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1.
PLoS One ; 16(4): e0249022, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33857159

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: COVID-19 threatens health systems worldwide, but Venezuela's system is particularly vulnerable. To prevent the spread of COVID-19, individuals must adopt preventive behaviors. However, to encourage behavior change, we must first understand current knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAPs) that inform response to this health threat. METHODS: We explored KAPs among Venezuelans using a cross-sectional, internet-based questionnaire. The questionnaire explored individuals' knowledge about COVID-19; their attitudes toward the world's and the Venezuelan authorities' abilities to control it; and their self-reported practices. We also collected demographic data. Binomial logistic regression analyses were used to predict the adoption of preventive behaviors based on demographic variables, individual knowledge level, and individual attitudes. RESULTS: 3122 individuals completed the questionnaire. Participants had a high level of knowledge about COVID-19. They expressed high levels of optimism that the world would eventually control COVID-19, but they were very pessimistic about the public authorities in Venezuela. Most participants adopted preventive practices. Binomial regression suggests younger people, less educated people, and manual laborers hold lower levels of knowledge, and these groups, as well as men, were less likely to adopt preventive practices. Knowledge, by itself, had no association with optimism and little association with self-reported practices. CONCLUSIONS: As other KAP studies in Latin America found, knowledge is not sufficient to prompt behavior change. Venezuelans' pessimism about their own country's ability should be explored in greater depth. Health promotion in Venezuela may wish to target the most at risk groups: men, younger people, less educated people, and manual laborers.


Asunto(s)
/epidemiología , Conocimientos, Actitudes y Práctica en Salud , Adulto , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Autoinforme , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Venezuela/epidemiología
2.
Zootaxa ; 4927(4): zootaxa.4927.4.8, 2021 Feb 16.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33756694

RESUMEN

A new species of Amplisegmentum Webb (Therevidae: Therevinae) is described from Venezuela, a previously monotypic genus otherwise known only from Ecuador. A revised diagnosis of the genus and a key to species is presented.


Asunto(s)
Dípteros , Animales , Venezuela
4.
Medwave ; 21(1): e8103, 2021 Feb 08.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33617522

RESUMEN

Introduction: International migration is a social determinant of health. The past decade has seen a large exodus of Venezuelans within Latin America, including Chile. In the past months, the world has been facing the SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus pandemic and its respiratory disease COVID-19. Objective: To explore what factors are associated with feeling prepared to face the COVID-19 pandemic among the Venezuelan population residing in Chile. Methods: Cross-sectional quantitative study with an opinion poll design. An online self-reported survey in Spanish and Creole was designed and piloted with experts and international migrants. It was disseminated to various international migrant groups through networks of migrant and pro-migrant organizations and the Chilean public health care network across the national territory. An effective sample size for analysis of 1690 participants was reached, of which 1008 (60%) were from Venezuela and included in this analysis. Feeling prepared to face the COVID-19 pandemic (yes/no) among Venezuelan migrants was described, as well as relevant variables like sex, level of education, length of stay, healthcare provision, anxiety or depression due to COVID-19, confinement, and evaluation of the quality of the information provided by the COVID-19 government. Results: 65% of the Venezuelan participants reported not feeling prepared for the pandemic. Compared to Venezuelan migrants who feel prepared to face the COVID-19 pandemic, migrants who reported not feeling prepared were in a higher proportion female, with secondary education level, had arrived in Chile in the past year, do not have a job but want to work, and belong to the public healthcare provision. Discussion: Receiving good quality information on the pandemic and mental health symptoms are important factors associated with feeling prepared to face COVID-19 in Venezuelan migrants in Chile, suggesting that increased attention towards the physical and mental health of Venezuelan migrants in Chile and the region is needed.


Asunto(s)
Actitud Frente a la Salud , Migrantes/psicología , Adulto , Chile , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Opinión Pública , Venezuela/etnología
5.
J Environ Manage ; 284: 112032, 2021 Apr 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33545453

RESUMEN

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) encourage nations to substantially increase food production to achieve zero hunger (SDG 2) while preserving life on land (SDG 15). A key question is how to reconcile these potentially competing goals spatially. We use integer linear programming to develop an 'integrated land use planning framework' that identifies the optimal allocation of 17 crops under different hypothetical conservation targets while meeting agricultural demands by 2030. Intensifying existing cropland to maximum yield before allocating new cropland would reduce land requirement by 43% versus cropland expansion without intensification. Even with yield gap closure, tropical and sub-tropical crops still require expansion, primarily allocated to Venezuela, eastern Brazil, Congo Basin, Myanmar and Indonesia. Enforcement of protected areas, via avoiding conversion in 75% of Key Biodiversity Areas and 65% of intact areas, is vital to attain biodiversity targets but bears large opportunity costs, with agricultural rents dropping from $4.1 to $2.8 trillion. Although nationally constrained forest conservation efforts would earn 9% less agricultural rents compared to globally coordinated conservation solutions, they were also able to reduce intact habitat and forest loss (43% and 35% reduction). Our results demonstrate that careful choice of the allocation of future cropland expansion, could dramatically reduce-but not eliminate-the tradeoffs between the SDGs for food production and land biodiversity conservation.


Asunto(s)
Conservación de los Recursos Naturales , Desarrollo Sostenible , Agricultura , Biodiversidad , Brasil , Objetivos , Hambre , Indonesia , Venezuela
6.
PLoS One ; 16(2): e0247196, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33606828

RESUMEN

SARS-CoV-2 is the new coronavirus responsible for COVID-19 disease. The first two cases of COVID-19 were detected in Venezuela on March 13, 2020. The aim of this study was the genetic characterization of Venezuelan SARS-CoV-2 isolates. A total of 7 full SARS-CoV-2 genome sequences were obtained by Sanger sequencing, from patients of different regions of Venezuela, mainly from the beginning of the epidemic. Ten out of 11 isolates (6 complete genomes and 4 partial spike genomic regions) belonged to lineage B, bearing the D614G mutation in the Spike protein. Isolates from the first outbreak that occurred in the Margarita Island harbored an in-frame deletion in its sequence, without amino acids 83-85 of the NSP1 of the ORF1. The search for deletions in 48,635 sequences showed that the NSP1 gene exhibit the highest frequency of deletions along the whole genome. Structural analysis suggests a change in the N-terminal domain with the presence of this deletion. In contrast, isolates circulating later in this island lacked the deletion, suggesting new introductions to the island after this first outbreak. In conclusion, a high diversity of SARS-CoV-2 isolates were found circulating in Venezuela, with predominance of the D614G mutation. The first small outbreak in Margarita Island seemed to be associated with a strain carrying a small deletion in the NSP1 protein, but these isolates do not seem to be responsible for the larger outbreak which started in July.


Asunto(s)
/genética , Variación Genética , Genoma Viral , Filogenia , Proteínas no Estructurales Virales/genética , Humanos , Dominios Proteicos , Venezuela
7.
J Environ Manage ; 278(Pt 2): 111543, 2021 Jan 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33157467

RESUMEN

Protected areas (PAs) are dedicated and managed to achieve long-term conservation of nature with associated ecosystem services and cultural values. However, few studies have assessed contamination/pollution, one of the top five biodiversity threats, within these areas. In fact, more than 100,000 molecules used in consumer goods are potentially affecting over 250,000 protected areas distributed worldwide. As a result, chemical appraisal within PAs require specific approaches to be feasible. Herein, an approach for assessment of contamination in marine protected areas (MPAs) spread over large continental and/or global areas was proposed and tested using, as a case study, the impact of tributyltin (TBT) within Latin America. This approach included area delimitation, bibliographic survey, construction of attribute tables, data insertion in a Geographic Information System, overlapping with worldwide shapefiles of PAs, identification of affected PAs and evaluation of impacts using the outcomes against specific environmental quality guidelines/directives. A total of 259 records of TBT occurrence and/or its biological effect within 53 marine protected areas (including biosphere reserves, Ramsar sites and National parks) were gathered. Among affected species, were recorded 18 gastropods exhibiting imposex. In addition, 6 bivalves, 1 crustacean, and 3 fish species presenting TBT residues in tissues were seen in MPAs from Brazil, Argentina, Ecuador, Peru, Chile and Venezuela. Since levels of TBT recorded in several studied MPAs were enough do induce deleterious biological responses over marine biota, it was clear that conservancy goals of some "protected" areas are under threat. Considering that only TBT exposure was appraised, and these areas are likely to be concomitantly exposed to other classes of contaminants, the actual scenario can be even more frightening. Although initially applied as a TBT case study, the present approach enables an overview for other chemicals within protected areas worldwide.


Asunto(s)
Ecosistema , Contaminantes Químicos del Agua , Animales , Argentina , Brasil , Chile , Ecuador , Monitoreo del Ambiente , América Latina , Perú , Compuestos de Trialquiltina , Venezuela , Contaminantes Químicos del Agua/análisis
8.
Lima; Organismo Andino de Salud Convenio Hipólito Unanue; 44; 20210000. 40 p. (Situación Actual de la Pandemia Covid-19 a Nivel Mundial y en los Países Andinos, 44, 44).
Monografía en Español | LILACS, LIPECS | ID: biblio-1145910

RESUMEN

Consolidado de la situación epidemiológica de la COVID-19 en los países de la Región Andina (Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Perú y Venezuela) y a nivel mundial al 11 de enero de 2021.


Asunto(s)
Infecciones por Coronavirus , Perú , Venezuela , Bolivia , Chile , Colombia , Ecuador
9.
Av. odontoestomatol ; 36(4): 186-190, sept.-dic. 2020. tab
Artículo en Español | IBECS | ID: ibc-198588

RESUMEN

OBJETIVO: El objetivo de la presente investigación está enfocado en evaluar la calidad de vida relacionada con la salud oral en una población venezolana en el Perú. MATERIAL Y METODOS: Se trata de un estudio analítico transversal realizado entre los meses de setiembre a noviembre del 2019 a la población de nacionalidad venezolana. Participaron un total de 880 nacionales venezolanos quienes participaron voluntariamente del estudio, de los cuales 45.9% (379) eran de sexo femenino y 54.1% (501) de sexo masculino. Se realizó un examen clínico a fin de determinar las variables clínicas: el índice CPOD, el índice de higiene oral y el índice gingival. Para evaluar la calidad de vida relacionada con la salud oral se utilizó el Perfil de Impacto en la Salud Oral OHIP-14 que consta de 49 preguntas agrupadas en 7 dimensiones que son la limitación funcional, dolor físico, disconfort psicológico, incapacidad física, incapacidad psicológica, incapacidad física y en desventaja. Para si se da un puntaje de 1 y no 0. Así, a un mayor puntaje se obtiene la calidad de vida es peor. RESULTADOS: La relación de la calidad de vida con salud se verifica que un total del 27% (116.869) fueron respuestas positivas y un 72% (31,434) respuestas negativas. CONCLUSIONES: En relación a la calidad de vida relacionada con la salud oral se obtuvo que la población estudiada tiene buena calidad de vida, representada por más de la mitad de los encuestados


AIM: The objective of the present investigation is focused one valuating the quality of life related to oral health in a Venezuelan population in Peru. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This is a cross-sectional analytical study carried out between the months of September and November of 2019 to the population of Venezuelan nationality. A total of 880 Venezuelan nationals participated who voluntarily participated in the study, of which 45.9% (379) were female and 54.1% (501) male. A clinical examination was performed to determine the clinical variables: the CPOD index, the oral hygiene index and the gingival index. To assess the quality of life related to oral health, check the OHIP-14 Oral Health Impact Profile, which consists of 49 questions grouped into 7 dimensions that are functional limitation, physical pain, psychological distress, physical disability, psychological disability, physical and disadvantaged disability For itself a score of 1 is given and not 0. Thus, a higher score gets the quality of life is worse. RESULTS: The relationship of quality of life with health verifies that a total of 27% (116,869) were positive responses and 72% (31,434) negative responses. CONCLUSIONS: Regarding the quality of life related to oral health, it was obtained that the population studied has a good quality of life, represented by more than half of the respondents


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Salud Bucal , Calidad de Vida , Encuestas de Salud Bucal , Emigrantes e Inmigrantes/estadística & datos numéricos , Enfermedades de las Encías/epidemiología , Perú/epidemiología , Venezuela/epidemiología , Estudios Transversales , Higiene Bucal
10.
Psicooncología (Pozuelo de Alarcón) ; 17(2): 239-253, jul.-dic. 2020.
Artículo en Español | IBECS | ID: ibc-199114

RESUMEN

OBJETIVO: El objetivo de la investigación fue determinar las relaciones entre el distrés psicológico, el miedo a la recurrencia del Cáncer (MRC) y la calidad de vida relacionada con la salud (CDVRS) en pacientes sobrevivientes de cáncer de mama venezolanas. MÉTODO: El estudio fue de corte correlacional y participaron 203 pacientes sobrevivientes de Cáncer de mama, de edades entre 24 y 75 años. Se emplearon las escalas de Ansiedad y Depresión Hospitalaria (HADS), de preocupaciones relacionadas con el Cáncer y de salud global SF - 12 versión 2. RESULTADOS: Se reportaron niveles bajos de distrés psicológico, aunque con predominio de niveles medios de ansiedad y de MRC. La prevalencia de ansiedad elevada fue de 23%, de depresión elevada de 7%, de distrés psicológico de 18% y de MRC de 36%. El distres psicológico y MRC correlacionaron de forma positiva y significativa, aunque con fuerza de baja a moderada. La CDVRS estuvo en un rango normal y correlacionó de forma inversa y significativa con el distrés psicológico así como también con el MRC. CONCLUSIÓN: El distrés psicológico se encuentra asociado, aunque no en gran magnitud, con el MRC y que ambos se asocian con un deterioro de la CDVRS en las pacientes sobrevivientes de Cáncer de mama venezolanas. Además, el MRC y la CDVRS correlacionaron de forma positiva, baja y significativa con el tiempo de supervivencia de las pacientes


The objetivo of the following study was to determine the relationships between psychological distress, fear of cancer recurrence (FCR) and health - related quality of life (HQoL) in Venezuelan breast cancer survivors. The study was with a correlational cut, 203 breast cancer survivors between the age of 24 and 75 participated. METHOD: The scales of Hospital Anxiety and Depression (HADS), Cancer- related Worry and Global Health SF - 12 version 2 were used. RESULTS: Low levels of psychological distress were reported, but with a predominance of means levels of anxiety and FCR. The prevalence of high anxiety was 23%, depression 7% an FCR 36%. Psychological distrees and FCR correlated positively and significantly, although with low to moderate. HQoL was in a normal range and correlated inversely and significantly with psychological distress, as well as with FCR. CONCLUSION: The psychological distress and MRC are associated, but although not in large magnitude, and that both are associated with a deterioration of HQoL in Venezuelan breast cancer survivors. FCR nd HQoL correlated positively and significantly with time survival of patients


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Femenino , Adulto Joven , Adulto , Persona de Mediana Edad , Anciano , Recurrencia Local de Neoplasia/psicología , Neoplasias de la Mama/psicología , Calidad de Vida/psicología , Estrés Psicológico , Depresión/psicología , Ansiedad/psicología , Miedo/psicología , Factores Socioeconómicos , Venezuela
12.
Bol. méd. postgrado ; 36(2): 7-20, dic.2020. tab, ilus
Artículo en Español | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1117892

RESUMEN

El presente estudio fue realizado para desarrollar una reflexión crítica acerca de la formación médica en la Venezuela del siglo XXI, interpretando realidades y consecuencias desde las voces de médicos expertos y jóvenes graduados formados en la Universidad Centroccidental Lisandro Alvarado (UCLA). Es un estudio desde el paradigma cualitativo en la modalidad crítica interpretativa, la ruta metodológica fue la hermenéutica crítica y el análisis crítico del discurso. Se utilizó el muestreo intencional y la entrevista para recopilar la narrativa de los actores sociales, categorizándola e interpretándola contrastando voces de actores, teóricos y el autor como instrumento heurístico. Los resultados indican que la formación médica socializa el paradigma biomédico cuantitativo como opción única y válida en la producción de conocimiento y en el mundo académico, con un enfoque evolucionista, organicista, positivista y racional que fragmenta al ser humano. Esta formación académica se cumple en un sistema educativo dual: las universidades autónomas y la universidad bolivariana revolucionaria, con profundas diferencias entre ellas que generan perfiles de egresados contradictorios. La formación del futuro médico implica desarrollar el saber, el saber hacer, saber ser profesional y saber convivir. En conclusión, la formación médica debe cumplirse en centros universitarios calificados y certificados; sus egresados deben ser de alto perfil científico, tecnológico y humanístico los cuales deben dar respuestas pertinentes y oportunas a los problemas de salud de la población venezolana(AU)


This study was conducted to develop a reflective critic about medical training in Venezuela in the 21st century interpreting thoughts from the voices of expert doctors and young graduates from the Universidad Centroccidental Lisandro Alvarado (UCLA). This is a qualitative sociocritical study using critical hermeneutics and critical analysis of speech. Intentional sampling and interviewing was used to collect the narrative of the medical professionals. The results shows that medical training socializes the quantitative biomedical paradigm as the only valid option in the production of knowledge and in the academic world, with an evolutionist, organicist, rational and positivist approach, which divides the human being in parts. In Venezuela, a dual educational system exists: autonomous universities and the Bolivarian University with deep differences between them, which generate conflicting graduate profiles. Training of the future doctors implies developing medical knowledge, the know-how, learning how to be a professional and coexist with others. In conclusion, medical training must be performed in qualified and certified university centers; their graduates should have high scientific, technological and humanistic profiles which will allow them to provide pertinent and timely answers to the health problems of the Venezuelan population(AU)


Asunto(s)
Facultades de Medicina , Estudiantes de Medicina , Medicina General , Venezuela , Programas de Estudio , Historia de la Medicina
13.
BMJ Open ; 10(12): e042869, 2020 12 12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33310811

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: To summarise the occurrence of congenital Zika syndrome (CZS) in Latin America and the Caribbean from 2015 to 2017 using two outcome measures derived from infectious disease surveillance reports and to assess the completeness of these reports. DESIGN: Surveillance study. SETTING: Pan American Health Organization (PAHO)/WHO epidemiology reports on confirmed and suspected Zika virus infection and cases of CZS. PARTICIPANTS: Populations of 47 countries in the South and Central Americas, Mexico and the Caribbean. PRIMARY AND SECONDARY OUTCOME MEASURES: The number of CZS cases per 1000 births (using 2016-2017 births as a denominator) and the number of CZS cases per 1000 births in women with Zika virus infection during pregnancy. RESULTS: By 4 January 2018, 548623 suspected and 239063 confirmed Zika virus infections had been reported to PAHO/WHO from 47 countries. In 25 countries, over 80% of infections were reported as suspected. There were 3617 confirmed CZS cases in 25 countries; 2952 (82%) had occurred in Brazil. The number of CZS cases per 1000 births varied considerably with Brazil and several Caribbean island communities (Puerto Rico, St Martin, Martinique, Guadeloupe and Grenada) having the highest CZS prevalence above 0.5 per 1000 births. Analysing the number of CZS cases per 1000 births in women infected with Zika virus during their pregnancy highlighted the inaccuracies of the data, with Venezuela likely to have had severe under-reporting of CZS. CONCLUSIONS: Expressing data on CZS in relation to total births, rather than as absolute numbers, better illustrates the burden of disease, providing that under-reporting of CZS is not too severe. Data on infections in pregnant women enable potential under-reporting of CZS to be identified. Both measures are recommended for future PAHO/WHO publications. Evidence of severe under-reporting of Zika virus infections and CZS makes interpretation of the data and comparisons between countries challenging.


Asunto(s)
Enfermedades Transmisibles , Epidemias , Microcefalia , Complicaciones Infecciosas del Embarazo , Infección por el Virus Zika , Virus Zika , Brasil , Femenino , Grenada/epidemiología , Humanos , Recién Nacido , América Latina/epidemiología , Martinica/epidemiología , México/epidemiología , Microcefalia/epidemiología , Embarazo , Complicaciones Infecciosas del Embarazo/epidemiología , Puerto Rico/epidemiología , Venezuela/epidemiología , Infección por el Virus Zika/epidemiología
14.
Global Health ; 16(1): 118, 2020 12 17.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33334370

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Since 2016 Venezuela has seen a collapse in its economy and public health infrastructure resulting in a humanitarian crisis and massive outward migration. With the emergence of the novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 at the end of 2019, the public health emergency within its borders and in neighboring countries has become more severe and as increasing numbers of Venezuelans migrants return home or get stuck along migratory routes, new risks are emerging in the region. RESULTS: Despite clear state obligations to respect, protect and fulfil the rights to health and related economic, social, civil and political rights of its population, in Venezuela, co-occurring malaria and COVID-19 epidemics are propelled by a lack of public investment in health, weak governance, and violations of human rights, especially for certain underserved populations like indigenous groups. COVID-19 has put increased pressure on Venezuelan and regional actors and healthcare systems, as well as international public health agencies, to deal with a domestic and regional public health emergency. CONCLUSIONS: International aid and cooperation for Venezuela to deal with the re-emergence of malaria and the COVID-19 spread, including lifting US-enforced economic sanctions that limit Venezuela's capacity to deal with this crisis, is critical to protecting rights and health in the country and region.


Asunto(s)
/prevención & control , Emigración e Inmigración/estadística & datos numéricos , Derechos Humanos/normas , Malaria/transmisión , /epidemiología , Recesión Económica/estadística & datos numéricos , Derechos Humanos/tendencias , Humanos , Malaria/epidemiología , Refugiados/estadística & datos numéricos , Venezuela/epidemiología
16.
Clin Dermatol ; 38(6): 744-749, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33341208

RESUMEN

In the second half of the 20th century, an important series of scientific and sociopolitical events took place in Venezuela. These developments were related to changes in the world and particularly in the United States. In dermatology, beneficial and marked advances germinated and grew. They were propelled in Venezuela by particular characteristics in the local development of this specialty and critically by personal features of two major leaders, Dr Francisco Kerdel-Vegas, who died June 18, 2020, at the age of 92, and Dr Jacinto Convit, who died in 2014 at the age of 101. The interaction of these two cooperating leaders and the scientific and social environment with which they acted are presented.


Asunto(s)
Dermatología/historia , Dermatología/tendencias , Historia del Siglo XX , Historia del Siglo XXI , Humanos , Masculino , Estados Unidos , Venezuela
17.
Medisur ; 18(6): 1246-1249, nov.-dic. 2020.
Artículo en Español | LILACS | ID: biblio-1149428

RESUMEN

RESUMEN La Universidad de las Ciencias de la Salud de Venezuela se establece de forma legal, como centro formador, años después de la gestión del Programa Nacional de Formación en Medicina Integral Comunitaria y el Programa Nacional de Formación Avanzada en Medicina General Integral. Las bases legales, teóricas y metodológicas de esta se sustentan en el proyecto Alma Mater y, de manera particular, en las experiencias normativas, metodológicas, didácticas e instrumentales de estos dos programas. Como universidad médica inmersa en la generación de modelos de formación que garanticen egresados transformadores de los problemas sociales, ha contribuido -a consideración de los autores de este artículo- con la Educación Médica en lo siguiente: enseñanza en el servicio asistencial y educación en el colectivo laboral, desarrollo de nuevas formas de organización de la enseñanza, trabajo metodológico desde una visión integradora de los niveles organizativos del proceso docente educativo y concepción del Servicio Comunitario Estudiantil como actividad de investigación, integración de saberes y transformación comunitaria permanente. La Universidad de las Ciencias de la Salud ha enriquecido las concepciones formativas que regulan el proceso docente educativo en las universidades encargadas de egresar profesionales para los Sistemas Públicos de Salud.


ABSTRACT The University of Health Sciences of Venezuela is legally established, as a training center, years after the management of the National Training Program in Integral Community Medicine and the National Advanced Training Program in Integral General Medicine. Its legal, theoretical and methodological bases are based on the conceptions of the Alma Mater project and, in particular, on the normative, methodological, didactic and instrumental experiences of these programs. As a medical university, immersed in the generation of training models that guarantee transformative graduates of social problems, it has contributed - to the authors of this article - with the Medical Education in the following contributions: education of students in and by the work team, teaching of the profession from the assistance service, development of new forms of organization of teaching, methodological work from an integrative vision of the organizational levels of the educational teaching process and the conception of the Student Community Service as a research activity, integration of knowledge and permanent community transformation. This University has enriched the training conceptions that regulate the teaching learning process in the university that train professionals for Public Health Systems.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Adulto , Facultades de Medicina , Ciencias de la Salud/educación , Venezuela , Educación Médica
18.
BMC Public Health ; 20(1): 1771, 2020 Nov 23.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33228642

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Guaranteeing the sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR) of populations living in fragile and humanitarian settings is essential and constitutes a basic human right. Compounded by the inherent vulnerabilities of women in crises, substantial complications are directly associated with increased risks of poor SRHR outcomes for displaced populations. The migration of Venezuelans, displaced due to current economic circumstances, is one of the largest in Latin America's history. This study aims to provide an overview of the sexual and reproductive health (SRH) issues affecting migrant Venezuelan women in the state of Roraima, Brazil. METHODS: Face-to-face interviews were conducted from 24 to 30 November 2019. Data collection covered various issues involving access to and use of SRH services by 405 migrant Venezuelan women aged 18-49 years. The Minimum Initial Service Package readiness assessment tools, available from the Inter-Agency Working Group on Reproductive Health in Crises, were used in the data collection. RESULTS: Most commonly, the women reported unmet family planning needs. Of these, a significant proportion reported being unable to obtain contraceptive methods, particularly long-acting reversible contraceptives, either due to the woman's inability to access them or their unavailability at healthcare centres. Although a significant proportion of women were largely satisfied with the attention received at the maternity hospital, both before and during childbirth, 24.0% of pregnant or postpartum women failed to receive any prenatal or postnatal care. CONCLUSION: Meeting the essential SRHR needs of migrant Venezuelan women in Roraima, Brazil is a challenge that has yet to be fully addressed. Given the size of this migrant population, the Brazilian healthcare system has failed to adapt sufficiently to meet their needs; however, problems with healthcare provision are similar for migrants and Brazilian citizens. Efforts need to be encouraged not only in governmental health sectors, but also with academic, non-governmental and international organisations, including a coordinated approach to ensure a comprehensive SRHR response. Given the current high risks associated with the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic, meeting the SRHR needs of migrant populations has become more critical than ever.


Asunto(s)
Salud Materna/estadística & datos numéricos , Migrantes/estadística & datos numéricos , Brasil , Femenino , Necesidades y Demandas de Servicios de Salud , Humanos , Embarazo , Salud Reproductiva , Derechos Sexuales y Reproductivos , Salud Sexual , Venezuela/etnología
19.
Biomedica ; 40(Supl. 2): 68-72, 2020 10 30.
Artículo en Inglés, Español | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33152189

RESUMEN

Despite the positive response of Colombia's health system to the arrival of Venezuelan migrants, the new challenges that accompany the COVID-19 pandemic have triggered a closed-borders response that runs the risk of encouraging a negative view of migrants and increasing their health risks. This manuscript discusses the recommendations that could be proposed in the case of a country with limited resources such as Colombia to respond to the needs of the Venezuelan mixed migrant flows.


Asunto(s)
Betacoronavirus , Infecciones por Coronavirus/prevención & control , Emigración e Inmigración/legislación & jurisprudencia , Pandemias/prevención & control , Neumonía Viral/prevención & control , Migrantes , Colombia/epidemiología , Infecciones por Coronavirus/epidemiología , Desinfección de las Manos , Disparidades en Atención de Salud , Humanos , Neumonía Viral/epidemiología , Salud Pública/legislación & jurisprudencia , Política Pública , Cuarentena , Venezuela/etnología , Poblaciones Vulnerables
20.
Washington; D.C.; OPS; 2020-11-16. (OPS/PHE/HEO/20-0044).
No convencional en Español | PAHO-IRIS | ID: phr-53028

RESUMEN

La finalidad de este documento de información es presentar información actualizada sobre la respuesta que ha brindado la Oficina Sanitaria Panamericana (la Oficina) desde noviembre del 2016 hasta julio del 2020 a fin de mantener una agenda eficaz de cooperación técnica en la República Bolivariana de Venezuela y en los Estados Miembros vecinos.


Asunto(s)
Infecciones por Coronavirus , Coronavirus , Infecciones por Coronavirus , Transmisión de Enfermedad Infecciosa , Pandemias , Enfermedades Transmisibles , Enfermedades no Transmisibles , Enfermedad Crónica , Salud Mental , Factores de Riesgo , Acceso a Medicamentos Esenciales y Tecnologías Sanitarias , Cooperación Técnica , Hipertensión , Diabetes Mellitus , Creación de Capacidad , Urgencias Médicas , Venezuela
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