Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 2.129
Filtrar
1.
Food Chem ; 366: 130527, 2022 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34284186

RESUMO

A novel dual quantum dot nanobeads-based fluorescence-linked immunosorbent assay (QBs-FLISA) was successfully developed for simultaneously detecting aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) and zearalenone (ZEN) in feedstuffs. Dual CdSe/ZnS quantum dot nanobeads with different diameters that emit red and green fluorescence were conjugated with anti-AFB1 and anti-ZEN monoclonal antibodies to prepare fluorescent probes, which greatly enhance analytical performance. Under the optimal conditions, the limits of detection for AFB1 and ZEN were 9.3 and 102.1 pg mL-1, respectively. The recoveries ranged from 82.50% to 116.21% with relative standard deviation less than 11.3%. Compared with traditional enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, detection sensitivities of AFB1 and ZEN using QBs-FLISA were increased 20 and 5 folds, respectively. In addition, results of feedstuff samples analyzed by QBs-FLISA and liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry showed a good agreement (R2 = 0.99).


Assuntos
Pontos Quânticos , Zearalenona , Aflatoxina B1/análise , Contaminação de Alimentos/análise , Imunoadsorventes , Limite de Detecção , Zearalenona/análise
2.
Food Chem ; 369: 131008, 2022 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34500205

RESUMO

In this study, we developed a prussian blue nanoparticles (PBNPs) immunochromatographic assay (ICA) integrated with smartphone-based detection device for ZEN in cereals. PBNPs, as probe labels, were synthesized with properties of controllable structure, environment friendliness, and high affinities to antibody (Ab). PBNPs-ICA quantitative analysis was performed with a hand-held smartphone-based device coupled with a user-friendly and self-programmed detection App. This integrated strategy demonstrated high sensitivity for ZEN with a cut-off value of 10 µg/kg, a detection limit of 0.12 µg/kg, a quantitation limit of 0.27 µg/kg, and recovery rates of 92.0%-105.0% and 88.0%-98.0% for maize and wheat, respectively. The results of 20 naturally contaminated cereal samples showed good correlation (R2>0.99) between LC-MS/MS and developed system. Moreover, the stability experiment revealed that PBNPs-ICA maintained high stability and bioactivity against competitive antigen (Ag). The proposed strategy exhibited great potential for the rapid monitoring of mycotoxins or other small molecule hazards.


Assuntos
Zearalenona , Cromatografia de Afinidade , Cromatografia Líquida , Grão Comestível/química , Ferrocianetos , Contaminação de Alimentos/análise , Limite de Detecção , Smartphone , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Zearalenona/análise
3.
Food Chem ; 370: 131365, 2022 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34662795

RESUMO

Mycotoxin contamination of corn has been considered a serious problem because it can accumulate in different organs or tissues via ingestion or skin contact and cause several health problems in humans. We have constructed a label-free, colorimetric, and fluorescence dual-channel sensing platform for the detection of zearalenone. Here, we demonstrate that plasmonic gold nanoparticles aggregates could be rapidly formed on the basis of charge neutralization by positively charged SYBR Green I. The sensing platform allowed quantitative detection as low as 0.89 µg kg-1 and visual detection as low as 2.5 µg kg-1. The charge neutralization strategy eliminates a major source of instability in conventional gold nanoparticles colorimetric measurements and paves the way for accurate, label-free bioanalysis.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas Metálicas , Micotoxinas , Zearalenona , Colorimetria , Ouro , Humanos , Limite de Detecção , Zearalenona/análise
4.
Food Chem ; 370: 131024, 2022 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34525426

RESUMO

A novel and simple strategy was proposed for the determination of ZEA in breakfast cereal, maize powder and rice flour using an electrochemical nanohybrid sensor based on copper-based metal-organic framework (Cu-MOF)/magnetic Fe3O4-graphene oxide (Fe3O4-GO) modified electrode fabricated by the layer-by-layer assembled technique. The synthesized Cu-MOF with high porosity favorably improved the effective surface area and the analytical performance of nanohybrid sensing electrode. The crafted sensor has large surface area, high electron transfer, and satisfactory efficiency. ZEA was electrochemically detected in a wide linear range from 159.2 to 2865.2 ng mL-1 with LOD of 23.14 ng mL-1 under the optimal conditions. Moreover, the electrocatalytic mechanism of ZEA oxidation was proposed by density functional theory (DFT). A favorable energetic interaction was presented when Cu-MOF adsorbed on Fe3O4-GO, and a small new band appeared on the Fermi level energy (Ef) that facilitated the electron transfer between bands.


Assuntos
Estruturas Metalorgânicas , Zearalenona , Cobre , Técnicas Eletroquímicas , Eletrodos , Grafite , Fenômenos Magnéticos
5.
Food Chem ; 371: 131145, 2022 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34600366

RESUMO

Zearalenone (ZEN) poses a serious threat to human and animal health. The development of sensitive determination methods for ZEN is of great significance for ensuring the quality and safety of food. Herein, based on a stimuli-responsive aptamer-functionalized metal-organic framework (MOF) nano-container and trivalent DNA peroxidase mimicking enzyme (DNAzyme), an efficient aptasensor was constructed initially for the colorimetric determination of ZEN. The proposed aptasensor only required simple operations but exhibited outstanding specificity, reproducibility, storage stability and reusability simultaneously. Under the optimal conditions, there was a good linear relationship between the changed absorbance and logarithm concentration of ZEN within 0.01-100 ng mL-1, and the limit of detection (LOD) could reach 0.36 pg mL-1. Moreover, the proposed aptasensor was reliable in quantifying ZEN in spiked food samples. The current bioassay provides a promising scheme for constructing stable, specific and rapid colorimetric platforms with potential applications in the fields of food safety.


Assuntos
Aptâmeros de Nucleotídeos , Técnicas Biossensoriais , DNA Catalítico , Estruturas Metalorgânicas , Zearalenona , Colorimetria , Humanos , Limite de Detecção , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Zearalenona/análise
6.
Theriogenology ; 177: 22-28, 2022 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34656833

RESUMO

Zearalenone (ZEN) is one of the secondary metabolites of Fusarium and is regarded as a common contaminant of foodstuffs especially corn products. ZEN is considered to be cytotoxic, tissue toxic, genotoxic and reproductive toxic, which acts as a serious threat for humans and animals. In this study, we investigated the effects of ZEN on organelle function during porcine oocyte meiotic maturation. Our results showed that the expansion of cumulus granulosa cells and the extrusion of oocyte polar body were disturbed after ZEN exposure. Besides the aberrant mitochondrial distribution and impaired mitochondrial membrane potential after ZEN treatment during porcine oocyte maturation. We also found the fluorescence intensity of ER was decreased, and ZEN exposure altered ER stress level, showing with the reduced expression of GRP78. We also found that the spindle cortex distribution of Golgi apparatus was disrupted in ZEN-exposed oocytes, which was confirmed by the decreased level of GM130, moreover, our data also showed that Rab11-based vesical transport was disturbed, indicating the Golgi apparatus function was disrupted. Besides, the fluorescence intensity of lysosome was significantly increased, indicating the protein degradation and the potential autophagy occurrence after ZEN treatment. Thus, our results demonstrated that exposure to ZEN affected porcine oocyte meiotic maturation through its wide effects on organelle function for protein synthesis, transport and degradation.


Assuntos
Zearalenona , Animais , Células do Cúmulo , Feminino , Oócitos , Oogênese , Organelas , Suínos , Zearalenona/toxicidade
7.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(20): 5240-5246, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34738425

RESUMO

Zearalenone(ZEN) is a mycotoxin produced by Fusarium, possessing estrogen-like effects, carcinogenicity, and multiple toxicities. To seek more efficient and practical agents for biological detoxification and broaden their application, this study isolated 194 bacterial strains from the moldy tuberous root of Pseudostellaria heterophylla, which were co-cultured with ZEN. An efficient ZEN-degrading strain H4-3-C1 was screened out by HPLC and identified as Acinetobacter calcoaceticus by morphological observation and molecular identification. The effects of culture medium, inoculation dose, culture time, pH, and temperature on the degradation of ZEN by H4-3-C1 strain were investigated. The mechanism of ZEN degradation and the degrading effect in Coicis Semen were discussed. The degradation rate of 5 µg·mL~(-1) ZEN by H4-3-C1 strain was 85.77% in the LB medium(pH 6) at 28 ℃/180 r·min~(-1) for 24 h with the inoculation dose of 1%. The degradation rate of ZEN in the supernatant of strain culture was higher than that in the intracellular fluid and thalli. The strain was inferred to secret extracellular enzymes to degrade ZEN. In addition, the H4-3-C1 strain could also degrade ZEN in Coicis Semen. If the initial content of ZEN in Coicis Semen was reduced from 90 µg·g~(-1) to 40.68 µg·g~(-1), the degradation rate could reach 54.80%. This study is expected to provide a new strain and application technology for the biological detoxification of ZEN in food processing products and Chinese medicinal materials.


Assuntos
Fusarium , Micotoxinas , Zearalenona , Bactérias , Temperatura
8.
Sensors (Basel) ; 21(19)2021 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34640857

RESUMO

A rapid and high-throughput fluorescence detection method for zearalenone (ZEN) based on a CuO nanoparticle (NP)-assisted signal amplification immunosensor was developed using an automated sample pretreatment and signal conversion system. CuO NPs with high stability and biocompatibility were used as carriers to immobilize anti-ZEN antibodies. The obtained CuO NP-anti-ZEN can maintain the ability to recognize target toxins and act as both a signal source and carrier to achieve signal conversion using automated equipment. In this process, target toxin detection is indirectly transformed to Cu2+ detection because of the large number of Cu2+ ions released from CuO NPs under acidic conditions. Finally, a simple and high-throughput fluorescence assay based on a fluorescent tripeptide molecule was employed to detect Cu2+, using a multifunctional microporous plate detector. A good linear relationship was observed between the fluorescence signal and the logarithm of ZEN concentration in the range of 16.0-1600.0 µg/kg. Additionally, excellent accuracy with a high recovery yield of 99.2-104.9% was obtained, which was concordant with the results obtained from LC-MS/MS of naturally contaminated samples. The CuO NP-based assay is a powerful and efficient screening tool for ZEN detection and can easily be modified to detect other mycotoxins.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , Nanopartículas , Zearalenona , Cromatografia Líquida , Cobre , Imunoensaio , Óxidos , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Zearalenona/análise
9.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 227: 112865, 2021 Dec 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34634598

RESUMO

Zearalenone(ZEA) is a kind of mycotoxin widely existing in nature, its toxic effects can lead to the reproductive disorders in humans and animals. The aim of this study was to investigate the mechanism of scutellarin against ovarian granulosa cell(GCs) injury induced by ZEA based on network pharmacology, molecular docking method. The results show that 293 drug targets of scutellarin were found from PhamMapper database, and 583 disease targets were selected from Genecards database. Finally, 57 scutellarin targets were obtained for the repair of GCs injury with gene intersection. The protein-protein interaction(PPI), gene ontology(GO) and kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes(KEGG) analysis indicated that MAPK signaling pathway was most likely activated by scutellarin. Scutellarin with JNK or Caspase-3 had minimal and negative free binding energy in molecular docking analysis, indicating that they might be the acting targets of scutellarin. Cell viability was significantly decreased in ZEA treated cells. However, GCs viability, the level of estradiol(E2) and progesterone(P4) were significantly increased with addition of scutellarin to ZEA treated cells. Western blot analysis showed that scutellarin significantly reduced the expression of JNK, c-jun and Cleaved-caspasee-3 in GCs compared with ZEA treatment. In conclusion, scutellarin could alleviate the ovarian GCs injury by down-regulating the expression of JNK, c-jun and Cleaved-caspase-3 through the activation of MAPK/JNK signaling pathway. Our results will provide a theoretical foundation for the treatment of reproductive disorders with scutellarin.


Assuntos
Zearalenona , Animais , Apigenina/farmacologia , Feminino , Glucuronatos , Células da Granulosa , Humanos , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Zearalenona/toxicidade
10.
Anal Chim Acta ; 1180: 338888, 2021 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34538331

RESUMO

Agricultural products are frequently contaminated by mycotoxins; thus, the accurate detection of mycotoxins is important to food safety. Zearalenone (ZEN), a mycotoxin produced by certain Fusarium and Gibberella species, is a group III carcinogen. We developed a universal surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) aptasensor for the detection of ZEN. The SERS biosensor consists of two functional nanomaterials: sulfhydryl (SH)-ZEN aptamer complementary DNA-modified Fe3O4@Au was used as a capture probe and SH-ZEN aptamer-modified Au@Ag core-shell nanoparticles served as reporter probes. In the absence of ZEN, the highest Raman signal was obtained owing to the SERS effects of Fe3O4@Au and Au@Ag core-shell nanoparticles. Conversely, the addition of ZEN triggered the release of Au@Ag core-shell nanoparticles from Fe3O4@Au, leading to a decrease in SERS intensity after magnetic separation. Hybridization of the ZEN aptamer and its complementary strand generated a strong SERS signal from the reporter probe. Moreover, preferential binding of the ZEN aptamer to ZEN was observed. The signal intensity in SERS decreased linearly when the capture probes released the reporter. For ZEN detection, a linear range from 0.005 to 500 ng mL-1, with an R2 of 0.9981, was obtained. The detection limit was 0.001 ng mL-1. The SERS aptasensor showed excellent performance for analytical applications with real-world samples (beer and wine). This study presents a new model for the detection of mycotoxins based on simple changes in aptamers.


Assuntos
Aptâmeros de Nucleotídeos , Técnicas Biossensoriais , Nanopartículas Metálicas , Zearalenona , Ouro , Limite de Detecção , Análise Espectral Raman , Zearalenona/análise
11.
J Agric Food Chem ; 69(40): 12030-12038, 2021 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34586801

RESUMO

The contamination of mycotoxin zearalenone (ZEN) in foods has been reported worldwide, resulting in potential risks to food safety. However, the toxic mechanism of ZEN on neurodegenerative diseases has not been fully elucidated. Therefore, this study conducted in vivo ZEN neurotoxicity assessment on Parkinson's disease (PD)-related dopaminergic neurodegeneration and mitochondrial dysfunction using Caenorhabditis elegans. The results demonstrated that dopaminergic neuron damage was induced by ZEN exposure (1.25, 10, and 50 µM), and dopaminergic neuron-related behaviors were adversely affected subsequently. Additionally, the mitochondrial fragmentation was significantly increased by ZEN exposure. Moreover, upregulated expression of mitochondrial fission and cell apoptosis-related genes (drp-1, egl-1, ced-4, and ced-3) revealed the crucial role of DRP-1 on ZEN-induced neurotoxicity, which was further confirmed by drp-1 mutant and RNAi assays. In conclusion, our study indicates ZEN-induced dopaminergic neurodegeneration via DRP-1-involved mitochondrial fragmentation and apoptosis, which might cause harmful effects on PD-related symptoms.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Caenorhabditis elegans , Doença de Parkinson , Zearalenona , Animais , Apoptose , Caenorhabditis elegans/genética , Proteínas de Caenorhabditis elegans/genética , Proteínas de Caenorhabditis elegans/metabolismo , Neurônios Dopaminérgicos , Mitocôndrias/genética , Doença de Parkinson/genética , Doença de Parkinson/metabolismo , Zearalenona/metabolismo , Zearalenona/toxicidade
12.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 225: 112786, 2021 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34555717

RESUMO

The occurrence of immuno-compromised status in animals with zearalenone (ZEA) exposure may be a critical contributor to associated mucosal (gastrointestinal tract) diseases. However, it is difficult to assess the associated risks with limited reference data. This study comprehensively discussed the effects of ZEA on intestinal immune components, cytokines and molecular mechanism of juvenile grass carp infected with Aeromonas hydrophila. Specifically, the fish were fed six graded levels of dietary ZEA (0-2507 µg kg-1 diet) for 70 d. The results pointed out that the average residual amount of ZEA in the intestines increased with dose level after ZEA feeding. We further performed an infection assay using A. hydrophila. After 14 d, ZEA groups increased enteritis morbidity rate compared with controls. The acid phosphatase (ACP), lysozyme (LZ) activities and immunoglobulin M (IgM) content were significantly decreased in three intestinal segments. Furthermore, ZEA could reduce the transcription of ß-defensin-1, Hepcidin, liver expressed antimicrobial peptide 2A/2B (LEAP-2A/2B) and Mucin-2. We next confirmed the loss of these immune components accompanied by the invasion of the intestinal barrier by bacteria, as indicated by activation of the nuclear factor κB (NF-κB) and the expression of downstream cytokines. Notably, the phosphorylated target of rapamycin (TOR) plays an important role in regulating these genes, thus indicating a possible target caused by ZEA. In summary, the extensive inhibition of immune components by ZEA promotes the spread of pathogens, which may increase the possibility of intestinal mucosa exposure and the risk of transforming disease.


Assuntos
Carpas , Zearalenona , Aeromonas hydrophila , Animais , NF-kappa B/genética , Sirolimo , Zearalenona/toxicidade
13.
Toxicon ; 202: 115-122, 2021 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34562499

RESUMO

Fusarium graminearum invasion and Zearalenone (ZEN)-mycotoxin contamination are considered the most global threat to food and feed. This study investigates the effect Lactobacillus plantarum MON03 viable cells (LPVC) and LP free cells supernatant (LPFCS) against Fusarium graminearum growth and ZEN production in vitro and evaluates if treatment with LP viable cells can counteract the negative effect of ZEN on inflammation and oxidative stress in mesenteric lymph nodes and serum biochemical parameters in mice. For the in vitro study, 7 days of LPVC, LPFCS and F. graminearum co-incubation at different concentrations was done in order to determine the antifungal activity and ZEN- production inhibition. Regarding the in vivo study, Balb/c mice were treated as following: Control, ZEN group, LP group and ZEN + LP group for 30 days. In vitro, LPVC showed an excellent antifungal activity after 7 days of co-incubation (103 CFU/ml). LPVC was succeeded also to inhibit ZEN production by the fungi. In vivo, ZEN has shown an important oxidative damage. As a result of the exposure to ZEN, an increase cytokines, as effectors of an inflammatory response, were observed in the mesenteric lymph nodes (MLN) of intoxicated mice. In parallel, a serum biochemical change was also observed. LPVC induced a reduction of ZEN-induced oxidative stress and counteracts also the biochemical parameters damage and the inflammatory markers increased by ZEN. LPVC can be valorized as an anti-cating agent in the vitro and in the gastro-intestinal tract to decrease ZEN-toxic effects.


Assuntos
Fusarium , Lactobacillales , Zearalenona , Animais , Suplementos Nutricionais , Inflamação/induzido quimicamente , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Camundongos , Estresse Oxidativo , Zearalenona/análise , Zearalenona/toxicidade
14.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 225: 112737, 2021 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34482067

RESUMO

Zearalenone (ZEA) has an estrogenic effect and often causes reproductive damage. Pigs are particularly sensitive to it. Lycopene (LYC) is a type of fat-soluble natural carotenoid that has antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, anti-cancer, anti-cardiovascular and detoxifying effects. In this study, piglet sertoli cells (SCs) were used as research objects to investigate the mechanism of ZEA induced damage to piglet SCs and to evaluate the protective effect of LYC on ZEA induced toxic damage to piglet SCs. The results showed that ZEA damaged the cell structure and inhibited the expression of nuclear factor erythroid-2 related factor 2 (Nrf2) in the nucleus, which down-regulated the relative mRNA expression of heme oxygenase 1 (HO-1) and glutathione peroxidase 1 (GPX1) and decreased the activity of HO-1, glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) and total superoxide dismutase (T-SOD), resulting in an increase in malondialdehyde (MDA) and reactive oxygen species (ROS) content. ZEA downregulated the relative mRNA and protein expression of bcl-2 in piglet SCs, promoted cell apoptosis, and upregulated the relative mRNA and protein expression of LC3, beclin-1, and bax. After 3 h LYC-pretreatment, ZEA was added for mixed culture. The results of pretreatment with LYC showed that LYC could alleviate the cytotoxicity of ZEA to porlets SCs. Compared with ZEA group, improved the cell survival rate, promoted the expression of Nrf2 in the nucleus, upregulated the relative mRNA expression of HO-1 and GPX1, increased the activity of antioxidant enzymes, and reduced the levels of MDA and ROS. Moreover, after pretreatment with LYC, the mRNA expression of bcl-2 was upregulated, the apoptosis rate was decreased, the relative mRNA and protein expressions of LC3, beclin-1 and bax were downregulated, and autophagy was alleviated. In conclusion, LYC alleviated the oxidative damage of SCs caused by ZEA by promoting the expression of Nrf2 pathway and decreased autophagy and apoptosis.


Assuntos
Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2 , Zearalenona , Animais , Licopeno , Masculino , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/genética , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo , Células de Sertoli/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Suínos , Zearalenona/toxicidade
15.
Anal Methods ; 13(35): 3970-3977, 2021 09 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34528940

RESUMO

Zearalenone (ZEN) is a kind of estrogen-like mycotoxin which contaminates primary crops and their products under natural conditions and becomes a serious hazard to human health. In this study, we prepared a sensitive and specific anti-ZEN monoclonal antibody (mAb) belonging to the IgG2b subclass, with a 50%-inhibitory concentration of 0.034 ng mL-1. A lateral flow fluorescence microsphere immunochromatographic test strip (FM-ICTS) for the rapid and ultrasensitive detection of zearalenone in corn and wheat samples was developed based on this mAb. After optimizing experimental parameters, the visual limit of detection (LOD) of the strip assay in both corn and wheat samples was 2.5 ng mL-1, and the cut-off value was 25 ng mL-1. The LOD was calculated to be 0.68 ng mL-1 in corn samples and 0.48 ng mL-1 in wheat samples. Recovery experiments showed that the test results of the strip were consistent with those of ic-ELISA. As a result, this FM-ICTS assay is reliable, simple and sensitive, and can be used for rapid detection of ZEN in corn and wheat.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , Zearalenona , Cromatografia de Afinidade , Humanos , Triticum , Zea mays , Zearalenona/análise
16.
Biosens Bioelectron ; 192: 113538, 2021 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34343740

RESUMO

Constructing multifunctional immunochromatographic assays (ICA) carriers with multiple signals and retaining bioactivity of monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) are conducive to the sensitive and accurate point-of-care testing (POCT). To fulfill this pressing need, a microorganism-based microsphere mediated dual-modal ICA (DICA) was developed for sensitive and reliable detection of zearalenone (ZEN). As the key to the biosensor, a superb biotag with an intact coccus morphology was designed based on Staphylococcus aureus biosynthesized quantum dots incorporating Ru(bpy)32+ (SAQDsRu), in which SA offered a specific recognition capacity for Fc region of mAbs, QDs endowed a naked-eye discernible colorimetric signal on the SA, and robust fluorescence signal that remedied for the insufficient brightness of QDs was derived from Ru(bpy)32+. The characterization of SAQDsRu-labeled mAb (SAQDsRu-mAb) probe demonstrated strong luminescence, excellent stability and high affinity with ZEN (affinity constant was approximately 1.723 × 109 M-1), which can significantly improve the detection sensitivity. Impressively, a portable sensing system was developed by the integration of SAQDsRu-DICA with a smartphone-based readout. After optimization, this DICA indicated a limit of detection reaching down to 0.008 ng/mL (colorimetric mode) and 0.0058 ng/mL (fluorescent mode), which were much lower than that of conventional gold nanoparticles-based ICA (0.1029 ng/mL), possessing favorable specificity and repeatability (relative standard deviation (RSD) < 10%). Moreover, the feasibility of the immunoassay was further assessed by measuring ZEN in real samples with satisfactory recoveries, and the results are good consistent with liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS).


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , Nanopartículas Metálicas , Zearalenona , Bactérias , Cromatografia Líquida , Contaminação de Alimentos/análise , Ouro , Imunoensaio , Limite de Detecção , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Zearalenona/análise
17.
Theriogenology ; 174: 124-130, 2021 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34428678

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of 1 µmol/L zearalenone (ZEN) and 1 µmol/L enterolactone (ENL), alone or in combination, on the survival and morphology of in vitro cultured ovarian preantral follicles. Ovaries from 10 sheep were collected at a local abattoir and fragmented, and the ovarian pieces were submitted to in vitro culture for 3 days in the presence or absence of the test compounds. The morphology of primordial and primary follicles was impaired by ZEN, whereas that of cultured secondary follicles was improved by ENL. However, the combination of ENL with ZEN impaired the quality of primary and secondary follicles. Both ZEN and ENL induced apoptosis, but only ZEN was responsible for oocyte autophagy. None of these xenoestrogens affected endoplasmic reticulum stress as observed by the unaltered expression of ERP29. Differently from ZEN, ENL increased the expression of the efflux transporter ABCG2. In conclusion, although ENL can counteract the negative effects of ZEN on primordial and primary follicles, this positive effect is not similar to that observed in ovarian tissue cultures in the presence of ENL alone.


Assuntos
Zearalenona , 4-Butirolactona/análogos & derivados , Animais , Feminino , Lignanas , Oócitos , Folículo Ovariano , Ovário , Ovinos , Zearalenona/toxicidade
18.
BMC Plant Biol ; 21(1): 393, 2021 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34418972

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mycotoxins are among the environmental stressors whose oxidative action is currently widely studied. The aim of this paper was to investigate the response of seedling leaves to zearalenone (ZEA) applied to the leaves (directly) and to the grains (indirectly) in tolerant and sensitive wheat cultivars. RESULTS: Biochemical analyses of antioxidant activity were performed for chloroplasts and showed a similar decrease in this activity irrespective of plant sensitivity and the way of ZEA application. On the other hand, higher amounts of superoxide radical (microscopic observations) were generated in the leaves of plants grown from the grains incubated in ZEA solution and in the sensitive cultivar. Electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) studies showed that upon ZEA treatment greater numbers of Mn - aqua complexes were formed in the leaves of the tolerant wheat cultivar than in those of the sensitive one, whereas the degradation of Fe-protein complexes occurred independently of the cultivar sensitivity. CONCLUSION: The changes in the quantity of stable, organic radicals formed by stabilizing reactive oxygen species on biochemical macromolecules, indicated greater potential for their generation in leaf tissues subjected to foliar ZEA treatment. This suggested an important role of these radical species in protective mechanisms mainly against direct toxin action. The way the defense mechanisms were activated depended on the method of the toxin application.


Assuntos
Imunidade Vegetal/genética , Folhas de Planta/imunologia , Sementes/imunologia , Triticum/genética , Triticum/imunologia , Zearalenona/efeitos adversos , Grão Comestível/genética , Grão Comestível/imunologia , Espectroscopia de Ressonância de Spin Eletrônica , Variação Genética , Genótipo , Imunidade Vegetal/fisiologia , Folhas de Planta/genética , Plântula/genética , Plântula/imunologia , Sementes/genética
19.
Toxicon ; 201: 1-8, 2021 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34391788

RESUMO

The contamination of foods and feeds with mycotoxins has been an issue of global significance. For mycotoxin detoxification, enzymatic biodegradation using laccase has received much attention. In this study, a laccase gene lac2 from the fungus Pleurotus pulmonarius was expressed in the Pichia pastoris X33 yeast strain to produce recombinant proteins. Enzymatic properties of recombinant Lac2 and its ability to degrade zearalenone (ZEN) and Aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) in the presence of four mediators (ABTS, TEMPO, AS and SA) were investigated. Result showed that the optimum pH and temperature of recombinant Lac2 were 3.5 and 55 °C, respectively. Lac2 was not sensitive to heat and stable under both acidic and alkaline conditions. Lac2-ABTS and Lac2-AS were efficient systems for ZEN degradation over a wide range of pH (4-8) and temperature (40-60 °C). Lac2-AS was the most efficient system for AFB1 degradation, reaching 99.82% of degradation at pH 7 and 37 °C after 1 h of incubation. Finally, the Lac2-mediator oxidation products were structurally characterized. This study lays a solid foundation for the application of Lac2 laccase combined with AS for degrading mycotoxin in food and feed.


Assuntos
Pleurotus , Zearalenona , Aflatoxina B1 , Saccharomycetales
20.
J Environ Sci Health B ; 56(9): 845-851, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34388052

RESUMO

This study evaluated differences in the efficiency of ozonation process to reduce the natural contamination of two mycotoxins, deoxynivalenol (DON) and zearalenone (ZEN), in wheat grains and particulate products. Three different products were used, each one representing a different structure and mycotoxin distribution: (1) wheat grains, with natural mycotoxin distribution inside and among the grains; (2) homemade pellets, with homogenous mycotoxin distribution; (3) ground homemade pellets, with homogeneous mycotoxin distribution, and smaller particles. The ozonation of naturally contaminated wheat grains did not reduce the concentrations of DON and ZEN. When the variability of contamination among replicates was reduced by the production of homemade pellets showed, the ozonation provides a reduction of 14% of ZEN concentration. Reducing the size of particles by grinding the homemade pellets, a reduction of DON (11%) and ZEN (31%) was observed, which was evidenced by the higher ozone consumption during the process. Therefore, some limitations of ozonation of grains and particulate products, such as particle dimensions and distribution of natural contamination of mycotoxins affect the degradation of DON and ZEN under real conditions. Because of this, further studies to evaluate the effectiveness of ozonation should also be performed in samples naturally contaminated to produce robustness results.


Assuntos
Fusarium , Micotoxinas , Ozônio , Tricotecenos , Zearalenona , Contaminação de Alimentos/análise , Micotoxinas/análise , Tricotecenos/análise
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...