Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 375.679
Filtrar
1.
Artículo en Inglés | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1535335

RESUMEN

Introduction: The conditions of teachers' work during the COVID-19 pandemic affected teachers' lives regarding voice disorder and stress, even in emergency remote classroom situation. Objective: To analyze the relationship between the presence of voice disorder, job stress, and COVID-19 in teachers when in emergency remote classroom teaching situation at the time of the pandemic. Method: This is a primary, exploratory, observational cross-sectional study with the use of survey forwarded online during the period of emergency classes after the arrival of COVID-19 pandemic in Brazil. The teachers answered the sociodemographic questions about the presence of COVID-19 and the following instruments: Condition of Vocal Production-Teacher [Condição de Produção Vocal - Professor (CPV-P)], Screening Index for Voice Disorder (SIVD), and Job Stress Scale (JSS). Results: Of the 118 teachers analyzed, 94.1% were female; the average age was 44 years. The SIVD recorded the presence of voice disorder in 66.9% of the participants. Regarding the JSS, which are the findings related to stress at work in the demand domain, the teachers showed high levels, a fact which presupposes the existence of pressure of psychological nature to perform their work. Conclusion: The teachers self-reported the presence of voice disorder even in remote class situation, on the occasion of COVID-19, which were more common in older teachers. When comparing the presence of voice disorders, coronavirus symptoms, and stress domains in relation to demand, control, and social support, there was no significance. It is hoped that this study will help to reflect on the need to improve teachers' working conditions, strengthening work-related voice disorder actions and guiding actions for vocal care and well-being.


Introducción: Las condiciones de trabajo de los profesores durante la pandemia de COVID-19 afectaron sus vidas en lo que respecta al trastorno de la voz y el estrés, incluso en situaciones de emergencia en aulas remotas. Objetivo: Analizar la relación entre la presencia de trastorno de la voz, estrés laboral y COVID-19 en profesores cuando se encontraban en situación de emergencia de enseñanza en aulas remotas en la época de la pandemia. Método: Se trata de un estudio primario, exploratorio, observacional de tipo transversal, con el uso de encuesta remitida online durante el periodo de clases de emergencia tras la llegada de la pandemia de COVID-19 en Brasil. Los profesores respondieron a las preguntas sociodemográficas sobre la presencia de COVID-19 y a los siguientes instrumentos: Condición de Producción Vocal-Profesor (CPV-P), Índice de Detección de los Trastornos de la Voz (SIVD) y Escala de Estrés Laboral (JSS). Resultados: De los 118 profesores analizados, el 94,1% eran mujeres; la mediana de edad era de 44 años. El (SIVD) registró la presencia de trastorno de la voz en el 66,9% de los participantes. En cuanto a la JSS, que son los hallazgos relacionados con el estrés laboral en el dominio de la demanda, los profesores mostraron niveles elevados, hecho que presupone la existencia de presiones de naturaleza psicológica para realizar su trabajo. Conclusión: Los profesores autoinformaron de la presencia de trastornos de la voz incluso en situación de clase a distancia, con ocasión del COVID-19, que fueron más frecuentes en los profesores de más edad. Al comparar la presencia de trastornos de la voz, los síntomas del coronavirus y los dominios de estrés en relación con la demanda, el control y el apoyo social, no hubo resultados significativos. Se espera que este estudio ayude a reflexionar sobre la necesidad de mejorar las condiciones de trabajo de los docentes, fortaleciendo las acciones de Trastorno de la voz relacionado con el trabajo (WRVD) y orientando acciones para el cuidado y bienestar vocal.

2.
J. bras. nefrol ; 46(2): e20230056, Apr.-June 2024. tab
Artículo en Inglés | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1550498

RESUMEN

Abstract Introduction: Acute kidney injury (AKI) occurs frequently in COVID-19 patients and is associated with greater morbidity and mortality. Knowing the risks of AKI allows for identification, prevention, and timely treatment. This study aimed to identify the risk factors associated with AKI in hospitalized patients. Methods: A descriptive, retrospective, cross-sectional, and analytical component study of adult patients hospitalized with COVID-19 from March 1 to December 31, 2020 was carried out. AKI was defined by the creatinine criteria of the KDIGO-AKI guidelines. Information, regarding risk factors, was obtained from electronic medical records. Results: Out of the 934 patients, 42.93% developed AKI, 60.59% KDIGO-1, and 9.9% required renal replacement therapy. Patients with AKI had longer hospital stay, higher mortality, and required more intensive care unit (ICU) admission, mechanical ventilation, and vasopressor support. Multivariate analysis showed that age (OR 1.03; 95% CI 1.02-1.04), male sex (OR 2.13; 95% CI 1.49-3.04), diabetes mellitus (DM) (OR 1.55; 95% CI 1.04-2.32), chronic kidney disease (CKD) (OR 2.07; 95% CI 1.06-4.04), C-reactive protein (CRP) (OR 1.02; 95% CI 1.00-1.03), ICU admission (OR 1.81; 95% CI 1.04-3.16), and vasopressor support (OR 7.46; 95% CI 3.34-16.64) were risk factors for AKI, and that bicarbonate (OR 0.89; 95% CI 0.84-0.94) and partial pressure arterial oxygen/inspired oxygen fraction index (OR 0.99; 95% CI 0.98-0.99) could be protective factors. Conclusions: A high frequency of AKI was documented in COVID-19 patients, with several predictors: age, male sex, DM, CKD, CRP, ICU admission, and vasopressor support. AKI occurred more frequently in patients with higher disease severity and was associated with higher mortality and worse outcomes.


RESUMO Introdução: Lesão renal aguda (LRA) ocorre frequentemente em pacientes com COVID-19 e associa-se a maior morbidade e mortalidade. Conhecer riscos da LRA permite a identificação, prevenção e tratamento oportuno. Este estudo teve como objetivo identificar fatores de risco associados à LRA em pacientes hospitalizados. Métodos: Realizou-se estudo descritivo, retrospectivo, transversal e de componente analítico de pacientes adultos hospitalizados com COVID-19 de 1º de março a 31 de dezembro, 2020. Definiu-se a LRA pelos critérios de creatinina das diretrizes KDIGO-LRA. Informações sobre fatores de risco foram obtidas de prontuários eletrônicos. Resultados: Dos 934 pacientes, 42,93% desenvolveram LRA, 60,59% KDIGO-1 e 9,9% necessitaram de terapia renal substitutiva. Pacientes com LRA apresentaram maior tempo de internação, maior mortalidade e necessitaram de mais internações em UTIs, ventilação mecânica e suporte vasopressor. A análise multivariada mostrou que idade (OR 1,03; IC 95% 1,02-1,04), sexo masculino (OR 2,13; IC 95% 1,49-3,04), diabetes mellitus (DM) (OR 1,55; IC 95% 1,04-2,32), doença renal crônica (DRC) (OR 2,07; IC 95% 1,06-4,04), proteína C reativa (PCR) (OR 1,02; IC 95% 1,00-1,03), admissão em UTI (OR 1,81; IC 95% 1,04-3,16) e suporte vasopressor (OR 7,46; IC 95% 3,34-16,64) foram fatores de risco para LRA, e que bicarbonato (OR 0,89; IC 95% 0,84-0,94) e índice de pressão parcial de oxigênio arterial/fração inspirada de oxigênio (OR 0,99; IC 95% 0,98-0,99) poderiam ser fatores de proteção. Conclusões: Documentou-se alta frequência de LRA em pacientes com COVID-19, com diversos preditores: idade, sexo masculino, DM, DRC, PCR, admissão em UTI e suporte vasopressor. LRA ocorreu mais frequentemente em pacientes com maior gravidade da doença e associou-se a maior mortalidade e piores desfechos.

3.
Multimedia | Recursos Multimedia, MULTIMEDIA-SMS-SP | ID: multimedia-13014

RESUMEN

Orientações da COREMU SMS SP como estratégia de comunicação efetiva nos programas de Residência em Saúde. 2º Congresso Mineiro de Enfermagem ( 2ª CMENF).


Asunto(s)
Internado y Residencia/legislación & jurisprudencia , COVID-19
4.
J Clin Anesth ; 95: 111467, 2024 Apr 08.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38593491

RESUMEN

STUDY OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of preoperative infection with the contemporary strain of severe acute respiratory coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) on postoperative mortality, respiratory morbidity and extrapulmonary complications after elective, noncardiac surgery. DESIGN: An ambidirectional observational cohort study. SETTING: A tertiary and teaching hospital in Shanghai, China. PATIENTS: All adult patients (≥ 18 years of age) who underwent elective, noncardiac surgery under general anesthesia at Huashan Hospital of Fudan University from January until March 2023 were screened for eligibility. A total of 2907 patients were included. EXPOSURE: Preoperative coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) positivity. MEASUREMENTS: The primary outcome was 30-day postoperative mortality. The secondary outcomes included postoperative pulmonary complications (PPCs), myocardial injury after noncardiac surgery (MINS), acute kidney injury (AKI), postoperative delirium (POD) and postoperative sleep quality. Multivariable logistic regression was used to assess the risk of postoperative mortality and morbidity imposed by preoperative COVID-19. MAIN RESULTS: The risk of 30-day postoperative mortality was not associated with preoperative COVID-19 [adjusted odds ratio (aOR), 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.40, 0.13-1.28, P = 0.123] or operation timing relative to diagnosis. Preoperative COVID-19 did not increase the risk of PPCs (aOR, 95% CI: 0.99, 0.71-1.38, P = 0.944), MINS (aOR, 95% CI: 0.54, 0.22-1.30; P = 0.168), or AKI (aOR, 95% CI: 0.34, 0.10-1.09; P = 0.070) or affect postoperative sleep quality. Patients who underwent surgery within 7 weeks after COVID-19 had increased odds of developing delirium (aOR, 95% CI: 2.26, 1.05-4.86, P = 0.036). CONCLUSIONS: Preoperative COVID-19 or timing of surgery relative to diagnosis did not confer any added risk of 30-day postoperative mortality, PPCs, MINS or AKI. However, recent COVID-19 increased the risk of POD. Perioperative brain health should be considered during preoperative risk assessment for COVID-19 survivors.

5.
Virology ; 595: 110068, 2024 Apr 08.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38593595

RESUMEN

Coronavirus disease 19 is caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) enveloped virus with a single-stranded positive-sense ribonucleic acid (RNA) genome. The CoV non-structural protein (nsp) 1 is a multifunctional protein that undergoes translation shutoff, messenger RNA (mRNA) cleavage, and RNA binding. The C-terminal region is involved in translational shutoff and RNA cleavage. The N-terminal region of SARS-CoV-2 nsp1 is highly conserved among isolated SARS-CoV-2 variants. However, the I-004 variant, isolated during the early SARS-CoV-2 pandemic, lost eight amino acids in the nsp1 region. In this study, we showed that the eight amino acids are important for viral replication in infected interferon-incompetent cells and that the recombinant virus that lost these amino acids had low pathogenicity in the lungs of hamster models. The loss of eight amino acids-induced mutations occurred in the 5' untranslated region (UTR), suggesting that nsp1 contributes to the stability of the viral genome during replication.

6.
Epidemics ; 47: 100745, 2024 Feb 20.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38593727

RESUMEN

We analyse infectious disease case surveillance data to estimate COVID-19 spread and gain an understanding of the impact of introducing vaccines to counter the disease in Switzerland. The data used in this work is extensive and detailed and includes information on weekly number of cases and vaccination rates by age and region. Our approach takes into account waning immunity. The statistical analysis allows us to determine the effects of choosing alternative vaccination strategies. Our results indicate greater uptake of vaccine would have led to fewer cases with a particularly large effect on undervaccinated regions. An alternative distribution scheme not targeting specific age groups also leads to fewer cases overall but could lead to more cases among the elderly (a potentially vulnerable population) during the early stage of prophylaxis rollout.

7.
Respir Care ; 2024 Apr 09.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38594036

RESUMEN

Background: The use of the prone position (PP) has been widespread during the COVID-19 pandemic. While it has demonstrated benefits, including improved oxygenation and lung aeration, the factors influencing the response in terms of gas exchange to PP remain unclear. In particular, the association between baseline quantitative Computed Tomography (qCT) scan results and gas exchange response to PP in intubated, mechanically ventilated subjects with COVID-19 ARDS is unknown. The present study aimed to compare baseline qCT results between subjects responding to PP in terms of oxygenation or carbon dioxide (CO2) clearance and those who did not.Methods: This was a single-center, retrospective observational study, including critically ill, intubated, mechanically ventilated subjects with COVID-19 related acute respiratory distress syndrome admitted to the ICUs of Niguarda Hospital between March 2020 and November 2021. Blood-gas samples were collected before and after PP. Subjects in whom the PaO2/FiO2 increase was ≥ 20 mmHg after PP were defined as Oxygen responders (Oxy-R). CO2-responders (CO2R) were defined when the ventilatory ratio (VR) decreased during PP. Automated qCT analyses were performed to obtain tissue mass and density of the lungs.Results: One hundred twenty-five subjects were enrolled, of which 116 (93%) were Oxy-R and 51 (41%) CO2R. No difference in qCT characteristics and oxygen were observed between Oxy-R and Oxygen Non Responders (Tissue mass 1532 ±396 vs. 1654 ±304 g, p= .28; density -544±109 vs. -562±58 HU, p= .42). Similar findings were observed when dividing the population according to CO2 response (Tissue mass 1551±412 vs. 1534±377 g, p= .89; density -545±123 vs. -546±94 HU, p= .99).Conclusions: Most COVID-19 related ARDS subjects improve their oxygenation at the first pronation cycle. The study suggests that baseline qCT scan data are not associated with the response to PP in oxygenation or CO2 in mechanically ventilated COVID-19 related ARDS subjects.

8.
Commun Med (Lond) ; 4(1): 70, 2024 Apr 09.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38594350

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Despite wide scale assessments, it remains unclear how large-scale severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) vaccination affected the wastewater concentration of the virus or the overall disease burden as measured by hospitalization rates. METHODS: We used weekly SARS-CoV-2 wastewater concentration with a stratified random sampling of seroprevalence, and linked vaccination and hospitalization data, from April 2021-August 2021 in Jefferson County, Kentucky (USA). Our susceptible ( S ), vaccinated ( V ), variant-specific infected ( I 1 and I 2 ), recovered ( R ), and seropositive ( T ) model ( S V I 2 R T ) tracked prevalence longitudinally. This was related to wastewater concentration. RESULTS: Here we show the 64% county vaccination rate translate into about a 61% decrease in SARS-CoV-2 incidence. The estimated effect of SARS-CoV-2 Delta variant emergence is a 24-fold increase of infection counts, which correspond to an over 9-fold increase in wastewater concentration. Hospitalization burden and wastewater concentration have the strongest correlation (r = 0.95) at 1 week lag. CONCLUSIONS: Our study underscores the importance of continuing environmental surveillance post-vaccine and provides a proof-of-concept for environmental epidemiology monitoring of infectious disease for future pandemic preparedness.


It is unclear how large-scale COVID-19 vaccination impacts wastewater concentration or overall disease burden. Here, we developed a mathematical surveillance model that allows estimation of overall vaccine impact based on the amount of SARS-CoV-2 in wastewater, seroprevalence and the number of cases admitted to hospitals between April 2021­August 2021 in Jefferson County, Kentucky USA. We found that a 64% vaccination coverage correlated to a 61% decrease in COVID-19 cases. The emergence of the SARS-CoV-2 Delta variant during the time of the surveillance directly correlated with a sharp increase in infection incidence as well as viral counts in wastewater. The hospitalization burden was closely reflected by the viral count found in the wastewater, indicating that post-vaccine environmental surveillance can be an effective method of estimating changing disease prevalence in future pandemics.

9.
BMC Public Health ; 24(1): 989, 2024 Apr 09.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38594741

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has had a significant impact on the neurodevelopment of children. However, the precise effects of the virus and the social consequences of the pandemic on pediatric neurodevelopment are not yet fully understood. We aimed to compare the neurodevelopment of children between before and during the COVID-19 pandemic, as well as examine the impact of socioeconomic status (SES) and regional differences on the development. METHODS: The study used the Korean Developmental Screening Test to compare the difference in the risk of neurodevelopmental delay between before and during the COVID-19 pandemic. Multivariable logistic regression analysis was conducted to identify the relationship between experiencing the COVID-19 pandemic and the risk of neurodevelopmental delay. Stratified analyses were performed to determine whether the developmental delays caused by the pandemic's impact varied depending on SES or regional inequality. RESULTS: This study found an association between the experience of COVID-19 and a higher risk of neurodevelopmental delay in communication (adjusted OR [aOR]: 1.21, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.19, 1.22; P-value: < 0.0001) and social interaction (aOR: 1.15, 95% CI: 1.13, 1.17; P-value: < 0.0001) domains among children of 30-36 months' ages. Notably, the observed association in the Medicaid group of children indicates a higher risk of neurodevelopmental delay compared to those in the non-Medicaid group. CONCLUSIONS: These findings highlight the need to be concerned about the neurodevelopment of children who experienced the COVID-19 pandemic. The study also calls for increased training and support for Medicaid children, parents, teachers, and healthcare practitioners. Additionally, policy programs focused on groups vulnerable to developmental delays are required.

10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38594794

RESUMEN

Abstract: Dengue virus (DENV) infection causes 390 million infections per year and 40,000 deaths globally. It is endemic in many countries in Asia, Africa, the Americas, the Caribbean, and Oceania. Dengue is endemic in Timor-Leste year-round, but peak transmission occurs during the rainy season. We briefly describe the epidemiology of DENV in the Municipality of Dili between 2018 and 2022. There were 6,234 cases notified, with a mean annual incidence rate of 330 cases per 100,000 population. There were 55 deaths (case fatality rate 0.9%). The peak annual incidence (3,904 cases) occurred in 2022 after an outbreak was declared in January of that year; this outbreak included 760 cases of dengue haemorrhagic fever and 35 deaths. The number of outbreak cases requiring hospital treatment exceeded the usual capacity, but facilities established for coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) isolation and treatment were repurposed to meet this demand. Existing strategies of vector control, minimising breeding sites and promoting early presentation for treatment should continue, as should the utilisation of surveillance systems and treatment facilities established during the COVID-19 pandemic. However, dengue incidence remains high, and other dengue control strategies-including the deployment of Wolbachia-infected mosquitoes-should be considered in Timor-Leste.

11.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38594797

RESUMEN

Abstract: This is the eighty-first epidemiological report for coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), reported in Australia as at 23:59 Australian Eastern Daylight Time [AEST] 19 November 2023. It includes data on COVID-19 cases diagnosed in Australia.

12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38594792

RESUMEN

Abstract: This is the eighty-third epidemiological report for coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), reported in Australia as at 23:59 Australian Eastern Daylight Time [AEST] 14 January 2024. It includes data on COVID-19 cases diagnosed in Australia.

13.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38594798

RESUMEN

Abstract: This is the eighty-second epidemiological report for coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), reported in Australia as at 23:59 Australian Eastern Daylight Time [AEST] 17 December 2023. It includes data on COVID-19 cases diagnosed in Australia.

14.
Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 56(2): 362-365, 2024 Apr 18.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38595259

RESUMEN

Ischemic colitis is a disease in which local tissue in the intestinal wall dies to varying degrees due to insufficient blood supply to the colon. Risk factors include cardiovascular disease, diabetes, chronic kidney disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, etc. Typical clinical manifestations of the disease are abdominal pain and hematochezia. The most common locations are the watershed areas of splenic flexure and rectosigmoid junction. The lesions are segmental and clearly demarcated from normal mucosa under endoscopy. The digestive tract is a common extra-pulmonary organ affected by the novel coronavirus, which can be directly damaged by the virus or indirectly caused by virus-mediated inflammation and hypercoagulability. The corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19) associated intestinal injury can be characterized by malabsorption, malnutrition, intestinal flora shift, etc. CT can show intestinal ischemia, intestinal wall thickening, intestinal wall cystoid gas, intestinal obstruction, ascites, intussusception and other signs. In this study, we reported a case of ischemic colitis in a moderate COVID-19 patient. The affected area was atypical and the endoscope showed diffuse lesions from the cecum to the rectosigmoid junction. No signs of intestinal ischemia were found on imaging and clear thrombosis in small interstitial vessels was found in pathological tissue. Combined with the fact that the patient had no special risk factors in his past history, the laboratory tests indicated elevated ferritin and D-dimer, while the autoantibodies and fecal etiology results were negative, we speculated that the hypercoagulability caused by novel coronavirus infection was involved in the occurrence and development of the disease in this patient. After prolonged infusion support and prophylactic anti-infection therapy, the patient slowly resumed diet and eventually went into remission. Finally, we hoped to attract clinical attention with the help of this case of moderate COVID-19 complicated with ischemic colitis which had a wide range of lesions and a slow reco-very. For patients with abdominal pain and blood in the stool after being diagnosed as COVID-19, even if they are not severe COVID-19, they should be alert to the possibility of ischemic colitis, so as not to be mistaken for gastrointestinal reactions related to COVID-19.

15.
Biomed Res Int ; 2024: 9975781, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38595329

RESUMEN

Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is shed in the stool of infected individuals and can be detected in sewage and wastewater contaminated with infected stool. This study is aimed at detecting the virus and its potential survival in sewage and wastewater in Ghana. The cross-sectional study included samples from 16 validated environmental surveillance sites in 7 regions of Ghana. A total of 354 samples composed of wastewater (280) and sewage (74) were collected from November 2020 to November 2022. Overall, 17% of the samples were positive for SARS-CoV-2 by real-time PCR, with 6% in sewage and 11% in wastewater. The highest number of positive samples was collected from the Greater Accra Region (7.3%) with the least recorded in the Bono East Region (0.6%). Further characterization of the positive samples using the next-generation sequencing (NGS) approach yielded two variants: Alpha (B.1.1.7) and Delta (AY.36). Attempts to isolate SARS-CoV-2 in the Vero cell line were not successful probably due to the low viral load concentrations (Ct values > 35) or prolonged exposure to high temperatures rendering the virus noninfectious. Our findings suggest that SARS-CoV-2 RNA in sewage and wastewater may not be infectious, but the prevalence shows that the virus persists in the communities within Ghana.

16.
J Pharm Bioallied Sci ; 16(Suppl 1): S372-S375, 2024 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38595378

RESUMEN

COVID-19, the Ecumenical Pandemic that hit Wuhan, Hubei Province, China, in 2019 has instigated an emergency situation all over the globe. Current scientific corroborations highlighted the role of zoonotic cross-over species transmission for the spread of the deadly virus SARSCoV2. The proposition of ABO blood grouping to susceptibility for various infectious diseases has been documented in the past since blood group antigens constitute polymorphic traits that are inherited among humans, therefore are frequent targets in epidemiological studies. Aim: To correlate the ABO blood group susceptibility to disease severity in COVID-19-positive cases among Indian populations. Objectives: Association of ABO blood group patterns to disease severity in COVID-19-positive cases. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional, observational study design was conducted among 700 confirmed COVID-19-positive cases admitted to the tertiary health care center in Maharashtra, India. The data collected were subjected to statistical analysis. Results: Blood group 'A' positive was frequent (40%) in severe COVID-19 (E group) disease, and 'O' positive blood group was frequent in moderate COVID-19 disease (34.62%). Conclusion: ABO Blood grouping can be used as one of the efficient biomarker for COVID-19, thereby providing a new platform for therapeutic applications in the field of research.

17.
J Pharm Bioallied Sci ; 16(Suppl 1): S376-S379, 2024 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38595472

RESUMEN

Background: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a contagious infection characterized by severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS-CoV-2). Safe and effective vaccines are game-changers in the global vision of marking an end to the challenges posed by the COVID-19 pandemic. However, vaccine hesitancy due to perceived stigma and misinformation is a grave cause of concern. Objectives: To assess pre-university students' self-expressed stigma regarding COVID-19 vaccination and its association with their knowledge. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was adopted for this research. A structured questionnaire approach was used to gather data from 384 students purposively at the selected pre-university college. The structured questionnaire consisted of three sections that explored the socio-demographic characteristics of the study participants, knowledge of vaccination, and self-expressed stigma, respectively. A total of 384 respondents took part in the study. Results: The study observes a low positive relationship (r = 0.25, P < 0.01) between knowledge and self-expressed stigma toward vaccination. Further, it was observed that participants from rural backgrounds had lower knowledge and self-expressed stigma scores than participants from urban settings. It is pertinent to note that participants with other sources of information had higher knowledge than those who used the internet, friends/peers, or newspapers. Both of the aforementioned findings are statistically significant. Conclusion: The interventions should revive trust in national health authorities, structured awareness campaigns by government agencies, and media coverage about the safety and efficacy of vaccines. In addition, it is also important to support citizens in ensuring that they have access to the right information from authentic sources in times of crisis.

18.
J Pharm Bioallied Sci ; 16(Suppl 1): S63-S66, 2024 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38595536

RESUMEN

The novel coronavirus (COVID-19) has inundated the whole world by causing severe acute respiratory syndrome in humans, thus posing serious public health concerns. The oral and olfactory systems are significantly impacted by the COVID-19 condition, in addition to the respiratory and digestive systems. Oral symptoms of COVID-19 can be caused by a loss in oral hygiene, immune system suppression, a decline in general health, and candidiasis due to prolonged antibiotic use. Because many aerosols and droplets are produced during various dental operations, dental professionals and dentists are at a significant risk of contracting the COVID-19 infection. Few precautionary measures include performing a pre-appointment health screening for all patients, performing aerosol-producing procedures in a designated space or operatory, using proper personal protective equipment and disinfecting the operatory between patients, and limiting the number of dental procedures at one time. Against this background, the purposes of this article are to explore the oral presentations of COVID-19 infection and to emphasize the hazards to dental professionals during COVID-19 pandemic. Additionally, few preventive measures are also highlighted.

19.
J Pharm Bioallied Sci ; 16(Suppl 1): S1002-S1006, 2024 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38595635

RESUMEN

Background and Objectives: Although immunization against coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is ongoing, adverse reactions to these vaccinations have been observed in isolated cases. We aimed to report different neurological complications developed after COVID-19 vaccination. Materials and Methods: In our case series study, we report all cases of CNS demyelination following COVID-19 immunization. Clinical evaluation, brain MRI, and CSF analysis for oligoclonal bands and IgG index were performed for all patients. Other investigations were performed for selected patients, including spine MRI, EEG, VEP, and aquaporin-4. Results: Eighteen patients (eight males and ten females) with no history of COVID-19 infection had neurological manifestations (vertigo, ataxia, recurrent attacks of loss of consciousness, optic neuritis, and myelitis) starting within 14 days after Pfizer (n = 12) and AstraZeneca (n = 6) vaccination. MRI was obtained during the acute stage of the disease. The most common presenting symptoms were optic neuritis and hemiparesis. Sixteen patients had altered signal intensity and multiple variable-sized, round to ill-defined oval lesions suggestive of MS. Two showed findings compatible with transverse myelitis. Conclusion: This study identified CNS demyelination complications after COVID-19 vaccination. The COVID-19 vaccination could result in CNS complications, possibly connected to a post-vaccination inflammatory process. We recommend continuous post-marketing monitoring for adverse reactions in individuals who received the vaccines to establish a connection and guarantee the long-term safety of COVID-19 vaccines.

20.
Cureus ; 16(3): e55861, 2024 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38595872

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: Coronavirus infectious disease, that emerged in 2019 (COVID-19) has been a major public health issue not only in Japan, but also worldwide, and the implementation of a proper vaccination strategy has been important. To promote vaccination, the present study compared impressions of COVID-19 vaccinations stratified by the number of vaccinations among healthcare professional university students in Okayama, Japan, and suggests better vaccination strategies. METHOD: A total of 212 Japanese healthcare professional university students were enrolled in this clinical qualitative study using the text mining method. A self-reported questionnaire, including questions such as "What do you think about COVID-19 vaccinations?" was performed. We also examined the number of vaccinations, sex, history of COVID-19 infection, and daily mask use. RESULTS: A total of 5,935 words were obtained and "Think" (169 times) was the most frequently used followed by "Inject" (108 times), "Inoculation" (97 times), "Vaccine" (83 times), "Corona" (66 times) and "Side effects" (49 times). Characteristic words were "Safety" in non-vaccinated subjects and "Side effects" and "Necessary" in vaccinated subjects. In addition, "Safety" in non-vaccinated men and "Frightening" in non-vaccinated women were characteristic and fundamental features. CONCLUSION: Impressions of COVID-19 vaccinations stratified by the number of vaccinations differed among healthcare professional university students. The provision of appropriate information on safety to non-vaccinated subjects and side effects to vaccinated subjects appears to be necessary. In addition, sex-specific information may be required for non-vaccinated subjects.

SELECCIÓN DE REFERENCIAS
DETALLE DE LA BÚSQUEDA
...