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1.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31534066

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to confirm the association of the status of implementation of nonsmoking at eating and drinking establishments with the prevalence of persons with subjective symptoms, the prevalence of persons with diseases under treatment, medical expenses, and mortality rate using prefectural data. METHODS: The prefectural rate of eating and drinking establishments implementing nonsmoking (hereafter, nonsmoking rate) was calculated using the data from "Tabelog®". The variables of interest were the prevalence of persons with subjective symptoms, the prevalence of persons with diseases under treatment, medical expenses (total, hospitalization and nonhospitalization expenses), and the mortality rates of malignant neoplasms (lung cancer, stomach cancer, and colon cancer), heart disease, acute myocardial infarction, cerebrovascular disease, cerebral infarction, and pneumonia in each prefecture. The partial correlation coefficient was estimated between the nonsmoking rate and the variable of interest using the smoking rate by prefectural as the control variable. RESULTS: The nonsmoking rate showed a significantly negative correlation with the medical expenses. When eating and drinking establishments were divided into "restaurant", "café", and "bar", the nonsmoking rate also indicated a significantly negative correlation with the medical expenses in any category. It was negatively related to the mortality rates of cerebrovascular disease, cerebral infarction, and pneumonia. The negative correlation was stronger in females than in males. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that the implementation of nonsmoking at eating and drinking establishments may reduce the mortality rates of diseases, such as cerebrovascular disease, cerebral infarction, and pneumonia, and medical expenses. Thus, it is important to implement nonsmoking at eating and drinking establishments in line with the Revised Health Promotion Act.


Assuntos
Transtornos Cerebrovasculares/mortalidade , Gastos em Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Promoção da Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Cardiopatias/mortalidade , Neoplasias/mortalidade , não Fumantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Restaurantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Prevenção do Hábito de Fumar/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Japão/epidemiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio/mortalidade , Pneumonia/mortalidade , Prevalência
2.
BMC Public Health ; 19(1): 1000, 2019 Jul 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31345189

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The dual-process theory is central to several models of addiction, implying the importance of automatic processes in the maintenance and development of addiction. Implicit beliefs are traces of previous experience which relate to the representation in cognition. Implicit behavioral tendencies are traces of previous experience which relate to the representation in behavioral tendencies. In this study, we aim to provide behavioral evidence for implicit beliefs and implicit behavioral tendencies towards smoking-related cues among Chinese male smokers and non-smokers. We also examine the relationships among implicit beliefs, implicit behavioral tendencies and smoking behaviors of smokers. METHODS: In order to achieve these goals, we used an implicit association test (IAT) to measure implicit beliefs and implicit behavioral tendencies simultaneously. Thirty-nine smokers and twenty-five non-smokers were tested, using smoking-related words and images, as well as neutral words and images as stimuli. RESULTS: Our analysis shows significant differences in smokers' and non-smokers' implicit beliefs and behavioral tendencies (t62 = 3.494, p < 0.001; t62 = 5.034, p < 0.001). In the group of smokers, implicit beliefs and implicit behavioral tendencies were positively correlated with each other (r = 0.460, p < 0.01). In addition, smokers' scores for implicit behavioral tendencies are negatively correlated with the number of cigarettes smoked per day (r = - 0.51, p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests that implicit beliefs and behavioral tendencies toward smoking-related cues vary significantly between Chinese male smokers and non-smokers. In addition, there is a positive correlation between implicit beliefs and behavioral tendencies within smokers. It also shows for the first time that the implicit behavioral tendencies are related to smoking behaviors. Our results may be considered as references for smoking cessation interventions focused on changes at the implicit level, and they provide a new perspective for measuring different dimensions of implicit attitudes by an IAT. This finding might promote the development of the network theory of implicit attitudes.


Assuntos
Sinais (Psicologia) , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , não Fumantes/psicologia , Fumantes/psicologia , Fumar/psicologia , China , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Masculino , não Fumantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Fumantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto Jovem
3.
BMC Public Health ; 19(1): 808, 2019 Jun 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31234809

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Sleep problems are common in the general population. Cigarette smoking is common in the general population of China. Examinations of the prevalence of poor sleep quality among Chinese smokers and nonsmokers are still lacking. This study was designed to examine sleep quality and sleep disturbances among cigarette smokers and nonsmokers in the general population in central China. METHODS: In this population-based sampling project, we used a multi-stage sampling method to recruit survey participants from September 2012 to October 2012 in rural and urban areas of Hunan province, China. A total of 27,300 subjects were sampled from the general population and 26,282 completed the self-report of cigarette smoking characteristics. Cigarette smoker was defined as having smoked ≥100 cigarette in a lifetime and smoked during the last 28 days. Cigarette smoking characteristics were obtained from smokers, including cigarettes per day, years of smoking, quit attempts, and smoking cravings. The Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) was applied to assess quality of sleep and sleep disturbances (PSQI score > 5). RESULTS: Significantly more smokers than nonsmokers demonstrated poor sleep quality and sleep disturbances. Among smokers, linear regression analyses showed that poor sleep was inversely associated with cigarettes per day, and positively associated with years of smoking, quit attempts, and smoking craving. Logistic regression analysis showed that quit attempts and smoking cravings were associated with higher odds of sleep disturbances. CONCLUSIONS: Sleep disturbances were more prevalent among cigarette smokers than nonsmokers. Smokers also varied in sleep problems on the basis of the characteristics of their smoking. Smokers should be informed about the link between cigarette smoking and poor sleep quality, and should be advised that one of several important health benefits from smoking cessation could be the improvement of sleep quality. Sleep therapy should be recommended as an adjunctive treatment for smoking cessation.


Assuntos
Fumar Cigarros/efeitos adversos , não Fumantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/epidemiologia , Fumantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , População Rural/estatística & dados numéricos , Sono , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/etiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , População Urbana/estatística & dados numéricos
4.
MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep ; 68(13): 303-307, 2019 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30946736

RESUMO

Tobacco smoking is a major risk factor for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), a debilitating respiratory condition with high mortality and morbidity (1,2). However, an estimated 24% of adults with COPD have never smoked (3,4). Among these persons, 26%-53% of COPD can be attributed to workplace exposures, including dust, fumes, gases, vapors, and secondhand smoke exposure (4-6). To assess industry-specific and occupation-specific COPD prevalence among adults aged ≥18 years who have never smoked and who were employed any time during the past 12 months, CDC analyzed 2013-2017 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) data. Among an estimated 106 million workers who had never smoked, 2.2% (2.4 million) have COPD. Highest prevalences were among workers aged ≥65 years (4.6%), women (3.0%), and those reporting fair/poor health (6.7%). Among industries and occupations, the highest COPD prevalences were among workers in the information industry (3.3%) and office and administrative support occupations (3.3%). Among women, the highest prevalences were among those employed in the information industry (5.1%) and in the transportation and material moving occupation (4.5%), and among men, among those employed in the agriculture, forestry, fishing, and hunting industry (2.3%) and the administrative and support, waste management, and remediation services industry (2.3%). High COPD prevalences in certain industries and occupations among persons who have never smoked underscore the importance of continued surveillance, early identification of COPD, and reduction or elimination of COPD-associated risk factors, such as the reduction of workplace exposures to dust, vapors, fumes, chemicals, and exposure to indoor and outdoor air pollutants.


Assuntos
Indústrias/estatística & dados numéricos , não Fumantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Ocupações/estatística & dados numéricos , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
5.
Pregnancy Hypertens ; 15: 123-129, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30825909

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to examine whether the association between maternal smoking and gestational hypertension varies by the timing of exposure. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study of women identified in 2015 US natality records for singleton births. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Our outcome was whether a woman was diagnosed with gestational hypertension (GH) on the birth record, a category which includes preeclampsia. RESULTS: Women who smoked before and during pregnancy had a reduced risk for GH relative to non-smokers (adjusted RR 0.92, 95% CI 0.90-0.94). In contrast, women who apparently quit just before the start of pregnancy had higher risk than non-smokers (adjusted RR 1.02, 95% CI 1.00-1.05). When the trimester-specific effects were examined, only women who smoked before pregnancy and in all three trimesters had reduced risk for GH. Smoking mothers who quit just before the start of the 3rd trimester had an increased risk for GH compared to non-smokers (adjusted RR 1.08, 95% CI 1.02-1.16). CONCLUSION: In our analysis, women who smoked before pregnancy and in all three trimesters have reduced risk of GH compared to non-smokers, while smokers who reported quitting before pregnancy were at an increased risk. Our results offer new insights into the importance of timing of smoking in pregnancy on risk of GH, and challenge the notion that any smoking during pregnancy has a protective effect.


Assuntos
Hipertensão Induzida pela Gravidez/epidemiologia , Abandono do Hábito de Fumar/estatística & dados numéricos , Fumar/epidemiologia , Adulto , Intervalo entre Nascimentos/estatística & dados numéricos , Ex-Fumantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , National Center for Health Statistics (U.S.) , não Fumantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Vigilância da População , Gravidez , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Fumantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Fatores de Tempo , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
6.
Int Heart J ; 60(2): 366-373, 2019 Mar 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30799383

RESUMO

The diffusing capacity of the lung for carbon monoxide (DLCO) is indicative of the alveolar-capillary membrane function. A reduced DLCO is associated with poor prognosis in chronic heart failure (HF). However, the significance of DLCO as an independent prognostic predictor has not been established. Here, we aimed to determine the prognostic value of DLCO in patients with chronic HF.We enrolled 214 patients (139 females, mean age: 63 ± 16 years, left ventricular ejection fraction [LVEF]: 45 ± 21%) with stable chronic HF who underwent pulmonary function tests. Only never smokers were included in the analysis because smoking can decrease DLCO.During a median follow-up period of 2.1 years, 52 patients (24.3%) experienced cardiac events, including unplanned HF admissions, left ventricular assist device (LVAD) implantations, all-cause deaths, and cardiopulmonary arrests (CPAs). The median percent predicted DLCO (%DLCO) was 87.3%. In a Cox regression analysis, a %DLCO of ≤87.3% was independently associated with the cardiac events, even after adjusting for age, sex, systolic blood pressure (SBP), LVEF, anemia, brain natriuretic peptide, estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), and prior HF admission (hazard ratio [HR]: 1.87, 95% confidence interval: 1.03-3.53, P = 0.030).A reduced DLCO is an independent predictor of poor prognosis in nonsmoking patients with chronic HF.


Assuntos
Monóxido de Carbono/análise , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico , Capacidade de Difusão Pulmonar/métodos , Idoso , Feminino , Seguimentos , Insuficiência Cardíaca/mortalidade , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Japão/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , não Fumantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Avaliação de Resultados (Cuidados de Saúde) , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Testes de Função Respiratória/métodos , Volume Sistólico
7.
Med J Aust ; 210(5): 213-220, 2019 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30656698

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To estimate the burden of pancreatic cancer in Australia attributable to modifiable exposures, particularly smoking. DESIGN: Prospective pooled cohort study. SETTING, PARTICIPANTS: Seven prospective Australian study cohorts (total sample size, 365 084 adults); participant data linked to national registries to identify cases of pancreatic cancer and deaths. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Associations between exposures and incidence of pancreatic cancer, estimated in a proportional hazards model, adjusted for age, sex, study, and other exposures; future burden of pancreatic cancer avoidable by changes in exposure estimated as population attributable fractions (PAFs) for whole population and for specific population subgroups with a method accounting for competing risk of death. RESULTS: There were 604 incident cases of pancreatic cancer during the first 10 years of follow-up. Current and recent smoking explained 21.7% (95% CI, 13.8-28.9%) and current smoking alone explained 15.3% (95% CI, 8.6-22.6%) of future pancreatic cancer burden. This proportion of the burden would be avoidable over 25 years were current smokers to quit and there were no new smokers. The burden attributable to current smoking is greater for men (23.9%; 95% CI, 13.3-33.3%) than for women (7.2%; 95% CI, -0.4% to 14.2%; P = 0.007) and for those under 65 (19.0%; 95% CI, 8.1-28.6%) than for older people (6.6%; 95% CI, 1.9-11.1%; P = 0.030). There were no independent relationships between body mass index or alcohol consumption and pancreatic cancer. CONCLUSIONS: Strategies that reduce the uptake of smoking and encourage current smokers to quit could substantially reduce the future incidence of pancreatic cancer in Australia, particularly among men.


Assuntos
Ex-Fumantes/estatística & dados numéricos , não Fumantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/mortalidade , Fumantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Fumar/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Austrália/epidemiologia , Efeitos Psicossociais da Doença , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/etiologia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/prevenção & controle , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Prospectivos , Sistema de Registros , Fatores de Risco , Abandono do Hábito de Fumar
8.
BMJ ; 364: k4981, 2019 01 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30606716

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To conduct a comprehensive analysis of prospectively measured circulating high sensitivity C reactive protein (hsCRP) concentration and risk of lung cancer overall, by smoking status (never, former, and current smokers), and histological sub-type. DESIGN: Nested case-control study. SETTING: 20 population based cohort studies in Asia, Europe, Australia, and the United States. PARTICIPANTS: 5299 patients with incident lung cancer, with individually incidence density matched controls. EXPOSURE: Circulating hsCRP concentrations in prediagnostic serum or plasma samples. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Incident lung cancer diagnosis. RESULTS: A positive association between circulating hsCRP concentration and the risk of lung cancer for current (odds ratio associated with a doubling in hsCRP concentration 1.09, 95% confidence interval 1.05 to 1.13) and former smokers (1.09, 1.04 to 1.14) was observed, but not for never smokers (P<0.01 for interaction). This association was strong and consistent across all histological subtypes, except for adenocarcinoma, which was not strongly associated with hsCRP concentration regardless of smoking status (odds ratio for adenocarcinoma overall 0.97, 95% confidence interval 0.94 to 1.01). The association between circulating hsCRP concentration and the risk of lung cancer was strongest in the first two years of follow-up for former and current smokers. Including hsCRP concentration in a risk model, in addition to smoking based variables, did not improve risk discrimination overall, but slightly improved discrimination for cancers diagnosed in the first two years of follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: Former and current smokers with higher circulating hsCRP concentrations had a higher risk of lung cancer overall. Circulating hsCRP concentration was not associated with the risk of lung adenocarcinoma. Circulating hsCRP concentration could be a prediagnostic marker of lung cancer rather than a causal risk factor.


Assuntos
Proteína C-Reativa/metabolismo , Carcinoma de Células Grandes/sangue , Carcinoma de Células Pequenas/sangue , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/sangue , Neoplasias Pulmonares/sangue , Fumar/sangue , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores/sangue , Biomarcadores Tumorais/sangue , Carcinoma de Células Grandes/epidemiologia , Carcinoma de Células Pequenas/epidemiologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/epidemiologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Ex-Fumantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , não Fumantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Razão de Chances , Estudos Prospectivos , Medição de Risco , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Fumantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Fumar/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
9.
Future Oncol ; 15(9): 989-994, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30681378

RESUMO

AIM: We investigated outcomes in patients with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and peritoneal involvement. PATIENTS & METHODS: NSCLC patients with peritoneal carcinomatosis (PC) were included. We evaluated mOS1 (overall survival [OS] from NSCLC diagnosis) and mOS2 (OS from diagnosis of PC). RESULTS: In total, 60 NSCLC patients were diagnosed with PC, 12 (20%) patients had a diagnosis of NSCLC and synchronous PC with a median OS of 9 months. Smokers had a shorter mOS1 and mOS2 compared with never-smokers; EGFR-mutated patients on tyrosine kinase inhibitors had longer mOS1 and mOS2 than EGFR wild-type patients. CONCLUSION: Metachronous PC is correlated to a short survival, irrespective of treatment line. Never-smokers and EGFR-mutated patients had improved mOS1 and mOS2 when compared with smokers and EGFR wild-type population.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Pulmonares/mortalidade , Neoplasias Peritoneais/mortalidade , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/farmacologia , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/genética , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/secundário , Receptores ErbB/antagonistas & inibidores , Receptores ErbB/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mutação , não Fumantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Neoplasias Peritoneais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Peritoneais/genética , Neoplasias Peritoneais/secundário , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores Sexuais , Fumantes/estatística & dados numéricos
10.
Food Chem Toxicol ; 125: 210-216, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30615956

RESUMO

A preliminary study by our group suggested that the absorption and accumulation of cadmium may be affected by zinc intake. Tobacco smoke is one major source of cadmium exposure that highly influences cadmium burden among smokers, but it is unclear whether this zinc-cadmium relationship differs by smoking status. The objective of this study was to examine whether the association between zinc intake and cadmium burden differs by smoking status using data from 3900 US adults in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2007-2012. In an adjusted regression model, dietary cadmium was positively associated with blood and urinary cadmium. There was a significant interaction between zinc intake and smoking status, so we analyzed associations within smoking status subgroups. In an adjusted regression model, zinc intake was inversely associated with urinary cadmium only among non-smokers. Failure to meet the Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA) for zinc was more common among current smokers than non-smokers, and among those in the highest quintile of blood and urinary cadmium than those in lower quintiles. Zinc intake was inversely associated with urinary cadmium only among subjects meeting the zinc RDA, suggesting that the relationship between zinc intake and cadmium burden differs by smoking status.


Assuntos
Cádmio/sangue , Cádmio/urina , Fumar/efeitos adversos , Zinco/metabolismo , Adulto , Idoso , Carga Corporal (Radioterapia) , Índice de Massa Corporal , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , não Fumantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Recomendações Nutricionais , Fumantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto Jovem
11.
Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol ; 233: 6-11, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30529257

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to examine the implications of increased maternal Breath Carbon Monoxide (BCO) levels at the first antenatal visit for subsequent birthweight (BW) and neonatal outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: Secondary analysis of a prospective, observational study. Pregnant women aged ≥18years who understood English were recruited (n=250). However, only women who delivered a normally formed baby weighing ≥500g were analysed (n=234). At the first antenatal visit, a research questionnaire was completed and a BCO test was performed. Obstetric and neonatal data computerised by midwives at the first antenatal visit and updated after delivery were also analysed. RESULTS: Results from the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve indicated the highest combined sensitivity and specificity for smoking was observed at a BCO cut-off level of 3ppm (sensitivity 85%, specificity 90%). Of the 234 women, 53 (22.6%) had a BCO ≥3ppm but only 36 (15.4%) disclosed smoking to the midwife on routine questioning. A further 23 (9.8%) were classified as non-disclosers based on a research questionnaire and/or a BCO measurement ≥3ppm. No relationship was found between the self-reported number of cigarettes daily in early pregnancy and BW (r=0.05, p=0.78). However, an inverse relationship was found between maternal BCO levels and BW (r=-0.31, p<0.001). BCO levels ≥3ppm in early pregnancy were associated with an increased risk of emergency caesarean section, low birth weight, BW <25th centile, fetal distress and having two or more adverse pregnancy events (all p<0.05). Smoking non-disclosers had babies with decreased BWs (-400.1g, 95% CI 141.1-659.0g, p<0.001), and higher rates of BW <25th centile (56.5% versus 25.3%, p<0.001), small-for-gestational-age (21.7% versus 9.1%, p<0.001) and fetal distress (39.1% versus 16.0%, p<0.01) compared to non-smokers Non-disclosers at the first antenatal visit also had a 22% higher rate of having two or more adverse pregnancy events (p<0.05). CONCLUSION: The results showed that an increased BCO level was associated with a lower BW and increased risk of adverse pregnancy and neonatal outcomes. This strengthens the case for universal BCO screening at the first antenatal visit. A high BCO reading should be an indication for referral to stop smoking services referral and close fetal surveillance.


Assuntos
Peso ao Nascer , Monóxido de Carbono/análise , Fumar/epidemiologia , Adulto , Testes Respiratórios/métodos , Cesárea/estatística & dados numéricos , Revelação , Feminino , Sofrimento Fetal/epidemiologia , Humanos , Recém-Nascido de Baixo Peso , Recém-Nascido , Recém-Nascido Pequeno para a Idade Gestacional , não Fumantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Gravidez , Nascimento Prematuro/epidemiologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Fumantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos e Questionários
12.
Ann Ig ; 30(6): 502-508, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30614499

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: During the university period, student wellbeing is exposed to the negative effects of many stressful factors, including the use and abuse of alcoholic beverages. The aim of this study is to estimate the risky alcohol consumption within the student population of the University of Palermo. MATERIAL AND METHODS: An anonymous online questionnaire was provided to students enrolled in the mailing list of the Regional Agency for the Right to University Study (ERSU) of the University of Palermo. the first section investigated demographic and social data, while in the second section the A.U.D.I.T. C (Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test-Consumption) test was administered. RESULTS: 539 subjects agreed to the informed consent and completed the questionnaire. The average age of the sample is 22.65 years (SD ± 2.95). Considering as dependent variable "students with risky consumption of alcohol", the statistically significant independent variables associated were: "age class ≤22 years old" (aOR 2.02, 95% CI 1.18-3.44, p=0.019), "don't live with own family" (aOR 3.21, 95% CI 1.81-5.69, p&0.001) and "I currently smoke" (aOR 6.44, 95% CI 3.85-10.79, p&0.001). CONCLUSIONS: The results of the study show that about 19% of students experience risky alcohol consumption. This percentage seems not to be gender related. Information and training campaigns focused on alcoholism and related risks are of great importance in order to educate students on the socio-economic costs of alcohol related diseases to public health; parents can play a crucial role in minimising the use of alcohol in their sons/children through dialogue if properly trained to address these issues. In fact, our study seems to show that those who no longer live in the household have a higher risk of alcohol consumption.


Assuntos
Consumo de Álcool na Faculdade , Estudantes , Intervalos de Confiança , Feminino , Humanos , Itália , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , não Fumantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Razão de Chances , Características de Residência/estatística & dados numéricos , Fatores de Risco , Fumantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos e Questionários/estatística & dados numéricos , Universidades/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto Jovem
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