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1.
Libyan J Med ; 17(1): 2095727, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35775812

RESUMO

Assertiveness is a constructive interpersonal behavior alternative to manipulation and aggression. Medical students (MSs) have daily interpersonal interactions with colleagues, patients and families. Yet, communication deficiencies due to hesitancy to speak-up assertively lead to adverse patient outcomes. This study aimed to assess levels of assertive behaviors (ABs), and to determine its predictors within a sample of first-year Tunisian MSs. This was a cross-sectional survey including 125 first-year MSs from Tunisia. ABs were measured by the Rathus assertiveness scale. Potential independent predictors of AB were evaluated using the following questionnaires: Rosenberg self-esteem scale, interpersonal communication skills inventory short-form-36quality of life questionnaire, and general health questionnaire. In addition, some MSs' characteristics were considered (eg; age, sex, living with family, assertiveness training, community work, personal medical field choice, smoking, and alcohol use). Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed. Among the 309 MSs, 125 (40.45%) responded to the survey. AB were found in 36.8% of MSs. Multiple linear regression models revealed that self-esteem global scores, sending clear messages, anxiety/depression and male sex were accountable for 31% in AB scores variance. Targeting self-esteem and interpersonal communication skills (sending clear messages) and identifying subgroups of students with anxiety/depression state would influence ABs.


Assuntos
Assertividade , Estudantes de Medicina , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Masculino , Autoimagem , Inquéritos e Questionários
2.
Diagn. tratamento ; 27(2): 39-41, abr-jun. 2022.
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1369108

Assuntos
Assertividade
3.
Violence Vict ; 37(3): 367-380, 2022 06 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35654490

RESUMO

The aim of the present two-wave prospective study was twofold: (1) to identify the role of assertiveness in exposure to workplace bullying and (2) to determine causal and reverse causal long-term associations between workplace bullying exposure, working conditions and assertiveness. In the present two-wave panel design study (N = 128), with a six-month lag, high assertiveness predicted exposure to bullying. Furthermore, in line with the work environment hypothesis, the results indicate that negative workplace conditions in the first wave led to workplace bullying exposure. The findings suggest that assertive communication may be inappropriate in the case of workplace bullying. As such, we argue that functional assertiveness could be useful.


Assuntos
Bullying , Estresse Ocupacional , Assertividade , Humanos , Estudos Prospectivos , Local de Trabalho
4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35682330

RESUMO

Cyberhate represents a risk to adolescents' development and peaceful coexistence in democratic societies. Yet, not much is known about the relationship between adolescents' ability to cope with cyberhate and their cyberhate involvement. To fill current gaps in the literature and inform the development of media education programs, the present study investigated various coping strategies in a hypothetical cyberhate scenario as correlates for being cyberhate victims, perpetrators, and both victim-perpetrators. The sample consisted of 6829 adolescents aged 12-18 years old (Mage = 14.93, SD = 1.64; girls: 50.4%, boys: 48.9%, and 0.7% did not indicate their gender) from Asia, Europe, and North America. Results showed that adolescents who endorsed distal advice or endorsed technical coping showed a lower likelihood to be victims, perpetrators, or victim-perpetrators. In contrast, if adolescents felt helpless or endorsed retaliation to cope with cyberhate, they showed higher odds of being involved in cyberhate as victims, perpetrators, or victim-perpetrators. Finally, adolescents who endorsed close support as a coping strategy showed a lower likelihood to be victim-perpetrators, and adolescents who endorsed assertive coping showed higher odds of being victims. In conclusion, the results confirm the importance of addressing adolescents' ability to deal with cyberhate to develop more tailored prevention approaches. More specifically, such initiatives should focus on adolescents who feel helpless or feel inclined to retaliate. In addition, adolescents should be educated to practice distal advice and technical coping when experiencing cyberhate. Implications for the design and instruction of evidence-based cyberhate prevention (e.g., online educational games, virtual learning environments) will be discussed.


Assuntos
Vítimas de Crime , Adaptação Psicológica , Adolescente , Ásia , Assertividade , Criança , Europa (Continente) , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino
5.
Tijdschr Psychiatr ; 64(4): 206-213, 2022.
Artigo em Holandês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35506973

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Interpersonal behavioral style (IPBS) refers to the way in which someone behaves in social contact. IPBS affects the type and quality of different social interactions including the therapeutic relationship. The therapeutic relationship correlates with treatment outcome, IPBS possibly too. The direction of that relationship remains unclear. AIM: To examine the predictive value of IPBS on treatment outcome in group treatment. METHOD: 149 patients were divided in different types of IPBS: degree of affiliation (kindness vs. hostility), degree of dominance (dominant vs. submissive), quadrants (combination of affiliation and dominance) and vector length (strength of IPBS). Treatment outcome was measured in experienced psychopathology, social anxiety and frequency of social contact. Groups were compared by using one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA). Significant differences were analyzed using Tukey's post-hoc analysis. RESULTS: Vector length predicted all treatment outcome measures. The degree of dominance predicted only scores on social anxiety and frequency of social contact. The degree of affiliation did not predict any treatment results. CONCLUSION: Findings suggest that adult patients with stronger IPBS and a more submissive, sub-assertive IPBS experienced lower social anxiety scores and increased frequency of social contact after treatment. A stronger IPBS also predicts lower experienced psychopathology post-treatment. The degree of kindness/hostility does not affect treatment outcome.


Assuntos
Assertividade , Relações Interpessoais , Adulto , Humanos , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 119(13): e2118244119, 2022 03 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35312365

RESUMO

SignificanceTo date, researchers and practitioners have focused on the academic challenges of underrepresented ethnic groups in the United States. In comparison, Asians have received limited attention, as they are commonly assumed to excel across all educational stages. Six large studies challenge this assumption by revealing that East Asians (but not South Asians) underperform in US law schools and business schools. This is not because East Asians are less academically motivated or less proficient in English but because their low verbal assertiveness is culturally incongruent with the assertiveness prized by US law and business schools. Online classes (via Zoom) mitigated East Asians' underperformance in courses emphasizing assertiveness and class participation. Educators should reexamine pedagogical practices to create a culturally inclusive classroom.


Assuntos
Assertividade , Instituições Acadêmicas , Asiáticos , Escolaridade , Etnicidade , Humanos , Estados Unidos
7.
Arch Sex Behav ; 51(3): 1509-1520, 2022 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35112268

RESUMO

Women are socialized to endorse femininity scripts mandating that they prioritize others' needs and engage in self-silencing behaviors. Further, Black women may also endorse the strong Black woman (SBW) ideal, by which they are expected to selflessly meet the needs of their family and community and, as such, may embrace self-silencing in their interpersonal relationships. In a sample of 597 Black undergraduate and graduate college women, we tested whether: (1) self-silencing and SBW ideal endorsement would be independently, inversely associated with three dimensions of sexual assertiveness-communication assertiveness, refusal assertiveness, and pleasure-focused assertiveness; and (2) the association between self-silencing and sexual assertiveness would be stronger among Black women who endorse the SBW ideal. Correlational and regression analyses revealed that self-silencing was negatively linked to all dimensions of sexual assertiveness; SBW ideal endorsement was associated with lower levels of communication and pleasure-focused assertiveness. As expected, SBW ideal endorsement moderated the association between Black women's engagement in self-silencing and two dimensions of sexual assertiveness. Self-silencing was associated with less communication and pleasure-focused assertiveness regardless of their level of SBW endorsement. Findings highlight the complexities of Black women's desire to fulfill expectations to be strong, assertive, and/or compliant and silent. Interventions to promote Black women's sexual health should address sexual assertiveness and feminine silencing norms.


Assuntos
Assertividade , Comportamento Sexual , Feminino , Humanos , Relações Interpessoais , Estudantes , Universidades
8.
J Sex Marital Ther ; 48(6): 628-640, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35188080

RESUMO

In the present study we investigated the reliability and validity of an Implicit Association Test of sexual assertiveness (the SA-IAT) in a sample of young adults (n = 159). The D600 algorithm was used to calculate implicit sexual assertiveness scores. Explicit sexual assertiveness was measured using a selection of items from the Hurlbert Index of Sexual Assertiveness. Personality traits were assessed using the revised, short version of the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire. The internal consistency of the SA-IAT was evaluated based on split-half reliability, and found acceptable with α = 0.61 for the practice trials, and α = 0.70 for the test trials, after correction for attenuation. Convergent and divergent validity were evaluated using correlation analysis. Correlation with explicit sexual assertiveness was found to be low, as expected. Divergent validity of the SA-IAT was evaluated against the personality traits of extraversion, neuroticism, and social desirability. Except for a significant correlation of implicit sexual assertiveness with extraversion in the full sample and the female subsample, implicit sexual assertiveness and personality traits were not found to share variance, as expected.


Assuntos
Assertividade , Comportamento Sexual , Feminino , Humanos , Países Baixos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Adulto Jovem
9.
J Interpers Violence ; 37(7-8): NP4889-NP4904, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32438885

RESUMO

Sexual coercion is a global problem that has been studied widely with regard to various characteristics of the perpetrators. The Dark Triad of personality (i.e., narcissism, Machiavellianism, and primary and secondary psychopathy) has been indicated as an important predictor of coercive cognitions and behaviors. In this study, we report findings of an online study (N = 208), exploring the relationship between sexual coercion, the Dark Triad, and sexual assertiveness (i.e., strategies for achieving sexual autonomy). We found that the Dark Triad was a stronger predictor of sexual coercion in men than in women. In men, all the Dark Triad components were significantly, positively correlated with sexual coercion, and narcissism and Machiavellianism had significant, negative correlations with sexual assertiveness. In women, only narcissism had a significant, positive correlation with sexual coercion, and the Dark Triad traits were not correlated with sexual assertiveness. In regression analyses, controlling for shared variance between the predictor variables, high secondary psychopathy, and low sexual assertiveness emerged as significant predictors of coercion in men. Only narcissism was a significant positive predictor in women. We discuss the results with a reference to evolutionary Life History theory.


Assuntos
Assertividade , Coerção , Transtorno da Personalidade Antissocial , Feminino , Humanos , Maquiavelismo , Masculino , Narcisismo , Comportamento Sexual
10.
Arch Sex Behav ; 51(1): 621-632, 2022 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34762247

RESUMO

Existing literature shows conflicting and inconclusive evidence regarding women's sexual experiences in casual sex. Some studies have found negative sexual outcomes (e.g., fewer orgasms), while others have found positive sexual outcomes (e.g., more orgasms, higher sexual satisfaction) when women had casual sex. According to self-determination theory (Deci & Ryan, 1985), people's needs are fulfilled when their choice and behavior are self-motivated and reflect their intrinsic values. We hypothesized that women's autonomous motivation to have casual sex would be associated with higher orgasmic function, whereas nonautonomous motivation would be associated with lower orgasmic function in casual sex. We also hypothesized that sexual assertiveness would mediate the relationship between sexual motives and orgasmic function in casual sex. Participants in this study were women (N = 401) aged 18-59 years who reported having had casual sex in the past 12 months. Participants completed an online survey reporting their motives to have casual sex, sexual assertiveness, and orgasmic function (e.g., orgasm frequency, satisfaction with orgasm) in casual sex. We focused on two motives: (a) pleasure motive and (b) insecurity (i.e., self-esteem boost and pressure) motive. Results showed that greater pleasure (autonomous) motives related to higher sexual assertiveness, which in turn related to higher orgasmic function in casual sex. In contrast, greater insecurity (nonautonomous) motives related to lower sexual assertiveness, which in turn related to lower orgasmic function in casual sex. The findings support self-determination theory, suggesting that autonomous motives are important for women's sexual experience in casual sex.


Assuntos
Assertividade , Orgasmo , Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Motivação , Comportamento Sexual , Parceiros Sexuais , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
11.
J Sex Res ; 59(2): 203-211, 2022 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33528275

RESUMO

Western studies have demonstrated that female sexual assertiveness is positively associated with sexual satisfaction in a committed heterosexual relationship. Furthermore, the ability of women to refuse sex has been shown to protect them from unwanted sexual contact and to lead to fewer sexual victimization experiences and less risky sexual behavior. However, there is little research on female sexual assertiveness that included both the own (actor effect) and partner (partner effect) impact of female sexual assertiveness on sexual satisfaction from a dyadic approach, involving both members of a couple. The data for the present study came from a representative sample of Chinese couples collected by the Hong Kong Family Planning Association in 2017. Using the actor-partner interdependence model, the results indicated that female sexual initiation was positively associated with both their own and their partner's sexual satisfaction. However, female sexual refusal was not associated with the sexual satisfaction of either party. These findings suggest the importance of adopting a dyadic approach in sex research to capture the mutual influences between partners. Couples should be encouraged to express their sexual desires and refuse unwanted sex requests honestly to improve their and their partner's sexual satisfaction.


Assuntos
Assertividade , Orgasmo , Feminino , Hong Kong , Humanos , Relações Interpessoais , Satisfação Pessoal , Comportamento Sexual , Parceiros Sexuais
12.
Psychol Rep ; 125(1): 29-54, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33334248

RESUMO

This study explored the relation between assertiveness and parental behavior as perceived by young adults through parental acceptance-rejection and behavioral and psychological control. Αssertiveness is a mode of personal behavior and communication characterized by willingness to stand up for one's own needs and interests in an open and direct way. Inappropriate parenting may be associated with assertiveness difficulties and as evidence-based findings from many surveys have shown that assertive skills can be improved, it seems to be of great importance to examine the relation between assertiveness and parental rejection along with lack of support, and vice versa. In this study, assertiveness was investigated using the Rathus Assertiveness Schedule and parental behavior was studied using the Adult Parental Acceptance-Rejection/Control Questionnaire. Psychosocial personality traits and psychological control were assessed through the Adult Personality Assessment Questionnaire and the Psychological Control Scale, respectively. The sample consisted of 1,117 university students from Greek universities in Athens, Greece, and in Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina (B&H). For all measures and their psychometric structure, factor equivalence for the two countries was verified through congruence coefficients and through confirmatory factor analyses. Findings showed that in respect to the Greek sample (but not the B&H sample), assertive-behavior skills are more common among men than women. Assertiveness for all participants is correlated with maternal psychological control and paternal acceptance and also with self-evaluation and worldview. Apparently, maternal psychological control and paternal acceptance-rejection seemed to be associated with young adults' levels of assertiveness to a greater degree than with the other parental behavior parameters assessed in the present research.


Assuntos
Assertividade , Rejeição em Psicologia , Bósnia e Herzegóvina , Feminino , Grécia , Humanos , Masculino , Pais , Adulto Jovem
13.
PLoS One ; 16(8): e0255159, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34383801

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Irish Assertiveness Scale is commonly used to examine the individual' level of assertiveness. There is no adequately validated Arabic instrument that examines the level of assertiveness among Arabic-speaking undergraduate nursing students. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to translate, then evaluate the psychometric properties of the Arabic version of the Irish Assertiveness Scale among Saudi undergraduate nursing students and interns. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. SETTINGS: Three nursing colleges from three provinces in Saudi Arabia: Riyadh, Eastern and Makkah provinces. PARTICIPANTS: 283 questionnaires were completed by 3rd and 4th year undergraduate nursing students, and nursing interns. METHODS: A standard procedure including forward-backward translation, cultural adaptation and pilot testing was adopted to translate the Irish Assertiveness Scale into Arabic language. Content validity was measured using content validity index. Scale reliability was measured using cronbach's alpha coefficient and mean inter-item correlation. The sample was randomly split, and exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis was then conducted on each sample to examine the construct validity of the proposed scale. A subsequent convergent validity and discriminant validity were also tested. RESULTS: The item-level content validity index ranged from 0.9 to 1.0, and the overall content validity index was 0.93. The exploratory factor analysis resulted in 23-items, four-factor solution explaining 49.4% of the total variance. The mean inter-item correlation for each factor ranged between 0.22 and 0.4. Cronbach's alpha coefficients for the overall scale was 0.80. The confirmatory factor analysis showed that the proposed four-factor solution had the best model fit. Whilst discriminant validity was supported in the new model, convergent validity was partially met. CONCLUSIONS: This study contributed toward establishing the Arabic version of the Irish Assertiveness Scale. Considering the limitations of the convergent validity demonstrated in the new instrument, a modified version of the Irish Assertiveness Scale might be needed to ascertain the most feasible model which best captures the level of assertiveness in Arabic cultural context.


Assuntos
Assertividade , Bacharelado em Enfermagem , Internato e Residência , Idioma , Psicometria , Estudantes de Enfermagem , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto , Análise Discriminante , Análise Fatorial , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Modelos Teóricos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Arábia Saudita , Adulto Jovem
14.
Arch Sex Behav ; 50(6): 2543-2561, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34297213

RESUMO

While orgasm is often conceptualized as a physiological reflex, research has also shown it to be symbolic and to be attributed significant meaning. However, in the absence of a comprehensive measure assessing cultural orgasm scripts and beliefs, the extent to which individuals personally endorse them is unknown. Grounded in sexual script theory, the present research aimed to develop and validate a measure assessing cultural orgasm beliefs, and to investigate gender differences in their endorsement using the new measure. In Study 1, an MTurk sample (N = 448) completed a preliminary version of the Orgasm Beliefs Inventory (OBI). Exploratory factor analyses revealed 11 orgasm beliefs that could be grouped into seven broad categories (Men's Orgasms are Easy/Women's Orgasms are Difficult, Partner Interest Fosters Orgasm, Orgasm is Essential to Men's Sexual Satisfaction, Orgasm as a Relational Quality Benchmark, Orgasm is Unessential to Women's Sexual Satisfaction, Simultaneous Orgasm is Ideal, and Orgasm Requires and Fosters Connection). In Study 2, the OBI was completed by 392 participants. Confirmatory factor analysis was conducted and supported a slightly different 7-factor model. The Sexual Dysfunctional Beliefs Questionnaire, Sexual Scripts Scale, and Types of Jealousy Scales were also completed concurrently with the OBI and yielded results in support of the OBI's convergent and discriminant validity. Compared to women, men scored lower on Men's Orgasms are Easy/Women's Orgasms are Difficult, but higher on Orgasm Absence Reflects Relationship Problems. No other gender differences were found on OBI subscale scores. The OBI is a new measure that can be used in future sexual scripts research to explore the relationships between orgasm beliefs and other sexual outcomes and behaviors (e.g., faking orgasm, sexual communication and assertiveness, sexual function and satisfaction, etc.).


Assuntos
Orgasmo , Comportamento Sexual , Assertividade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Satisfação Pessoal , Parceiros Sexuais , Inquéritos e Questionários
15.
Women Health ; 61(7): 680-688, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34278975

RESUMO

Sexual assertiveness is one of the main issues in the sexual relationships between couples. Since substance dependence might disrupt this relationship, the present cross-sectional study was conducted to assess and compare sexual assertiveness in women with and without substance-dependent partners living in Tehran, Iran. To assess sexual assertiveness, the Hurlbert Index of Sexual Assertiveness was used. The data then were compared between the study samples. Logistic regression analysis was performed. In all 300 women with and without substance-dependent partners entered into the study. The mean age of women was 37.31 ± 8.79 and 32.70 ± 7.24 years respectively. The mean score of sexual assertiveness was 50.66 ± 14.31 in the women with substance-dependent partners and 58.42 ± 13.86 in those with non-substance-dependent partners (P < .001). In addition, sexual assertiveness differed significantly among subgroups of women having a partner using different types of substances (P = .039). The risk of lower assertiveness for women with substance-dependent partners was 2.2 times more than women with non-substance-dependent partners (OR = 2.2, 95% CI: 1.28-3.70; P = .004). Indeed, the partner's substance dependency is an issue that is worthy of attention in sexual and marital counseling. Perhaps sexual assertiveness can be improved in women with substance-dependent partners through the implementation of appropriate interventions, such as educational and counseling programs.


Assuntos
Assertividade , Parceiros Sexuais , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Irã (Geográfico) , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Comportamento Sexual
16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34199057

RESUMO

Bullying can have serious physical and emotional consequences. In recent years, interest in this phenomenon has been growing, becoming a public health problem in the first world. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of the Action for Neutralization of Bullying Program (ANA) in Spanish children. This study used a quasi-experimental design that included a pre-test evaluation, 2 months of intervention, a post-test, and 3 months of follow-up. A sample of 330 children aged 7-12 years (M = 9.27; SD = 1.09) from third to sixth grade participated in the study. One hundred and fifty-nine were girls (48.2%). The program consisted of eight group sessions in which empathy, assertiveness, communication skills, conflict resolution, and group cohesion were worked on. The results showed statistically significant reductions in verbal abuse behaviors (t = 4.76, p < 0.001), direct social exclusion (t = 3.53, p < 0.001), threats (t = 2.04, p = 0.042), aggression with objects (t = 3.21, p < 0.001), and physical abuse (t = 4.41, p < 0.001). The differences were not statistically significant for indirect social exclusion behaviors (t = 1.86, p = 0.065) or cyberbullying (t = 0.31, p = 0.756). The effects in the reduction of the bullying behaviors decreased after the implementation of the program, achieving even greater reduction in victimization behaviors after 3 months than immediately after the end of the program. These results indicate that the ANA program is effective in reducing bullying behaviors in a group of children. Implications for practice and future research are discussed.


Assuntos
Bullying , Vítimas de Crime , Cyberbullying , Agressão , Assertividade , Bullying/prevenção & controle , Criança , Feminino , Humanos
17.
Invest Educ Enferm ; 39(2)2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34214283

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To analyze the concepts of patient safety from the perspective of the social representations of intensive care nurses. METHODS: An exploratory, qualitative and quantitative study, based on the Theory of Social Representations, was conducted in a large hospital in northeastern Brazil, with 20 intensive care nurses. Data collection took place in 2019, using the techniques of free word association test and semi-structured interview. The lexicons apprehended in the test were processed by the OpenEvoc software, by prototypical analysis of the evocations, and for the interview data, thematic content analysis was used. RESULTS: In the composition of the central nucleus, the elements of surveillance, knowledge, identification, communication, and quality stood out, and in the constitution of the peripheral system of the social representations of intensive care nurses permeate care, attention, attitudes, and normative aspects. The triangulation of the findings outlined three thematic categories: Central dimensions of critical patient safety; Attitudinal dimensions for patient safety in intensive care; Normative dimensions linked to the safe handling of the patient in the ICU. CONCLUSIONS: The social representations of intensive care nurses reveal that the critical patient's conceptions of security involve effective surveillance and communication, promotion of a safe environment based on risk prevention, use of guides and protocols, teamwork, and the sense of responsibility and commitment to individuality of being cared for, elements that for this social group, are the differential for assertive and safe care.


Assuntos
Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros , Segurança do Paciente , Assertividade , Comunicação , Cuidados Críticos , Humanos
18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34071120

RESUMO

(1) Background: Many public bodies have warned of the increased consumption of cannabis, particularly among adolescents. From the Positive Youth Development approach, the promotion of personal protective factors takes on special importance against some risks, such as the consumption of addictive substances. (2) Methods: This research is one of the first to study the role of trait and ability emotional intelligence in relation to cannabis use and with respect to other personal variables of protection, such as coping styles and assertiveness. For this purpose, a final sample of 799 schoolchildren was obtained. (3) Results: After controlling for age and gender, the results of the regression analyses revealed that emotional perception, emotional facilitation, emotional clarity, emotional repair, active coping style, and assertiveness were inversely and significantly associated with cannabis use behaviors. On the other hand, the emotional attention and avoidant coping style factors were positively and significantly associated with these behaviors. (4) Conclusions: These findings provide new evidence that could be useful in terms of guiding health-promoting clinical and educational interventions at an early age.


Assuntos
Cannabis , Adaptação Psicológica , Adolescente , Assertividade , Criança , Inteligência Emocional , Emoções , Humanos
19.
Nurse Educ Today ; 103: 104958, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34049123

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Nursing students experience notable challenges when communicating with patients, caregivers, and health-care providers during clinical training; this adds to the stress they experience from clinical training and deteriorates their clinical competence. OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study are to develop and assess a practical program for improving communication skills, clinical practice stress, and clinical competence among nursing students undergoing clinical training. This is performed by administering and evaluating the respective effects of an assertiveness-training program; a program based on the situation, background, assessment, and recommendation (SBAR) technique and a program that combines assertiveness training with the SBAR technique. DESIGN: This study used a non-equivalent, quasi-experimental pretest-posttest design. SETTINGS: This study was conducted at the nursing schools of two universities in the north and west of South Korea. PARTICIPANTS: Ninety-three third-year nursing students were recruited through convenience sampling from two universities in South Korea. METHODS: The participants were randomly allocated to a group that received assertiveness training only, a group that received the SBAR technique only, or a group that received a combination of assertiveness training and the SBAR technique. Each program featured four sessions of 60-70 min each. Communication competence, communication clarity, assertive behavior, clinical training stress, and clinical competence were measured. RESULTS: The group that received the combination of assertiveness training and the SBAR technique showed a significant improvement in communication clarity, a significant reduction in clinical training stress compared to both of the other groups, and improved clinical competence when compared to the group that received the SBAR technique only. CONCLUSIONS: A program that combines the SBAR technique with assertiveness training can be utilized to improve communication skills, reduce clinical training stress, and enhance clinical competence in nursing students.


Assuntos
Estudantes de Enfermagem , Assertividade , Competência Clínica , Comunicação , Humanos , República da Coreia
20.
Nurs Forum ; 56(4): 807-815, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34028042

RESUMO

The changes taking place in the education system along with the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic make it compulsory to use distance education methods. For evaluating whether the assertiveness training which was offered through a hybrid education model had any effect on assertiveness and self-esteem, this study was conducted as an experimental study with the control group. In the study, the Rathus assertiveness inventory, Coopersmith self-esteem inventory, and personal information form were utilized. The participant nursing students were assigned to experimental and control groups. The measurement tools were applied to both groups while the assertiveness training was later given solely to the experimental group. At the end of the training given to the experimental group, the measurement tools were applied once again to both groups. According to the results of the study, while the assertiveness and self-esteem of the students in the experimental group increased significantly from the pre-test to the posttest measurements, no statistically significant difference was found in the measurements made in the same periods in the control group. This situation demonstrates that the technology-based hybrid assertiveness training was effective in enhancing assertiveness and self-esteem.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Estudantes de Enfermagem , Assertividade , Humanos , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2 , Autoimagem
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