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1.
J. Health Biol. Sci. (Online) ; 10(1): 1-4, 01/jan./2022. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1370925

RESUMO

Introduction: orofacial clefts are common congenital malformations with an important social, psychological, and economic impact. The treatment of this condition may include different surgical procedures that previously require an adequate oral condition. Case report: we report a case of dental treatment before palatoplasty in a male patient of 17 years-old with bilateral cleft lip and palate and lesion in the jugal mucosa. Final considerations: the adequacy of the oral environment is a fundamental step in the treatment of patients with orofacial clefts and aims to restore oral health regardless of the degree of complexity of the dental treatment through the reduction of the pathogenic microbiota, elimination of retentive niches, instructions on diet and adequate oral hygiene and constant patient motivation.


Objetivos: as fissuras orofaciais são malformações congênitas comuns, com importante impacto social, psicológico e econômico. O tratamento dessa condição pode incluir vários procedimentos cirúrgicos que requerem previamente uma adequada condição bucal. Relato de caso: Relatamos o caso de tratamento odontológico prévio a palatoplastia em um paciente do gênero masculino de 17 anos de idade, com fissura transforame incisivo bilateral e lesão em mucosa jugal. Considerações finais: A adequação do meio bucal é uma etapa fundamental no tratamento de pacientes com fissuras orofaciais e visa restabelecer a saúde bucal independente do grau de complexidade do tratamento odontológico por meio da redução da microbiota patogênica, eliminação de nichos retentivos, orientações sobre dieta e higiene bucal adequada e motivação constante do paciente.


Assuntos
Fissura Palatina , Higiene Bucal , Palato , Fenda Labial , Cissus , Cárie Dentária , Fissura , Reabilitação Bucal
2.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Online) ; 43(3): 54-60, set.-dez. 2022. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1381314

RESUMO

The aim of this study is to report a clinical case of a patient with Cushing's syndrome, low self-esteem and need for oral rehabilitation. A 50-year-old female patient with hypercortisolism sought care at School of Dentistry of the Federal University of Minas Gerais. During anamnesis, the patient reported painful symptoms and mobility of the upper and lower teeth. On clinical examination, absence of many teeth were observed, periodontal disease and caries lesions. After discussion of the case, the planning involved the extraction of all teeth, and the preparation of Maxillary Immediate Complete Dentures (ICD's) and Immediate Mandibular Implant-retained Overdenture (IMIO). The treatment proposed allowed the restored aesthetics, phonetics and chewing(AU)


O objetivo desse estudo é relatar um caso clínico de uma paciente com síndrome de Cushing, baixa autoestima e necessidade de reabilitação oral. Paciente do sexo feminino, 50 anos de idade e com hipercortisolismo, procurou atendimento na Faculdade de Odontologia da Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais. Durante a anamnese, a paciente relatou sintomas dolorosos e mobilidade dos dentes superiores e inferiores. No exame clínico, foi observada a ausência de muitos dentes, doença periodontal e lesões cariosas. Após a discussão do caso, o planejamento envolveu a extração de todos os dentes, e o preparo de Prótese Total Imediata maxilar (PTI), e Overdenture Implantorretida Imediata mandibular. O tratamento proposto permitiu que restaurasse a estética, fonética e mastigação(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Síndrome de Cushing , Prótese Total Imediata , Doenças Periodontais , Extração Dentária , Cárie Dentária , Prótese Total , Revestimento de Dentadura , Estética Dentária
3.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 21: e226341, jan.-dez. 2022. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1354797

RESUMO

Treatment of dental caries in children still remains challenging due to lack of cooperation with conventional treatment modalities. Recently, the use of Silver Diamine Fluoride (SDF) has proved useful in addressing this challenge. Aim: This clinical trial aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of Silver Diamine Fluoride (SDF) in arresting caries in children in Lagos, Nigeria. Methods: This was a phase III balanced randomized controlled school based interventional study on 240 children. The study group was treated with SDF while GIC was used in the control group. Follow up visits in 2 weeks, 1 month, and 3 months were carried out to assess the treatment outcome. Inferential statistics with the use of Pearson Chi-square test and Independent Student t-test were used at 5% level of significance. Results: There was significant relationship between SDF and caries arrest in 2 weeks, 1 month and 3 months' assessment period (p = 0.001). The control group showed continuous decline (71.7%, 54.3% and 50.9%) in restorative success from 2 weeks to 3 months respectively. The mean ± SD and Confidence Interval (CI) of arrested caries in the SDF group were 113± 1.24 and 113.1 ­ 113.5 respectively. In the control group the mean ± SD and CI of restorative success were 69.3±11.8 and 67.2 ­ 71.4. The effect size was 5.24. Conclusion: The result of the study showed that SDF was effective in arresting caries in children without any harm and there was statistically significant difference in the use of 38% SDF in arresting caries in children


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pré-Escolar , Criança , Criança , Fluoretos Tópicos , Cárie Dentária , Cimentos de Ionômeros de Vidro
4.
Rev. flum. odontol ; 3(59): 75-84, set.-dez. 2022.
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1380721

RESUMO

As doenças periodontais provém de processo inflamatório instalado com concomitante destruição dos tecidos de proteção e de sustentação dos dentes. Comumente evidencia-se o acometimento em caráter reversível pela gengivite e em caráter irreversível pela periodontite. Algumas ocorrências relacionadas a doenças bucais provenientes das atividades laborais desempenhadas podem ocasionar manifestações bucais com o acometimento pelas doenças periodontais. O objetivo deste artigo foi evidenciar como as atividades desempenhadas no ato da execução do trabalho podem manifestar-se em âmbito odontológico, promovendo o acometimento pelas doenças periodontais. Realizou-se estudo de revisão narrativa de literatura com busca nas bases de dados: PubMED, LILACS, Google Acadêmico e levantamento de estudos e artigos que tratavam do aparecimento de doenças periodontais em trabalhadores advindas do seu ambiente laboral. No geral, muitos problemas bucais podem advir de atividades insalubres desempenhadas no ambiente de trabalho, estas que podem afligir tanto os tecidos duros como os tecidos moles dos elementos dentais, dentre os quais pode-se constatar a instalação de cárie dentária, neoplasias orais e pigmentação do tecido gengival, entre outras intercorrências. Na hipótese de ocorrer acometimento dos tecidos moles, uma das manifestações possíveis engloba a instalação e a progressão das doenças periodontais. Concluiu-se que uma abordagem odontológica precoce e preventiva atuante no ambiente laboral é imprescindível para que seja possível evitar-se agravantes que possam causar prejuízo ao estado de saúde bucal dos trabalhadores, incluindo o estado de saúde periodontal.


Periodontal diseases come from an inflammatory process installed with concomitant destruction of the protective and supporting tissues of the teeth. Commonly, reversible involvement by gingivitis and irreversible character by periodontitis is evident. Some occurrences related to oral diseases from work activities performed can cause oral manifestations with the involvement of periodontal diseases. The objective of this article was to show how the activities performed in the execution of the work can be manifested in the dental field, promoting the involvement of periodontal diseases. A narrative review of the literature was carried out with a search in the following databases: PubMED, LILACS, Google Scholar and a survey of studies and articles dealing with the appearance of periodontal diseases in workers arising from their work environment. In general, many oral problems can result from unhealthy activities performed in the work environment, which can affect both hard and soft tissues of the dental elements, among which dental caries, oral neoplasms and pigmentation can be seen. gingival tissue, among other complications. In the event of soft tissue involvement, one of the possible manifestations includes the onset and progression of periodontal diseases. It was concluded that an early and preventive dental approach active in the work environment is essential so that it is possible to avoid aggravating factors that may harm the oral health status of workers, including the periodontal health status.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35954827

RESUMO

Human exposure to indoor pollution is one of the most well-established ways that housing affects health. We conducted a review to document evidence on the morbidity and mortality outcomes associated with indoor household exposures in children and adults in South Africa. The authors conducted a scientific review of the publicly available literature up to April 2022 using different search engines (PubMed, ProQuest, Science Direct, Scopus and Google Scholar) to identify the literature that assessed the link between indoor household exposures and morbidity and mortality outcomes in children and adults. A total of 16 studies with 16,920 participants were included. Bioaerosols, allergens, dampness, tobacco smoking, household cooking and heating fuels, particulate matter, gaseous pollutants and indoor spray residue play a significant role in different morbidity outcomes. These health outcomes include dental caries, asthma, tuberculosis, severe airway inflammation, airway blockage, wheeze, rhinitis, bronchial hyperresponsiveness, phlegm on the chest, current rhinoconjunctivitis, hay fever, poor early life immune function, hypertensive disorders of pregnancy, gestational hypertension, and increased incidence of nasopharyngeal bacteria, which may predispose people to lower respiratory tract infections. The findings of this research highlight the need for more initiatives, programs, strategies, and policies to better reduce the negative consequences of indoor household exposures.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Poluição do Ar em Ambientes Fechados , Cárie Dentária , Adulto , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Poluição do Ar em Ambientes Fechados/efeitos adversos , Poluição do Ar em Ambientes Fechados/análise , Criança , Culinária , Humanos , Morbidade , África do Sul/epidemiologia
6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35954916

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Early Childhood Caries (ECC) is a prevalent chronic pathology, and it has a negative impact on the oral and general health of the child patient. AIM: To evaluate the knowledge, attitudes and practices of Spanish paediatricians regarding early childhood caries according to the professional's years of experience. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cross-sectional questionnaire was conducted by Spanish paediatricians via WhatsApp and e-mails from January to April 2021. Data were analysed using Chi-squared test, Fisher's exact test and Cramer's V test. RESULTS: There were a total of 359 participants. Most respondents were women (81.3%) with up to 10 years of professional experience (31.2%) in primary health care and public health. In most cases, participants had an excellent knowledge of primary dentition (90.8%), but they ignored (56%) when the first visit to the dentist should occur. Regarding the aetiological factors of caries, oral hygiene and prevention, a lower rate of knowledge was observed. The majority of participants (80.8%) were not able to identify white spot lesions and enamel defects (76%). They considered that their knowledge in oral health was deficient, highlighting the need to increase their training. Less experienced paediatricians were found to have higher success rates. CONCLUSIONS: The level of knowledge and attitudes regarding early childhood caries of the evaluated paediatricians should be improved. Paediatricians had difficulties in identifying early caries lesions and enamel defects. Nevertheless, a higher level of knowledge and positive attitudes towards dental caries has been detected among paediatricians with fewer years of professional experience.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Saúde Bucal , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos Transversais , Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Cárie Dentária/prevenção & controle , Feminino , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Pediatras
7.
BMC Oral Health ; 22(1): 333, 2022 08 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35941635

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Vitamin D deficiency has been associated with autoimmune diseases and oral health. Knowledge about the association between vitamin D status and oral conditions in JIA is limited. We aimed to investigate vitamin D status in a cohort of Norwegian children and adolescents with JIA and possible associations between serum vitamin D levels, clinical indicators of oral health, and JIA disease characteristics. METHODS: This multi-center, cross-sectional study, included individuals with JIA aged 4-16 years from three geographically spread regions in Norway. Demographic data, age at disease onset, disease duration, JIA category, disease status, medication, and vitamin D intake were registered. One blood sample per individual was analyzed for 25(OH) vitamin D, and the level of insufficiency was defined as < 50 nmol/L. A clinical oral examination was performed applying commonly used indices in epidemiological studies of dental caries, dental erosion, enamel defects, gingival bleeding, and oral hygiene. Serum vitamin D was used as exposure variable in multivariable regression analyses to estimate the associations between insufficient vitamin D level, JIA disease status, and oral conditions, with adjustments for age, sex, geographical region, BMI, seasonal blood sampling, and parental education. RESULTS: Among the 223 participants with JIA, 97.3% were Caucasians, 59.2% were girls, and median age was 12.6 years. Median disease duration was 4.6 years, and 44.4% had oligoarticular JIA. Mean serum vitamin D level was 61.4 nmol/L and 29.6% had insufficient levels. Vitamin D levels did not differ between sexes, but between regions, iso-BMI categories, age groups, and seasons for blood sampling. Insufficient vitamin D levels were associated with dentin caries (adjusted OR 2.89, 95% CI 1.43-5.86) and gingival bleeding (adjusted OR 2.36, 95% CI 1.10-5.01). No associations were found with active JIA disease or more severe disease characteristics. CONCLUSION: In our study, nearly 30% had vitamin D insufficiency, with a particularly high prevalence among adolescents. Vitamin D insufficiency was associated with dentin caries and gingival bleeding, but not with JIA disease activity. These results point to the need for a multidisciplinary approach in the follow-up of children with JIA, including an increased focus on vitamin D status and oral health.


Assuntos
Artrite Juvenil , Cárie Dentária , Deficiência de Vitamina D , Adolescente , Artrite Juvenil/complicações , Artrite Juvenil/epidemiologia , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Cárie Dentária/complicações , Feminino , Hemorragia Gengival , Humanos , Masculino , Saúde Bucal , Vitamina D , Deficiência de Vitamina D/complicações , Deficiência de Vitamina D/epidemiologia
8.
Trials ; 23(1): 639, 2022 Aug 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35945570

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Dental caries is the most common non transmissible chronic disease in childhood and the control of dental biofilm in children is one of the greatest challenges in oral disease prevention. Digital media applications can help patients in improving their oral hygiene performance and reducing the number of appointments due to pain and discomfort reasons. This study aims to investigate the use of an smartphone application (WhatsApp) to deliver oral health education to mother-child pairs, with the ultimate goal of controlling dental biofilm and caries through digital activities focused on oral hygiene. METHODS: This study was designed as a randomized, double-blind, parallel clinical trial involving 100 pairs of mothers and children (6-12 years old). The mothers and children will be randomly allocated to the control group (n = 50 pairs), who will receive a single visit conventional oral health education, or to the experimental group (n = 50 pairs), who will receive both a single visit conventional oral health education and educational videos through WhatsApp Messenger, twice a week. Before randomization of the groups and after the intervention, pairs will be evaluated regarding to plaque index (VPI), gingival bleeding index (GBI), and number of decayed, missing and filled permanent or primary teeth (DMF-T) modified by the inclusion of active non-cavitated carious lesions (Nyvad criteria). Socioeconomic data, dental history, and oral health literacy will obtained using questionnaires (Oral Health Literacy Assessment Task for Paediatric Dentistry; BOHLAT-P). Chi-square, Student's t-test, paired Student's t-test, Mann-Whitney, and Friedman tests will be used with a 5% significance level. DISCUSSION: This intervention proposal is designed to motivate behavioral change in mother-child pairs. We hypothesize that adding digital media to traditional oral health programs will provoke improvements in oral hygiene behavior and health outcomes. To our knowledge, this is the first study evaluating the effect of educational videos communicated by digital media (WhatsApp) on the oral health of mother-child pairs evaluated by long-term dental examinations. In addition, we will assess the maternal level of comprehension of the provided information via a literacy assessment tool. The clinical trial is registered at the Brazilian Registry of Clinical Trials (No. RBR-7s8bw6m).


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Criança , Cárie Dentária/diagnóstico , Cárie Dentária/prevenção & controle , Educação em Saúde Bucal , Humanos , Internet , Relações Mãe-Filho , Saúde Bucal , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
9.
J Contemp Dent Pract ; 23(4): 419-424, 2022 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35945835

RESUMO

AIM: The aim of the present study was to compare and evaluate the efficacy of two minimally invasive methods in the removal of infected carious dentin in primary molars. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty primary molars with class I occlusal caries involving dentin were selected and allocated to either of the two groups using convenient sampling. Group A (n = 40) caries were excavated using BRIX 3000 and in Group B (n = 40) atraumatic restorative treatment (ART) caries were excavated using hand instruments only. In both groups, caries removal efficacy was evaluated clinically using caries detection dye (Sable and Sleek), and the patient's discomfort level was noted using the Wong-Baker faces pain rating scale (WBFPS). RESULTS: The results indicated that BRIX 3000 was effective in the removal of caries from primary molars with a significant difference. While there was no statistically significant difference seen in pain perception on caries excavation using both the methods. Although, a mild discomfort was noted in Group B. CONCLUSION: Comparing the two minimally invasive techniques, the new chemomechanical solution (BRIX 3000) was an effective method for the removal of caries from primary molars. So, it can be considered an alternative to the conventional caries removal method in treating pediatric dental patients. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: BRIX 3000 gel is effective in the removal of caries in children who are anxious and apprehensive as it is a noninvasive method of treatment in the pediatric age group.


Assuntos
Tratamento Dentário Restaurador sem Trauma , Cárie Dentária , Criança , Assistência Odontológica , Cárie Dentária/terapia , Suscetibilidade à Cárie Dentária , Preparo da Cavidade Dentária/métodos , Dentina , Humanos , Dente Molar
10.
Indian J Dent Res ; 33(1): 58-62, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35946246

RESUMO

Purpose: The aim of this study is to evaluate and compare the effectiveness of five pre-treatment behaviour modification techniques in 4-7-year olds in reducing dental anxiety by evaluating pulse rate, partial pressure of oxygen, systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, salivary flow rate, salivary pH, and through modified facial anxiety scale. Material and Methods: Using simple random sampling technique (drawing of lots), 125 children were equally distributed into 5 groups of 25 each: Group 1: tell-show-do (control); Group 2: tell-show-play-doh; Group 3: Playmobil Dentist; Group 4: mobile dentist games; Group 5: role play as dentist. Samples in each group were treated in a single appointment after using the behaviour modification techniques. Class I or Class II cavities were prepared on carious primary molar and restored using glass ionomer cement. Patient's anxiety level was assessed by recording blood pressure, pulse rate, oxygen saturation, salivary pH, salivary flow rate, and facial anxiety scale at different time intervals, that is before the treatment, during the treatment, and after the treatment. Results: All the intervention Groups (Groups 2-5) showed reduced anxiety scores in both physiological and facial anxiety compared to the control group, that is tell, show do. The modified distraction techniques aid in better modification. Conclusion: Tell-show-play-doh, Playmobil dentist games, mobile dentist games and role play as dentist are effective distraction techniques as compared to conventional tell-show-do techniques which can be incorporated in day-to-day clinical practice to reduce dental anxiety in paediatric patients.


Assuntos
Ansiedade ao Tratamento Odontológico , Cárie Dentária , Terapia Comportamental , Criança , Comportamento Infantil , Ansiedade ao Tratamento Odontológico/prevenção & controle , Frequência Cardíaca , Humanos
11.
Indian J Dent Res ; 33(1): 85-89, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35946251

RESUMO

Context (Background): Resin composites are the most widely used material for restoring cervical defects. However, the high failure rate of these restorations is still a concern. Aims: The aim of this in vitro study was to evaluate, using microtomography (µCT), the interfacial gap and voids formation in Class V cavities in premolars restored with materials with lower polymerization shrinkage combined with different restorative techniques. Settings and Design: Cervical defects were created in 30 intact premolar and were randomly distributed to be restored by one of the following techniques (n = 6): Composite resin with two increments (CR), organic modified polymer (ORMOCER) with single (OR1) or two increments (OR2, or low viscosity bulk-fill composite resin with single (BF1) or two increments (BF2). Methods and Material: Each tooth was scanned before filling to determine the volume of interest (VOI) to be applied in the second µCT after restoration and to control the cavity volume among the groups. In the µCT after filling, the volume of interfacial gaps and voids was calculated for each group. Statistical Analysis: The groups were compared using one-way and Tukey HSD post hoc test (α = 0.05). Results: It was possible to identify higher gap formation in the OR1 group and higher void formation in CR group (P < 0.05). OR2 group showed better results than the group with one increment. BF2 showed the best filling capacity. Conclusions: It was possible to conclude that the material and the number of increments directly influenced the internal adaptation and voids formation of Class V restorations.


Assuntos
Resinas Compostas , Cárie Dentária , Resinas Compostas/uso terapêutico , Restauração Dentária Permanente/métodos , Humanos , Teste de Materiais , Polimerização , Microtomografia por Raio-X
12.
Indian J Dent Res ; 33(1): 94-99, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35946253

RESUMO

Background: Many studies explained the importance of remineralisation of early carious lesions with various remineralising agents. In the present study, we incorporated the remineralising agents in a dentifrice, applied that in artificial enamel caries and evaluated their remineralising potential and compared the efficacy among the three. Aim: To evaluate and compare the remineralisation potential of a dentifrice containing bioactive glass, casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate and novel laboratory synthesised strontiumdoped nanohydroxyapatite paste in artificial enamel caries. Methods and Materials: 120 enamel specimens were divided into 4 groups of 30 specimens each, based on the type of dentifrice applied: GI - conventional toothpaste (control group), GII - calcium sodium phosphosilicate (Novamin), GIII - casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate (GC tooth mousse) and GIV- Novel strontiumdoped nanohydroxyapatite paste (SrnHAp paste). Specimens in all the groups were subjected to demineralisation, and calcium/phosphorous ratio was analysed followed by remineralisation and the mean calcium-phosphorus ratio was assessed using a scanning electron microscope and energy dispersing X-ray analysis. Statistical Analysis: Data were analysed using IBM SPSS Statistics for Windows Software, version 22 (IBM Corp., Armonk, NY, USA). Descriptive statistics were used to calculate the mean and standard deviation. Kruskal-Wallis, ANOVA and Mann-Whitney tests were used. The level of significance was set at 5%. Results and Conclusion: All except the control group showed a net increase in calcium and phosphorous values after application of the respective remineralising agents in respective groups. Inter-group comparison revealed that Group IV - SrnHAp paste yields higher net calcium and phosphorous values than other groups. Hence, novel SrnHAp can be considered as the material of choice in remineralising early enamel carious lesions.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Dentifrícios , Cálcio , Fosfatos de Cálcio , Caseínas/farmacologia , Caseínas/uso terapêutico , Fluoretos , Humanos , Fosfopeptídeos , Estrôncio/uso terapêutico , Remineralização Dentária/métodos
13.
Braz Oral Res ; 36: e106, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35946734

RESUMO

This study aimed to characterize the profile of dental anxiety in pediatric patients, identifying the effect exerted by socioeconomic factors using dental data. A cross-sectional study design with a sample of 120 children aged 7-12 years old was used. Data relating to anxiety levels prior to dental care, socioeconomic aspects (family income, education level, child's school type), and child's dental history (previous dental appointments, previous treatment, caries experience) were collected. Additionally, participants completed the Brazilian version of the Children's Fear Survey Schedule- Dental Subscale (B-CFSS-DS) to assess dental anxiety. Descriptive analyses, chi-squared (X 2 ) tests, and Mann-Whitney U tests were performed, with a significance level of 5%. A total of 51 boys (42.5%) and 69 girls (57.5%) were included. There was no significant difference in dental anxiety between them. However, younger children had higher mean B-CFSS-DS scores (p = 0.036, Mann-Whitney). A higher prevalence of dental anxiety was found in participants from low-income families (p = 0.012, X 2 ) and in patients who did not receive endodontic treatment (p=0.034, X 2 ). Higher mean B-CFSS-DS scores were also observed in participants who did not receive endodontic treatment (p=0.001, Mann-Whitney) compared with those that did receive endodontic treatment. No relationship was found between education level, patient school type, first dental appointment, caries experience, and dental anxiety data. Younger children presented a profile of greater dental anxiety. Socioeconomic factors and dental data exerted some effect on dental anxiety, where children from low-income families and those not subjected to endodontic treatment displayed higher rates of dental anxiety.


Assuntos
Ansiedade ao Tratamento Odontológico , Cárie Dentária , Criança , Comportamento Infantil , Estudos Transversais , Ansiedade ao Tratamento Odontológico/epidemiologia , Assistência Odontológica , Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Inquéritos e Questionários
14.
Braz Oral Res ; 36: e107, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35946735

RESUMO

Although the commensal Streptococcus sanguinis [ S. sanguinis] is isolated from caries-free people, it can ferment carbohydrates producing acids. We aimed to characterize S. sanguinis cariogenic potential as a function of different enamel biofilm formation periods, in vitro. Saliva-coated enamel slabs were inoculated with S. sanguinis to form initial biofilms for 8, 12 or 16 h in presence of sucrose and followed by a period in medium with glucose for 16, 12 or 8 h, respectively, until completion of 24 h. To simulate cariogenic challenges, S. sanguinis biofilms were exposed to 10% sucrose for 5 minutes, 3x/day for 5 days. Biofilm biomass, viable cells, total proteins, intracellular and extracellular polysaccharides production, acidogenicity and enamel demineralization were determined. Biofilms of Streptococcus mutans [ S. mutans ] served as caries-positive control. Biofilms of S. sanguinis forming on enamel for 12 and 16 h showed higher demineralization than those formed during 8 h, but lower than S. mutans biofilms, regardless of the initial biofilm formation time. No differences were detected in the biofilm properties among the different biofilm formation times tested for S. sanguinis . Increased enamel initial biofilm formation time by S. sanguinis appears to induce a cariogenic potential, but lower than S. mutans .


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Streptococcus sanguis , Biofilmes , Humanos , Streptococcus mutans , Sacarose
15.
Braz Oral Res ; 36: e111, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35946739

RESUMO

The objective of this study was to identify dental caries-protective factors among 5-year-old children using the salutogenic theory. A cross-sectional study was conducted in a small-sized municipality in the Southeast region of Brazil, with a representative sample of 247 children registered in preschool and their respective mothers. The data were collected through questionnaires administered to the mothers about the socioeconomic, behavioral, and biological aspects of the mother and children. Additionally, the collections included validated instruments concerning psychosocial aspects, such as a sense of coherence, resilience, family cohesion and religiosity, and intraoral examinations of the children through the decayed-missing-filled primary teeth (dmft) index. All examinations were performed by a trained and calibrated examiner. The non-adjusted and adjusted odds ratios (OR) and their respective confidence intervals (CI) were estimated using multiple logistic regression with a hierarchical model. Among the examined children, 41.7% were caries-free. In the final model, the chances of the absence of dental caries experience (dmft = 0) were greater in children with mothers who had higher education levels (> 8 years of study) (OR = 2.55 [95%CIi:1.42-4.59]) and those who lived in an environment of high family cohesion (OR = 3.66 [95%CI: 1.19-11.29]). The results indicated that mothers' level of education and family relationships are protective factors against dental caries in 5-year-old children, which overlapped with behavioral and biological factors.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Senso de Coerência , Perda de Dente , Pré-Escolar , Estudos Transversais , Índice CPO , Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Cárie Dentária/prevenção & controle , Escolaridade , Relações Familiares , Feminino , Humanos , Mães
16.
J Nanobiotechnology ; 20(1): 356, 2022 Aug 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35918726

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Due to their prevalence, dental caries ranks first among all diseases endangering human health. Therefore, the prevention of caries is of great significance, as caries have become a serious public health problem worldwide. Currently, using nanoscale drug delivery systems to prevent caries has received increased attention. However, the preventive efficacy of these systems is substantially limited due to the unique physiological structure of cariogenic biofilms. Thus, novel strategies aimed at combating cariogenic biofilms to improve preventive efficiency against caries are meaningful and very necessary. Herein, inspired by cell membrane coating technology and Lactobacillus strains, we coated triclosan (TCS)-loaded poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) nanoparticles (TCS@PLGA-NPs) with an envelope of Lactobacillus (LA/TCS@PLGA-NPs) and investigated their potential as a nanoparticle delivery system against cariogenic biofilms and dental caries. RESULTS: LA/TCS@PLGA-NPs were successfully prepared with favorable properties, including a coated envelope, controllable size, negative charge, sustained drug-release kinetics and so on. The LA/TCS@PLGA-NPs inherited native properties from the source cell surface, thus the LA/TCS@PLGA-NPs adhered to S. mutans, integrated into the S. mutans biofilm, and interfered with the biofilm formation of S. mutans. The nanoparticles significantly inhibited the activity, biomass and virulence gene expression of S. mutans biofilms in vitro. Additionally, LA/TCS@PLGA-NPs exhibited a long-lasting inhibitory effect on the progression of caries in vivo. The safety performance of the nanoparticles is also favorable. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings reveal that the antibiofilm effect of LA/TCS@PLGA-NPs relies not only on the inheritance of native properties from the Lactobacillus cell surface but also on the inhibitory effect on the activity, biomass and virulence of S. mutans biofilms. Thus, these nanoparticles could be considered feasible candidates for a new class of effective drug delivery systems for the prevention of caries. Furthermore, this work provides new insights into cell membrane coating technology and presents a novel strategy to combat bacterial biofilms and associated infections.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Nanopartículas , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Biofilmes , Membrana Celular , Cárie Dentária/tratamento farmacológico , Cárie Dentária/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Lactobacillus , Streptococcus mutans
17.
J Med Life ; 15(6): 854-859, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35928371

RESUMO

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a systemic, chronic, and inflammatory joint disease with oral complications. This research aimed to compare the oral health-related quality of life and decayed, missing and filled teeth (DMFT) index in rheumatoid arthritis patients over 18 years with healthy individuals. In this study, 45 rheumatoid arthritis cases were assigned to the experimental group, and 45 healthy individuals were assigned to the control group. After completing biography forms, the participants filled out two questionnaires. These questionnaires included the Oral Health Impact Profile-14 (OHIP-14) and the Oral Health Assessment Index (GOHAI). Next, their teeth were clinically examined to check for caries. Finally, the data were analyzed statistically. RA and control groups were similar in gender, marital status, age, occupation, and level of education. However, a significant difference was observed between the two groups concerning DMFT (P<0.001) and total OHIP-14 score (P<0.001). Moreover, no significant difference was observed between the groups concerning the total GOHAI score (P=0.526). The oral health-related quality of life in rheumatoid arthritis patients was lower than that in the general population, with the rate of dental caries being higher in these patients.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide , Cárie Dentária , Artrite Reumatoide/complicações , Estudos Transversais , Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Humanos , Saúde Bucal , Qualidade de Vida
18.
Stomatologiia (Mosk) ; 101(4): 61-67, 2022.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35943502

RESUMO

THE AIM OF THE STUDY: Was to assess the effectiveness of a new dental caries prevention program in children of various ages living in residential institutions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The program of oral health promotion and caries prevention was introduced in the autonomous non-profit organization «Social rehabilitation center Solba¼. The study comprised 98 children aged 12-17 years divided into two groups: the main group of 52 children aged 12-16 years enrolled in the program in 2013 in pre-school (32 children) and primary school age (20 children) and the control group of 46 adolescents aged 12-17 years not included in the program. DMFT and OHI-S index were compared in both groups as well as in children enrolled in the program at various ages. RESULTS: The overall caries prevalence was 84.7%. Statistically significant differences were documented between children enrolled in the program in pre-school and primary school ages regarding both caries prevalence (78% and 89%, respectively) and intensity (3.5 and 5.4 tooth, respectively (p=0.01)). Non-satisfactory, poor and very poor OHI-S was observed in 15.4% of children in the main group and 54.3% of controls. Good oral hygiene was seen in 67.3 and 37%, satisfactory - in 17.3 and 8.7% of children, respectively (p<0.05). CONCLUSION: Programs of dental caries prevention with oral health promotion component are effective for oral hygiene improvement in children living in residential institutions. The key for long-term effectiveness and dental caries prevalence and intensity reduction is the start of the program in pre-school age and education of caregivers and teachers to provide control of dental care in pre-school and primary school children.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Cárie Dentária/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Saúde Bucal , Higiene Bucal , Prevalência
19.
J Prev Med Hyg ; 63(2): E282-E287, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35968060

RESUMO

Introduction: Chlorhexidine is considered the most potent chemotherapeutic agent against Streptococcus mutans. However, its side effects due to prolonged use, indicates need for alternatives. The study intended to assess and compare antimicrobial efficacies of probiotic, xylitol and chlorhexidine mouth rinses in children and elderly. Methods: The study was a Double blind Randomized Controlled Trial conducted among residential school children aged 5-12 years and elderly greater than 60 years residing in old age homes. (ClinicalTrials.gov ID: NCT04399161). 30 participants each among children and elderly were chosen based on eligibility criterion (high risk for caries). They were further randomly divided into 3 groups with 10 participants in each group. Participants were asked to rinse with 15 ml of freshly prepared mouth rinses once daily for 2 minutes for 14 days. Antimicrobial efficacy was determined by assessing change in Streptococcus mutans levels in dental plaque. Results: Significant reduction in Streptococcus mutans counts were observed in both children and elderly (Chlorhexidine: mean difference = 3.11 log10CFU/g, p = 0.022, Xylitol: mean difference = 0.93 log10CFU/g, p = 0.046, Probiotic: mean difference = 1.91 log10CFU/g, p = 0.023 in children); (Chlorhexidine: mean difference = 2.23 log10CFU/g, p = 0.004, Xylitol: mean difference = 1.39 log10CFU/g, p = 0.009, Probiotic: mean difference = 1.61 log10CFU/g, p = 0.018 in elderly). Intergroup comparison showed no significant difference. Conclusions: Antimicrobial efficacy of xylitol and probiotic mouth rinses were comparable to that of chlorhexidine in both children and elderly. Probiotics could potentially be more efficacious than xylitol among children.


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos , Cárie Dentária , Probióticos , Idoso , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Criança , Clorexidina/farmacologia , Clorexidina/uso terapêutico , Cárie Dentária/tratamento farmacológico , Cárie Dentária/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Antissépticos Bucais/farmacologia , Antissépticos Bucais/uso terapêutico , Probióticos/uso terapêutico , Streptococcus mutans , Xilitol/farmacologia , Xilitol/uso terapêutico
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