Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 3.373
Filtrar
1.
Revista Digital de Postgrado ; 9(2): 211, ago. 2020.
Artículo en Español | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1103439

RESUMEN

En años recientes los venezolanos hemos enfrentado problemas de diversa índole con relación a la situación de salud. Entre ellos, problemas en la prescripción y la obtención de medicamentos. En esta publicación se tratarán aspectos importantes para la correcta prescripción y obtención de medicamentos, lo cual, a su vez, debería ser el colofón de la atención médica de primera que siempre ha caracterizado a nuestro país y que hoy, lamentablemente, ha devenido en una situación muy dolorosa. La prescripción y obtención de medicamentos puede verse dificultada por diversos inconvenientes, entre los cuales podemos considerar aquellos que tienen relación con el medicamento propiamente dicho, con el prescriptor y el cliente, con las regulaciones vigentes en nuestro país y con la disponibilidad en los centros autorizados para su venta. Como consecuencia de una prescripción inadecuada y un consumo inapropiado de medicamentos pueden surgir problemas muy serios, entre los cuales habría que destacar, en el campo de los antiinfecciosos, la resistencia bacteriana. Y en el campo de fármacos destinados al tratamiento del dolor, la ansiedad y el insomnio, la posibilidad de adicciones diversas. La prescripción adecuada de medicamentos conlleva la necesidad de conocer, a la par de los efectos beneficiosos y terapéuticos de los mismos, la posibilidad de efectos adversos e interacciones. Todos los prescriptores sanitarios deben conocer los fundamentos de la Farmacovigilancia, la cual permitirá conocer el verdadero balance riesgo-beneficio de los fármacos, por lo cual hacemos una breve mención de la misma al final de esta presentación(AU)


In recent years, Venezuelans have faced various kinds of problems related to the health situation. Among them, problems in prescription and acquisition of medicines. This publication will discuss important aspects for the correct prescription and obtention of medicines, which, in turn, should be the culmination of the excellent medical care that has always characterized our country but that today, unfortunately, has become a very disgraced and sad situation. Prescription and acquisition of medicines can be hindered by various inconveniences, among which we can consider those that are related to the product itself, to the prescriber and the client, to the regulations in force in our country and to the availability in authorized centers for sale. As a result of an inadequate prescription and consumption of medications, very serious problems can arise, among which, in the field of anti-infectives, bacterial resistance should be highlighted. In the field of drugs for the treatment of pain, anxiety and insomnia, the possibility of diverse addictions. Proper prescription of medicaments entails the need to know, along with their beneficial and therapeutic effects, the possibility of adverse effects and interactions. All health prescribers must know the basics of Pharmacovigilance, which allow to know the true risk-benefit balance of drugs, so we make a brief mention of it at the end of this presentation.(AU)


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Prescripciones de Medicamentos/normas , Farmacorresistencia Microbiana , Derecho a la Salud , Farmacología Clínica , Especificaciones Sanitarias , Farmacovigilancia
2.
J Community Psychol ; 2020 Jul 06.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32627203

RESUMEN

Despite growing interest in the relation between social justice and life satisfaction, there is a paucity of quantitative investigations linking these two constructs, even in the field of Community Psychology. To bridge this gap, we tested the relationship between the EU Social Justice Index (SJI; 2008-2017) and life satisfaction across 28 European Union (EU) countries, in a series of multilevel multinomial logistic regression models with cumulative logit link function. The SJI proved one of the strongest predictors of national life satisfaction, after controlling for time variation and other well-established country-level determinants. Our findings lend support to the hypothesis that social justice is highly related to life satisfaction. We invite scholars to explore this relationship further. We also recommend that EU governments strive to promote fairer social conditions to increase national happiness.

4.
Rev Saude Publica ; 54: 51, 2020.
Artículo en Portugués, Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32491111

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE To discuss the negative and positive concepts of liberty and postulate its interdependent and complementary relationship in the evaluation of public policy intersectoral actions, taking water fluoridation as a case. METHOD To describe scopes and limits regarding 1950s Isaiah Berlin's distinction, showing its validity in facing the harmful effects of an uncontrolled market economy and an autocratic political regime. RESULTS Both the rights that protect citizens against a powerful state and the rights that protect the state against powerful citizens were equally acknowledged as crucial. CONCLUSION We argued that, in a context in which negative and positive liberties are balanced, regulatory policies have double meaning. Thus, there should be a balance between the establishment of necessary rules for social protection and limits for them not to violate individuals' rights.


Asunto(s)
Fluoruración , Libertad , Política Pública , Derecho a la Salud , Caries Dental/prevención & control , Humanos , Factores Socioeconómicos
6.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 117(13): 6990-6997, 2020 03 31.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32229559

RESUMEN

We examine change in multiple indicators of gender inequality for the period of 1970 to 2018. The percentage of women (age 25 to 54) who are employed rose continuously until ∼2000 when it reached its highest point to date of 75%; it was slightly lower at 73% in 2018. Women have surpassed men in receipt of baccalaureate and doctoral degrees. The degree of segregation of fields of study declined dramatically in the 1970s and 1980s, but little since then. The desegregation of occupations continues but has slowed its pace. Examining the hourly pay of those aged 25 to 54 who are employed full-time, we found that the ratio of women's to men's pay increased from 0.61 to 0.83 between 1970 and 2018, rising especially fast in the 1980s, but much slower since 1990. In sum, there has been dramatic progress in movement toward gender equality, but, in recent decades, change has slowed and on some indicators stalled entirely.


Asunto(s)
Derechos de la Mujer/historia , Escolaridad , Empleo/historia , Historia del Siglo XX , Historia del Siglo XXI , Salarios y Beneficios/historia
7.
Washington, D.C.; OPS; 2020-04-28.
en Español | PAHO-IRIS | ID: phr-52043

RESUMEN

El abuso sexual, que abarca la agresión sexual o la violación, de niños y adolescentes es un grave problema de salud pública en todo el mundo y una violación de los derechos humanos que tiene muchas consecuencias para la salud a corto y a largo plazo. Las consecuencias físicas, sexuales, para la salud reproductiva y la salud mental de ese abuso son de amplio alcance y deben abordarse. Los datos recabados en diferentes entornos indican que los niños y adolescentes están representados desproporcionadamente entre los casos de abuso sexual que se llevan a la atención de los prestadores de atención de salud. En esta directriz se formulan recomendaciones dirigidas en especial a los prestadores de atención de salud que se encuentran en la primera línea de acción (por ejemplo, médicos generales, enfermeras, pediatras, ginecólogos), que atienden a niños y adolescentes hasta la edad de 18 años, que han sufrido, o podrían haber sufrido algún tipo de abuso sexual, como la agresión sexual o la violación. También puede ser útil para otros cuadros de prestadores especializados de atención de salud que tienen probabilidad de atender a niños o adolescentes. En la directriz, aunque es de alcance mundial, se asigna particular importancia a su aplicación en entornos de atención de salud de los países de ingresos bajos y medianos, teniendo en cuenta que allí los recursos de atención de salud son más limitados. Por consiguiente, en la redacción se tuvo en cuenta la factibilidad de poner en práctica las recomendaciones en entornos de escasos recursos... La directriz se formuló según las normas y los requisitos especificados en el manual de la OMS para la elaboración de directrices, segunda edición. El proceso incluyó: a) la determinación de las preguntas de investigación fundamentales y sus resultados; b) la recuperación de la evidencia, lo que incluyó la ejecución de revisiones sistemáticas; c) la síntesis de la evidencia; d) la evaluación de la calidad, efectuada por un Grupo de Elaboración de las Directrices (GED); y e) la formulación de recomendaciones con el GED y aportes de un Grupo de Revisión Externa. No se detectaron conflictos de intereses importantes para el GED ni el Grupo de Revisión Externa. El documento también comprende principios generales que sustentan la práctica clínica y que se derivan de normas internacionales éticas y de derechos humanos. Incluye enunciados de prácticas adecuadas que se basan tanto en los principios orientadores como en los valores y las preferencias de las personas sobrevivientes, sus cuidadores y los prestadores de atención de salud. Las recomendaciones se fundamentan en las recomendaciones vigentes de la OMS, así como en el nuevo contenido elaborado como parte de este proceso de formulación de directrices. A continuación, se resumen los principios orientadores, las recomendaciones y los enunciados de las prácticas adecuadas.


Asunto(s)
Delitos Sexuales , Violencia de Género , Exposición a la Violencia , Violaciones de los Derechos Humanos , Derechos Humanos , Salud Mental , Servicios de Salud del Adolescente , Servicios de Salud del Niño
8.
PLoS One ; 15(3): e0229286, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32231375

RESUMEN

Over the last decade, Egypt's aquaculture sector has expanded rapidly, which has contributed substantially to per capita fish supply, and the growth of domestic fish markets and employment across the aquaculture value chain. Despite the growing importance of aquaculture sector in Egyptian labour force, only a few studies have explored the livelihoods of Egypt's women and men fish retailers. Even fewer studies have examined gender-based market constraints experienced by these informal fish retailers. This study uses sex-disaggregated data collected in 2013 in three governorates of Lower Egypt to examine the economic and social constraints to scale of enterprises between women (n = 162) and men informal fish retailers (n = 183). Specifically, we employ linear regression method to determine the correlates of enterprise performance. We found that both women and men retailers in the informal fish market earn low profits and face livelihood insecurities. However, women's enterprise performance is significantly lower than that of men even after controlling for individual socio-economic and retailing characteristics. Specifically, the burden of unpaid household work and lack of support therein impedes women's ability to generate higher revenues. These findings strengthen the argument for investing in understanding how gender norms and attitudes affect livelihood options and outcomes. This leads to recommendations on gender-responsive interventions that engage with both men and women and enhance the bargaining power and collective voice of fish retailers.


Asunto(s)
Acuicultura , Derechos de la Mujer/economía , Recursos Humanos/economía , Adulto , Egipto , Femenino , Humanos , Sector Informal , Modelos Lineales , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Modelos Económicos , Sexismo , Factores Socioeconómicos
11.
RECIIS (Online) ; 14(1): 225-246, jan.-mar. 2020. ilus
Artículo en Portugués | LILACS | ID: biblio-1087311

RESUMEN

O uso dos resultados da pesquisa e do conhecimento bem como a aplicação das descobertas científicas no mundo real não ocorrem de forma natural. Instituições acadêmicas e governos têm definido que a translação da pesquisa é uma prioridade para a saúde: as evidências científicas devem embasar as decisões para melhorar a saúde. Porém, a lacuna entre ciência e prática, os entraves naturais e criados entre elas mostram que a translação do conhecimento é um processo que precisa ser implementado. As formas de fazê-lo requerem atitudes do meio acadêmico e do ambiente político e de gestão, algo complexo e de difícil solução. Este artigo busca compreender o tema por meio da leitura de autores da área de saúde. Detémse com especial atenção na conceituação e nos modelos disponíveis, além de analisar como se dá essa passagem de evidências entre o campo da ciência e os responsáveis pelas tomadas de decisão e como estas são utilizadas.


The use of research results and knowledge as well as the application of scientific discoveries in the real world do not occur naturally. Academic institutions and governments have defined that the research translation is a priority for health: decisions should be based on scientific evidence to improve health. However, the gap between science and practice, the natural and created barriers between them show that the knowledge translation is a process that has to be implemented. The ways to do it involve attitudes in both academic, managerial and political environment, which are a issue quite complex and difficult to solve. This paper proposes to understand the topic by reading some authors of the health field. We give a special attention to the concepts, the available models and we analyze how the exchange of evidence between science and decision makers takes place and how the evidence is used.


El uso de los resultados de la investigación y el conocimiento, así como la aplicación de descubrimientos científicos en el mundo real, no ocurren naturalmente. Instituciones académicas y gobiernos han definido que la traslación de la investigación es una prioridad para la salud: las evidencias científicas deben respaldar las decisiones para mejorar la salud. Sin embargo, el intervalo entre ciencia y práctica, los obstáculos naturales y creados entre ellas muestran que la traslación del conocimiento es un proceso que necesita ser implementado. Las formas de hacerlo implican actitudes del medio académico y del ambiente político y de gestión, algo complejo y de difícil solución. Este artículo propone entender el tema por medio de la lectura de autores del área de salud. Nos detenemos en la conceptualización, los modelos, y analizamos la manera de intercambiar evidencias entre el campo de la ciencia y los responsables de la toma de decisiones y el modo como estas son usadas.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Conocimiento , Acceso a la Información , Toma de Decisiones , Investigación Científica y Desarrollo Tecnológico , Investigación en Medicina Traslacional , Difusión de la Información , Política Informada por la Evidencia , Política de Salud
12.
Sex Reprod Health Matters ; 28(1): 1-14, 2020 Dec.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32237980

RESUMEN

Married women of reproductive age can experience violations of their sexual and reproductive rights (SRRs). Adequate knowledge and understanding of SRRs are critical to their ability to protect themselves. This mixed methods study assessed the knowledge and perception of SRRs among ever-married women in Ibadan Metropolis, Nigeria. Quantitative data (N = 423) were obtained using an interviewer-administered questionnaire and summarised by computing scores for knowledge and perception. Qualitative data were obtained from five focus groups. Findings showed that 45.2% of the respondents said that they were aware of SRRs, yet 81.8% had poor knowledge scores. Regarding perceptions about SRRs, 73% of respondents obtained scores over the mean. In focus group discussions, participants generally could not explain the meaning of SRRs. However, they had positive perception of some SRRs, such as rights to family planning and freedom from violence/abuse. Overall, this study revealed that respondents had poor knowledge of SRRs but positive perceptions about them. A concerted effort is needed to raise public awareness and achieve basic education for women of reproductive age.


Asunto(s)
Conocimientos, Actitudes y Práctica en Salud , Matrimonio , Salud Reproductiva , Derechos Sexuales y Reproductivos , Derechos de la Mujer , Adolescente , Adulto , Femenino , Grupos Focales , Humanos , Persona de Mediana Edad , Nigeria , Investigación Cualitativa , Factores Socioeconómicos , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Población Urbana , Adulto Joven
13.
Sex Reprod Health Matters ; 28(1): 1741496, 2020 Dec.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32254002

RESUMEN

As right-wing populist movements make electoral gains around the world, one might expect that resultant policy and legislative reversals against sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR) would be mirrored by a similar backlash in United Nations (UN) human rights negotiations. Yet the past five years have seen unprecedented advances for SRHR within the UN Human Rights Council (HRC), treaty bodies, and special procedures. In this article, we provide an overview of SRHR gains and setbacks within the HRC and analyse their broader significance, particularly as socially conservative nation states and non-governmental organisations seek to challenge them. We analyse how states have advanced SRHR in the HRC and examine efforts that states which oppose SRHR have undertaken to limit these advances. In an increasingly hostile political climate, the inter-related legal, technical, and political mechanisms through which human rights are advanced within the UN has helped to mitigate the effects of rapid political reversals. Additionally, the HRC's emphasis on previously agreed language helps dampen significant changes in resolutions on SRHR.


Asunto(s)
Derechos Humanos , Cooperación Internacional , Salud Reproductiva , Derechos Sexuales y Reproductivos , Derecho a la Salud , Cambio Climático , Humanos , Política , Conducta Sexual , Salud Sexual , Naciones Unidas
14.
Pesqui. prát. psicossociais ; 15(1): 1-11, jan.-abr. 2020.
Artículo en Portugués | LILACS, Index Psicología - Revistas técnico-científicas | ID: biblio-1098430

RESUMEN

O presente artigo objetiva analisar práticas de judicialização da saúde na atualidade como um dos efeitos da biopolítica contemporânea. A gestão de riscos e perigos é colocada no centro das encomendas pelo direito à saúde e dispara uma inflação judicial como pedido de segurança. Problematizar essa racionalidade produtora de biocidadanias por uma bioletigimidade é uma preocupação neste ensaio teórico. O Estado Democrático de Direito nasce com a emergência de uma sociedade de direitos e a extensão da Medicina Social como balizas da política da vida, pautada no governo da saúde, em prol do aumento de capacidades e desempenhos. Assim, a biopolítica passa a ser modulada pela produção da autonomia e do ativismo dos sujeitos biológicos. Esses biocidadãos seriam demandantes do acesso à saúde, ao exercício de capacidades e à possibilidade de escolher formas de viver.


This article aims to examine legalization of health practices in the present as one of the effects of contemporary biopolitics. The management of risks and dangers is placed in the center of the orders for the right to health and triggers a judicial inflation as application security. Problematize this producer biocitizenships rationality by a biolegitimacy is a concern, this theoretical essay. The democratic state is born along with the emergence of a society of rights and the extension of social medicine as beacons of political life, based on the health government in support of capacity building and performance. Thus, biopolitics becomes modulated by the production of autonomy and activism of biological subjects. These would biocitizens plaintiffs access to health, exercise capacity and the ability to choose ways of living.


Este artículo tiene como objetivo examinar la legalización de prácticas de salud en el presente como uno de los efectos de la biopolítica contemporánea. La gestión de los riesgos y peligros que se coloca en el centro de los pedidos para el derecho a la salud y provoca una inflación judicial como garantía de la aplicación. Problematizar estos biociudadanias productores racionalidad por un biolegitimidad es una preocupación, este ensayo teórico. El Estado democrático nace junto con la aparición de una sociedad de derechos y la extensión de la medicina social como faros de la vida política, basada en el gobierno de la salud en apoyo de la creación de capacidades y el rendimiento. Por lo tanto, la biopolítica se convierte modulados por la producción de la autonomía y el activismo de temas biológicos. Estos haría biociudadanos demandantes el acceso a la salud, la capacidad de ejercicio y la capacidad de elegir formas de vida.


Asunto(s)
Judicialización de la Salud , Derecho a la Salud , Medicina Social , Participación de la Comunidad , Accesibilidad a los Servicios de Salud
15.
RECIIS (Online) ; 14(1): 111-125, jan.-mar. 2020.
Artículo en Portugués | LILACS | ID: biblio-1087268

RESUMEN

A informação pública, garantida por lei no Brasil, é base para a geração de conhecimento adaptativo em situações adversas, como a extrema vulnerabilidade socioambiental e seus impactos na saúde humana. O presente artigo avalia a transparência da informação pública nas áreas de saúde humana (com foco no Sistema Único de Saúde ­ SUS), mudanças produtivas (uso do solo) e mudanças climáticas (chuva e temperatura), utilizando dados de 5.570 municípios brasileiros, ao longo dos últimos 20 anos. A experiência da construção de uma base nacional de dados (Data Lake) a partir de informações disponibilizadas em bases públicas (ou público-privadas) ­ DATASUS, MapBiomas, Instituto Nacional de Meteorologia (Inmet) e Hidroweb da Agência Nacional de Águas (ANA) ­ confirmou que, na prática, a acessibilidade da informação pública no Brasil apresenta entraves importantes. Incluímos recomendações sobre como ela pode ser aprimorada para tornar os direitos de acesso à informação uma realidade mais concreta para o cidadão brasileiro.


The transparency of public information, a right that is entitled by law in Brazil, is the basis to generate adaptive knowledge in adverse situations, such as extreme socio-environmental vulnerability and its impacts on human health. This article evaluates the transparency of public information in three areas ­ i) human health, focusing on the Sistema Único de Saúde ­ SUS (Unified Health System); ii) productive changes (land use indicators); and iii) climate changes (rain and temperature indicators) ­ using data from all the 5,570 Brazilian municipalities over the last 20 years. The experience of building a national database (Data Lake) from available information in public (or public-private) databases ­ DATASUS, MapBiomas, Instituto Nacional de Meteorologia ­ Inmet (National Institute of Meteorology), and Hidroweb of the Agência Nacional de Águas ­ ANA (National Water Agency) ­ confirmed that, in practice, the accessibility of public information in Brazil suffers from significant shortcomings. We include some recommendations for and how it could be improved so that the access rights to information becomes a more concrete reality for the Brazilian citizen.


La información pública, garantizada por ley en Brasil, es la base para la generación de conocimiento adaptativo en situaciones adversas, como la extrema vulnerabilidad socioambiental y sus impactos en la salud humana. Este artículo evalúa la transparencia de la información pública en las áreas de salud humana (dirigindo la atención hacia el Sistema Único de Saúde ­ SUS (Sistema Único de Salud), cambios productivos (uso del suelo) y cambios climáticos (lluvia y temperatura), con datos de los 5.570 municipios brasileños, durante los últimos 20 años. La experiencia de la construcción de una base nacional de datos (Data Lake) a partir de informaciones disponibles en bases públicas (o público-privadas) ­ DATASUS, MapBiomas, Instituto Nacional de Meteorología (Inmet) e Hidroweb de la Agência Nacional de Águas ­ ANA (Agencia Nacional de Aguas) ­ confirmó que, en la práctica, la accesibilidad de la información pública en Brasil presenta obstáculos importantes. Incluimos recomendaciones acerca de como la transparencia puede ser perfeccionada para hacer de los derechos de acceso a la información una realidad más concreta para el ciudadano brasileño.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Cambio Climático , Acceso a la Información/legislación & jurisprudencia , Toma de Decisiones , Medio Ambiente y Salud Pública , Macrodatos , Sistema Único de Salud , Brasil , Información Pública , Vulnerabilidad Social , Sistemas de Información Geográfica , Políticas Públicas de Salud , Sistemas de Información en Salud
16.
Sex Reprod Health Matters ; 28(1): 1741495, 2020 Dec.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32254004

RESUMEN

This commentary is in response to a paper published in the Lancet entitled: "Progress in adolescent health and well-being: tracking 12 headline indicators for 195 countries and territories, 1990-2016" (Peter Azzopardi et al, 2019). We agree with the authors' overall conclusions that although there has been progress in some health outcomes, health risks and social determinants, the situation has worsened in other areas. Other important messages emerge from studying the data with an adolescent sexual and reproductive health and rights (ASRHR) lens. First, notable - albeit uneven - progress in all the ASRHR indicators has occurred in multi-burden countries. Second, while we cannot assign a cause-effect relationship, it is reasonable to suggest that in addition to secular trends, deliberate global and national investment and action have contributed to and/or accelerated these changes. Third, progress in ASRHR in the multi-burden countries contrasts sharply with increases in rates of tobacco use, binge drinking and overweight and obesity, in all categories of countries. Based on these observations, we submit five implications for action: the adolescent health community must recognize the progress made in ASRHR; acknowledge that increasing investment and action in ASRHR has contributed to these tangible results, which has the potential to grow; build on the gains in ASRHR through concerted action and a focus on implementation science; expand the adolescent health agenda in a progressive and strategic manner; and contribute to wider efforts to respond to adolescents' health needs within the rapidly changing context of the worlds they live in.


Asunto(s)
Salud del Adolescente , Salud Reproductiva , Derechos Sexuales y Reproductivos , Salud Sexual , Adolescente , Salud del Adolescente/tendencias , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Conducta Sexual , Determinantes Sociales de la Salud
17.
J Glob Health ; 10(1): 010702, 2020 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32257162

RESUMEN

Background: Many global health organisations have adopted formal strategies to integrate gender in their programming. In practice, few prioritise the issue. Institutions with considerable global power therefore largely overlook fundamental drivers of adverse health outcomes: gender inequality and harmful gender norms. We analyse the factors shaping attention to gender in organisations involved in global health governance. Methods: Drawing on scholarship from the fields of organisational behavior and management, sociology, international relations and the policy process, we undertook a thematic analysis of peer-reviewed scholarship and organisational documents. We also conducted 20 semi-structured interviews over Skype with individuals working at the cross-section of gender and health. Results: In seeking to reform the policies and practices of global health organisations, gender proponents confront patriarchal organisational cultures, hostile political environments and an issue that is difficult to address as it requires upsetting existing power structures. Proponents also face three linked challenges internal to their own networks. First, there is little cohesion among champions themselves, as they are fragmented into multiple networks. Second, proponents differ on the nature of the problem and solutions, including whether reducing gender inequality or addressing harmful gender norms is the primary goal, the role of men in gender initiatives, which health issues to prioritise, and even the value of proponent cohesion. Third, there are disagreements among proponents on how to convey the problem. Some advance an instrumental case, while others believe that it should be portrayed as a human rights issue and using any other argument undermines that fundamental justification. Conclusions: Prospects for building more gender-responsive global health organisations will depend in part on the ability of proponents to address these disagreements and develop strategies for negotiating difficult organisational cultures and political environments.


Asunto(s)
Actitud del Personal de Salud , Salud Global , Política de Salud , Derechos Humanos , Política , Humanos , Entrevistas como Asunto , Formulación de Políticas , Investigación Cualitativa
18.
Washington, D.C.; OPS; 2020-03-13. (OPS-FPL-0002-20).
en Español | PAHO-IRIS | ID: phr-51938

RESUMEN

Taller para determinar las posibles causas de la reducción y el estancamiento de las coberturas e identificar las intervenciones más exitosas en la Región de las Américas para el mantenimiento de las coberturas de vacunación en niveles óptimos.


Asunto(s)
Inmunización , Vacunación , Género y Salud , Grupos Étnicos , Derechos Humanos , Américas
19.
PLoS One ; 15(3): e0229676, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32126116

RESUMEN

Child marriage, defined by the United Nations as marriage before the age of 18, is considered a violation of human rights with negative consequences for girls' health. We systematically reviewed existing academic literature and news media to learn what is known about the frequency of child marriage in Canada and its effects on health. Approximately 1% of 15-19-year-olds in Canada were married or in common law unions in 2016. News reports document cases of child marriage among religious minority communities but no nationwide estimates of the frequency of marriage before the age of 18 were identified. Sources consistently show girls are more likely to marry as teens than boys. Information on married teens between 15 and 19 years of age suggests similarities in marriage patterns among this age group in Canada and child marriage practices globally. Further research is needed to measure Canada's progress toward eliminating child marriage.


Asunto(s)
Derechos Humanos , Matrimonio , Adolescente , Factores de Edad , Canadá , Niño , Escolaridad , Femenino , Disparidades en el Estado de Salud , Derechos Humanos/legislación & jurisprudencia , Derechos Humanos/estadística & datos numéricos , Humanos , Masculino , Matrimonio/legislación & jurisprudencia , Matrimonio/estadística & datos numéricos , Factores Socioeconómicos , Adulto Joven
20.
Georgian Med News ; (298): 169-174, 2020 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32141873

RESUMEN

The aim of the study was to study the initial moment of a person's life, which is important for a clear determination of when it begins to be protected by the legislation of Ukraine, and differentiation from legal or illegal abortions, as well as to propose an approach to determine the initial moment of life that is more consistent with the logic than exists in the current one the legislation of Ukraine. Today, the initial moment of life in Ukraine determines the beginning of childbirth, and the final - death of the brain, that is, the criteria for determining the beginning and end of life are different - the beginning of childbirth and brain death; we offer to connect the initial and final moments of life with the brain - from the formation and beginning of the functioning of the human brain to his death, that is, the only criterion is the brain) and a more humane approach to determining the initial moment of life than exists now (life if we take into account our proposals the legislator will be protected at earlier stages - from the 12th week of pregnancy). We examined the results obtained by other scientists, as well as normative acts, in particular, the Law of Ukraine «Basics of the Legislation of Ukraine on Health Protection¼ № 2801-XII of November 19, 1992. As a result of the study, individual proposals were made to improve the legislation of Ukraine in the field of protecting the human right to life. It is proposed to amend Part 1 of Art. 50 of the Law of Ukraine «Basics of the Legislation of Ukraine on Health Protection¼, in particular, replace in the text «The operation of artificial termination of pregnancy (abortion) can be performed at the request of a woman in health facilities during pregnancy for a period not exceeding 12 weeks¼.


Asunto(s)
Comienzo de la Vida Humana , Derechos Humanos , Personeidad , Femenino , Política de Salud , Humanos , Embarazo , Ucrania
SELECCIÓN DE REFERENCIAS
DETALLE DE LA BÚSQUEDA