dominante/tratamento farmacológico , Rim Policístico Autossômico Dominante/fisiopatologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Volume Sistólico/efeitos dos fármacos , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/diagnóstico , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/etiologia
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