Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 13.734
Actas urol. esp ; 48(1): 2-10, Ene-Febr. 2024. tab
Artículo en Inglés, Español | IBECS | ID: ibc-229101


Introducción La radiación es una herramienta fundamental en las técnicas de imagen ampliamente utilizadas en el manejo de los cálculos renales. Entre las medidas básicas que suelen adoptar los endourólogos para reducir la cantidad de exposición a la radiación, se encuentran el principio As Low As Reasonably Achievable (ALARA) —basado en reducir el uso de la radiación tanto como sea razonablemente posible— y el empleo de técnicas sin fluoroscopia. Se realizó una revisión exploratoria de la literatura para investigar el éxito y la seguridad de la ureteroscopia (URS) o la nefrolitotomía percutánea (NLPC) sin fluoroscopia para el tratamiento de los cálculos renales. Métodos Se realizó una revisión de la literatura mediante la búsqueda en las bases de datos bibliográficas PubMed, EMBASE y la biblioteca Cochrane, y se incluyeron en la revisión 14 artículos completos de acuerdo con las directrices de la declaración PRISMA. Resultados De un total de 2.535 procedimientos analizados, se realizaron 823 URS sin fluoroscopia frente a 556 URS con fluoroscopia, y 734 NLPC sin fluoroscopia frente a 277 NLPC con fluoroscopia. La tasa libre de cálculos (TLC) de la URS sin fluoroscopia frente a la guiada por fluoroscopia fue del 85,3 y el 77%, respectivamente (p=0,2), y las TLC de la NLPC sin fluoroscopia frente al grupo con fluoroscopia fueron del 83,8 y el 84,6%, respectivamente (p=0,9). Las complicaciones globales Clavien-Dindo I/II y III/IV para los procedimientos con y sin fluoroscopia fueron del 3,1 (n=71), 8,5 (n=131), 1,7 (n=23) y 3% (n=47), respectivamente. Solo 5 estudios informaron de un fracaso del abordaje realizado con fluoroscopia, con un total de 30 (1,3%) procedimientos fallidos. Conclusión Durante los últimos años han surgido diversas maneras de aplicar el protocolo ALARA en endourología en un esfuerzo por proteger tanto a los pacientes como al personal sanitario. ... (AU)

Introduction Radiation via the use of imaging is a key tool in management of kidney stones. Simple measures are largely taken by the endourologists to implement the ‘As Low As Reasonably Achievable’ (ALARA) principle, including the use of fluoroless technique. We performed a scoping literature review to investigate the success and safety of fluoroless ureteroscopy (URS) or percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) procedures for the treatment of KSD. Methods A literature review was performed searching bibliographic databases PubMed, EMBASE and Cochrane library, and 14 full papers were included in the review in accordance with the PRISMA guidelines. Results Of the 2535 total procedures analysed, 823 were fluoroless URS vs. 556 fluoroscopic URS; and 734 fluoroless PCNL vs. 277 fluoroscopic PCNL. The SFR for fluoroless vs. fluoroscopic guided URS was 85.3% and 77%, respectively (P=.2), while for fluoroless PCNL vs. fluoroscopic group was 83.8% and 84.6%, respectively (P=.9). The overall Clavien-Dindo I/II and III/IV complications for fluoroless and fluoroscopic guided procedures were 3.1% (n=71) and 8.5% (n=131), and 1.7% (n=23) and 3% (n=47) respectively. Only 5 studies reported a failure of the fluoroscopic approach with a total of 30 (1.3%) failed procedures. Conclusion The ALARA protocol has been implemented in endourology in numerous ways to protect both patients and healthcare workers during recent years. Fluoroless procedures for treatment of KSD are safe and effective with outcomes comparable to standard procedures and could become the new frontier of endourology in selected cases. (AU)

Humanos , Urología/métodos , Fluoroscopía/efectos adversos , Fluoroscopía/métodos , Fluoroscopía/tendencias , Ureteroscopía/métodos , Ureteroscopía/tendencias , Nefrolitotomía Percutánea , Urolitiasis , Cálculos Renales
Rev Med Suisse ; 20(859): 238-240, 2024 01 31.
Artículo en Francés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38299953


Urology continues its development in minimally invasive surgery, and the year 2023 is marked by important innovations in the different approaches such as endoscopy, laparoscopy, and open surgery. The following innovations are instruments or medical devices which are still being evaluated. What they have in common is a questioning of our current practices, on the technical side but also for some of them on the ecological vision of our profession with the eternal debate of single use or reusable. Even if the evaluation of new devices is primarily medical and medico-economic, it is actually no longer possible to ignore the ecological aspect and the impact on the environment of the various new products. New technologies also make it possible to think about smart connected prostheses and precision intraoperative imaging that can ultimately guide the surgeon's hand.

L'urologie est une spécialité en constante évolution. L'année 2023 a été marquée par le développement de nouveautés en chirurgie minimalement invasive, tant en endoscopie qu'en laparoscopie ou chirurgie ouverte, principalement dans les domaines de la robotique, des technologies connectées, ainsi que dans les instruments médicaux réutilisables. Dans le domaine de l'imagerie, le TEP/CT peropératoire pourrait dans l'avenir guider le geste chirurgical afin d'améliorer les résultats oncologiques. Ces nouvelles technologies permettent le développement de nouveaux instruments ou dispositifs médicaux, dont l'évaluation doit se faire aujourd'hui tant sur le plan médical que socio-économique ou écologique.

Laparoscopía , Especialidades Quirúrgicas , Urología , Humanos , Mano
BMC Urol ; 24(1): 30, 2024 Feb 03.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38310269


Kidney stones, a persistent urological condition, continue to affect people globally. In this critical review, we examine the work of Borghi et al. who evaluated patients with idiopathic stone formation and randomised 99 patients to increased water intake (≥ 2 L/day) and 100 patients to usual care in a 5-year randomized controlled trial. The study examined baseline urine volume in individuals with idiopathic calcium stones, recurrence rates, and relevant biochemical factors. The study found reduced recurrence rate (12.1% vs. 27% (p = 0.008)), and time to recurrence with increased water intake (38.7 ± 13.2 months) vs. (25 ± 16.4 months) (p = 0.016). These findings inform clinical practice, contributing to the guideline recommendations that kidney stone patients should aim for fluid intake of at least 2.5 L per day to prevent stone recurrence.

Cálculos Renales , Nefrolitiasis , Urología , Humanos , Calcio , Estudios Prospectivos , Agua , Recurrencia , Ensayos Clínicos Controlados Aleatorios como Asunto
J Urol ; 211(3): 504-505, 2024 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38329051
Urol Pract ; 11(2): 339-346, 2024 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38305777


INTRODUCTION: With no recommended screening approach, urinary bladder cancer patients rely on referral to urologists to ensure timely diagnosis of bladder cancer. This requires coordination between primary and specialty care. We provide estimates of the relative association between primary care physician and urologist density on stage of urinary bladder cancer diagnosis. METHODS: We used 2010 to 2016 Pennsylvania Cancer Registry data to identify all adult patients diagnosed with bladder cancer. Our primary outcome was locoregional stage of diagnosis, since treatment modality changes and prognosis worsens beyond this stage. Based on patient's residential location at the time of diagnosis we defined both density of urologists and number of primary care providers (defined as providers per population) within the patient's county. We used univariate and multivariate logistic regression to estimate the association between provider density and likelihood of locoregional stage of diagnosis. We also controlled for age, sex, race/ethnicity, insurance type, and year. RESULTS: Our sample included 11,771 urinary bladder cancer patients with 10,607 diagnosed at locoregional stage and 1164 at distant stage. Multivariate regression results show primary care density was associated with significantly higher odds of locoregional stage of diagnosis (odds ratio of 1.05 [95% CI: 1.02-1.08]) while urologist density was associated with significantly lower odds of locoregional stage (odds ratio of 0.65 [95% CI: 0.48-0.89]). CONCLUSIONS: We found primary care density but not urologist density was associated with earlier stage of diagnosis, highlighting the importance of access to primary care and need for timely referral to urologic care.

Neoplasias de la Vejiga Urinaria , Sistema Urinario , Urología , Adulto , Humanos , Urólogos , Neoplasias de la Vejiga Urinaria/diagnóstico , Atención Primaria de Salud
Int Braz J Urol ; 50(2): 192-198, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38386789


PURPOUSE: One of the many artificial intelligence based tools that has gained popularity is the Chat-Generative Pre-Trained Transformer (ChatGPT). Due to its popularity, incorrect information provided by ChatGPT will have an impact on patient misinformation. Furthermore, it may cause misconduct as ChatGPT can mislead physicians on the decision-making pathway. Therefore, the aim of this study is to evaluate the accuracy and reproducibility of ChatGPT answers regarding urological diagnoses. MATERIALS AND METHODS: ChatGPT 3.5 version was used. The questions asked for the program involved Primary Megaureter (pMU), Enuresis and Vesicoureteral Reflux (VUR). There were three queries for each topic. The queries were inserted twice, and both responses were recorded to examine the reproducibility of ChatGPT's answers. Afterwards, both answers were combined. Finally, those rwere evaluated qualitatively by a board of three specialists. A descriptive analysis was performed. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: ChatGPT simulated general knowledge on the researched topics. Regarding Enuresis, the provided definition was partially correct, as the generic response allowed for misinterpretation. For VUR, the response was considered appropriate. For pMU it was partially correct, lacking essential aspects of its definition such as the diameter of the dilatation of the ureter. Unnecessary exams were suggested, for Enuresis and pMU. Regarding the treatment of the conditions mentioned, it specified treatments for Enuresis that are ineffective, such as bladder training. Therefore, ChatGPT responses present a combination of accurate information, but also incomplete, ambiguous and, occasionally, misleading details.

Enuresis Nocturna , Médicos , Urología , Humanos , Inteligencia Artificial , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados
Can J Urol ; 31(1): 11764-11766, 2024 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38401254

Urología , Humanos
Can J Urol ; 31(1): 11777-11783, 2024 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38401257


INTRODUCTION: Grant funding to Urology has decreased over the last decade. Documented lack of gender and race diversity at the faculty level raises concerns for funding disparities. This study sought to characterize disparities based upon race and gender in National Institutes of Health (NIH) funding data to Urologic faculty. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Data from 145 ACGME accredited Urology residency programs incorporating faculty gender and underrepresented in medicine (URiM) status was utilized. The NIH Research Portfolio Online Report Tool was queried between 1985 and 2023 for grants related to current Urology faculty. URiM status, gender, years of practice, academic rank, and Doximity residency program rank were factors in multivariable analysis. RESULTS: A total of 2,131 faculty were included. Three hundred one Urologists received 793 urologic grants for a total of $993,919,052 in funding. By race, grants were awarded to: White 72.9%, Asian 21.8%, Hispanic 3.0%, Black 2.1%. Men received 708 grants (89.3%) worth $917,083,475 total. Women received 85 grants (10.7%) worth $76,835,577 total. Likelihood of being awarded a grant was significantly associated with non-URiM status (p < 0.001) and men (p < 0.0001). On multivariable analysis, Doximity rank (p < 0.001) and academic rank (p < 0.001) were significant predictors of receiving a grant; male gender, URiM status, and years of practice were not. Academic rank was also a significant predictor of number of grants received (p = 0.04) and total funding (p = 0.04); years of practice, Doximity rank, URiM status, and gender were not. CONCLUSIONS: NIH grants were more likely awarded to higher ranked faculty from higher Doximity ranked institutions with no differences based on URiM status or gender.

Investigación Biomédica , Urología , Estados Unidos , Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Urólogos , National Institutes of Health (U.S.)
BMC Urol ; 24(1): 16, 2024 Jan 16.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38229041


In this critical review, we explore the study design, strengths and limitations of the paper: "Two-Year Outcomes of Sacral Neuromodulation Versus OnabotulinumtoxinA for Refractory Urgency Urinary Incontinence: A Randomized Trial." The paper reports 24 month follow-up data of the landmark ROSETTA trial. This multi-centre, open-labelled parallel randomised trial allocated females 1:1 to receive Sacral Neuromodulation (SNM) or OnabotulinumtoxinA(BTX) 200 units (U). The primary outcome was change in mean daily urinary urgency incontinence episodes (UUIE) over 24 months. The study did not demonstrate a difference between treatments (-3.88 vs. -3.50 episodes per day), however women treated with BTX were more satisfied; but reported higher rates of UTI. The two treatments provide comparable third-line treatment options for patients with refractory urgency urinary incontinence.

Toxinas Botulínicas Tipo A , Estimulación Eléctrica Transcutánea del Nervio , Vejiga Urinaria Hiperactiva , Incontinencia Urinaria , Urología , Humanos , Femenino , Toxinas Botulínicas Tipo A/uso terapéutico , Incontinencia Urinaria de Urgencia/tratamiento farmacológico , Incontinencia Urinaria de Urgencia/inducido químicamente , Incontinencia Urinaria/etiología , Resultado del Tratamiento , Vejiga Urinaria Hiperactiva/etiología , Ensayos Clínicos Controlados Aleatorios como Asunto , Estudios Multicéntricos como Asunto
World J Urol ; 42(1): 34, 2024 Jan 13.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38217728


OBJECTIVE: To identify any self-reported differences or attitudes towards certification, publication, or practice patterns between adult urology and paediatric general surgery-trained paediatric urology providers. There are no known published differences in clinical/operative/research outcomes in either group. METHODS: An 18-item cross-sectional survey was compiled through the EAU Young Academic Urologists (YAU) office and disseminated to a trans-Atlantic convenience sample of current practising paediatric urologists. This was created using a mini-Delphi method to provide current semi-quantitative data relating to current opinions and attitudes of this cohort. RESULTS: A total of 228 respondents completed the survey, with female respondents representing 37% and 34% for urology and paediatric general surgery, respectively. Nearly 90% overall respondents felt that a full 2-year paediatric fellowship program was very important and 94% endorsed a collaborative dedicated paediatric urology on call service, with 92% supporting the joint development of transitional care. Urology managed higher numbers of bedwetting (p = 0.04), bladder bowel dysfunction (p = 0.02), endourological procedures (p = 0.04), and robotics (p = 0.04). Paediatric general surgery managed higher numbers of laparoscopic reconstruction (p = 0.03), and posterior urethral valve ablation (p = 0.002). CONCLUSION: This study represents the first time that a cross-sectional cohort of paediatric urologists from different training backgrounds were compared to assess their productivity, practice patterns and attitudes. Paediatric urology is in a unique position to have two contributing specialities, with the ability to provide optimal transitional and lifelong care. We believe that there should be a strong emphasis on collaboration and to remove any historically-created barriers under policies of equity, diversity and inclusivity.

Enfermedades Urológicas , Urología , Adulto , Humanos , Niño , Femenino , Urología/educación , Estudios Transversales , Urólogos , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
Cir. pediátr ; 37(1): 27-32, Ene. 2024. ilus, tab
Artículo en Español | IBECS | ID: ibc-228968


Objetivos: Definir los tipos de enuresis de los pacientes con vejiga hiperactiva (VH) y estudiar su respuesta al tratamiento vesical diurno. Material y métodos. Estudio prospectivo y multicéntrico: pacientes con VH y enuresis, tratados con anticolinérgicos o neuromodulación durante 3 meses (2019-2021). Recogimos variables obtenidas del calendario miccional, cuestionario PLUTSS (Pediatric Lower Urinary Tract Score System), y relacionadas con la enuresis. Generamos 2 grupos de estudio: enuresis primaria (EP) y enuresis secundaria (ES). Consideramos respuesta parcial enurética (RPE) a la reducción del valor de enuresis inicial en más de un 50% y respuesta completa (RCE) el 100%. Finalmente realizamos un análisis multivariante para detectar factores predictivos independientes de RCE. Resultados. Incluimos 152 pacientes con VH, 109 de los cuales presentaban enuresis (71,7%): 29 ES (26,7%) y 80 EP (73,3%). El valor PLUTSS fue mayor en pacientes con EP que en ES (20,8 vs. 17,2, p= 0,001.) La RPE y la RCE fueron significativamente mayores en el grupo de ES (55,2% vs. 15%, p= 0,000 en RPE y 48,3% vs. 5%, p= 0,000 en RCE). En el análisis multivariante se identificó que los pacientes con ES tienen una probabilidad de responder al tratamiento vesical diurno 50 veces superior que los pacientes con EP (OR 49,79, IC95% 6,73-36,8). Conclusiones. La mayoría de niños con VH tienen una EP y no secundaria, por lo que generalmente la enuresis de estos pacientes no responde al tratamiento vesical diurno. Es importante caracterizar el tipo de enuresis de los niños con VH para plantear su tratamiento de forma adecuada.(AU)

Objective: To define the types of overactive bladder (OAB) patient enuresis and study daytime bladder treatment response. Materials and methods. A prospective, multi-center study of OAB patients with enuresis treated with anticholinergics or neuromodulation over 3 months from 2019 to 2021 was carried out. Variables achieved from the voiding calendar and PLUTSS (Pediatric Lower Urinary Tract Score System), as well as enuresis-related variables, were collected. Two study groups were created – primary enuresis (PE) and secondary enuresis (SE). Partial enuretic response (PER) was defined as a >50% reduction in baseline enuresis, and complete enuretic response (CER) as a 100% reduction. A multivariate analysis was eventually conducted to detect CER independent predictive factors. Results. 152 OAB patients were included. 109 of them (71.7%) had enuresis – 29 (26.7%) SE and 80 (73.3%) PE. PLUTSS score was higher in PE patients than in SE patients (20.8 vs. 17.2; p= 0.001). PER and CER were significantly higher in the SE group (55.2% vs. 15%; p= 0.000 in PER, and 48.3% vs. 5%; p= 0.000 in CER). In the multivariate analysis, SE patients demonstrated to have a 50-fold increased probability of responding to daytime bladder treatment than PE patients (OR: 49.79; 95%CI: 6.73-36.8). Conclusions. Most OAB children have PE and not SE, which explains why enuresis does not typically respond to daytime bladder treatment. Characterizing the type of enuresis in OAB children is important to adequately approach treatment.(AU)

Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Niño , Vejiga Urinaria Hiperactiva/tratamiento farmacológico , Enuresis Diurna/tratamiento farmacológico , Estimulación Eléctrica Transcutánea del Nervio/métodos , Antagonistas Colinérgicos/administración & dosificación , Urología , Enfermedades Urológicas , Pediatría , Vejiga Urinaria Hiperactiva/diagnóstico , Estudios Longitudinales , España
J Healthc Qual ; 46(1): 12-21, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38166162


ABSTRACT: No previous works have analyzed whether the order in which surgical teams see patients on morning rounds affects discharge efficiency at teaching hospitals. We obtained perioperative urologic surgery timing data at our academic institution from 2014 to 2019. We limited the analysis to routine postoperative day 1 discharges. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to determine whether various hospital and patient factors were associated with discharge timing. We analyzed 1,494 patients. Average discharge order time was 11:22 a.m. and hospital discharge 1:24 p.m. Univariate regression revealed earlier discharge order time for patients seen later in rounds by 4 minutes per sequential room cluster (p = .013) and by 12 minutes per cluster when excluding short-stay patients. Multivariate analysis revealed discharge order placement did not vary significantly by rounding order. However, time of hospital discharge did (p < .001), likely due to speed of discharge in the designated short-stay units. Attending physician was the most consistent predictor in variations of discharge timing, with statistical significance across all measured outcomes. Patients seen later in rounding progression received earlier discharge orders, but this relationship does not remain in multivariate modeling or translate to earlier discharge. These findings have helped guide quality improvement efforts focused on discharge efficiency.

Alta del Paciente , Urología , Humanos , Hospitales de Enseñanza , Factores de Tiempo , Eficiencia Organizacional