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1.
Braz. j. biol ; 82: e235781, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153480

ABSTRACT

Abstract Resveratrol, a natural polyphenol found in tempeh, has not been investigated especially in vitro as a neuroprotective agent against 2-methoxyethanol (2-ME)-induced beta-amyloid cytotoxicity. Beta amyloid peptides (Aβ) could initiate neurotoxic events and neuron-inflammatory response via microglial activation. However, it remains unknown whether the neurotoxic effect of beta-amyloid and/or associated with the potential of 2-ME to induce neurotoxic effects on primary culture of nerve cells induced by 2-ME. This study investigated potential neuroprotective of trans-resveratrol a promising agent tempeh and soybean seed coats-derived against beta-amyloid cytotoxicity on primary culture of nerve cells induced by 2-methoxyethanol. Biotium and MTT assays were used to analyze neurons, which were isolated from the cerebral cortex of fetal mice at gestation day 19 (GD-19). A standard solution of 2-methoxyethanol was dosed at 10 μL. The cultured cells were randomly divided into the following groups: (1) 2-ME group + resveratrol standard, (2) 2-ME group + resveratrol isolated from tempeh, (3) 2-ME group + resveratrol isolated from soybean seed coats, and (4) the control group, without the addition of either 2-ME or resveratrol. Exposure of the primary cortical neuron cells to beta-amyloid monoclonal antibody pre-incubated for 24 h with 10 µL of 4.2 µg/mL resveratrol and 7.5 mmol/l 2-methoxy-ethanol additions. Here, we report that the addition of 2-ME and resveratrol (standard and isolated from tempeh) of cell culture at concentrations of 1.4, 2.8 and 4.2 µg/mL showed that the majority of neurons grew well. In contrast, after exposure to 2-ME and Beta-amyloid, showed that glial activated. These findings demonstrate a role for resveratrol in neuroprotective-neurorescuing action.


Resumo O resveratrol, um polifenol natural encontrado em tempê, não foi investigado apenas in vitro como agente neuroprotetor contra a citotoxicidade beta-amiloide induzida por 2-metoxietanol (2-ME). Os peptídeos beta-amiloides (Aβ) podem iniciar eventos neurotóxicos e resposta inflamatória dos neurônios via ativação microglial. No entanto, permanece desconhecido se o efeito neurotóxico do peptídeo beta-amiloide associado ao potencial do 2-ME causa efeitos neurotóxicos na cultura primária de células nervosas induzidas pelo 2-ME. Este estudo investigou o potencial neuroprotetor do agente trans-resveratrol em cascas de sementes de soja e tempê derivadas da citotoxicidade beta-amiloide na cultura primária de células nervosas induzidas pelo 2-metoxietanol. Ensaios de biotium e MTT foram utilizados para analisar os neurônios isolados do córtex cerebral de camundongos fetais no dia da gestação 19 (GD-19). As células cultivadas foram divididas aleatoriamente nos seguintes grupos: (1) grupo 2-ME + padrão de resveratrol; (2) grupo 2-ME + resveratrol isolado de tempê; (3) grupo 2-ME + resveratrol isolado de cascas de sementes de soja; e (4) grupo controle, sem a adição de 2-ME ou resveratrol. Houve exposição das células primárias dos neurônios corticais ao anticorpo monoclonal beta-amiloide pré-incubado por 24 horas, com 10 µL de 4,2 µg/mL de resveratrol, e adições de 7,5 mmol/l de 2-metoxietanol. A adição de 2-ME e resveratrol (padrão e isolado do tempê) da cultura de células nas concentrações de 1,4, 2,8 e 4,2 µg/mL mostrou que a maioria dos neurônios cresceu bem. Por outro lado, após a exposição ao 2-ME e beta-amiloide, a glia foi ativada. Esses achados demonstram um papel do resveratrol na ação neuroprotetora e de neurorresgate.

2.
Braz. j. biol ; 81(3): 592-600, July-Sept. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153379

ABSTRACT

Abstract Understanding the relation between the environmental stress factors and the hypothalamus-pituitary-thyroid (HPT) axis efficiency can reduce the susceptibility to thyroid diseases. In our study, thyroid dysfunction was induced in female rats by administration of 40 mg Na F/kg.bd.wt/day for a month. Co-administration of the water extract of Arca noae (300 mg/kg. bw) was tested as a treatment for Na F induced thyroid dysfunction. A group of rats injected Arca noae extract only (300 mg/kg.bd.wt) was performed to observe the impact of the extract on the (HPT) axis in addition to the normal control group. Results showed that there was a significant decrease in serum triglycerides, total protein and albumin levels in the fluoride supplemented group in addition to abnormal levels of TSH, (T4) and (T3) compared to the control group. In the treated group there was an improvement in the proteins level and lipid profile but pseudo-corrected serum (T4) and (T3) levels were observed in addition to a continuous increase in TSH level. Histological findings confirmed the harmful effect of fluoride on both the non treated and the treated groups. Consequently, fluoride supplementation must be considered as a harmful stress that may affect permanently the HPT axis.


Resumo Compreender a relação entre os fatores de estresse ambiental e o eixo hipotálamo-hipófise-tireoide (HPT) pode reduzir a suscetibilidade a doenças da tireoide. Em nosso estudo, a disfunção tireoidiana foi induzida em ratos fêmeas pela administração de 40 mg Na F/kg.bw/dia durante um mês. A administração concomitante do extrato aquoso de Arca noae (300 mg/kg.Pc) foi testada como tratamento para a disfunção tireoidiana induzida por Na F. Um grupo de ratos injetados apenas com extrato de Arca noae (300 mg/kg. Pc) foi pré-formado com o intuito de observar o impacto do extrato no eixo (HPT), além do grupo controle normal. Os resultados mostraram que houve uma diminuição significativa nos níveis séricos de triglicerídeos, proteína total e albumina no grupo suplementado com fluoreto, além de níveis anormais de TSH, (T4) e (T3) em comparação ao grupo controle. No grupo tratado, houve uma melhora no nível de proteínas e perfil lipídico. Os níveis séricos pseudocorrigidos (T4) e (T3) foram observados, além de um aumento contínuo no nível de TSH. Os achados histológicos confirmaram o efeito prejudicial do flúor nos grupos não tratado e tratado. Consequentemente, a suplementação de flúor é considerada um estresse prejudicial que pode afetar permanentemente o eixo HPT.

3.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 47(3): 596-609, May-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1154501

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: Many medical therapies have been tested to deal with urinary stent-related symptoms (USRS). Several preventive and pharmaceutical methods have been already used for better compatibility of stents. However, the existing evidence for pharmacological treatment is still controversial. This study aims to evaluate the effects of pregabalin, solifenacin, and combination therapy on ureteral double-J stent-related symptoms following ureteroscopy and transureteral lithotripsy (TUL). Materials and methods: In a randomized controlled clinical trial, from November 2017 to March 2019, 256 patients who underwent ureteroscopy were enrolled. Patients were randomly divided into four groups including: group A received pregabalin 75mg BID (twice daily), group B received solifenacin 5mg orally once daily, group C received combination of pregabalin and solifenacin and the group D (control) given no drugs. Results: One hundred and fifty-one (58.9%) males and 101 (41.1%) females were enrolled in this study with a mean age of 43.47±7 (p=0.32, p=0.67). USSQ domains score such as urinary symptoms, pain, general condition, work performance, sexual matters and additional problems were significantly differenced during second and fourth week of follow-up among study groups (p <0.0001). In Tukey's multiple comparison test, urinary symptoms (p=0.735), pain (p=0.954) and sexual matters (p=0.080) in second week and work performance in forth week in group B was not significantly better than group D. Only group C in all indexes of USSQ showed significantly beneficial effects over group D (p <0.0001). Conclusion: Combination therapy of pregabalin and solifenacin has a significant effect on stent-related symptoms and is preferred over monotherapy of the respected medications.

4.
Braz. j. biol ; 81(2): 351-360, Jan.-May 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153372

ABSTRACT

Abstract Lower respiratory tract infections (LRTIs) caused by Pseudomonas aeruginosa are the most common infection among hospitalized patients, associated with increased levels of morbidity, mortality and attributable health care costs. Increased resistant Pseudomonas worldwide has been quite meaningful to patients, especially in intensive care unit (ICUs). Different species of Pseudomonas exhibit different genetic profile and varied drug resistance. The present study determines the molecular epidemiology through DNA fingerprinting method and drug resistance of P. aeruginosa isolated from patients with LTRIs admitted in ICU. A total of 79 P. aeruginosa isolated from patients with LRTIs admitted in ICU were characterized by Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism (RFLP), Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA (RAPD) and Repetitive Extrapalindromic PCR (REP-PCR). Antibiotic resistance was determined by minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) assay while MDR genes, viz, blaTEM, blaOXA, blaVIM, blaCTX-M-15 were detected by polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Of the 137 Pseudomonas sp isolated from ICU patients, 57.7% of the isolates were reported to be P. aeruginosa. The overall prevalence of P. aeruginosa among the all included patients was 34.5%. The RAPD analysis yielded 45 different patterns with 72 clusters with 57% to 100% similarity level. The RFLP analysis yielded 8 different patterns with 14 clusters with 76% to 100% similarity level. The REP PCR analysis yielded 37 different patterns with 65 clusters with 56% to 100% similarity level. There was no correlation among the different DNA patterns observed between the three different methods. Predominant of the isolates (46.8%) were resistant to amikacin. Of the 79 isolates, 60.8% were positive for blaTEM gene and 39.2% were positive for blaOXA gene. P. aeruginosa was predominantly isolated from patients with LRTIs admitted in ICU. The difference in the similarity level observed between the three DNA fingerprinting methods indicates that there is high inter-strain variability. The high genetic variability and resistance patterns indicates that we should continuously monitor the trend in the prevalence and antibiotic resistance of P. aeruginosa especially in patients with LRTIs admitted in ICU.


Resumo Infecções do trato respiratório inferior (ITRIs) são as infecções mais comuns entre pacientes internados em unidade de terapia intensiva (UTI). Pseudomonas aeruginosa é a causa mais comum de ITRIs e está associada ao aumento da mortalidade. Diferentes espécies de Pseudomonas exibem diferentes perfis genéticos e resistência variada as drogas. O presente estudo determina a epidemiologia molecular através do método de fingerprinting de DNA e resistência as drogas de P. aeruginosa isoladas de pacientes com LTRIs internados em UTI. Um total de 79 P. aeruginosa isoladas de pacientes com ITRIs internados em UTI foram caracterizados por Polimorfismo de Comprimento de Fragmentos de Restrição (RFLP), DNA Polimórfico Amplificado ao Acaso (RAPD) e PCR Extrapalindrômico Repetitivo (REP-PCR). A resistência aos antibióticos foram determinadas pelos ensaios de concentrações inibitória mínima (MIC), enquanto os genes MDR, blaTEM, blaOXA, blaVIM, blaCTX-M-15 foram detectados pela reação em cadeia da polimerase (PCR). Das 137 Pseudomonas sp isoladas de pacientes de UTI, 57,7% dos isolados foram relatados como P. aeruginosa. A prevalência geral de P. aeruginosa entre os pacientes incluídos foram de 34,5%. A análise RAPD renderam 45 padrões diferentes com 72 clusters com nível de similaridade de 57% a 100%. A análise RFLP renderam 8 padrões diferentes com 14 clusters com 76% a 100% de similaridade. A análise de PCR do REP produziram 37 padrões diferentes com 65 clusters com nível de similaridade de 56% a 100%. Não houveram correlações entre os diferentes padrões de DNA observados entre os três diferentes métodos. Predominantes dos isolados (46,8%) eram resistentes à amicacina. Dos 79 isolados, 60,8% foram positivos para o gene blaTEM e 39,2% foram positivos para o gene blaOXA. P. aeruginosa foi predominantemente isolado de pacientes com ITRIs internados em UTI. A diferença no nível de similaridade observado entre os três métodos de fingerprinting do DNA indica que há alta variabilidade inter-strain. A alta variabilidade genética e os padrões de resistência indicam que devemos monitorar continuamente a tendência na prevalência e resistência a antibióticos de P. aeruginosa, especialmente em pacientes com ITRIs internados em UTI.

5.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 34(2): 188-196, Mar.-Apr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1154556

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background Patients with heart failure often experience depression, anxiety, and impacts on quality of life. Psychotherapeutic interventions have been used for chronic conditions, including cardiovascular diseases, showing improvement in mental health. However, no studies have assessed the effects of a psychological intervention using psychoanalysis on patients with heart failure. Objective To assess the effect of short-term psychotherapy on depressive symptoms, anxiety, and quality of life of patients seen at a specialty clinic. Method A randomized clinical trial with scales to assess outcomes before and after psychotherapy, under the perspective of psychoanalysis, with 12 weekly sessions. The Beck Depression Inventory, the Beck Anxiety Inventory, and the Minnesota Living with Heart Failure Questionnaire were used. The mean initial and final scores for quality of life, anxiety, and depression were compared using Student's t-test for independent samples when distribution was normal, or Mann-Whitney test when distribution was non-normal. A bivariate p-value < 0.05 was considered statistically significant for all analyses. Results This study involved 32 patients, 50% were female, mean age was 64.3±11.6, and most participants were New York Heart Association (NYHA) functional class I (56.3%). For anxiety (p = 0.196), there was no statistically significant difference between groups. For quality of life and depression, there was a statistical difference (p = 0.009 and 0.035, respectively), with a medium effect (Cohen's d = 0.593) on quality of life. Conclusion Short-term psychotherapy in outpatients with heart failure showed an impact on depression and quality of life but did not improve anxiety. Int J Cardiovasc Sci. 2020; [online].ahead print, PP.0-0

6.
Rev. ecuat. pediatr ; 22(1): 1-10, Abril 30, 2021.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1222381

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La hipercolesterolemia familiar (HF) un trastorno genético autosómico domi-nante que produce un desarrollo prematuro de enfermedades cardiovasculares. Las estati-nas han sido el medicamento de elección en estos pacientes, sin embargo, un buen por-centaje de pacientes no pueden alcanzar sus objetivos terapéuticas con las dosis máximas por lo que la Lomitapida se podría establecer como una nueva alternativa de tratamiento. Objetivo: El objetivo de esta revisión sistemática es determinar si la Lomitapida reduce los eventos cardiovasculares en pacientes con diagnóstico de Hipercolesterolemia familiar comparado con estatinas. Métodos: Se incluirán ensayos controlados aleatorios (ECA) y cuasialeatorios de pacientes con diagnóstico de HF. Las medidas de resultado los niveles de LDL, HDL pos tratamiento y eventos cardiovasculares. Las búsquedas electrónicas se realizarán en PUBMED, The Coch-rane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), EMBASE y Scientific electronic library (Scielo). En la evaluación del riesgo de sesgo se utilizará la herramienta de Cochrane. Las medidas del efecto del tratamiento serán las diferencias de medias (DM) y los intervalos de confianza (IC) del 95%. La evaluación de heterogeneidad se realizará mediante la inspec-ción visual del diagrama de embudo. La evaluación de la calidad de la evidencia se reali-zará usando la evaluación GRADE.


Introduction: Familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) is an autosomal dominant genetic disor-der that produces hypercholesterolemia and premature development of cardiovascular diseas-es. Statins are the drug of choice in these patients; however, a high percentage of patients cannot achieve their therapeutic goals with the maximum recommended doses, so Lo-mitapide may prove to be useful as a new treatment alternative to traditional statins. Objective: The objective of this systematic review is to determine if Lomitapide is better than statins at reducing cardiovascular events in patients with a diagnosis of FH. Methods: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and quasi-randomized trials of patients di-agnosed with FH will be included. Primary outcome measures included several parameters: 1. Post-treatment low- and high-density lipoprotein (LDL and HDL, respectively) levels and 2. Presence of cardiovascular events. Electronic searches will be conducted in PUBMED, The Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), EMBASE, and the scientific elec-tronic library (Scielo). The assessment of the risk of bias will be used by the Cochrane tool. The measures of the treatment effect will be considered the mean differences (MD) and the 95% confidence intervals (CI). The evaluation of heterogeneity will be done by visual inspec-tion of the funnel diagram. The evaluation of the quality of the evidence will be done using the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) ap-proach.


Subject(s)
Cardiovascular Diseases , Systematic Review , Hydroxymethylglutaryl CoA Reductases , Lipoproteins, LDL , Protocols , Hypercholesterolemia , Cholesterol, LDL , Anticholesteremic Agents
7.
Rev. ecuat. pediatr ; 22(1): 1-10, Abril 30, 2021.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1222382

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La hipercolesterolemia familiar (HF) un trastorno genético autosómico domi-nante que produce un desarrollo prematuro de enfermedades cardiovasculares. Las estati-nas han sido el medicamento de elección en estos pacientes, sin embargo, un buen por-centaje de pacientes no pueden alcanzar sus objetivos terapéuticas con las dosis máximas por lo que la Lomitapida se podría establecer como una nueva alternativa de tratamiento. Objetivo: El objetivo de esta revisión sistemática es determinar si la Lomitapida reduce los eventos cardiovasculares en pacientes con diagnóstico de Hipercolesterolemia familiar comparado con estatinas. Métodos: Se incluirán ensayos controlados aleatorios (ECA) y cuasialeatorios de pacientes con diagnóstico de HF. Las medidas de resultado los niveles de LDL, HDL pos tratamiento y eventos cardiovasculares. Las búsquedas electrónicas se realizarán en PUBMED, The Coch-rane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), EMBASE y Scientific electronic library (Scielo). En la evaluación del riesgo de sesgo se utilizará la herramienta de Cochrane. Las medidas del efecto del tratamiento serán las diferencias de medias (DM) y los intervalos de confianza (IC) del 95%. La evaluación de heterogeneidad se realizará mediante la inspec-ción visual del diagrama de embudo. La evaluación de la calidad de la evidencia se reali-zará usando la evaluación GRADE.


Introduction: Familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) is an autosomal dominant genetic disor-der that produces hypercholesterolemia and premature development of cardiovascular diseas-es. Statins are the drug of choice in these patients; however, a high percentage of patients cannot achieve their therapeutic goals with the maximum recommended doses, so Lo-mitapide may prove to be useful as a new treatment alternative to traditional statins. Objective: The objective of this systematic review is to determine if Lomitapide is better than statins at reducing cardiovascular events in patients with a diagnosis of FH. Methods: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and quasi-randomized trials of patients di-agnosed with FH will be included. Primary outcome measures included several parameters: 1. Post-treatment low- and high-density lipoprotein (LDL and HDL, respectively) levels and 2. Presence of cardiovascular events. Electronic searches will be conducted in PUBMED, The Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), EMBASE, and the scientific elec-tronic library (Scielo). The assessment of the risk of bias will be used by the Cochrane tool. The measures of the treatment effect will be considered the mean differences (MD) and the 95% confidence intervals (CI). The evaluation of heterogeneity will be done by visual inspec-tion of the funnel diagram. The evaluation of the quality of the evidence will be done using the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) ap-proach.


Subject(s)
Cardiovascular Diseases , Systematic Review , Hydroxymethylglutaryl CoA Reductases , Lipoproteins, LDL , Protocols , Hypercholesterolemia , Cholesterol, LDL , Anticholesteremic Agents
8.
Rev. ecuat. pediatr ; 22(1): 1-10, Abril 30, 2021.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1222385

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La hipercolesterolemia familiar (HF) un trastorno genético autosómico domi-nante que produce un desarrollo prematuro de enfermedades cardiovasculares. Las estati-nas han sido el medicamento de elección en estos pacientes, sin embargo, un buen por-centaje de pacientes no pueden alcanzar sus objetivos terapéuticas con las dosis máximas por lo que la Lomitapida se podría establecer como una nueva alternativa de tratamiento. Objetivo: El objetivo de esta revisión sistemática es determinar si la Lomitapida reduce los eventos cardiovasculares en pacientes con diagnóstico de Hipercolesterolemia familiar comparado con estatinas. Métodos: Se incluirán ensayos controlados aleatorios (ECA) y cuasialeatorios de pacientes con diagnóstico de HF. Las medidas de resultado los niveles de LDL, HDL pos tratamiento y eventos cardiovasculares. Las búsquedas electrónicas se realizarán en PUBMED, The Coch-rane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), EMBASE y Scientific electronic library (Scielo). En la evaluación del riesgo de sesgo se utilizará la herramienta de Cochrane. Las medidas del efecto del tratamiento serán las diferencias de medias (DM) y los intervalos de confianza (IC) del 95%. La evaluación de heterogeneidad se realizará mediante la inspec-ción visual del diagrama de embudo. La evaluación de la calidad de la evidencia se reali-zará usando la evaluación GRADE.


Introduction: Familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) is an autosomal dominant genetic disor-der that produces hypercholesterolemia and premature development of cardiovascular diseas-es. Statins are the drug of choice in these patients; however, a high percentage of patients cannot achieve their therapeutic goals with the maximum recommended doses, so Lo-mitapide may prove to be useful as a new treatment alternative to traditional statins. Objective: The objective of this systematic review is to determine if Lomitapide is better than statins at reducing cardiovascular events in patients with a diagnosis of FH. Methods: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and quasi-randomized trials of patients di-agnosed with FH will be included. Primary outcome measures included several parameters: 1. Post-treatment low- and high-density lipoprotein (LDL and HDL, respectively) levels and 2. Presence of cardiovascular events. Electronic searches will be conducted in PUBMED, The Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), EMBASE, and the scientific elec-tronic library (Scielo). The assessment of the risk of bias will be used by the Cochrane tool. The measures of the treatment effect will be considered the mean differences (MD) and the 95% confidence intervals (CI). The evaluation of heterogeneity will be done by visual inspec-tion of the funnel diagram. The evaluation of the quality of the evidence will be done using the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) ap-proach.


Subject(s)
Cardiovascular Diseases , Systematic Review , Hydroxymethylglutaryl CoA Reductases , Lipoproteins, LDL , Protocols , Hypercholesterolemia , Cholesterol, LDL , Anticholesteremic Agents
9.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 119(2): 76-82, abril 2021. tab
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1151224

ABSTRACT

Introducción. El objetivo de este estudio fue analizar recursos disponibles, guías utilizadas y preparación para la atención de neonatos en maternidades de Argentina durante la pandemia de COVID-19.Método. Estudio transversal mediante una encuesta enviada a equipos médicos y de enfermería. En mayo de 2020, se contactaron instituciones de más de 500 nacimientos anuales en la Argentina, el 58 % del sector público.Resultados. Respondieron 104/147 instituciones (el 71 %). Todas contaban con guías para la atención durante la pandemia, y un 93 % refirió haber recibido capacitación para su uso. No autorizaban la presencia de acompañante en el parto el 26 % de instituciones privadas y el 60 % de las públicas (p < 0,01). El 87 % recomendaba ligadura oportuna del cordón, el 62 % promovía internación conjunta en neonatos asintomáticos, un 70 % recomendaba la puesta al pecho con medidas de protección, y el 23 %, leche materna mediante biberón. El 94 % restringía el ingreso de familiares a Neonatología.Las dificultades incluyeron imposibilidad de contar con habitaciones individuales para neonatos sintomáticos y potencial limitación del personal de salud y equipos de protección personal.Conclusiones. Todas las instituciones conocen las guías nacionales para enfrentar la pandemia. La mayoría cuenta con recursos para respetar las medidas de protección recomendadas. Existe incertidumbre sobre si, ante un aumento significativo en el número de casos, serán suficientes los elementos de protección personal, el personal y el espacio físico disponible en los distintos centros


Introduction. The objective of this study was to analyze available resources, guidelines in use, and preparedness to care for newborn infants at maternity centers in Argentina during the COVID-19 pandemic.Method. Cross-sectional study based on a survey administered to medical and nursing staff. In May 2020, Argentine facilities with more than 500 annual births were contacted; 58 % of these were from the public sector.Results. In total, 104/147 facilities answered (71 %). All had guidelines for care during the pandemic, and 93 % indicated they had been trained on how to use them. A companion was not allowed during childbirth in 26 % of private facilities and in 60 % of public ones (p < 0.01). Deferred cord clamping was recommended in 87 %; rooming-in with asymptomatic newborns was promoted in 62 %; breastfeeding using protective measures was recommended in 70 %; and breast milk using a bottle, in 23 %. In 94 %, family visiting in the Neonatology Unit was restricted.Difficulties included the unavailability of individual rooms for symptomatic newborn infants and a potential shortage of health care staff and personal protective equipment.Conclusions. All facilities are aware of the national guidelines to fight the pandemic. Most have the resources to comply with the recommended protective measures. There is uncertainty as to whether personal protective equipment, staff, and physical space available at the different facilities would be enough if cases increased significantly


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Adult , Middle Aged , Strategies , Coronavirus Infections , Preparedness , Patient Care Team , Argentina , Security Measures , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Personal Protective Equipment , Hospitals, Maternity , Neonatology
10.
Rev. cuba. anestesiol. reanim ; 20(1): e682, ene.-abr. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1156372

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Múltiples son los artículos publicados que abordan el tema de la ciencia abierta y su importancia para la sociedad, especialmente para la comunidad de investigadores. Esta constituye, ineludiblemente, el presente y futuro de las revistas científicas como método de expandir las investigaciones con alta calidad y credibilidad. La ciencia abierta como movimiento, tiene varios componentes y dentro de ellos, la gestión de citas y referencias de datos, códigos y materiales, que fundamentan la necesidad de que los autores tengan disponibles los contenidos subyacentes a los artículos que se publican y que constituyen la base de los resultados obtenidos en cada investigación. Objetivo: Evaluación de la eficacia de los protocolos de recuperación mejorada en cirugía cardiaca. Métodos: El protocolo que se propone fue elaborado por la investigadora principal (registro público cubano de ensayos clínicos RPCEC00000304) y se describe acorde a las recomendaciones de la lista internacional de chequeo para ensayos clínicos (SPIRIT). Conclusiones: Estarían en relación a si se puede demostrar, después de terminada la investigación, si el protocolo motivo de la Intervención, es mejor, igual o peor que el protocolo de control(AU)


Introduction: There are multiple articles published that address the subject of open science and its importance for society, especially for the research community. This constitutes, inevitably, the present and future of scientific journals as a method of expanding research with high quality and credibility. Open science, as a movement, has several components including the management of citations and references of data, codes and materials, which support the need for authors to have available the underlying content of the articles published and constituting the base for the results obtained in each investigation. Objective: Assessment of the efficacy of improved recovery protocols in cardiac surgery. Methods: The proposed protocol was prepared by the main researcher (Cuban public registry of clinical trials: RPCEC00000304) and is described according to the recommendations of the international checklist for clinical trials (SPIRIT). Conclusions: They would be related to whether it can be demonstrated, after the end of the investigation, if the protocol reason for the intervention is better, equal to, or worse than the control protocol(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Myocardial Ischemia/epidemiology , Protocols , Enhanced Recovery After Surgery/standards , Perioperative Care/standards , Perioperative Medicine/methods
11.
Rev. bras. ativ. fís. saúde ; 26: 1-7, mar. 2021. fig
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1223187

ABSTRACT

This non-randomized clinical trial aimed to analyze the impact of the Brazilian samba training protocol on the balance and quality of life of people with Parkinson's disease. Forty-seven individuals participated, with a mean age of 68 ± 9.3 years-old, 24 from the control group (CG) and 23 from the experimental group (EG). The CG was formed by those who did not participate in the interven-tion, and the EG by individuals who participated in the Brazilian samba dance protocol. This study was divided into pre-intervention (before 12 weeks) and post-intervention (after 12 weeks) with a questionnaire consisting of: Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE); Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS); Quality of life (PDQ-39); Berg's Balance Scale; Perception of perceived changes. The results point to a significant improvement after the intervention in the UPDRS (p < 0.001) and balance (p = 0.006) of the EG; in the quality of life of the EG after intervention in the mobility (p = 0.009) and total (p = 0.034) domains; and in the post-intervention period in the cog-nitive (p = 0.025) and communication (p = 0.032) domains of the EG and CG. Thus, it is concluded that the Brazilian samba rhythm has been shown to be effective in improving the total UPDRS, balance and quality of life, as well as in mobility, cognition and communication


Esse ensaio clínico não randomizado teve como objetivo analisar o impacto do protocolo de treinamento de samba brasileiro no equilíbrio e na qualidade de vida de pessoas com a doença de Parkinson. Participaram quarenta e sete indivíduos, média de idade de 68 ± 9,3 anos, 24 do grupo controle (GC) e 23 do grupo experimental (GE). O GC foi formado por aqueles que não participaram da intervenção, e o GE por indivíduos que participaram do protocolo de dança do samba brasileiro. Este estudo foi dividido em pré-intervenção (antes das 12 semanas) e pós-intervenção (após as 12 semanas) com um questionário composto por: Mini Exame do Estado Mental (MEEM); Escala Unificada de Avaliação de Doença de Parkinson (UPDRS); Qualidade de vida (PDQ-39); Escala de Equilíbrio de Berg; Percepção das mudanças percebidas. Os resul-tados apontam para uma melhora significativa após a intervenção no UPDRS (p < 0,001) e equilíbrio (p = 0,006) do GE; na qualidade de vida do GE pós intervenção nos dominios mobilidade (p = 0,009) e total (p = 0,034); e no período pós intervenção nos domínios cognitivos (p = 0,025) e comunicação (p = 0,032) do GE e GC. Desta forma conclui-se que o ritmo samba brasileiro tem se mostrado eficaz na melhora do UPDRS total, do equilíbrio e da qualidade de vida, como na mobilidade, cognição e comunicação


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Parkinson Disease , Quality of Life , Music
12.
J. health sci. (Londrina) ; 23(1): https://revista.pgsskroton.com/index.php/JHealthSci/article/view/7618, 20210330.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1179417

ABSTRACT

The acrylic resin used for the prosthesis base accumulates biofilm, causing diseases such as stomatitis. The addition of some nanoparticles promotes antimicrobial action. This study incorporated the nanostructured silver vanadate decorated with silver nanoparticles (AgVO3) to the acrylic resin by two methods and evaluated the cytotoxicity for human gingival fibroblasts (HGF) and the released silver and vanadium ions. The concentrations of 0.5, 1, 2.5, and 5% of AgVO3 was incorporated by vacuum spatulation and polymeric film. The vacuum spatulation was performed for 60 s using the Turbomix equipment, and the polymeric film was obtained from the polymer solubilization in chloroform, the film was subjected to a cryogenic grinding, and the powder obtained was manually mixed at the monomer. HGF cell viability was assessed after 24 hours, 7 and 14 days by the MTT assay. The release of silver (Ag) and vanadium (V) ions were quantified by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry after 30 days. Kruskal-Wallis and Dunn's test were applied (α = 0.05). The HGF viability was inversely proportional to the incubation time. Both incorporation techniques and the negative and positive control groups presented significant statistical differences (p<0.05). The experimental groups presented no statistical difference compared to the negative control (p>0.05), except the vacuum spatulation group with 5% of AgVO3 that showed greater viability than the negative control (p=0.013) in 24 hours. The release of Ag and V ions was proportional to the concentration of AgVO3 The 5% group presented a significant difference compared to the other groups (p<0.05). In conclusion, the acrylic resin with and without the AgVO3 incorporation had a small cytotoxic potential for HGF in 24 hours, with a lower viability in longer contact times; the release of Ag and V ions was proportional to the concentration of AgVO3, not influencing cell viability. (AU)


A resina acrílica utilizada para a base da prótese acumula biofilme, causando doenças como a estomatite. A adição de algumas nanopartículas promove ação antimicrobiana. Este estudo incorporou o vanadato de prata nanoestruturado decorado com nanopartículas de prata (AgVO3) à resina acrílica por dois métodos e avaliou a citotoxicidade para fibroblastos gengivais humanos (HGF) e os íons prata e vanádio liberados. As concentrações de 0,5%, 1%, 2,5% e 5% de AgVO3 foram incorporadas por espatulação a vácuo e filme polimérico. A espatulação a vácuo foi realizada por 60 s no equipamento Turbomix, e o filme polimérico foi obtido a partir da solubilização do polímero em clorofórmio, o filme foi submetido a uma moagem criogênica e o pó obtido foi misturado manualmente ao monômero. A viabilidade celular de HGF foi avaliada após 24 horas, 7 e 14 dias pelo ensaio de MTT. A liberação de íons prata (Ag) e vanádio (V) foi quantificada por espectrometria de massa com plasma indutivamente acoplado após 30 dias. Os testes de Kruskal-Wallis e Dunn foram aplicados (α=0,05). A viabilidade de HGF foi inversamente proporcional ao tempo de incubação. As técnicas de incorporação e os grupos controle negativo e positivo apresentaram diferença estatisticamente significante (p<0,05). Os grupos experimentais não apresentaram diferença estatística em relação ao controle negativo (p>0,05), exceto o grupo de espatulação a vácuo com 5% de AgVO3 que apresentou maior viabilidade que o controle negativo (p = 0,013) em 24 horas. A liberação de íons Ag e V foi proporcional à concentração de AgVO3. O grupo 5% apresentou diferença significativa em relação aos demais grupos (p <0,05). Em conclusão, a resina acrílica com e sem a incorporação de AgVO3 apresentou um pequeno potencial citotóxico para o HGF em 24 horas, com menor viabilidade nos tempos de maior contato, e a liberação de íons Ag e V foi proporcional à concentração de AgVO3, não influenciando na viabilidade celular. (AU)

13.
s.l; RedARETS; feb.-mar. 2021.
Non-conventional in Spanish | LILACS, BRISA/RedTESA | ID: biblio-1151438

ABSTRACT

CoNTEXTO: La transfusión de plasma convaleciente a una persona con una infección viral podría neutralizar el microorganismo patógeno que lo afecta y, así, darle tiempo a esa persona de poner en marcha uma respuesta inmune activa, es decir, generada por su propio sistema inmunológico. La evidencia actual muestra que el uso de plasma de convaleciente no tiene efecto en mortalidad o en requerimiento de ventilación mecánica invasiva en pacientes con enfermedad severa por COVID-19. Las recomendaciones actuales basadas en evidencia, recomiendan en contra del uso de plasma de convaleciente para el tratamiento la COVID-19. Sin embargo, evidencia reciente sugirió un beneficio potencial en el uso temprano en adultos mayores, lo cual llevó al Ministerio de Salud de la Nación a realizar una recomendación acerca de su uso en este escenario. DESCRIPCIÓN DE LA TECNOLOGÍA: La inmunización pasiva, en este caso con anticuerpos heterólogos provenientes del plasma de pacientes recuperados de un proceso infeccioso por esa misma enfermedad, aplicados en forma temprana en la evolución de la enfermedad y en concentraciones suficientes, podrían complementar la respuesta inmune y mejorar la evolución de los pacientes con enfermedad por coronavirus (COVID-19). OBJETIVO: Evaluar los efectos del tratamiento con plasma de convaleciente en pacientes con e nfermedad temprana o ultra-temprana (menos de 7 días o menos de 3 días, respectivamente) por coronavirus (COVID-19) y el impacto presupuestario derivado de su aplicación temprana o ultra-temprana en mayores de 75 años. MÉTODOS: Se realizó una evaluación de tecnología sanitaria para valorar los efectos del tratamiento con plasma de convaleciente en pacientes con enfermedad temprana o ultra-temprana (menos de 7 días o menos de 3 días, respectivamente) por coronavirus (COVID-19) y el impacto presupuestario derivado de su aplicación em mayores de 70 años y brindar herramientas para evaluar la adherencia de esta recomendación y su incorporación o no a las intervenciones terapéuticas utilizadas en el ámbito de la provincia de Rio Negro para el tratamiento de personas que padecen COVID-19. Se realizó una revisión sistemática de la evidencia disponible para responder a la pregunta de investigación y una búsqueda sistemática de recomendaciones acerca de esta terapéutica. Posteriormente se modeló um análisis de impacto presupuestario desde la perspectiva del financiador. RESULTADOS: Se identificaron 744 estudios de los cuales 21 son ECA (ensayos controlados aleatorizados) que reportaron datos y 403 no ECA que reportaron datos. Luego de exclusión de duplicados y otros tipos de estudios, fueron seleccionados 3 ECA y 2 ECNA (ensayos controlados NO aleatorizados) que respondieron a la pregunta de investigación y cumplieron con los criterios de selección con 5820 pacientes en los que se comparó la infusión temprana de plasma de convaleciente contra placebo o el uso tardío del plasma. CONCLUSIÓN: El impacto presupuestario es alto, incluso desde el punto de vista de un análisis económico conservador que no considera la logística de implementación como red de atención temprana, telefonistas, traslados, etc. A esto se suman las dificultades existentes en cuanto a factibilidad de implementación y distribución, con alto riesgo de tener un impacto negativo en la equidad. Su uso temprano, en pacientes moderados de alto riesgo y sin enfermedad severa, con un producto de muy alto título de anticuerpos, basado en su plausibilidad biológica, posee un beneficio incierto y no resulta factible de implementar, pudiendo impactar en forma negativa en la equidad del sistema de salud.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pneumonia, Viral/drug therapy , Immunoglobulins/therapeutic use , Coronavirus Infections/drug therapy , Betacoronavirus/drug effects , Technology Assessment, Biomedical , Cost-Benefit Analysis
14.
Int. j. med. surg. sci. (Print) ; 8(1): 1-13, mar. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1151571

ABSTRACT

Las complicaciones cardiovasculares representan la principal causa de morbilidad y mortalidad en pacientes con enfermedad renal crónica, por lo que el objetivo de este artículo es demostrar la influencia de la permanencia de la fístula arteriovenosa sobre variables eco cardiográficamente mensuradas en el corazón izquierdo. Para ello, se definió un estudio multivariable, longitudinal, prospectivo y controlado de grupos independientes después de una intervención que incluyó 39 pacientes a los que se le cerró el angioacceso (grupo de estudio) y 42 que no fueron expuestos a la cirugía (grupo control). Ambos grupos exhibían trasplante renal funcionante. Los principales resultados surgenal comparar el predominio entre el grupo de estudio con el de control, la edad promedio; 45,6 y 44,1 años, el sexo masculino, 24 (60%) y 23 (53,5%) y el color de la piel blanca; 33 (82,5%) y 32 (74,4%). La etiología de la nefropatía originaria más frecuente fue la nefropatía vascular hipertensiva; 12 (30%) vs 14 (32,6%). Entre las manifestaciones clínicas, en el grupo de estudio se evidenció remisión de las palpitaciones y la disnea de esfuerzo. Respecto a la tensión arterial, para la sistólica oscilaba; de 123 ±13,4 a 120,5 ±9,2 vs de 125,6 ±8,4 a 128 ±8,3 mm Hg (p= 0,000), mientras la diastólica variaba de; 76,8 ±7,5 a 76,3 ±6,2 vs 78,6 ±4,9 a 82,4 ±3,9 mm Hg (p= 0,000). El hematocrito comportaba valores equivalentes; 0,43 ±0,06 y 0,45 ±0,06 vs 0,42 ±0,05 y 0,42 ±0,06 l/l (p= 0,035) y la creatinina sérica mostró descenso en los pacientes intervenidos de; 106,8 ± 26,2 hasta 99,8 ±23,9 µ Mol/l vs 114 ±27,8 a 120,3 ±31 µ Mol/l (p= 0,002). Las variables ecocardiográficas mensuradas comparativamente según la localización de los angioaccesos a nivel del codo izquierdo; diámetro del ventrículo izquierdo: 3,12 ±4,08 vs 1,48 ±3,46 mms (p=0,001), fracción de eyección del ventrículo izquierdo: 2,99 ±5,47 vs -1,98 ±6,23 % (p=0,018) y el volumen telediastólico: -23 ±33,41 vs 10,86 ±36,87 ml (p=0,006). El codo contralateral revelaba; para la fracción de eyección del ventrículo izquierdo: 3,32 ±3,42 vs -2,18 ±4,78 % (p=0,037) y para el gasto cardíaco: -1,29 ±0,88 vs -0,26 ±0,86 l/min (0,020). Las conclusiones demuestran que el cierre del angioacceso a pacientes con trasplante renal funcionante respecto a los no intervenidos, contribuye a la regresión de las alteraciones morfológicas y hemodinámicas constatadas por ecocardiografía transtorácica en el corazón izquierdo a nivel de las diferentes localizaciones de los accesos vasculares.


Cardiovascular complications represent the main cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with chronic renal disease, so the objective of this article is to demonstrate the influence of the patency of the arteriovenous fistula on echocardiographic variables measured in the left heart. For this, a multivariate study, longitudinal, prospective and controlled study of independent groups after an intervention that included 39 patients who had their angioaccess closed (study group) and 42 who were not exposed to surgery (control group). Both groups exhibited functional kidney transplantation. The main results emerge when comparing the prevalence between the study group and the control group, the average age; 45.6 and 44.1 years, the male sex, 24 (60%) and 23 (53.5%) and the white skin color; 33 (82.5%) and 32 (74.4%). The most frequent etiology of the original nephropathy was hypertensive vascular nephropathy; 12 (30%) vs 14 (32.6%). Among the clinical manifestations, remission of palpitations and dyspnea on exertion were evidenced in the study group. With regard to blood pressure, for the systolic it ranged from 123 ±13.4 to 120.5 ±9.2 vs. 125.6 ±8.4 to 128 ±8.3 mmHg (p= 0.000), while the diastolic varied from; 76.8 ±7.5 to 76.3 ±6.2 vs. 78.6 ±4.9 to 82.4 ±3.9 mmHg (p= 0.000). The hematocrit had equivalent values; 0.43 ±0.06 and 0.45 ±0.06 vs 0.42 ±0.05 and 0.42 ±0.06 l/l (p= 0.035) and the serum creatinine showed decrease in the operated patients from; 106.8 ±26.2 to 99.8 ±23.9 µMol/l vs 114 ±27.8 to 120.3 ±31 µMol/l (p= 0.002). The echocardiographic variables measured comparatively according to the location of the angioaccesses at the left elbow level; diameter of the left ventricle: 3.12 ±4.08 vs 1.48 ±3.46 mms (p=0.001), ejection fraction of the left ventricle: 2.99 ±5.47 vs -1.98 ±6.23 % (p=0.018) and the telediasolic volume: -23 ±33.41 vs 10.86 ±36.87 ml (p=0.006). The contralateral elbow revealed; for the left ventricular ejection fraction: 3.32 ±3.42 vs -2.18 ±4.78 % (p=0.037) and for cardiac output: -1.29 ±0.88 vs -0.26 ±0.86 l/min (0.020). The conclusions show that the our study has shown that closing the angioaccess to patients with functioning renal transplants with respect to those not operated, contributes to the regression of morphological and hemodynamic alterations observed by transthoracic echocardiography in the left heart at the different locations of the vascular accesses.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Arteriovenous Fistula/physiopathology , Renal Dialysis , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic , Longitudinal Studies , Arteriovenous Fistula/surgery , Kidney Transplantation/adverse effects , Kidney Diseases/complications
15.
Int. j. med. surg. sci. (Print) ; 8(1): 1-13, mar. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1151622

ABSTRACT

Este trabajo tiene como objetivodescribir el perfil de la producción científica referente a anquiloglosia. Para ello fuerealizada una investigación por medio de la búsqueda de artículos científicos indexados en las bases de datos electrónicas LILACS y PUBMED. Para la revisión bibliométrica fueron considerados y tabulados los datos referidos al año de publicación, tipo de estudio y nivel de evidencia. Los datos fueron discutidos sobre la óptica cuantitativa y de valores representativos. Los primeros resultados permitieron analizar 651 estudios publicados. La mayor parte de las investigaciones sobre anquiloglosia encontradas correspondieron a estudios de tipo descriptivo y serie de casos (49,31%) seguido de relato de caso, investigación in vitro, en animales y revisión de literatura (24,27%), cohorte y casos-controles (11,98%), opinión de experto (11,68%), ensayo clínico randomizado (1,54%) y revisión sistemática (1,22%). Pocos estudios abordaron complicaciones durante o después de la realización de la cirugía para liberación del frenillo lingual. En conclusión, la producción científica sobre anquiloglosia ha mostrado un creciente aumento en los últimos 28 años, siendo publicados estudios con nivel de evidencia 1, 2 y 3, cuyo mayor enfoque fue realizado en la cirugía para la liberación del frenillo lingual.


This work aims to describe the profileof scientific production referring to ankyloglossia. For this an investigation was carried out by searching for scientific articles indexed in the electronic databases LILACS and PUBMED. For the bibliometric review, the data referring to the year of publication, type of study and level of evidence were examined and tabulated. The data were discussed on the quantitative and representative values optics. The first results allowed to analyzic 651 published studies were analyzed. Most of the research on tongue tie found correspond to descriptive studies and case series (49.31%), followed by case reports, in vitro research, in animals and literature review (24.27%), cohort and cases and controls (11.98%), specialist opinion (11.68%), randomized clinical trials (1.54%) and systematic reviews (1.22%). Few studies addressed complications during or after lingual frenulum release surgery. In conclusion Scientific production on ankyloglossia has shown an increasing increase in the last 28 years, with studies with evidence levels 1, 2 and 3 being published, whose main focus was the performance of surgery to release the lingual frenulum.


Subject(s)
Bibliometrics , Biomedical Research/statistics & numerical data , Ankyloglossia , Epidemiology, Descriptive
16.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 36(1): 78-85, Jan.-Feb. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1155798

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: The benefit of total arterial revascularization (TAR) in coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) remains a controversial issue. This study sought to evaluate whether there is any difference on the long-term results of TAR and non-TAR CABG patients. Methods: The Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online (MEDLINE), Excerpta Medica dataBASE (EMBASE), Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL/CCTR), Clinical Trials.gov, Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO), Literatura Latino-Americana e do Caribe em Ciências da Saúde (LILACS), and Google Scholar databases were searched for studies published by October 2020. Randomized clinical trials and observational studies with propensity score matching comparing TAR versus non-TAR CABG were included. Random-effects meta-analysis was performed. The current barriers to implementation of TAR in clinical practice and measures that can be used to optimize outcomes were reviewed. Results: Fourteen publications (from 2012 to 2020) involving a total of 22,746 patients (TAR: 8,941 patients; non-TAR: 13,805 patients) were included. The pooled hazard ratio (HR) for long-term mortality (over 10 years) was lower in the TAR group than in the non-TAR group (random effect model: HR 0.676, 95% confidence interval 0.586-0.779, P<0.001). There was evidence of low heterogeneity of treatment effect among the studies for mortality, and none of the studies had a particular impact on the summary result. The result was not influenced by age, sex, or comorbidities. We identified low risk of publication bias related to this outcome. Conclusion: This review found that TAR presents the best long-term results in patients who undergo CABG. Given that many patients are likely to benefit from TAR, its use should be encouraged.


Subject(s)
Humans , Coronary Artery Disease/surgery , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Coronary Artery Bypass , Treatment Outcome , Propensity Score
17.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 36(1): 39-47, Jan.-Feb. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1155795

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Reconstruction of right ventricular outflow tract during primary repair of tetralogy of Fallot often requires the placement of a transannular patch which results in pulmonary regurgitation (PR). We compared the short-term outcomes of bicuspid polytetrafluoroethylene membrane valve versus transannular pericardial patch reconstruction of the right ventricular outflow tract. Methods: Thirty consecutive patients undergoing primary repair of tetralogy of Fallot were randomly allocated to two groups - polytetrafluoroethylene valve (PTFEV) group (n=15) and transannular pericardial patch (TAP) group (n=15). The two groups had similar preoperative demographic characteristics. We compared the short-term clinical and echocardiographic outcomes between these groups. The transthoracic echocardiographic follow-up was performed at one week, one month and six months after surgery. Results: The PTFEV group had significantly lower central venous pressure in the immediate postoperative period compared to the TAP group (7.60±2.06 vs. 10.13±1.73, P=0.002). Extubation time was significantly shorter in the PTFEV group compared to the TAP group (12.93±7.55 hrs vs. 22.23±15.11 hrs, P=0.04). PR in the PTFEV group was absent in five patients at 24 hours post-surgery. At the study endpoint, PR was absent in six, trivial in one and mild in eight patients in the PTFEV group compared to TAP group, where all 15 patients had severe PR. Conclusion: The bicuspid polytetrafluoroethylene membrane valves significantly decrease the central venous pressure in the immediate postoperative period, facilitate early extubation and, thus, prevent ventilator-related comorbidities. They achieve a high degree of pulmonary competence and do not increase the right ventricular outflow tract gradient in short-term follow-up.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Pulmonary Valve/surgery , Pulmonary Valve Insufficiency , Tetralogy of Fallot/surgery , Cardiac Surgical Procedures , Polytetrafluoroethylene , Treatment Outcome
18.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 34(1): 74-80, Jan.-Feb. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1154526

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background Aromatherapy consists in the use of volatile aromatic compounds of plant essential oils. Application methods include massage, baths, and mainly inhalation. Lavender essential oil is considered the most effective treatment for emotional disorders, such as stress and anxiety, due to its anxiolytic and sedative agents, which are known to interfere with physiological cardiovascular reactions. Objectives To investigate the effects of aromatherapy using lavender essential oil on hemodynamic responses and emotional aspects of patients with cardiovascular diseases. Methods A systematic review was conducted using Embase, Bireme, MEDLINE, PEDro, and Scopus electronic databases. Randomized clinical trials that evaluated hemodynamic and emotional outcomes using interventions with lavender essential oil in patients with cardiovascular diseases were selected. Of 539 studies initially identified, 51 were read in full and only 5 were eligible for inclusion. Results Reductions were demonstrated in hemodynamic responses, such as systolic and diastolic blood pressure, mean arterial pressure, and heart rate, as well as a decrease in anxiety, depression, stress, and fatigue compared with the control group. Statistical significance was set at p<0.05. Conclusion: Aromatherapy with the use of lavender essential oil provided benefits to hemodynamic parameters, such as anxiety, stress, depression, and fatigue levels, in patients with cardiovascular diseases. (Int J Cardiovasc Sci. 2020; [online].ahead print, PP.0-0)

19.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 34(1): 44-52, Jan.-Feb. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1154533

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background Cardiac surgery causes pathophysiological changes that favor the occurrence of pulmonary and functional complications. Objective To investigate the effects of inspiratory muscle training (IMT) with an electronic device on patients undergoing cardiac surgery. Methods A randomized controlled trial was conducted with 30 adult patients undergoing elective cardiac surgery. A control group (CG) received conventional physical therapy care, and an intervention group (IG) received IMT using the POWERbreathe K5® electronic device. Two daily sessions of physical therapy were performed at the intensive care unit and one daily session at the ward until the sixth postoperative day. The following variables were measured preoperatively and on the sixth postoperative day, in both groups: inspiratory muscle strength, dynamic inspiratory muscle strength, and peak inspiratory flow. Data distribution was evaluated by the Shapiro-Wilk test. Analysis of variance was used, and the results were considered statistically significant when p < 0.05. Results Maximal inspiratory pressure (71.7 ± 17.1 cmH2O vs 63.3 ± 21.3 cmH2O; p = 0.11], S-index (52.61 ± 18.61 vs 51.08 ± 20.71), and peak inspiratory flow [(2.94 ± 1.09 vs 2.79 ± 1.26)] were maintained in the IG but had a significant reduction in the CG. Conclusion IMT performed with an electronic device was effective at maintaining inspiratory muscle strength, dynamic inspiratory muscle strength, and peak inspiratory flow when compared to conventional physical therapy. Int J Cardiovasc Sci. 2020; [online].ahead print, PP.0-0

20.
J. pediatr. (Rio J.) ; 97(1): 22-29, Jan.-Feb. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1154718

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To describe the effect of prednisolone on language in children with autism spectrum disorder. This study is based upon two hypotheses: autism etiology may be closely related to neuroinflammation; and, an effective treatment should restore the individual's language skills. Method: This is a prospective, double-blinded, randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trial, carried out in a federal university hospital. The initial patient sample consisted of 40 subjects, which were randomized into two parallel groups. Inclusion criteria were: male gender, 3-7 years of age, and meeting the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders - 4th edition (DSM-IV) diagnostic criteria. The final sample consisted of 38 patients, of whom 20 were randomized to the placebo group and 18 to the active group. The latter received prednisolone for 24 weeks, at an initial dose of 1 mg/kg/day and a tapering dose from the ninth week onward. Language was measured on four occasions over a 12-month period by applying two Brazilian tools: the Language Development Assessment (ADL) and the Child Language Test in Phonology, Vocabulary, Fluency, and Pragmatics (ABFW). Results: The side effects were mild: two patients had hypertension, five had hyperglycemia, and two had varicella. Prednisolone increased the global ADL score in children younger than 5 years of age who had developmental regression (p = 0.0057). The ABFW's total of communicative acts also responded favorably in those participants with regression (p = 0.054). The ABFW's total of vocal acts showed the most significant results, especially in children younger than 5 years (p = 0.004, power = 0.913). Conclusions: The benefit of prednisolone for language scores was more evident in participants who were younger than five years, with a history of developmental regression, but the trial's low dose may have limited this benefit. The observed side effects do not contraindicate corticosteroid use in autism.

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