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1.
Rev. cuba. angiol. cir. vasc ; 20(2): e390, jul.-dic. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1003860

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las enfermedades vasculares periféricas comprenden un variado número de entidades nosológicas que afectan a los sistema arterial (excluidos los vasos del corazón, e intracraneales) y venolinfáticos del organismo. Objetivo: Describir las características de los pacientes que necesitaron ser atendidos por un cirujano vascular por presentar algún tipo de enfermedad vascular periférica. Métodos: Estudio descriptivo realizado en el total de pacientes atendidos por consulta externa y hospitalizados en el Servicio de Cirugía Vascular del Instituto Ecuatoriano de Seguridad Social; Hospital Manuel Ignacio Montero Valdivieso. El período de estudio fue de dos años (septiembre de 2014 a octubre de 2016). Se tuvieron en cuenta las siguientes enfermedades vasculares periféricas: enfermedades vasculares periféricas, insuficiencia venosa crónica, pie diabético, trombosis venosa profunda y trombosis arterial aguda Los resultados se expresaron en trabajo con las frecuencias absolutas y relativas. Resultados: La insuficiencia venosa crónica fue la causa más frecuente de hospitalización y consulta externa. Se encontró un predominio del sexo femenino. La úlcera del pie diabético se ubicó en orden decreciente de frecuencia entre las enfermedades consideradas. El desbridamiento quirúrgico o limpieza quirúrgica fue el procedimiento más empleado. La amputación mayor se realizó en todos los pacientes que tuvieron una trombosis arterial aguda de extremidades inferiores. Conclusiones: Se describen las características de los pacientes atendidos por el cirujano vascular en Ecuador, así como las enfermedades vasculares periféricas más frecuentes atendidas que son motivo de consulta externa y de hospitalización(AU)


Introduction: Peripheral vascular diseases include a varied number of nosologic entities that affect the arterial (excluding heart and intracranial vessels) and venolymphatic systems of the organism. Objective: To characterize patients who needed to be treated by a vascular surgeon after presenting some type of peripheral vascular disease. Method: A descriptive and prospective study was carried out in all the patients treated by external consultation and to the patients hospitalized in the service of Vascular surgery of the Ecuadorian Institute of Social Security and Manuel Ignacio Montero Valdivieso Hospital. The study lasted two years ( from September 2014 to October 2016). The following peripheral vascular diseases were taken into account: peripheral vascular diseases, chronic venous insufficiency, diabetic foot, deep-vein thrombosis and acute arterial thrombosis. The results were expressed in this paper with absolute and relative frequencies. Results: Chronic venous failure was the most frequent cause of hospitalization and outpatient consultation. A prevalence of female sex was found. The diabetic foot ulcer was observed in a decreasing order of frequency. Surgical debridement and/or surgical cleaning were the most used procedures. Major amputations were performed in all patients who had an acute arterial thrombosis of the lower limbs. Conclusions: It was possible to characterize the patients treated by the vascular surgeon in Ecuador, as well as the most frequent peripheral vascular diseases attended that needed outpatient consultation and hospitalization(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Venous Insufficiency , Peripheral Vascular Diseases/epidemiology , Diabetic Foot , Venous Thrombosis/surgery , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Ecuador
2.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 82(5): 377-380, Sept.-Oct. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1019430

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: To assess the frequency of corneal astigmatism before cataract surgery in a Brazilian sample. Methods: This clinic-based cross-sectional study was conducted at the Bonsucesso Federal Hospital, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Charts of patients who underwent cataract surgery over a two-year period were retrospectively reviewed, and preoperative keratometric measurements were collected and analyzed. Results: A total of 1707 eyes of 1045 patients were enrolled. The corneal astigmatism was less than 1.0 D in 971 eyes (56.9%), 1.0-1.99 D in 496 eyes (29.1%), 2.0-2.99 D in 157 eyes (9.2%), and more than 3.0 D in 83 eyes (4.9%). The mean corneal astigmatism was 0.92 ± (SD) 0.96 D (range 0 - 10.25 D). Conclusion: Over 40% of the patients undergoing cataract surgery enrolled in this study had more than 1.0 D of corneal astigmatism and may benefit from the use of toric intraocular lenses. These data can be useful for planning to make this technology available for patients.


RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar a prevalência do astigmatismo corneano antes da cirurgia de catarata em pacientes brasileiros. Métodos: Este estudo transversal de base clínica foi realizado no Hospital Federal de Bonsucesso, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil. Os prontuários de pacientes submetidos à cirurgia de catarata durante um período de dois anos foram revisados retrospectivamente, e as medidas ceratométricas pré-operatórias foram coletadas e analisadas. Resultados: Um total de 1.707 olhos de 1045 pacientes foram incluídos. O astigmatismo corneano foi menor que 1,0 D em 971 olhos (56,9%), 1,0-1,99 D em 496 olhos (29,1%), 2,0-2,99 D em 157 olhos (9,2%) e mais de 3,0 D em 83 olhos (4,9%). A média do astigmatismo corneano foi de 0,92 ± (SD) 0,96 D (intervalo 0-10,25 D). Conclusão: Mais de 40% dos pacientes estudados submetidos à cirurgia de catarata incluídos neste estudo tinham mais de 1,0 D de astigmatismo corneano e podem se beneficiar do uso de lentes intraoculares tóricas. Esses dados podem ser úteis no planejar a disponibilização dessa tecnologia para os pacientes.

3.
Rev. Pesqui. (Univ. Fed. Estado Rio J., Online) ; 11(5): 1202-1207, out.-dez. 2019. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF - Nursing | ID: biblio-1022269

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Avaliar as características clínicas e imunológica dos receptores de transplante renal. Métodos: estudo documental e retrospectivo, realizado em um Ambulatório do Hospital Geral de Fortaleza, Fortaleza, Ceará, Brasil, com pacientes internados no período de junho de 2012 a junho de 2014. A amostra foi composta por 300 pacientes submetidos ao transplante renal. As variáveis preditoras de interesse, foram subdivididas em: características prétransplante, características pós-transplante e características imunológicas. Utilizou-se testes de Pearson e Spearman para avaliar correlação entre variáveis. Resultados: Houve predomínio de pacientes do sexo masculino (65%), com faixa etária entre 44 e 56 anos (31,4%). Demonstrou-se relação estatisticamente significante entre o DSA e a disfunção do enxerto (p<0,04), Rejeição celular o Painel Reativo classe I (p< 0,05), o tempo de internação e a disfunção do enxerto (p<0,001) e entre o entre o HLA e o MISMATCH. Conclusão: Aponta-se a necessidade de um acompanhamento crítico e individualizado do paciente transplantado por parte dos profissionais para garantir o sucesso do transplante a longo prazo


Objective: The study's purpose has been to assess both clinical and immunological characteristics of renal transplant recipients. Methods: It is a documentary and retrospective study that was performed at the renal transplantation ambulatory from the Hospital Geral de Fortaleza (HGF), Fortaleza city, Ceará State, with patients hospitalized from June 2012 to June 2014. The sample consisted of 300 patients submitted to renal transplantation. The predictive variables of interest were subdivided in the following categories: pre-transplant characteristics, post-transplant characteristics and immunological characteristics. Pearson and Spearman tests were used to evaluate the correlation between variables. Results: There was a predominance of male patients (65%), with ages ranging from 44 to 56 years (31.4%). A statistically significant relationship was found between the Donor-Specific Antibody and Delayed Graft Function (p<0.04), Cellular Rejection and PanelReactive Antibody class I (p<0.05), duration of hospitalization and Delayed Graft Function (p<0.001) and also between the Human Leukocyte Antigen and MISMATCH. Conclusion: It is pointed out the need for a critical and individualized follow-up of the transplanted patient by the professionals to guarantee the long-term transplantation success


Objetivo: Evaluar las características clínicas e inmunológicas de lós receptores de trasplante renal. Métodos: estudio documental y retrospectivo realizado en una clínica del Hospital General de Fortaleza, Fortaleza, Ceará, Brasil, con pacientes ingresados desde junio de 2012 a junio de 2014. La muestra fue de 300 pacientes sometidos a trasplante de riñón. Las variables predictoras de interés, fueron subdivididas en: características pretrasplante, características post-transplante y características inmunológicas. Se utilizaron pruebas de Pearson y Spearman para evaluar la correlación entre variables. Resultados: Hubo un predominio de pacientes del sexo masculino (65%), con edades comprendidas entre 44 y 56 años (31,4%). Se demostró una relación estadísticamente significativa entre el DSA y la disfunción del injerto (p <0,04), el rechazo celular del panel reactivo clase I (p <0,05), el tiempo de internación y la disfunción del injerto (p <0,001) y entre el HLA y el MISMATCH. Conclusión: Se apunta la necesidad de un acompañamiento crítico e individualizado del paciente trasplantado por parte de los profesionales para garantizar el éxito del trasplante a largo plazo


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Transplantation Immunology , Kidney Transplantation/statistics & numerical data , Continuity of Patient Care/statistics & numerical data , Brazil , Graft Rejection/epidemiology
4.
Rev. bras. neurol ; 55(3): 5-8, jul.-ago. 2019.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1022871

ABSTRACT

Cefaleia é um sintoma de alta prevalência, com importante impacto nas atividades da vida diária. Estudante de medicina é uma população vulnerável à cefaleia, tanto devido a uma carga de trabalho exaustiva, como hábitos favoráveis como a privação do sono, alimentação irregular, sedentarismo e estresse. O objetivo foi avaliar a prevalência da cefaleia e seu impacto nos estudantes de medicina de uma universidade pública de Alagoas. Foram selecionados, de forma aleatória, 97 estudantes de medicina regularmente matriculados do 1º ao 6º ano. Foi aplicado um questionário padronizado e validado contendo questões objetivas e subjetivas sobre condições sociodemográfcas e aspectos clínico-epidemiológicos. A prevalência de cefaleia foi de 95,9%. A maioria do gênero feminino (55,3%). Todos que alegaram cefaleia, a relataram em algum momento, como causa de absenteísmo e comprometimento de rendimento nos estudos. A maioria dos casos positivos afrmaram nunca ter realizado tratamento com neurologista (95,9%). 76,5% alegaram automedicação com analgésicos comuns, apresentando relevância estatística (p:0,0). Foi encontrado um percentual de prevalência maior no sexo feminino, corroborando com a literatura. Houve uma atribuição da cefaleia a períodos de maior estresse durante o semestre letivo, logo é sabido que são vários os fatores descritos como desencadeantes ou atenuantes no aparecimento. Tendo em vista o relato de absenteísmo e comprometimento de rendimento, bem como a não procura de especialista e automedicação, é necessário que haja uma orientação a estes estudantes a fm de incentivá-los à busca pelo tratamento adequado, a fm de terem uma melhor qualidade de vida.


Headache is a symptom of high prevalence, with important impact on the activities of daily living. Medical student is a vulnerable population to headache due to an exhausting workload, as well as favorable habits like sleep deprivation, irregular eating, physical inactivity and stress. The objective was to evaluate the prevalence of headache and its impact on medical students at a public university in Alagoas. 97 medical students from the 1st to the 6th grade were randomly selected. A standardized and validated questionnaire containing objective and subjective questions about sociodemographic conditions and clinical-epidemiological aspects was applied. The prevalence of headache was 95.9%. The majority was female gender (55.3%). All the positives cases reported the headache as a cause of absenteeism and impaired performance in the studies, it at some point. Most of the positive cases reported never having treated with a neurologist (95.9%). 76.5% claimed self-medication with common analgesics, presenting statistical relevance (p: 0.0). A higher prevalence rate was found in females, corroborating with the literature. There was an attribution of headache to periods of greater stress during the school semester, so it is well known that several factors are described as triggering or attenuating. In view of the report of absenteeism and academic performance impairment, added to a non-search of medical care and and self-medication, it is necessary to provide guidance in order to encourage these students to seek appropriate treatment and then achieve a better quality of life.

5.
Int. j. morphol ; 37(3): 997-1002, Sept. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1012387

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN: La arteria estriada medial distal hace parte de la circulación encefálica, nace de la arteria cerebral anterior generalmente a nivel de la arteria comunicante anterior, aunque según distintos estudios su origen varía, siendo así difícil de determinar con exactitud. Su importancia clínica radica en la prevalencia de aneurismas encontrados en esta arteria, que posteriormente podrían causar complicaciones debido a la región que irrigan, siendo estas las secuelas somático-vitales y neuropsicológicas, además de su inadecuado abordaje quirúrgico sin prever las alteraciones que puedan ser ocasionados; a causa de lo anterior es de vital importancia que los profesionales de la salud tengan previo conocimiento de la anatomía y la prevalencia de esta arteria en la población. Se realizó un estudio observacional de tipo descriptivo en donde se analizó la arteria estriada medial distal en 70 encéfalos, piezas de los anfiteatros de Medicina de la Universidad de Ciencias Aplicadas y Ambientales U.D.C.A. (Bogotá), la Universidad Científica del Sur UCSUR (Lima); fijados en formol al 10 %, se realizaron mediciones morfométricas mediante calibrador digital y se tomó el registro fotográfico con una cámara Canon. Posteriormente se ejecutó el análisis estadístico mediante el programa IBM SPSS Stadistics 24. Se encontró una prevalencia del 88,6 % de al menos una arteria estriada medial distal en población colombiana y un 97,1 % de la población peruana. Se identificó un diámetro externo promedio de 0,64 mm en población colombiana y de 0,68 mm en población peruana. Se observó una longitud promedio de 2,5 cm en ambas poblaciones. Se evidenció el mayor lugar de origen en la porción A2 de la ACA con un 37,1 % de población colombiana y un 51,4 % de población peruana. Se debe conocer adecuadamente la anatomía y las correspondientes variaciones anatómicas de esta arteria para así poder realizar un adecuado abordaje neurológico y neuroquirúrgico.


SUMMARY: The distal medial striate artery is part of the brain circulation, born from the anterior cerebral artery generally at the level of the anterior communicating artery, although according to different studies its origin varies, being thus difficult to determine with accuracy. Its clinical importance lies in the prevalence of aneurysms found in this artery, which could later cause complications due to the region they irrigate, these being the somatic-vital and neuropsychological sequelae, in addition to its inadequate surgical approach without foreseeing the alterations that may be caused; Because of the above it is of vital importance that health professionals have prior knowledge of the anatomy and prevalence of this artery in the population. An observational descriptive study was carried out in which the distal medial striated artery in 70 brain cells, pieces from the Medicine amphitheatres of the Universidad de Ciencias Aplicadas y Ambientales U.D.C.A. (Bogotá), the Universidad Científica del Sur UCSUR (Lima); fixed in 10 % formalin, morphometric measurements were made by automatic calibrator and the photographic record was taken with a Canon camera. Subsequently, the statistical analysis was executed through the IBM SPSS Statistics program 24. A prevalence of 88.6 % of at least one distal medial striate artery was found in the Colombian population and 97.1 % of the Peruvian population. An average external diameter of 0.64 mm was identified in the Colombian population and 0.68 mm in the Peruvian population. An average length of 2.5 cm was observed in both populations. The largest place of origin was evidenced in the A2 portion of the ACA with 37.1 % of the Colombian population and 51.4 % of the Peruvian population. The anatomy and the corresponding anatomical variations of this artery must be adequately known to be able to perform an adequate neurological and neurosurgical approach.

6.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 13(3): 299-304, set. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1012426

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT: Gingival recessions are characterized by partial denudation of the root surface due to apical displacement of the gingival margin from the amelocemental junction and may be localized or generalized. The aim of this study was evaluate the prevalence of gingival recession and dentine hypersensitivity of dental students of Federal University of Juiz de Fora, Brazil. Were examined 80 students with on average age of 22.9, randomly selected to assess the prevalence, level of gingival recession and the presence of dentinal hypersensitivity. Fifty students had at least one gingival recession and dentine hypersensitivity was observed in 28 students. Buccal surface was the most prevalent (86.6 %), with measures mostly between 1 and 2 mm (92 %) and classified as Class I Miller (96.25 %). The pre-molars were the group most frequently affected teeth (37.35 %). Gingival recession with small measures is a very common condition in young patients.


RESUMEN: Las recesiones gingivales se caracterizan por una denudación parcial de la superficie radicular debido al desplazamiento apical del margen gingival, desde la unión amelocemental y puede ser localizada o generalizada. El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar la prevalencia de la recesión gingival y la hipersensibilidad dentinaria en estudiantes de Odontología de la Universidad Federal de Juiz de Fora, Brasil. Se examinaron 80 estudiantes con una edad promedio de 22,9, seleccionados al azar para evaluar la prevalencia, el nivel de recesión gingival y la presencia de hipersensibilidad dentinal. En cincuenta estudiantes se observó al menos una recesión gingival y se reportó hipersensibilidad a la dentina en 28 estudiantes. La superficie oral fue la más prevalente (86,6 %), con medidas principalmente entre 1 y 2 mm (92 %) y clasificada como Clase I Miller (96,25 %). Los premolares fueron el grupo de dientes afectados con mayor frecuencia (37,35 %). La recesión gingival con medidas pequeñas es una condición muy común en pacientes jóvenes.

7.
Braz. j. biol ; 79(3): 533-542, July-Sept. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1001455

ABSTRACT

Abstract Host infection by parasites is influenced by an array of factors, including host and environmental features. We investigated the relationship between host sex, body size and age, as well as seasonality on infection patterns by acanthocephalan in coatis (Procyonidae: Nasua nasua) and in crab-eating foxes (Canidae: Cerdocyon thous ) from the Brazilian Pantanal wetlands. Between 2006 and 2009, we collected faecal samples from these hosts and analyzed for the presence of acanthocephalan eggs. Prevalence, abundance and intensity of eggs of acanthocephalans were calculated. Egg abundance was analyzed using generalized linear models (GLM) with a negative binomial distribution and models were compared by Akaike criteria to verify the effect of biotic and abiotic factors. Prevalence of acanthocephalans was higher in the wet season in both host species but did not differ between host sexes; however, adult crab-eating foxes showed higher prevalence of acanthocephalan eggs than juveniles. In contrast, prevalence of acanthocephalan eggs found in coatis was higher in coati juveniles than in adults. Host age, season and maximum temperature were the top predictors of abundance of acanthocephalan eggs in crab-eating foxes whereas season and host sex were predictors of egg abundance in coatis. The importance of seasonality for abundance of acanthocephalan was clear for both host species. The influence of host-related attributes, however, varied by host species, with host gender and host age being important factors associated with prevalence and parasite loads.


Resumo A infecção de hospedeiro por parasitos é influenciada por uma série de fatores, incluindo características do hospedeiro e ambientais. Nós investigamos a relação entre sexo do hospedeiro, tamanho corporal e idade, bem como sazonalidade nos padrões de infecção por acantocéfalos em coatis (Procyonidae: Nasua nasua) e em cachorro-do-mato (Canidae: Cerdocyon thous ) do Pantanal brasileiro e quais fatores explicaram melhor a prevalência e a intensidade desses parasitos. Entre 2006 e 2009, coletamos amostras fecais desses hospedeiros e analisamos a presença de ovos de acantocéfalos. Prevalência, abundância e intensidade de ovos de acantócefálios foram calculados. A abundância de ovos foi analisada utilizando modelos lineares generalizados (GLM) com distribuição binomial negativa e os modelos foram comparados pelo critério de Akaike para verificar o efeito de fatores bióticos e abióticos. A prevalência de acantocéfalos foi maior na estação úmida em ambas as espécies de hospedeiros, mas não diferiu entre os sexos do hospedeiro; no entanto, os cachorros-do-mato adultos apresentaram maior prevalência de ovos de acantocéfalos do que em juvenis. Em contraste, a prevalência de ovos de acantocéfalos encontrados em coatis foi maior em juvenis do que em adultos. A idade do hospedeiro, a estação e a temperatura máxima foram os preditores de abundância de ovos de acantocéfalos em cachorro-do-mato, enquanto a estação e o sexo do hospedeiro foram preditores da abundância dos ovos do parasito em coatis. A importância da sazonalidade para a abundância do acantocéfalo foi clara para ambas as espécies hospedeiras. A influência dos atributos relacionados ao hospedeiro, no entanto, variou entre as espécies de hospedeiros, sendo o sexo e idade do hospedeiro fatores importantes associados à prevalência e às cargas parasitárias.

8.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 24(9): 3293-3303, set. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1019668

ABSTRACT

Resumo Este estudo teve como objetivo identificar a prevalência e fatores associados à hipertensão arterial (HA) em adultos quilombolas do Rio Grande do Sul (RS). Trata-se de um estudo transversal de base populacional, realizado em 2011, com 589 adultos responsáveis por domicílios e amostragem proporcional ao tamanho. O desfecho foi obtido com a pergunta: "Algum médico já lhe disse que você tem hipertensão?". Foi empregada regressão de Poisson, com variância robusta e entrada hierarquizada das variáveis. Por fim, foram calculadas as frações atribuíveis populacionais por componente (FAPC) para fatores modificáveis associados à HA. A prevalência autorreferida de HA foi de 38,3% (IC95% 31,4%-45,1%). A análise ajustada revelou associação do desfecho com faixa etária, escolaridade, consumo excessivo de álcool, circunferência da cintura acima do adequado e presença de diabetes. A análise dos FAPC revelou que, se os indivíduos tivessem maior escolaridade, a prevalência de HA seria reduzida. Diante da elevada prevalência de HA e da extrema vulnerabilidade social dessa população, políticas públicas que garantam seu acesso a direitos fundamentais (saúde, renda e escolaridade) poderiam ter impacto importante na diminuição desse desfecho.


Abstract The study sought to identify the prevalence of arterial hypertension (AH) and possible associated factors in adults residing in quilombola communities in the State of Rio Grande do Sul (RS). A transversal population-based study, carried out in 2011, included 589 adult households in quilombola communities in the State of RS, by sampling proportional to the size. The outcome was obtained by the question: "Has a doctor ever told you that you have hypertension?" Poisson regression with robust variance and hierarchical input variables were used. Finally, the population attributable fractions per component (PAFC) were calculated for modifiable factors associated to AH. The self-reported prevalence of AH was 38.3% (CI95% 31.4%-45.1%). Adjusted analysis revealed an association of the outcome with age group, education, excessive alcohol consumption, waist circumference and the presence of diabetes. PAFC analysis revealed that if the individuals had greater schooling, the prevalence of AH would be reduced. Given the high prevalence of AH and the extreme social vulnerability of this population, public policies that guarantee their access to fundamental rights (health, income and schooling) could have a significant impact in reducing this outcome.

9.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 24(9): 3305-3313, set. 2019. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1019669

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objetivou-se verificar a prevalência e os fatores socioeconômicos e de saúde associados a morbidades autorreferidas entre idosos da comunidade. Inquérito analítico e transversal, conduzido em 2012 com 1.691 idosos de Uberaba-MG. Utilizou-se instrumento estruturado para os dados socioeconômicos e morbidades autorreferidas; e Escalas (Depressão Geriátrica Abreviada, Katz e Lawton e Brody). Procedeu-se às análises descritivas e regressão linear (p < 0,05). Maior percentual (88,3%) de idosos referiram duas ou mais morbidades, com maior prevalência para hipertensão arterial sistêmica (61,9%) e problemas de coluna (48,6%). Foram associados ao maior número de morbidades: sexo feminino (β = 0,216; p < 0,001), incapacidade funcional para atividades básicas (β = 0,240; p < 0,001) e instrumentais (β = 0,120; p < 0,001) de vida diária e indicativo de depressão (β = 0,209; p < 0,001). A presença de duas ou mais morbidades e a associação com variáveis socioeconômicas e de saúde demonstram a necessidade de ações de monitoramento e controle desses fatores entre idosos nessa condição.


Abstract This study aimed to verify the prevalence and socioeconomic and health factors associated with morbidity among community-dwelling elderly. This is an analytical and cross-sectional survey conducted in 2012 with 1,691 elderly from Uberaba-MG. A tool structured for socioeconomic data and self-reported morbidities was used along with the Abbreviated Geriatric Depression, Katz and Lawton-Brody scales. We proceeded to a descriptive analysis and linear regression (p < 0.05). A high percentage (88.3%) of elderly reported two or more morbidities, with higher prevalence for systemic arterial hypertension (61.9%) and back problems (48.6%). Female gender (β = 0.216; p< 0.001), functional disability in basic (β = 0.240; p < 0.001) and instrumental activities of daily living (β = 0.120; p < 0.001) and indicative of depression (β = 0.209; p < 0.001) were associated with the highest number of morbidities. The presence of two or more comorbidities and the association with socioeconomic and health variables show the need for monitoring and control actions of the factors that interfere in the elderly in this condition.

10.
Coluna/Columna ; 18(3): 214-216, July-Sept. 2019.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019774

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of patients with colonization of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in the nasal mucosa, who underwent elective spinal procedures. Methods Retrospective study of the medical records of all patients submitted to elective procedures, totaling 125 individuals in the period of 2015 and 2017, performed by two spinal surgeons of the Orthopedics and Traumatology Service of Hospital Mater Dei, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais. The pre-operative investigation of MRSA consisted of the collection of a nasal swab for microbiological culture. Results Of the 125 patients evaluated, three (2.4%) showed positive results for MRSA nasal colonization. This prevalence is consistent with the international literature, that ranges from 1.5 to 5.9%. Of these patients none had infection of the surgical wound, probably due to the preoperative prophylactic measures. Conclusions Despite the limitations of the study, we found that the prevalence of carriers of this nasal MRSA population is similar to that of populations worldwide . Level of evidence III; Retrospective Study.


RESUMO Objetivo O objetivo desse trabalho foi determinar a prevalência dos pacientes submetidos a procedimentos eletivos de coluna com mucosa nasal colonizada por Staphylococcus aureus Meticilina Resistente (MRSA). Métodos Foi realizado estudo retrospectivo dos prontuários de todos os pacientes submetidos a procedimentos eletivos, totalizando 125, entre 2015 e 2017, por dois cirurgiões de coluna do serviço de Ortopedia e Traumatologia do Hospital Mater Dei, de Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais. A investigação pré-operatória para MRSA consistiu em swab nasal submetido à cultura microbiológica. Resultados Dos 125 pacientes avaliados, três (2,4%) apresentaram resultado positivo para colonização nasal por MRSA. Essa prevalência está de acordo com a literatura estrangeira, que varia de 1,5 a 5,9%. Desses pacientes, nenhum apresentou infecção da ferida operatória, provavelmente devido às medidas de profilaxia instituídas. Conclusão Apesar das limitações do estudo, constatamos que a população estudada apresenta prevalência de carreamento nasal de MRSA similar às populações estrangeiras. Nível de evidência III; Estudo Retrospectivo.


RESUMEN El objetivo de este estudio fue determinar la prevalencia de pacientes con colonización de Staphylococcus aureus resistente a la meticilina (SARM) en la mucosa nasal que se sometieron a procedimientos electivos de columna vertebral. Métodos Estudio retrospectivo de los registros médicos de todos los pacientes sometidos a procedimientos electivos, con un total de 125 individuos en el período de 2015 a 2017, realizado por dos cirujanos de columna vertebral del Servicio de Ortopedia y Traumatología del Hospital Mater Dei, de Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais. La investigación preoperatoria de SARM consistió en la recolección de un hisopo nasal para cultivo microbiológico. Resultados De los 125 pacientes evaluados, tres (2,4%) tuvieron resultados positivos para la colonización nasal por SARM. Esta prevalencia está de acuerdo con la literatura internacional, que varía de 1,5% a 5,9%. De estos pacientes, ninguno tuvo infección de la herida quirúrgica, probablemente debido a las medidas profilácticas preoperatorias. Conclusiones A pesar de las limitaciones del estudio, encontramos que la prevalencia de portadores de SARM nasal de esta población es similar a la de poblaciones de todo el mundo. Nivel de Evidencia III; Estudio retrospectivo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Spine , Staphylococcus aureus , Prevalence
11.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 32(4): 414-417, July-Aug. 2019.
Article in English | LILACS, Sec. Est. Saúde SP, SESSP-IDPCPROD, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: biblio-1012339

ABSTRACT

Sports competition can be a trigger to fatal arrhythmias in predisposed individuals, leading to sudden cardiac death. Athletes have 2.8 fold more risk of sudden cardiac death than non-athletes. However, female athletes seem to have some cardiac protection, dying suddenly much less than men during sports. Although the mechanisms for this protection have not been well established until now, hormonal, genetic and molecular factors may play a role in it. The so-called "fair sex" might harbour the key for sudden cardiac death prevention


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Sports/physiology , Prevalence , Death, Sudden, Cardiac/prevention & control , Arrhythmias, Cardiac , Cardiomyopathy, Hypertrophic , Coronary Artery Disease , Sex Factors , Electrocardiography/methods
12.
Acta Paul. Enferm. (Online) ; 32(4): 425-432, Jul.-Ago. 2019. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1010831

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objetivo Identificar a prevalência e os fatores associados à violência ocupacional na equipe de enfermagem. Métodos Trata-se de um estudo transversal realizado com uma amostra de 242 trabalhadores de enfermagem de um hospital universitário da Região Sul do Brasil. A coleta de dados ocorreu de janeiro a junho de 2018, por meio de um questionário de caracterização sociodemográfica e ocupacional e o Questionário para Avaliação da Violência no Trabalho Sofrida ou Testemunhada por Trabalhadores de Enfermagem. Os dados foram analisados por estatística descritiva e regressão logística múltipla. Resultados A prevalência de violência física foi de 20,2%; de abuso verbal, 59,1%; e a de assédio sexual foi de 12,8%. Os fatores associados à violência física foram ser testemunha de agressão física ocupacional (p<0,001; ORajustado: 5,757) e relacionamento interpessoal ruim (p=0,043; ORajustado: 2,172); ao abuso verbal, ser testemunha de violência verbal no ambiente de trabalho (p<0,001; ORajustado: 11,699), ser vítima de violência física (p=0,043; ORajustado: 2,336) e falta de reconhecimento profissional (p=0,004; ORajustado: 0,361); e ao assédio sexual, ser testemunha desse tipo de assédio (p=0,030; ORajustado: 3,422), ser vítima de abuso verbal (p=0,031; ORajustado: 3,116), trabalhar no turno noturno (p=0,036; ORajustado: 0,396) e idade mais jovem (p=0,001; ORajustado: 0,924). Conclusão A equipe de enfermagem foi vítima de diferentes tipos de violência no trabalho e associaram-se a ela, principalmente, os fatores ocupacionais, como testemunhar a violência ocupacional.


Resumen Objetivo identificar la prevalencia y los factores asociados a la violencia laboral en el equipo de enfermería. Métodos se trata de un estudio transversal realizado con una muestra de 242 trabajadores de enfermería de un hospital universitario de la región sur de Brasil. La recolección de datos se realizó de enero a junio de 2018, por medio de un cuestionario de caracterización sociodemográfica y laboral y el Cuestionario para Evaluación de la Violencia Laboral Sufrida o Presenciada por Trabajadores de Enfermería. Los datos fueron analizados por estadística descriptiva y regresión logística múltiple. Resultados la prevalencia de violencia física fue de 20,2%; de acoso verbal, 59,1%; y de acoso sexual, 12,8%. Los factores asociados a la violencia física fueron: presenciar agresión física laboral (p<0,001; ORajustado: 5,757) y mala relación interpersonal (p=0,043; ORajustado: 2,172); al acoso verbal: presenciar violencia verbal en el ambiente de trabajo (p<0,001; ORajustado: 11,699), ser víctima de violencia física (p=0,043; ORajustado: 2,336) y falta de reconocimiento personal (p=0,004; ORajustado: 0,361); y al acoso sexual: presenciar este tipo de acoso (p=0,030; ORajustado: 3,422), ser víctima de acoso verbal (p=0,031; ORajustado: 3,116), trabajar en el turno nocturno (p=0,036; ORajustado: 0,396) y edad más joven (p=0,001; ORajustado: 0,924). Conclusión el equipo de enfermería fue víctima de diferentes tipos de violencia laboral, a la que se asocia, principalmente, los factores laborales, como presenciar violencia laboral.


Abstract Objective To identify the prevalence of and factors associated with occupational violence among members of the nursing team. Methods This was a cross-sectional study, conducted with a sample of 242 nursing professionals from a university hospital in the southern region of Brazil. The data were collected from January to June of 2018, using a sociodemographic and occupational characterization questionnaire, and the Questionnaire for assessing violence in work suffered or witnessed by nursing staff. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and multiple logistic regressions. Results The prevalence of physical violence was 20.2%; verbal abuse 59.1%; and sexual harassment, 12.8%. The factors associated with physical violence were: being a witness to physical occupational aggression (p<0.001; ORadjusted: 5.757), and, poor interpersonal relationships (p=0.043; ORadjusted: 2.172). Factors related to verbal abuse were: being a witness to verbal violence in the work environment (p<0.001; ORadjusted: 11.699), being a victim of physical violence (p=0.043; ORadjusted: 2.336); and, lack of professional recognition (p=0.004; ORadjusted: 0.361). Factors related to sexual harassment were: being a witness to this type of harassment (p=0.030; ORadjusted: 3.422), being a victim of verbal abuse (p=0.031; ORadjusted: 3.116); working during the night shift (p=0.036; ORadjusted: 0.396); and, being of a younger age (p=0.001; ORadjusted: 0.924). Conclusion Members of the nursing team were victims of different modes of workplace violence, associated mainly with occupational factors, such as witnessing occupational violence.

13.
Braz. J. Psychiatry (São Paulo, 1999, Impr.) ; 41(4): 316-323, July-Aug. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1011503

ABSTRACT

Objective: To estimate the prevalence of major depressive episode (MDE) in patients with presumptive pulmonary tuberculosis (pre-PTB, defined by cough lasting ≥ 3 weeks) and compare it between patients with pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) and without PTB. Methods: Patients with pre-PTB (n=260) were screened for depression using the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9). Those individuals with scores ≥ 10 were subsequently assessed with the depression module of the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI-Plus) to confirm diagnosis. Associations of categorical variables with PTB and MDE were calculated using the chi-square test and OR. Results: PTB was confirmed in 98 patients (37.7%). A high proportion of both groups (active PTB and no PTB) screened positive for depression (60.2 vs. 62.1%, respectively). Among 159 patients who screened positive for depression, a subset of 97 (61.0%) were further evaluated with the MINI-Plus; current MDE was confirmed in 54.6% (53/97). On univariate and multivariate analysis, female sex was the only factor associated with the diagnosis of current MDE (p = 0.04). Conclusion: The prevalence of MDE was high among individuals with prolonged respiratory symptoms, independent of PTB diagnosis. This is consistent with other studies of depression in primary care in Brazil.

14.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 24(8): 2909-2922, ago. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1011878

ABSTRACT

Resumo Trata-se de uma revisão sistemática e metanálise para estimar e comparar as prevalências de fluorose dental em localidades brasileiras abastecidas com água tratada sem suplementação de flúor e em localidades que utilizam de água de origem subterrânea. Em dezembro de 2016 foram buscados estudos transversais em 8 bases de dados incluindo a "literatura cinzenta". As prevalências foram estimadas utilizando modelo misto de efeitos aleatórios considerando as localidades como subgrupo. A heterogeneidade entre os estudos foi avaliada através da estatística I2 e do teste Q de Cochran. Foram encontrados 1.038 registros, dos quais apenas 18 artigos preencheram os critérios de inclusão, sendo submetidos para análise. O modelo metanalítico estimou em 8,92% (IC95%:5,41% até 14,36%) a prevalência de fluorose dental em municípios com água tratada sem suplementação de flúor e em 51,96% (IC95%: 31,03% até 72,22%) em municípios abastecidos por poços artesianos. A heterogeneidade entre os estudos foi alta, I2 = 95% (p < 0,01) no primeiro subgrupo de municípios e I2 = 98% (p < 0,01) no segundo subgrupo. A prevalência foi significativamente maior (p < 0,001) em populações expostas à água de poços artesianos, indicando que a presença de flúor natural em concentrações elevadas representa um fator de risco para a ocorrência de fluorose dental.


Abstract This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to estimate and compare the prevalences of dental fluorosis in Brazilian cities supplied with non-fluoridated water and in locations that uses groundwater. In December of 2016, cross-sectional studies were searched in eight databases, including the "grey literature". The prevalences were estimated through a mixed random effects model considering the locations as subgroups. The heterogeneity among the studies was assessed with I2 statistics and the Cochran's Q test. A total of 1038 records were found, from which only 18 articles met the inclusion criteria and were subjected to analysis. The meta-analytic model estimated a prevalence of dental fluorosis of 8.92 % (95 % CI: 5.41 % to 14.36 %) in cities supplied with non-fluoridated water, and of 51.96 % (95 % CI: 31.03 % to 72.22 %) in cities supplied by artesian wells. The heterogeneity among the studies was high: I2 = 95 % (p < 0.01) in the first subgroup of cities and I2 = 98 % (p < 0.01) in the second subgroup. The prevalence was significantly higher (p < 0.001) in populations exposed to artesian well water, indicating that the presence of natural fluoride at high concentrations represents a risk factor for the occurrence of dental fluorosis.

15.
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 63(4): 351-357, July-Aug. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1019365

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective In this study, we aimed to describe the prevalence and distribution of positive antithyroperoxidase antibodies (TPOAb) according to sex, age strata, and presence of thyroid dysfunction using baseline data from the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil). Materials and methods Thyroid hormone tests were obtained from each study participant at baseline. Levels of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) and free thyroxine (FT4) were measured using a third-generation immunoenzymatic assay. Antithyroperoxidase antibodies were measured by electrochemiluminescence and were considered to be positive when ≥ 34 IU/mL. Results The prevalence of TPOAb among 13,503 study participants was 12%. Of participants with positive TPOAb, 69% were women. Almost 60% of the individuals with positive TPOAb were white. The presence of positive TPOAb was associated with the entire spectrum of thyroid diseases among women, but only with overt hyperthyroidism and overt hypothyroidism in men. Conclusion The distribution of positive TPOAb across sex, race, age, and thyroid function in the ELSA-Brasil study is aligned with the worldwide prevalence of positive TPOAb reported in iodine-sufficient areas. In women, the presence of TPOAb was related to the entire spectrum of thyroid dysfunction, while in men, it was only related to the occurrence of overt thyroid disease.

16.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1020666

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN: Objetivo: el objetivo de este estudio epidemiológico, fue determinar la prevalencia y severidad de caries dental, expresados en el índice de dientes definitivos con caries, obturados y perdidos (COPD), índice de dientes primarios con caries, extraídos y obturados (ceod) e Índice Significante de Caries (ISC) además establecer la necesidad de tratamiento restaurador y recursos humanos necesarios para ello, en una población escolar de 6 a 12 años de la Provincia de Santiago, Región Metropolitana. Metodología: Este estudio de corte transversal se realizó en 7 colegios entre públicos y privados que se encontraban debidamente registrados en la base de datos de la Secretaría Regional Ministerial de Educación pertenecientes a Provincia de Santiago, Región Metropolitana. Se seleccionó mediante un muestreo aleatorio estratificado por nivel socioeconómico, sexo y edad, una muestra de 1333 escolares de entre 6 a 12 años los cuales fueron evaluados previo asentimiento y con el consentimiento de sus tutores legales, por dos dentistas calibrados (Kappa 0.94). Para el diagnóstico de caries se utilizaron los criterios OMS. Los datos fueron recolectados en una ficha diseñada especialmente para ello y analizados utilizando el programa estadístico SPSS realizando pruebas no paramétricas de Kruskal-Wallis y U Mann-Whitney con un valor de significancia estadística del 95% (p<0,05). Resultados La prevalencia de caries encontrada en esta población, en dentición permanente fue de 24,5%, mientras que para dentición primaria 47,8%, los valores obtenidos del Índice COPD 0,48; ceod 1,67; ISC para COPD 1,45 y ISC para ceod 4,52. Las horas profesionales de odontólogos/as con sus respectivos/as asistentes, necesarias destinadas sólo a tratamiento restaurador para dar solución al daño encontrado en la muestra de estudio al momento del examen, corresponden a 167 horas para dentición permanente y 689 horas para dentición primaria. Conclusiones: La prevalencia y distribución de caries dental en escolares de 6 a 12 años de la Provincia de Santiago correspondió a cifras menores a las consignadas en el Diagnóstico de Salud Oral del Ministerio de Salud del año 2007, y menores a los índices propuestos por las organizaciones internacionales. Para resolver la necesidad de tratamiento restaurador en esta muestra se necesitarán 856 horas odontológicas.


ABSTRACT: Objective: The aim of the study was to determine prevalence and severity of dental caries, treatment needs and human resources required, in a school population aged 6 to 12 years in province of Santiago. Methodology: This cross-sectional study was conducted in seven schools. A stratified random sample was selected by socioeconomic level, sex and age. 1333 school children were evaluated by two calibrated dentists (Kappa 0.94). WHO criteria were used for caries diagnosis. Data were statistically analyzed by nonparametric tests of Kruskal-Wallis and U Mann-Whitney, statistical significance value of 95% (p <0.05). Results: 1333 patients fit the inclusion criteria. Caries prevalence was 24.5% for permanent teeth and 47.8% for primary teeth. DMFT index was 0.48, dmft index was 1.67. SiC was 1.45 for DMFT and 4.52 for dmft. A total of 167 and 689 hours of restorative treatment were required for permanent dentition and primary dentition, respectively. Conclusions: The prevalence and severity distribution of dental caries in school children aged 6 to 12 years in the Province of Santiago were lower than those recorded in the past, and lower than the rates proposed by the international organizations. To restore damaged founded in this sample 856 hours will be needed.

17.
Prensa méd. argent ; 105(7): 410-415, agosto 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1022189

ABSTRACT

Bachkgrond: Anemia is a very important nutritional disorder in the world, it has multiple etiologies and pregnancy is associated with a deficit in the intake of iron and physiological changes of pregnancy. Aim of the study: To assess the prevalence of anemia in pregnant Iraqi women. Patients and method: A cross-sectional study carried at Al-Elwyia maternity teaching hospital in the period from the 1st of Jan. 2018 to the end of October 2018, in which 1000 pregnant women were enrolled in the study and divided into 2 groups: case group (n=652) and control group (n=348) according to the level of Hb. Results: The mean age of the case group was (27.8±7.1) years old and (26.1±2.3) years for the control group. The anemia was found in (6521000) patients and Iron deficiency anemia is the main type of anemia (80.2%) while (19.8%) was another type of anemia. Poor diet (65%) is the common cause of anemia were found commonly in the 3rd trimester (50.2%). Conclusion: The prevalence of anemia was 65.2% in the current study (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Pregnancy Trimester, Third , Hemoglobins/deficiency , Pregnancy , Case-Control Studies , Helsinki Declaration , Anemia/diagnosis
18.
Prensa méd. argent ; 105(7): 421-426, agosto 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1022195

ABSTRACT

Vitamin d deficiency state is a global public health issue that has been linked in addition to bone problems to a number of disordes affecting the cardiovascular syste, the development of neoplastic disords and autoimmune diseases. However, the prevalence rate of vitamin D deficiency in daily clinical practice in our province in the Mid-Euphrates region of Iraq is poorly defined. The current study was planned and conducted, taking into consideration the aim of estimating a hospital base prevalence rate of vitamin D and relate vitamin D insufficiency state to a number of demographic factors. The current crosssectionalk study was carried out in the orthopedic unit at Al-Diwaniyah Teaching Hospital, Mid Euphrates rgion, Iraq. The study included a random sample of 141 individuals from the pool of patientes daily visiting the orthopedic unit. The study started in January 2018 and ended on June 2019. Serum estimation of vitamin D was carried out to all particpants in addition to the inclusion of the fowling variables in the questionnaire form: age gender, residency, occupation, education level, and economic status. The results of the current study revealed that the serum level of vitamin D ranged from 4.80 to 70.00 ng/dl and it averaged 18.57±11.59 ng/dl; its median and inter-quartile range level was 15.83 (14.40) ng/dl. According to a cutoffvalue of < 20 ng/dl defining the vitamin D deficiency status according to some literature, the prevalence rate was 64.5%. Whereas, considering the cutoff value to be < 30 ng/dl, the prevalence rate of vitamin deficiency was 87.9%. Serum vitain D level was not significantly correlated to any of the demographic characteristics included in the study. In view of the available data from the current study and previous reports, vitamin D deficiency is a common health issue in daily clinical practice and strategies ust be adipted by our health institutes to overcome this health problem and associated disorders (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Vitamin D Deficiency/diagnosis , Population Characteristics , Prevalence , Surveys and Questionnaires/statistics & numerical data
19.
Rev. bras. med. trab ; 17(2): 170-179, ago.2019.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1015195

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A síndrome de Burnout é um dos principais exemplos de distúrbio relacionado diretamente ao trabalho. Caracteriza-se como uma síndrome psicológica resultante da exposição a estressores presentes no contexto laboral e constitui relevante problema psicossocial. Objetivos: A pesquisa propôs identificar a prevalência e os fatores associados da síndrome de Burnout em docentes de universidades públicas e privadas. Método: Foram utilizados dois instrumentos autoaplicados: um com questões sociodemográficas, psicossociais, ocupacionais e de aspectos relativos à saúde e outro baseado no Maslach Burnout Inventory Educators Survey em professores de quatro instituições públicas e privadas do município de Caicó, Rio Grande do Norte, Brasil. Foram feitas as análises univariada e bivariada, bem como criado um modelo de regressão logística. Resultados: Observou-se que 61,6% dos docentes encontravam-se na fase inicial da síndrome. A presença de doenças de base e o elevado número de disciplinas foram as únicas variáveis associadas significativamente com a ocorrência de Burnout. As médias dos escores de despersonalização foram significativamente maiores em docentes que tinham outra ocupação, que relataram necessidade de atualização profissional e com número elevado de disciplinas. As médias dos escores de exaustão foram maiores nos professores com doença prévia e hipertensos. Conclusões: Este estudo demonstrou que a prevalência da síndrome de Burnout nos professores universitários no município de Caicó, Rio Grande do Norte, é relativamente alta. A detecção precoce de níveis sintomáticos de Burnout pode ser um bom indicador de possíveis tratamentos precoces.


Background: Burnout is one of the main examples of health disorders directly related to work. This is a psychological syndrome that results from exposure to stressors in the workplace and represents a considerable psychosocial problem. Objective: To establish the prevalence of and factors associated with burnout among professors at public and private universities. Methods: We administered two self-report questionnaires­one for sociodemographic, psychosocial, occupational and health-related data, and the other based on the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Educators Survey­to professors at four public and private universities in Caicó, Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil. We subjected the data to univariate and bivariate analysis and also fitted a logistic regression model. Results: About 60% of the participants were categorized as in the earliest stage of burnout syndrome. Having a chronic disease and teaching a large number of courses were the only variables significantly associated with burnout. The average score on domain depersonalization was significantly higher among the participants who had a second job, those who reported to need professional updating and the ones who taught a large number of courses. The average score on domain emotional exhaustion was higher among the participants with some chronic disease and those with high blood pressure. Conclusion: The prevalence of burnout was high in the analyzed sample of university professors. Early detection of burnout symptoms might favor early treatment

20.
Saude e pesqui. (Impr.) ; 12(2): 253-264, maio/ago 2019. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1015786

ABSTRACT

The intestinal parasitic diseases directly affect the quality of life of indigenous populations, because of vulnerabilities they experience. This study aimed to understand the prevalence of intestinal parasites among the Haliti-Paresí and relate with sanitation and ethno-development. It is a quantitative and cross-sectional study on indigenous Utiaritiland where reside the Haliti-Paresí, in the middle region northern Mato Grosso, Brazil. Data collection occurred in 2015, from interview with application of semi-structured form and collection of feces for coprological survey.Forty-three indigenous people participated in the study, of an average age of 30.9 years old, mostly women, and a predominance of basic education. The prevalence of enteroparasitosis was 46.6%, predominantly among men, reaching all adolescents, followed by children, without the influence of schooling in the rate of infection. Nine species were detected, being six pathogenic, Giardia duodenalis, Entamoebahistolytica, Ancilostomídeo, Blastocystishominis, Hymenolepis nana and Rodentolepis nana, in addition to three non-pathogenic, Iodamoebabutschlii, Entamoeba coli and Endolimax nana.The sanitation conditions, associated with cultural habits, point to the need for improvement in sanitation, since we detected a high prevalence of intestinal parasitoses in this study. The ethno-development may be crucial as strategies for the maintenance of culture in balance with health and sanitary development.


As doenças parasitárias intestinais impactam diretamente na qualidade de vida das populações indígenas, em decorrência das vulnerabilidades que vivenciam. Objetivou-se conhecer a prevalência das parasitoses intestinais entre os Haliti-Paresí e relacionar com o saneamento e etnodesenvolvimento. Trata-se de um estudo quantitativo e transversal na terra indígena Utiariti onde residem os Haliti-Paresí, na região médio Norte de Mato Grosso, Brasil. A coleta de dados ocorreu em 2015, a partir de entrevista com aplicação de formulário semiestruturado e coleta de fezes para inquérito coprológico. Participaram do estudo 43 indígenas, com idade média de 30,9 anos, maioria mulheres e predomínio do ensino fundamental. A prevalência de enteroparasitoses foi de 46,6%, predominando entre os homens, atingindo todos os adolescentes, seguido pelas crianças, sem influência da escolaridade na taxa de infecção. Nove espécies foram detectadas, sendo seis patogênicos, Giardiaduodenalis, Entamoebahistolytica, Ancilostomídeo, Blastocystishominis, Hymenolepis nana e Rodentolepis nana, além de três não patogênicas, Iodamoebabutschlii, Entamoeba coli e Endolimax nana. As condições de saneamento associadas aos hábitos culturais apontam para necessidade de melhoria no saneamento, uma vez que detectamos alta prevalência de parasitoses intestinais neste estudo. O etnodesenvolvimento poderá ser fundamental como estratégias de manutenção da cultura em equilíbrio com a saúde e desenvolvimento sanitário.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Parasitic Diseases , Social Planning , Health of Indigenous Peoples
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