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1.
Int J Food Microbiol ; 421: 110786, 2024 Aug 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38879956

RESUMO

Exposure to sublethal stresses related to food-processing may induce a heterogenous mixture of cells that co-exist, comprising healthy, sublethally injured, dormant and dead cells. Heterogeneity in survival capacity and dormancy of single cells may impede the detection of foodborne pathogens. In this study, we exposed Listeria monocytogenes Scott A strain, to peracetic acid (PAA; 20-40 ppm) and to acidic conditions (hydrochloric (HCl) and acetic (AA) acid, adjusted to pH 2.7-3.0, to evaluate the resuscitation capacity and outgrowth kinetics of metabolically active cells in two different media. Injury and the viable-but-non-culturable (VBNC) status of cells were assessed by flow cytometry using CFDA (metabolically active) and PI (dead) staining. Stressed CFDA+PI- cells were sorted on Tryptic Soy (TS) Agar or in TS broth, both supplemented with 0.6 % Yeast Extract (TSAYE or TSBYE), to evaluate culturability. Resuscitation capacity of CFDA+PI-sorted cells (10 events/well) was monitored by visual inspection on TSAYE and by optical density measurement in TSBYE for 5 days. Sorting of L. monocytogenes viable cells (CFDA+PI-) in Ringer's solution on TSAYE and TSBYE showed 100 % recovery in both media (control condition), while the mean lag time in TSBYE was 9.6 h. Treatment with 20 ppm PAA for 90 and 180 min resulted in 74.79 % and 85.82 % of non-culturable cells in TSBYE and increased the average lag time to 41.7 h and 43.8 h, respectively, compared to the control (9.6 h). The longest average lag time (79.5 h) was detected after treatment with 30 ppm PAA for 90 min, while at the same condition sorting of CFDA+PI- cells resulted in 95.05 % and 93.94 % non-culturable cells on TSAYE and TSBYE, respectively. The highest percentage of wells with non-culturable cells (96.17 %) was detected on TSAYE after treatment with 40 ppm PAA for 30 min. Fractions of VBNC cells were detected in TSBYE after treatment with HCl pH 3.0 for 60 and 240 min, and in TSAYE and TSBYE after exposure to AA pH 2.7. Treatment with AA pH 2.7 for 150-300 min increased the range of recorded lag time values compared to 60 min, from 8.6 h up to 13.3 h, as well as the mean lag times in TSBYE. Modelling of the outgrowth kinetics comparing the two types of stress (oxidative vs acid) and the two systems of growth (colonial vs planktonic) revealed that low starting concentrations hindered the detection of viable L. monocytogenes cells, either due to VBNC induction or cell heterogeneity.


Assuntos
Microbiologia de Alimentos , Listeria monocytogenes , Listeria monocytogenes/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Viabilidade Microbiana , Ácido Peracético/farmacologia , Ácido Acético/farmacologia , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Ácido Clorídrico/farmacologia , Contagem de Colônia Microbiana , Meios de Cultura/química , Estresse Fisiológico , Manipulação de Alimentos/métodos
2.
J Chromatogr A ; 1727: 464992, 2024 Jul 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38761701

RESUMO

Post-detonation nuclear forensics capabilities depend on the ability to rapidly isolate radionuclides to improve measurement quality. In this work an extraction chromatography resin was developed utilizing thenoyltrifluoroacetone and 1-octanol supported on Eichrom prefilter resin. The resin was tested in nitric and hydrochloric acid matrices. In nitric acid the resin was able to extract zirconium, while in hydrochloric acid matrices it was possible to extract iron and gallium. In all acid conditions tested, gold was retained but can be eluted from the column with 10 % thiourea.


Assuntos
Ouro , Ouro/química , Elementos da Série Actinoide/isolamento & purificação , Elementos da Série Actinoide/química , Ácido Clorídrico/química , Resinas Sintéticas/química , Zircônio/química , Ácido Nítrico/química
3.
PLoS One ; 19(5): e0303359, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38728321

RESUMO

As-produced carbon nanotubes contain impurities which can dominate the properties of the material and are thus undesired. Herein we present a multi-step purification treatment that combines the use of steam and hydrochloric acid in an iterative manner. This allows the reduction of the iron content down to 0.2 wt. % in samples of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs). Remarkably, Raman spectroscopy analysis reveals that this purification strategy does not introduce structural defects into the SWCNTs' backbone. To complete the study, we also report on a simplified approach for the quantitative assessment of iron using UV-Vis spectroscopy. The amount of metal in SWCNTs is assessed by dissolving in HCl the residue obtained after the complete combustion of the sample. This leads to the creation of hexaaquairon(III) chloride which allows the determination of the amount of iron, from the catalyst, by UV-Vis spectroscopy. The main advantage of the proposed strategy is that it does not require the use of additional complexing agents.


Assuntos
Ácido Clorídrico , Ferro , Nanotubos de Carbono , Espectrofotometria Ultravioleta , Análise Espectral Raman , Vapor , Nanotubos de Carbono/química , Ferro/análise , Ferro/química , Ácido Clorídrico/química , Análise Espectral Raman/métodos
4.
Int J Mol Sci ; 25(9)2024 Apr 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38731919

RESUMO

Smoke intoxication is a central event in mass burn incidents, and toxic smoke acts at different levels of the body, blocking breathing and oxygenation. The majority of these patients require early induction of anesthesia to preserve vital functions. We studied the influence of hemoglobin (HMG) and myoglobin (MGB) blockade by hydrochloric acid (HCl) in an interaction model with gaseous anesthetics using molecular docking techniques. In the next part of the study, molecular dynamics (MD) simulations were performed on the top-scoring ligand-receptor complexes to investigate the stability of the ligand-receptor complexes and the interactions between ligands and receptors in more detail. Through docking analysis, we observed that hemoglobin creates more stable complexes with anesthetic gases than myoglobin. Intoxication with gaseous hydrochloric acid produces conformational and binding energy changes of anesthetic gases to the substrate (both the pathway and the binding site), the most significant being recorded in the case of desflurane and sevoflurane, while for halothane and isoflurane, they remain unchanged. According to our theoretical model, the selection of anesthetic agents for patients affected by fire smoke containing hydrochloric acid is critical to ensure optimal anesthetic effects. In this regard, our model suggests that halothane and isoflurane are the most suitable choices for predicting the anesthetic effects in such patients when compared to sevoflurane and desflurane.


Assuntos
Anestesia Geral , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Simulação de Dinâmica Molecular , Humanos , Mioglobina/química , Ácido Clorídrico/química , Fumaça/efeitos adversos , Anestésicos Inalatórios/química , Hemoglobinas/química , Hemoglobinas/metabolismo , Halotano/química , Sítios de Ligação
5.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int ; 31(25): 36643-36662, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38750274

RESUMO

The present research demonstrates an innovative investigation of environmentally friendly mild steel (M-steel) corrosion inhibition using the artemisia stems aqueous extract (ASAEx) as an inhibitor in hydrochloric acid 1 M. The standard extraction technique of hydrodistillation was used for producing the aqueous solutions of ASAEx. To assess the ratios of the chemical components, phytochemical screening was used to identify the stems of this plant. We used a variety of methods and techniques in our research on corrosion inhibition, including weight loss measures, surface analysis methods like XPS and SEM/EDS, electrochemical testing like PDP and EIS, as well as computational lead compound evaluation. Maximum inhibitory efficacy was achieved with 400 mg/L ASAEx in 1 M HCl at 303 K, i.e. 90%. The PDP investigation verified the mixed-kind inhibitor status of the ASAEx extract. To describe the surface of M-steel, fitting and synthetic data were used to identify a constant phase element (CPE). SEM surface analysis was also used to detect the ASAEx effect on the surface of M-steel. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) analysis shows the presence of trace molecules of ASAEx on M-steel surface characterizing the bands in Maj-ASAEx (major compound of ASAEx). Density functional theory (DFT) and molecular dynamics simulations (MDs) were used in computational chemistry to clarify the adsorption mechanism and inhibitory impact.


Assuntos
Artemisia , Extratos Vegetais , Aço , Ácido Clorídrico , Extratos Vegetais/química , Artemisia/química , Caules de Planta/química , Aço/química , Espectroscopia Fotoeletrônica
6.
Environ Res ; 256: 119223, 2024 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38810830

RESUMO

Compound-specific isotope analysis of nitrogen in amino acids (CSIA-AA, δ15NAA) has gained increasing popularity for elucidating energy flow within food chains and determining the trophic positions of various organisms. However, there is a lack of research on the impact of hydrolysis conditions, such as HCl concentration and hydrolysis time, on δ15NAA analysis in biota samples. In this study, we investigated two HCl concentrations (6 M and 12 M) and four hydrolysis times (2 h, 6 h, 12 h, and 24 h) for hydrolyzing and derivatizing AAs in reference materials (Tuna) and biological samples of little egret (n = 4), night heron (n = 4), sharpbelly (n = 4) and Algae (n = 1) using the n-pivaloyl-iso-propyl (NPIP) ester approach. A Dowex cation exchange resin was used to purify amino acids before derivatization. We then determined δ15NAA values using gas chromatography-combustion-isotope ratio mass spectrometry (GC-C-IRMS). The results revealed no significant differences (p > 0.05) in δ15NAA values among samples treated with different HCl concentrations or hydrolysis times, particularly for δ15NGlx (range: 21.0-23.5‰) and δ15NPhe (range: 4.3-5.4‰) in Tuna (12 M). Trophic positions (TPs) calculated based on δ15NAA at 2 h (little egret: 2.9 ± 0.1, night heron: 2.8 ± 0.1, sharpbelly: 2.0 ± 0.1 and Algae: 1.3 ± 0.2) were consistent with those at 24 h (3.1 ± 0.1, 2.8 ± 0.1, 2.2 ± 0.1 and 1.1 ± 0.1, respectively), suggesting that a 2-h hydrolysis time and a 6 M HCl concentration are efficient pretreatment conditions for determining δ15NAA and estimating TP. Compared to the currently used hydrolysis conditions (24 h, 6 M), the proposed conditions (2 h, 6 M) accelerated the δ15NAA assay, making it faster, more convenient, and more efficient. Further research is needed to simplify the operational processes and reduce the time costs, enabling more efficient applications of CSIA-AA.


Assuntos
Aminoácidos , Cadeia Alimentar , Isótopos de Nitrogênio , Hidrólise , Aminoácidos/análise , Aminoácidos/química , Animais , Isótopos de Nitrogênio/análise , Ácido Clorídrico/química , Atum
7.
J Pharmacol Sci ; 155(3): 94-100, 2024 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38797538

RESUMO

Interleukin (IL-19) belongs to the IL-10 family of cytokines and plays diverse roles in inflammation, cell development, viral responses, and lipid metabolism. Acute lung injury (ALI) is a severe respiratory condition associated with various diseases, including severe pneumonia, sepsis, and trauma, lacking established treatments. However, the role of IL-19 in acute inflammation of the lungs is unknown. We reported the impact of IL-19 functional deficiency in mice crossed with an ALI model using HCl. Lungs damages, neutrophil infiltration, and pulmonary edema induced by HCl were significantly worse in IL-19 knockout (KO) mice than in wild-type (WT) mice. mRNA expression levels of C-X-C motif chemokine ligand 1 (CXCL1) and IL-6 in the lungs were significantly higher in IL-19 KO mice than in WT mice. Little apoptosis was detected in lung injury in WT mice, whereas apoptosis was observed in exacerbated area of lung injury in IL-19 KO mice. These results are the first to show that IL-19 is involved in acute inflammation of the lungs, suggesting a novel molecular mechanism in acute respiratory failures. If it can be shown that neutrophils have IL-19 receptors and that IL-19 acts directly on them, it would be a novel drug target.


Assuntos
Lesão Pulmonar Aguda , Ácido Clorídrico , Interleucinas , Camundongos Knockout , Animais , Lesão Pulmonar Aguda/etiologia , Lesão Pulmonar Aguda/patologia , Lesão Pulmonar Aguda/genética , Interleucinas/genética , Interleucinas/metabolismo , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Interleucina-6/genética , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Infiltração de Neutrófilos , Quimiocina CXCL1/genética , Quimiocina CXCL1/metabolismo , Masculino , Pulmão/patologia , Pulmão/metabolismo , Apoptose/genética , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Camundongos , Neutrófilos , Edema Pulmonar/etiologia , Expressão Gênica
8.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 269(Pt 2): 132065, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38714280

RESUMO

Natural gums due to availability, multifunctionality, and nontoxicity are multifaceted in application. In corrosion inhibition applications, their performance, in unmodified form is unsatisfactory because of high hydration rate, solubility issues, algal and microbial contamination, as well as thermal instability. This work attempts to enhance the inhibitive performance of Berlinia grandiflora (BEG) and cashew (CEG) exudate gums through various modification approaches. The potential of biogenic BEG and CEG gums-silver (Ag) nanocomposites (NCPs) for corrosion inhibition of mild steel in 1 M HCl is studied. The nanocomposites were characterized using the FTIR, UV-vis, and TEM techniques. The corrosion studies through the gravimetric and electrochemical (PDP, EIS, LPR, and EFM) analyses reveal moderate inhibition performance by the nanocomposites. Furthermore, the PDP results reveal that both inhibitors are mixed-type with maximum corrosion inhibition efficiencies (IEs) of 61.2 % and 54.2 % for BEG-Ag NCP and CEG-Ag NCP, respectively at an optimum concentration of 1.0 %. Modification of these inhibitors with iodide ion (KI) significantly increased the IE values to 90.1 % and 88.5 % for BEG-Ag NCP and CEG-Ag NCP at the same concentration. Surface observation of the uninhibited and inhibited steel samples using SEM/EDAX, 3D Surface profilometer, and AFM affirm that the modified nanocomposites are highly effective.


Assuntos
Ácido Clorídrico , Nanocompostos , Gomas Vegetais , Prata , Aço , Prata/química , Aço/química , Nanocompostos/química , Corrosão , Ácido Clorídrico/química , Gomas Vegetais/química , Exsudatos de Plantas/química , Exsudatos de Plantas/farmacologia , Anacardium/química
9.
Environ Geochem Health ; 46(5): 170, 2024 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38592402

RESUMO

This study used a new X-ray fluorescence (XRF)-based analytical method with better precision and sensitivity to evaluate the fluorine concentrations in soil. It was hypothesized that the XRF method with a pellet-synthesizing procedure may effectively analyze the fluorine concentrations in soil with ease and reliability. The total fluorine concentrations determined using XRF were compared with those determined using three different types of analytical protocols-incineration/distillation, alkaline fusion, and aqua regia extraction procedures. Among the three procedures, the incineration/distillation procedure did not show reliable precision and reproducibility. In contrast, the total fluorine concentrations determined using the XRF analysis were linearly correlated with those determined using the alkaline fusion and aqua regia extraction procedures. Based on the results of the Korean waste leaching procedure and toxicity characteristics leaching procedure, the leachability of fluorine from soil and waste was not directly related to total fluorine concentrations in soil. Risk assessment also revealed that the fluorine-rich soils did not show non-carcinogenic toxic effects, despite exceeding the regulation level (800 mg/kg) in South Korea for total fluorine concentrations in soil. Our results suggest that XRF analysis in combination with the newly developed pretreatment method may be a promising alternative procedure for easily and rapidly determining the total fluorine concentration in soil. However, further efforts are needed to evaluate fluorine leachability and its associated risks in fluorine-contaminated soils.


Assuntos
Sulfato de Cálcio , Ácido Clorídrico , Ácido Nítrico , Fosfatos , Flúor , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Solo , Instalações de Eliminação de Resíduos
10.
Waste Manag ; 181: 101-113, 2024 May 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38603994

RESUMO

Significant quantities of Posidonia oceanica deposit on some beaches and coastlines every year, which generates high costs associated with the disposal of this waste. Pyrolysis may be an adequate way for its valorization. However, it would imply to know how the process takes place and if the removal of its natural detrital inorganic matter (epiphytes, marine salt and sand) is necessary, which are the objectives of this research. Pyrolysis by thermogravimetry-mass spectrometry was carried out on both the washed and unwashed samples. During this waste pyrolysis, the following occurs: (i) the high alkali metal chloride content promotes fragmentation reactions of carbohydrates and O formation, which increases HCOOH intensities at temperatures between 250 and 360 °C; (ii) from 500 °C to 650 °C, Fe2O3 and decomposition of carbonates seem to be involved in reactions that produce O release and steam and CO2 reforming of hydrocarbons and oxygenated organic compounds with H2 generation; (iii) from 650 °C to 750 °C, Fe2O3, high alkali metal content and carbonate decomposition generate char gasification, an increase in O release, SO2 capture and HCOOH formation. In general, the abundance of inorganic matter (chlorides, carbonates, etc.) minimizes the release of various compounds during pyrolysis, including SO2 and HCl, while increasing HCOOH production. Thus, this high content of inorganic matter may represent an advantage for its pyrolysis, producing value-added chemical products with a reduced environmental impact. Therefore, this study may be the starting point for defining the optimal pyrolysis conditions for this waste valorisation.


Assuntos
Alismatales , Pirólise , Dióxido de Enxofre , Alismatales/química , Dióxido de Enxofre/química , Ácido Clorídrico/química , Termogravimetria , Oxigênio/química
11.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 267(Pt 2): 131429, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38583828

RESUMO

Herein, a novel chitosan Schiff base (CS-FGA) as a sustainable corrosion inhibitor has been successfully synthesized via a simple amidation reaction by using an imidazolium zwitterion and chitosan (CS). The corrosion inhibition property of CS-FGA for mild steel (MS) in a 1.0 M HCl solution was studied by various electrochemical tests and physical characterization methods. The findings indicate that the maximum inhibition efficiency of CS-FGA as a mixed-type inhibitor for MS in 1.0 M HCl solution with 400 mg L-1 reaches 97.6 %, much much higher than the CS and the recently reported chitosan-based inhibitors. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), atomic force microscopy (AFM), and water contact angle (WCA) results reveal that the CS-FGA molecules firmly adsorb on the MS surface to form a protective layer. The adsorption of CS-FGA on the MS surface belongs to the Langmuir adsorption isotherm containing both the physisorption and chemisorption. According to the X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and UV-vis spectrum, FeN bonds presented on the MS surface further prove the chemisorption between CS-FGA and Fe to generate the stable protective layer. Additionally, theoretical calculations from quantum chemical calculation (DFT) and molecular simulations (MD) were performed to reveal the inhibition mechanism of CS-FGA.


Assuntos
Quitosana , Ácido Clorídrico , Aço , Quitosana/química , Aço/química , Corrosão , Ácido Clorídrico/química , Adsorção , Bases de Schiff/química , Soluções , Espectroscopia Fotoeletrônica , Propriedades de Superfície
12.
Arch Med Sadowej Kryminol ; 73(3): 272-277, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38662468

RESUMO

Toilet cleaner containing hydrochloric acid is a common item found in households all over the world. Due to the availability of the substance, it becomes one of the main contributors to corrosive damage to the gastrointestinal system. This study reports a case of a female in her 50s with an alleged history of ingestion of toilet cleaner an empty bottle of which was found together with a suicide note at the incident site. During the autopsy, the forensic expert made an intriguing observation regarding the dispersion of ingested acid to other organs without gastric perforation. Despite the absence of gastric perforation, the corrosive effects of the ingested acid were evident in various organs, including the liver and spleen. This phenomenon suggests a unique mechanism by which the acid is able to disperse and cause damage beyond the stomach, leading to widespread organ involvement. However, through a comprehensive analysis of the detailed history, typical macroscopic autopsy findings, and chemical analysis reports, it is possible to establish that the cause of death is corrosive acid poisoning. In such cases, further investigation is warranted to gain a better understanding of the underlying mechanisms responsible for the dispersion of the acid and its clinical implications. By delving deeper into these aspects, we can enhance our knowledge and contribute to the field of forensic medicine.


Assuntos
Autopsia , Humanos , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ácido Clorídrico/efeitos adversos , Ácido Clorídrico/intoxicação , Cáusticos/intoxicação , Cáusticos/toxicidade , Queimaduras Químicas/patologia , Queimaduras Químicas/etiologia , Detergentes/intoxicação , Detergentes/efeitos adversos , Suicídio Consumado , Patologia Legal
13.
Genomics ; 116(2): 110814, 2024 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38432499

RESUMO

Lactate is a glycolysis end product, and its levels are markedly associated with disease severity, morbidity, and mortality in sepsis. It modulates key functions of immune cells, including macrophages. In this investigation, transcriptomic analysis was performed using lactic acid, sodium lactate, and hydrochloric acid-stimulated mouse bone marrow-derived macrophages (iBMDM), respectively, to identify lactate-associated signaling pathways. After 24 h of stimulation, 896 differentially expressed genes (DEG) indicated were up-regulation, whereas 792 were down-regulated in the lactic acid group, in the sodium lactate group, 128 DEG were up-regulated, and 41 were down-regulated, and in the hydrochloric acid group, 499 DEG were up-regulated, and 285 were down-regulated. Subsequently, clinical samples were used to further verify the eight genes with significant differences, among which Tssk6, Ypel4, Elovl3, Trp53inp1, and Cfp were differentially expressed in patients with high lactic acid, indicating their possible involvement in lactic acid-induced inflammation and various physiological diseases caused by sepsis. However, elongation of very long chain fatty acids protein 3 (Elovl3) was negatively correlated with lactic acid content in patients. The results of this study provide a necessary reference for better understanding the transcriptomic changes caused by lactic acid and explain the potential role of high lactic acid in the regulation of macrophages in sepsis.


Assuntos
Ácido Láctico , Sepse , Animais , Camundongos , Humanos , Ácido Láctico/metabolismo , Ácido Láctico/farmacologia , Lactato de Sódio , RNA Mensageiro , Ácido Clorídrico , Sepse/genética , Sepse/metabolismo , Macrófagos/metabolismo
14.
Chimia (Aarau) ; 78(3): 159-161, 2024 Mar 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38547018

RESUMO

The growth of Africa as a major gold (Au) exporter can not only strengthen economic ties with other parts of the world, but also lead to solutions to global industrial challenges, and the only way to stop gold smuggling out of gold-producing African countries seems to be having multiple refineries in Africa, for which developing gold-producing African countries might need technological assistance provided by a more developed country, especially Switzerland. In this Note, the chemistry of gold mining was discussed, and the idea is conveyed that if aqua regia is used as a main reagent in both gold mining and the electrolytic refinement of gold, then the two systems of gold mining and gold refining can be coupled industrially and geographically, and such a coupling can facilitate the growth of home-grown gold refineries in gold-producing African countries. It is also discussed that with Swiss companies finding it economical to properly use aqua regia in Africa as described, a win-win African-Swiss cooperation will be established that will benefit both the Swiss companies and gold-producing African countries. Further, it is concluded that the addressed cooperation will be accompanied by four of the seventeen goals called 'Sustainable Development Goals' by the United Nations.


Assuntos
Ouro , Ácido Clorídrico , Indústrias , Ácido Nítrico , Suíça , África , Países em Desenvolvimento
15.
Food Chem ; 446: 138863, 2024 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38428084

RESUMO

Brewer's spent grain (BSG) is an abundant agro-industrial residue and a sustainable low-cost source for extracting proteins. The composition and functionality of BSG protein concentrates are affected by extraction conditions. This study examined the use of citric acid (CA) and HCl to precipitate BSG proteins. The resultant protein concentrates were compared in terms of their composition and functional properties. The BSG protein concentrate precipitated by CA had 10% lower protein content, 5.8% higher carbohydrate, and 5.4% higher lipid content than the sample precipitated by HCl. Hydrophilic/hydrophobic protein and saturated/unsaturated fatty acid ratios increased by 16.9% and 26.5% respectively, in the sample precipitated by CA. The formation of CA-cross-linkages was verified using shotgun proteomics and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. Precipitation by CA adversely affected protein solubility and emulsifying properties, while improving foaming properties. This study provides insights into the role of precipitants in modulating the properties of protein concentrates.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Grãos , Proteínas de Grãos/análise , Ácido Clorídrico , Grão Comestível/química
16.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 264(Pt 2): 130674, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38458273

RESUMO

Microcrystalline cellulose (MCC) was successfully synthesized from sugarcane bagasse using a rapid, low-temperature hydrochloric acid (HCl) gas treatment. The primary aim was to develop an energy-efficient "green" cellulose extraction process. Response surface methodology optimized the liquid-phase hydrolysis conditions to 3.3 % HCl at 117 °C for 127 min to obtain MCC with 350 degree of polymerization. An alternative gas-phase approach utilizing gaseous HCl diluted in hot 40 °C air was proposed to accelerate MCC production. The cellulose pulp was moistened to 15-18 % moisture content and then exposed to HCl gas, which was absorbed by the moisture in the cellulose fibers to generate a highly concentrated acidic solution that hydrolyzed the cellulose. The cellulose pulp was isolated from depithed bagasse through soda pulping, multistage bleaching and cold alkali purification. Hydrolysis was conducted by saturating the moist cellulose fibers with gaseous HCl mixed with hot air. Extensive analytical characterization using FT-IR, XRD, SEM, TGA, DSC, particle size, and porosity analyses verified comparable physicochemical attributes between MCC samples prepared via liquid and gas phase methods. The gas-produced MCC revealed 85% crystallinity, 71 Å crystallite dimensions, and thermally stable rod-shaped morphology with an average diameter below 200 µm. The similar material properties validate the proposed gas-based technique as an equally effective yet more energy-efficient alternative to conventional aqueous acid hydrolysis for fabricating highly pure MCC powders from lignocellulose. This sustainable approach enables the value-addition of sugarcane bagasse agro-industrial residue into cellulosic nanomaterials for wide-ranging industrial applications. In summary, the key achievements of this work are rapid MCC production under mild temperatures using HCl gas, optimization of liquid phase hydrolysis, successful demonstration of gas phase method, and extensive characterization verifying equivalence between both protocols. The gas methodology offers a greener cellulose extraction process from biomass.


Assuntos
Celulose , Saccharum , Celulose/química , Hidrólise , Ácido Clorídrico/química , Saccharum/química , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier
17.
Ultrasound Med Biol ; 50(6): 946-953, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38514364

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Acute lung injury (ALI) has become a research hotspot due to its significant public health impact. To explore the value of the use of modified lung ultrasound (MLUS) scoring system for evaluating ALI using a rabbit model of ALI induced by hydrochloric acid (HCl) and investigate its correlation with high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) and histopathological scores. METHODS: Twenty New Zealand laboratory rabbits were randomly assigned to control group (N = 5) and 3 experimental groups (N = 5 each). The control group received instillation of physiological saline, while the 3 experimental groups received 2 mL/kg of different doses of HCl instillation (mild group: pH 1.5, moderate group: pH 1.2, and severe group: pH 1.0) through the trachea under ultrasound guidance. Pulmonary ultrasound (using Mindray Reason9 linear array probes with frequency of 6-15 mHz) and HRCT examinations were performed before modeling (0H) and at 1H, 2H, 4H, 8H, 12H after modeling. The experimental rabbits were sacrificed at 12H for examination of gross lung morphology and hematoxylin-eosin-stained histopathological sections. The correlation of MLUS scores with HRCT/histopathological scores was assessed. RESULTS: All rabbits in the experimental groups showed oxygenation index PaO2/FiO2<300. Successful establishment of ALI model was proven by autopsy (successful modeling rate: 100%). The pathological damage increased with increase in HCl dosage. MLUS scores showed a positive correlation with HRCT scores/pathological severity. There was a strong positive correlation between MLUS scores and histopathological scores (r = 0.963, p < 0.05) as well as between HRCT scores and histopathological scores (r = 0.932, p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Transtracheal injection of different dosages of HCl under ultrasound guidance induced different degrees of ALI. The MLUS scoring system can be used for semiquantitative evaluation of ALI, and is suitable as a screening tool.


Assuntos
Lesão Pulmonar Aguda , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Ácido Clorídrico , Pulmão , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Ultrassonografia , Animais , Coelhos , Ultrassonografia/métodos , Lesão Pulmonar Aguda/diagnóstico por imagem , Lesão Pulmonar Aguda/induzido quimicamente , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Pulmão/diagnóstico por imagem , Pulmão/patologia , Masculino , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
18.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int ; 31(18): 27318-27328, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38507166

RESUMO

The presence of HCl and SO2 gas imposes limitations on syngas utilization obtained from household waste in a wide range of applications. The hydrotalcite-like compounds (HTLs) have been proved that could remove HCl efficiency. However, the research on impact of synthesis conditions of HTLs and SO2 on HCl removal was limited. In this study, a range of Ca-Mg-Al mixed oxide sorbents was synthesized by calcining HTLs, with variations in crystallization temperature, solution pH, and the Ca/Mg molar ratio. These sorbents were examined for their effectiveness in removing HCl at medium-high temperatures under diverse conditions. The adsorption performance of selected sorbents for the removal of HCl, SO2, and HCl-SO2 mixed gas at temperature of 350 °C, 450 °C, and 550 °C, respectively, was evaluated using thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). It was observed that the HTL synthesis parameters significantly influenced the HCl adsorption capacity of Ca-Mg-Al mixed oxides. Notably, HTLs synthesized at 60 °C, a solution pH of 10-11, and a Ca/Mg ratio of 4 exhibited superior crystallinity and optimal adsorption characteristics. For individual HCl and SO2 removal, temperature had a minor effect on HCl adsorption but significantly impacted SO2 adsorption rates. At temperatures above 550 °C, SO2 removal efficiency substantially decreased. When exposed to a mixed gas, the Ca-Mg-Al mixed oxides could efficiently remove both HCl and SO2 at temperatures below 550 °C, with HCl dominating the adsorption process at higher temperatures. This dual-action capability is attributed to several mechanisms through which HTL sorbents interacted with HCl, including pore filling, ion exchange, and cation exchange. Initially, HCl absorbed onto specific sites created by water and CO2 removal due to the surface's polarity. Subsequently, HCl reacted with CaCO3 and CaO formed during HTL decomposition.


Assuntos
Ácido Clorídrico , Óxidos , Adsorção , Óxidos/química , Ácido Clorídrico/química , Temperatura , Magnésio/química , Cálcio/química , Alumínio/química
19.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38311952

RESUMO

Poisoning induced by inhalation of hydrogen chloride has significant effects on the respiratory system. It can cause severe pulmonary edema and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) in the early stage, and even death in critical cases. As a novel treatment for ARDS, the efficacy of sivelestat sodium in infection-induced ARDS has been widely verified, but its application in ARDS caused by chemical poisoning is still scarce in literature. Here we report a case of ARDS induced by hydrogen chloride inhalation which was successfully treated with sivelestat sodium and conventional treatment.


Assuntos
Glicina , Ácido Clorídrico , Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório , Sulfonamidas , Humanos , Glicina/análogos & derivados , Ácido Clorídrico/efeitos adversos , Pulmão , Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório/etiologia , Sódio
20.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 26(7): 6410-6419, 2024 Feb 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38315790

RESUMO

In the present work, we report a facile and simple strategy to functionalize graphene with the chloromethyl (CH2Cl) functional group as a nanoplatform for effectual loading of the 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) anticancer drug. To achieve the highest loading capacity, hydrochloric acid concentration, the quantity of paraformaldehyde, ultrasonic treatment time, and stirring duration were all carefully optimized. The results revealed that the optimum conditions for functionalizing graphene were obtained at 70 mL of hydrochloric acid, 700 mg of paraformaldehyde, and times of 35 min and 2 h of ultrasonication and stirring. Later, the drug (5-FU) was loaded onto CH2Cl-functionalized graphene through hydrogen bonding and π-π interactions. The chemical structure of the functionalized material and the loading of the 5-FU drug were confirmed by FTIR analysis, scanning electron microscopy, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. The 5-FU loading capacity of as-prepared materials was determined using the ion chromatography instrument. Our findings demonstrate that chloromethylated graphene is a very excellent nano-platform for high-efficiency drug loading, yielding a loading capacity of 52.3%, comparatively higher than pure graphene (36.54%).


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos , Formaldeído , Grafite , Polímeros , Fluoruracila/química , Grafite/química , Ácido Clorídrico , Antineoplásicos/química , Portadores de Fármacos/química , Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos
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