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1.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 43(6): 638-645, 2021 Jun 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34289555

RESUMO

Objective: To clarify the function and molecular mechanisms of serpin family E member 2 (SERPINE2) in cellular migration and invasion of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). Methods: The expression of SERPINE2 in ESCC was analyzed by using online databases TCGA (http: //gepia.cancer-pku.cn/detail.php and http: //ualcan.path.uab. edu/index.html). The expressions of SERPINE2 mRNA in normal human esophageal epithelial cell line NE2, human ESCC cell lines KYSE30 and KYSE150 were detected by quantitative reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). SERPINE2-konckdown or SERPINE2-overexpressed plasmid was transfected into KYSE30 cells, and the efficiencies of the knockdown and overexpression system were tested by qRT-PCR. The relationships of SERPINE2 and ESCC migration and invasion were determined by migration and invasion assays in vitro. The associations between SERPINE2 expression and ß-catenin as well as its target genes including c-Myc, cyclin D1 and CD44 were analyzed by immunofluorescence, qRT-PCR and western blot, respectively. Results: The expressions of SERPINE2 were significantly upregulated in both esophageal cancer (ESCA) and ESCC tissues compared to normal tissues by analyzing 182 and 95 cases, respectively (P<0.01). SERPINE2 is highly expressed in both KYSE30 and KYSE150 cells (P<0.05). The number of migrating and invading cells in control group were (212.66±24.11)/field and (136.00±14.42)/field, while were (88.33±9.71)/field and (77.00±9.53)/field in SERPINE2-knockdown 1 group, and (66.00±8.00)/field and (45.66±3.78)/field in SERPINE2-knockdown 2 group, respectively, and the differences were dramatically significant compared with the control group (P<0.01). The number of migrating and invading cells in control group were (250.00±30.00)/field and (203.33±15.27)/field, while were (383.33±35.11)/field and (246.66±25.16)/field in SERPINE2-overpressed group, and the differences were strikingly significant compared with the control group (P<0.01). The protein expression of ß-catenin was upregulated while phosphorylated ß-catenin protein expression was downregulated in SERPINE2-overexpressed KYSE30 cells when compared to control cells.The transcription activity of ß-catenin was significantly upregulated and the mRNA expressions of its target genes including c-Myc, cyclin D1 and CD44 were all increased. After treated with 25 µM iCRT14, the number of migrated cells in the control and SERPINE2-overpressed groups were (200.00±36.05)/field and (258.33±22.54)/field, and the number of invaded cells were (160.00±17.32)/field and (188.33±25.65)/field, respectively, the differences were dramatically significant compared with the group without iCRT14 treatment (P<0.01). Conclusion: SERPINE2 is significantly upregulated in ESCC cells and can promote cellular migration and invasion by activating ß-catenin, which may provide a potential therapeutic target for patients with ESCC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Neoplasias Esofágicas , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Neoplasias Esofágicas/genética , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Invasividade Neoplásica , Piridinas , Pirróis , Serpina E2 , Tiazolidinedionas , beta Catenina/genética , beta Catenina/metabolismo
2.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 43(7): 769-774, 2021 Jul 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34289571

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the effect of long non-coding RNA HOTAIR (LncRNA HOTAIR) on the proliferation, apoptosis and drug resistance of Wilms tumor cells and its molecular mechanism. Methods: Collected nephroblastoma tissues and normal tumor side tissues in 32 children with renal syblastoma surgical treatment at Zhengzhou University Children's Hospital from 2015 to 2019. Real-time quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction, (qRT-PCR)was used to detect the expression of HOTAIR in Wilms tumor tissues and adjacent tissues. Small interfering RNA technology was used to delete the expression of HOTAIR in Wilms tumor cell SK-NEP-1. Cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8)was used to detect cell proliferation after transfection. Flow cytometry and terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase mediated dUTP nick-end labeling (TUNEL) staining to detect the apoptosis. Western blot was used to detect the expression of Wnt/ß-catenin signaling pathway related proteins.CCK-8 was used to detect the proliferation inhibition of cells treated with different concentrations of cisplatin after transfection. Results: Compared with adjacent tissues, HOTAIR was highly expressed in Wilms tumor tissues (P<0.05). The expression levels of Wnt, ß-catenin, Cyclin D1, c-myc in the control group were (0.89±0.08), (0.94±0.10), (0.72±0.06), (1.10±0.11), and (1.06±0.11), (0.92±0.08), (0.66±0.07), (1.25±0.11) of the si-RNA group, while (0.54±0.05), (0.41±0.05), (0.25±0.03), (0.56±0.06) of the si-HOTAIR group. The expression levels of these protein were significantly down-regulated in the si-HOTAIR group when compared with the control group and the si-RNA group (P<0.05). The absorbance (A) values of SK-NEP-1 cells in the si-HOTAIR group at 24, 48 and 72 hours after transfection were (0.31±0.02), (0.37±0.04), (0.69±0.07), significantly lower than (0.49±0.05), (0.78±0.08), (1.22±0.14) in the control group and (0.57±0.06), (0.68±0.07), (0.94±0.09) in the si-RNA group (P<0.05). The apoptosis rate in the si-HOTAIR group was (13.81±1.25)%, significantly higher than (6.54±0.72)% in the control group and (4.35±0.40)% in the si-RNA group (P<0.05). The cell positive rate of TUNEL cells in the si-HOTAIR group was (35.14±3.50)%, significantly higher than (20.16±2.18)% in the control group and (21.09±2.35)% in the si-RNA group (P<0.05). The median inhibitory concentration (IC(50)) of the si-HOTAIR group was (62.48±5.97) µmol/L, significantly lower than (88.27±9.05) µmol/L of the control group and (92.50±9.11) µmol/L of the si-RNA group (P<0.05). Conclusions: Suppression of LncRNA HOTAIR can inhibit the proliferation of Wilms tumor cells, promote cell apoptosis, decrease cell resistance to cisplatin. The mechanism may be related to the inhibition of Wnt/ß-catenin signaling pathway activation.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Renais , RNA Longo não Codificante , Tumor de Wilms , Apoptose , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células , Criança , Resistência a Medicamentos , Humanos , Neoplasias Renais/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Tumor de Wilms/genética , Via de Sinalização Wnt , beta Catenina/genética , beta Catenina/metabolismo
4.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(13)2021 Jun 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34206850

RESUMO

Treating postoperative (PO) pain is a clinical challenge. Inadequate PO pain management can lead to worse outcomes, for example chronic post-surgical pain. Therefore, acquiring new information on the PO pain mechanism would increase the therapeutic options available. In this paper, we evaluated the role of a natural substance, epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG), on pain and neuroinflammation induced by a surgical procedure in an animal model of PO pain. We performed an incision of the hind paw and EGCG was administered for five days. Mechanical allodynia, thermal hyperalgesia, and motor dysfunction were assessed 24 h, and three and five days after surgery. At the same time points, animals were sacrificed, and sera and lumbar spinal cord tissues were harvested for molecular analysis. EGCG administration significantly alleviated hyperalgesia and allodynia, and reduced motor disfunction. From the molecular point of view, EGCG reduced the activation of the WNT pathway, reducing WNT3a, cysteine-rich domain frizzled (FZ)1 and FZ8 expressions, and both cytosolic and nuclear ß-catenin expression, and the noncanonical ß-catenin-independent signaling pathways, reducing the activation of the NMDA receptor subtype NR2B (pNR2B), pPKC and cAMP response element-binding protein (pCREB) expressions at all time points. Additionally, EGCG reduced spinal astrocytes and microglia activation, cytokines overexpression and nuclear factor kappa-light-chain-enhancer of activated B cells (NFkB) pathway, downregulating inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) activation, cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2) expression, and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) levels. Thus, EGCG administration managing the WNT/ß-catenin signaling pathways modulates PO pain related neurochemical and inflammatory alterations.


Assuntos
Analgésicos/uso terapêutico , Anti-Inflamatórios/uso terapêutico , Catequina/análogos & derivados , Dor Pós-Operatória/tratamento farmacológico , Analgésicos/farmacologia , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Catequina/farmacologia , Catequina/uso terapêutico , Proteína de Ligação ao Elemento de Resposta ao AMP Cíclico/genética , Proteína de Ligação ao Elemento de Resposta ao AMP Cíclico/metabolismo , Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/genética , Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/metabolismo , Receptores Frizzled/genética , Receptores Frizzled/metabolismo , Masculino , NF-kappa B/genética , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo II/genética , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo II/metabolismo , Proteína Quinase C/genética , Proteína Quinase C/metabolismo , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Receptores de N-Metil-D-Aspartato/genética , Receptores de N-Metil-D-Aspartato/metabolismo , Medula Espinal/efeitos dos fármacos , Medula Espinal/metabolismo , Proteínas Wnt/genética , Proteínas Wnt/metabolismo , Via de Sinalização Wnt , beta Catenina/genética , beta Catenina/metabolismo
5.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 4164, 2021 07 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34230493

RESUMO

Spi-1 Proto-Oncogene (SPI1) fusion genes are recurrently found in T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) cases but are insufficient to drive leukemogenesis. Here we show that SPI1 fusions in combination with activating NRAS mutations drive an immature T-ALL in vivo using a conditional bone marrow transplant mouse model. Addition of the oncogenic fusion to the NRAS mutation also results in a higher leukemic stem cell frequency. Mechanistically, genetic deletion of the ß-catenin binding domain within Transcription factor 7 (TCF7)-SPI1 or use of a TCF/ß-catenin interaction antagonist abolishes the oncogenic activity of the fusion. Targeting the TCF7-SPI1 fusion in vivo with a doxycycline-inducible knockdown results in increased differentiation. Moreover, both pharmacological and genetic inhibition lead to down-regulation of SPI1 targets. Together, our results reveal an example where TCF7-SPI1 leukemia is vulnerable to pharmacological targeting of the TCF/ß-catenin interaction.


Assuntos
GTP Fosfo-Hidrolases/metabolismo , Proteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células T Precursoras/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas/metabolismo , Fator 1 de Transcrição de Linfócitos T/metabolismo , Transativadores/metabolismo , beta Catenina/metabolismo , Animais , Transplante de Medula Óssea , Carcinogênese/genética , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Feminino , GTP Fosfo-Hidrolases/genética , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Mutação , Proteínas de Fusão Oncogênica/genética , Proteínas de Fusão Oncogênica/metabolismo , Oncogenes , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células T Precursoras/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas/genética , Fator 1 de Transcrição de Linfócitos T/genética , Linfócitos T/metabolismo , Transativadores/genética , Transcriptoma , beta Catenina/genética
6.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 41(7): 774-80, 2021 Jul 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34259411

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the mechanism of electroacupuncture (EA) for the regulation of lipid production and improvement in obesity by mediating Wnt/ß-catenin pathway through activating silent information regulator 1 (SIRT1). METHODS: Of 75 Wistar male rats, 10 rats were selected randomly as the normal group and fed with standard diet. The rest rats were fed with high-fat diet for 8 weeks to establish the obesity model. Forty rats of successful modeling were randomized into a model group, an EA group, an EA plus inhibitor group (EA+I group) and an agonist group, 10 rats in each one. In the EA group, EA was applied at "Guanyuan" (CV 4), "Zhongwan" (CV 12), "Zusanli" (ST 36) and "Fenglong" (ST 40), with continuous wave, 2 Hz in frequency and around 1 mA in intensity. The needles were retained for 20 min. In the EA+I group, sirtinol solution was injected from caudal vein and EA was exerted simultaneously. In the agonist group, resveratrol solution was given by intragastric administration. The intervention of the above three groups was given once every two days, 3 times a week, consecutively for 8 weeks. Before and after intervention, body mass and Lee's index were recorded in the rats of each group. After intervention, the levels of serum total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG) and free fatty acid (FFA) were detected in the rats of each group. After intervention, the mass of white adipose tissue (WAT) and the area of adipocytes were compared in the rats among the 5 groups. Using Western blot method, the protein expressions of SIRT1, glycogen synthase kinase-3ß (GSK3ß), ß-catenin, cyclin D1 and peroxisome proliferators-activated receptor γ (PPARγ) were detected in WAT in the rats of each group. RESULTS: After intervention, compared with the model group, the body mass and Lee's index were reduced in the rats of the EA group and the agonist group (P<0.01, P<0.05), the body mass was reduced in the rats of the EA+I group (P<0.05). Compared with the normal group, the levels of serum TC, TG and FFA, as well as WAT mass were increased in the rats of the model group (P<0.01), as well as the area of adipocytes (P<0.01). Compared with the model group, the levels of serum TC and TG (except in the EA+I group), the levels of FFA and WAT mass were all decreased (P<0.01, P<0.05) and the area of adipocytes was reduced (P<0.01, P<0.05) in the EA group, the agonist group and the EA+I group. Compared with the EA group, the area of adipocytes was increased in the EA+I group (P<0.05). Compared with the normal group, the protein expressions of SIRT1, ß-catenin and cyclin D1 in WAT were down-regulated (P<0.01) and the protein expressions of GSK3ß and PPARγ in WAT were up-regulated (P<0.01) in the model group. Compared with the model group, the protein expressions of SIRT1, ß-catenin and cyclin D1 in WAT were up-regulated (P<0.05, P<0.01) and the expressions of GSK3ß and PPARγ in WAT were down-regulated (P<0.01, P<0.05) in the EA group and the agonist group, and in the EA+I group, GSK3ß protein expression was down-regulated andß-catenin protein expression was up-regulated (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: Electroacupuncture remarkably improves the body mass, Lee's index and blood lipid metabolism and reduces WAT mass and adipocyte size in obesity model rats, which is probably related to up-regulating the protein expression of SIRT1 in WAT, activating Wnt/ß-catenin pathway and inhibiting the expression of PPARγ of downstream lipogenic gene so as to affect lipid production.


Assuntos
Eletroacupuntura , Pontos de Acupuntura , Animais , Masculino , Obesidade/genética , Obesidade/terapia , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Sirtuína 1/genética , Triglicerídeos , beta Catenina/genética
7.
Zhong Nan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 46(6): 575-582, 2021 Jun 28.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34275925

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To compare the expression of the Wnt signaling-associated proteins (Wnt3, ß-catenin, MMP-7) in gastric cancer and precancerous lesions with positive and negative Helicobacter pylori (H.pylori, Hp) infection, and to further explore the mechanisms underlying the Wnt signaling pathway involving in the formation of gastric cancer and its relationship with Hp infection. METHODS: The complete paraffin samples with pathologically confirmed diagnosis, who came from the First Hospital of Changsha from January 2018 to April 2020, were collected. All samples were randomly divided into a gastric cancer group (n=57), a precancerous lesion group (n=84), and a chronic superficial gastritis group (n=25). Improved Giemsa staining was used to detect Hp infection, and according the results of Hp infection the above groups were divided into a Hp positive subgroup and a negative subgroup. The expressions of Wnt3, ß-catenin and MMP-7 were examined with immunohistochemistry. RESULTS: The Wnt3, ß-catenin, and MMP-7 were highly expressed in the gastric cancer group and the gastric precancerous lesion group. The Wnt3 and MMP-7 were highly expressed in cytoplasm, and ß-catenin showed a tendency of cell membrane transferring to cytoplasm and nucleus, which was characterized by "nuclear translocation". The positive rates of the Wnt3, ß-catenin, and MMP-7 expressions in the gastric cancer group were higher than those in the precancerous lesion group and the chronic superficial gastritis group (all P<0.05), which showed a gradually increasing trend with the deterioration of differentiation degree. In addition, the expressions of Wnt3, ß-catenin, and MMP-7 in the Hp positive subgroup in the gastric cancer group and the precancerous lesion group were higher than those in the Hp negative subgroup (all P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Aberrant activation of Wnt signaling pathway is involved in the occurrence and development of precancerous lesions and gastric cancer, and which is related with Hp infection. Meanwhile, the Wnt3, ß-catenin and MMP-7 may be used as molecular markers for early diagnosis of gastric cancer and indicators to judge the degree of differentiation and malignancy of gastric cancer.


Assuntos
Infecções por Helicobacter , Helicobacter pylori , Lesões Pré-Cancerosas , Neoplasias Gástricas , Mucosa Gástrica , Humanos , Metaloproteinase 7 da Matriz/genética , Proteína Wnt3 , beta Catenina/genética
8.
Xi Bao Yu Fen Zi Mian Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 37(7): 608-615, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34140072

RESUMO

Objective To observe the effects of DNA methyltransferase 3B (DNMT3B) on the expression of secreted frizzled-related protein 1 (SFRP1) and regulation of Wnt/ß-catenin signaling pathway in renal tubular epithelial cells (RTECs) of mice under high glucose conditions. Methods in vitro cultured mouse RTECs were divided into normal glucose (NG) group and high glucose (HG) group. After DNMT3B short-hairclip RNA (sh-DNMT3B) and DNMT3B over-expression (DNMT3B-OE) plasmids were transfected separately into RTECs, mRNA expression of DNMT3B, SFRP1, collagen IV (Col4) and fibronectin (FN) were detected by reverse-transcription PCR. Protein expression of DNMT3B, SFRP1, glycogen synthase kinase 3ß (GSK3ß), phosphorylated glycogen synthase kinase 3ß (p-GSK3ß), ß-catenin, Col4 and FN were detected by Western blotting. The localization of DNMT3B and SFRP1 in RTECs was observed by immunofluorescence cytochemistry combined with confocal microscopy. Results Compared with the NG group, the protein expression of DNMT3B, ß-catenin, p-GSK3ß, Col4 and FN increased in the HG group, while SFRP1 protein expression was reduced in the HG group. Compared with the sh-vector group, SFRP1 mRNA and protein expression increased in the sh-DNMT3B group, while the expression of ß-catenin, p-GSK3ß and Col4 proteins decreased. FN mRNA and protein expression dropped in the sh-DNMT3B group, however, the expression of ß-catenin mRNA did not change significantly. Visually, DNMT3B over-expression reversed the above changes. Both DNMT3B and SFRP1 were expressed in the nucleus and cytoplasm of RTECs, and DNMT3B was aggregated in the nuclei of the cells in the HG group and the co-localization between DNMT3B and SFRP1 was also promoted in the HG group. Conclusion The expression of DNMT3B increases and the expression of SFRP1 decreases when the mouse RTECs were stimulated by HG. This subsequently leads to the activation of the Wnt/ß-catenin signaling pathway and promotes the formation of extracellular matrix.


Assuntos
DNA (Citosina-5-)-Metiltransferases , Células Epiteliais , Via de Sinalização Wnt , Animais , DNA (Citosina-5-)-Metiltransferases/metabolismo , Células Epiteliais/metabolismo , Fibrose , Glucose , Glicogênio Sintase Quinase 3 beta/genética , Camundongos , beta Catenina/genética , beta Catenina/metabolismo
9.
J Cell Sci ; 134(11)2021 06 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34085693

RESUMO

Urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA; encoded by Plau) is a serine proteinase that, in the central nervous system, induces astrocytic activation. ß-Catenin is a protein that links the cytoplasmic tail of cadherins to the actin cytoskeleton, thus securing the formation of cadherin-mediated cell adhesion complexes. Disruption of cell-cell contacts leads to the detachment of ß-catenin from cadherins, and ß-catenin is then degraded by the proteasome following its phosphorylation by GSK3ß. Here, we show that astrocytes release uPA following a scratch injury, and that this uPA promotes wound healing via a plasminogen-independent mechanism. We found that uPA induces the detachment of ß-catenin from the cytoplasmic tail of N-cadherin (NCAD; also known as CDH2) by triggering its phosphorylation at Tyr654. Surprisingly, this is not followed by degradation of ß-catenin because uPA also induces the phosphorylation of the low density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 6 (LRP6) at Ser1490, which then blocks the kinase activity of GSK3ß. Our work indicates that the ensuing cytoplasmic accumulation of ß-catenin is followed by its nuclear translocation and ß-catenin-triggered transcription of the receptor for uPA (Plaur), which in turn is required for uPA to induce astrocytic wound healing.


Assuntos
Ativador de Plasminogênio Tipo Uroquinase , beta Catenina , Caderinas/genética , Receptores de Ativador de Plasminogênio Tipo Uroquinase/genética , Ativador de Plasminogênio Tipo Uroquinase/genética , Cicatrização , beta Catenina/genética
10.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 4032, 2021 06 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34188050

RESUMO

In animals, body axis patterning is based on the concentration-dependent interpretation of graded morphogen signals, which enables correct positioning of the anatomical structures. The most ancient axis patterning system acting across animal phyla relies on ß-catenin signaling, which directs gastrulation, and patterns the main body axis. However, within Bilateria, the patterning logic varies significantly between protostomes and deuterostomes. To deduce the ancestral principles of ß-catenin-dependent axial patterning, we investigate the oral-aboral axis patterning in the sea anemone Nematostella-a member of the bilaterian sister group Cnidaria. Here we elucidate the regulatory logic by which more orally expressed ß-catenin targets repress more aborally expressed ß-catenin targets, and progressively restrict the initially global, maternally provided aboral identity. Similar regulatory logic of ß-catenin-dependent patterning in Nematostella and deuterostomes suggests a common evolutionary origin of these processes and the equivalence of the cnidarian oral-aboral and the bilaterian posterior-anterior body axes.


Assuntos
Padronização Corporal/fisiologia , Anêmonas-do-Mar/embriologia , Ouriços-do-Mar/embriologia , beta Catenina/metabolismo , Animais , Padronização Corporal/genética , Gastrulação/fisiologia , Regulação da Expressão Gênica no Desenvolvimento/genética , Anêmonas-do-Mar/anatomia & histologia , Ouriços-do-Mar/anatomia & histologia , Transdução de Sinais , Proteína Wnt1/genética , Proteína Wnt2/genética , beta Catenina/genética
11.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 3803, 2021 06 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34155197

RESUMO

The adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) is a frequently mutated tumour suppressor gene in cancers. However, whether APC is regulated at the epitranscriptomic level remains elusive. In this study, we analysed TCGA data and separated 200 paired oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) specimens and their adjacent normal tissues and demonstrated that methyltransferase-like 3 (METTL3) is highly expressed in tumour tissues. m6A-RNA immunoprecipitation sequencing revealed that METTL3 upregulates the m6A modification of APC, which recruits YTHDF for APC mRNA degradation. Reduced APC expression increases the expression of ß-catenin and ß-catenin-mediated cyclin D1, c-Myc, and PKM2 expression, thereby leading to enhanced aerobic glycolysis, ESCC cell proliferation, and tumour formation in mice. In addition, downregulated APC expression correlates with upregulated METTL3 expression in human ESCC specimens and poor prognosis in ESCC patients. Our findings reveal a mechanism by which the Wnt/ß-catenin pathway is upregulated in ESCC via METTL3/YTHDF-coupled epitranscriptomal downregulation of APC.


Assuntos
Adenosina/análogos & derivados , Proteínas do Citoesqueleto/genética , Metiltransferases/metabolismo , Proteínas de Ligação a RNA/metabolismo , Adenosina/metabolismo , Animais , Carcinogênese , Proliferação de Células , Proteínas do Citoesqueleto/metabolismo , Neoplasias Esofágicas/genética , Neoplasias Esofágicas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Esofágicas/patologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/genética , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/metabolismo , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/patologia , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Metiltransferases/genética , Camundongos , Prognóstico , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Efeito Warburg em Oncologia , Via de Sinalização Wnt , beta Catenina/genética , beta Catenina/metabolismo
12.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(11)2021 May 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34072831

RESUMO

Although histone deacetylase 8 (HDAC8) plays a role in glioblastoma multiforme (GBM), whether its inhibition facilitates the treatment of temozolomide (TMZ)-resistant GBM (GBM-R) remains unclear. By assessing the gene expression profiles from short hairpin RNA of HDAC8 in the new version of Connectivity Map (CLUE) and cells treated by NBM-BMX (BMX)-, an HDAC8 inhibitor, data analysis reveals that the Wnt signaling pathway and apoptosis might be the underlying mechanisms in BMX-elicited treatment. This study evaluated the efficacy of cotreatment with BMX and TMZ in GBM-R cells. We observed that cotreatment with BMX and TMZ could overcome resistance in GBM-R cells and inhibit cell viability, markedly inhibit cell proliferation, and then induce cell cycle arrest and apoptosis. In addition, the expression level of ß-catenin was reversed by proteasome inhibitor via the ß-catenin/ GSK3ß signaling pathway to reduce the expression level of c-Myc and cyclin D1 in GBM-R cells. BMX and TMZ cotreatment also upregulated WT-p53 mediated MGMT inhibition, thereby triggering the activation of caspase-3 and eventually leading to apoptosis in GBM-R cells. Moreover, BMX and TMZ attenuated the expression of CD133, CD44, and SOX2 in GBM-R cells. In conclusion, BMX overcomes TMZ resistance by enhancing TMZ-mediated cytotoxic effect by downregulating the ß-catenin/c-Myc/SOX2 signaling pathway and upregulating WT-p53 mediated MGMT inhibition. These findings indicate a promising drug combination for precision personal treating of TMZ-resistant WT-p53 GBM cells.


Assuntos
Metilases de Modificação do DNA/genética , Enzimas Reparadoras do DNA/genética , Glioblastoma/tratamento farmacológico , Histona Desacetilases/genética , Proteínas Repressoras/genética , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/genética , Proteínas Supressoras de Tumor/genética , beta Catenina/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Glioblastoma/genética , Glioblastoma/patologia , Humanos , Proteínas Repressoras/antagonistas & inibidores , Bibliotecas de Moléculas Pequenas/farmacologia , Temozolomida/efeitos adversos , Temozolomida/farmacologia , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
13.
Anticancer Res ; 41(6): 2933-2944, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34083284

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: The aim of this study was to describe the clinicopathological features of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) diagnosed at 40 years of age or below. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Expression of CK19, Glypican-3 and ß-catenin was assessed in clinical samples by immunohistochemistry (IHC). IHC expression was correlated with clinicopathological parameters. Hotspot mutations in TP53 gene were analyzed by sequencing. RESULTS: Thirty-six cases were included with a male to female ratio of 3:1. Eighty percent of cases were associated with chronic hepatitis B infection. CK19 and GPC3 were expressed in 61% and 56% of cases, respectively. Only one case demonstrated ß-catenin over-expression. TP53 hotspot mutation was identified in 4 cases. Number of tumor nodules, vascular invasion, and preoperative serum AFP level were associated with prognosis. CONCLUSION: A higher CK19 expression rate was observed in our young-onset HCC cohort, whereas ß-catenin pathway activation and TP53 gene mutation events were less frequent. Conventional clinicopathological parameters remain predictors of survival.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idade de Início , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/metabolismo , Criança , Feminino , Genes p53 , Glipicanas/metabolismo , Humanos , Queratina-19/metabolismo , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/metabolismo , Masculino , Mutação , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem , beta Catenina/genética , beta Catenina/metabolismo
14.
Crit Rev Oncol Hematol ; 163: 103337, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33992802

RESUMO

ß-catenin is a key component of Wnt signalling, which plays a crucial role in CRC progression. Therefore, a meta-analysis was performed to assess the prognostic value of ß-catenin expression in CRC patients. PubMed and Web of Science were searched for relevant publications referring to the association between ß-catenin expression and outcome of CRC patients. Review Manager version 5.4 was employed to analysis data from 28 eligible studies (containing 5475 patients). Of these, 6 provided data on DFS, 6 provided data on CSS and 18 reports provided data on OS. High nuclear ß-catenin expression was significantly associated with poorer DFS, CSS and OS in patients with CRC whereas, low membranous ß-catenin expression was associated to poor OS. In conclusion, ß-catenin has prognostic value and potential as a biomarker to stratify patients with CRC. However, further work with high quantity tissue cohorts and patient data is required to confirm this conclusion.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais , beta Catenina , Neoplasias Colorretais/diagnóstico , Humanos , Prognóstico , Via de Sinalização Wnt , beta Catenina/genética , beta Catenina/metabolismo
15.
J Int Med Res ; 49(5): 3000605211019938, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34057837

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) colon cancer-associated transcript 2 (CCAT2) plays oncogenic roles in several cancers, including esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). However, the specific mechanism of how CCAT2 influences ESCC tumorigenesis is still unknown. METHODS: Using RT-qPCR, the mRNA expression levels of CCAT2 in 33 paired ESCC and adjacent non-cancer tissues and cell lines were measured. Lentiviral vector sh-CCAT2 was designed and transfected into TE10 cells. CCK-8 and transwell assays were employed to detect the effects of CCAT2 knockdown on cell proliferation and invasion, respectively. RT-qPCR and western blots were used to detect the effects of CCAT2 knockdown. RESULTS: CCAT2 was overexpressed in ESCC tissues compared with corresponding adjacent tissues. CCAT2 knockdown could suppress cell proliferation and invasion in vitro. Furthermore, knockdown of CCAT2 could suppress the mRNA and protein levels of ß-catenin and Wnt-induced-secreted-protein-1 (WISP1), as well as the mRNA levels of their downstream targets VEGF-A, MMP2, and ICAM-1. High expression of CCAT2 and WISP1 were associated with poor prognosis of ESCC patients. CONCLUSIONS: In conclusion, a novel CCAT2/ß-catenin/WISP1 axis was revealed in ESCC progression and may provide a promising therapeutic target against ESCC. CCAT2 and WISP1 are potential molecular biomarkers for predicting prognosis of ESCC.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Colo , Neoplasias Esofágicas , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago , RNA Longo não Codificante , Neoplasias Esofágicas/genética , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/genética , Humanos , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Transdução de Sinais , beta Catenina/genética
16.
Stem Cell Res Ther ; 12(1): 296, 2021 05 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34016181

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cartilage regeneration is a key step in functional reconstruction for temporomandibular joint osteoarthritis (TMJ-OA) but is a difficult issue to address. Strontium ranelate (SrR) is an antiosteoporosis drug that has been proven to affect OA in recent years, but its effect on chondrogenesis and the underlying mechanism are still unclear. METHODS: Bone mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) from Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were induced in chondrogenic differentiation medium with or without SrR, XAV-939, and LiCl. CCK-8 assays were used to examine cell proliferation, and alcian blue staining, toluidine blue staining, immunofluorescence, and PCR analysis were performed. Western blot (WB) analyses were used to assess chondrogenic differentiation of the cells. For an in vivo study, 30 male SD rats with cartilage defects on both femoral condyles were used. The defect sites were not filled, filled with silica nanosphere plus gelatine-methacryloyl (GelMA), or filled with SrR-loaded silica nanosphere plus GelMA. After 3 months of healing, paraffin sections were made, and toluidine blue staining, safranin O/fast green staining, and immunofluorescent or immunohistochemical staining were performed for histological evaluation. The data were analyzed by SPSS 26.0 software. RESULTS: Low concentrations of SrR did not inhibit cell proliferation, and the cells treated with SrR (0.25 mmol/L) showed stronger chondrogenesis than the control. XAV-939, an inhibitor of ß-catenin, significantly promoted chondrogenesis, and SrR did not suppress this effect, while LiCl, an agonist of ß-catenin, strongly suppressed chondrogenesis, and SrR reversed this inhibitory effect. In vivo study showed a significantly better cartilage regeneration and a lower activation level of ß-catenin by SrR-loaded GelMA than the other treatments. CONCLUSION: SrR could promote BMSCs chondrogenic differentiation by inhibiting the Wnt/ß-catenin signaling pathway and accelerate cartilage regeneration in rat femoral condyle defects.


Assuntos
Condrogênese , Via de Sinalização Wnt , Animais , Diferenciação Celular , Células Cultivadas , Masculino , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Tiofenos , beta Catenina/genética , beta Catenina/metabolismo
17.
Sheng Li Xue Bao ; 73(2): 233-243, 2021 Apr 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33903885

RESUMO

There is increasing evidence that long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) plays critical roles in cancer progression. However, the role of long non-coding RNA 00665 (LINC00665) in most cancers is poorly understood. The purpose of the present study was to reveal the functional role of LINC00665 in cervical cancer cells. HeLa cells were subjected to LINC00665 short hairpin RNA (shRNA) or control shRNA treatment to investigate the metastasis and proliferation phenotype of cervical cancer cells in vitro and in vivo. Transcriptome sequencing experiments of HeLa cells in LINC00665 silencing or control group were conducted, and the differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were screened. The DEGs were subjected to Metascape database functional analysis and gene set enrichment analysis. Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) related markers and a key element of WNT/ß­catenin pathway, CTNNB1 (catenin beta 1), were detected by Western blot and immunofluorescence assay. The results showed that silencing LINC00665 reduced cell viability of Hela cells, up-regulated protein expression level of E-cadherin, down-regulated protein expression levels of N-cadherin, Vimentin and CTNNB1, and inhibited cell migration and invasion of HeLa cells. Bioinformatics analysis results showed that LINC00665 might promote EMT by activating WNT-CTNNB1/ß­catenin signaling pathway. These results indicate that LINC00665 has functions in transcriptional EMT regulation via WNT-CTNNB1/ß­catenin signaling pathway and therefore can be developed as a therapeutic target for cervical cancer.


Assuntos
Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal , beta Catenina , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Células HeLa , Humanos , RNA Longo não Codificante , Via de Sinalização Wnt , beta Catenina/genética , beta Catenina/metabolismo
18.
Cancer Med ; 10(10): 3358-3372, 2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33838016

RESUMO

Recent studies have identified microRNAs (miRNAs) as a compelling novel class of biomarker in colorectal cancer (CRC) development and metastasis. Here, we demonstrated that the level of plasma exosomal miR-140-3p in CRC patients was lower than that in healthy controls. The decreased miR-140-3p level was also observed in CRC patients with liver metastasis. The expression of miR-140-3p in CRC tissues were significantly lower than that in matched normal tissues. Functionally, miR-140-3p overexpression suppressed proliferation, migration, invasion, and ß-catenin nuclear translocation, as well as promoted apoptosis in LoVo cells, while inhibition of miR-140-3p reversed these cellular processes in HCT 116 cells. Notably, BCL9 and BCL2 were recognized as direct targets of miR-140-3p. BCL9 knockdown abrogated miR-140-3p inhibitor-induced effects on HCT 116 cells with decreased proliferation, migration, and invasion. BCL2 knockdown increased apoptosis of miR-140-3p inhibitor-transfected HCT 116 cells. In vivo experiments revealed that miR-140-3p overexpression inhibited tumor growth in LoVo xenograft model and diminished metastatic nodules in nude mice liver. Taken together, this work supports that miR-140-3p exerts as a tumor suppressor in CRC progression via targeting BCL9 and BCL2, and suggests miR-140-3p-BCL9/BCL2 axis may be applied in miRNA-based therapy and prognostication of CRC.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , MicroRNAs/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Animais , Apoptose/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Progressão da Doença , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/genética , Células HCT116 , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus , Invasividade Neoplásica/genética , beta Catenina/genética
19.
Stem Cell Res ; 53: 102287, 2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33813173

RESUMO

Recombinant matrices have enabled feeder cell-free maintenance cultures of human pluripotent stem cells (hPSCs), with laminin 511-E8 fragment (LM511-E8) being widely used. However, we herein report that hPSCs maintained on LM511-E8 resist differentiating to multipotent hematopoietic progenitor cells (HPCs), unlike hPSCs maintained on LM421-E8 or LM121-E8. The latter two LM-E8s bound weakly to hPSCs compared with LM511-E8 and activated the canonical Wnt/ß-catenin signaling pathway. Moreover, the extracellular LM-E8-dependent preferential hematopoiesis was associated with a higher expression of integrin ß1 (ITGB1) and downstream integrin-linked protein kinase (ILK), ß-catenin and phosphorylated JUN. Accordingly, the lower coating concentration of LM511-E8 or addition of a Wnt/ß-catenin signaling activator, CHIR99021, facilitated higher HPC yield. In contrast, the inhibition of ILK, Wnt or JNK by inhibitors or mRNA knockdown suppressed the HPC yield. These findings suggest that extracellular laminin scaffolds modulate the hematopoietic differentiation potential of hPSCs by activating the ITGB1-ILK-ß-catenin-JUN axis at the undifferentiated stage. Finally, the combination of low-concentrated LM511-E8 and a revised hPSC-sac method, which adds bFGF, SB431542 and heparin to the conventional method, enabled a higher yield of HPCs and higher rate for definitive hematopoiesis, suggesting a useful protocol for obtaining differentiated hematopoietic cells from hPSCs in general.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Células-Tronco Pluripotentes , Humanos , Integrina beta1 , Laminina , beta Catenina/genética
20.
Stem Cell Res Ther ; 12(1): 242, 2021 04 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33853677

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Human dental follicle cells (DFCs) are the precursor cells of the periodontium with a high potential for regenerative therapies of (alveolar) bone. However, the molecular mechanisms of osteogenic differentiation are inadequately understood. Classical isoforms of protein kinase C (PKC) are reported to inhibit osteogenesis of stem/precursor cells. This study evaluated the role of classical PKCs and potential downstream targets on the osteogenic differentiation of DFCs. METHODS: DFCs were osteogenic differentiated with dexamethasone or bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP2). Expression of PKC and potential upstream/downstream regulators was manipulated using activators, inhibitors, and small interfering ribonucleic acid (siRNA). Expression of proteins was examined by Western blot analysis, while the activation levels of enzymes and transcription factors were examined by their phosphorylation states or by specific activation assays. Expression levels of osteogenic markers were examined by RT-qPCR (reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction) analysis. Activity of alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and accumulation of calcium nodules by Alizarin Red staining were measured as indicators of mineralization. RESULTS: Classical PKCs like PKCα inhibit the osteogenic differentiation of DFCs, but do not interfere with the induction of differentiation. Inhibition of classical PKCs by Gö6976 enhanced activity of Akt after osteogenic induction. Akt was also regulated during differentiation and especially disturbed BMP2-induced mineralization. The PKC/Akt axis was further shown to regulate the canonical Wnt signaling pathway and eventually nuclear expression of active ß-catenin during dexamethasone-induced osteogenesis. Moreover, the nuclear factor "kappa-light-chain-enhancer" of activated B cells (NF-κB) pathway is regulated during osteogenic differentiation of DFCs and via the PKC/Akt axis and disturbs the mineralization. Upstream, parathyroid hormone-related protein (PTHrP) sustained the activity of PKC, while Wnt5a inhibited it. CONCLUSIONS: Our results demonstrate that classical PKCs like PKCα and Akt regulate the osteogenic differentiation of DFCs partly via both ß-catenin and NF-κB.


Assuntos
Osteogênese , beta Catenina , Diferenciação Celular , Células Cultivadas , Saco Dentário , Humanos , NF-kappa B/genética , Isoformas de Proteínas , Proteína Quinase C/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/genética , beta Catenina/genética
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