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1.
Biol Res ; 52(1): 54, 2019 Oct 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31581950

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: IcarisideII (ICAII) could promote the differentiation of adipose tissue-derived stem cells (ADSCs) to Schwann cells (SCs), leading to improvement of erectile function (EF) and providing a realistic therapeutic option for the treatment of erectile dysfunction (ED). However, the underlying molecular mechanisms of ADSCs and ICAII in this process remain largely unclear. METHODS: ADSCs were treated with different concentrations of ICAII. Cell proliferation was determined by MTT assay. qRT-PCR and western blot were performed to detect expressions of SCs markers, signal transducer and activator of transcription-3 (STAT3), and microRNA-let-7i (let-7i). Luciferase reporter assay was conducted to verify the regulatory relationship between let-7i and STAT3. The detection of intracavernosal pressure (ICP) and the ratio of ICP/mean arterial pressure (MAP) were used to evaluate the EF in bilateral cavernous nerve injury (BCNI) rat models. RESULTS: ICAII promoted cell proliferation of ADSCs in a dose-dependent manner. The mRNA and protein levels of SCs markers were increased by ICAII treatment in a dose-dependent manner in ADSCs. Moreover, let-7i was significantly decreased in ICAII-treated ADSCs and upregulation of let-7i attenuated ICAII-induced promotion of SCs markers. In addition, STAT3 was a direct target of let-7i and upregulated in ICAII-treated ADSCs. Interestingly, overexpression of STAT3 abated the let-7i-mediated inhibition effect on differentiation of ADSCs to SCs and rescued the ICAII-mediated promotion effect on it. Besides, combination treatment of ADSCs and ICAII preserved the EF of BCNI rat models, which was undermined by let-7i overexpression. CONCLUSION: ICAII was effective for preserving EF by promoting the differentiation of ADSCs to SCs via modulating let-7i/STAT3 pathway.


Assuntos
Tecido Adiposo/citologia , Diferenciação Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Disfunção Erétil/tratamento farmacológico , Flavonoides/farmacologia , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/efeitos dos fármacos , Células de Schwann/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Western Blotting , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Masculino , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Transfecção
2.
Biol Res ; 52(1): 52, 2019 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31540582

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been reported to be associated with dermis process during burn wound healing. This study aimed to investigate the role of lncRNA X-inactive specific transcript (XIST) in human skin fibroblasts (HSF) and extracellular matrix (ECM) as well as the regulatory network of XIST/microRNA-29b-3p (miR-29b-3p)/collagen 1 alpha 1 (COL1A1). METHODS: The wound samples were collected from 25 patients with deep partial thickness burn at day 5 after burn. The thermal injured model was established using HSF cells. The expressions of XIST, miR-29b-3p and COL1A1 were measured by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction and western blot. ECM synthesis, cell proliferation and migration were detected by western blot, cell counting kit-8 and trans-well assays, respectively. The interaction between miR-29b-3p and XIST or COL1A1 was explored by bioinformatics analysis and luciferase reporter assay. RESULTS: The expressions of XIST and COL1A1 were enhanced but miR-29b-3p expression was decreased after thermal injury. XIST overexpression promoted ECM synthesis, cell proliferation and migration in thermal injured HSF cells. However, XIST knockdown played an opposite effect. miR-29b-3p overexpression inhibited ECM synthesis, cell proliferation and migration, which was reversed by XIST. COL1A1 silence suppressed ECM synthesis, cell proliferation and migration by miR-29b-3p targeting. Moreover, COL1A1 up-regulation weakened the effect of XIST silence on ECM synthesis and HSF cell function. CONCLUSION: XIST promoted ECM synthesis, cell proliferation and migration by sponging miR-29b-3p and targeting COL1A1 in HSF cells after thermal injury, indicating the promoting role of XIST in wound healing.


Assuntos
Queimaduras/metabolismo , Matriz Extracelular/metabolismo , Fibroblastos/metabolismo , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , Western Blotting , Queimaduras/genética , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Matriz Extracelular/genética , Humanos , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real
3.
Biol Res ; 52(1): 53, 2019 Sep 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31542051

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Oxidative stress is the hallmark of diabetic encephalopathy, which may be caused by hyperglycaemic toxicity. We aimed to discover pharmacologic targets to restore redox homeostasis. We identified the transcription factor Nrf2 as such a target. METHODS: HT22 cells were cultured in 25 or 50 mM D-glucose with various concentrations of sulforaphane (SFN) (from 1.25 to 5.0 µM). Cell viability was tested with the Cell Counting Kit-8 assay. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) production was detected with an inverted fluorescence microscope using the dichlorodihydrofluorescein-diacetate fluorescent probe. The expression of NF-E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2), haem oxygenase-1 (HO-1) and nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) at the mRNA and protein levels was detected by reverse transcription quantitative polymerase chain reaction and western blotting. RESULT: We found that a high glucose concentration (50 mM) increased the generation of ROS, downregulated the expression of Nrf2/HO-1 and upregulated the expression of NF-κB. Moreover, HT22 cell viability significantly decreased after culture in high-glucose medium for 24, 48 and 72 h, whereas the activation of the Nrf2/HO-1 pathway using a pharmacological Nrf2 activator abrogated this high-glucose-induced toxicity. CONCLUSION: This study suggests that the activation of the Nrf2-ARE signalling pathway might be a therapeutic target for the treatment of diabetic encephalopathy.


Assuntos
Glucose/toxicidade , Hipocampo/efeitos dos fármacos , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/agonistas , Neuroproteção , Animais , Western Blotting , Linhagem Celular , Eletroforese em Gel de Campo Pulsado , Imunofluorescência , Hipocampo/citologia , Camundongos , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Via Transcriptase Reversa , Fatores de Tempo
4.
Braz J Med Biol Res ; 52(9): e8551, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31482977

RESUMO

Fibroblasts are a highly heterogeneous population of cells, being found in a large number of different tissues. These cells produce the extracellular matrix, which is essential to preserve structural integrity of connective tissues. Fibroblasts are frequently engaged in migration and remodeling, exerting traction forces in the extracellular matrix, which is crucial for matrix deposition and wound healing. In addition, previous studies performed on primary myoblasts suggest that the E3 ligase MuRF2 might function as a cytoskeleton adaptor. Here, we hypothesized that MuRF2 also plays a functional role in skeletal muscle fibroblasts. We found that skeletal muscle fibroblasts express MuRF2 and its siRNA knock-down promoted decreased fibroblast migration, cell border accumulation of polymerized actin, and down-regulation of the phospho-Akt expression. Our results indicated that MuRF2 was necessary to maintain the actin cytoskeleton functionality in skeletal muscle fibroblasts via Akt activity and exerted an important role in extracellular matrix remodeling in the skeletal muscle tissue.


Assuntos
Diferenciação Celular/fisiologia , Proliferação de Células/fisiologia , Fibroblastos/fisiologia , Proteínas Musculares/fisiologia , Músculo Esquelético/fisiologia , Ubiquitina-Proteína Ligases/fisiologia , Animais , Western Blotting , Fibroblastos/metabolismo , Imunofluorescência , Camundongos , Proteínas Musculares/metabolismo , Músculo Esquelético/metabolismo , Ubiquitina-Proteína Ligases/metabolismo
5.
Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz ; 114: e190147, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31553371

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Calpains are proteins belonging to the multi-gene family of calcium-dependent cysteine peptidases that undergo tight on/off regulation, and uncontrolled proteolysis of calpains is associated with severe human pathologies. Calpain orthologues are expanded and diversified in the trypanosomatids genome. OBJECTIVES: Here, we characterised calpains in Leishmania braziliensis, the main causative agent of cutaneous leishmaniasis in Brazil. METHODS/FINDINGS: In total, 34 predicted calpain-like genes were identified. After domain structure evaluation, reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) during in vitro metacyclogenesis revealed (i) five genes with enhanced expression in the procyclic stage, (ii) one augmented gene in the metacyclic stage, and (iii) one procyclic-exclusive transcript. Western blot analysis revealed that an antibody against a consensus-conserved peptide reacted with multiple calpain-like proteins, which is consistent with the multi-gene family characteristic. Flow cytometry and immunocytochemistry analyses revealed the presence of calpain-like molecules mainly in the cytoplasm, to a lesser extent in the plasma membrane, and negligible levels in the nucleus, which are all consistent with calpain localisation. Eventually, the calpain inhibitor MDL28170 was used for functional studies revealing (i) a leishmaniostatic effect, (ii) a reduction in the association index in mouse macrophages, (iii) ultra-structural alterations conceivable with autophagy, and (iv) an enhanced expression of the virulence factor GP63. CONCLUSION: This report adds novel insights into the domain structure, expression, and localisation of L. braziliensis calpain-like molecules.


Assuntos
Calpaína/genética , Genoma de Protozoário/genética , Leishmania braziliensis/química , Macrófagos Peritoneais/metabolismo , Animais , Western Blotting , Calpaína/efeitos dos fármacos , Calpaína/metabolismo , Calpaína/ultraestrutura , Inibidores de Cisteína Proteinase/farmacologia , Dipeptídeos/farmacologia , Citometria de Fluxo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Imuno-Histoquímica , Leishmania braziliensis/genética , Leishmania braziliensis/metabolismo , Leishmania braziliensis/ultraestrutura , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Microscopia Eletrônica de Transmissão , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Via Transcriptase Reversa , Fatores de Virulência
6.
Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke Za Zhi ; 54(9): 601-607, 2019 Sep 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31550776

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the pathways of preeclampsia by investigating different effects of pravastatin (Pra) on and soluble FMS tyrosine kinase-1 (sFlt-1), placental growth factor (PlGF) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in different preeclampsia (PE)-like mouse models. Methods: C57BL/6J mice were randomly subcutaneously injected with N-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME) or intraperitoneally injected with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) as PE-like mouse model, saline as normal pregnancy control (Con) respectively, daily at gestational 7-18 days. Pra was given daily at gestational 8-18 days in each model group and the mice were divided into Pra (L-NAME+Pra, LPS+Pra, Con+Pra) and saline (L-NAME+NS, LPS+NS, Con+NS) groups. Liver,placental tissue and blood of pregnant mice were collected on the 18th day of pregnancy. The levels of VEGF, PlGF and sFlt-1 in the liver, placenta and serum of mice in each group were compared by western blot, ELISA and real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR (RT-PCR). Results: (1) ELISA: Serum VEGF (205.70±3.43, 154.60±2.31) and PlGF (131.5±3.75, 101.50±4.31) levels were significantly increased in L-NAME+Pra group compared with L-NAME+NS group (all P<0.05). Serum VEGF (202.30±4.90, 144.50±6.71) and PlGF (121.50±3.86, 95.41±4.08) levels were significantly higher in LPS+Pra group than those in LPS+NS group (all P<0.05). Serum sFlt-1 level in LPS+Pra group was significantly lower than that in LPS+NS group (3.01±0.50, 776.60±80.06), serum sFlt-1 level in L-NAME+Pra group was significantly lower than that in L-NAME+NS group (2.60±0.06, 583.70±9.83; all P<0.05). (2) Western blot: the expression levels of PlGF (1.344±0.118, 0.664±0.143) and VEGF (1.34±0.12, 0.66±0.14) in the liver of mice in the L-NAME+Pra group were significantly higher than those in the L-NAME+NS group (all P<0.05), but the expression levels of PlGF and VEGF in the placenta of L-NAME+Pra group were not significantly different from those of L-NAME+NS group (all P>0.05). The expression levels of PlGF and VEGF in placenta and liver of pregnant mice in LPS+Pra group were not significantly different from those in LPS+N group (all P>0.05). (3) RT-PCR: the mRNA expression of PlGF and VEGF in placenta and liver of L-NAME+Pra group were not significantly different from those in L-NAME+NS group (all P>0.05). The mRNA expression levels of PlGF and VEGF in placenta and liver of LPS+Pra group were not significantly different from those of LPS+NS group (all P>0.05). Conclusions: Pra has different regulatory effects on vascular endothelial function in different PE-like models. It reveals that different pathogenesis and pathways exist in different PE-like changes.


Assuntos
Fator de Crescimento Placentário/efeitos dos fármacos , Pravastatina/uso terapêutico , Pré-Eclâmpsia/tratamento farmacológico , Proteínas Recombinantes de Fusão/efeitos dos fármacos , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Anticolesterolemiantes/farmacologia , Biomarcadores/sangue , Western Blotting , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Feminino , Humanos , Inibidores de Hidroximetilglutaril-CoA Redutases/farmacologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Placenta , Fator de Crescimento Placentário/sangue , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Pravastatina/farmacologia , Pré-Eclâmpsia/sangue , Gravidez , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Proteínas Recombinantes de Fusão/sangue , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/sangue
7.
Xi Bao Yu Fen Zi Mian Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 35(7): 653-658, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31537250

RESUMO

Objective To produce rabbit polyclonal antibodies against human retinol-binding protein (RBP). Methods RBP cDNA was amplified by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and then the amplified products were inserted into prokaryotic expression vector pET-28a(+) to construct recombinant plasmid pET-28a(+)-RBP. The established plasmid was then transformed into E. coli. Isopropylthio-ß-D-thiogalactoside (IPTG) was used to induce the expression of recombinant protein His-RBP in E. coli. The expression products were identified by SDS-PAGE from different clones of E. coli to screen positive bacteria, followed by amplifying culture. His-RBP protein was purified from the expression products of positive clones. The purified recombinant His-RBP was used to immunize New Zealand white rabbits. Antisera were acquired after four times of booster immunization. The prepared purified polyclonal antibodies were identified by SDS-PAGE, ELISA and Western blotting. Results We successfully constructed the recombinant plasmid pET-28a(+)-RBP, and acquired recombinant protein His-RBP of high purity. ELISA showed that the antibody titer reached 1:512 000. Conclusion The rabbit polyclonal antibodies against human RBP have been successfully prepared.


Assuntos
Anticorpos/metabolismo , Escherichia coli , Proteínas de Ligação ao Retinol/biossíntese , Animais , Western Blotting , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Vetores Genéticos , Humanos , Plasmídeos , Coelhos
8.
Ann Agric Environ Med ; 26(3): 392-395, 2019 Sep 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31559791

RESUMO

Existing research for using the protective antigen (PA) of Bacillus anthracis as a vaccine component shows that protection against anthrax may be obtained using fragments of this protein. The aim of the research is to check whether the selected protein fragment of the protective antigen (domain 4) encoded by an appropriate nucleotide sequence of gene pag of B. anthracis, was expressed in the bacterial system of E. coli. In order to examine the selected sequence of the pag gene, a PCR reaction and a highly effective TOPO cloning strategy were used, followed by purification of the recombinant proteins and their detection by a western-blot method. In the planning of the PA4 antigen expression a higher level of effectiveness in production of small protein - domain 4 - was anticipated. As a result, the 139 amino acids protein fragment of B. anthracis PA (domain 4) was isolated. The research may have found the basis for in vivo research aimed at finding potential anthrax vaccine components.


Assuntos
Vacinas contra Antraz/imunologia , Antraz/microbiologia , Antígenos de Bactérias/imunologia , Bacillus anthracis/imunologia , Toxinas Bacterianas/imunologia , Animais , Antraz/imunologia , Antraz/prevenção & controle , Vacinas contra Antraz/administração & dosagem , Vacinas contra Antraz/genética , Vacinas contra Antraz/isolamento & purificação , Anticorpos Antibacterianos/imunologia , Anticorpos Neutralizantes/imunologia , Antígenos de Bactérias/administração & dosagem , Antígenos de Bactérias/genética , Antígenos de Bactérias/isolamento & purificação , Bacillus anthracis/química , Bacillus anthracis/genética , Toxinas Bacterianas/administração & dosagem , Toxinas Bacterianas/genética , Toxinas Bacterianas/isolamento & purificação , Western Blotting , Escherichia coli/genética , Escherichia coli/metabolismo , Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Imunização , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Domínios Proteicos
9.
Exp Parasitol ; 205: 107737, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31401060

RESUMO

Monoclonal antibodies have a wide range of applications in basic and applied research as well as in the medical and pharmaceutical industries. Phage display antibody libraries offer an alternative to hybridoma technology for the generation of monoclonal antibodies and can be applied to high-throughput screening and facilitate the generation of novel antibodies. Despite their utility in several fields of research there has been limited application of antibody libraries in the study of trematode parasites. Fasciola hepatica causes considerable loss to the agriculture sector and is also a human pathogen. The parasite's excretory/secretory material contains numerous molecules that facilitate its invasion and survival within the mammalian host, including cathepsin B and L proteases. F. hepatica cathepsin B2 is expressed during the initial weeks of infection and has suspected roles in immune evasion and as a digestive enzyme in the parasite's gut; it is considered a good target for vaccination or therapeutic inhibitors. In this study, we produced a single-chain variable fragment (scFv) phage display library from naïve mice. The library was used to identify several scFv that can bind to antigens from adult F. hepatica homogenate, and a scFv that can bind to F. hepatica cathepsin B2. The results highlight the potential applicability of such a library to facilitate the study of F. hepatica and other parasites. This is the first report of the application of a naïve phage display antibody library to the study of F. hepatica.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Anti-Helmínticos/metabolismo , Antígenos de Helmintos/imunologia , Fasciola hepatica/imunologia , Anticorpos de Cadeia Única/metabolismo , Animais , Anticorpos Monoclonais/metabolismo , Western Blotting , Catepsinas/imunologia , Técnicas de Visualização da Superfície Celular , Eletroforese em Gel de Ágar , Eletroforese em Gel de Poliacrilamida , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Camundongos , Modelos Moleculares , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase
10.
World J Microbiol Biotechnol ; 35(8): 127, 2019 Aug 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31375931

RESUMO

Aeromonas hydrophila is a Gram-negative bacterium that causes serious infections in aquaculture and exhibits significant multidrug resistance. The LysR-type transcriptional regulator (LTTR) family proteins are a well-known group of transcriptional regulators involved in diverse physiological functions. However, the role of LTTRs in the regulation of bacterial resistance to antibiotics is still largely unknown. In this study, to further investigate the role of four putative LTTR family proteins (A0KIU1, A0KJ82, A0KPK0, and A0KQ63) in antibiotic resistance in A. hydrophila, their genes were cloned and overexpressed in engineered Escherichia coli. After the optimization of experimental conditions including incubation time, temperature, and IPTG concentration, these proteins were successfully purified, and their specific antibodies against mice were obtained. Using western blot analysis, we found that these LTTR family proteins were downregulated in A. hydrophila following antibiotic treatment, indicating that they may be involved in the regulation of antibiotic resistance. Additionally, minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) assays of chloramphenicol (CM), chlortetracycline (CTC), ciprofloxacin (CF), furazolidone (FZ), and balofloxacin (BF) in E. coli showed that overexpression of these LTTRs led to increased sensitivity to several antibiotics. To further validate their functional role in antibiotic resistance, we demonstrated that bacteria with loss of A0KQ63 (ΔAHA_3980) exhibited multi-drug resistance properties. Our results indicate that these LTTR family proteins may play an important role in the antibiotic resistance of A. hydrophila, and the that underlying mechanisms controlling antibiotic resistance should be further investigated.


Assuntos
Aeromonas hydrophila/efeitos dos fármacos , Aeromonas hydrophila/genética , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana , Regulação Bacteriana da Expressão Gênica , Genes Reguladores , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Animais , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Proteínas de Bactérias/genética , Western Blotting , Clonagem Molecular , Escherichia coli/efeitos dos fármacos , Escherichia coli/genética , Escherichia coli/metabolismo , Deleção de Genes , Expressão Gênica , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Genes Bacterianos , Camundongos , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Fatores de Transcrição/análise , Fatores de Transcrição/genética
11.
Acta Cir Bras ; 34(6): e201900604, 2019 Aug 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31432995

RESUMO

PURPOSE: In view of the principal role of Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) in mediating sterile inflammatory response contributing to osteoarthritis (OA) pathogenesis, we used lipopolysaccharide (LPS), a known TLR4 activator, to clarify whether modulation of TLR4 contributed to the protective actions of intra-articular administration of curcumin in a classical rat OA model surgically induced by anterior cruciate ligament transection (ACLT). METHODS: The rats underwent ACLT and received 50µl of curcumin at the concentration of 1 mg mL-1 and 10 µg LPS by intra-articular injection once a week for 8 weeks. Morphological changes of the cartilage and synovial tissues were observed. Apoptotic chondrocytes were detected using TUNEL assay. The concentrations of IL-1ß and TNF-ɑ in synovial fluid were determined using ELISA kits. The mRNA and protein expression levels of TLR4 and NF-κB p65 were detected by real-time PCR and Western blotting, respectively. RESULTS: Intra-articular administration of curcumin significantly improved articular cartilage injury, suppressed synovial inflammation and down-regulated the overexpression of TLR4 and its downstream NF-κB caused by LPS-induced TLR4 activation in rat osteoarthritic knees. CONCLUSION: The data suggested that the inhibition of TLR4 signal might be an important mechanism underlying a protective effect of local curcumin administration on OA.


Assuntos
Ligamento Cruzado Anterior/cirurgia , Curcumina/farmacologia , Osteoartrite/prevenção & controle , Receptor 4 Toll-Like/metabolismo , Animais , Ligamento Cruzado Anterior/patologia , Western Blotting , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Injeções Intra-Articulares , Interleucina-1beta/metabolismo , Lipopolissacarídeos , Masculino , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Osteoartrite/induzido quimicamente , Osteoartrite/metabolismo , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Ratos , Receptor 4 Toll-Like/efeitos dos fármacos , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo
12.
Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz ; 114: e180593, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31433004

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cardiac physiology depends on coupling and electrical and mechanical coordination through the intercalated disc. Focal adhesions offer mechanical support and signal transduction events during heart contraction-relaxation processes. Talin links integrins to the actin cytoskeleton and serves as a scaffold for the recruitment of other proteins, such as paxillin in focal adhesion formation and regulation. Chagasic cardiomyopathy is caused by infection by Trypanosoma cruzi and is a debilitating condition comprising extensive fibrosis, inflammation, cardiac hypertrophy and electrical alterations that culminate in heart failure. OBJECTIVES: Since mechanotransduction coordinates heart function, we evaluated the underlying mechanism implicated in the mechanical changes, focusing especially in mechanosensitive proteins and related signalling pathways during infection of cardiac cells by T. cruzi. METHODS: We investigated the effect of T. cruzi infection on the expression and distribution of talin/paxillin and associated proteins in mouse cardiomyocytes in vitro by western blotting, immunofluorescence and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). FINDINGS: Talin and paxillin spatial distribution in T. cruzi-infected cardiomyocytes in vitro were altered associated with a downregulation of these proteins and mRNAs levels at 72 h post-infection (hpi). Additionally, we observed an increase in the activation of the focal adhesion kinase (FAK) concomitant with increase in ß-1-integrin at 24 hpi. Finally, we detected a decrease in the activation of FAK at 72 hpi in T. cruzi-infected cultures. MAIN CONCLUSION: The results suggest that these changes may contribute to the mechanotransduction disturbance evidenced in chagasic cardiomyopathy.


Assuntos
Cardiomiopatia Chagásica/metabolismo , Miócitos Cardíacos/parasitologia , Paxilina/metabolismo , Talina/metabolismo , Trypanosoma cruzi/fisiologia , Animais , Western Blotting , Técnica Indireta de Fluorescência para Anticorpo , Immunoblotting , Mecanotransdução Celular/fisiologia , Camundongos , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real
13.
MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep ; 68(32): 703, 2019 Aug 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31415492

RESUMO

Lyme disease is a tickborne zoonosis for which serologic testing is the principal means of laboratory diagnosis. In 1994, the Association of State and Territorial Public Health Laboratory Directors, CDC, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), the National Institutes of Health (NIH), the Council of State and Territorial Epidemiologists, and the National Committee for Clinical Laboratory Standards convened the Second National Conference on Serologic Diagnosis of Lyme Disease (1).


Assuntos
Doença de Lyme/diagnóstico , Testes Sorológicos/normas , Western Blotting , Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (U.S.) , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Humanos , Doença de Lyme/sangue , Testes Sorológicos/métodos , Estados Unidos , United States Food and Drug Administration
14.
Sheng Wu Gong Cheng Xue Bao ; 35(8): 1529-1536, 2019 Aug 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31441624

RESUMO

A chimeric antigen designated B103 containing six immunodominant regions derived from three structural proteins of Rubella virus (RV) was designed and its utility in serological diagnosis was assessed. Protein B103 is comprised of aa 1-30 & aa 96-123 of C protein, aa 31-105 of E2 protein, as well as aa 11-39, aa 154-277 & aa 389-412 of E1 protein. In addition, it contains thioredoxin (TRX) at the N-terminal and His tag at the C-terminal. B103 was expressed in Escherichia coli BL21(DE3) and purified by Streamline Chelating affinity and DEAE anion exchange chromatography. Based on the antigenicity of B103 as verified by Western blotting analysis, we constructed and evaluated a novel capture ELISA for RV-IgM detection. B103 was expressed in a soluble form, accounting for 18.57% of the total bacterial proteins. After purification, the concentration and purity of protein B103 were 3.026 mg/mL and 95.35%, respectively. Western blotting analysis demonstrated that protein B103 could react with acute-phase serum of RV. By ELISA, 40 negative sera and 40 RV-acute phase sera were detected. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value and coincidence rate of the ELISA were 92.50%, 95.00%, 94.87%, 92.68% and 93.75%, respectively. The McNemer analysis suggested that there was no statistical difference between the 'Gold standard' and the novel ELISA with a kappa coefficient of 0.900, indicating excellent consistency. B103 chimeric protein with excellent antigenicity obtained from prokaryotic expression followed by chromatography purification could prove useful for early diagnosis of RV infection.


Assuntos
Epitopos Imunodominantes , Vírus da Rubéola , Western Blotting , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Imunoglobulina M
15.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 27(4): 1013-1019, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31418350

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of silencing LNK gene on the expression of EPO and EPOR in acute myeloid leukemia cells (THP-1). METHODS: THP-1 cells were cultured. The lentivirus was used as a vector to silence the LNK gene stably. After 72 hours of infection, GFP expression level was detected by the fluorescent inverted microscopy. The lentiviral Infection efficiencies were monitored by flow cytometry. The LNK silencing effect was confirmed. The mRNA expressions of EPO and EPOR were detected by RT-PCR. The protein levels of LNK, EPO and EPOR were detected by Western blot. RESULTS: At the time-point of 72 hours after lentivirus infection, the expression level of GFP was above 85% detected by fluorescent inverted microscopy. The infection efficiency was above 99% by flow cytometry. mRNA expressions of LNK, EPO and EPOR in LNK silencing group were signifycantly lower than those in control group (P<0.05). The protein levels of LNK, EPO and EPOR in LNK silencing group were significantly lower than those in the control group (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: THP-1 cell line of LNK gene silencing has been successfully established,the LNK gene has been silenced, the expression of EPO and EPOR decrease, indicating that LNK may participate in the regulation of EPO and EPOR.


Assuntos
Proteínas/genética , Western Blotting , Eritropoetina , Inativação Gênica , Humanos , Receptores da Eritropoetina , Células THP-1
16.
Life Sci ; 232: 116649, 2019 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31301415

RESUMO

AIMS: To investigate the potential biological role of E2F6 and its underlying molecular mechanism in gastric carcinoma (GC) progression. MAIN METHODS: The expressions of cancer susceptibility candidate 2 (CASC2), E2F6 and matrix metalloprotein-2 (MMP-2) were measured by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction and western blotting. The inhibitory effect of E2F6 on CASC2 was evaluated using luciferase reporter assay. Cell growth was assessed by colony formation assay and cell counting kit-8. Cell invasion and apoptosis were measured by transwell assay and flow cytometry assay, respectively. In vivo tumorigenicity was assessed by tumor xenografts in nude mice. KEY FINDINGS: Our data revealed that CASC2 was downregulated while E2F6 was upregulated in GC tissues and cell lines. Remarkably, lower expression of CASC2 was associated with poor survival in GC patients. E2F6 inhibited the expression of CASC2. Subsequently, reliable data showed that downregulation of E2F6 suppressed the proliferation and invasion, and promoted the apoptosis of GC cells. Furthermore, downregulation of E2F6 decreased the expression of MMP-2 and increased the activity of caspase-3. However, these changes triggered by E2F6 knockdown could be reversed by inhibition of CASC2. Moreover, we also proved that downregulation of CASC2 reverses the effect of E2F6 knockdown on tumor growth in vivo. SIGNIFICANCE: Our data demonstrated that E2F6 could regulate the proliferation, invasion and apoptosis of GC cells via inhibiting the expression of CASC2, suggesting that E2F6/CASC2 axis is another regulator of GC progression.


Assuntos
Regulação para Baixo/fisiologia , Fator de Transcrição E2F6/fisiologia , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Neoplasias Gástricas/genética , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Proteínas Supressoras de Tumor/genética , Animais , Western Blotting , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Progressão da Doença , Xenoenxertos , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus , Prognóstico , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Regulação para Cima
17.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 41(7): 508-515, 2019 Jul 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31357837

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the expression levels and the mechanism of miR-126 and insulin like growth factor 1 receptor (IGF1R) in gastric cancer tissues and cells. Methods: The expression levels of miR-126 and IGF1R in 60 gastric cancer tissues and matched normal gastric tissues were detected by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and western blot, respectively. The association of miR-126 expression with clinicopathology and prognosis of gastric cancer patients was further analyzed. CCK-8, soft agar assay, transwell assay were used to analyze the proliferation and invasion capacity of gastric cancer cells, respectively, while the dual luciferase reporter assay was used to determine the direct target of miR-126. Results: The expression of miR-126 was obviously correlated with lymphatic metastasis, distant metastasis and TNM stage of gastric cancer (all P<0.05). Cox multivariate analysis revealed that lymphatic metastasis, TNM stage, miR-126 and IGF-1R expression were independent risk factors for prognosis of gastric cancer patients (all P<0.05). The expression level of miR-126 in gastric cancer tissues was 2.01±0.23 significantly lower than 10.12±2.15 of normal gastric tissues (P<0.05). CCK-8 result showed that the absorbance values of MKN28 and BGC823 cells at 72 hours after transfected with miR-126 mimics were 1.06±0.05 and 1.01±0.09, respectively, significantly lower than 1.55±0.12 and 1.36±0.12 of the control group (all P<0.05). The clone numbers of MKN28 and BGC823 cells transfected with miR-126 mimics formed in the soft agar were 33±9 and 29±8, respectively, significantly lower than 76±13 and 71±11 of the control group (all P<0.05). Transwell assay showed that the invasived number of MKN28 and BGC823 cells transfected by miR-126 mimics was 98±12 and 89±8, respectively, significantly lower than 154±18 and 161±17 of the control group (all P<0.05). Double luciferase assay further clarified that miR-126 the 3'-untranslated region (3'-UTR) of IGF-1R, and inhibited its protein expression. CCK-8 results showed that overexpression of IGF-1R partially reversed the miR-126 induced proliferation inhibition in MKN28 (1.65±0.14 v. s. 0.98±0.11, P=0.003) and BGC823 cells (1.44 ±0.15 v. s. 0.89±0.10; P=0.006). Likewise, overexpression of IGF-1R partially reversed the miR-126-inhibited invasion of MKN28 (176±19 v. s. 101±14, P=0.005) and BGC823 cells (186±21 v. s. 92±9, P=0.002). Moreover, the inhibitory effects of miR-126 on proliferation were aggravated by silencing of IGF-1R in MKN28 (0.67±0.09 v. s. 0.99±0.12, P=0.021) and BGC823 cells (0.57±0.07 v. s. 0.92±0.12, P=0.012). Conclusion: miR-126 suppresses the proliferation and invasion of gastric cancer cells through targeting the 3'-UTR of IGF-1R and inhibiting its expression.


Assuntos
Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Receptor IGF Tipo 1/metabolismo , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Western Blotting , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/fisiologia , Proliferação de Células/fisiologia , Regulação para Baixo , Humanos , MicroRNAs/antagonistas & inibidores , MicroRNAs/genética , Invasividade Neoplásica , Receptor IGF Tipo 1/antagonistas & inibidores , Receptor IGF Tipo 1/genética , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Via Transcriptase Reversa , Neoplasias Gástricas/genética
18.
Life Sci ; 232: 116626, 2019 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31276688

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the role of the suppressor of activator protein-1 regulated by interferon (SARI), in the development and progression of prostate cancer. METHODS: Sixty-seven prostate cancer tissue specimens and 20 benign prostatic hyperplasia specimens were used to investigate the correlation between SARI expression and clinicopathologic parameters. Immunohistochemistry was used to detect the SARI and E-cadherin protein expression in the prostate cancer and benign prostatic hyperplasia specimens, and their correlation was established. Quantitative PCR (qPCR) was used to determine the SARI mRNA expression in a normal prostate cell line (RWPE-1) and prostate cancer cell lines (LNCaP and PC3). Western blotting was used to detect the SARI protein expression in the RWPE-1, LNCaP, and PC3 cell lines. RESULTS: SARI protein expression did not correlate with the prostate cancer patients' age or serum Prostate-Specific Antigen value but did show a correlation with the tumor stage of prostate cancer and Gleason score. SARI and E-cadherin expression in the prostate cancer tissue was significantly lower than in the benign prostatic hyperplasia specimens, suggesting a positive correlation between the SARI and E-cadherin expression. SARI mRNA and protein were highly expressed in RWPE-1, the normal prostate cell line, but SARI mRNA and protein expression were reduced in the prostate cancer cell lines, LNCaP and PC3. Significant differences in the expression were found between the prostate cancer cell lines and the normal prostate cell line. CONCLUSION: In this study, high SARI expression was found to be negatively correlated with the development and progression of prostate cancer.


Assuntos
Fatores de Transcrição de Zíper de Leucina Básica/genética , Fatores de Transcrição de Zíper de Leucina Básica/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Próstata/genética , Proteínas Supressoras de Tumor/genética , Proteínas Supressoras de Tumor/metabolismo , Idoso , Western Blotting , Caderinas/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células , Progressão da Doença , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/genética , Glicogênio Sintase Quinase 3 beta/metabolismo , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Interferons/metabolismo , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gradação de Tumores , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Próstata/citologia , Próstata/patologia , Hiperplasia Prostática/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Próstata/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Próstata/patologia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro/genética , Fator de Transcrição AP-1/metabolismo , beta Catenina/metabolismo
19.
Int Heart J ; 60(4): 964-973, 2019 07 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31257333

RESUMO

Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is a serious heart disease and the main reason for heart failure and sudden death worldwide. This study investigated the effects of polysaccharides from Enteromorpha prolifera (PEP) on AMI in vitro and in vivo, as well as the underlying mechanisms.Human cardiac microvascular endothelial cells (HCMVEC) were cultured in vitro in an oxygen-glucose deprivation (OGD) environment to induce injury. The viability and apoptosis of HCMVEC were then detected using CCK-8 assay and Annexin V-FITC/PI staining, respectively. ELISA was performed to measure the concentrations of inflammatory cytokines. Cell transfection was conducted to reduce the expression of HIF-1α. Expression of key factors involving in cell proliferation, apoptosis, autophagy, MEK/ERK, and the NF-κB and mTOR pathways were evaluated using Western blotting. In vivo, Wistar rats were pre-treated by PEP and AMI was induced. The infarct size and cardiac functions (LVEDD, LVEF and LVFS) were measured.In vitro, PEP treatment significantly protected HCMVEC from OGD-induced viability loss, proliferation inhibition, apoptosis, inflammatory cytokine expression, and autophagy. Moreover, PEP enhanced the expression of HIF-1α in HCMVEC via the MEK/ERK pathway. HIF-1α participated in the protective effects of PEP on OGD-treated HCMVEC. Furthermore, PEP attenuated OGD-induced NF-κB pathway activation and promoted the mTOR pathway in HCMVEC. In vivo, PEP pre-treatment reduced the infarct size and enhanced the LVEDD, LVEF and LVFS of rats via up-regulation of HIF-1α.PEP ameliorated AMI in vitro and in vivo through up-regulation of HIF-1α. In vitro, PEP could activate the MEK/ERK and mTOR pathways, but inactivate the NF-κB pathway in OGD-treated HCMVEC.


Assuntos
Subunidade alfa do Fator 1 Induzível por Hipóxia/genética , Infarto do Miocárdio/genética , Polissacarídeos Bacterianos/farmacologia , RNA/genética , Regulação para Cima , Animais , Apoptose , Western Blotting , Proliferação de Células , Sobrevivência Celular , Células Cultivadas , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Humanos , Subunidade alfa do Fator 1 Induzível por Hipóxia/biossíntese , Masculino , Infarto do Miocárdio/metabolismo , Infarto do Miocárdio/patologia , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Transdução de Sinais
20.
Biol Res ; 52(1): 38, 2019 Jul 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31349873

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Breast cancer is the second common malignant cancer among females worldwide. Accumulating studies have indicated that deregulation of miRNA expression in breast cancer will contribute to tumorigenesis and form different cancer subtypes. However, the reported studies on miR-29b-3p-regulated breast cancer are limited so far. Herein, we investigated the role and mechanism of miR-29b-3p in the triple negative breast cancer cell line MDA-MB-231. METHODS: The relative miR-29b-3p expression in different breast cancer cell lines were determined by qRT-PCR. CCK8 and colony formation assay were used to determine the influence of miR-29b-3p on cell proliferation. Migration assay and invasion assay were performed for cell migration and invasion respectively. To study the cell integrity immunofluorescence was performed. TUNEL assay, flow cytometry assay, hoechst staining and western blot were conducted to determine the influence of miR-29b-3p inhibitor on cell apoptosis. TRAF3 was found to be the target gene of miR-29b-3p using bioinformatics predictions. Dual-luciferase assay was performed to determine the relative luciferase activity in NC, miR-29b-3p mimic, miR-29b-3p inhibitor with TRAF3 3'-UTR wt or TRAF3 3'-UTR mt reporter plasmids. The proteins expression of NF-κB signaling pathway in MDA-MB-231 after transfection with NC, miR-29b-3p mimic, miR-29b-3p inhibitor were determined by western blot. RESULTS: The miR-29b-3p expression was significantly increased in MDA-MB-231 compare with MCF-10A. miR-29b-3p inhibitor reduced the cell viability of MDA-MB-231 and inhibited cell migration and invasion. Cell cytoskeleton integrity destroyed after miR-29b-3p inhibitor treatment. Furthermore, we identified the mechanism and found miR-29b-3p targets the TRAF3 and activates NF-κB signaling pathway. CONCLUSIONS: From the above studies, our results indicated that miR-29b-3p acts as a promoter for the development of MDA-MB-231.


Assuntos
Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Regulação para Baixo/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Fator 3 Associado a Receptor de TNF/metabolismo , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/genética , Western Blotting , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células , Feminino , Humanos , Luciferases/metabolismo , Fator 3 Associado a Receptor de TNF/genética , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/patologia
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