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1.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e244480, 2023. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE, LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1278535

RESUMO

Abstract The objective of this study was to evaluate the properties of garlic as a growth promoter in larvae of angelfish Pterophyllum scalare and its benefits during transport of juveniles of this species. The experiment was conducted in recirculation aquaculture system, consisting of 20 tanks of 40 L equipped with independent water input and output. We used 1,400 larvae distributed among five treatments, with four repetitions, which totaled 20 experimental units. The treatments were 0, 50, 100, 200, and 400 mg of garlic extract per kilo of feed. The results showed that the inclusion of levels of garlic extract in the feed did not significantly effect the fish's development or their transport. Neither did the inclusion of levels of garlic extract affect the survival of the larvae during the trial period. New research with extracts of higher dosages should be performed to elucidate the effect of garlic extract as a growth promoter.


Resumo O estudo teve como objetivo avaliar as propriedades do alho como promotor de crescimento em larvas de acará bandeira Pterophyllum scalare e seus benefícios no transporte de juvenis da mesma espécie. O experimento foi conduzido em sistema de recirculação composto por 20 aquários de 40 L de volume útil, dotado de entrada e saída de água independentes e teve a duração de 40 dias. O delineamento experimental adotado foi o inteiramente casualizado (DIC), com cinco tratamentos e quatro repetições, totalizando 20 unidades experimentais. Foram utilizadas 1.400 larvas de acará bandeira (Pterophyllum scalare) divididas entre os tratamentos. Os tratamentos consistiram em: 0, 50, 100, 200 e 400 mg de extrato de alho por quilo de ração. Os resultados mostraram que não houve efeito significativo dos níveis de inclusão do extrato do alho sobre os índices zootécnicos avaliados e posteriormente no transporte dos juvenis. Também não foi observado influência na sobrevivência das larvas durante o período experimental. Novas pesquisas com dosagens maiores de extratos devem ser realizados para melhor elucidação do efeito do extrato de alho como promotor de crescimento.


Assuntos
Animais , Ciclídeos , Alho , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Aquicultura , Larva
2.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 7309, 2022 May 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35508554

RESUMO

Vibrio harveyi is recognized as one of the major causes of vibriosis, a disease that threatens the long-term sustainability of aquaculture. Current research shows that the Mediterranean strains of V. harveyi are serologically heterogeneous, though research comparing the traits of different strains is scarce. This study aims to describe the biochemical, physiological and genetic characteristics of three serologically different strains of V. harveyi isolated from farmed European Sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) from the Adriatic Sea. A total of 32 morphological and biochemical markers were examined and, the susceptibility to 13 antimicrobials tested, and then compared the results of high-throughput sequencing and in silico analyses. This study also presents the first whole genome sequences of V. harveyi isolated from European sea bass. A large number of nonsynonymous variations were detected among sequences of the three strains. The prediction analysis of resistance genes did not correspond with the in vitro antimicrobial susceptibility tests. Six virulence genes previously unrelated to virulence of vibrios were detected in all three studied strains. The results show that differences were detected at every level of comparison among the three studied strains isolated from the same fish species originating from a small geographic area.


Assuntos
Bass , Doenças dos Peixes , Vibrioses , Vibrio , Animais , Aquicultura , Vibrioses/veterinária
3.
Exp Suppl ; 114: 247-283, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35544006

RESUMO

Around 57.1% of microsporidia occupy aquatic environments, excluding a further 25.7% that utilise both terrestrial and aquatic systems. The aquatic microsporidia therefore compose the most diverse elements of the Microsporidia phylum, boasting unique structural features, variable transmission pathways, and significant ecological influence. From deep oceans to tropical rivers, these parasites are present in most aquatic environments and have been shown to infect hosts from across the Protozoa and Animalia. The consequences of infection range from mortality to intricate behavioural change, and their presence in aquatic communities often alters the overall functioning of the ecosystem.In this chapter, we explore aquatic microsporidian diversity from the perspective of aquatic animal health. Examples of microsporidian parasitism of importance to an aquacultural ('One Health') context and ecosystem context are focussed upon. These include infection of commercially important penaeid shrimp by Enterocytozoon hepatopenaei and interesting hyperparasitic microsporidians of wild host groups.Out of ~1500 suggested microsporidian species, 202 have been adequately taxonomically described using a combination of ultrastructural and genetic techniques from aquatic and semi-aquatic hosts. These species are our primary focus, and we suggest that the remaining diversity have additional genetic or morphological data collected to formalise their underlying systematics.


Assuntos
Microsporídios , Animais , Aquicultura , Ecossistema , Microsporídios/genética , Microsporídios/ultraestrutura , Filogenia , Rios
4.
Exp Suppl ; 114: 285-317, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35544007

RESUMO

There have been several significant new findings regarding Microsporidia of fishes over the last decade. Here we provide an update on new taxa, new hosts and new diseases in captive and wild fishes since 2013. The importance of microsporidiosis continues to increase with the rapid growth of finfish aquaculture and the dramatic increase in the use of zebrafish as a model in biomedical research. In addition to reviewing new taxa and microsporidian diseases, we include discussions on advances with diagnostic methods, impacts of microsporidia on fish beyond morbidity and mortality, novel findings with transmission and invertebrate hosts, and a summary of the phylogenetics of fish microsporidia.


Assuntos
Microsporídios , Microsporidiose , Animais , Aquicultura , Microsporídios/genética , Microsporidiose/genética , Filogenia , Peixe-Zebra
5.
Vet Rec ; 190(10): 389, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35593567
6.
J Environ Manage ; 315: 115100, 2022 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35525040

RESUMO

Aquaculture pond is one of the most important land use types and a main income source in coastal zones in Southeast Asia. However, the fast expansion of aquaculture ponds threatens coastal ecosystems - an issue that Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)14 seeks to address. Investigating expansion patterns is essential for exploring the drivers and understanding its impacts, and thus the focus of the sustainable management of aquaculture. This study aims to assess the spatio-temporal expansion patterns of aquaculture ponds with multitemporal remote sensing images and geographic information system in the coastal zone of Southeast Asia over a 25-year period (1990-2015), to understanding how globalization and economic policies may have contributed to such changes. The results show that, in 2015, total area of coastal aquaculture ponds was about 23,245 km2, and 79% of coastal aquaculture ponds distributed within 15 km from the coastline. And the amount has expanded about 2.6 times in the past 25 years. Vietnam has the largest area of aquaculture in 2015 and the highest annual increasing rate, accounting for 40.28% and 298.5 km2/y, followed by Indonesia (31.50% and 156.8 km2/y), Thailand (10.79% and 64.8 km2/y), Myanmar (8.76% and 61.1 km2/y). The expansion pattern of aquaculture ponds in the region altered from outlying to edge-expansion from the year of 2000. The main drivers of rapid expansion lie to the intensified local fisher policies as a result of economic globalization. While development of aquaculture has enhanced family income, it has also led to significant reduction of mangrove and coastal water pollution (eutrophication). With the prevailing antagonism between aquaculture expansion and ecosystem conversion, our research call for the local government's attention to sustainable management of aquaculture. This will be the key to reduce food safety risk and simultaneously prevent inevitable damages to coastal ecosystems, as stipulated by SDGs 2 and 14.


Assuntos
Ecossistema , Lagoas , Aquicultura , Ásia Sudeste , Sistemas de Informação Geográfica
7.
Water Res ; 218: 118497, 2022 Jun 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35537252

RESUMO

Antibiotics are often applied in aquaculture to prevent fish diseases. These substances can cause disturbances on receiving waters, when not properly eliminated from the aquaculture effluents. In this work, ozone (O3) was investigated as a possible oxidizing agent to remove fishery antibiotics from aquaculture effluents: florfenicol (FF), oxytetracycline (OTC), sulfadimethoxine (SDM), sulfamethoxazole (SMX), and trimethoprim (TMP). Batch experiments were performed using ultrapure water and aquaculture effluents spiked with a mixture of target antibiotics at relatively high concentrations (10 mg L-1 each). OTC, SMX and TMP were fully removed (< 30 min) regardless of the tested conditions, mainly by O3 direct attack. In contrast, FF was partially removed in 30 min (∼ 10 and 60%, in aquaculture effluents and ultrapure water, respectively), but only in the presence of hydroxyl radicals (HO•), the FF concentrations reaching levels below the detection limits in ultrapure water after 60 min. In the case of SDM, its degradation was highly influenced by the selected water matrix, but with removals always higher than 68%. In continuous-flow experiments applying more environmentally relevant antibiotic concentrations (100 ng L-1 each) and low O3 doses (1.5 mg L-1), ozonation highly removed (> 98%) all tested antibiotics from aquaculture effluents with a hydraulic retention time (HRT) of 10 min, except FF (68%). Although by-products were detected in treated samples, zebrafish (Danio rerio) embryotoxicity tests did not show a toxicity increase by applying this ozonation treatment. Ozonation is thus a possible solution to remove antibiotics from aquaculture effluents. Still, full-scale studies in aquaculture farms are needed, and generation of HO• may be favoured to readily oxidize the FF antibiotic.


Assuntos
Oxitetraciclina , Ozônio , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Purificação da Água , Animais , Antibacterianos/toxicidade , Aquicultura , Ozônio/química , Sulfadimetoxina , Sulfametoxazol , Trimetoprima/toxicidade , Água , Poluentes Químicos da Água/química , Peixe-Zebra
8.
Bioresour Technol ; 355: 127286, 2022 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35545206

RESUMO

Although biological treatment of marine aquaculture wastewater is promising, the fundamental principles driving the adsorption of tetracycline to microbial cell membrane are not well understood. Using a combination of experiments and molecular dynamics (MD) simulations, the mechanism underlying the biological removal of tetracycline from seawater was investigated. More than 90% tetracycline removal was achieved in an aerobic granular sludge system, with degradation accounting for 30% of total removal. A model of the tetracycline-dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine lipid bilayers was established to elucidate the transport mechanism of tetracycline from bulk solution to microorganisms' cell membrane. 62% of the driving force for tetracycline adsorption on the cell membrane originated from electrostatic attraction. The electrophilic groups on tetracycline (amino and aromatic groups) were attracted to the phosphate groups in the cell membrane. Sodium ions, which are abundant in seawater, decreased the interaction energy between tetracycline and the cell membrane.


Assuntos
Esgotos , Águas Residuárias , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Aquicultura , Reatores Biológicos , Simulação de Dinâmica Molecular , Tetraciclina/farmacologia , Eliminação de Resíduos Líquidos
9.
Mar Environ Res ; 177: 105642, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35567873

RESUMO

Nitrogen is an essential nutrient in aquaculture. It is also an important factor in coastal and river eutrophication. We present an island-scale model to study the nitrogen flows in different aquaculture systems in Hainan Island during 1998-2018. The result indicated that nitrogen losses associated with pond sludge, wastewater discharge and gaseous emission increased by a factor of 1.4, 4.6 and 3.2, respectively. Sludge and wastewater account for 84% of the total losses to the environment. During the past 20 years, aquacultural yields and the nitrogen use efficiency (NUE) improved considerably in Hainan Island. Nevertheless, nitrogen losses to the environment increased significantly as well, with negative effects for local ecosystems. In the future, sustainable aquacultural practices are needed to improve NUE and to reduce nitrogen losses to the environment.


Assuntos
Ecossistema , Nitrogênio , Aquicultura , Monitoramento Ambiental , Água Doce , Nitrogênio/análise , Esgotos , Águas Residuárias
11.
PLoS One ; 17(5): e0268114, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35522677

RESUMO

Light intensity has an important environmental influence on the quality and yield of aquatic products. It is essential to understand the effects of light intensity on water quality and fish metabolism before large-scale aquaculture is implemented. In this study, two low-intensity light levels, 0 lx and 100 lx, were used to stress Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus), with a natural light level (500 lx) used as control. The pH, dissolved oxygen and ammonia contents were significantly lower in the water used in the 0 lx and 100 lx groups than in controls, while the levels of nitrite and total phosphorus were apparently higher. Moreover, the numbers of heterotrophic bacteria, Vibrio and total coliforms in aquaculture water were 157.1%, 314.2% and 502.4% higher, respectively, after 0 lx light stress for 15 days. The survival rate of Nile tilapia decreased significantly to 90.6% under 0 lx light on the 15th day. Of the immune-related genes, the expressions of IFN-γ, IL-12 and IL-4 were 390.3%, 757.8% and 387.5% higher under 0 lx light and 303.3%, 471.2% and 289.7% higher under 100 lx light, respectively. These results indicate that low-intensity light changes the physicochemical parameters of aquaculture water and increases the number of bacteria it hosts while decreasing the survival rate and increasing the disease resistance of Nile tilapia.


Assuntos
Ciclídeos , Doenças dos Peixes , Amônia , Animais , Aquicultura , Ciclídeos/genética , Resistência à Doença , Doenças dos Peixes/microbiologia , Qualidade da Água
12.
Environ Pollut ; 305: 119276, 2022 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35405221

RESUMO

Widespread conversion of coastal wetlands into aquaculture ponds in coastal region often results in degradation of the wetland ecosystems, but its effects on sediment's potential to produce greenhouse gases remain unclear. Using field sampling, incubation experiments and molecular analysis, we studied the sediment CH4 production potential and the relevant microbial communities in a brackish marsh and the nearby aquaculture ponds in the Min River Estuary in southeastern China. Sediment CH4 production potential was higher in the summer and autumn months than in spring and winter months, and it was significantly correlated with sediment carbon content among all environmental variables. The mean sediment CH4 production potential in the aquaculture ponds (20.1 ng g-1 d-1) was significantly lower than that in the marsh (45.2 ng g-1 d-1). While Methanobacterium dominated in both habitats (41-59%), the overall composition of sediment methanogenic archaea communities differed significantly between the two habitats (p < 0.05) and methanogenic archaea alpha diversity was lower in the aquaculture ponds (p < 0.01). Network analysis revealed that interactions between sediment methanogenic archaea were much weaker in the ponds than in the marsh. Overall, these findings suggest that conversion of marsh land to aquaculture ponds significantly altered the sediment methanogenic archaea community structure and diversity and lowered the sediment's capacity to produce CH4.


Assuntos
Lagoas , Áreas Alagadas , Aquicultura , Archaea , Ecossistema , Metano
13.
Bioresour Technol ; 354: 127144, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35413421

RESUMO

The unprecedented demand for seafood has resulted in land-based recirculating aquaculture systems (RAS), a highly intensive but sustainable fish farming method. However, intensification also results in concentrated waste streams of fecal matter and uneaten feed. Harvesting and processing vast quantities of fish also leads to the production of byproducts, further creating disposal challenges for fish farms. Recent research indicates that anaerobic digestion (AD), often used for waste treatment in agricultural and wastewater industries, may provide a viable solution. Limited research on AD of freshwater, brackish, and saline wastewater from RAS facilities and co-digestion of seafood byproducts has shown promising results but with considerable operational and process stability issues. This review discusses challenges to AD due to low solid concentrations, salinity, low carbon/nitrogen ratio, and high lipid content in the waste streams. Opportunities for recovering valuable biomolecules and nutrients through microbial treatment, aquaponics, microalgae, and polyhydroxyalkanoate production are also discussed.


Assuntos
Aquicultura , Águas Residuárias , Anaerobiose , Nitrogênio/análise , Alimentos Marinhos
14.
Mar Pollut Bull ; 178: 113646, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35427815

RESUMO

As global ecological disasters, green tide outbreaks have been observed in the Southern Yellow Sea (SYS) of China since 2007, resulting in considerable economic losses and environmental damage to the coastal cities of Jiangsu and Shandong Provinces. Therefore, prevention of green tides is crucial. Previous studies have revealed that a relatively small green tide outbreak scale in the SYS was observed in 2018 and 2020, with the green tides covering areas of 193 km2 and 192 km2 and durations of 91 days and 64 days, respectively. Killing green macroalgae attached to cultivation ropes in Neopyropia aquaculture areas, which has been considered a primary source of the blooms, early removal of Neopyropia aquaculture rafts, and green tide prevention in the SYS are the key reasons for the decrease in green tides in 2018 and 2020. Furthermore, to address the challenges associated with the current green tide source prevention measures, we proposed a comprehensive control method that combines ecological farming, early green tide prevention, and resource utilization. Potential secondary pollution caused by the chemicals used to control Ulva prolifera can be minimized. Conversely, Neopyropia yezoensis quality may be enhanced through continuous improvement of its culturing process, which in turn, could reduce the green tide blooming scale.


Assuntos
Alga Marinha , Ulva , Aquicultura , Monitoramento Ambiental , Eutrofização
15.
Mar Pollut Bull ; 178: 113649, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35427816

RESUMO

This editorial presents results of the MANA (MANagement of Atolls) project compiled in the form of a Marine Pollution Bulletin collection of 14 articles. MANA is a project funded by the French Agence National pour la Recherche that specifically addresses the development of knowledge and management tools for pearl farming atolls, with a focus on the spat collecting activity in French Polynesia. The 14 papers cover the range of thematic tasks described in the initial project, including atoll geomorphology and bathymetry, climate forcing, atoll lagoon and rim hydrodynamics, typology of atolls, evaluation of remote sensing data for monitoring atoll lagoons, and development of numerical models and spatially-explicit tools that altogether have contributed to the applied objectives. In addition, this editorial draws an update on the pearl farming industry in French Polynesia with the latest statistics, and discusses the next targeted priorities for research programs focusing on pearl farming atolls.


Assuntos
Pinctada , Animais , Aquicultura/métodos , Oceano Pacífico , Polinésia
16.
Mar Pollut Bull ; 178: 113620, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35427817

RESUMO

For understanding the significance of tidal pumping for driving submarine groundwater discharge (SGD), two time series observations were conducted over tidal cycles in typical mariculture areas of Sanmen Bay, China. Based on 224Ra and dissolved silicon (DSi), the tide-driven SGD fluxes showed significant negative correlations with tidal height, and were 16.4 ± 5.6 cm d-1 and 21.7 ± 13.9 cm d-1 at two coastal sites of the Sanmen Bay, highlighting the potential of DSi in SGD calculation when coastal waters are on short time scales. Furthermore, nutrient fluxes through tidally influenced SGD were estimated to be 11.5-26.5 mmol m-2 d-1 for dissolved inorganic nitrogen, 0.06-0.34 mmol m-2 d-1 for dissolved inorganic phosphorus and 11.5-32.1 mmol m-2 d-1 for DSi, which were higher than those from surface loadings, revealing that tide-driven SGD with large amounts of nutrient and high N:P ratios may significantly contribute to the development of marine aquaculture.


Assuntos
Água Subterrânea , Rádio (Elemento) , Aquicultura , Monitoramento Ambiental , Rádio (Elemento)/análise , Silício , Movimentos da Água
17.
Sci Data ; 9(1): 171, 2022 04 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35418183

RESUMO

Labeo rohita (Rohu) is one of the most important fish species produced in world aquaculture. Integrative omics research provides a strong platform to understand the basic biology and translate this knowledge into sustainable solutions in tackling disease outbreak, increasing productivity and ensuring food security. Mass spectrometry-based proteomics has provided insights to understand the biology in a new direction. Very little proteomics work has been done on 'Rohu' limiting such resources for the aquaculture community. Here, we utilised an extensive mass spectrometry based proteomic profiling data of 17 histologically normal tissues, plasma and embryo of Rohu to develop an open source PeptideAtlas. The current build of "Rohu PeptideAtlas" has mass-spectrometric evidence for 6015 high confidence canonical proteins at 1% false discovery rate, 2.9 million PSMs and ~150 thousand peptides. This is the first open-source proteomics repository for an aquaculture species. The 'Rohu PeptideAtlas' would promote basic and applied aquaculture research to address the most critical challenge of ensuring nutritional security for a growing population.


Assuntos
Cyprinidae , Proteômica , Animais , Aquicultura
18.
World J Microbiol Biotechnol ; 38(5): 92, 2022 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35430650

RESUMO

During ten months, batch culture of Desmodesmus asymmetricus microalgae was carried out under greenhouse conditions. The inoculation ratio was 1:1 (inoculum:treated water). The cultures were maintained for 5 days with natural light and constant aeration mixed with carbon dioxide. The biomass was concentrated by centrifugation and dried by lyophilization; subsequently, total proteins and amino acid concentration were quantified. A relationship between biomass production and seasonal variation was observed, the lowest dry biomass production was recorded in June (38.8 ± 1.0 mg L-1 day-1) and July (43.3 ± 0.1 mg L-1 day-1); while the highest values ​​were greater than 70 mg L-1 day-1 in March. There was a high positive correlation between wet and dry biomass (r = 0.97, p < 0.001) with a mean conversion of 26%. The mean percentage of protein was 26.1 ± 2.6%, the highest percentage was registered in March (31.03 ± 1.48%) as well as the concentration of amino acids. Regarding amino acids, arginine obtained the highest concentration (4.08 ± 0.43 g 100 g-1), followed by aspartic acid (3.36 ± 0.23 g 100 g-1), while the lowest values were for methionine (0.55 ± 0.21 g 100 g-1), histidine (0.77 ± 0.07 g 100 g-1) and tyrosine (1.01 ± 0.17 g 100 g-1). Finally, according to the essential amino acid index (in fish ≥ 0.90, in crustaceans > 0.80), the biomass of D. asymmetricus has potential as a food supplement for the production of feed in aquaculture.


Assuntos
Microalgas , Aminoácidos/metabolismo , Aquicultura , Técnicas de Cultura Celular por Lotes , Biomassa , Microalgas/metabolismo
19.
PLoS One ; 17(4): e0264997, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35468138

RESUMO

Fisheries are forecasted to shrink in the tropics due to climate change. In Vietnam, fisheries are a pro-poor economic sector and essential nutrition source; however, welfares of producers and consumers in the climate change context are not well understood. While most studies focus on the gains or losses of total products and revenues, this paper pays additional attention to the changes in surpluses of market players in the long run. A combination of the production function, demand and supply functions, and partial equilibrium analysis is employed to measure the production and welfare impacts based on time series data from 1976 to 2018 and a Vietnam household living standards survey in 2018. The results show that relative to the present, catch yield is likely to reduce 35%-45% by mid-century and 45%-80% by the end of the century. Consumers may lose their surplus of 7-9 billion USD (PPP, 2018) by 2035 and 10-18 billion USD by 2065 due to supply reduction, while producers may gain additional profit of 3.5-4.5 billion USD by 2035 and 5-9 billion USD by 2065 owing to a price increase. The research findings suggest that Vietnam could impose measures to limit capture effort, as set out in the Law of Fisheries 2017, without harming fisher welfare. The expansion of aquaculture could reduce the gap between supply and demand of wild fish to mitigate consumer welfare loss; however, this impact is still ambiguous.


Assuntos
Mudança Climática , Pesqueiros , Animais , Aquicultura/métodos , Peixes , Vietnã
20.
Methods Mol Biol ; 2467: 469-491, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35451787

RESUMO

To date, genomic prediction has been conducted in about 20 aquaculture species, with a preference for intra-family genomic selection (GS). For every trait under GS, the increase in accuracy obtained by genomic estimated breeding values instead of classical pedigree-based estimation of breeding values is very important in aquaculture species ranging from 15% to 89% for growth traits, and from 0% to 567% for disease resistance. Although the implementation of GS in aquaculture is of little additional investment in breeding programs already implementing sib testing on pedigree, the deployment of GS remains sparse, but could be boosted by adaptation of cost-effective imputation from low-density panels. Moreover, GS could help to anticipate the effect of climate change by improving sustainability-related traits such as production yield (e.g., carcass or fillet yields), feed efficiency or disease resistance, and by improving resistance to environmental variation (tolerance to temperature or salinity variation). This chapter synthesized the literature in applications of GS in finfish, crustaceans and molluscs aquaculture in the present and future breeding programs.


Assuntos
Resistência à Doença , Genoma , Aquicultura , Resistência à Doença/genética , Genômica , Genótipo , Humanos , Modelos Genéticos , Fenótipo , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Seleção Genética
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