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1.
J Refract Surg ; 38(5): 304-309, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35536706

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To compare prediction error outcomes between the Optiwave Refractive Analysis System (ORA) (Alcon Laboratories, Inc) and two modern intraocular lens (IOL) formulas (Hill-RBF2.0 [HRBF] and Barrett Universal II [BUII]), and further analyze IOL selection in scenarios of disagreement between methods. METHODS: Patients with no previous history of corneal refractive surgery who underwent cataract extraction and had intraoperative aberrometry measurements between October 2016 and December 2019 were analyzed. The prediction error for the ORA, HRBF, and BUII were calculated based on the postoperative manifest refraction. Further analysis was performed evaluating prediction error for scenarios of disagreement between the three methods. RESULTS: After exclusions, 281 eyes were included. The mean absolute prediction errors were 0.28 diopters (D) (ORA), 0.31 D (HRBF), and 0.33 D (BUII) (P < .05). In instances when the IOL recommended by the ORA was in disagreement with what was selected preoperatively, there was no benefit when the lens recommended by the ORA was selected based on anecdotal experience. When further analyzing these instances of disagreement, selecting the ORA-recommended lens when it is higher in power results in improved refractive outcomes: the ORA resulted in more eyes within ±0.25 diopters (D) of predicted spherical error (65% ORA, 37% HRBF, 32% BUII; P = .004) and fewer hyperopic surprises (5% ORA, 15% HRBF, 24% BUII; P = .009). CONCLUSIONS: In normal eyes without previous corneal refractive surgery, intraoperative aberrometry is not different from to two modern preoperative IOL formulas. Placing the ORA-recommended lens when it is higher in power than that selected preoperatively results in better refractive outcomes. [J Refract Surg. 2022;38(5):304-309.].


Assuntos
Lentes Intraoculares , Miopia , Facoemulsificação , Aberrometria/métodos , Biometria/métodos , Humanos , Miopia/cirurgia , Óptica e Fotônica , Refração Ocular , Estudos Retrospectivos
2.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 7357, 2022 05 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35513494

RESUMO

To compare the predictive refractive accuracy of intraoperative aberrometry (ORA) to the preoperative Barrett True-K formula in the calculation of intraocular lens (IOL) power in eyes with prior refractive surgery undergoing cataract surgery at the Loma Linda University Eye Institute, Loma Linda, California, USA. We conducted a retrospective chart review of patients with a history of post-myopic or hyperopic LASIK/PRK who underwent uncomplicated cataract surgery between October 2016 and March 2020. Pre-operative measurements were performed utilizing the Barrett True-K formula. Intraoperative aberrometry (ORA) was used for aphakic refraction and IOL power calculation during surgery. Predictive refractive accuracy of the two methods was compared based on the difference between achieved and intended target spherical equivalent. A total of 97 eyes (69 patients) were included in the study. Of these, 81 eyes (83.5%) had previous myopic LASIK/PRK and 16 eyes (16.5%) had previous hyperopic LASIK/PRK. Median (MedAE)/mean (MAE) absolute prediction errors for preoperative as compared to intraoperative methods were 0.49 D/0.58 D compared to 0.42 D/0.51 D, respectively (P = 0.001/0.002). Over all, ORA led to a statistically significant lower median and mean absolute error compared to the Barrett True-K formula in post-refractive eyes. Percentage of eyes within ± 1.00 D of intended target refraction as predicted by the preoperative versus the intraoperative method was 82.3% and 89.6%, respectively (P = 0.04). Although ORA led to a statistically significant lower median absolute error compared to the Barrett True-K formula, the two methods are clinically comparable in predictive refractive accuracy in patients with prior refractive surgery.


Assuntos
Catarata , Hiperopia , Ceratomileuse Assistida por Excimer Laser In Situ , Lentes Intraoculares , Miopia , Facoemulsificação , Aberrometria/métodos , Biometria/métodos , Humanos , Hiperopia/cirurgia , Miopia/cirurgia , Óptica e Fotônica , Refração Ocular , Estudos Retrospectivos
4.
BMC Ophthalmol ; 22(1): 153, 2022 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35366842

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Angle kappa plays a vital role in the implantation of multifocal intraocular lens (MIOL). Large angle kappa is related to a higher risk of postoperative photic phenomena. This study aims to compare preoperative angle kappa in the eyes of cataract patients obtained from the Pentacam Scheimpflug system (Pentacam), optical low-coherence reflectometry (Lenstar), and ray-tracing aberrometry (iTrace). METHODS: One hundred thirteen eyes of 113 patients with cataracts were included. Each eye was examined 3 times using all devices to obtain angle kappa and pupil diameter. When considering dependent eyes for one individual, angle kappa in both right eyes and left eyes should be analysed separately. The repeatability and reproducibility were evaluated using the within-subject standard deviation (Sw), repeatability (2.77 Sw), and intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC). The difference, correlation, and agreement between devices were evaluated by paired t-tests, Pearson tests, and Bland-Altman analysis, respectively. RESULTS: Intraoperator repeatability and interoperator and intersession reproducibility of angle kappa showed an Sw of less than 0.05 mm, a 2.77 Sw of 0.14 mm or less, and an ICC of more than 0.96. Angle kappa was not significantly different between Pentacam and Lenstar (P > 0.05), while angle kappa was significantly different between Pentacam and iTrace and between Lenstar and iTrace (P < 0.05). There was a strong correlation between Pentacam and Lenstar for angle kappa (r =0.907 to 0.918) and a weak or moderate correlation between Pentacam and iTrace and between Lenstar and iTrace (r =0.292 to 0.618). There were narrow 95% limits of agreement (LoA) between Pentacam and Lenstar for angle kappa and wide 95% LoA between Pentacam and iTrace and between Lenstar and iTrace. No significant differences in pupil diameter were found between Pentacam and Lenstar in either eye (P > 0.05). Positive angle kappa (nasal light reflex) was found in most cataract patients (79.25% to 84.91%) through 3 different devices in both eyes. CONCLUSIONS: The 3 devices provided high intraoperator repeatability and interoperator and intersession reproducibility for angle kappa measurements. The measurement of preoperative angle kappa in the eyes of patients with cataracts by Pentacam and Lenstar has good agreement.


Assuntos
Catarata , Lentes Intraoculares Multifocais , Aberrometria , Catarata/diagnóstico , Córnea , Humanos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
5.
Ophthalmic Physiol Opt ; 42(3): 594-608, 2022 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35147226

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To compare corneal topography, pachymetry and higher order aberrations in keratoconic and normal eyes; to investigate their association in keratoconic eyes; and to determine their diagnostic ability for detecting subclinical keratoconus in a Nepalese population. METHODS: Ninety-six eyes of 48 keratoconus patients and 50 normal eyes of 50 control subjects were included in this study. The eyes of keratoconus patients were classified into four different study groups: subclinical, stage 1, stage 2 and advanced stage keratoconus. In each eye, corneal topography, pachymetry and corneal aberrometry indices were measured using a Sirius corneal tomographer. The study parameters of keratoconic eyes were compared with normal eyes, and the possible association of corneal aberrometry with topography and pachymetry indices was investigated. The area under curve (AUC) of receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves along with optimal cutoff values with best sensitivity and specificity were also determined for each index to detect subclinical keratoconus. RESULTS: All the indices except average keratometry measurements (Kavg and mmavg ) and spherical aberration (SA) were found to be significantly different in subclinical keratoconus compared to the control group (p < 0.05). In keratoconic eyes, all corneal aberrations were significantly correlated with the topography and pachymetry indices (range of ρ: -0.25 to 0.96; all p < 0.05) except for trefoil and minimum corneal thickness (Thkmin ). All the indices except Kavg , mmavg and SA showed excellent diagnostic ability (AUC > 0.90) in detecting subclinical keratoconus. The cutoff values proposed for the asymmetry index of the corneal back surface (SIb ), Strehl ratio of point spread function (PSF), coma and Baiocchi-Calossi-Versaci index of corneal back surface (BCVb ) each showed excellent sensitivity (100%) and specificity (≥97%). CONCLUSIONS: Corneal higher order aberrations were found to be significantly elevated in subclinical keratoconus compared to healthy controls. SIb , PSF, coma and BCVb were identified as the most powerful Sirius indices for the detection of subclinical keratoconus.


Assuntos
Ceratocone , Aberrometria , Córnea , Paquimetria Corneana , Topografia da Córnea , Humanos , Ceratocone/diagnóstico , Curva ROC , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
6.
Am J Ophthalmol ; 237: 211-220, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34788593

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Wavefront-guided laser in situ keratomileusis (WFG-LASIK) and small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE) are keratorefractive surgeries that can improve uncorrected visual acuity in myopic patients. Comparison of visual outcomes in myopic patients treated with LASIK and SMILE is needed. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized contralateral eye-controlled trial. METHODS: We performed a single-center prospective, randomized contralateral eye comparison of WFG-LASIK and SMILE (NCT03067077). Myopic patients with low levels of astigmatism were treated with WFG-LASIK in one eye and SMILE in the fellow eye from March 2017 to March 2021. Treatments were randomized by ocular dominance. WFG-LASIK and SMILE were performed. Postoperative evaluation at 1 day consisted of uncorrected distance visual acuity (UDVA), wavefront aberrometry, and a slit-lamp examination. On subsequent postoperative visits at 1 month, 3 months, 6 months, and 12 months, UDVA, manifest refraction, 5% and 25% low-contrast visual acuity, wavefront aberrometry, and slit-lamp examination were performed. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: The primary outcome measure was UDVA at 12 months. RESULTS: Eighty-eight eyes of 44 patients with myopia were enrolled in the study. Seventy-four eyes of 37 patients had successful treatments and completed 12 months of follow-up. At postoperative month 12, there were a significantly higher proportion of WFG-LASIK eyes that had ≥20/20 UDVA compared with SMILE eyes (94% vs 83%, P < .05). There was no difference between spherical equivalent between WFG-LASIK eyes and SMILE eyes (-0.17 ± 0.25 vs -0.29 ± 0.38, P > .05); there was no difference in higher order aberrations, including coma, trefoil, and spherical aberrations (P > 0.05); and there were a significantly higher proportion of WFG-LASIK eyes that had improved 5% and 25% low-contrast visual acuity compared with SMILE eyes (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: WFG-LASIK and SMILE both offered marked improvements in corrected distance visual acuity and excellent predictability in both eyes. Compared with SMILE, WFG-LASIK resulted in faster visual recovery, better low-contrast visual acuity, and greater gains in uncorrected visual acuity.


Assuntos
Aberrações de Frente de Onda da Córnea , Ceratomileuse Assistida por Excimer Laser In Situ , Miopia , Aberrometria , Substância Própria/cirurgia , Aberrações de Frente de Onda da Córnea/diagnóstico , Humanos , Ceratomileuse Assistida por Excimer Laser In Situ/métodos , Lasers de Excimer/uso terapêutico , Miopia/diagnóstico , Miopia/cirurgia , Estudos Prospectivos , Refração Ocular , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
Klin Monbl Augenheilkd ; 239(2): 233-252, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34798664

RESUMO

The early stage of a keratoconus (KC), without classic and characteristic clinical findings, is a contraindication for refractive surgery. This article therefore shows, in accordance with the current state of the art, ways of identifying risk factors for subclinical keratoconus.After delimitation, this publication contains a current summary of epidemiology, etiology and pathophysiology of subclinical and clinical KC. Furthermore, an overview of different grading scales is given. A detailed description of several practical possibilities for detection of subclinical KC is the focus of this publication: typical abnormalities with subclinical KC in ocular aberrometry, corneal topography, Zernike analysis, Fourier analysis, indices of the corneal anterior surface; especially tomography of the anterior segment of the eye respecting addition of the corneal posterior surface and the pachymetry, and also innovative techniques counting in the rigidity or biomechanical properties, as well as traditional techniques giving hints for subclinical KC as retinoscopy, ophthalmoscopy and subjective refraction.In preparation for refractive surgical interventions and to avoid possible consequences of subclinical KC, a suitable analysis with different methods should always be carried out in addition to a specific anamnesis. An exclusive consideration of the available indices is not sufficient, as this does not reveal early stages. Ideally, the biomechanics of the cornea is included in the diagnosis. The combination of tomography and biomechanics with methods of artificial intelligence are trendsetting in detection of subclinical KC.


Assuntos
Ceratocone , Aberrometria , Inteligência Artificial , Córnea , Paquimetria Corneana/métodos , Topografia da Córnea/métodos , Humanos , Ceratocone/diagnóstico , Ceratocone/epidemiologia
8.
Int Ophthalmol ; 42(1): 177-189, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34424437

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To assess refractive and visual outcomes following phacoemulsification with femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery (FLACS) using intraoperative aberrometry and implantation of a toric intraocular lens (IOL) in eyes with different degrees of astigmatism. METHODS: One hundred two eyes of 70 patients who underwent implantation of the transitional toric 565 Precizon IOL (Ophtec BV) were enrolled. FLACS, capsular tension ring insertion, and intraoperative aberrometry were performed. Main outcome measures were refractive error, uncorrected- and corrected distance snellen decimal visual acuity values (UDVA and CDVA, respectively), and IOL rotation. Specifically, a vector analysis was carried out with J0 and J45 evaluation. Eyes were evaluated 1-year after surgery. RESULTS: Overall, 94.12% (96 eyes) and 100% (102 eyes) of the eyes showed a spherical equivalent (SE) within ± 0.50D and ± 1.00D, respectively. The mean SE and refractive cylinder were - 0.06 ± 0.29D and - 0.23 ± 0.37D, respectively. Vector analysis revealed that 100% of the eyes were within ± 0.50D for the J0 and J45 cylindrical components. The mean toric axis rotation was 1.10 ± 1.71° (from 0° to 5°), 77% (79 eyes), and 100% (102 eyes) of the eyes showed UDVA and CDVA of 20/25, respectively. The postoperative mean values of monocular UDVA and CDVA were 0.88 ± 0.17 and 0.96 ± 0.07 (about 20/20), respectively. No patient required IOL realignment during the postoperative follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: The present study suggests that the use of the Precizon IOL after FLACS, using intraoperative aberrometry in patients with different amounts of astigmatism, provides good visual acuity, accurate refractive outcomes, and excellent rotational stability.


Assuntos
Astigmatismo , Catarata , Lentes Intraoculares , Facoemulsificação , Aberrometria , Astigmatismo/diagnóstico , Astigmatismo/etiologia , Astigmatismo/cirurgia , Humanos , Lasers , Implante de Lente Intraocular , Estudos Prospectivos , Refração Ocular
9.
Cornea ; 41(4): 435-442, 2022 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34267059

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of implantation of a new continuous corneal ring in keratoconic corneas of an Iranian population. METHODS: This study was conducted on 95 contact lens-intolerant keratoconic eyes with clear central corneas. A continuous corneal ring, annular intrastromal corneal inlay (AICI), was inserted using femtosecond laser in all cases. Patients were followed up for 1, 3, and 12 months postsurgery. Visual and subjective refractive outcomes were evaluated in each examination. Besides, keratometry and aberrometric values were recorded before and 12 months after surgery. Finally, vector analysis of refractive astigmatism was performed using the Alpins method. RESULTS: The uncorrected and corrected distance visual acuities improved significantly 12 months after surgery from 0.91 ± 0.39 to 0.38 ± 0.22 (P < 0 0.001) and 0.33 ± 0.21 to 0.13 ± 0.11 logMAR (P < 0.001), respectively. Moreover, spherical and cylindrical refractive components reduced from -2.52 ± 2.62 to -0.76 ± 1.78 D (P < 0.001) and -4.14 ± 1.64 to -1.91 ± 1.18 D (P < 0.001), respectively. The mean anterior keratometry had a significant reduction 12 months after AICI insertion (P< 0.001). Primary coma and spherical aberration values showed a significant increase (both, P < 0.05). Our results showed 100% safety (safety index: 1.8) and 45% efficacy (efficacy index: 1). CONCLUSIONS: AICI implantation seemed to be a safe and effective procedure for improving visual acuity and refractive outcomes in subjects with keratoconus.


Assuntos
Substância Própria/cirurgia , Ceratocone/cirurgia , Próteses e Implantes , Implantação de Prótese/métodos , Aberrometria , Adulto , Topografia da Córnea , Aberrações de Frente de Onda da Córnea/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Irã (Geográfico) , Ceratocone/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Desenho de Prótese , Refração Ocular/fisiologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Acuidade Visual/fisiologia
10.
Opt Express ; 29(17): 27530-27541, 2021 Aug 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34615167

RESUMO

Fast, volumetric imaging by fluorescence microscopy is essential in studying biological phenomena and cellular functions. Recently, single-shot 2.5D microscopy showed promising results for high-throughput quantitative subcellular analysis via extended depth of field imaging without sequential z-scanning; however, the detection efficiency was limited and it lacked depth-induced aberration correction. Here we report that a spatial light modulator (SLM) in a polarization insensitive configuration can significantly improve the detection efficiency of 2.5D microscopy, while also compensating for aberrations at large imaging depths caused by the refractive index mismatch between the sample and the immersion medium. We highlight the improved efficiency via quantitative single-molecule RNA imaging of mammalian cells with a 2-fold improvement in the fluorescence intensity compared to a conventional SLM-based microscopy. We demonstrate the aberration correction capabilities and extended depth of field by imaging thick specimens with fewer z-scanning steps.


Assuntos
Microscopia de Fluorescência/métodos , Aberrometria , Desenho de Equipamento , Hidrogéis , Microscopia de Fluorescência/instrumentação
11.
J Refract Surg ; 37(9): 609-615, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34506237

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate whether intraoperative aberrometry improves the accuracy of refractive outcomes after cataract surgery in highly myopic, highly hyperopic, and post-refractive eyes. METHODS: This single-center, retrospective review compared the spherical equivalent of postoperative refraction to that predicted by the Barrett Universal II formula versus Optiwave Refractive Analysis (ORA) (Alcon Laboratories, Inc) for highly myopic and hyperopic eyes and to the Barrett True K formula versus ORA for post-refractive eyes. The number and magnitude of lens changes were analyzed and used to determine in how many cases refractive surprises were affected by ORA, with additional subanalysis of outcomes based on average keratometry values. RESULTS: ORA led to a change in the lens power implanted in 48% (96 of 198) of eyes, and prevented hyperopic surprise in 27% (15 of 55) and excess myopia in 46% (19 of 41). Steeper keratometry values correlated with more frequent changes on ORA-recommended implanted intraocular lens (P = .0031). ORA led to a similar percentage of eyes falling within ±0.50, ±0.75, and ±1.00 diopters compared to the Barrett Universal II and Barrett True K formulas. In post-refractive eyes, ORA led to a similar mean absolute error when compared to the Barrett True K formula (P = .62). For highly myopic eyes with an axial length of greater than 27 mm, ORA demonstrated a trend toward lower mean absolute error when compared to the Barrett Universal II formula (P = .076). CONCLUSIONS: ORA demonstrated similar refractive results to the Barrett True K formula in post-refractive eyes and to the Barrett Universal II formula in highly myopic and hyper-opic eyes and may provide additional benefit for eyes with steeper corneas or an axial length of greater than 27 mm. [J Refract Surg. 2021;37(9):609-615.].


Assuntos
Lentes Intraoculares , Miopia , Facoemulsificação , Aberrometria , Biometria , Humanos , Miopia/cirurgia , Óptica e Fotônica , Refração Ocular , Estudos Retrospectivos
12.
J Cataract Refract Surg ; 47(8): 1056-1063, 2021 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34292891

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the comparability and variability of subjective refraction (SR), autorefraction (AR), and wavefront aberrometry (WA) in pseudophakic patients. SETTING: Hanusch Hospital, Vienna, Austria. DESIGN: Prospective study. METHODS: Subjective refraction was performed by 2 independent examiners at 2 study visits. Furthermore, 5 measurements of AR and WA were performed in each patient at both visits. Agreement between the 3 refraction methods for spherical equivalent (M) and cylindrical vectors (J0, J45) was analyzed using Friedman multiple comparison and Bland-Altman plots. Predictability of spherical equivalent determined by SR from AR and WA measurements was tested with partial least squares regression and random forest regression. RESULTS: Ninety eyes of 90 pseudophakic patients were measured. The mean absolute error and arithmetic mean difference of SR measurements of M, J0, and J45 were comparable between both examiners. A small mean difference was found for SR between both visits. Spherical equivalent was more negative when measured by AR [-0.87 diopters (D)] and WA (-0.90 D) compared with SR (-0.60 D), whereas astigmatic vectors agreed well. Good test-retest reliability was found between all 3 refraction methods for M, J0, and J45. Partial least squares regression and random forest regression showed moderate predictive power for M measured by objective refraction and SR. CONCLUSIONS: Reproducibility and reliability of SR measurements in pseudophakic patients showed good agreement. AR and WA measured the spherical equivalent more myopic than SR, whereas astigmatic vectors were comparable between the 3 methods after uneventful cataract surgery.


Assuntos
Extração de Catarata , Testes Visuais , Aberrometria , Humanos , Estudos Prospectivos , Refração Ocular , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
13.
Optom Vis Sci ; 98(6): 597-604, 2021 06 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34081650

RESUMO

SIGNIFICANCE: The performance of the Eye Refract (Luneau Technology, Chartres, France), a new instrument to perform aberrometry-based automated subjective refraction, has been previously evaluated in healthy subjects. However, its clinical implications in other ocular conditions are still unknown. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the agreement between the Eye Refract and the traditional subjective refraction, as the criterion standard, in keratoconus patients with and without intracorneal ring segments (ICRSs). METHODS: A total of 50 eyes of 50 keratoconus patients were evaluated, dividing the sample into 2 groups: 27 eyes without ICRS (37.78 ± 9.35 years) and 23 eyes with ICRS (39.26 ± 13.62 years). An optometrist conducted the refraction with the Eye Refract, and another different optometrist conducted the traditional subjective refraction on the same day. Spherical equivalent (M), cylindrical vectors (J0 and J45), and corrected distance visual acuity were compared between both methods of refraction. In addition, Bland-Altman analysis was performed to assess the agreement between both methods of refraction. RESULTS: There were no statistically significant differences (P ≥ .05) between the Eye Refract and the traditional subjective refraction for all the variables under study in either group. Without ICRS, the mean difference and 95% limits of agreement (upper, lower) were -0.20 (+1.50, -1.89) D for M, -0.14 (+1.40, -1.68) D for J0, and +0.05 (+1.23, -1.14) D for J45. With ICRS, these values worsened to -0.62 (+3.89, -5.12) D for M, +0.06 (+2.46, -2.34) D for J0, and -0.02 (+2.23, -2.28) D for J45. CONCLUSIONS: The Eye Refract seems to offer similar results compared with the traditional subjective refraction in keratoconus patients not implanted with ICRS. However, some patients could show abnormal measurements, especially those with ICRS, who should be treated with caution in clinical practice.


Assuntos
Ceratocone , Aberrometria , Substância Própria/cirurgia , Topografia da Córnea , Humanos , Ceratocone/diagnóstico , Ceratocone/cirurgia , Próteses e Implantes , Implantação de Prótese , Refração Ocular , Testes Visuais
14.
Optom Vis Sci ; 98(3): 289-294, 2021 03 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33633020

RESUMO

SIGNIFICANCE: The SVOne may prove useful to quickly and easily assess refractive correction needs in community screenings and low-resource settings, but not all subjects were testable with the device. PURPOSE: This study aimed to compare the SVOne handheld, smartphone-based wavefront aberrometer with a tabletop autorefractor in identifying refractive errors in elderly subjects. METHODS: Participants 50 years or older at community eye screenings with visual acuity worse than 20/40 in either eye underwent autorefraction followed by two SVOne trials. Power vectors of right eye data were analyzed. RESULTS: Of 84 subjects who underwent autorefraction, 67 (79.8%) were successfully autorefracted with the SVOne, of whom 82.1% (55/67) had a successful repeat reading. Mean M (spherical equivalent) values from tabletop and handheld autorefraction were -0.21 D (95% confidence interval [CI], -0.71 to +0.29 D) and -0.29 D (95% CI, -0.79 to +0.21 D), respectively (P > .05). Mean astigmatism values from tabletop and handheld devices were +1.06 D (95% CI, 0.87 to 1.26 D) and +1.21 D (95% CI, 0.99 to 1.43 D), respectively (P > .05). Intraclass correlation coefficients between devices were 0.95 (95% CI, 0.93 to 0.97) for M, 0.78 (95% CI, 0.66 to 0.86) for J0, and 0.45 (95% CI, 0.24 to 0.63) for J45 (P < .05 for all). Excellent test-retest correlation between SVOne measurements was noted for M (Pearson correlation [r] = 0.96; P < .05), but a weaker correlation was noted for J0 and J45 (r = 0.67 and r = 0.63 [P < .05 for both], respectively). CONCLUSIONS: The SVOne provided strong agreement for M, with the majority of readings within ±1.00 D of each other, when compared with the tabletop autorefractor. A weaker but still good correlation was noted for astigmatism. Similar findings were noted when assessing repeatability.


Assuntos
Aberrometria/instrumentação , Aberrações de Frente de Onda da Córnea/diagnóstico , Refração Ocular/fisiologia , Erros de Refração/diagnóstico , Seleção Visual/métodos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Serviços de Saúde Comunitária/métodos , Aberrações de Frente de Onda da Córnea/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Erros de Refração/fisiopatologia , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Acuidade Visual/fisiologia
15.
Cornea ; 40(10): 1309-1315, 2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33470679

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the impact of a prolonged reading session on a smartphone screen on optical quality metrics and tear film stability. METHODS: This prospective study was conducted in 41 healthy volunteers who were asked to read an article on a smartphone screen for 20 minutes. The following tests were performed before the reading task in this consecutive order and repeated after the reading task in the same order: automated noninvasive tear break-up time, optical quality assessment including Objective Scatter Index (OSI), modulation transfer function, Strehl ratio, and tear film dynamic analysis as follows: vision break-up time (VBUT) as a function of OSI changes within 20 seconds, using a double-pass aberrometer imaging system, and fluorescein tear break-up time (FBUT) measured using the slit lamp. RESULTS: All break-up time-related parameters (noninvasive tear break-up time, FBUT and VBUT) were significantly reduced after the reading task (P < 0.01). The OSI was significantly worsened after the reading task (P = 0.01), whereas all the other optical quality metrics (modulation transfer function and Strehl ratio) slightly deteriorated, were not statistically significant. A significant correlation was found between the shortening of the FBUT, VBUT, and the worsening of the OSI (r = -0.33, P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: A reading session on a smartphone screen in healthy subjects was found to significantly affect the tear film stability and objectively worsen the retinal image quality.


Assuntos
Terminais de Computador , Leitura , Retina/fisiopatologia , Smartphone/instrumentação , Lágrimas/fisiologia , Aberrometria , Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Voluntários Saudáveis , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Acuidade Visual/fisiologia , Adulto Jovem
16.
Am J Ophthalmol ; 225: 69-75, 2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33385369

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study sought to evaluate the demographic profile, clinical features, topographic features, and biomechanical and aberrometric characteristics in pediatric keratoconus (KC). DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: Pediatric KC cases <18 years of age were evaluated at a tertiary hospital. Main outcome measurements were demographic profile, clinical features, visual acuity, corneal topography, aberrometry, and biomechanical and confocal microscopy findings. RESULTS: A total of 116 eyes of 62 consecutive patients were recruited with a mean ± age of 14.7 ± 2.77 years (range: 8-18 years); 46 of 62 (88%) were males; 57 of 62 cases (92%) had bilateral disease; 53 of 116 eyes (46%) had progressive KC; and 9 of 116 eyes (8%) had acute hydrops. Systemic associations were found in 6 of 62 patients (9.7%) and ocular associations in 77 of 116 eyes (66.3%); 68 of 116 eyes (58.6%) had associated vernal keratoconjunctivitis (VKC). Among eyes with VKC, 29 of 68 eyes (46%) were in stage IV KC, versus 25% of eyes with no VKC (P = .004). The mean ± SD refractive spherical equivalent was -4.72 ± 3.32 diopters (D), and refractive astigmatism was 3.69 ± 3.09 D. The mean values of maximum keratometry, thinnest pachymetry, and corneal higher-order aberrations were 60.89 ± 10.9 D, 396.05 ± 95.03 µm, and 1.18 ± 1.2 µm, respectively. Values of corneal hysteresis and corneal resistance factor correlated with the stage of KC (r = -0.26; P = .007). CONCLUSIONS: Pediatric KC was commonly associated with VKC in this cohort. Eyes with VKC had more severe KC than those without VKC. Nearly half of the patients presented with progressive disease. Corneal biomechanical changes correlated well with stage of KC in this pediatric age group.


Assuntos
Fenômenos Biomecânicos/fisiologia , Córnea/fisiopatologia , Topografia da Córnea , Aberrações de Frente de Onda da Córnea/fisiopatologia , Ceratocone/diagnóstico , Ceratocone/fisiopatologia , Aberrometria , Adolescente , Criança , Conjuntivite Alérgica/fisiopatologia , Paquimetria Corneana , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Refração Ocular/fisiologia , Acuidade Visual/fisiologia
17.
J Refract Surg ; 37(1): 60-68, 2021 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33432996

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To assess the accuracy of intraoperative aberrometry, the Barrett True-K No History (Barrett TKNH), Barrett TKNH with posterior corneal measurements (Barrett TKNH with PC), Shammas-PL, and Haigis-L formulas in patients with cataract who had prior myopic refractive surgery. METHODS: This was a retrospective consecutive case series of patients with prior myopic refractive surgery undergoing cataract extraction. Mean absolute error (MAE) and median absolute error (MedAE) of refraction prediction were compared for each formula. Interactions of each biometry measurement were modeled for each formula to evaluate those with the most significant impact on refraction prediction. RESULTS: One hundred sixteen eyes of 79 patients were analyzed. MAE was 0.40 ± 0.33 diopters (D) for intraoperative aberrometry and 0.42 ± 0.31 D for the Barrett TKNH, 0.38 ± 0.30 D for the Barrett TKNH with PC, 0.47 ± 0.38 D for the Shammas-PL, and 0.56 ± 0.39 D for the Haigis-L formulas. Comparisons between formulas were significant for Barrett TKNH versus Barrett TKNH with PC formulas (P = .046), Barrett TKNH with PC versus Shammas-PL formulas (P = .023), and for all comparisons with the Haigis-L formula (P < .001), and not significant for all other comparisons (P > .05). Eyes were within ±0.50 D of prediction 73%, 72%, 69%, 62%, and 52% of the time for intraoperative aberrometry, the Barrett TKNH with PC, Barrett TKNH, Shammas-PL, and Haigis-L formulas, respectively. Corneal asphericity (Q value) was significantly associated with prediction error for all five methods. Changes in anterior chamber depth had a significant impact on Shammas-PL prediction errors. CONCLUSIONS: Newer technology using information from the posterior cornea modestly improved outcomes when compared to established methods for intraocular lens selection in eyes that had previous laser refractive surgery for myopia. [J Refract Surg. 2021;37(1):60-68.].


Assuntos
Lentes Intraoculares , Miopia , Facoemulsificação , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Refrativos , Aberrometria , Biometria , Córnea , Humanos , Implante de Lente Intraocular , Miopia/cirurgia , Óptica e Fotônica , Refração Ocular , Estudos Retrospectivos
18.
Curr Eye Res ; 46(5): 672-677, 2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32966108

RESUMO

PURPOSE/AIM: To assess, following the standards, the results of safety, efficacy and predictability for a trifocal intraocular lens and to evaluate contrast sensitivity and visual acuity defocus curve. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty subjects operated on cataract surgery or refractive lens exchange with a trifocal intraocular lens have been recruited for the study. The monocular uncorrected visual acuity (VA) at far, intermediate (67 cm) and near (40 cm) distances in addition to corrected VA at far and near distances was evaluated at 1 week, 1 month and 3 months after surgery. Postoperative refraction, binocular contrast sensitivity function (CSF) and binocular defocus curves were also collected at the 3-month follow-up visit. RESULTS: Mean uncorrected VA was 0.10, 0.07 and 0.05 logMAR at far, intermediate and near distances. Corrected distance VA at far and near distances was 0.04 and 0.02 logMAR. Ninety percent and 100% achieved a spherical equivalent in ±0.50 D and ±1.00 D, respectively. CSF was above normal range for 12 and 18 cycles per degree (cpd) in all the conditions, inside the normal range in 1.5, 3 and 6 cpd and only decreased below normal range for 1.5 and 3 cpd in mesopic vision without glare. CONCLUSIONS: The procedure achieved a safety, efficacy and predictability similar to those reported by previous studies. The CSF was generally enhanced after the procedure in comparison to those reported in non-operated subjects above 60 years old. Previous studies might underestimate the effective distance of the intermediate and near foci.


Assuntos
Sensibilidades de Contraste/fisiologia , Implante de Lente Intraocular , Lentes Intraoculares Multifocais , Facoemulsificação , Pseudofacia/fisiopatologia , Aberrometria , Idoso , Contagem de Células , Topografia da Córnea , Endotélio Corneano/patologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Satisfação do Paciente , Estudos Prospectivos , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica , Visão Binocular/fisiologia , Acuidade Visual/fisiologia
19.
Br J Ophthalmol ; 105(1): 22-26, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32217537

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To assess the repeatability and reliability of the most important tomographic parameters for characterising keratoconus measured with a Pentacam HR (high resolution). METHODS: Overall, 230 eyes in 158 patients with keratoconus were analysed. We performed five consecutive corneal tomography examinations for each eye with a Pentacam HR in patients with keratoconus. Study eyes were classified into three groups depending on the maximum posterior elevation (max_BFS_post): grade 1 for cases of keratoconus with a max_BFS_post of 40 µm; grade 2 for those with a max_BFS_post of between 41 and 75 µm and grade 3 for those with a max_BFS_post of over 75 µm. We calculated the intraclass correlation coefficients (ICCs) and repeatability limits of parameters from tomography and aberrometry. RESULTS: All the parameters were found to have excellent ICCs (0.9). The repeatability limits for the key parameters were higher than 0.5D for the power parameters, 20° for the axis of corneal astigmatism and 10 µm for the thinnest corneal thickness. Further, we obtained repeatability limits of above 0.1 µm for the aberrometry values and overall greater than 15° for the coma axis. All the values increase with the severity of keratoconus, except for that of the coma axis which falls with keratoconus grade. CONCLUSIONS: The reliability indicated by ICCs supports the view that the Pentacam HR is useful for the diagnosis of keratoconus. The repeatability limits suggest that new criteria should be established for monitoring progression taking into account the real measurements that can be made using this system.


Assuntos
Diagnóstico por Imagem/métodos , Ceratocone/diagnóstico por imagem , Aberrometria , Adulto , Paquimetria Corneana , Topografia da Córnea , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Tomografia/instrumentação , Acuidade Visual , Adulto Jovem
20.
J Cataract Refract Surg ; 47(4): 542-546, 2021 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32694306

RESUMO

Accommodative intraocular lenses (IOLs) are suitable options for patients desiring less dependence on spectacles after cataract surgery. Accommodative IOLs do not require diffractive optics and, therefore, might be used in a wider range of patients who have mild comorbidities or wish to avoid photopsia associated with diffractive IOLs. However, a small percentage of patients have experienced vault, or capsular contraction syndrome (CCS), due to fibroblastic metaplasia of lens epithelial cells. Early detection of CCS might be managed with Nd:YAG capsulotomy; however, accommodative IOLs with significant CCS have required viscodissection of the fibrosis and placement of a capsular tension ring. A challenge with this maneuver is using the operating microscope to determine whether the accommodative IOL has returned to planar position. This article describes a new technique using serial intraoperative wavefront aberrometry measurements of lenticular astigmatism during accommodative IOL repositioning to determine a planar endpoint in the reduction of vault.


Assuntos
Reposicionamento de Medicamentos , Lentes Intraoculares , Aberrometria , Acomodação Ocular , Humanos , Implante de Lente Intraocular , Desenho de Prótese
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