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1.
San Salvador; MINSAL; jun. 04, 2021. 11 p. ilus, graf, tab, mapas.
Non-conventional in Spanish | LILACS, BISSAL | ID: biblio-1248116

ABSTRACT

Resumen de eventos de notificación hasta SE 20/2021. Alertas internacionales. Situación epidemiológica de dengue. Situación epidemiológica de zika y chikungunya. Infección respiratoria aguda. Neumonías. Situación mundial del 2019-nCov (OMS. Vigilancia centinela de influenza y otros virus respiratorios. Vigilancia centinela de rotavirus. Enfermedad diarreica aguda. Fiebre tifoidea


Summary of notification events up to SE 20/2021. International alerts. Epidemiological situation of dengue. Epidemiological situation of Zika and Chikungunya. Acute respiratory infection. Pneumonia Global situation 2019-nCov (WHO. Sentinel surveillance of influenza and other respiratory viruses. Sentinel surveillance for rotavirus. Acute diarrheal disease. Typhoid fever


Subject(s)
Epidemiology , Notification , Electronic Publications , Disease , Alert
3.
San Salvador; MINSAL; may. 26, 2021. 11 p. ilus, graf, tab, mapas.
Non-conventional in Spanish | LILACS, BISSAL | ID: biblio-1224604

ABSTRACT

Resumen de eventos de notificación hasta SE 19/2021. Alertas internacionales. Situación epidemiológica de dengue. Situación epidemiológica de zika y chikungunya. Infección respiratoria aguda. Neumonías. Situación mundial del 2019-nCov (OMS. Vigilancia centinela de influenza y otros virus respiratorios. Vigilancia centinela de rotavirus. Enfermedad diarreica aguda. Fiebre tifoidea


Summary of notification events up to SE 19/2021. International alerts. Epidemiological situation of dengue. Epidemiological situation of Zika and Chikungunya. Acute respiratory infection. Pneumonia Global situation 2019-nCov (WHO. Sentinel surveillance of influenza and other respiratory viruses. Sentinel surveillance for rotavirus. Acute diarrheal disease. Typhoid fever


Subject(s)
Alert , Surveillance , Electronic Publications , Viruses , Notification
4.
San Salvador; MINSAL; may. 03, 2021. 11 p. ilus, graf, tab, mapas.
Non-conventional in Spanish | LILACS, BISSAL | ID: biblio-1222335

ABSTRACT

Resumen de eventos de notificación hasta SE 16/2021. Alertas internacionales. Situación epidemiológica de dengue. Situación epidemiológica de zika y chikungunya. Infección respiratoria aguda. Neumonías. Situación mundial del 2019-nCov (OMS. Vigilancia centinela de influenza y otros virus respiratorios. Vigilancia centinela de rotavirus. Enfermedad diarreica aguda. Fiebre tifoidea


Summary of notification events up to SE 16/2021. International alerts. Epidemiological situation of dengue. Epidemiological situation of Zika and Chikungunya. Acute respiratory infection. Pneumonia Global situation 2019-nCov (WHO. Sentinel surveillance of influenza and other respiratory viruses. Sentinel surveillance for rotavirus. Acute diarrheal disease. Typhoid fever


Subject(s)
Epidemiology , Surveillance , Electronic Publications , Notification
5.
Alerta (San Salvador) ; 4(2): 52-46, may. 26, 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BISSAL | ID: biblio-1224727

ABSTRACT

El SARS-CoV-2 es el séptimo betacoronavirus que infecta a la especie humana. Este se caracteriza por una alta transmisibilidad y relativa baja letalidad. La enfermedad se manifiesta, en la mayor parte de la población, de forma leve y aumenta la probabilidad de severidad y letalidad en adultos mayores de 65 años, con enfermedades crónicas no trasmisibles previas como diabetes, hipertensión arterial, enfermedades respiratorias y obesidad. En este artículo de revisión se presentan parámetros con base en la evidencia científica, que guíen al odontólogo en la toma de decisiones, para la atención odontológica y limitar el riesgo de infección cruzada en el marco del estado actual de pandemia por COVID-19. La llamada o video llamada constituye la primera elección para realizar el triaje, previo a asignar una cita, ya que permite clasificar el riesgo de infección por COVID-19 de un paciente y establecer el nivel de prioridad de tratamiento. El algoritmo para la toma de decisiones en clínicas odontológicas durante el período de emergencia por COVID-19, debe constituirse en una recomendación que los odontólogos que atienden pacientes pongan en práctica. Por cuanto, permite clasificar el riesgo de infección y letalidad del paciente, definiendo los tratamientos en electivos, de urgencia o emergencia. Palabras clave: infecciones por coronavirus, Clínicas Odontológicas, Contención de riesgos biológicos, Toma de decisiones, pandemia


SARS-CoV-2 is the seventh betacoronavirus to infect the human species. It is characterized by high transmissibility and relatively low lethality. The disease manifests itself, in most of the population, in a mild way and increases the probability of severity and fatality in adults over 65 years of age, with previous non-communicable chronic diseases such as diabetes, high blood pressure, respiratory diseases and obesity. This review article presents parameters based on scientific evidence, which guide the dentist in decision-making, for dental care and limit the risk of cross infection in the context of the current state of the COVID-19 pandemic. The call or video call is the first choice for triage, prior to assigning an appointment, since it allows classifying the risk of infection by COVID-19 of a patient and establishing the level of priority of treatment. The algorithm for decision-making in dental clinics during the emergency period due to COVID-19 should become a recommendation that dentists who care for patients put into practice. Because, it allows classifying the risk of infection and lethality of the patient, defining the treatments as elective, urgent or emergency. Keywords: coronavirus infections, Dental Clinics, Containment of biological risks, Decision making, pandemic


Subject(s)
Humans , Dental Care , Coronavirus Infections , Decision Making , Dental Clinics
6.
San Salvador; MINSAL; may. 18, 2021. 11 p. ilus, graf, tab, mapas.
Non-conventional in Spanish | LILACS, BISSAL | ID: biblio-1223781

ABSTRACT

Resumen de eventos de notificación hasta SE 18/2021. Alertas internacionales. Situación epidemiológica de dengue. Situación epidemiológica de zika y chikungunya. Infección respiratoria aguda. Neumonías. Situación mundial del 2019-nCov (OMS. Vigilancia centinela de influenza y otros virus respiratorios. Vigilancia centinela de rotavirus. Enfermedad diarreica aguda. Fiebre tifoidea


Summary of notification events up to SE 18/2021. International alerts. Epidemiological situation of dengue. Epidemiological situation of Zika and Chikungunya. Acute respiratory infection. Pneumonia Global situation 2019-nCov (WHO. Sentinel surveillance of influenza and other respiratory viruses. Sentinel surveillance for rotavirus. Acute diarrheal disease. Typhoid fever


Subject(s)
Epidemiology , Surveillance , Notification , Electronic Publications
7.
San Salvador; MINSAL; may. 11, 2021. 11 p. ilus, graf, mapas.
Non-conventional in Spanish | LILACS, BISSAL | ID: biblio-1223305

ABSTRACT

Resumen de eventos de notificación hasta SE 17/2021. Alertas internacionales. Situación epidemiológica de dengue. Situación epidemiológica de zika y chikungunya. Infección respiratoria aguda. Neumonías. Situación mundial del 2019-nCov (OMS) Vigilancia centinela de influenza y otros virus respiratorios. Vigilancia centinela de rotavirus. Enfermedad diarreica aguda. Fiebre tifoidea


Summary of notification events up to SE 17/2021. International alerts. Epidemiological situation of dengue. Epidemiological situation of Zika and Chikungunya. Acute respiratory infection. Pneumonia Global situation 2019-nCov (WHO) Sentinel surveillance of influenza and other respiratory viruses. Sentinel surveillance for rotavirus. Acute diarrheal disease. Typhoid fever


Subject(s)
Epidemiology , Surveillance , Notification , Electronic Publications
11.
San Salvador; MINSAL; abr. 26, 2021. 11 p. ilus, graf, tab, mapas.
Non-conventional in Spanish | LILACS, BISSAL | ID: biblio-1179092

ABSTRACT

Resumen de eventos de notificación hasta SE 15/2021. Alertas internacionales. Situación epidemiológica de dengue. Situación epidemiológica de zika y chikungunya. Infección respiratoria aguda. Neumonías. Situación mundial del 2019-nCov (OMS. Vigilancia centinela de influenza y otros virus respiratorios. Vigilancia centinela de rotavirus. Enfermedad diarreica aguda. Fiebre tifoidea


Summary of notification events up to SE 15/2021. International alerts. Epidemiological situation of dengue. Epidemiological situation of Zika and Chikungunya. Acute respiratory infection. Pneumonia Global situation 2019-nCov (WHO. Sentinel surveillance of influenza and other respiratory viruses. Sentinel surveillance for rotavirus. Acute diarrheal disease. Typhoid fever


Subject(s)
Epidemiology , Notification , Electronic Publications , Infections
12.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 139(2): 123-126, Mar.-Apr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1181009

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Despite widespread usage of central blood pressure assessment its predictive value among elderly people remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: To ascertain the capacity of central hemodynamic indices for predicting future all-cause and cardiovascular hard outcomes among elderly people. DESIGN AND SETTING: Systematic review and meta-analysis developed at the Del Cuore cardiology clinic, in Antonio Prado, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. METHODS: 312 full-text articles were analyzed, from which 35 studies were included for systematic review. The studies included needed to report at least one central hemodynamic index among patients aged 60 years or over. RESULTS: For all-cause mortality, aortic pulse wave velocity (aPWV) and central systolic blood pressure (SBP) were significant, respectively with standardized mean difference (SMD) 0.85 (95% confidence interval, CI 0.69-1.01; I2 96%; P < 0.001); and SMD 0.27 (95% CI 0.15-0.39; I2 77%; P 0.012). For cardiovascular mortality brachial-ankle PWV (baPWV), central SBP and carotid-femoral PWV (cfPWV) were significant, respectively SMD 0.67 (95% CI 0.40-0.93; I2 0%; P 0.610); SMD 0.65 (95% CI 0.48- 0.82; I2 80%; P 0.023); and SMD 0.51 (95% CI 0.32-0.69; I2 85%; P 0.010). CONCLUSIONS: The meta-analysis results showed that aPWV was promising for predicting all-cause mortality, while baPWV and central SBP demonstrated consistent results in evaluating cardiovascular mortality outcomes. Thus, the findings support usage of central blood pressure as a risk predictor for hard outcomes among elderly people. REGISTRATION NUMBER IN PROSPERO: RD42018085264

14.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 119(2): s54-s66, abril 2021. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1152164

ABSTRACT

La urticaria es una de las afecciones cutáneas más comunes en niños. Se define urticaria aguda cuando persiste hasta 6 semanas, y crónica, cuando la duración es mayor. Afecta al 25 % de la población. La forma aguda es la más frecuente. La crónica representa el 0,1 %, con mayor predominio en mujeres (el 60 %). Se subdivide en urticaria crónica inducible cuando hay un desencadenante externo específico y urticaria crónica espontánea si este no está presente.Aunque la fisiopatología es compleja, la degranulación del mastocito se considera un evento clave. Los antihistamínicos anti-H1 de segunda generación son la primera línea de tratamiento tanto en la urticaria aguda como en la crónica. En pacientes no respondedores, se considerarán otras terapias.Se hará énfasis en urticaria crónica dada la dificultad en su diagnóstico, el aumento de su prevalencia y la gran afectación que produce en la calidad de vida de los niños.


Urticaria is one of the most common skin disorders in children. We define acute urticaria when it persists for less than 6 weeks, and chronic urticaria (CU), when it persists longer. Urticaria affects 25 % of the population; in most cases, it is acute urticaria. CU represents 0.1 %, with higher prevalence in women (60 %). CU is subclassified in chronic inducible urticaria when there is a specific external trigger and chronic spontaneous urticaria if it is not present.Although the pathophysiology is complex, mast cell degranulation is recognized as a key event. Second-generation H1 antihistamines are the first line of treatment in both, acute urticaria and CU. In unresponsive patients, other therapies will be considered.We will emphasize in CU due to the difficulty in its diagnosis, the increase in its prevalence and the severe impairment it causes in children ́s quality of life.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Chronic Urticaria/diagnosis , Chronic Urticaria/therapy , Chronic Urticaria/etiology , Chronic Urticaria/physiopathology , Histamine H1 Antagonists/therapeutic use
15.
San Salvador; MINSAL; abr. 12, 2021. 11 p. ilus, graf, tab, mapas.
Non-conventional in Spanish | LILACS, BISSAL | ID: biblio-1178322

ABSTRACT

Resumen de eventos de notificación hasta SE 13/2021. Alertas internacionales. Situación epidemiológica de dengue. Situación epidemiológica de zika y chikungunya. Infección respiratoria aguda. Neumonías. Situación mundial del 2019-nCov (OMS. Vigilancia centinela de influenza y otros virus respiratorios. Vigilancia centinela de rotavirus. Enfermedad diarreica aguda. Fiebre tifoidea


Summary of notification events up to SE 13/2021. International alerts. Epidemiological situation of dengue. Epidemiological situation of Zika and Chikungunya. Acute respiratory infection. Pneumonia Global situation 2019-nCov (WHO. Sentinel surveillance of influenza and other respiratory viruses. Sentinel surveillance for rotavirus. Acute diarrheal disease. Typhoid fever


Subject(s)
Epidemiology , Electronic Publications
16.
San Salvador; MINSAL; abr. 20, 2021. 11 p. ilus, graf, tab, mapas.
Non-conventional in Spanish | LILACS, BISSAL | ID: biblio-1178325

ABSTRACT

Resumen de eventos de notificación hasta SE 14/2021. Alertas internacionales. Situación epidemiológica de dengue. Situación epidemiológica de zika y chikungunya. Infección respiratoria aguda. Neumonías. Situación mundial del 2019-nCov (OMS. Vigilancia centinela de influenza y otros virus respiratorios. Vigilancia centinela de rotavirus. Enfermedad diarreica aguda. Fiebre tifoidea


Summary of notification events up to SE 14/2021. International alerts. Epidemiological situation of dengue. Epidemiological situation of Zika and Chikungunya. Acute respiratory infection. Pneumonia Global situation 2019-nCov (WHO. Sentinel surveillance of influenza and other respiratory viruses. Sentinel surveillance for rotavirus. Acute diarrheal disease. Typhoid fever


Subject(s)
Epidemiology , Electronic Publications , Surveillance , Infections
17.
San Salvador; MINSAL; abr. 06, 2021. 4 p. ilus, graf.
Non-conventional in Spanish | LILACS, BISSAL | ID: biblio-1177090

ABSTRACT

El presente Boletín detalla informe de salud de vacaciones de Semana Santa al 6 de abril de 2021, incluye datos de eventos sujetos a vigilancia intensificada, datos de atenciones, consultas médicas, emergencias y referencias, Datos de COVID-19, este incluye: Contexto mundial de COVID -19, Contexto Centroamérica y República Dominicana y Situación Nacional. Haciendo notar que no se consignan datos comparativos del periodo de vacaciones de Semana Santa del año 2020, debido a que el país se encontraba en cuarentena nacional en el contexto de la pandemia por COVID-19


This Bulletin details the health report for the Easter holidays to April 6, 2021, includes data on events subject to intensified surveillance, data on care, medical consultations, emergencies and referrals, COVID-19 data, this includes: Global context of COVID -19, Central America and Dominican Republic Context and National Situation. Noting that comparative data for the Easter holiday period of 2020 are not recorded, because the country was in national quarantine in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic


Subject(s)
Referral and Consultation , Epidemiology , Coronavirus Infections , Electronic Publications
18.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 84(2): 163-169, Mar,-Apr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153124

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate the physical and chemical characteristics of coconut water and to analyze the use of coconut water solution for the conservation of human corneas. Methods: This was an experimental and controlled study performed at the Eye Bank of the General Hospital of Fortaleza. The coconut water-based solution was prepared at the Goat Seed Technology Laboratory of the Department of Veterinary Medicine of the State University of Ceará. Discarded corneas from the Eye Bank were divided into two groups for sequential experiments: G1, coconut water-based solution (experimental group), and G2, conservative treatment with OPTISOL GS® (control group). The osmolality of corneas in G1 was analyzed sequentially at 275, 300, 325, 345, 365, and 400 mOsm/L. The viability of the corneas was determined by specular microscopy and biomicroscopy on the first, third, and seventh days. Results: Corneas preserved in a solution of 365 and 345 mOsm/L had a transparency of 8 mm until the third day and had diffuse edema in the periphery, central folds, and partial epithelium loss until the seventh day. The 365-mOsm/L solution was associated with the worst results during follow-up. Corneas placed in Optisol-GS retained their original aspects. Conclusions: Coconut water-based preservative partially maintained corneal transparency and epithelial integrity, especially during the first three days of follow-up. The coconut water-based solutions used were not effective for use as preservatives in a human eye bank.


RESUMO Objetivos: As características físico-químicas e o baixo custo da água de coco foram fundamentais para o este estudo. Analisar o uso de solução a base de água de coco como meio de conservação de córneas humanas em banco de olhos. Métodos: Estudo experimental e controlado realizado no Banco de Olhos do Hospital Geral de Fortaleza. Utilizou-se solução à base de água de coco preparada no laboratório de Tecnologia de Sêmen de Caprinos do Departamento de Medicina Veterinária da Universidade Estadual do Ceará. Foram usadas córneas de descartes divididas em dois grupos: G1 (Conservante com água de coco) - grupo experimental e G2 (grupo Conservante com OPTISOL GS®) grupo controle, em experimentos sequenciais. A osmolaridade do G1 foi analisada sequencialmente com 275, 300, 325, 345, 365 e 400 mOsm/L. A viabilidade das córneas foram realizadas por microscopia especular e biomicroscopia nos 1º, 3º e 7º dias. Resultados: As córneas em solução de 365 e 345 mOsm/L apresentavam transparência nos 8mm centrais até o 3º dia, com edema em toda periferia, dobras centrais e edema 2+, com perda parcial do epitélio até 7º dia, sendo o de maior osmolaridade com melhor transparência durante o seguimento. Grupo com 275, 300 e 400 mOsm/L, córnea opaca, edema difuso, perda total do epitélio no 3º dia. As córneas em Optisol mantiveram seus aspectos. Conclusões: O conservante à base de água de coco manteve em parte a transparência corneana e a integridade epitelial, especialmente nos primeiros 3 dias de seguimento. A solução conservante com água de coco nas formulações utilizadas não se mostrou eficaz para o uso em banco de olhos humanos.

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