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1.
J Interpers Violence ; 38(1-2): NP2218-NP2233, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35438587

RESUMO

Student absenteeism affects students' engagement in school and academic and professional success. While research documents a significant association between school bullying/fighting and student absenteeism due to fear of being at school or getting to school, little research has examined the association of adolescent dating violence (ADV) victimization with this type of absenteeism. This study examined the relationship between physical and/or sexual ADV victimization in the past year (dichotomized as yes or no), and number of days of student absenteeism due to feeling unsafe at school or on the way to school in the past month (dichotomized as any vs. none). We analyzed cross-sectional data from the 2019 Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS), a nationally representative survey of U.S. high school students (n = 9507). We conducted crude and multivariate regression models for the total sample and stratified by sex to assess our hypothesized association of ADV victimization and absenteeism; sex, grade, race/ethnicity, and sexual identity were included as covariates in adjusted models. Findings demonstrate that students reporting past year ADV victimization had 3.69 times the odds of student absenteeism due to feeling unsafe, when compared to students who did not report ADV victimization (95% CI: 3.06-4.45, p < 0.001). Sex-stratified models reveal that this effect is significantly stronger for males than for females, as indicated by non-overlapping confidence intervals (male AOR: 5.67, 95% CI: 4.18-7.68; female AOR: 2.95, 95% CI: 2.32-3.74). The multivariate models also show that Black and Latinx compared with White students, and lesbian/gay/bisexual/unsure compared with heterosexual students, had higher odds of student absenteeism due to feeling unsafe. Findings indicate the need to address ADV victimization and student absenteeism with integrated and gender-tailored responses, and with consideration of greater vulnerabilities for queer students and students of color.


Assuntos
Bullying , Vítimas de Crime , Violência por Parceiro Íntimo , Adolescente , Masculino , Feminino , Humanos , Absenteísmo , Estudos Transversais , Estudantes , Assunção de Riscos
2.
J Occup Health ; 64(1): e12363, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36321370

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Sickness absence is increasingly affecting society at different levels. This study explores how work, family, and personal health-related characteristics will contribute to socioeconomic status (SES) differences in future long sickness absence (7 days or more) with respect to sex differences. METHODS: A total of 1562 civil servants worked for the Local Japanese government and were considered from 2003 to 2014 for this study. Logistic regression analyses were performed to examine whether there were employment-grade differences in long sickness absence after 11 years and whether such SES differences were associated with work, family, and personal health-related characteristics or sexes. RESULTS: Male low-grade employees had a significantly higher odds ratio (OR) for long sickness absence (age-adjusted OR = 1.75, 95% confidence interval (CI) [1.04-2.95]). However, after adjustment for work characteristics, the association of significance disappeared (OR = 1.65, [0.96-2.84]). Female low-grade employees had a significantly lower OR for long sickness absence after 11 years (OR = 0.26, [0.08-0.86]). Male employees working long hours and male and female employees in high job demand take less sickness absence. Meanwhile, male employees working short hours take longer sickness absence. CONCLUSIONS: This study showed that male employees at low grades take longer sickness absence than those at high grades; however, this was alleviated by work characteristics. Female employees at low grades take less sickness absence than those at high grades. Japanese female employees with low grades, male employees with long working hours, and both sexes with high job demands take less sickness absence, although they may be unhealthy because of work stress.


Assuntos
Emprego , Licença Médica , Feminino , Masculino , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Japão , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Absenteísmo
3.
J Sch Psychol ; 95: 90-104, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36371127

RESUMO

Although school absenteeism trajectories can be studied through various parameters and dimensions, such as the amount of school absenteeism, sequence, and timing, most studies have only focused on changes in the amount of school absenteeism. However, when investigating the nature of school absenteeism, an analysis cannot be restricted to just changes in the amount of school absenteeism. In this article, I show how applying optimal matching on time-stamped half days of missed school (n = 6260) enables researchers, policy makers, and school professionals to uncover socio-temporal regularities in trajectories of non-attendance (i.e., the degree to which groups of pupils are absent at the same time and in the same rhythm within a given school year). Results indicated that students fall into five types of trajectories, and that these are highly predictive of student's examination results at the end of the school year. In the Discussion, I elaborate on the implications of these findings.


Assuntos
Absenteísmo , Instituições Acadêmicas , Humanos , Estudantes
4.
BMC Public Health ; 22(1): 2186, 2022 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36434565

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to evaluate and describe the indicators of occupational health, with a focus on the medical expertise and periodic medical examination. METHODS: This is exploratory-descriptive, cross-sectional, documentary, quantitative, and retrospective research, in the historical series: 2011 to 2015. RESULTS: The number of lost days of work per worker and the frequency of licenses increased despite the decrease in the Absenteeism Duration Index and stabilization of the Frequency of Medical Workers. As for the adhesion of the workers to the Periodic Medical Examinations, it was decreasing, with a higher percentage in the year 2012 (35.3%). During the analyzed period, 5,186 workers performed the Periodic Medical Examination, and the majority (60.6%) presented non-ideal weight, 41.1% were sedentary, 33.2% had dyslipidemia, 29.0% were alcoholic, 3.2% were smokers, 5.9% had diabetics, and 16.4% reported high noise in the workplace, 27.8% inadequate lighting and 35.9% inadequate work furniture. CONCLUSIONS: The results highlight the need to maintain and strengthen the Worker Health and Safety Policy with emphasis on surveillance, aiming at the promotion and protection of the health of the workers, based on the elaboration of the epidemiological profile of health and, consequently, the implementation of positive impact strategies.


Assuntos
Saúde do Trabalhador , Humanos , Estudos Transversais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Local de Trabalho , Absenteísmo
5.
Rev Gaucha Enferm ; 43: e20210254, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36350964

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Associate the absenteeism of nurses and nursing technicians with the work environment in the urgency and emergency care unit. METHOD: Cohort study, urgency and emergency care unit of a public hospital, 57 nursing technicians and 14 nurses, from October 2017 to October 2018. Application of an instrument with sociodemographic and labor data, reported absenteeism and validated Brazilian version of the Nursing Work Index Revised. Multiple logistic regression analysis, significant associations if p<0.05. RESULTS: Work environment showed an average score of 3.10 for nurses and nursing technicians. The more unfavorable the environment, the greater the likelihood employees will no show up for work. Factors that increase the probability of absenteeism: being single or divorced and working night shifts. Factors that reduce this probability: being a nurse and having another job. CONCLUSION: A work environment unfavorable to professional practice increases the probability of absenteeism for nurses and nursing technicians.


Assuntos
Absenteísmo , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital , Humanos , Satisfação no Emprego , Estudos de Coortes , Local de Trabalho , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência , Inquéritos e Questionários
6.
Rev Gaucha Enferm ; 43: e20210222, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36350962

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the sociodemographic, work and health profile of nursing professionals working in university outpatient clinics and their association with presenteeism. METHOD: Cross-sectional study carried out with 388 nursing workers from 11 university outpatient units in the city of Rio de Janeiro. A sociodemographic questionnaire and the SPS-6 scale were used. The crossed-product odds ratio and their respective 95% confidence intervals were calculated. RESULTS: Presenteeism was found in more than half of the professionals (51%, n=198), with the odds ratio being 2.12 times higher (95% CI 1.02-4.40) in professionals with a stable work bond, 6.67 times (95% CI 2.51-17.67) in chronic patients, and 3.06 times (95% CI 1.97-4.74) in patients with absenteeism behavior. CONCLUSION: There is a relationship between presenteeism and the profile of nursing professionals. Many productive hours may be being lost, in view of the presenteeism behavior of the participants.


Assuntos
Pacientes Ambulatoriais , Presenteísmo , Humanos , Estudos Transversais , Brasil , Absenteísmo , Inquéritos e Questionários
7.
Rev Gaucha Enferm ; 43: e20210063, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36383815

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the factors associated with absenteeism in elderly nursing workers. METHODS: Cross-sectional study with 233 elderly nursing workers carried out in six hospitals in Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil. The data were analyzed using univariate analysis and multivariate regression. RESULTS: Of the 233 elderly nursing professionals interviewed, self-reported absenteeism was present in 34.3% (80) participants. 20.1% (47) of them reported having missed a few days and 14.2% (33) having done so in many days. After adjusted analysis, only work hours and satisfaction with health influenced absenteeism. CONCLUSION: Absenteeism is a complex phenomenon which, among elderly nursing professionals, had a low prevalence and was associated with a workload of more than 40 hours a week and dissatisfaction with health. Therefore, further research is needed in the field to provide quality of life and better working conditions for nursing professionals and regulate their workload.


Assuntos
Absenteísmo , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem , Humanos , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Qualidade de Vida , Brasil/epidemiologia
8.
PLoS One ; 17(11): e0277114, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36383613

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This systematic review assesses the scientific evidence regarding the effectiveness of organisational-level workplace mental health interventions on stress, burnout, non-clinical depressive and anxiety symptoms, and wellbeing in construction workers. METHODS: Eligibility criteria were randomized controlled trials (RCTs), cluster randomized controlled trials (cRCTs), controlled or uncontrolled before- and after studies published in peer-reviewed journals between 2010 and May 2022 in five databases (Academic Search Complete, PsycInfo, PubMed, Scopus and Web of Science). Outcomes were stress, burnout and non-clinical depression and anxiety symptoms, and wellbeing (primary) and workplace changes and sickness absenteeism (secondary). Quality appraisal was conducted using the QATQS scale, a narrative synthesis was applied. The protocol was published in PROSPERO CRD42020183640 https://www.crd.york.ac.uk/prospero/display_record.php?ID=CRD42020183640. MAIN RESULTS: We identified five articles (four studies) with a total sample size of 260, one cRCT, one controlled before- and after study, and two uncontrolled before- and after studies. The methodological quality of one study was rated as moderate, while for three studies it was weak. One study showed significant effects of a work redesign programme in short-term physiological stress parameters, one study showed a significant employee perceived improvement of information flow after supervisor training and one study showed a substantial non-significant decline in sick leave. There was no significant effect on general mental health (SF12) nor on emotional exhaustion. The focus of all studies was on physical health, while detailed mental health and wellbeing measures were not applied. MAIN CONCLUSIONS: The evidence for the effectiveness of organisational-level workplace mental health interventions in construction workers is limited with opportunities for methodological and conceptual improvement. Recommendations include the use of a wider range of mental health and wellbeing outcomes, interventions tailored to the specific workplace and culture in construction and the application of the principles of complex interventions in design and evaluation.


Assuntos
Esgotamento Profissional , Indústria da Construção , Humanos , Local de Trabalho/psicologia , Saúde Mental , Absenteísmo , Nível de Saúde , Esgotamento Profissional/prevenção & controle
9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36429578

RESUMO

Sedentary behaviours continue to increase and are associated with heightened risks of morbidity and mortality. We assessed the cost-effectiveness of SMART Work & Life (SWAL), an intervention designed to reduce sitting time inside and outside of work, both with (SWAL-desk) and without (SWAL-only) a height-adjustable workstation compared to usual practice (control) for UK office workers. Health outcomes were assessed in quality-adjusted life-years (QALY) and costs in pound sterling (2019-2020). Discounted costs and QALYs were estimated using regression methods with multiply imputed data from the SMART Work & Life trial. Absenteeism, productivity and wellbeing measures were also evaluated. The average cost of SWAL-desk was £228.31 and SWAL-only £80.59 per office worker. Within the trial, SWAL-only was more effective and costly compared to control (incremental cost-effectiveness ratio (ICER): £12,091 per QALY) while SWAL-desk was dominated (least effective and most costly). However, over a lifetime horizon, both SWAL-only and SWAL-desk were more effective and more costly than control. Comparing SWAL-only to control generated an ICER of £4985 per QALY. SWAL-desk was more effective and costly than SWAL-only, generating an ICER of £13,378 per QALY. Findings were sensitive to various worker, intervention, and extrapolation-related factors. Based on a lifetime horizon, SWAL interventions appear cost-effective for office-workers conditional on worker characteristics, intervention cost and longer-term maintenance in sitting time reductions.


Assuntos
Absenteísmo , Postura Sentada , Humanos , Análise Custo-Benefício , Anos de Vida Ajustados por Qualidade de Vida
10.
BMC Public Health ; 22(1): 2119, 2022 11 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36401213

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Influenza is associated with a decline in functional abilities among Canadian older adults, although specific impacts on daily life have not been fully explored. METHODS: In August 2019 and May 2020, we conducted surveys of Canadian adults 50-64 years and 65 years and older through an online market research platform. The survey included questions about the impact of diagnosed influenza or self-reported influenza-like-illness (ILI) on working, volunteering and caregiving. RESULTS: We surveyed 1006 adults in the 50-64 year age group about the 2018/19 season and 1001 about the 2019/20 season. In the 65 years and older age group, we surveyed 3548 and 3500 individuals about the 2018/19 and 2019/20 influenza seasons, respectively. In each season, nearly two-thirds of individuals 50-64 years with influenza/ILI were employed; 51.7% reported absenteeism in 2018/19 and 53.6% in 2019/20. Of the 20% of individuals 65 years and older who were employed, 47.0% of those with influenza/ILI were absent while ill in 2018/19 (39.8% in 2019/20). In 2018/2019, 29.6% of respondents 50-64 years old with influenza/ILI identified as volunteers (29.3% in 2019/2020). In both seasons, nearly half were unable to do so while ill. Of the 164 (32.7%) individuals 65 years and older who volunteered during the 2018/19 season, 80 (48.8%) did not while ill; 224 (37.3%) respondents volunteered in the 2019/20 season, and half were absent while ill. Of those 50-64 years with influenza/ILI, 97 (42.2%) and 57 (22.2%) were caregivers in 2018/19 and 2019/20, respectively. In 2018/19 and 2019/20, 40 (41.2%) and 28 (49.1%) caregivers were unable to provide care when ill, respectively. Of those with influenza/ILI in the 65 years and older age group, 123 (24.6%) and 162 (27.0%) were caregivers in 2018/19 and 2019/20, respectively. In 2018/19, 18 (14.6%) caregivers with influenza/ILI did not provide care while ill (42 [25.9%] in 2019/20). DISCUSSION: In Canadian older adults, influenza and ILI had notable impacts on ability to volunteer and provide care across two recent seasons. Optimization of influenza prevention in this population may yield important societal benefits.


Assuntos
Influenza Humana , Humanos , Idoso , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Influenza Humana/epidemiologia , Influenza Humana/prevenção & controle , Canadá/epidemiologia , Absenteísmo , Inquéritos e Questionários , Voluntários
11.
JMIR Public Health Surveill ; 8(10): e37177, 2022 10 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36239991

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Shortcomings of the current school-based infectious disease syndromic surveillance system (SSS) in China include relying on school physicians to collect data manually and ignoring the health information of students in attendance. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to design and implement an influenza SSS based on the absenteeism (collected by face recognition) and temperature of attending students (measured by thermal imaging). METHODS: An SSS was implemented by extending the functionality of an existing application. The system was implemented in 2 primary schools and 1 junior high school in the Yangtze River Delta, with a total of 3535 students. The examination period was from March 1, 2021, to January 14, 2022, with 174 effective days. The daily and weekly absenteeism and fever rates reported by the system (DAR1 and DFR; WAR1 and WFR) were calculated. The daily and weekly absenteeism rates reported by school physicians (DAR2 and WAR2) and the weekly positive rate of influenza virus (WPRIV, released by the Chinese National Influenza Center) were used as standards to evaluate the quality of the data reported by the system. RESULTS: Absenteeism reported by school physicians (completeness 86.7%) was 36.5% of that reported by this system (completeness 100%), and a significant positive correlation between them was detected (r=0.372, P=.002). When the influenza activity level was moderate, DAR1s were significantly positively correlated among schools (rab=0.508, P=.004; rbc=0.427, P=.02; rac=0.447, P=.01). During the influenza breakout, the gap of DAR1s widened. WAR1 peaked 2 weeks earlier in schools A and B than in school C. Variables significantly positively correlated with the WPRIV were the WAR1 and WAR2 of school A, WAR1 of school C, and WFR of school B. The correlation between the WAR1 and WPRIV was greater than that between the WAR2 and WPRIV in school A. Addition of the WFR to the WAR1 of school B increased the correlation between the WAR1 and WPRIV. CONCLUSIONS: Data demonstrated that absenteeism calculation based on face recognition was reliable, but the accuracy of the temperature recorded by the infrared thermometer should be enhanced. Compared with similar SSSs, this system has superior simplicity, cost-effectiveness, data quality, sensitivity, and timeliness.


Assuntos
Absenteísmo , Influenza Humana , China/epidemiologia , Humanos , Influenza Humana/diagnóstico , Influenza Humana/epidemiologia , Vigilância de Evento Sentinela , Temperatura
12.
Front Public Health ; 10: 970370, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36299742

RESUMO

Personal assistants (PAs) have become an increasingly important element of long-term care (LTC) in England since the introduction of Direct Payments in 1996 and the Care Act 2014 legislation. The PAs, who are directly employed by social care users, can perform a number of support tasks including vital assistance in activities of daily living (ADL). Internationally these roles would be classed as domestic care work, including the employment of migrant care workers, e.g. in Germany and Austria. High turnover rates and work absenteeism in this market can cause disruption of these important daily activities, causing LTC users to potentially suffer neglect and poorer quality of life. Although there is research on turnover and absenteeism in nursing workforce in hospitals and LTC workers in nursing homes, little attention has been given to reasons for turnover of PAs and even less for absenteeism, which often precedes turnover, in a workforce of over 100,000 people in England. This research aims to fill this gap in knowledge by analyzing the reasons behind the absenteeism of PAs using quantitative methods. We used survey data of PAs in England, exploring the factors associated to one form of absenteeism-sick leave from work. After controlling for a number of factors ranging from job characteristics such as number of hours worked and type of contract, socio-economic characteristics from the PA and their employer, and supply and demand factors at local government region, the findings suggest a number of factors that significantly influenced sick leave, including distances traveled to work and number of PAs employed. Following the analysis, two people with life experience of LTC discuss the findings of the study and how they compare to their experiences of the market for PAs, providing a unique perspective from the people who could benefit the most from improving PA retention and reducing absenteeism.


Assuntos
Absenteísmo , Atividades Cotidianas , Humanos , Qualidade de Vida , Licença Médica , Casas de Saúde
13.
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth ; 22(1): 749, 2022 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36199041

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pregnancy results in physical and psychological changes in women; however, pregnant women hesitate to take a break from work even when they feel the need. Since working while physically ill leads to decreased job performance, it is important to determine the factors that lead to this phenomenon. AIM: To study the occupational stress associated with job performance and absenteeism of pregnant women compared with non-pregnant women. METHODS: In 2019, non-pregnant and pregnant employed women in their 20-40 s in Japan completed an online survey examining job performance (Work Limitation Questionnaire - Short Form), absenteeism, occupational stress (Brief Job Stress Questionnaire), and working situations. RESULTS: Of 918 respondents who met the inclusion criteria, 904 were included in the final analysis (454 non-pregnant and 450 pregnant women). Logistic regression analyses showed that absenteeism was significantly higher for pregnant women. However, for women who were absent, there was no significant difference between non-pregnant and pregnant women. After adjusting for attributes and working conditions, pregnant women had significantly higher (p < .001) work productivity losses than non-pregnant women, but only in the physical tasks domain; their physical stress response was also higher compared to non-pregnant women (p = .048). However, pregnant women reported significantly less interpersonal conflict stress (p < .001) and psychological stress (p = .026), as well as better workplace support as a buffering factor for stress (p = .021), than non-pregnant women. CONCLUSION: Clarifying the physical burden associated with pregnancy and assisting women in coordinating their work duties while considering the physical demands of pregnancy may minimize work productivity losses among pregnant women.


Assuntos
Estresse Ocupacional , Desempenho Profissional , Absenteísmo , Feminino , Humanos , Japão/epidemiologia , Satisfação no Emprego , Estresse Ocupacional/epidemiologia , Estresse Ocupacional/psicologia , Gravidez , Estresse Psicológico/epidemiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Local de Trabalho/psicologia
14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36294034

RESUMO

The quality of work organization may be responsible not only for reduced productivity but also for an increased risk of mental and physical disorders. This study was aimed at testing this hypothesis. Workers of a local health unit in Italy were asked to fill out the Work Organization Assessment Questionnaire (WOAQ) during their periodic medical examinations in the second half of 2018. On the same occasion, they also completed the Demand/Control/Support (DCS) measure of job strain, the Effort/Reward Imbalance (ERI) questionnaire, and the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ12) to assess psychological health. A total of 345 workers (85.8%) completed the survey. Linear regression analysis showed that the quality of work organization was inversely proportional to psychological health problems (p < 0.001). Occupational stress, measured both by job strain and ERI, was a moderating factor in this relationship. The relationship between the WOAQ and psychological health, moderated by job strain or ERI, remained highly significant even after adjustment for sex, age, social support, and overcommitment. Regression models explained over 40% of the shared variance of the association between quality of work organization and psychological health. The quality of work organization significantly predicted the risk of sickness absence for musculoskeletal disorders (OR = 0.984, CI95% 0.972-0.996) and for other health problems (OR = 0.977, CI95% 0.967-0.988). A continuous improvement of work organization must consider not only the clients' or production needs but also the well-being of workers.


Assuntos
Absenteísmo , Estresse Psicológico , Humanos , Estresse Psicológico/epidemiologia , Estresse Psicológico/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Recompensa , Pessoal de Saúde , Satisfação no Emprego , Carga de Trabalho/psicologia
15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36232261

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To estimate the evolution of compressible absenteeism in a hospital center and identify the professional and sociodemographic factors that influence absenteeism. METHOD: All hospital center employees have been included over a period of twelve consecutive years (2007 to 2019). Compressible absences and occupational and sociodemographic factors were analyzed using Occupational Health data. Since the distribution of the data did not follow a normal distribution, the number of days of absence was presented as a median (interquartile range (IQR): 1st quartile-3rd quartile), and comparisons were made using non-parametric tests followed by a negative binomial model with zero inflation (ZINB). RESULTS: A total of 16,413 employees were included, for a total of 2,828,599 days of absence, of which 2,081,553 were compressible absences (73.6% of total absences). Overall, 42% of employees have at least one absence per year. Absent employees had a median of 15 (IQR 5-53) days of absence per year, with an increase of a factor of 1.9 (CI95 1.8-2.1) between 2007 and 2019 (p < 0.001). Paramedical staff were most at risk of absence (p < 0.001 vs. all other occupational categories). Between 2007 and 2019, the number of days of absence was multiplied by 2.4 (CI95 1.8-3.1) for administrative staff, 2.1 (CI95 1.9-2.3) for tenured, 1.7 (CI95 1.5-2.0) for those living more than 12 km from the workplace, 1.8 (CI95 1.6-2.0) among women, 2.1 (CI95 1.8-2.6) among those over 50 years of age, 2.4 (CI95 1.8-3.0) among "separated" workers, and 2.0 (CI95 1.8-2.2) among those with at least one child. CONCLUSIONS: Paramedical personnel are most at risk of absenteeism. Meanwhile, absenteeism is increasing steadily, and overall, the increase is major for administrative staff. The profile of an employee at risk of absenteeism is a titular employee, living at distance from work, probably female, over 50 years old, separated, and with children. Identifying professionals at risk of absenteeism is essential to propose adapted and personalized preventive measures.


Assuntos
Absenteísmo , Saúde do Trabalhador , Criança , Feminino , Hospitais , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ocupações , Local de Trabalho
16.
Adv Ther ; 39(12): 5327-5350, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36205907

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: In light of the lack of an agreed international standard for how to conduct cost-effectiveness analyses (CEAs), including cost-utility analyses (CUAs) from a societal perspective, there is uncertainty regarding to what extent the inclusion of productivity losses/gains in economic evaluations can affect cost-effectiveness results and subsequently decisions on whether to recommend new health technologies. To investigate this, we conducted a systematic review of CEAs and CUAs of drug-based therapies for a set of chronic immune-mediated disorders to understand how cost elements and calculation methods related to productivity losses/gains are used, examine the impact on the incremental cost-effectiveness ratio (ICER) of including productivity costs, and explore factors that affect the inclusion of productivity loss. METHODS: Databases (MEDLINE® In-process, MEDLINE, Embase and Cochrane Library) were searched from January 2010 to October 2020 by two independent reviewers for all CEAs and CUAs in adults with any of the following conditions: ankylosing spondylitis, chronic idiopathic urticaria, Crohn's disease, fibromyalgia, juvenile idiopathic arthritis, psoriasis, rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus and ulcerative colitis. Relevant study data were extracted and evidence was synthesized for both qualitative and quantitative analysis. Productivity cost elements including absenteeism, presenteeism, unemployment/early retirement, premature mortality and informal care were extracted, along with the method used to determine them. A multivariate analysis was performed to identify factors associated with the inclusion of productivity loss. RESULTS: Our searches identified 5016 records, culminating in 198 unique studies from 234 publications following screening. Most of the studies investigated rheumatoid arthritis (37.0%) or psoriasis (32.0%). The majority were CUAs, with some including both a CEA and a CUA (73.0%). Most studies used a payer perspective only (28.5%) or a societal perspective only (21.0%). Of the 49 studies incorporating productivity losses/gains, 42 reported the type of cost element used; all of these used patient absenteeism, either alone or in addition with other elements. Only 16 studies reported the method used to value productivity changes, of which eight used a human capital approach, four used a friction cost approach and four used both approaches. Twenty-eight of the 49 studies (57.1%) reported inclusion of productivity losses/gains as contributing to more favourable cost-effectiveness outcomes and ICERs, while 12 (24.5%) reported no substantial impact. On the basis of a multivariate analysis, rheumatoid arthritis as the target disease had a statistically significant association with the inclusion of productivity loss compared with psoriasis and inflammatory bowel disease. CONCLUSIONS: The results of our review suggest that incorporating productivity cost elements may positively affect cost-effectiveness outcomes in evaluations of therapeutics for immune-mediated disorders. Our work highlights the continued need for clarity when reporting how CEAs and CUAs in this disease area are conducted, in order to better inform healthcare decision-making.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide , Psoríase , Adulto , Humanos , Análise Custo-Benefício , Eficiência , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Absenteísmo
17.
Orphanet J Rare Dis ; 17(1): 381, 2022 10 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36271426

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Our understanding of work productivity impairment among patients with synovitis, acne, pustulosis, hyperostosis, and osteitis (SAPHO) syndrome is limited. The purpose of this study was to provide an overview of work productivity loss in SAPHO syndrome patients through the use of the work productivity and activity impairment (WPAI) questionnaire, as well as to investigate the relationship between the WPAI and other disease-related indicators. METHODS: Patients for this cross-sectional study were recruited from Peking Union Medical College Hospital (Beijing, China). The questionnaires incorporating the WPAI were administered, along with the inclusion of demographic data, disease-specific measures, and general health variables. The construct validity of the WPAI was evaluated via the correlations between WPAI outcomes and other measures. Wilcoxon rank-sum tests and nonparametric Kruskal‒Wallis tests were used for the comparison of the WPAI outcomes between known groups. RESULTS: A total of 376 patients were included, and 201 patients (53.5%) were employed. The medians (interquartile range [IQR]) of absenteeism, presenteeism, work productivity loss, and activity impairment were 0% (0-13%), 20% (0-40%), 20% (0-52%), and 30% (0-50%), respectively. All of the WPAI outcomes showed moderate to strong correlations with other generic and disease-specific measures (|r| = 0.43-0.75), except for absenteeism. Increasing disease activity and worse health status were significantly associated with increased impairments of work productivity and activity. CONCLUSION: This study highlights the negative effects of SAPHO syndrome on the work productivity and activity of patients, thus indicating good construct validity and discriminative ability of the WPAI. To reduce the economic burden, it is important to improve the work productivity and daily activity of patients by ameliorating clinical care.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Hiperostose Adquirida , Humanos , Estudos Transversais , Eficiência , Presenteísmo , Absenteísmo , Inquéritos e Questionários
18.
BMJ Open ; 12(9): e059572, 2022 09 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36153011

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Evidence is mounting that poor psychosocial job conditions increase sickness absence, but there is a need for further rigorous prospective research to isolate the influence of psychosocial job quality from other measured and unmeasured confounders. This study used four waves of prospective longitudinal data (spanning 12 years) to investigate the extent to which increases in poor psychosocial job quality are associated with greater relative risk of day of sickness absence. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Data were from the Australian PATH Through Life cohort study. The analyses adopted hybrid-regression estimations that isolated the effect of within-person change in psychosocial job quality on sickness absence over time. PARTICIPANTS: Participants were from a midlife cohort aged 40-44 at baseline (7644 observations from 2221 participants). PRIMARY OUTCOME MEASURE: Days sickness absence in the past 4 weeks. RESULTS: The results show that after adjusting for a wide range of factors as well as unmeasured between-person differences in job quality, each additional psychosocial job adversity was associated with a 12% increase in the number of days of sickness absence (relative risk ratio: 1.12, 95% CI 1.03 to 1.21). Increases in psychosocial job adversity were also related to greater functional impairment (relative risk ratio: 1.17 (1.05 to 1.30)). CONCLUSION: The results of this study strengthen existing research highlighting the importance of addressing poor psychosocial job quality as a risk factor for sickness absence.


Assuntos
Absenteísmo , Licença Médica , Austrália/epidemiologia , Estudos de Coortes , Humanos , Satisfação no Emprego , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Estresse Psicológico/complicações , Inquéritos e Questionários
19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36141833

RESUMO

It is well established that adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) are associated with detrimental health outcomes in adulthood. Less is known about the relationships between ACEs and education outcomes and among adolescents. The aim of this study was to examine the associations between ACEs and adolescents' self-reported education outcomes and provincial education assessments among adolescents in Manitoba, Canada. Data were gathered from 1002 adolescents who participated in the Well-Being and Experiences (WE) Study. A subsample of the adolescents (84%) consented to having their WE survey data linked to administrative education databases. Binary and multinomial logistic regression models were computed to examine associations between ACE history and self-reported education outcomes and provincial education assessments, adjusting for sociodemographic variables. Adolescents with an ACE history had significantly increased likelihood of having ever been suspended from school (adjusted odds ratio (aOR) = 3.33, 95% CI 1.60-6.92), of lower grades (adjusted relative risk ratio (aRRR) = 3.21, 95% CI 1.42-7.29), and of chronic school absenteeism (aRRR = 2.45, 95% CI 1.28-4.68) compared with adolescents without an ACE history after adjusting for sociodemographic variables. Findings from this study illuminate the important relationship between childhood adversity and poor education outcomes assessed directly by adolescents. Increasing awareness of the public health risk associated with ACEs and education outcomes may inform education policy and school-based interventions.


Assuntos
Experiências Adversas da Infância , Absenteísmo , Adolescente , Adulto , Canadá , Humanos , Instituições Acadêmicas
20.
Enferm. clín. (Ed. impr.) ; 32(5): 351-357, Sep-Oct 2022. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-207830

RESUMO

Objetivo: La dismenorrea primaria tiene una alta prevalencia entre la población estudiantil. El objetivo de este estudio fue determinar la prevalencia de la dismenorrea, su gravedad y su impacto en el rendimiento académico en estudiantes universitarias mejicanas. Métodos: Estudio transversal. Se aplicó un cuestionario anónimo de opción múltiple durante las horas lectivas de clase. La escala visual del dolor (EVA) fue usada para la medición del dolor. Se realizó un análisis descriptivo e inferencial de las variables a estudio mediante el programa SPSS® IBM. Resultados: Se encuestó a un total de 2.154 estudiantes, con una edad media de 20,4 ±1,9años. La prevalencia general de dismenorrea fue del 78,9%, encontrándose la mayor prevalencia en las estudiantes de psicología (83,7%). La puntuación media de dolor de la escala EVA fue de 64,0. Se encontró que la gravedad del dolor menstrual en las estudiantes fue leve en el 9,0% y moderada-severa en el 91,0%. Las puntuaciones medias de dolor de la EVA y la intensidad del dolor de los estudiantes de gerontología fueron significativamente más altas que las reportadas por las estudiantes de odontología y medicina (p<0,05). La limitación de las actividades diarias se informó en el 90,4% de las mujeres y las estudiantes de medicina fueron el porcentaje más alto (93,3%). Las mujeres informaron absentismo escolar en el 37,0%, siendo las estudiantes de medicina las que presentaron el porcentaje más alto (41,4%). La severidad del dolor menstrual como factor de riesgo (variable independiente) influyó positivamente en varias variables dependientes involucradas en el rendimiento académico de las estudiantes (p<0,05), incluyendo: dejar de hacer sus actividades (30min a 6h) debido al dolor en 1 a 6 menstruaciones al año, concentración menor, absentismo, rendimiento escolar bajo y calificaciones más bajas durante la dismenorrea.(AU)


Objective: Primary dysmenorrhea has a high prevalence among the student population. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of dysmenorrhea, its severity and its impact on academic performance in Mexican university students. Methods: Cross-sectional study. An anonymous multiple-choice questionnaire was applied in class hours in the classrooms. The visual pain scale (VAS) was used for the measurement of pain. A descriptive and inferential analysis of the variables studied was carried out using the program SPSS® IBM. Results: A total of 2154 (n=2154) students were surveyed. The average age of the women was 20.4 ±1.9years. The general prevalence of dysmenorrhea was 78.9%, with psychology students having the highest value (83.7%). The VAS mean pain score was of 64.0. The severity of menstrual pain in students was reported as mild in 9.0%, and moderate-severe in 91.0%. The VAS mean pain scores and intensity of pain of gerontology students were significantly higher than those reported by dentistry and medicine students (P<.05). Limitation of daily activities was reported in 90.4% of women, with medical students reporting the highest percentage (93.3%). Women reported school absenteeism in 37.0%, with medical students presenting the highest percentage (41.4%). The severity of menstrual pain as a risk factor (independent variable) positively influenced various dependent variables involved in students’ academic performance (P<.05), including: stop doing their activities due to pain in 1 to 6 menstruations a year, minor concentration, absenteeism, low school performance, and lower grades during dysmenorrhea. Conclusion: A high prevalence of dysmenorrhea was observed and it is concluded that the severity of the symptomatology significantly interferes with the academic performance of the participants.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Desempenho Acadêmico , Dismenorreia , Estudantes , Medição da Dor , Absenteísmo , México , Estudos Transversais , Inquéritos e Questionários
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