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1.
J Mech Behav Biomed Mater ; 119: 104498, 2021 Mar 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33839538

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: In this study, we incorporated hybrid nanoparticles (poly (acrylic acid)-grafted nanoclay/nanosilica, respectively, with platelet and spherical morphologies, abbreviated as PAA-g-NC-Sil) in different concentrations (0, 0.2, 0.5, 1, 2 and 5 wt%) to an experimental dentin bonding system and investigated the physical properties of the filled adhesive and its shear bond strength (µ-SBS) to dentin. We subsequently compared the properties of the adhesives containing PAA-g-NC-Sil with previously studied adhesives containing poly (methacrylic acid)-g-nanoclay (PMA-g-NC) (Solhi et al., 2012a), poly (acrylic acid)-g-nanoclay (PAA-g-NC) (Solhi et al., 2012b), and the hybrid poly (methacrylic acid)-grafted-nanoclay-nanosilica (PMA-g-NC-Sil) (Solhi et al., 2020). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a set of previous publications and the present paper, we grafted poly (acrylic acid) (PAA) or poly (methacrylic acid) (PMA) onto the surface of pristine Na-MMT nanoclay (Cloisite® Na+) through free radical polymerization of monomer in an aqueous media in the presence or absence of nanosilica particles. We characterized the resulting modified nanoparticles (PMA-g-NC, PAA-g-NC, PMA-g-NC-Sil and PAA-g-NC-Sil) using GPC, FTIR, TGA, and XRD. We then incorporated the modified particles as functionalized fillers to experimental dentin adhesives in different concentrations and studied the stability of modified fillers dispersion by separation analysis. We also studied the properties of the photo-cured adhesive matrices using FTIR, TEM, SEM, EDXA, and XRD. We examined the shear bond strength of the adhesives (containing different contents of each modified filler, separately) to human premolar teeth. The results were analysed and compared statistically. RESULTS: The results confirmed that the polymers have been grafted onto the surface of nanoclay. An exfoliated structure for the nanoclay platelets in the photo-cured adhesive containing PAA-g-NC-Sil was observed. Addition of 0.5 wt% of PAA-g-NC-Sil to the experimental adhesive increased the shear bond strength and the dispersion stability in comparison to unfilled adhesive. The same trend was also observed for adhesives containing PMA-g-NC, PAA-g-NC, and PMA-g-NC-Sil. The adhesive containing PAA-g-NC-Sil showed the best dispersion stability and subsequently the highest shear bond strength in the optimal concentration among adhesives containing the four available fillers (PMA-g-NC, PAA-g-NC, PMA-g-NC-Sil and PAA-g-NC-Sil). SIGNIFICANCE: Addition of poly (acrylic acid) modified nanoparticles to the experimental dentin adhesives resulted in higher shear bond strength due to the potential interactions between the carboxylic acid functional groups on the surface of the modified particles and the dentin structure. Between the poly (acrylic acid) and poly (methacrylic acid), the former acid with higher PKa performed better. Addition of the spherical nanosilica particles to the adhesives containing platelet nanoclay helped to better exfoliate the platelets resulting in improved µ-SBS and dispersion stability.

2.
J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis ; 30(6): 105760, 2021 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33845422

RESUMO

Dentin matrix protein 1 (DMP1) is an extracellular matrix phosphoprotein that is known to facilitate mineralization of collagen in bone and promote osteoblast/odontoblast differentiation. Blood-brain barrier (BBB) disruption is the major pathogenesis in secondary brain injury after intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). This study aimed to investigate the expression pattern of DMP1 in the mouse brain and explore the role of DMP1 in BBB disruption and brain injury in a mouse model of ICH. Mice were subjected to autologous blood injection-induced ICH. Immunofluorescence staining, western blot analysis, neurobehavioral tests, brain water content measurements, Evans blue permeability assay, and transmission electron microscopy were performed. Small interfering RNA targeting DMP1 (DMP1 siRNA) was administered at 72 h prior to ICH. Results showed that DMP1 is expressed extensively in the mouse brain, and is upregulated in the ICH model. Administration of DMP1 siRNA effectively ameliorated BBB disruption, attenuated brain edema, and improved neurological function after ICH. Moreover, the expression of zonula occludens-1 (ZO-1) and occludin were upregulated, and matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) was downregulated in the ICH model. DMP1 siRNA administration reversed the expression of ZO-1, occludin, and MMP-9. These results demonstrated that DMP1 upregulation plays an essential role in inducing BBB disruption and brain injury after ICH. The inhibition of DMP1 could be a potential therapeutic strategy for ICH treatment.

3.
Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 39(2): 129-135, 2021 Apr 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33834666

RESUMO

Oral-maxillofacial hard tissue is the support of maxillofacial structure and appearance, and lays the foundation for functions of oral and maxillofacial system. Once the defect occurs, it will not only affect the physiological functions such as chewing and pronunciation, but also have a significant impact on the psychological and social life of patients. However, the self-repairing capability of the oral-maxillofacial hard tissue is pretty limited, in which case, substitute materials are required for tissue repair. A huge gap exists between the physical, chemical, structural characteristics of conventional substitute materials and those of human hard tissues, resulting in poor repair effect. Based on this, scholars simulated the process of biomineralization in the development of hard tissues, to improve the structure and function of materials through biomimetic mineralization technology and enhance the repair performance of materials. The current understanding of biomineralization theory and the construction of biomimetic repair technology is still in the stage of rapid development. In recent years, a mass of innovative studies are keeping emerging. In this review, the representative advances in the repair of oral-maxillofacial hard tissues of the past five years are reviewed.


Assuntos
Biomimética , Humanos
4.
Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 39(2): 188-194, 2021 Apr 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33834674

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effects of antimicrobial peptide GH12 designed de novo on the structure, morphology, and composition of a cariogenic three-species biofilm. METHODS: The cariogenic three-species biofilm consis-ted of the cariogenic Streptococcus mutans (S. mutans) and commensal bacteria Streptococcus sanguinis (S. sanguinis) and Streptococcus gordonii (S. gordonii). The biofilm was treated using GH12 (2, 4, and 8 mg·L-1), and untreated biofilm was used as the control. Changes in the morphology and structure of the three-species biofilm were evaluated through crystal violet staining, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH). Moreover, S. mutans in the biofilm was selectively cultured, and its colony-forming units were counted. RESULTS: The biomass and density of the cariogenic three-species biofilm treated with GH12 decreased compared with those of the control. The number of S. mutans decreased gradually and eventually became undetectable, whereas the number of S. gordonii and S. sanguinis increased and became predominant in the biofilm. CONCLUSIONS: GH12 can reduce the number of S. mutans within the cariogenic three-species biofilm, destroys its integrity, and consequently makes the biofilm easy to remove.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Biofilmes , Humanos , Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente , Proteínas Citotóxicas Formadoras de Poros , Streptococcus mutans
5.
J Endod ; 2021 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33845108

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Diabetes Mellitus (DM) may affect the physical and mechanical properties of dentin, which could potentially have an impact on root canal procedures. This study aimed to compare the amount of dentin removed by an endodontic rotary file, comparing dentin from diabetic patients to dentin from control patients under laboratory conditions. METHODS: The amount of dentin removed was tested using new F2 ProTaper files applied against the surface of prepared dentin disks for three different groups; diabetic type I (D1), diabetic type II (D2), and non-diabetic (Normal). Dentin removed was determined by measuring the depth of penetration of the file using a digital caliper, and by measuring the weight loss. Data was analyzed using Kolmogorov-Smirnov, ANOVA, Post-Hoc Tukey, and Pearson Correlation tests (P < 0.05). RESULTS: Significantly more dentin was removed and the penetration of the F2 instrument was significantly higher (P<0.05) in DM specimens. The statistical analysis revealed significant differences between D1, D2, and Normal groups (P<0.05) for the weight loss of the specimen, as well as the penetration depth at point B (P<0.05). Both the weight loss and depth of penetration showed a very high positive correlation (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Dentin of patients suffering from both D1 and D2 exhibited an increased amount of dentin removed when compared to the non-diabetic dentin specimens. This can be observed by the increased penetration of the rotary instruments into dentin. Under certain circumstances, this may impact instrumentation, increasing procedural accidents, and leading to a subsequent weakening of root canal treated teeth in diabetic patients.

6.
J Oral Biosci ; 2021 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33845204

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Wnt signaling has been reported to be involved in dentin bridge formation. However, the detailed mechanism has not yet been clarified. We elucidated the localization of canonical Wnt signaling molecules during dentin bridge formation. METHODS: Pulp of the maxillary first molar in mice was exposed and directly capped with MTA cement. Maxillae were collected on the 1st, 4th, 7th, 14th, and 28th days after treatment. After µCT analysis, immunohistochemistry for Wnt3a, Wnt10a, ß-catenin, F4/80, and osterix was performed in paraffin-embedded sections. RESULTS: On the 4th and 7th days after pulp capping, odontoblasts and dental pulp cells expressed Wnt3a, Wnt10a, and ß-catenin. On the 14th day, reactionary dentin was formed around the pulp exposure area. Odontoblasts and dental pulp cells express Wnt3a, Wnt10a, and ß-catenin. Additionally, F4/80- and Wnt10a-positive macrophages were observed at the center of the dental pulp. When the dentin bridge was formed on the 28th day, reparative odontoblasts expressed Wnt3a, ß-catenin and osterix. CONCLUSION: Wnt ligands derived from odontoblasts and dental pulp cells are important for the activation of odontoblasts and the differentiation of reparative odontoblasts during dentin bridge formation. Macrophage-derived Wnts are also involved in reparative odontoblast differentiation.

7.
Dent Mater ; 2021 Apr 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33846017

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effectiveness of novel polymeric nanoparticles (NPs) doped with melatonin (ML) in reducing dentin permeability and facilitating dentin remineralization after endodontic treatment. METHODS: The effect of undoped NPs and ML-doped NPs (ML-NPs) was tested in radicular dentin, at 24 h and 6 m. A control group without NPs was included. ML liberation was measured. Radicular dentin was assessed for fluid filtration. Dentin remineralization was analyzed by scanning electron microscopy, AFM, Young's modulus (Ei), Nano DMA-tan delta, and Raman analysis. RESULTS: ML release ranged from 1.85 mg/mL at 24 h to 0.033 mg/mL at 28 d. Both undoped NPs and ML-NPs treated dentin exhibited the lowest microleakage, but samples treated with ML-NPs exhibited hermetically sealed dentinal tubules and extended mineral deposits onto dentin. ML-NPs promoted higher and durable Ei, and functional remineralization at root dentin, generating differences between the values of tan delta among groups and creating zones of stress concentration. Undoped-NPs produced closure of some tubules and porosities at the expense of a relative mineral amorphization. Chemical remineralization based on mineral and organic assessments was higher in samples treated with ML-NPs. When using undoped NPs, precipitation of minerals occurred; however, radicular dentin was not mechanically reinforced but weakened over time. SIGNIFICANCE: Application of ML-NPs in endodontically treated teeth, previous to the canal filling step, is encouraged due to occlusion of dentinal tubules and the reinforcement of the radicular dentin structure.

8.
Dent Mater ; 2021 Apr 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33846019

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of study was to develop and characterize experimental bioactive glasses (45S5 and niobophosphate bioactive glass (NbG)) and evaluate the effects of their addition in self-etching adhesive systems on physicochemical, mechanical, and bioactive properties, microtensile bond strength (µTBS), and nanoleakage (NL). METHODS: Two-step self-etching adhesive systems containing 5, 10, and 20 wt.% of 45S5 and NbG bioactive glasses were developed. An experimental adhesive without microparticles and a commercial adhesive (Clearfil SE Bond) were used as control groups. The materials were evaluated for their degree of conversion (DC%), ultimate tensile strength (UTS), softening in solvent, radiopacity, sorption and solubility, alkalizing activity (pH), ionic release, and bioactivity. µTBS and NL were evaluated after 24 h and 1 year of storage. The data were subjected to analysis of variance and post-Holm-Sidak tests (α = 0.05). RESULTS: The addition of the two bioactive glasses did not change the values of the degree of conversion, ultimate tensile strength, and softening in solvent. The adhesive system containing 20% NbG showed the highest radiopacity. The incorporation of 45S5 increased water sorption and solubility, raised the pH, and allowed the release of large amounts of calcium. After 28 days of immersion in simulated body fluid, the 45S5 adhesive precipitated hydroxyapatite and calcium carbonate (SEM/EDX, ATR/FTIR, and XDR). The addition of 45S5 and NbG to the adhesives improved the stability of the resin-dentin interface after 1 year. SIGNIFICANCE: The incorporation of microparticles from 45S5 bioactive glass in self-etching adhesive systems is considered an excellent alternative for the development of a bioactive adhesive that improves the integrity of the hybrid layer on sound dentin.

9.
Georgian Med News ; (311): 163-168, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33814412

RESUMO

The aim of the study was to determine the influence of various drinking liquids on an the dentoalveolar system in rats. The study was carried out on 25 white male rats from the nursery of Krolinfo branch of the Moscow region which were kept in standard vivarium conditions. Age of rats-3-6 months, weight - 150-200 grams. The study was carried out in accordance with the ethical principles of humane treatment of animals, in accordance with the current legislation of the Russian Federation. To assess the effect of consumed fluids, groups of 5 animals of the same sex (males, females) were used. The animals were randomly assigned to groups. Observation of animals was carried out for 6 months, during this period the animals were in conditions of free access to food and as drink received the studied liquids ad libitum. Experimental groups within 3 months received the following types of drink: I (control group) - tap water; The II group - Coca-Cola; The III group - honey water; The IV group - the distilled water; The V group - light water. The results obtained by the authors and the data provided in literature confirm that among the factors that affect the teeth condition, in particular the characteristics of the hardness of enamel and dentin, the use of various sugar-containing drinks, as well as the duration, quantity, and frequency of their use, can play a significant role. These factors remain largely unexplored at present. It is obvious that in order to stop caries, it is necessary to develop and carry out a set of preventive measures, including limiting the consumption of sweets and beverages containing sugar, along with regular dental care and a balanced diet.


Assuntos
Bebidas , Animais , Peso Corporal , Feminino , Masculino , Ratos , Federação Russa
10.
Acta Odontol Scand ; : 1-8, 2021 Apr 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33822667

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the dentin remineralization effect of the application of a functionalized tri-calcium phosphate (fTCP) dentifrice and a silver diamine fluoride (SDF) solution. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The materials used were: a fluoride-containing dentifrice with fTCP (fTCP+), a fluoride-containing dentifrice without fTCP (fTCP-) and a 38% SDF solution. Following treatment, the dentin slabs were immersed in a 0.1-M lactic acid buffer solution and then placed in artificial saliva. This procedure was repeated three times daily for 28 days. The propagation time of longitudinal ultrasonic velocities (UV) and the Knoop hardness (KH) of the samples were measured. The samples were also observed using scanning electron microscopy. RESULTS: The SDF and fTCP+ groups showed higher UV than the fTCP - group regardless of the application method. The F-SDF group at 28 days showed significantly higher UV (4121 ± 102 m/s) than the F-fTCP + group (3731 ± 65 m/s) (p < .05). The F-SDF group at 28 days showed significantly higher KH (47.4 ± 2.2) than the F-fTCP+ group (43.3 ± 1.0) and the F-fTCP - group (42.9 ± 2.1) (p < .05). Closure of the dentinal tubules and crystal precipitation was detected on the surface of the fTCP+ group to a greater extent than the fTCP - group. CONCLUSIONS: The fTCP-containing dentifrice and SDF solution effectively enhanced bovine dentin remineralization.

11.
Molecules ; 26(5)2021 Mar 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33802588

RESUMO

In contrast to enamel, dentin surfaces have been rarely used as substrates for studies evaluating the effects of experimental rinsing solutions on oral biofilm formation. The aim of the present in situ study was to investigate the effects of tannic acid and chitosan on 48-h biofilm formation on dentin surfaces. Biofilm was formed intraorally on dentin specimens, while six subjects rinsed with experimental solutions containing tannic acid, chitosan and water as negative or chlorhexidine as positive control. After 48 h of biofilm formation, specimens were evaluated for biofilm coverage and for viability of bacteria by fluorescence and scanning electron microscopy. In addition, saliva samples were collected after rinsing and analyzed by fluorescence (five subjects) and transmission electron microscopy (two subjects) in order to investigate the antibacterial effect on bacteria in a planktonic state and to visualize effects of the rinsing agents on salivary proteins. After rinsing with water, dentin specimens were covered by a multiple-layered biofilm with predominantly vital bacteria. In contrast, chlorhexidine led to dentin surfaces covered only by few and avital bacteria. By rinsing with tannic acid both strong anti-adherent and antibacterial effects were observed, but the effects declined in a time-dependent manner. Transmission electron micrographs of salivary samples indicated that aggregation of proteins and bacteria might explain the antiadhesion effects of tannic acid. Chitosan showed antibacterial effects on bacteria in saliva, while biofilm viability was only slightly reduced and no effects on bacterial adherence on dentin were observed, despite proteins being aggregated in saliva after rinsing with chitosan. Tannic acid is a promising anti-biofilm agent even on dentin surfaces, while rinsing with chitosan could not sufficiently prevent biofilm formation on dentin.

12.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(6)2021 Mar 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33804739

RESUMO

External root resorption (ERR) is a silent destructive phenomenon detrimental to dental health. ERR may have multiple etiologies such as infection, inflammation, traumatic injuries, pressure, mechanical stimulations, neoplastic conditions, systemic disorders, or idiopathic causes. Often, if undiagnosed and untreated, ERR can lead to the loss of the tooth or multiple teeth. Traditionally, clinicians have relied on radiographs and cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) images for the diagnosis of ERR; however, these techniques are not often precise or definitive and may require exposure of patients to more ionizing radiation than necessary. To overcome these shortcomings, there is an immense need to develop non-invasive approaches such as biomarker screening methods for rapid and precise diagnosis for ERR. In this review, we performed a literature survey for potential salivary or gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) proteomic biomarkers associated with ERR and analyzed the potential pathways leading to ERR. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first proteomics biomarker survey that connects ERR to body biofluids which represents a novel approach to diagnose and even monitor treatment progress for ERR.

13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33808616

RESUMO

In the literature, autogenous dentin is considered a possible alternative to bone substitute materials and autologous bone for certain indications. The aim of this proof-of-concept study was to use autogenous dentin for lateral ridge augmentation. In the present retrospective study, autogenous dentin slices were obtained from teeth and used for the reconstruction of lateral ridge defects (tooth-shell technique (TST): 28 patients (15 females, 13 males) with 34 regions and 38 implants). The bone-shell technique (BST) according to Khoury (31 patients (16 females, 15 males) with 32 regions and 41 implants) on autogenous bone served as the control. Implants were placed simultaneously in both cases. Follow-up was made 3 months after implantation. Target parameters during this period were clinical complications, horizontal hard tissue loss, osseointegration, and integrity of the buccal lamella. The prosthetic restoration with a fixed denture was carried out after 5 months. The total observation period was 5 months. A total of seven complications occurred. Of these, three implants were affected by wound dehiscences (TST: 1, BST: 2) and four by inflammations (TST: 0, BST: 4). There were no significant differences between the two groups in terms of the total number of complications. One implant with TST exhibited a horizontal hard tissue loss of 1 mm and one with BST of 0.5 mm. Other implants were not affected by hard tissue loss. There were no significant differences between the two groups. Integrity of the buccal lamella was preserved in all implants. All implants were completely osseointegrated in TST and BST. All implants could be prosthetically restored with a fixed denture 5 months after augmentation. TST showed results comparable to those of the BST. Dentin can therefore serve as an alternative material to avoid bone harvesting procedures and thus reduce postoperative discomfort of patients.

14.
Molecules ; 26(6)2021 Mar 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33809391

RESUMO

Stem cells from apical papilla (SCAPs) are desirable sources of dentin regeneration. Epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG), a natural component of green tea, shows potential in promoting the osteogenic differentiation of bone mesenchymal stem cells. However, whether EGCG regulates the odontogenic differentiation of SCAPs and how this occurs remain unknown. SCAPs from immature human third molars (16-20 years, n = 5) were treated with a medium containing different concentrations of EGCG or bone morphogenic protein 2 (BMP2), with or without LDN193189 (an inhibitor of the canonical BMP pathway). Cell proliferation and migration were analyzed using a CCK-8 assay and wound-healing assay, respectively. Osteo-/odontogenic differentiation was evaluated via alkaline phosphatase staining, alizarin red S staining, and the expression of osteo-/odontogenic markers using qPCR and Western blotting. We found that EGCG (1 or 10 µM) promoted the proliferation of SCAPs, increased alkaline phosphatase activity and mineral deposition, and upregulated the expression of osteo-/odontogenic markers including dentin sialophosphoprotein (Dspp), dentin matrix protein-1 (Dmp-1), bone sialoprotein (Bsp), and Type I collagen (Col1), along with the elevated expression of BMP2 and phosphorylation level of Smad1/5/9 (p < 0.01). EGCG at concentrations below 10 µM had no significant influence on cell migration. Moreover, EGCG-induced osteo-/odontogenic differentiation was significantly attenuated via LDN193189 treatment (p < 0.01). Furthermore, EGCG showed the ability to promote mineralization comparable with that of recombinant BMP2. Our study demonstrated that EGCG promotes the osteo-/odontogenic differentiation of SCAPs through the BMP-Smad signaling pathway.

15.
Aust Endod J ; 2021 Apr 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33813800

RESUMO

The root fracture resistance (RFR) of premolars extracted from diabetic patients and the effect of biomaterials: white mineral trioxide aggregate (WMTA) and WMTA+Na2 HPO4 as an additive, on enhancing RFR were evaluated. Diabetic and non-diabetic teeth were divided into 4 subgroups (n = 5): root canals were obturated with WMTA, WMTA+Na2 HPO4 , gutta-percha and one unfilled (control). A plunger (1 mm diameter) applied a downward compressive load with crosshead speed of 1 mm min-1 on the specimens mounted on resin blocks, and the ultimate force to fracture was measured. The mean RFR values of diabetic specimens were significantly lower. The lowest and highest means of RFR were recorded in the control and WMTA, in normal group and the control and WMTA+Na2 HPO4 in the diabetic group, respectively. The RFR in diabetic patients was significantly lower, indicating their higher susceptibility to fracture under vertical forces. The use of WMTA (with or without Na2 HPO4 ) for obturation enhances the RFR.

16.
Polymers (Basel) ; 13(5)2021 Mar 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33799923

RESUMO

Currently, the availability of a wide variety of universal adhesives makes it difficult for clinicians to choose the correct system for specific bonding situations to dentin substrate. This study aimed to determine whether there are any alternative techniques or additional strategies available to enhance the bond strength of universal adhesives to dentin through a systematic review and meta-analysis. Two reviewers executed a literature search up to September 2020 in four electronic databases: PubMed, ISI Web of Science, Scopus, and EMBASE. Only in vitro studies that reported the dentin bond strength of universal adhesives using additional strategies were included. An analysis was carried out using Review Manager Software version 5.3.5 (The Nordic Cochrane Centre, The Cochrane Collaboration, Copenhagen, Denmark). The methodological quality of each in vitro study was assessed according to the parameters of a previous systematic. A total of 5671 potentially relevant studies were identified. After title and abstract examination, 74 studies remained in systematic review. From these, a total of 61 studies were included in the meta-analysis. The bond strength of universal adhesives to dentin was improved by the use of one of the following techniques: Previous application of matrix metalloproteinases (MMP) inhibitors (p < 0.001), prolonged application time (p = 0.007), scrubbing technique (p < 0.001), selective dentin etching (p < 0.001), non-atmospheric plasma (p = 0.01), ethanol-wet bonding (p < 0.01), prolonged blowing time (p = 0.02), multiple layer application (p = 0.005), prolonged curing time (p = 0.006), and hydrophobic layer coating (p < 0.001). On the other hand, the use of a shortened application time (p = 0.006), and dentin desensitizers (p = 0.01) impaired the bond strength of universal adhesives to dentin. Most of the analyses performed showed a high heterogenicity. The in vitro evidence suggests that the application of universal adhesives using some alternative techniques or additional strategies may be beneficial for improving their bonding performance to dentin. This research received no external funding. Considering that this systematic review was carried out only with in vitro studies, registration was not performed.

17.
J Dent ; 109: 103655, 2021 Mar 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33798640

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION/OBJECTIVE: The tailored amorphous multi-porous (TAMP) material fabrication technology has led to a new class of bioactive materials possessing versatile characteristics. It has not been tested for dental applications. Thus, we aimed to assess its biocompatibility and ability to regenerate dental mineral tissue. METHODS: 30CaO-70SiO2 model TAMP discs were fabricated by a sol-gel method followed by in vitro biocompatibility testing with isolated human or mini-swine dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs). TAMP scaffolds were tested in vivo as a pulp exposure (pin-point, 1 mm, 2 mm, and entire pulp chamber roof) capping material in the molar teeth of mini-swine. RESULTS: The in vitro assays showed that DPSCs attached well onto the TAMP discs with comparable viability to those attached to culture plates. Pulp capping tests on mini-swine showed that after 4.5 months TAMP material was still present at the capping site, and mineral tissue (dentin bridge) had formed in all sizes of pulp exposure underneath the TAMP material. CONCLUSIONS: TAMP calcium silicate is biocompatible with both human and swine DPSCs in vitro and with pulp in vivo, it may help regenerate the dentin bridge after pulp exposure.

18.
Dent Mater J ; 2021 Apr 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33827998

RESUMO

We investigated the remineralization effects of Nanoseal (NS) dentin desensitizer on demineralized root dentin. Baseline lesion specimens prepared from bovine root dentin were immersed in artificial saliva (AS) or deionized water (DW) after treatment with NS or fluoride-free Nanoseal (NS(-)). Treatment and control groups comprised: 1, AS; 2, NS/AS; 3, NS(-)/AS; 4,NS/DW; 5, NS(-)/DW; and 6, baseline demineralization. Integrated mineral loss (IML) and lesion depth (LD) were determined by transverse microradiography. Fluoride concentrations in the immersion solutions were measured. AS, NS/AS and NS(-)/AS showed higher mineral volume % at the surface and lesion body than did other groups. NS/AS showed significantly lower IML than did AS. There was no significant difference in IML between NS/AS and NS(-)/AS. The highest concentration of fluoride was in the NS/AS immersion solution. The findings suggest Nanoseal facilitated remineralization of demineralized root dentin, and fluoride and other ions included may have contributed to this effect.

19.
Dent Mater J ; 2021 Apr 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33828001

RESUMO

The aim of the present study was to assess the duration of dentin tubule occlusion by the calcium phosphate precipitation (CPP) method in the vital teeth of beagle dogs. Vital teeth were treated using the CPP method, potassium oxalate, or a bonding agent (Liner bond II) after cavity preparation and acid etching. The dentin tubules of all groups, except for the bonding agent, opened more widely with time in the absence of plaque control. Dentin tubules treated with the CPP method were open and no precipitate remained in the absence of plaque control. Differences were observed in dentin tubule occlusion when plaque control was achieved by daily tooth brushing. The majority of dentin tubules were occluded with an apatitic precipitate seven days after the CPP method with plaque control. The present results demonstrated that the CPP method is useful with proper plaque control.

20.
Stem Cell Rev Rep ; 2021 Apr 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33829353

RESUMO

A new source of mesenchymal stem cells has recently been discovered, the so-called dental pulp derived stem cells (DPSCs) which therefore could represent potentially tools for regenerative medicine. DPSC originate from the neural crest and are physiologically involved in dentin homeostasis; moreover, they contribute to bone remodeling and differentiation into several tissues including cartilage, bone, adipose and nervous tissues. DPSCs have also been shown to influence the angiogenesis process, for example through the release of secretory factors or by differentiating into vascular and/or perivascular cells. Angiogenesis, that has a pivotal role in tissue regeneration and repair, is defined as the formation of new vessels from preexisting vessels and is mediated by mutual and reciprocal interactions between endothelial cells and perivascular cells. It is also known that co-cultures of perivascular and endothelial cells (ECs) can form a vascular network in vitro and also in vivo. Since DPSCs seem to have characteristics similar to pericytes, understanding the possible mechanism of interaction between DPSCs and ECs during neo-angiogenesis is dramatically important for the development of advanced clinical application in the field of regeneration.

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