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1.
Texto & contexto enferm ; 29: e20180517, Jan.-Dec. 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1094554

RESUMEN

ABSTRACT Objective: to know how mothers affected by the Zika virus during pregnancy became aware on the diagnosis of Congenital Zika Virus Syndrome in their child and to understand the way in which the communication of the diagnosis was transmitted. Method: a qualitative approach study, with interpretative research, based on the Resilience, Stress, Adjustment and Family Adaptation Model. The research was conducted in a Specialized Rehabilitation Center in a city of Paraíba (Brazil), from June to November 2017, with 40 mothers of children with congenital Zika virus syndrome. The empirical material was produced from a semi-structured script developed by the researcher, related to the different phases and components of the adaptation and resilience process. The findings were submitted to content analysis. Results: two thematic categories were unveiled: The discovery of Congenital Zika Virus Syndrome: period of diagnosis and maternal expectations, and How to communicate the diagnosis: implications for the discovery of Congenital Zika Virus Syndrome. Conclusion: Communication of the diagnosis and professional conduct at the time of information play important roles in re-signifying the meaning of congenital malformation. The interaction established by the health professional and their posture are directly related to the satisfaction about the information received.


RESUMEN Objetivos: conocer de qué manera las madres afectadas por el virus del Zika se enteraron del diagnóstico del Síndrome Congénito del Virus del Zika en sus hijos, y determinar cómo se comunicó el diagnóstico. Método: estudio de enfoque cualitativo, con investigación interpretativa, fundamentado en el Modelo de Resiliencia, Estrés, Ajustes y Adaptación Familiar. La investigación se realizó en un Centro Especializado en Rehabilitación de un municipio da Paraíba (Brasil) entre junio y noviembre de 2017 con 40 madres de niños con el Síndrome Congénito del Virus del Zika. El material empírico se produjo a partir de un guión con carácter semiestructurado desarrollado por la investigadora, relacionado con las diferentes fases y componentes del proceso de adaptación y resiliencia. Los hallazgos se sometieron a análisis de contenido. Resultados: surgieron dos categorías temáticas: La detección del Síndrome Congénito del Virus del Zika: período del diagnóstico y expectativas maternas, y Cómo comunicar el diagnóstico: implicancias al momento de detectar el Síndrome Congénito del Virus del Zika. Conclusión: comunicar el diagnóstico y la conducta profesional al momento de dar la noticia tienen un peso importante en la resignificación del sentido de la malformación congénita. La interacción que establece el profesional de la salud y su postura están directamente relacionadas con el nivel de satisfacción con respecto a la información recibida.


RESUMO Objetivo: conhecer como as mães acometidas pelo Zika vírus na gestação souberam do diagnóstico da Síndrome Congênita do Zika vírus em seu(sua) filho(a) e apreender a forma com que a comunicação do diagnóstico foi transmitida. Método: estudo de abordagem qualitativa, com investigação interpretativa, fundamentado no Modelo de Resiliência, Estresse, Ajustamento e Adaptação Familiar. A pesquisa foi realizada em um Centro Especializado em Reabilitação de um município da Paraíba (Brasil), no período de junho a novembro de 2017, com 40 mães de crianças com a Síndrome Congênita do Zika vírus. O material empírico foi produzido a partir de um roteiro com caráter semiestruturado desenvolvido pela pesquisadora, relacionado com as diferentes fases e componentes do processo de adaptação e resiliência. Os achados foram submetidos à analise de conteúdo. Resultados: foram desveladas duas categorias temáticas: A descoberta da Síndrome Congênita do Zika vírus: período do diagnóstico e expectativas maternas, e A forma da comunicação do diagnóstico: implicações diante da descoberta da Síndrome Congênita do Zika vírus. Conclusão: a comunicação do diagnóstico e a conduta profissional no momento da informação possuem papéis importantes na ressignificação do sentido da malformação congênita. A interação estabelecida pelo profissional de saúde e sua postura estão diretamente relacionadas com a satisfação sobre a informação recebida.

2.
J Virol Methods ; : 113862, 2020 May 14.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32417207

RESUMEN

Dengue virus (DENV) and Zika virus (ZIKV) are important viral pathogens, known to cause human infections with similar symptoms, are transmitted by common vectors and co-circulate in intertropical regions. Moreover, dengue fever results from infection with one of four different serotypes of dengue virus. Considering the recent ZIKV emergence, multiplex and up-to-date assays are more preferable for detection of both viruses in a single reaction. This study aimed to develop: (i) an one-step duplex real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) assay to efficiently and simultaneously detect and quantify DENV and ZIKV; (ii) a fourplex RT-qPCR to differentiate and quantify the four DENV serotypes. The detection limit of the duplex assay was 0.028 and 0.065 FFU (focus forming unit)/ml for DENV and ZIKV respectively. The lower limit of analytical sensitivity of fourplex assay was 0.01 FFU/ml for DENV-1 and 0.1 FFU/ml for DENV-2,-3 and -4. The assessment of specificity indicated both assays were highly specific to targeted viruses with negative results for other Flaviviridae such as Japanese encephalitis, West Nile, Yellow fever or Hepatitis C viruses. The newly developed RT-qPCRs were shown to be more sensitive than a previously described assay in detecting DENV in clinical samples and are suitable for the routine diagnosis.

3.
Methods Mol Biol ; 2142: 59-71, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32367358

RESUMEN

Neutralizing antibodies against Zika virus (ZIKV) are a robust indicator of exposure to ZIKV. Here we describe the plaque reduction neutralization test (PRNT), which quantifies ZIKV-neutralizing antibodies (nAbs) by incubating infectious ZIKV with different dilutions of sera and applying the mixture to a susceptible Vero cell monolayer. After 4 days of incubation, neutral red dye is added to optimize the visualization of plaques caused by ZIKV cytopathic effect. Compared with controls, sera containing nAbs against ZIKV will demonstrate ≥90% reduction in the number of plaques observed. This protocol can be utilized for research applications and serological diagnostic testing with the use of additional controls.

4.
Methods Mol Biol ; 2142: 113-122, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32367363

RESUMEN

Maternal Zika virus (ZIKV) infection during pregnancy can have profound teratogenic effects including microcephaly and intracranial calcification. In adults, infection may cause acute inflammatory polyneuropathy. These complications appear after resolution of viremia. Thus, molecular assays of blood are typically insufficient to make the link between ZIKV infection and disease. An alternative approach to testing for ZIKV exposure is serology. However, specific serological implication of ZIKV can be confounded by cross-reactivity with closely related flaviviruses. We used high-density peptide arrays that tile the proteomes of a selection of arboviruses to search for ZIKV-specific linear epitopes that would enable the development of accurate serological tests. We identified a 20-amino-acid-long diagnostic peptide sequence in the NS2B protein of ZIKV that was immunoreactive with sera from patients with a confirmed history of infection with ZIKV but not other flaviviruses. We then established a ZIKV peptide ELISA (ZIKV-NS2B-concat ELISA) that enables sensitive and specific diagnosis of exposure to ZIKV.

5.
Methods Mol Biol ; 2142: 137-146, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32367365

RESUMEN

Reverse Transcription-Loop-mediated Isothermal Amplification (RT-LAMP) allows amplification and detection of RNA or DNA rapidly and relatively inexpensively. Here we describe how RT-LAMP can be utilized to detect Zika virus in human urine or serum samples or Aedes mosquito samples. This can be completed in under 30 min and without first isolating the RNA from the sample.

6.
Methods Mol Biol ; 2142: 147-164, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32367366

RESUMEN

Two one-step real-time reverse transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification (RT-LAMP) assays for the detection of Zika virus (ZIKV) were developed, based on two different primer design approaches: (1) open source, based on a combination of sequence diversity clustering (phylogeny and principal component analysis) and LAVA algorithm, using 45 whole genome ZIKV sequences retrieved from the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) database; (2) standard software for LAMP primer design (Primer Explorer V4), using 59 sequences of the ZIKV 3' UTR. The assays were firstly evaluated with External Quality Assessment panels from INSTAND e.V. (Germany) and EVD-LabNet (The Netherlands) including 4 and 12 unknown samples, respectively, and secondly, with 9 human, mosquito, and monkey ZIKV isolates from Africa (Senegal, Ivory Coast, and Uganda) and America (Brazil). The limit of detection as determined by probit analysis was 181 molecules for both RT-LAMP assays, and 100% reproducibility in the assays was obtained for 103 molecules (4/8 repetitions were positive for 102 molecules). Both assays were specific, amplifying only ZIKV RNA and not cross-detecting other arboviruses included in this study.

7.
Methods Mol Biol ; 2142: 165-179, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32367367

RESUMEN

Molecular detection of Zika virus (ZIKV) is a key element of outbreak management. Multiple PCR and isothermal ZIKV assays targeting different ZIKV sequences have been published. In this study, we compared a qRT-PCR, 2 RT-LAMP assays (based on different primer design approaches), and an RT-RPA for the detection of African and Asian/American lineages of ZIKV isolates from human, mosquito, and monkey. Results showed that RT-LAMP detected 100% of samples with a time threshold (Tt) of 18.01 ± 11.71 min while qRT-PCR detected 88.88% of samples with a Tt of 58.30 ± 16.58 min and RT-RPA 50% of samples with a Tt of 3.70 ± 0.44 min.

8.
Methods Mol Biol ; 2142: 197-213, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32367369

RESUMEN

Zika virus (ZIKV) is a mosquito-borne viral infection that is shed in biological fluids promoting vertical and sexual transmission. Recent outbreaks of ZIKV have been associated with an increase in adult and fetal infection-related diseases. ZIKV infection in rhesus macaques is considered a robust animal model for studying Zika viral infection dynamics and fetal disease. A compelling feature of ZIKV is its ability to persist for long periods of time in immunocompetent hosts and during pregnancy, which may be linked to adverse infection outcomes. One consistent site of viral persistence is lymph node tissues. Utilizing this feature of ZIKV infection could be useful to diagnose viral persistence and to improve efficacy evaluation of antiviral vaccines and therapeutics, as well as for diagnostic and prognostic assessments in humans. We have developed a protocol to isolate lymph node cells using cell type-specific antibody-magnetic bead techniques followed by a one-step qRT-PCR detection of Zika virus RNA. This method fostered the identification of dendritic cells, macrophages, and B cells from the lymph node and spleen as harboring persistent ZIKV RNA.

9.
Obstet Gynecol ; 135(5): 1185-1197, 2020 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32282593

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between prenatal diagnostics (ultrasound examination and amniotic fluid Zika virus testing) and postnatal congenital Zika syndrome abnormalities. DATA SOURCES: Systematic searches were performed in 27 databases, including ClinicalTrials.gov, from inception to July 1, 2019, for articles with the keywords "Zika," "prenatal," "ultrasound," and "amniocentesis." METHODS OF STUDY SELECTION: A total of 3,049 unique records were identified. Two reviewers independently assessed titles, abstracts, and full texts for relevance; 84 articles met the inclusion criteria. These articles describe 402 mother-fetus or mother-neonate dyads; 385 were included in the review of prenatal ultrasound examination, and 56 in the review of amniocentesis (39 in both). TABULATION, INTEGRATION, AND RESULTS: Among 195 fetuses with congenital Zika syndrome findings on prenatal ultrasound examination, postnatal congenital Zika syndrome abnormalities were reported for 153 (78%; 95% CI 7-84%). High proportions of microcephaly (76%; 95% CI 69-82%) and brain abnormalities (78%; 95% CI 69-86%) were confirmed postnatally. Among 190 fetuses without congenital Zika syndrome findings on prenatal ultrasound examination, 17% (95% CI 12-24%) had congenital Zika syndrome abnormalities identified postnatally. Structural congenital Zika syndrome abnormalities were identified postnatally in approximately equal proportions among dyads with and without Zika virus RNA detected in an amniotic fluid specimen (68% and 67%; 95% CI 52-82% and 95% CI 38-88%). In six pregnancies, Zika virus RNA was detected in amniotic fluid but not in a subsequent amniocentesis specimen. CONCLUSION: Prenatal ultrasound examination frequently detects structural findings associated with Zika virus infection; however, not all abnormalities are detected, and some may represent transient findings. As with other congenital infections, prenatal detection may vary with timing of infection, timing of ultrasound examination, technical expertise, and severity of abnormalities. The detection of Zika virus RNA in amniotic fluid in the included studies did not predict the risk for congenital Zika syndrome abnormalities in these cases, and clearance of Zika virus RNA from amniotic fluid appears possible after maternal infection. Diagnostic testing for Zika virus infection remains a shared decision between patients and clinicians, and more data are needed to define clinical predictors that will inform these decisions. SYSTEMATIC REVIEW REGISTRATION: PROSPERO, CRD42018080959.

10.
J Infect Public Health ; 13(5): 724-729, 2020 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32224108

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The co-circulation of Chikungunya (CHIKV), Dengue (DENV) and Zika (ZIKV) viruses increased the risk of outbreaks and coinfections among them. Here, we report cases of coinfection in clinical samples from state of Tocantins, Brazil. METHODS: In 2017, the Central Public Health Laboratory (LACEN) received samples of patients who consulted health units with symptoms compatible with arboviral infections. A total of 102 samples were sent to the Retrovirology Laboratory at the Federal University of São Paulo, where they were tested by RT-qPCR to confirm DENV, ZIKV and CHIKV infections and to detect coinfected patients. RESULTS: We identified with CHIKV monoinfection (52), DENV serotypes 1 (28) and serotypes 2 (22). We did not detect ZIKV. Five patients were characterized with coinfection involving CHIKV and DENV serotype 2. CONCLUSIONS: The presence of co-circulating arboviruses increases the chance of coinfection and demonstrates the importance of differential diagnosis and vector control.

11.
Rev Med Virol ; 30(3): e2105, 2020 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32232942

RESUMEN

Zika virus (ZIKV) is an enveloped, positive single-stranded sense RNA virus transmitted by Aedes species. Many efforts have been conducted to find a good, reliable and cost-effective test for ZIKV diagnosis. Diagnosis is still imprecise, expensive and there is not a standard model. We investigated the publications on ZIKV diagnostics and analyzed varieties of diagnostic methods, sensibility, specificity, and the evolution of new methodologies. Conducted in accordance with the PRISMA-P statement, three blocks of MeSH terms were assembled: group I: virus infection; group II: diagnostic methodologies; group III: characteristics and varieties on diagnostic methods. Search was performed on PubMed, Web of Science and SCOPUS databases. Eighteen articles were retrieved, reporting serological and molecular diagnostic techniques. Serum was used as the main biological material in the serological diagnosis, but urine and sperm were presented as an alternative. Molecular methods used structural and nonstructural regions of ZIKV genome. Experimental methodologies were more efficient, faster, and cheaper. Serological tests are faster and less expensive than molecular assays, but molecular assays are more specific. The use of both methodologies would be the most appropriate and reliable way to obtain correct diagnostic results.

12.
RNA ; 2020 Apr 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32238481

RESUMEN

RNAs that are 5'-truncated versions of a longer RNA, but share the same 3' terminus can be generated by alternative promoters in transcription of cellular mRNAs or by replicating RNA viruses. These truncated RNAs cannot be distinguished from the longer RNA by a simple two-primer RT-PCR because primers that anneal to the cDNA from the smaller RNA also anneal to - and amplify - the longer RNA-derived cDNA. Thus, laborious methods, such as northern blot hybridization, are used to distinguish shorter from longer RNAs. For rapid, low-cost and specific detection of these truncated RNAs, we report Detection of Smaller Co-terminal RNA by PCR (DeSCo-PCR). DeSCo-PCR employs a non-extendable blocking primer (BP), which outcompetes a forward primer (FP) for annealing to longer RNA-derived cDNA, while FP outcompetes BP for annealing to shorter RNA-derived cDNA. In the presence of BP, FP and the reverse primer, only cDNA from the shorter RNA is amplified in a single-tube reaction containing both RNAs. Many positive strand RNA viruses generate 5'-truncated forms of the genomic RNA (gRNA) called subgenomic RNAs (sgRNA), which play key roles in viral gene expression and pathogenicity. We demonstrate that DeSCo-PCR is easily optimized to selectively detect relative quantities of sgRNAs of red clover necrotic mosaic virus from plants and Zika virus from human cells, each infected with viral strains that generate different amounts of sgRNA. This technique should be readily adaptable to other sgRNA-producing viruses, and for quantitative detection of any truncated or alternatively spliced RNA.

13.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 10(3)2020 Mar 21.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32245185

RESUMEN

Dengue viral infection is one of the most common deadliest diseases and has become a recurrent issue for public health in tropical countries. Although the spectrum of clinical diagnosis and treatment have recently been established, the efficient and rapid detection of dengue virus (DENV) during viremia and the early febrile phase is still a great challenge. In this study, a dithiobis (succinimidyl undecanoate, DSU)/amine-functionalized reduced graphene oxide--polyamidoamine dendrimer (DSU/amine-functionalized rGO-PAMAM) thin film-based surface plasmon resonance (SPR) sensor was developed for the detection of DENV 2 E-proteins. Different concentrations of DENV 2 E-proteins were successfully tested by the developed SPR sensor-based system. The performance of the developed sensor showed increased shift in the SPR angle, narrow full-width-half-maximum of the SPR curve, high detection accuracy, excellent figure of merit and signal-to-noise ratio, good sensitivity values in the range of 0.08-0.5 pM (S = 0.2576°/pM, R2 = 0.92), and a high equilibrium association constant (KA) of 7.6452 TM-1. The developed sensor also showed a sensitive and selective response towards DENV 2 E-proteins compared to DENV 1 E-proteins and ZIKV (Zika virus) E-proteins. Overall, it was concluded that the Au/DSU/amine-functionalized rGO-PAMAM thin film-based SPR sensor has potential to serve as a rapid clinical diagnostic tool for DENV infection.

14.
Am J Trop Med Hyg ; 102(5): 985-987, 2020 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32228787

RESUMEN

We tested 700 serum samples collected throughout Panama from 2015 to 2016 for detecting antibodies and RNA of arboviruses. In convalescent specimens, microsphere immunoassay detected an antibody prevalence of 59.3% for dengue virus (DENV) and 30.3% for Zika virus (ZIKV), which included samples that were collected before the Panamanian surveillance system reported the first case of Zika in the country. For acute sera, the most common arbovirus was DENV with 18 positive samples (6%), followed by four (1.3%) of ZIKV and one (0.6%) of chikungunya virus (CHIKV). Our results indicate a change in the chronology of when ZIKV was first detected in Panama and stress the importance of integrating various approaches to enable improved surveillance of both endemic and emerging arboviruses.

15.
Am J Trop Med Hyg ; 2020 Mar 09.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32157991

RESUMEN

Recent expansions of vector-borne diseases highlight the need for improved surveillance, especially in resource-poor settings. Dengue virus (DENV), chikungunya virus (CHIKV), and Zika virus (ZIKV) share the same vectors as well as similar clinical presentations, suggesting that combined surveillance would be useful. We hypothesized that blood spotted on dengue rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs) could be harnessed for sample collection in remote areas for subsequent detection of DENV, CHIKV, and ZIKV by reverse transcription real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR). CHIKV and ZIKV dilutions were spotted on dengue RDTs (SD BIOLINE Dengue DUO), dried, and extracted. As reference, aliquots of each viral dilution were directly extracted. Using specific RT-qPCR tests, both viruses were successfully detected from RDT extracts. However, the limit of detection was slightly lower in comparison to direct extracts, two logfold for CHIKV and one logfold for ZIKV. For analysis of temperature stability, DENV dilutions were spotted on RDTs and stored for up to 2 months at -80°C, 4°C, or 35°C before testing. Storage of RDTs for 2 months at 35°C did not jeopardize detection of RNA by RT-qPCR; only minimal degradation was observed. This proof-of-principle study demonstrates the potential of using dengue RDTs for DENV/CHIKV/ZIKV combined surveillance in areas without access to laboratory facilities. Further investigations are needed for evaluation of tri-viral surveillance under field conditions using patient samples. Large-scale implementation of surveillance for these viruses is of crucial public health importance for the early detection of epidemics. This method also has important implications for improving understanding of the molecular epidemiology of the three viruses.

16.
Parasit Vectors ; 13(1): 128, 2020 Mar 14.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32171303

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Zika virus (ZIKV) is transmitted to humans during the bite of an infected mosquito. In a scenario of globalization and climate change, the frequency of outbreaks has and will increase in areas with competent vectors, revealing a need for continuous improvement of ZIKV detection tools in vector populations. A simple, rapid and sensitive assay for viral detection is quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR), yet oligos optimized for ZIKV detection in mammalian cells and samples have repeatedly shown high background when used on mosquito ribonucleic acid (RNA). In this paper, we present a one-step qRT-PCR protocol that allows for the detection of ZIKV in mosquitoes and for the evaluation of gene expression from the same mosquito sample and RNA. This assay is a less expensive qRT-PCR approach than that most frequently used in the literature and has a much lower background, allowing confident detection. METHODS: Our new oligo design to detect ZIKV RNA included in silico analysis of both viral and mosquito (Ae. aegypti and Ae. albopictus) genomes, targeting sequences conserved between Asian and African ZIKV lineages, but not matching Aedes genomes. This assay will allow researchers to avoid nonspecific amplification in insect samples due to viral integration into the mosquito genome, a phenomenon known to happen in wild and colonized populations of mosquitoes. Standard curves constructed with in vitro transcribed ZIKV RNA were used to optimize the sensitivity, efficiency and reproducibility of the assay. RESULTS: Finally, the assay was used with success to detect both ZIKV RNA in infected mosquitoes and to detect expression of the Defensin A gene, an antimicrobial peptide (AMP) involved in Aedes aegypti immune response to virus infection. CONCLUSIONS: The experimental approach to detect ZIKV RNA in Aedes aegypti presented here has demonstrated to be specific, sensitive and reliable, and additionally it allows for the analysis of mosquito gene expression during ZIKV infection.

17.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 25(2): 567-574, Feb. 2020. graf
Artículo en Portugués | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1055814

RESUMEN

Resumo O objetivo deste artigo é analisar o conceito de Síndrome Congênita pelo Zika Vírus. Trata-se de uma análise de conceito, baseado em Walker e Avant. Para operacionalização da busca foi realizada uma revisão sistemática. A essência do conceito Síndrome Congênita pelo Zika Vírus é determinada pelos atributos: calcificação intracraniana, ventriculomegalia e volume cerebral diminuído. Para que essa síndrome aconteça faz-se necessário que ocorram os antecedentes: transmissão via transplacentária de mãe infectada pela picada do mosquito Aedes SSP ou por via sexual. Com isso, resultam um conjunto de sinais e sintomas além da microcefalia fetal ou pós-natal, como por exemplo, atraso no desenvolvimento neuropsicomotor, anormalidades auditivas e visuais, desproporção craniofacial, suturas cranianas sobrepostas, osso occipital proeminente, excesso de pele nucal, epilepsia, irritabilidade, discinesia, hipertonia, hipotonia, hemiplegia, hemiparesia, espasticidade, hiperreflexia. O conceito de Síndrome Congênita pelo Zika Vírus é recém conhecido. O que determinará a presença do conjunto de sinais e sintomas pela infecção congênita do Zika vírus é a calcificação intracraniana e volume cerebral diminuído, podendo apresentar microcefalia já ao nascer ou apenas posteriormente.


Abstract The scope of this article is to analyze the concept of the Zika Virus Congenital Syndrome. It is a conceptual analysis, based on Walker and Avant. In order to operationalize the search, a systematic review was conducted. The essence of the concept of the Zika Virus Congenital Syndrome is determined by the following attributes: intracranial calcification, ventriculomegaly, and diminished brain volume. For this syndrome to occur, it is necessary to have the following antecedents: transplacental transmission of a mother infected by the bite of the Aedes SSP mosquito or by sexual contact. Accordingly, this entails a set of signs and symptoms that go beyond fetal or postnatal microcephaly, such as, for example, delayed neuropsychomotor development, auditory and visual abnormalities, craniofacial disproportion, overlapping cranial sutures, prominent occipital bone, excess nuchal skin, epilepsy, irritability, dyskinesia, hypertonia, hypotonia, hemiplegia, hemiparesis, spasticity and hyperreflexia. The concept of the Zika Virus Congenital Syndrome is newly acknowledged. The presence of the set of signs and symptoms by the Zika Virus Congenital Syndrome is determined by intracranial calcification and decreased brain volume, and the baby may present microcephaly at birth or subsequently.

18.
PLoS Negl Trop Dis ; 14(2): e0008082, 2020 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32069280

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Dengue virus (DENV) is the most important arbovirus worldwide, causing infections in endemic countries and returning travellers from these areas. Rapid diagnostic tests are needed to improve patient management and monitor local transmission. The detection of DENV non-structural protein 1 (NS1) is a useful tool for the diagnosis, but the currently available methods can be time consuming or lack sensitivity. The objective of our study was to evaluate a new rapid and semi-quantitative microfluidic DENV NS1 immuno-magnetic agglutination assay based on aggregation of magnetic nanoparticles detected by an electronic reader (Virotrack Dengue Acute and Blubox, Blusense diagnostics, Copenhagen, Denmark). METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: A panel of 135 serum samples from travelers returning from dengue endemic countries was analyzed (74 DENV positive samples including the four DENV serotypes, 26 Zika virus positive samples, 25 chikungunya virus positive samples, 5 malaria positive samples and 5 negative samples). Samples were tested by three different antigen detection methods: SD Dengue NS1 Ag ELISA, SD BIOLINE Dengue Duo and ViroTrack Dengue Acute. The sensitivity observed for SD Dengue NS1 Ag ELISA, ViroTrack Dengue Acute and SD BIOLINE Dengue Duo was 97.2%, 91.1% and 68.1%, respectively. All methods showed high specificity (98.4% for ViroTrack Dengue Acute and 100% for both SD Dengue NS1 Ag ELISA and SD BIOLINE Dengue Duo). SD Dengue NS1 Ag ELISA and ViroTrack Dengue Acute only failed to detect samples positive for DENV-2. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: ViroTrack Dengue Acute is a sensitive and specific assay for DENV NS1 detection. It provides faster results than the ELISA method and a better performance than the rapid immunochromatographic tests. ViroTrack Dengue Acute could represent a valuable tool for rapid diagnosis of DENV infections in returning travellers from endemic countries.


Asunto(s)
Antígenos Virales/aislamiento & purificación , Virus del Dengue/metabolismo , Separación Inmunomagnética/métodos , Técnicas Analíticas Microfluídicas/métodos , Proteínas no Estructurales Virales/química , Virus del Dengue/clasificación , Proteínas no Estructurales Virales/metabolismo
19.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32011597

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: In 2016, Puerto Rico became the focal point of the Zika epidemic, with more than 36 000 laboratory-confirmed cases before August. The Puerto Rico Department of Health (PRDH) responded by providing tests to symptomatic and asymptomatic pregnant women. The increased demand for Zika testing placed unprecedented strain on the laboratory capacity and information management processes used within the PRDH. The PRDH recognized the need to have an updated informatics system that securely manages, stores, and transmits digital data. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention funded the Public Health Informatics Institute to collaborate with the PRDH to assess and improve the informatics capability to respond to the ongoing Zika virus transmission in Puerto Rico. APPROACH: The team employed a 4-component approach to assess the informatics system and improve the information management processes for laboratory testing and reporting of arboviral diseases (Zika, chikungunya, and dengue). The method consisted of a (1) needs assessment, (2) business process analysis and requirements definition, (3) vendor analysis, and (4) solution implementation. RESULTS: The needs assessment determined that the PRDH's procedures for arbovirus testing and reporting were highly complex and paper-based and thus did not maximize the use of existing technology. The solution was to build a Web portal. The business process analysis yielded information to create a map of the flow of specimens, an arbovirus context diagram, and more than 200 requirements. The requirements identified in this process guided the design and creation of the Web portal. DISCUSSION: This report describes the process to build a Web portal to enhance laboratory testing and electronic reporting of Zika cases during the 2016 epidemic in Puerto Rico. We demonstrate the utility of applying the Collaborative Requirements Development Methodology, a proven informatics method, to the development of a Web portal for managing arboviruses in a health department.

20.
Cien Saude Colet ; 25(2): 567-574, 2020 Feb.
Artículo en Portugués | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32022196

RESUMEN

The scope of this article is to analyze the concept of the Zika Virus Congenital Syndrome. It is a conceptual analysis, based on Walker and Avant. In order to operationalize the search, a systematic review was conducted. The essence of the concept of the Zika Virus Congenital Syndrome is determined by the following attributes: intracranial calcification, ventriculomegaly, and diminished brain volume. For this syndrome to occur, it is necessary to have the following antecedents: transplacental transmission of a mother infected by the bite of the Aedes SSP mosquito or by sexual contact. Accordingly, this entails a set of signs and symptoms that go beyond fetal or postnatal microcephaly, such as, for example, delayed neuropsychomotor development, auditory and visual abnormalities, craniofacial disproportion, overlapping cranial sutures, prominent occipital bone, excess nuchal skin, epilepsy, irritability, dyskinesia, hypertonia, hypotonia, hemiplegia, hemiparesis, spasticity and hyperreflexia. The concept of the Zika Virus Congenital Syndrome is newly acknowledged. The presence of the set of signs and symptoms by the Zika Virus Congenital Syndrome is determined by intracranial calcification and decreased brain volume, and the baby may present microcephaly at birth or subsequently.

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