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1.
Methods Mol Biol ; 2206: 223-232, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32754821

RESUMO

Exiting developments in tissue engineering and new insights in stem cell biology have led to new possible strategies for the regeneration of damaged tissues in the oral cavity. The regeneration of the pulp-dentin complex regeneration in particular, has drawn the attention of many researchers because of the high clinical needs. While it is still important to perform in vitro research using a wide variety of cells, scaffolds and growth factors, it is also critical to have a reliable animal model for preclinical trials. In this chapter, we describe a mouse model in which a scaffold resembling a tooth containing dental pulp cells is implanted subcutaneously. We also describe which histological stainings could be used to examine blood vessel formation and the regeneration of the pulp-dentin complex.

2.
J Dent Res ; : 22034520952031, 2020 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32866050

RESUMO

This 24-mo randomized controlled trial was based on a double-blind parallel design, and it compared the effectiveness of 2 fluoride application protocols in arresting dentine caries in primary teeth. Three-year-old children with active dentine caries were recruited and randomly allocated to 2 treatment groups. Children in group A received a semiannual application of a 25% silver nitrate (AgNO3) solution followed by a commercially available varnish with 5% sodium fluoride (NaF) on the carious tooth surfaces. Children in group B received a semiannual application of a 25% AgNO3 solution followed by another commercially available varnish with 5% NaF containing functionalized tricalcium phosphate (fTCP). Carious tooth surfaces that were hard when probing were classified as arrested. Intention-to-treat analysis and a hierarchical generalized linear model were undertaken. A total of 408 children with 1,831 tooth surfaces with active dentine caries were recruited at baseline, and 356 children (87%) with 1,607 tooth surfaces (88%) were assessed after 24 mo. At the 24-mo evaluation, the mean (SD) number of arrested carious tooth surfaces per child were 1.8 (2.2) and 2.6 (3.3) for group A (without fTCP) and group B (with fTCP), respectively (P = 0.003). The arrest rates at the tooth surface level were 42% for group A and 57% for group B (P < 0.001). Results of the hierarchical generalized linear model indicated that protocol B (with fTCP) had a higher predicted probability (PP = 0.656) in arresting dentine caries than protocol A (without fTCP; PP = 0.500) when the carious lesions were on buccal/lingual surfaces, were on anterior teeth, had dental plaque coverage, and were in children from low-income families (P = 0.046). In conclusion, protocol B, which applied a 25% AgNO3 solution followed by a commercially available 5% NaF varnish with fTCP semiannually, is more effective in arresting dentine caries in primary teeth as compared with protocol A, which applied a 25% AgNO3 solution followed by another commercially available 5% NaF varnish without fTCP semiannually (ClinicalTrials.gov NCT03423797).

3.
Caries Res ; : 1-8, 2020 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32866956

RESUMO

Prevention of childhood caries is an ongoing public health challenge, but the possibility of an association with maternal mental disorders has received limited attention. We estimated the extent to which maternal mental disorders are associated with an increased risk of hospitalization due to dental caries. We conducted a longitudinal cohort study of 790,758 infants born in Quebec, Canada between 2006 and 2016, with follow-up extending to 2018. We identified women with mental disorders before or during pregnancy and computed the incidence of dental caries in their children. We estimated HR and 95% CI for the association of maternal mental disorders with the risk of dental caries, adjusted for personal characteristics. Infants of women with mental disorders before or during pregnancy had a higher incidence of dental caries compared to children of women with no mental disorder (56.1 vs. 27.2 per 10,000 person-years). Maternal stress and anxiety disorders (HR = 1.73; 95% CI 1.60-1.86), depression (HR = 1.81; 95% CI 1.60-2.03), schizophrenia and delusional disorders (HR = 1.69; 95% CI 1.29-2.22), and personality disorders (HR = 1.89; 95% CI 1.70-2.11) were associated with the risk of dental caries. The associations were present throughout childhood, including after 7 years (HR = 1.65; 95% CI 1.38-1.96). Maternal mental disorders were associated with caries of the enamel, dentin, and cementum and caries that reached the dental pulp. Maternal mental disorders before or during pregnancy, especially stress and anxiety, depression, schizophrenia, and personality disorders, are associated with the risk of childhood caries. Women with a history of mental disorders may benefit from enhanced strategies for prevention of dental caries in their children.

4.
Acta Bioeng Biomech ; 22(2): 25-34, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32868946

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to evaluate the shear bond strength of CAD/CAM ceramics to dentin after cementation with conventional or self-adhesive resin cements. METHODS: Three self-adhesive, self-etching cements (Panavia SA, RelyX U200, Maxcem Elite), and one conventional cement (Panavia V5), were selected to lute three CAD/CAM ceramics (IPS Empress CAD, IPS e.max CAD, IPS e.max ZirCAD) onto the dentin. The bond strength was evaluated using a shear strength test according to the PN-EN ISO 29022:2013-10. Evaluation of the differences was performed using the Statistica software. Failure modes were analyzed using a light microscope. RESULTS: All the studied cements differed (regardless of the ceramic type) in the bond strength. The highest bond strength was observed in Panavia V5, lower - in RelyX U200 and Panavia SA, and the lowest - in Maxcem. For IPS e.max ZirCAD, it was observed that compared to Panavia V5, the other cements were characterized by a significantly higher bond strength. For the IPS Empress CAD and the IPS e.max CAD, Panavia V5 displayed the highest bond strength. For all the studied self-adhesive cements, the failure of adhesion between the cement and dentin was predominant mode. CONCLUSIONS: Significant differences were found in the shear bond strengths of the CAD/CAM ceramics luted to dentin using tested self-adhesive and conventional cements. The bond strength depended on the combination of ceramic and cement. The IPS e.max ZirCAD had the highest bond strength to dentin after cementation with RelyX U200, while the IPS Empress CAD and IPS e.max CAD - with Panavia V5.

5.
Lasers Med Sci ; 2020 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32869119

RESUMO

This study aims to evaluate the effect of Nd:YAG and femtosecond lasers irradiation on the shear bond strength (SBS) of a self-adhesive resin cement to the human dentin surface. One hundred extracted third molar teeth were randomly divided into 10 experimental groups according to dentin surface treatments; with and without the bonding agent, Nd:YAG 302 J/cm2 and 440 J/cm2, femtosecond 4 J/cm2 and 7 J/cm2, and control groups were prepared. After surface treatments, a self-adhesive resin cement was luted by using a bonding jig (Ultradent Products Inc.). The specimens were then subjected to shear test at a crosshead speed of 0.5 mm/min, and failure loads were recorded as megapascal (MPa). Two-way analysis of variance and Tukey HSD tests were performed (p Ë‚ 0.05). Representative specimens from each experimental subgroup were examined by means of SEM. The highest SBS values were obtained in Group 302 J/cm2 Nd:YAG with bonding agent, and there is no statistical difference between Group 440 J/cm2 Nd:YAG with bonding and Group 7 J/cm2 femtosecond with bonding (p > 0.05). The lowest SBS values were observed in Group control without bonding agent. Nd:YAG and femtosecond laser treatments improved the adhesion between the dentin surface and the self-adhesive resin cement.

6.
Microsc Res Tech ; 2020 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32869428

RESUMO

This study aimed to evaluate the capacity of novel experimental hybrid coatings (HC) to reduce dentin permeability and to verify their resistance to erosive and abrasive challenges. Dentin disc specimens (1 mm thick) were treated with 0.5 M EDTA solution and randomly allocated into three experimental groups (n = 10): Control (Saliva); Concentrated Hybrid Coating (TEOS/GPTMS/Y-APS); and Diluted Hybrid Coating (1:3 ratio with distilled water). Dentin permeability was assessed by hydraulic conductance in the following experimental time periods: post-EDTA, post treatment, post erosion (5 min in 0.05 M citric acid solution, pH = 3.8), and post abrasion (toothbrushing for 3,900 cycles). Dentin permeability percent was calculated with respect the values of post-EDTA for each experimental time. The morphology of the surface of extra dentin specimens was examined by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) in the same time periods (n = 3). Permeability data were analyzed by two-way repeated measures ANOVA and Tukey tests (p < .05). Both HC presented significantly lower dentin permeability than control post treatment and post erosion (p < .05), without difference between them (p > .05). Post abrasion, there were no significant difference among groups (p > .05). Post treatment and post erosion, the HC seemed to flow into the tubules, occluding them, while the tubules in control remained opened. Post abrasion, the tubules appear to be occluded in all groups. In conclusion, the experimental hybrid coatings were capable of reducing dentin permeability after treatment. They were also able to resist to erosive and abrasive challenges, with the advantage of forming thinner and colorless films that can be potentially used to treat dentin hypersensitivity.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32869958

RESUMO

To avoid excessive tissue removal and collateral damage, the high-power density laser is apt for dental surgery also need to have high precision. For high-precision dental surgery with minimal tissue damage, the present work frames a method to predict laser ablation profile based on surface morphology and chemical composition of dentin. The surface morphology and chemical composition were studied on different dentin samples using scanning electron microscope (SEM) and Energy Dispersive X-ray Analysis (EDAX), respectively. The key laser ablation parameters (ω0 , Deff , and Fth ) were determined by laser irradiation study using 800 nm, Ti:Sapphire femtosecond laser at processing condition of 100 fs, 10 kHz and 10 mm/s. The dentin samples show a strong linear correlation between physiochemical characteristics and laser ablation parameters. The surface morphology exhibits a negative linear correlation with threshold fluence, whereas the converse is true for chemical composition. The laser ablation parameters of a random dentin sample are derived from the knowledge of linearity data. From the obtained laser ablation parameters, the complete theoretical ablation profile is constructed and validated with experimental ablation profile. Even though the surface morphology of dentin shows high linearity, the concentration of Ca and P can be used as the most feasible probe in clinical settings. Furthermore, the laser ablation rate and ablation efficiency are predicted by the method to optimize the laser processing condition for any specific teeth. The versatility of the method overcomes the problem of heterogeneity on various teeth and simplifies the method of finding optimal laser processing condition for immaculate laser surgery.

8.
Photodiagnosis Photodyn Ther ; : 101978, 2020 Aug 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32871251

RESUMO

AIM: To evaluate Shear bond strength (SBS) of resin modified glass ionomer cement (RMGIC) on caries affected dentin after using different cavity disinfectants i.e., chlorhexidine gluconate (CHX), Er,Cr:YSGG laser (ECYL) and photodynamic therapy (PDT). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Total 50 freshly extracted mandibular molars were obtained through non-traumatic extraction. All the samples were rooted vertically within self-cure acrylic resin blocks up to cervical level so that only coronal portion remain visible. Silicon carbide grinding discs 1200 and 600 grits was used to prepare the teeth. However affected dentin remains untouched. All samples were randomly distributed in to five groups (n = 10). Group 1: 2% CHX, Group 2: 2% solution of methylene blue (MB) and Diode laser, Group 3: Indocyanine green (ICGP) solution and Diode laser, Group 4: curcumin (CP) and LED curing unit, Group 5: ECYL. The specimens were then stored at a temperature of 37 °C for 24 hours and 100% humidity before specimens were placed in to universal testing machine for the SBS measurements. Failure mode examination was performed by a stereomicroscope. ANOVA test analyze inter group comparison. Tukey HSD test was used to analyze multiple group comparison. The level of significance was set at p < 0.05 value. RESULTS: Among all the groups, group 1 (control, CHX treated) demonstrated highest SBS value (18.31 ± 1.06 MPa). Whereas lowest SBS was displayed by group 2 (PDT, MB) (12.31 ± 0.57 MPa). Dentin disinfected with group 4 (PDT, CP) (16.86 ± 0.97 MPa) and group 5 (ECYL) (17.39 ± 2.26) showed comparable result to that of CHX (p > 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Bond strength of RMGIC bonded to CHX disinfected caries affected dentin with was highest among study groups. Use of MB in Photo-biomodulation showed lowest shear bond strength outcomes. Moreover, application of ECYL and curcumin with LED showed bond strengths comparable to CHX control.

9.
In Vivo ; 34(5): 2325-2336, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32871757

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Picosecond infrared laser (PIRL) was investigated regarding its possible therapeutic application in cutting dental roots. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Extracted human teeth were processed in the root area by laser ablations followed by histological evaluation. Dentin adjacent to the cutting surface was evaluated morphometrically. RESULTS: PIRL produced clearly defined cutting boundaries in dental roots. At the bottom of the cavity, the ablation surface became slightly concave. Heat development in this scantly hydrated tissue was considerable. We attributed the excess heating effects to heat accumulation due to multiple pulse overlap across a limited scan range imposed by tooth geometries. CONCLUSION: Defined areas of the tooth root may be treated using the PIRL. For clinical translation, it would be necessary to improve beam delivery to facilitate beam steering for the intended oral application (e.g. by using a fiber) and identify optimal repetition rates/scan speeds combined with cooling techniques to minimize accumulated heat within ablation cavities.

10.
Braz Oral Res ; 34: e105, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32876118

RESUMO

The aim of this research was to evaluate the influence of MDP (10-methacryloyloxydecyl dihydrogen phosphate) concentration and application mode of experimental adhesives on microshear bond strength (µSBS) to dentin after storage in distilled water at 37°C for 24h and 6 months. Five experimental adhesives were prepared with: CQ, DABE, BHT, ethanol, HEMA, TEGDMA, Bis-EMA, UDMA, and Bis-GMA. Concentrations of 0 wt%, 3 wt%, 9 wt%, 12 wt% or 15 wt% of MDP were added to their composition. The adhesives were applied to flat dentin surfaces in etch-and-rinse or self-etching modes. Cylindrical molds filled with light-cured composite resin were placed above the dentin. The specimens were stored in distilled water at 37oC for 24h or 6 months and submitted to µSBS testing. The adhesives were also submitted to pH analysis. The data were analyzed by one-way ANOVA, three-way ANOVA and Tukey's test (α = 5%). All the adhesives used in the etch-and-rinse mode showed significantly higher bond strength than the adhesives applied in the self-etching approach. The 9 wt% adhesive showed the highest bond strength values, and 3 wt% was most stable after storage. A strong negative correlation between MDP concentration and pH was observed. It was concluded that the formulations with low concentrations of MDP (up to 9 wt%) showed better results for bond strength and bond strength degradation over time.

11.
Braz Oral Res ; 34: e111, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32876124

RESUMO

This study evaluated the effect of selective carious tissue removal on the fracture strength and failure mode of composite restorations in molars presenting only the buccal cusps. Deep cavities were prepared on the occlusal surface, and the lingual cusps were removed. Carious lesions in the middle of the pulpal wall were artificially induced with acetic acid (pH = 4.5) for 35 days. The demineralized dentin was left intact or was completely removed prior to restoration with a bulk-fill composite (n = 10). Images of the specimens were obtained by optical coherence tomography (OCT) before and after the caries induction/removal. The mechanical resistance to fracture by axial compressive loading and the failure type and extension were determined. The pulpal wall/composite interface of the fractured specimens was analyzed by OCT. The data were analyzed for significance with t-tests (α = 0.05). The deepest cavities and a more frequent occurrence of pulpal exposure were observed more often for non-selective carious tissue removal. The protocol of carious tissue removal did not affect the fracture strength (p = 0.554). An increased occurrence of catastrophic failures involving the roots was observed for non-selective carious tissue removal. Some occurrences of restoration displacement or cracks throughout the resin-dentin were observed only for the selective carious tissue approach. Selective carious tissue removal is a feasible approach to extensively damaged teeth since it reduced the occurrence of pulpal exposure and root fractures, without compromising the fracture strength.

12.
Oper Dent ; 2020 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32926155

RESUMO

The literature reviewed suggests that airborne particle abrasion has no negative effects on the bond strength of resin-based materials to dentin and that a positive influence on dentin bond strength was only achieved in specific air-abrasion conditions.

13.
J Dent ; : 103472, 2020 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32927019

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to formulate experimental dental adhesives with wollastonite and evaluate the physical, chemical, and bioactivity properties of the resins. METHODS: Wollastonite was characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray and laser diffraction analyses, and scanning electronic microscopy. An experimental adhesive resin was formulated, and wollastonite was used as filler at 0 (control group), 0.5, 1, or 2 wt.%. Radiopacity, degree of conversion (DC%), microhardness, softening in solvent, ultimate tensile strength (UTS), 24 h- and 1 year- microtensile bond strength (µTBS), mineral deposition, and color of the adhesives were evaluated. RESULTS: Wollastonite particles showed a needle-like shape, a mean diameter of 70 (± 30) µm, characteristic chemical peaks, and pure crystalline ß-CaSiO3 phase. There were no significant differences (p > 0.05) for radiopacity, softening in solvent, and color change. The group with 2 wt.% of wollastonite showed higher microhardness and UTS in comparison to the control group (p < 0.05). After one year, the control group showed reduced µTBS compared to the immediate value (p < 0.05). The groups with wollastonite presented stable µTBS after one year in comparison to the immediate µTBS (p > 0.05). Wollastonite induced mineral deposition on the adhesive surface over the time of storage in simulated body fluid. CONCLUSION: The addition of wollastonite improved the mechanical behavior of the adhesive without changing the analyzed chemical properties. The adhesives with this filler presented mineral deposition and acceptable clinical color. Moreover, dentin treated with wollastonite-doped adhesives showed higher bonding stability after one year of aging. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Wollastonite, a silicate-based material, provided bioactivity for the adhesives, which assists in producing therapeutic tooth-restoration interfaces. Moreover, the incorporation of this mineral improved adhesives mechanical behavior and bonding to dentin over time. Wollastonite is a promising filler to improve the biological properties of adhesives and assist in dentin-restoration stability.

14.
Dent Mater ; 2020 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32928560

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of quercetin on the acid resistance of human dentin through both laboratory and clinical studies. METHODS: Two hundred and twelve dentin blocks (2 mm × 2 mm × 2 mm) were prepared and used. For the laboratory study, dentin specimens were randomly divided into 8 groups (n = 12): deionized water, ethanol, 1.23 × 104 µg/ml sodium fluoride (NaF), 120 µg/ml chlorhexidine, 183.2 µg/ml epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG), and 75 µg/ml, 150 µg/ml, and 300 µg/ml quercetin (Q75, Q150, and Q300). The specimens were treated with the respective solutions for 2 min and then subjected to in vitro erosion (4 cycles/d for 7 d). The surface microhardness loss (%SMHl), erosive dentin wear, and surface morphology were evaluated and compared. For the impact on MMP inhibition, the release of crosslinked carboxyterminal telopeptide of type I collagen (ICTP) and the thickness of the demineralized organic matrix (DOM) were measured using additional dentin specimens. For the clinical study, the specimens were treated with NaF or Q300 for 2 min and then subjected to in vivo erosion (4 cycles/d for 7 d). The %SMHl and erosive dentin wear of the specimens were measured to determine whether quercetin similarly inhibits erosion in situ. RESULTS: The quercetin-treated group had a significantly lower %SMHl and erosive dentin wear than any other group, and the effect was concentration-dependent in vitro (P < 0.05). Dentin treated with quercetin produced significantly less ICTP and had a thicker DOM than the control dentin (P < 0.05). After in vivo erosion, the %SMHl and erosive dentin wear of the Q300 group were significantly lower than those of the control group (P < 0.05). SIGNIFICANCE: The application of quercetin was shown, for the first time, to increase the acid resistance of human dentin, possibly through MMP inhibition and DOM preservation.

15.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 15342, 2020 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32929155

RESUMO

An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via a link at the top of the paper.

16.
Prim Dent J ; 9(3): 18-22, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32940595

RESUMO

The prevalence of caries is set to increase in the coming years as a result of a growing ageing population and a concomitant reduction in levels of edentulousness. Evidence for management of caries in older adults is scarce compared to that for the child population, however, similar principles of risk assessment, prevention and minimal intervention should be applied by dental health professionals. Early identification of high-risk older adults facilitates the implementation of risk reduction strategies, such as topical fluoride regimes. When operative intervention cannot be avoided, Atraumatic Restorative Technique (ART) may allow for conservative cavity preparation and has the advantage of being suitable for the domiciliary setting.


Assuntos
Tratamento Dentário Restaurador sem Trauma , Cárie Dentária , Boca Edêntula , Idoso , Criança , Humanos
17.
Int J Prosthodont ; 33(5): 536-545, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32956435

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the shear bond strength (SBS) and color stability (ΔE) of four ceramic veneers (VITA VM 9; VITA VM 13; VITA VMK 95; and IPS e.max Ceram) following repair with three different self-adhesive composite resins (Fusio Liquid Dentin; Constic; and Vertise Flow) and BISCO Intraoral Repair Kit + Filtek Supreme (BC + FS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 96 specimens were prepared per ceramic material, and each ceramic group was divided into subgroups according to testing method (32 specimens for color stability analysis and 64 specimens for SBS testing). ΔE and SBS (SBS1 = non-aged, SBS2 = thermally aged) values of the repaired specimens were calculated. One specimen from each of the thermally aged groups was investigated under scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Two-way ANOVA was used to analyze the mean ΔE, SBS1, and SBS2 values. The differences between SBS1 and SBS2 values were analyzed using independent-samples t test. RESULTS: The lowest ΔE values were calculated for Constic (P ≤ .05). The SBS2 values among all groups were lower than the SBS1 values (P ≤ .05). The lowest SBS2 values were observed for Vertise Flow (2.3 ± 1.47 MPa) (P ≤ .05) and were below the acceptable limit of 5 MPa. CONCLUSION: All of the investigated repair materials in combination with the ceramic veneers exhibited ΔE values that were higher than the clinically acceptable limits. Thermal aging negatively affected the SBS values in all groups (P ≤ .05). All tested self-adhesive composite resins, with the exception of Vertise Flow, could be used instead of a repair kit with flowable composite resin, especially in noncooperative patients, for the purpose of repairing chipping fractures for VITA VM 9, VITA VM 13, and VITA VMK 95 (P > .05).

18.
J Mech Behav Biomed Mater ; 110: 103875, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32957185

RESUMO

The chemistry of resin-based dental adhesives is critical for its interaction with dental tissues and long-term bonding stability. Changes in dental adhesives composition influences the materials' key physical-chemical properties, such as rate and degree of conversion, water sorption, solubility, flexural strength and modulus, and cohesive strength and improves the biocompatibility to dental tissues. Maintaining a suitable reactivity between photoinitiators and monomers is important for optimal properties of adhesive systems, in order to enable adequate polymerisation and improved chemical, physical and biological properties. The aim of this article is to review the current state-of-the-art of dental adhesives, and their chemical composition and characteristics that influences the polymerisation reaction and subsequent materials properties and performance.

19.
J Mech Behav Biomed Mater ; 110: 103893, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32957199

RESUMO

This study evaluated the influence of occlusal resin cement space on the fatigue performance of bonded-leucite crowns to a dentin-analogue material. Leucite anatomical crowns were adhesively cemented to dentin-like preparations having distinct occlusal cement space (50, 100 and 300 µm) (n = 18), and subjected to step-stress fatigue testing (150 N - 350 N; step-size: 25 N; 20,000 cycles/step; 20 Hz). Fatigue data (load and number of cycles for failure) were analyzed using Kaplan-Meier and Mantel-Cox (log-rank) tests (p <0.05). Fractographic analysis and occlusal internal space measurements were also performed. There was no significant difference for the distinct occlusal cement layer (50 µm: 289 N, 136,111 cycles; 100 µm: 285 N, 132,778 cycles; 300 µm: 246 N, 101,667 cycles). Occlusal internal space analysis showed a mean thickness of 120.4 (50 µm), 174.9 (100 µm) and 337.2 (300 µm). All failures were radial cracks originating at the ceramic-cement interface. Distinct occlusal cement spaces had no effect on the fatigue behavior of anatomical leucite crowns.

20.
J Mech Behav Biomed Mater ; 110: 103905, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32957209

RESUMO

This study aimed to evaluate the influence of loading frequency on the fatigue mechanical behavior of adhesively cemented polymer-infiltrated ceramic-network (PICN) and lithium disilicate (LD) simplified monolithic restorations. Thirty (30) disc-shaped specimens (Ø = 10 mm; thickness = 1.0 mm) of each ceramic material (PICN - Enamic, Vita Zahnfabrik or LD - IPS e.max CAD, Ivoclar Vivadent) were produced and adhesively cemented onto dentin analogue discs made of fiber and epoxy resin material (Ø = 10 mm; thickness = 2.0 mm). PICN and LD cemented assemblies were randomly allocated into 2 groups (n = 15) according to the loading frequency used for the fatigue testing (20 Hz or 2 Hz), composing the PICN_20, PICN_2, LD_20 and LD_2 testing groups. Fatigue tests were run using the step-stress approach (initial load = 200 N; step-size = 100 N; 10,000 cycles per step) and the collected data (fatigue failure load - FFL and number of cycles for failure - CFF) were analyzed by survival tests (Kaplan Meier and Mantel-Cox) and Weibull analysis. Fractographic analysis of failed specimens were also performed. No statistically significant differences were detected in relation to FFL and CFF between the groups within the same ceramic material (PICN_20: 1127 N/102,667 cycles = PICN_2: 1120 N/102,000 cycles; LD_20: 980 N/88,000 cycles = LD_2: 900 N/80,000 cycles). All failures were radial cracks in the cementation surface. Therefore, the use of a 20 Hz loading frequency shows to be a viable alternative to accelerate cyclic fatigue tests without affecting the fatigue mechanical behavior and the failure pattern of simplified restorations made of lithium disilicate glass ceramic or polymer infiltrated ceramic network bonded to the dentin analogue.

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