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1.
Terminologia | DeCS - Descritores em Ciências da Saúde | ID: 009486

RESUMO

Intravenous injections of sodium amytal or sodium pentothal to induce a state in which the patient is more relaxed and communicative. Narcosuggestion, narcosynthesis, and narcoanalysis are therapeutic processes using these drug adjuncts.


Inyecciones intravenosas de amital sódico o pentotal sódico para inducir un estado en el cual el paciente está más relajado y comunicativo. Narcosugestión, narcosíntesis y narcoanálisis son procesos terapéuticos que usan estas drogas asociadas.


Injeções intravenosas de amital sódico para induzir um estado no qual o paciente fica mais relaxado e comunicativo. Narcossugestão, narcossíntese e narcoanálise são processos terapêuticos com base nestas drogas associadas.

2.
Rev. neuro-psiquiatr. (Impr.) ; 83(1): 40-44, ene. 2020.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1144863

RESUMO

Resumen A finales del siglo XIX comenzaron a utilizarse sustancias tales como los bromuros para inducir sueño profundo en personas con trastornos mentales. El uso de barbitúricos con el mismo fin fue reportado por Epifanio en 1913, pero fue Kläsi quien difundió con más éxito la administración de aquellos medicamentos, particularmente el Somnifen, y la denominó "cura de sueño prolongado" o "narcosis prolongada" (dauernarkose), a partir de la década de 1920. En 1934 se introdujo el Cloettal, una mezcla de barbitúricos y otros compuestos, en reemplazo del Somnifen. El uso de este procedimiento declinó con la aparición de otros métodos terapéuticos, pero continuó por varias décadas. En la Unión Soviética, la cura de sueño estuvo influida por la doctrina pavloviana, y se usó tanto para trastornos mentales como para padecimientos considerados psicosomáticos. El mayor desprestigio del método se dio en el Hospital de Chelmsford, en Australia, donde se reportaron 25 muertes asociadas a su uso durante el periodo 1963-1979. En el 2009, el Colegio Real de Psiquiatras de Australia y Nueva Zelanda concluyó que "la terapia de sueño profundo y la administración de barbitúricos endovenosos no tiene lugar en el tratamiento de trastornos psiquiátricos". Aun cuando en la actualidad no forma parte de ningún tratamiento convencional, la cura de sueño sigue siendo ofrecida y solicitada.


Summary At the end of the 19th century, substances such as bromides began to be used to induce deep sleep in people with mental disorders. The use of barbiturates for the same purpose was reported by Epifanio in 1913, but it was Kläsi, in the early 1920s, who most successfully fostered the administration of such agents, particularly Somnifen, for what he called "sleep cure" or "prolonged narcosis" (dauernarkose). In 1934 Cloettal, a mixture of barbiturates and other compounds, was introduced to replace Somnifen. The use of this procedure declined with the appearance of other therapeutic methods, but continued for several decades. In the Soviet Union, sleep cure was influenced by the Pavlovian doctrine, and used for both mental disorders and conditions considered as psychosomatic. The method's greatest discredit occurred at Chelmsford Hospital in Australia, where 25 deaths associated with its use were reported during the period 1963-1979. In 2009, the Royal College of Psychiatrists of Australia and New Zealand concluded that "deep sleep therapy and the administration of intravenous barbiturates has no place in the treatment of psychiatric disorders". Even though, currently it is not part of any conventional treatment, sleep cure is still offered and requested.

4.
J Psychoactive Drugs ; 41(2): 199-202, 2009 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19705682

RESUMO

The history of narcotherapy is outlined and reasons are given for its current obsolescence. A modified procedure and two cases in which it has been employed successfully are described. The rationale of narcotherapy and its application to the treatment of post-traumatic stress disorders are discussed and elucidated.


Assuntos
Sonoterapia/métodos , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sonoterapia/tendências
6.
São Paulo; IDPC; 2001. 113 p.
Monografia em Português | LILACS, Sec. Est. Saúde SP, SESSP-IDPCPROD, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: biblio-1077705

RESUMO

A doença arterial coronária ainda é a primeira causa de mortalidade no mundo ocidental, apesar do constante avanço em sua prevenção e tratamento...


Assuntos
Angioplastia , Braquiterapia , Crioterapia , Doença das Coronárias/complicações , Reestenose Coronária , Sirolimo , Sonoterapia , Stents
7.
São Paulo; IDPC; 2001. 113 p. il..
em Português | DANTEPAZZANESE, SESSP-IDPCACERVO | ID: dan-3809
8.
J Pain Symptom Manage ; 18(2): 132-6, 1999 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-10484861

RESUMO

A patient who was unresponsive to multiple conservative medical treatments for complex regional pain syndrome was assessed using a novel approach--the sodium pentothal hypnosis interview. The interview suggested that his pain was centrally generated. The patient's pain symptoms resolved with hypnotherapeutic treatment. Indications for this procedure and implications for assessment and treatment are discussed. This case raises more questions than it answers, and leaves the reader to struggle with current difficulties in diagnostic decision-making.


Assuntos
Hipnóticos e Sedativos/uso terapêutico , Entrevista Psicológica , Sonoterapia/métodos , Manejo da Dor , Tiopental/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Humanos , Masculino , Dor/psicologia , Síndrome
9.
Ginebra; Organización Mundial de la Salud; 1999.
em Chinês, Azerbaijani, Inglês, Grego Moderno, Francês, Italiano, Japonês, Alemão, Russo, Polonês, Romano, Espanhol, Servo-Croata (Latino), Turco | WHO IRIS | ID: who-42246
10.
Genève; Organisation mondiale de la Santé; 1999.
em Azerbaijani, Chinês, Inglês, Grego Moderno, Francês, Italiano, Alemão, Japonês, Russo, Polonês, Espanhol, Romano, Servo-Croata (Latino), Turco | WHO IRIS | ID: who-42234
11.
Geneva; World Health Organization; 1998.
em Azerbaijani, Chinês, Inglês, Búlgaro, Francês, Grego Moderno, Italiano, Alemão, Japonês, Russo, Polonês, Espanhol, Romano, Servo-Croata (Latino), Turco | WHO IRIS | ID: who-42001
12.
Genève; Organisation mondiale de la Santé; 1997.
em Francês, Búlgaro, Grego Moderno, Chinês, Gu, Inglês, Húngaro, Sérvio, Alemão, Português, Thai, Turco, Russo, Árabe, Vietnamês, Indonesio, Italiano, Japonês | WHO IRIS | ID: who-41973
13.
J Clin Psychiatry ; 57(3): 111-3, 1996 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-8617694

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The drug-assisted interview appears to be declining in psychiatric practice. This decline may be due in part to complexities in the use of barbiturates, which have a narrow therapeutic index. METHOD: Five patients who had depression and/or posttraumatic stress disorder underwent drug-assisted interviews for which midazolam and pulse oximetry monitoring were used. RESULTS: The midazolam-pulse oximetry technique resulted in consistent and easily monitored levels of conscious sedation. Midazolam was judged comparably effective to amobarbital and easier to use. CONCLUSION: A simple, safe, and effective technique for drug-assisted interviewing for which midazolam and continuous pulse oximetry monitoring are used is described.


Assuntos
Transtorno Depressivo/terapia , Midazolam/administração & dosagem , Sonoterapia , Oximetria , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/terapia , Adulto , Amobarbital/administração & dosagem , Barbitúricos/administração & dosagem , Sedação Consciente , Transtorno Depressivo/sangue , Transtorno Depressivo/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Infusões Intravenosas , Injeções Intravenosas , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Oxigênio/sangue , Fatores Sexuais , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/sangue , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/psicologia
14.
Ginebra; Organización Mundial de la Salud; 1996.
em Espanhol, Búlgaro, Chinês, Grego Moderno, Inglês, Gu, Francês, Húngaro, Alemão, Malaio, Português, Polonês, Russo, Sérvio, Thai, Árabe, Turco, Vietnamês, Bn, Indonesio, Italiano, Japonês | WHO IRIS | ID: who-41854
15.
Geneva; World Health Organization; 1996.
em Inglês, Búlgaro, Holandês, Chinês, Grego Moderno, Árabe, Francês, Gu, Alemão, Húngaro, Servo-Croata (Latino), Português, Russo, Vietnamês, Bn, Espanhol, Indonesio, Italiano, Japonês, Malaio, Thai, Ur, Sérvio | WHO IRIS | ID: who-37896
16.
Женева; Всемирная организация здравоохранения; 1996.
em Russo | WHO IRIS | ID: who-141306

RESUMO

Во многих частях мира большинство больных раком обращаются за медицинской помощью на далеко зашедшей стадии болезни, и единственными видами лечения, которые они реально могут получить, остаются облегчение болей и паллиативная терапия. В 1986 г. в первом издании этой книги был предложен метод обезболивания при раке, основанный на применении небольшого числа относительно недорогих лекарственных средств, включая морфин. Полевые испытания этого метода в нескольких странах показали его эффективность у большинства онкологических больных. Первое издание было переведено на 22 языка, и всего было продано свыше полумиллиона экземпляров, что отражает растущие осведомленность о проблеме болей при раке и интерес к ней. Во втором издании учтены многие научные и практические достижения, имевшие место за минувшее десятилетие. Основа для пересмотра первого издания была заложена в 1989 г. в контексте совещания Комитета экспертов ВОЗ по обезболиванию при раке и активной поддерживающей терапии. С тех пор каждый раздел книги был тщательно пересмотрен и обновлен, а также добавлен новый раздел, в котором рассматриваются вопросы доступности опиоидов. Важно подчеркнуть, что обезболивание при раке должно быть частью многостороннего паллиативного лечения. Первостепенное значение при этом имеют снижение интенсивности других симптомов болезни и психологическая, социальная и моральная поддержка больного. Попытки облегчить боли без обращения к проблемам больного, прямо не связанным с его физическим состоянием, скорее всего приведут к разочарованию и обречены на неудачу.


Assuntos
Neoplasias , Dor , Sonoterapia , Entorpecentes
17.
Epilepsia ; 36(1): 7-15, 1995 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-8001512

RESUMO

Twenty-two patients with intractable complex partial seizures (CPS) were treated with temporal lobectomy. Eighteen of 22 (82%) are seizure-free while receiving medication, with a mean follow-up time of 4 years. In each case, the clinical seizure pattern, interictal and ictal scalp EEG, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), neuropsychological testing, and results of the intracarotid amobarbital procedure (IAP) converged to indicate a localized abnormality. None of the patients in this series had mass lesions, vascular malformations, or cortical scars, but 18 of 22 had hippocampal atrophy on MRI and 20 had hippocampal sclerosis (HS) on pathologic examination. We believe it is possible, on the basis of the preoperative evaluation described, to identify a population of epileptic patients who will do very well postoperatively. Such patients do not require invasive EEG monitoring, and they represent approximately 20% of the patients treated surgically in our epilepsy unit in the past several years.


Assuntos
Eletroencefalografia , Epilepsia Parcial Complexa/cirurgia , Lobo Temporal/cirurgia , Adolescente , Adulto , Amobarbital , Epilepsia Parcial Complexa/diagnóstico , Epilepsia Parcial Complexa/patologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Lateralidade Funcional , Hipocampo/patologia , Humanos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sonoterapia , Testes Neuropsicológicos , Prognóstico , Esclerose/diagnóstico , Esclerose/patologia , Lobo Temporal/patologia , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
Neuropsychobiology ; 31(4): 182-94, 1995.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-7659199

RESUMO

This is the first report on a controlled study comparing the therapeutic and non-therapeutic (side) effects of electroconvulsive treatment (ECT) and isoflurane narcotherapy (ISONAR; deep anesthesias with the inhalation of anesthetic isoflurane) in drug-refractory, severely depressed women, who had been randomly allocated either to ECT (n = 10) or ISONAR (n = 10). Patients from each group were subjected to a total of six treatment sessions (two sessions per week) and maintained on a fixed antidepressant drug dose. The antidepressant efficacy of either treatment was evaluated for each treatment session (in search of a 'rapid antidepressant effect') and at weekly intervals. Cognitive functions or signs of an organic brain syndrome were evaluated by means of psychological tests and extensive EEG analyses. Rapid antidepressant effects of the first treatment session were only significant in patients on ISONAR; in the subsequent treatment sessions, ECT also induced rapid antidepressant effects. Antidepressant effects during the treatment period were comparable, and patients on ISONAR improved further during follow-up, whereas patients on ECT tended to relapse. ISONAR-treated patients improved in most psychometric variables, whereas patients on ECT deteriorated. Finally, the EEG patterns of the ISONAR-treated patients remained normal or augmented (dominant alpha power), whereas patients on ECT developed an increase in abnormalities in EEG patterns and theta/delta power. This indicates an organic brain syndrome in patients on ECT.


Assuntos
Antidepressivos/uso terapêutico , Transtorno Depressivo/tratamento farmacológico , Isoflurano/uso terapêutico , Sonoterapia , Adulto , Transtorno Depressivo/psicologia , Método Duplo-Cego , Resistência a Medicamentos , Eletroconvulsoterapia , Eletroencefalografia , Feminino , Humanos , Isoflurano/efeitos adversos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Escalas de Graduação Psiquiátrica , Psicometria
19.
Epilepsia ; 35(6): 1321-7, 1994.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-7988527

RESUMO

We report the case of a 44-year-old woman with complex partial seizures (CPS) of right frontotemporal origin who developed generalized amnesia after undergoing intracranial electrode implantation complicated by left hippocampal hemorrhage. Serial memory testing disclosed recovery from the amnesic disorder, while repeated magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed resolution of her left hippocampal hemorrhage in a 2-month period. A second intracarotid amytal procedure confirmed the capability of her left temporal region to support memory. Consequently, a right orbitofrontotemporal lobectomy was performed without complication.


Assuntos
Amnésia/etiologia , Hemorragia Cerebral/etiologia , Eletrodos Implantados/efeitos adversos , Epilepsia Parcial Complexa/diagnóstico , Lateralidade Funcional , Hematoma/etiologia , Lobo Temporal/cirurgia , Adulto , Amnésia/diagnóstico , Amobarbital , Lesões Encefálicas/etiologia , Lesões Encefálicas/patologia , Hemorragia Cerebral/patologia , Eletroencefalografia , Epilepsia Parcial Complexa/cirurgia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Hematoma/patologia , Hipocampo/lesões , Hipocampo/patologia , Hipocampo/fisiologia , Humanos , Angiografia por Ressonância Magnética , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Memória/fisiologia , Sonoterapia , Testes Neuropsicológicos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Técnicas Estereotáxicas , Lobo Temporal/fisiologia
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