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3.
Invest. educ. enferm ; 40(1): 11-24, 01/03/2022. ilus
Artículo en Inglés | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermería, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1367713

RESUMEN

It may be stated that qualitative texts harbour a set of voices that, as if they were drawings, seek to sensitize and,ultimately­ transform those who listen to them. These voices come from participants in studies, from ourselves, researchers, and from others who have preceded us and who speak to us from the literature. Our research studies set off from participant's lived experience and, when interpreted, express the universal in the particular, as in the drawings by Goya who, by using images he took from the streets, expressed the pain and loneliness of people (Figure 1) and denounced events that occurred during the war, which over two-hundred years later still shudder and overwhelm us (Figure 2). Thus, similarly, carefully chosen and wisely combined in research reports, they, the low voices, will move those who read them into situations and experiences evoking potentially transformative images.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Gestión de la Calidad , Investigación Cualitativa , Ética
4.
Invest. educ. enferm ; 40(1): 25-36, 01/03/2022. tab
Artículo en Inglés | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermería, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1367714

RESUMEN

Objective. The present study aimed to determine male nursing students' perception of gender barriers in nursing curricula. Methods. This descriptive study was conducted on 150 B.Sc. and M.Sc. nursing students at Tabriz School of Nursing and Midwifery, Tabriz university of medical sciences, Tabriz, Iran that were selected through convenience sampling. The study data were collected using Inventory of Male Friendliness in Nursing Programs-Short (IMFNP-S). This scale has 17 items for investigating male nursing students' perception of gender barriers in nursing curricula. Each item is a 5-point Likert-type scale scored from 0 to 4; total scale score could range from 0 to 68, higher scores representing male nursing students' perception of less gender barriers in nursing curricula. Results. The total mean score of gender barriers was 35.11+6.15. The most important barriers included different requirements/limitations in obstetrics apprenticeship (Median=1), and need for proving oneself because of people's expectation of nurses to be female (Median=2). On the other hand, the least important barriers were lack of important people's support on one's career decisions (Median=3), and lack of opportunity to work with other male nurses (Median=3). The scale score was not associated with the socio-demographic characteristics studied. Conclusion. The most male nursing students feel various gender issues in the nursing curriculum in a medium level that may negatively impact on their learning, professional performance and motivation and tendency to nursing. Furthermore, this vicious cycle can lead to lack of professional development, leaving the job and burnout. Thus, creating a gender-neutral environment can make nursing programs more male friendly.


Objetivo. Describir la percepción de los estudiantes varones de enfermería sobre las barreras de género en los planes de estudio de enfermería. Métodos. Este estudio descriptivo se llevó a cabo con la participación de 150 varones estudiantes de enfermería de la Escuela de Enfermería y Partería de Tabriz, Universidad de Ciencias Médicas de Tabriz, Irán, seleccionados mediante un muestreo por conveniencia. Los datos del estudio se recogieron utilizando el Inventory of Male Friendliness in Nursing Programs-Short (IMFNP-S). Esta escala tiene 17 ítems con opciones de respuesta tipo Likert de 5 puntos que se puntúa de 0 a 4; la puntuación total de la escala puede oscilar entre 0 y 68, y las puntuaciones más altas representan la percepción de menos barreras de género. Resultados. La puntuación media total de las barreras de género fue de 35.11+6.15. Las barreras más importantes incluían los diferentes requisitos o limitaciones en el aprendizaje de la obstetricia (Mediana=1), y la necesidad de probarse a sí mismo debido a la expectativa de la gente de que las enfermeras sean mujeres (Mediana=2). Por otro lado, las barreras menos importantes fueron la falta de apoyo de personas importantes en las decisiones de la carrera profesional (mediana=3) y la falta de oportunidades para trabajar con otros enfermeros (mediana=3). La puntuación de la escala no se asoció con las características sociodemográficas estudiadas. Conclusión. La mayoría de los estudiantes varones de enfermería sienten diversas barreras de género en el plan de estudios de enfermería en un nivel medio, que puede repercutir negativamente en su aprendizaje, motivación, rendimiento profesional y en la tendencia hacia la enfermería. Además, esta situación puede conducir a la falta de desarrollo profesional, al abandono del trabajo y al agotamiento. Así pues, la creación de un entorno neutral desde el punto de vista de género puede hacer que los programas de enfermería sean más favorables a los hombres


Objetivo. Descrever a percepção dos estudantes de enfermagem homens sobre as barreiras de gênero nos planos de estudo de enfermagem. Métodos. Este estudo descritivo se levou a cabo com a participação de 150 homens que eram estudantes de enfermagem da Escola de Enfermagem e Parteira de Tabriz, Universidade de Ciências Médicas de Tabriz, Irã, que foram selecionados mediante uma amostragem por conveniência. Os dados do estudo se recolheram utilizando o Inventory of Male Friendliness in Nursing Programs-Short (IMFNP-S). Esta escala tem 17 itens com opções de resposta tipo Likert de 5 pontos que se pontua de 0 a 4; a pontuação total da escala pode oscilar entre 0 e 68, e as pontuações maiores representam a percepção de menos barreiras de gênero. Resultados. A pontuação média total das barreiras de género foi de 35.11+6.15. As barreiras mais importantes incluíam os diferentes requisitos ou limitações na aprendizagem da obstetrícia (Média=1), e a necessidade de provar-se a si mesmo devido à expectativa das pessoas de que as enfermeiras sejam mulheres (Média=2). Por outro lado, as barreiras menos importantes foram a falta de apoio de pessoas importantes nas decisões da carreira profissional (média=3) e a falta de oportunidades para trabalhar com outros enfermeiros (média=3). A pontuação da escala não se associou com as características sociodemográficas estudadas. Conclusão. A maioria dos estudantes de enfermagem homens sentem diversas barreiras de gênero no plano de estudos de enfermagem num nível médio, que pode repercutir negativamente na sua aprendizagem, motivação e rendimento profissional, e tendência à enfermagem. Além disso, esta situação pode conduzir à falta de desenvolvimento profissional, ao abandono do trabalho e ao esgotamento. Assim pois, a criação de um entorno neutral desde o ponto de vista de gênero, pode fazer que os programas de enfermagem sejam mais favoráveis aos homens.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Estudiantes de Enfermería , Curriculum , Enfermeros , Percepción
5.
Invest. educ. enferm ; 40(1): 37-52, 01/03/2022. ilus, tab
Artículo en Inglés | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermería, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1367715

RESUMEN

Objective. To investigate the effect of teach-back education on patient asthma control and family care pressure of patients with asthma. Methods. The present study is a clinical trial and the study population was patients referred to Shahid Faghihi and Shahid Motahhari clinics in Shiraz, Iran. 58 patients with asthma and their caregivers were randomly assigned to the intervention and control groups, for a total of 29 subjects in each group. In the intervention group: the teach-back method was delivered individually to the patient and his or her primary caregiver in three sessions of approximately 60 minutes at one-day intervals. each session included presentations, practical techniques and a booklet. In this study, patients and caregivers in the control group were not trained. Before the intervention, 4 and 8 weeks after the intervention, asthma control test and spirometry test were performed to evaluate asthma control; Also, before the intervention and 8 weeks after the intervention, Zarit test was performed to evaluate the care burden. Results. The findings of repeated measures tests showed that, compared to the control group, the intervention group obtained a greater increase in the vital capacity index (p=0.028) and in the disease control score (p=0.001), as well as a reduction in the burden of care on family members (p<0.001). Conclusion. The present study showed that teaching asthma related topics to the patient and her caregiver along with the follow-up and supervision of the nurse improves the asthma control of the patient and also reduces the caregiver pressure.


Objetivo. Investigar el efecto de la educación con el método teach-back sobre el control del asma y la carga del cuidado familiar de estos pacientes. Métodos. Ensayo clínico cuya población de estudio fueron los pacientes remitidos a las clínicas Shahid Faghihi y Shahid Motahhari en Shiraz, Irán. Se asignaron aleatoriamente 58 pacientes con asma y sus cuidadores a los grupos de intervención y control, con un total de 29 díadas en cada grupo. Las personas del grupo de intervención recibieron formación con el método teach-back que se impartió individualmente al paciente y a su cuidador principal en tres sesiones de aproximadamente 60 minutos en tres días consecutivos. Cada sesión incluía presentaciones, técnicas prácticas y un folleto. Los pacientes y cuidadores del grupo de control no recibieron formación. Antes de la intervención y a las 4 y 8 semanas después de la misma, se aplicaron las escalas de control del asma y la de Zarit para evaluación de la carga del cuidado y, además se practicó una espirometría. Resultados. Las pruebas de medidas repetidas entre los grupos de estudio mostraron que, comparando con el grupo control, el grupo de intervención obtuvo mayor aumento del índice de capacidad vital (p=0.028) y del puntaje de control de la enfermedad (p=0.001), además, se redujo la carga del cuidado en los familiares (p<0.001). Conclusión. El presente estudio mostró que con la enseñanza de temas relacionados con el asma al paciente y a su cuidador, junto con el seguimiento y la supervisión de la enfermera, se mejora el control del asma en el paciente y también se reduce la carga del cuidador.


Objetivo. Investigar o efeito da educação com o método teach-back sobre o controle da asma e a carga do cuidado familiar destes pacientes. Métodos. Ensaio clínico no qual a população de estudo foram os pacientes enviados às clínicas Shahid Faghihi e Shahid Motahhari em Shiraz, Irã. 58 pacientes com asma e seus cuidadores foram designados aleatoriamente aos grupos de intervenção e controle, com um total de 29 díade em cada grupo. As pessoas do grupo da intervenção receberam formação com o método teach-back que se transmitiu individualmente ao paciente e ao seu cuidador principal em três sessões de aproximadamente 60 minutos em três dias consecutivos. Cada sessão incluía apresentações, técnicas práticas e um folheto. Os pacientes e cuidadores do grupo de controle não receberam formação. Antes da intervenção e às 4 e 8 semanas depois dela, se aplicaram as escalas de controle da asma e a de Zarit para avaliação da carga do cuidado e, além disso se praticou uma espirometria. Resultados. As provas de medidas repetidas entre os grupos de estudo mostraram que, comparando com o grupo de controle, o grupo de intervenção obteve maior aumento do índice de capacidade vital (p=0.028) e da pontuação de controle da doença (p=0.001), ademais de que se reduziu a carga do cuidado nos familiares (p<0.001). Conclusão. O presente estudo mostrou que o ensino de temas relacionados com a asma ao paciente e ao seu cuidador, junto com o seguimento e a supervisão da enfermeira, se melhora o controle da asma no paciente e também se reduz a carga do cuidador.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Asma , Método Teach-Back , Carga del Cuidador , Educación
6.
Invest. educ. enferm ; 40(1): 53-66, 01/03/2022. tab
Artículo en Inglés | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermería, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1367716

RESUMEN

Objective. The study aimed to measure the effect of auditory, tactile, visual, and vestibular (ATVV) stimulation therapy on sucking effectiveness (SE), infant-feeding mode, weight, height, and head circumference (HC) of full-term infants. Methods. A single-blinded randomized trial with a sample of 107 mother-child dyads. Inclusion criteria were healthy first-time mothers and full-term infants with no known pathological conditions, weighing between 2500 and 4000 grams, and recommendation of exclusive or predominant breastfeeding. The mothers in the experimental group (EG) received training in ATVV stimulation therapy and provided it from birth (first 24 hours of life) until the end of the follow-ups at week 5. The control group (CG) received only standard care that included education on warning signs and basic guidance on breastfeeding. SE, infant-feeding mode, and neonatal growth were measured at weeks 2 and 5. Results. In contrast to CG infants, the EG infants drank 2.02 cc more human milk in one minute of effective breastfeeding (p=0.002) at week 2 and 5.51 cc more at week 5 (p<0.0001). They showed greater adherence to breastfeeding at week 5 (p=0.025) and gained more weight: 8.35 grams/day (p=0.009) and 4.19 grams/day (p=0.008). HC did not differ between groups, and height difference was statistically significant at week 5 (p=0.025). Conclusion: ATVV stimulation therapy has a positive effect on neonatal health as it promotes effective sucking and exclusive breastfeeding, reduces weight loss, and improves neonatal growth.


Objetivos. Medir el efecto de la terapia de estimulación auditiva, táctil, visual y vestibular en la succión eficaz, el modo de alimentación, el peso, talla y perímetro cefálico de los neonatos a término. Métodos. Ensayo aleatorizado ciego, con una muestra de 107 díadas madre-hijo. Los criterios de inclusión fueron madres primerizas sanas y bebés a término sin condiciones patológicas conocidas, con peso entre 2500 y 4000 gramos e indicación de lactancia materna exclusiva o predominante. En el grupo experimental las madres recibieron entrenamiento en la terapia de estimulación auditiva, táctil, visual y vestibular y lo aplicaron desde el nacimiento (primeras 24 horas de vida) hasta el final del seguimiento. El grupo control recibió solamente la atención estándar que incluyó la educación sobre los signos de alarma y las indicaciones básicas sobre la lactancia materna. Se midió la eficacia de la succión, el tipo de alimentación y el crecimiento neonatal en la semana 2 y la semana 5. Resultados. Los bebés del grupo experimental comparados con el grupo control bebieron 2.02 cc más leche humana en un minuto de lactancia efectiva (p=0.002) en la segunda semana y 5.51 cc más en la quinta semana (p<0.0001); las madres registraron una mayor adherencia a la lactancia a las 5 semanas (p=0.025) y los bebés ganaron más peso: 8.35 gramos/día (p=0.009) y 4.19 gramos/día (p=0.008). El perímetro cefálico no presentó diferencias entre grupos, mientras que la diferencia en la talla fue estadísticamente significativa en la semana 5 (p=0.025). Conclusión. La terapia de estimulación auditiva, táctil, visual y vestibular tiene un efecto positivo en la salud neonatal, promueve la succión eficaz, la lactancia materna exclusiva, atenúa la pérdida de peso y mejora el crecimiento neonatal.


Objetivos. Medir o efeito da terapia de estimulação auditiva, táctil, visual e vestibular na sucção eficaz, o modo de alimentação, o peso, tamanho e perímetro cefálico dos neonatos a término. Métodos. Ensaio aleatório cego, com uma mostra de 107 díade mãe-filho. Os critérios de inclusão foram mães de primeira viagem saudáveis e bebês a término sem condições patológicas conhecidas, com peso entre 2500 e 4000 gramas e indicação de lactância materna exclusiva ou predominante. No grupo experimental as mães receberam treinamento na terapia de estimulação auditiva, táctil, visual e vestibular e a aplicaram desde o nascimento (primeiras 24 horas de vida) até o final do seguimento; o grupo de controle recebeu somente a atenção padrão que incluiu a educação sobre os sinais de alarme e as indicações básicas sobre a lactância materna. Se mediu a eficácia da sucção, o tipo de alimentação e o crescimento neonatal na 2ª semana e na 5ª semana. Resultados. Os bebês do grupo experimental comparados com o grupo de controle beberam 2.02 cc mais leite humana num minuto de lactância efetiva (p=0.002) na segunda semana e 5.51 cc mais na quinta semana (p<0.0001); as mães registraram uma maior aderência à lactância às 5 semanas (p=0.025) e os bebês ganharam mais peso: 8.35 gramas/dia (p=0.009) e 4.19 gramas/dia (p=0.008). O perímetro cefálico não apresentou diferenças entre grupos, enquanto a diferença no tamanho foi estatisticamente significativa na 5ª semana (p=0.025). Conclusão. A terapia de estimulação auditiva, táctil, visual e vestibular tem um efeito positivo na saúde neonatal, promove a sucção eficaz, a lactância materna exclusiva, atenua a perda de peso e melhora o crescimento neonatal.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Recién Nacido , Estimulación Física , Lactancia Materna , Recién Nacido , Antropometría , Enfermería Neonatal , Relaciones Madre-Hijo/psicología
7.
Invest Educ Enferm ; 39(3)2021 10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34822229

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: To analyze levels of production, reach, and thematic development of the Investigación y Educación en Enfermería journal from a scientometric analysis. METHODS: The study collected 1,066 articles corresponding to the period between 1983 and 2020. The scientometric analysis was carried out from three components of descriptive analysis: performance of the publication, geographic reach, and thematic development. The first two used data consolidated from articles published in the Open Journal System at Universidad de Antioquia. The third component captured the bibliographic references from the Web of Science and Scopus databases and from the Google Scholar and Lens academic search engines. RESULTS: In terms of the production analysis, the Journal shows stable behavior sustained over time with international reach regarding authorship. In the thematic setting, the Journal concentrates on two large clusters: 1) research on human factors from different perspectives and 2) cross-sectional studies differentiated mainly by sex. With respect to emerging clusters, on one side, a thematic pillar is seen with studies in young adult population and another in matters related to the educational process and nursing students. CONCLUSIONS: The Journal has maintained outstanding behavior in terms of production over time, aligned with very good visibility for potential authors internationally; something not easily accomplished for most journals in Colombia. Likewise, its production has had a thematic domain to a greater extent related to human factors associated with the nursing practice.


Asunto(s)
Bibliometría , Colombia , Estudios Transversales , Humanos
8.
Invest Educ Enferm ; 39(3)2021 Oct.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34822230

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: To explore women's experiences of violence and their opinion on routine screening for domestic violence by nursing professionals in mental health care settings. METHODS: This qualitative narrative research design was carried out among 20 asymptomatic women with mental illness at a tertiary care centre in Bangalore, India. RESULTS: Narrative content analysis was performed, and five dominant themes have emerged: 1. Understanding the nature and signs of violence (subtheme: Meaning of violence), 2. Abusive experiences of women with mental illness (subthemes: Physical violence, psychological violence, social violence, sexual violence and financial violence), 3. Experiences on disclosure of violence (subthemes: Identification of violence by nursing professionals, Experiences of disclosure of violence), 4. Barriers for disclosure of abuse(subthemes: Fear of consequences, the hectic schedule of nursing staff, helplessness and hopelessness, perceived poor family support). 5.Routine screening for violence by nursing professionals (subthemes: reasons for routine inquiry of violence, nature of inquiry by the nursing professionals). CONCLUSIONS: Women with mental illness were undergoing more than one form of violence, and most of the participants supported routine screening by nursing professionals. Nurses play an essential role in identifying and supporting abused women in mental health care settings.


Asunto(s)
Violencia Doméstica , Trastornos Mentales , Enfermeras y Enfermeros , Femenino , Humanos , India , Trastornos Mentales/diagnóstico , Percepción
9.
Invest Educ Enferm ; 39(3)2021 Oct.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34822231

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: To measure lifestyle changes and describe the barriers and facilitators perceived that influence on adopting healthy lifestyles in people with cardiovascular diseases. METHODS: Mixed study of concurrent execution in the public health center of the municipality of Tausa, Colombia. The quantitative phase corresponded to a longitudinal analytical method in which the FANTASTICO instrument was applied to 28 patients in this program between 0 and 120 days after a brief nursing intervention (face-to-face meetings and telephone calls). The qualitative phase was carried out with a micro-ethnographic approach applying a semi-structured interview to 12 out of 28 participants, 120 days after the intervention. RESULTS: During the quantitative phase, a statistically significant change (p < 0.05) was the improvement of the total score and in the domains of activity, type of personality and insight between day 0 and 120. During the qualitative phase, 13 categories arose regarding barriers and facilitators to adopt a healthy lifestyle: four facilitators and one barrier for physical activity, three facilitators and three barriers for feeding, and two facilitators for stress management. By integrating the results, it is possible to explain that, for the change in eating behaviors, physical activity and stress management, personal biological and psychological factors, interpersonal and situational influences coincide with the assumptions and propositions of the Health Promotion Model by Nola Pender. CONCLUSIONS: The participants' lifestyles changed positively in three of the domains and the total of the instrument, which can be explained by simultaneous triangulation, by the facilitators and perceived barriers as influential on adopting behaviors to acquire a healthy lifestyle.


Asunto(s)
Enfermedades Cardiovasculares , Enfermedades Cardiovasculares/prevención & control , Ejercicio Físico , Promoción de la Salud , Estilo de Vida Saludable , Humanos , Estilo de Vida , Investigación Cualitativa
10.
Invest Educ Enferm ; 39(3)2021 Oct.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34822232

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the ability of the NEWS2-L (National Early Warning Score 2 Lactate) scale to predict the risk of early clinical deterioration (mortality within 48 hours) in patients with dyspnoea treated by the Medical Emergency Services compared with NEWS2 and lactate in isolation. METHODS: Prospective, multi-centre study of a cohort of 638 patients with dyspnoea treated in the ambulance and priority-transferred to a hospital emergency service in the cities of Valladolid, Salamanca, Segovia or Burgos (Spain). We collected clinical, analytical and demographic data. The main outcome measure was all-cause mortality within 48 hours. The recommendations of the Royal College of Physicians were followed to calculate NEWS2. When NEWS2 and LA prehospital values were obtained, the two values were added together to obtain the NEWS2-L. RESULTS: Mortality within 48 hours was fifty-six patients (8.8%). The NEWS2-L scale obtained an area under the curve (AUC) of the receiver operating characteristics (ROC) for mortality within 48 hours of 0.854 (CI 95% 0.790-0.917), at seven days of 0.788 (CI 95% 0.729-0.848) and at 30 days of 0.744 (CI 95% 0.692-0.796); in all cases p<0.001, with a significant decrease between the value at 48 hours and at 30 days. CONCLUSIONS: The NEWS2-L scale was found to be significantly superior to the NEWS2 scale and similar to lactate in predicting early clinical deterioration in patients with dyspnoea. This scale can help a nurse detect these patients early, as part of their regular practice, and thus guide therapeutic efforts.


Asunto(s)
Deterioro Clínico , Puntuación de Alerta Temprana , Servicios Médicos de Urgencia , Disnea/etiología , Mortalidad Hospitalaria , Humanos , Ácido Láctico , Estudios Prospectivos
12.
Invest Educ Enferm ; 39(3)2021 Oct.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34822233

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: This work sought to evaluate the impact of an educational intervention on oral hygiene care aimed at nursing care staff, on the incidence of Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia (VAP) in adults from an ICU in Colombia. METHODS: Quasi-experimental study pre- and post-educational intervention aimed at nursing staff in which theoretical-practical sessions were conducted during 12 weeks to explain different oral hygiene techniques according to the oral conditions of patients. The study gathered sociodemographic, clinical, and characteristic variables of the oral and dental care received. The VAP was diagnosed according with international criteria. RESULTS: The educational intervention received participation from 60 individuals (40 nurses and 20 nursing aides), 80% were women. The work collected data from 171 patients, 70 (40.9%) cared for after the educational intervention. Daily oral and dental care by the staff increased from 29.6% to 92.8% after the intervention. Although the accumulated incidence of VAP diminished from 8.9% to 2.8% and the rate of incidence dropped from 9 to 3.5 cases per 1,000 days of intubation, these changes were not statistically significant. CONCLUSIONS: The educational intervention aimed at the nursing staff in oral care reduced the incidence of VAP in adults connected to ventilator in ICU; although this decrease was not statistically significant, it was a clinically relevant result for the institution, which is why it is necessary to continue the educational strategies on oral health studied in this staff.


Asunto(s)
Personal de Enfermería , Neumonía Asociada al Ventilador , Adulto , Femenino , Humanos , Incidencia , Unidades de Cuidados Intensivos , Higiene Bucal , Neumonía Asociada al Ventilador/epidemiología , Neumonía Asociada al Ventilador/prevención & control
13.
Invest Educ Enferm ; 39(3)2021 Oct.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34822234

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: To determine the main changes that took place in the daily lives of students in the health area during the beginning of the Covid-19 pandemic in Brazil. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study, carried out from May to June 2020, with 1786 students over 18 years old, regularly enrolled in health courses at higher education institutions in five regions of Brazil. Sampling was by convenience, typified as snowball. In order to collect data, an instrument to describe the sociodemographic profile and the daily lives of students during the pandemic period was used, which was applied via a digital platform on the web. RESULTS: The main changes that took place in the daily lives of academic students in the health area in the face of the Covid-19 pandemic in Brazil are related to lower productivity; difficulty concentrating; increased hours of sleep, use of electro-electronic equipment and weight; poorer quality of food; higher consumption of food, legal and illegal substances and medications (mainly analgesics, anxiolytics and antidepressants); less interest in personal appearance; and greater contact with relatives. Regarding emotional changes, it should be underlined the complaints of anxiety, stress, anguish, confusion, helplessness and depression. CONCLUSIONS: During the beginning of the Covid-19 pandemic in Brazil, the students in the health area experienced several changes in their daily lives, which deserve special attention from higher education institutions and health systems, envisioning interventions to minimize health risks to this population.


Asunto(s)
COVID-19 , Pandemias , Adolescente , Ansiedad , Brasil/epidemiología , Estudios Transversales , Humanos , SARS-CoV-2 , Estudiantes , Universidades
14.
Invest Educ Enferm ; 39(3)2021 Oct.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34822235

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: To determine the impact of spiritual intervention on hope and spiritual well-being of persons with cancer. METHODS: Randomized controlled trial in which 74 patients with cancer referring to a chemotherapy ward of Shahid Rajaie Hospital in Yasuj city, Iran, were participated. The eligible patients were randomly assigned to either intervention or control group. Spiritual-based intervention was performed based on the protocol in four main fields namely; religious, existence, emotional and social over 5 sessions before chemotherapy. The participants in the control group had received usual cares. Data were collected using Snyder's Hope Scale and Ellison's Scale Spiritual Well-Being Scale on a week before and after intervention. RESULTS: The total mean scores of the scales of hope and spiritual well-being in both groups did not present statistical differences in the pre-intervention assessment. In contrast, at the post assessment, significant differences (p<0.001) were found in the mean scores between the intervention and control groups on the hope scale (60.9 versus 39.8) and on the spiritual well-being scale (94.3 versus 71.6). CONCLUSIONS: Spiritual intervention could promote hope and spiritual well-being of persons with cancer.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias , Espiritualidad , Humanos , Irán , Neoplasias/terapia
15.
Invest Educ Enferm ; 39(3)2021 Oct.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34822236

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to adapt and validate the Regret Intensity Scale-10 (RIS-10) for Brazilian health professionals. METHODS: The validation study took place in two phases, in which the first was the translation of the instruments and the second, the field validation using psychometric properties validity and reliability of the scale with 341 professionals (doctors, nurses and physiotherapists) linked to hospitals. Validity was assessed using content validities (six judges evaluation), criteria (correlation with the Life Satisfaction Scale - SWLS and Self-Reporting Questionnaire 20 -SRQ-20) and construct (exploratory analysis using the rotation method Promax, based on the slope graph and the Kaiser criterion and confirmatory using the structural equation model) after applying the questionnaire to professionals.Reliability was measured by Cronbach's α coefficient and retest test over a maximum period of 30 days. Reproducibility was calculated by intraclass correlation. RESULTS: A total of 341 professionals participated, with an average age of 38.6 ± 9.2 years. The content validity index (CVI) was 1.00, for all items of the scale in the proportion of agreement of the judges. Exploratory factor analysis showed a satisfactory correlation (Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin = 0.88), suggesting a two-factor model, which comprises the main components of the emotion of regret (Factor I - emoticons, Factor II - feelings), accounting for 64% of the total variation of the first factor. In the confirmation, the index standardized root mean squared residual = 0.063 was close to the acceptable and other values were below. The scale correlated positively with SRQ-20 (p < 0.001) and negatively with SLWS (p = 0.003). Reliability showed (Cronbach's α = 0.863) and test-retest reliability showed lower values than expected. The Bland-Altman graph showed a mean bias of -1.5 with lower and upper limits of 15.8 to 12.8 respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The RIS-10 adapted for the population performed adequately in the psychometric properties evaluated for the assessment of the intensity of regret related to the provision of health care.


Asunto(s)
Atención , Emociones , Adulto , Humanos , Persona de Mediana Edad , Portugal , Psicometría , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
16.
Invest Educ Enferm ; 39(3)2021 Oct.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34822237

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: To identify the proportion of poor of glycemic control and associated factors among people with type 2 diabetes attending a regional reference outpatient clinic in Mato Grosso (Brazil). METHODS: This is a cross-sectional quantitative study based on data from medical records of 338 people with type 2 diabetes who attend a state reference outpatient clinic in Mato Grosso (Brazil). Information on glycemic control, sociodemographic factors, lifestyle and clinical conditions was collected. RESULTS: The prevalence of elevated glycated hemoglobin was 47.34%. In the Poisson multiple regression model analysis with robust variance, poor glycemic control was significantly associated (p<0.05) with the following factors: insulin use (Prevalence Ratio -PR = 2.03), fasting glucose ≤70 and ≥100 mg/dL (PR = 2.0), postprandial glucose ≥180 mg/dL (PR = 1.76), no physical activity (PR = 1.62), the interaction between age group ≤59 years and the time of disease diagnosis >10 years (PR = 1.58), and presence of arterial hypertension (PR = 0.79). CONCLUSIONS: Most users of the reference outpatient clinic with type 2 diabetes had poor glycemic control associated with risk factors that alter glycated hemoglobin and negatively affect the achievement of established glycemic levels.


Asunto(s)
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Instituciones de Atención Ambulatoria , Glucemia , Brasil/epidemiología , Estudios Transversales , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/epidemiología , Control Glucémico , Humanos , Persona de Mediana Edad
17.
Invest Educ Enferm ; 39(3)2021 Oct.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34822238

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: To identify the physiological changes in older adults' vision during the aging process. METHODS: An exploratory, descriptive study with a qualitative approach was conducted with 20 older adults and six healthcare providers who worked with older adults in João Pessoa, Paraíba (Brazil). The Focus Group Technique was used for data collection, with the collected information subsequently being submitted to Inductive Thematic Analysis using textual analysis software. RESULTS: The physiological changes related to vision were described by both the older adults and healthcare providers using the following words: vision, difficulty; see; cataract; glasses; surgery; more; age; eye; and no. These terms represent declines in vision resulting from advancing age which significantly modify the daily lives of older adults and their families. CONCLUSIONS: The perception of the older adults and the healthcare providers who care for them regarding the physiological changes in vision throughout the aging process shows that the loss of visual acuity significantly affects the daily life of older adults and their families.


Asunto(s)
Envejecimiento , Personal de Salud , Anciano , Grupos Focales , Humanos , Percepción , Investigación Cualitativa
18.
Invest Educ Enferm ; 39(3)2021 Oct.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34822239

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: To determine the relationship between spiritual intelligence (SI) and professional self-concept (PSC) among Iranian nurses. METHODS: This is a correlation study. A convenience sampling method was used and 344 nurses were selected from hospitals of Jahrom University of Medical Sciences. Data collection standard tools included two validated scales: Cowin's Nurse Self-Concept Questionnaire (36 items scored ranged from 1 to 8; Maximum score=288; 6 subcategories: General Nurse Self-Concept, Knowledge, Care, Communication, Staff Relation and Leadership) and Abdollahzadeh's SI Questionnaire (29 items scored ranged from 0 to 5; Maximum score=145; 2 subcategories: Relying on the inner core and Understanding and communicating with the origin of the universe. RESULTS: The mean total score of PSC was 220.3±30.61 and 120.67±16.13 for SI. There was a significant statistical correlation between PSC (r=0.348, p<0.0001) and almost all subcategories and SI. The results of the regression analysis showed that SI predicts 13.3% of the variance of PSC (p<0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: Considering the correlation of SI and PSC among Iranian nurses, it is suggested that strategies be used to train and promote the SI of nurses.


Asunto(s)
Enfermeras y Enfermeros , Autoimagen , Humanos , Inteligencia , Irán , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
19.
Invest Educ Enferm ; 39(3)2021 Oct.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34822240

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: To describe nurses' self-perception of competence in family assessment and intervention. METHODS: A sample of 551 Portuguese primary care nurses was selected. A Likert-type questionnaire with 11 items corresponding to the areas of care proposed by the Dynamic Model of Family Assessment and Intervention (MDAIF) was administered. Each item consists of 7 optional responses; a score equal to or greater than 4 denotes competence. RESULTS: The nurses perceived themselves as competent in areas of care belonging to the development dimension of the MDAIF (parental role, adaptation to pregnancy, and family planning), as well as in the caregiver role (which belongs to the functional dimension). There was a progressive decline in self-perception of competence over the stages of the nursing process. CONCLUSIONS: In this study, crucial aspects related to nurses' self-perception of their competence in family assessment and intervention were observed, and need to be addressed in the training of nurses in all areas of care included in the Model. This should facilitate awareness of the competences needed to provide the best care for families.


Asunto(s)
Competencia Clínica , Enfermeras y Enfermeros , Femenino , Humanos , Embarazo , Autoimagen , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
20.
Invest Educ Enferm ; 39(3)2021 10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34822241

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: To describe the generational differences and similarities existing among nursing professionals of the 20th and 21st centuries and how these have influenced on the evolution of the profession. METHODS: Integrative review according to the methodology by Whittemore and Knafl. The key words used for the search were: nurses, intergenerational relations, Veterans, Baby Boom, X generation, and Millennials. RESULTS: The electronic search process yielded 10 documents (eight articles and two theses), all within the Anglo-Saxon environment (4 in Canada, 5 in the United States, and 1 in Australia). The documents recovered determined three principal themes: the intergenerational nursing workforce (n = 7), recruiting and retention within an intergenerational workforce (n = 2), and tutoring within an intergenerational nursing workforce (n = 1). The four generations of nursing professionals (X, Y, Baby Boomers, and Veterans) have different aptitudes, social and cultural setting, that coexist within the same work staff. CONCLUSIONS: This study establishes the legitimacy of the intergenerational differences as an important variable of social categorization. The findings have the potential to improve generational comprehension and promote a more cohesive culture in clinical practice settings, besides conserving the legacy of the four generations of nursing professionals contributing to outline the identity of the nurses through the conservation of social, cultural, and professional experiences.


Asunto(s)
Relaciones Intergeneracionales , Personal de Enfermería , Humanos , Estados Unidos
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