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1.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 286: 122000, 2023 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36279798

RESUMO

Breast cancer is common in women, and its number of patients ranks first among female malignant tumors. Breast cancer is highly heterogeneous, and different types of breast cancer have different biological behaviors and prognoses. Therefore, identifying the different types of breast cancer is of great help in formulating individualized treatment plans. Based on serum Raman spectroscopy and deep learning algorithms, we propose a fast and low-cost diagnosis method for screening triple-negative breast cancer, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-positive breast cancer, and healthy controls. We collected 75 serum samples in this study, including 23 triple-negative breast cancers, 22 HER2-positive breast cancers, and 30 healthy controls. Using the preprocessed Raman spectra as the input of deep learning, three deep learning models, neural network language model (NNLM), bidirectional long-short-term memory network (BiLSTM), and convolutional neural network (CNN), were established, and the accuracy rates of the three models were 87.78%, 90.37%, and 91.11%, respectively. The experimental results demonstrate the feasibility of serum Raman spectroscopy combined with deep learning algorithms to diagnose breast cancer, which can be used as an effective auxiliary diagnosis method for breast cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/patologia , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Análise Espectral Raman , Redes Neurais de Computação , Algoritmos
2.
Magn Reson Med ; 89(1): 95-111, 2023 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36063492

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To develop a joint reconstruction method for multi-band multi-shot diffusion MRI. THEORY AND METHODS: Multi-band multi-shot EPI acquisition is an effective approach for high-resolution diffusion MRI, but requires specific algorithms to correct the inter-shot phase variations. The phase correction can be done by first estimating the explicit phase map and then feeding it into the k-space signal formulation model. Alternatively, the phase information can be used indirectly as structured low-rank constraints in k-space. The 2 methods differ in reconstruction accuracy and efficiency. We aim to combine the 2 different approaches for improved image quality and reconstruction efficiency simultaneously, termed "joint usage of structured low-rank constraints and explicit phase mapping" (JULEP). The proposed JULEP reconstruction is tested on both single-band and multi-band, multi-shot diffusion data, with different resolutions and b values. The results of JULEP are compared with conventional methods with explicit phase mapping (i.e., multiplexed sensitivity-encoding [MUSE]) and structured low-rank constraints (i.e., MUSSELS), and another joint reconstruction method (i.e., network estimated artifacts for tempered reconstruction [NEATR]). RESULTS: JULEP improves the quality of the navigator and subsequently facilitates the reconstruction of final diffusion images. Compared with all 3 other methods (MUSE, MUSSELS, and NEATR), JULEP mitigates residual structural bias and improves temporal SNRs in the final diffusion image, particularly at high multi-band factors. Compared with MUSSELS, JULEP also improves computational efficiency. CONCLUSION: The proposed JULEP method significantly improves the image quality and reconstruction efficiency of multi-band multi-shot diffusion MRI, which can promote a broader application of high-resolution diffusion MRI.


Assuntos
Alprostadil , Encéfalo , Encéfalo/diagnóstico por imagem , Imagem de Difusão por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Artefatos , Algoritmos , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador/métodos , Imagem Ecoplanar/métodos
3.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 285: 121924, 2023 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36208577

RESUMO

Near infrared (NIR) spectroscopy has the characteristics of rapid processing, nondestructive analysis and on-line detection. This technique has been widely used in the fields of quantitative determination and substance content analysis. However, for complex NIR spectral data, most traditional machine learning models cannot carry out effective quantitative analyses (manifested as underfitting; that is, the training effect of the model is not good). Small amounts of available data limit the performance of deep learning-based infrared spectroscopy methods, while the traditional threshold-based feature selection methods require more prior knowledge. To address the above problems, this paper proposes a competitive adaptive reweighted sampling method based on dual band transformation (DWT-CARS). DWT-CARS includes four types in total: CARS based on integrated two-dimensional correlation spectrum (i2DCOS-CARS), CARS based on difference coefficient (DI-CARS), CARS based on ratio coefficient (RI-CARS) and CARS based on normalized difference coefficient (NDI-CARS). We conducted comparative experiments on three datasets; compared to traditional machine learning methods, our method achieved good results, demonstrating that this method has considerable prospects for the quantitative analysis of near-infrared spectroscopic data. To further improve the performance and stability of this method, we combined the idea of integrated modeling and constructed a partial least squares model based on Monte Carlo sampling for the samples obtained by CARS (DWT-CARS-MC-PLS). Through comparative experiments, we verified that the integrated model could further enhance the accuracy and stability of the results.


Assuntos
Algoritmos , Espectroscopia de Luz Próxima ao Infravermelho , Análise dos Mínimos Quadrados , Espectroscopia de Luz Próxima ao Infravermelho/métodos , Método de Monte Carlo
4.
J Mech Behav Biomed Mater ; 137: 105553, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36375275

RESUMO

Realistic modelling of human soft tissue is very important in medical applications. This paper proposes a novel method by dynamically incorporating soft tissue characterisation in the process of soft tissue modelling to increase the modelling fidelity. This method defines nonlinear tissue deformation with unknown mechanical properties as a problem of nonlinear filtering identification to dynamically identify mechanical properties and further estimate nonlinear deformation behaviour of soft tissue. It combines maximum likelihood theory, nonlinear filtering and nonlinear finite element method (NFEM) for modelling of nonlinear tissue deformation behaviour based on dynamic identification of homogeneous tissue properties. On the basis of hyperelasticity, a nonlinear state-space equation is established by discretizing tissue deformation through NFEM for dynamic filtering. A maximum likelihood algorithm is also established to dynamically identify tissue mechanical properties during the deformation process. Upon above, a maximum likelihood-based extended Kalman filter is further developed for dynamically estimating tissue nonlinear deformation based on dynamic identification of tissue mechanical properties. Simulation and experimental analyses reveal that the proposed method not only overcomes the NFEM limitation of expensive computations, but also absorbs the NFEM merit of high accuracy for modelling of homogeneous tissue deformation. Further, the proposed method also effectively identifies tissue mechanical properties during the deformation modelling process.


Assuntos
Algoritmos , Humanos , Funções Verossimilhança , Simulação por Computador
5.
J Mech Behav Biomed Mater ; 137: 105576, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36413863

RESUMO

The growing health and economic burden of bone fractures, their intricate multiscale features and the existing knowledge gaps in the comprehension of micro-scale bone damage occurrence make fracture diagnosis a challenging issue. In this scenario, deep-learning and artificial intelligence embody the new frontier of healthcare system, by overcoming the subjectivity of clinicians in the analysis of medical images. However, the preliminary attempts in exploiting the power of machine learning algorithms such as neural networks are still limited to bone macro-scale, while there is an evident lack in their application to smaller scales, where damage starts nucleating. Currently, speculations at the micro-scale are only feasible with the aid of high-resolution imaging techniques, that are particularly time consuming in terms of output images analysis. In this context, this works aims at combining the visualization of the micro-crack propagation mechanism with the promising application of convolutional neural networks. The implemented artificial intelligence tool is based for the first time on a large number of human synchrotron images coming from healthy and osteoporotic femoral heads tested under micro-compression. The designed convolutional neural networks are able to automatically detect lacunae and micro-cracks at different compression levels with high accuracy levels; indeed, with the baseline setup, networks achieve more than 0.99 level of accuracy for both cracks and lacunae, and more than 0.87 of the meanIoU adopted as validation metric. This approach is particularly encouraging for the development of powerful recognition system to comprehend bone micro-damage initiation and propagation, paving the way to the application of machine learning studies to bone micromechanics. This could be additionally crucial for future patient specific micro-scale observations to be related to the clinical practice.


Assuntos
Inteligência Artificial , Síncrotrons , Humanos , Redes Neurais de Computação , Aprendizado de Máquina , Algoritmos
6.
Methods Mol Biol ; 2588: 317-351, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36418696

RESUMO

Today, -omics analyses, including the systematic cataloging of messenger RNA and microRNA sequences or DNA methylation patterns in a cell population, organ or tissue sample, allow for an unbiased, comprehensive genome-level analysis of complex diseases, offering a large advantage over earlier "candidate" gene or pathway analyses. A primary goal in the analysis of these high-throughput assays is the detection of those features among several thousand that differ between different groups of samples. In the context of oral biology, our group has successfully utilized -omics technology to identify key molecules and pathways in different diagnostic entities of periodontal disease.A major issue when inferring biological information from high-throughput -omics studies is the fact that the sheer volume of high-dimensional data generated by contemporary technology is not appropriately analyzed using common statistical methods employed in the biomedical sciences. Furthermore, machine learning methods facilitate the detection of additional patterns, beyond the mere identification of lists of features that differ between groups.Herein, we outline a robust and well-accepted bioinformatics workflow for the initial analysis of -omics data using open-source tools. We outline a differential expression analysis pipeline that can be used for data from both arrays and sequencing experiments, and offers the possibility to account for random or fixed effects. Furthermore, we present an overview of the possibilities for a functional analysis of the obtained data including subsequent machine learning approaches in form of (i) supervised classification algorithms in class validation and (ii) unsupervised clustering in class discovery.


Assuntos
Cefapirina , Aprendizado de Máquina , Análise por Conglomerados , Algoritmos , Biologia Computacional
7.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 284: 121733, 2023 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36029745

RESUMO

Nitrogen plays an important role in rice growth, and determination of nitrogen content in rice plants is of great significance in assessing plant nutritional status and allowing precision cultivation. Traditional chemical methods for determining nitrogen content have the disadvantages of destructive sampling and lengthy analysis times. Here, the feasibility of rapid nitrogen content analysis by near-infrared (NIR) spectroscopy of rice plants was studied. Spectral data from 447 rice samples at several growth stages were used to establish a predictive model. Different spectral preprocessing methods and characteristic selection methods were compared, such as interval partial least-squares (iPLS), synergy interval partial least-squares (SiPLS), and moving-window partial least-squares (mwPLS). The SiPLS method exhibited better performance than mwPLS or iPLS. Specifically, the combination of four subintervals (7, 26, 27, and 28), with characteristic bands at 5299-4451 cm-1 and 10445-10423 cm-1, resulted in the best model. The optimal SiPLS model had a correlation coefficient of 0.9533 and a root mean square error of prediction (RMSEP) of 0.1952 on the prediction set. Compared to using the full spectra, using SiPLS reduced the number of characteristics by 87 % in the model, and RMSEP was reduced from 0.2284 to 0.1952. The results demonstrate that NIR spectroscopy combined with the SiPLS algorithm can be applied to quickly determine nitrogen content in rice plants. This study provides a technical framework to guide future precision agriculture efforts with respect to nitrogen application.


Assuntos
Oryza , Espectroscopia de Luz Próxima ao Infravermelho , Algoritmos , Análise dos Mínimos Quadrados , Nitrogênio , Oryza/química , Espectroscopia de Luz Próxima ao Infravermelho/métodos
8.
Methods Mol Biol ; 2553: 21-39, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36227537

RESUMO

This chapter outlines the myriad applications of machine learning (ML) in synthetic biology, specifically in engineering cell and protein activity, and metabolic pathways. Though by no means comprehensive, the chapter highlights several prominent computational tools applied in the field and their potential use cases. The examples detailed reinforce how ML algorithms can enhance synthetic biology research by providing data-driven insights into the behavior of living systems, even without detailed knowledge of their underlying mechanisms. By doing so, ML promises to increase the efficiency of research projects by modeling hypotheses in silico that can then be tested through experiments. While challenges related to training dataset generation and computational costs remain, ongoing improvements in ML tools are paving the way for smarter and more streamlined synthetic biology workflows that can be readily employed to address grand challenges across manufacturing, medicine, engineering, agriculture, and beyond.


Assuntos
Aprendizado de Máquina , Biologia Sintética , Algoritmos , Redes e Vias Metabólicas
9.
Methods Mol Biol ; 2553: 441-452, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36227554

RESUMO

The integrative method approaches are continuously evolving to provide accurate insights from the data that is received through experimentation on various biological systems. Multi-omics data can be integrated with predictive machine learning algorithms in order to provide results with high accuracy. This protocol chapter defines the steps required for the ML-multi-omics integration methods that are applied on biological datasets for its analysis and the visual interpretation of the results thus obtained.


Assuntos
Algoritmos , Aprendizado de Máquina , Redes e Vias Metabólicas
10.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 284: 121788, 2023 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36058170

RESUMO

The quantification of single oil in high order edible blend oil is a challenging task. In this research, a novel swarm intelligence algorithm, discretized whale optimization algorithm (WOA), was first developed for reducing irrelevant variables and improving prediction accuracy of hexanary edible blend oil samples. The WOA is inspired by hunting strategy of humpback whales, which mainly includes three behaviors, i.e., encircling prey, bubble-net attacking and searching for prey. In discretized WOA, positions of whales were updated and then discretized by arctangent function. The whale population performance, iteration number and whale number of WOA were investigated. To validate the performance of selected variables, partial least squares (PLS) was used to build model and predict single oil contents in hexanary blend oil. Results show that WOA-PLS can provide the best prediction accuracy compared with full-spectrum PLS, continuous wavelet transform-PLS (CWT-PLS), uninformative variable elimination-PLS (UVE-PLS), Monte Carlo uninformative variable elimination-PLS (MCUVE-PLS) and randomization test-PLS (RT-PLS). Furthermore, CWT-WOA-PLS can further produce better results with fewer variables compared with WOA-PLS.


Assuntos
Algoritmos , Espectroscopia de Luz Próxima ao Infravermelho , Inteligência , Análise dos Mínimos Quadrados , Método de Monte Carlo , Espectroscopia de Luz Próxima ao Infravermelho/métodos
11.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 284: 121785, 2023 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36058172

RESUMO

Eating repeatedly used hotpot oil will cause serious harm to human health. In order to realize rapid non-destructive testing of hotpot oil quality, a modeling experiment method of fluorescence hyperspectral technology combined with machine learning algorithm was proposed. Five preprocessing algorithms were used to preprocess the original spectral data, which realized data denoising and reduces the influence of baseline drift and tilt. The feature bands extracted from the spectral data showed that the best feature bands for the two-classification model and the six-classification model were concentrated between 469 and 962 nm and 534-809 nm, respectively. Using the PCA algorithm to visualize the spectral data, the results showed the distribution of the six types of samples intuitively, and indicated that the data could be classified. Based on the modeling analysis of the feature bands, the results showed that the best two-classification models and the best six-classification models were MF-RF-RF and MF-XGBoost-LGB models, respectively, and the classification accuracy reached 100 %. Compared with the traditional model, the error was greatly reduced, and the calculation time was also saved. This study confirmed that fluorescence hyperspectral technology combined with machine learning algorithm could effectively realize the detection of reused hotpot oil.


Assuntos
Algoritmos , Máquina de Vetores de Suporte , Fluorescência , Humanos , Aprendizado de Máquina , Tecnologia
12.
Ultrasonics ; 127: 106826, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36058188

RESUMO

Carotid artery atherosclerosis is a significant cause of stroke. Ultrasound imaging has been widely used in the diagnosis of atherosclerosis. Therefore, segmenting the atherosclerotic carotid plaque in an ultrasound image is an important task. Accurate plaque segmentation is helpful for the measurement of carotid plaque burden. This study proposes an automatic method for atherosclerotic plaque segmentation by using correntropy-based level sets (CLS) with learning-based initialization. We introduce the CLS model, containing the point-based local bias-field corrected image fitting method and correntropy-based distance measurement, to overcome the limitations of the ultrasound images. A supervised learning algorithm is employed to solve the automatic initialization problem of the variational methods. The proposed atherosclerotic plaque segmentation method is validated on 29 carotid ultrasound images, obtaining a Dice ratio of 90.6 ± 1.9% and an overlap index of 83.6 ± 3.2%. Moreover, by comparing the standard deviation of each evaluation index, it can be found that the proposed method is more robust for segmenting the atherosclerotic plaque. Our work shows that our proposed method can be more helpful than other variational models for measuring the carotid plaque burden.


Assuntos
Aterosclerose , Placa Aterosclerótica , Algoritmos , Aterosclerose/diagnóstico por imagem , Artérias Carótidas/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Placa Aterosclerótica/diagnóstico por imagem , Ultrassonografia/métodos
13.
Ultrasonics ; 127: 106837, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36075161

RESUMO

In this article, a novel ultrasound computed tomography (USCT) reconstruction algorithm for breast imaging is proposed. This algorithm is based on an ultrasound propagation model, the refract-ray model (RRM). In this model, the field of imaging is assumed as piecewise homogenous and is divided into several regions. The ultrasound propagation paths are considered polylines that only refract at the borders of the regions. The edge information is provided by B-mode imaging. Both simulations and experiments are implemented to validate the proposed algorithm. Compared with the traditional bent-ray model (BRM), the time of reconstructions using RRM decreases by over 90 %. In simulations, the imaging qualities for RRM and BRM are comparable, in terms of the root mean square error, the Tenengrad value, and the deformation of digital phantom. In the experiments, a cylindrical agar phantom is imaged using a customized imaging system. When imaging using RRM, the estimate of the phantom radius is about 0.1 mm in error, while it is about 0.3 mm in error using BRM. Moreover, the Tenengrad value of the result using RRM is much higher than that using BRM (9.76 compared to 0.79). The results show that the proposed algorithm can better delineate the phantom within a water bath. In future work, further experimental work is required to validate the method for improving imaging quality under breast-mimicking imaging conditions.


Assuntos
Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Ágar , Algoritmos , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador/métodos , Imagens de Fantasmas , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Água
14.
Ultrasonics ; 127: 106838, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36126437

RESUMO

Coherent plane-wave compounding (CPWC) is a widely used technique in medical ultrasound imaging due to its high frame rate property. It is well-known that increasing the plane waves leads to improving the image quality. However, the image quality still needs to be further improved in CPWC. In this regard, a variety of methods have been proposed. In this paper, a new compressive sensing (CS) based approach is introduced with the combination of the adaptive minimum variance (MV) algorithm to further improve the image quality in terms of resolution and contrast. In the proposed method, which is called the CS-based MV technique, the CS method is used in the receive direction to produce the beamformed data for each plane wave. Then, the MV algorithm is performed in the plane wave transmit angle direction to coherently compound the images and improve the resolution. Moreover, to deal with the high computational complexity and also, the needing for high memory space during the CS method implementation, an approximation is considered which results in considerably reduced computational burden and memory space. The results obtained from the simulated point targets show that the proposed method leads to resolution improvement for about 71%, 5.5%, and 37% respectively, compared to DAS, DAS+MV, and CS+DAS beamformers. Also, the quantitative results obtained from the experimental contrast phantom in plane wave imaging challenge in medical ultrasound (PICMUS) data show a 3.02 dB, 2.57 dB, and 2.24 dB improvement of the contrast ratio metric using the proposed method compared to DAS, DAS+MV, and double-MV methods, respectively, indicating the good performance of the proposed method in image quality improvement.


Assuntos
Algoritmos , Compressão de Dados , Ácido 4-Acetamido-4'-isotiocianatostilbeno-2,2'-dissulfônico/análogos & derivados , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador/métodos , Imagens de Fantasmas , Ultrassonografia/métodos
15.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 29(spe1): e2022_0194, 2023. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1394852

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Introduction In medicine, Deep Learning is a type of machine learning that aims to train computers to perform human tasks by simulating the human brain. Gait recognition and gait motion simulation is one of the most interesting research areas in the field of biometrics and can benefit from this technological feature. Objective To use Deep Learning to format and validate according to the dynamic characteristics of gait. Methods Gait was used for identity recognition, and gait recognition based on kinematics and dynamic gait parameters was performed through pattern recognition, including the position and the intensity value of maximum pressure points, pressure center point, and pressure ratio. Results The investigation shows that the energy consumption of gait as modeled analyzed, and the model of gait energy consumption can be obtained, which is comprehensively affected by motion parameters and individual feature parameters. Conclusion Real-time energy measurement is obtained when most people walk. The research shows that the gait frequency and body parameters obtained from the tactile parameters of gait biomechanics can more accurately estimate the energy metabolism of exercise and obtain the metabolic formula of exercise. There is a good application prospect for assessing energy metabolism through the tactile parameters of gait. Level of evidence II; Therapeutic studies - investigating treatment outcomes.


RESUMO Introdução Na medicina, o aprendizado profundo é um tipo de aprendizado de máquina que visa treinar computadores para a realização de tarefas humanas simulando o cérebro humano. O reconhecimento da marcha e a simulação do movimento de marcha são um dos pontos de maior interesse da investigação no campo da biometria e pode ser beneficiado com esse recurso tecnológico. Objetivo Utilizar o aprendizado profundo para formatar e validar, de acordo com as características dinâmicas da marcha. Métodos A marcha foi utilizada para o reconhecimento da identidade, e o reconhecimento da marcha baseado na cinemática e parâmetros dinâmicos de marcha foi realizado através do reconhecimento de padrões, incluindo a posição e o valor de intensidade dos pontos de pressão máxima, ponto central de pressão e relação de pressão. Resultados A investigação mostra que o consumo de energia da marcha como modelado analisado, e o modelo de consumo de energia da marcha pode ser obtido, o qual é afetado de forma abrangente pelos parâmetros de movimento e pelos parâmetros de características individuais. Conclusão A medição de energia em tempo real é obtida quando a maioria das pessoas caminha. A investigação mostra que a frequência da marcha e os parâmetros corporais obtidos a partir dos parâmetros tácteis da biomecânica da marcha podem estimar com maior precisão o metabolismo energético do exercício e obter a fórmula metabólica do exercício. Há uma boa perspectiva de aplicação para avaliar o metabolismo energético através dos parâmetros tácteis da marcha. Nível de evidência II; Estudos terapêuticos - investigação dos resultados do tratamento.


RESUMEN Introducción En medicina, el aprendizaje profundo es un tipo de aprendizaje que pretende entrenar a los ordenadores para que realicen tareas humanas simulando el cerebro humano. El reconocimiento de la marcha y la simulación de su movimiento es uno de los puntos más interesantes de la investigación en el campo de la biometría y puede beneficiarse de este recurso tecnológico. Objetivo Utilizar el aprendizaje profundo para formatear y validar según las características dinámicas de la marcha. Métodos Se utilizó la marcha para el reconocimiento de la identidad, y el reconocimiento de la marcha basado en la cinemática y los parámetros dinámicos de la marcha se realizó mediante el reconocimiento de patrones, incluyendo la posición y el valor de la intensidad de los puntos de presión máxima, el punto de presión central y la relación de presión. Resultados La investigación muestra que el consumo de energía de la marcha, tal y como se analizó, y el modelo de consumo de energía de la marcha se puede obtener, que es ampliamente afectado por los parámetros de movimiento y los parámetros de las características individuales. Conclusión La medición de la energía en tiempo real se obtiene cuando la mayoría de la gente camina. La investigación muestra que la frecuencia de la marcha y los parámetros corporales obtenidos a partir de los parámetros táctiles de la biomecánica de la marcha pueden estimar con mayor precisión el metabolismo energético del ejercicio y obtener la fórmula metabólica del mismo. Existe una buena perspectiva de aplicación para evaluar el metabolismo energético a través de los parámetros táctiles de la marcha. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos - investigación de los resultados del tratamiento.


Assuntos
Humanos , Metabolismo Energético/fisiologia , Análise da Marcha , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Algoritmos
16.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 29(spe1): e2022_0198, 2023. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1394847

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Introduction Many countries have increased their investments in human resources and technology for the internal development of competitive sports, leading the world sports scene to increasingly fierce competition. Coaches and research assistants must place importance on feedback tools for frequent training of college athletes, and deep learning algorithms are an important resource to consider. Objective To develop and validate a swarm algorithm to examine the fitness of athletes during periods of competition. Methods Based on the swarm intelligence algorithm, the concept, composition, and content of physical exercises were analyzed. Combined with the characteristics of events, the body function files and the comprehensive evaluation system for high-level athletes were established. Results The insight was obtained that the constant mastery of the most advanced techniques and tactics by athletes is an important feature of modern competitive sports. Physical fitness is not only a valuable asset for athletes but also one of the keys to success in competition. Conclusion Fitness has become an increasingly prominent issue in competition, and the scientific training of contemporary competitive sports has been increasingly refined. Level of evidence II; Therapeutic studies - investigation of treatment outcomes.


RESUMO Introdução Muitos países aumentaram seus investimentos em recursos humanos e tecnologia para o desenvolvimento interno de esportes competitivos, levando o cenário esportivo mundial a uma disputa cada vez mais acirrada. Treinadores e assistentes de pesquisa devem dar importância às ferramentas de feedback para o treinamento frequente dos atletas universitários e os algoritmos de aprendizado profundo são um importante recurso a ser levado em consideração. Objetivo Desenvolver e validar um algoritmo de enxame para examinar o condicionamento físico dos atletas em períodos de competição. Métodos Com base no algoritmo de inteligência de enxame, o conceito, composição e conteúdo de exercícios físicos foram analisados. Combinado com as características dos eventos, os arquivos de funções corporais e o sistema abrangente de avaliação de atletas de alto nível foram estabelecidos. Resultados Obteve-se a percepção de que o constante domínio das técnicas e táticas mais avançadas pelos atletas é uma característica importante dos esportes competitivos modernos. A aptidão física não é apenas um ativo valioso para os atletas, mas também uma das chaves para o sucesso nas competições. Conclusão A aptidão física tem se tornado cada vez mais um problema proeminente na competição, sendo o treinamento científico dos esportes competitivos contemporâneos cada vez mais aperfeiçoado. Nível de evidência II; Estudos terapêuticos - investigação dos resultados do tratamento.


RESUMEN Introducción Muchos países han aumentado sus inversiones en recursos humanos y tecnología para el desarrollo interno del deporte de competición, lo que ha llevado al panorama deportivo mundial a una competencia cada vez más feroz. Los entrenadores y asistentes de investigación deben dar importancia a las herramientas de retroalimentación para el entrenamiento frecuente de los atletas universitarios y los algoritmos de aprendizaje profundo son un recurso importante a tener en cuenta. Objetivo Desarrollar y validar un algoritmo de enjambre para examinar el estado físico de los atletas durante los periodos de competición. Métodos A partir del algoritmo de inteligencia de enjambre, se analizó el concepto, la composición y el contenido de los ejercicios físicos. En combinación con las características de los eventos, se establecieron los archivos de funciones corporales y el sistema de evaluación integral de los atletas de alto nivel. Resultados Se obtuvo la conclusión de que el dominio constante de las técnicas y tácticas más avanzadas por parte de los atletas es una característica importante de los deportes de competición modernos. La forma física no sólo es un activo valioso para los deportistas, sino también una de las claves del éxito en las competiciones. Conclusión La aptitud física se ha convertido en una cuestión cada vez más importante en la competición, y el entrenamiento científico de los deportes de competición contemporáneos es cada vez mejor. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos - investigación de los resultados del tratamiento.


Assuntos
Humanos , Adulto , Adulto Jovem , Algoritmos , Exercício Físico/fisiologia , Desempenho Atlético/fisiologia , Aprendizado Profundo , Traumatismos em Atletas , Esportes/fisiologia , Força Muscular , Atletas
17.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 29(spe1): e2022_0199, 2023. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1394846

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Introduction Nowadays, more people are concerned with physical exercise and swimming competitions, as a major sporting event, have become a focus of attention. Such competitions require special attention to their athletes and the use of computational algorithms assists in this task. Objective To design and validate an algorithm to evaluate changes in vital capacity and blood markers of athletes after swimming matches based on combined learning. Methods The data integration algorithm was used to analyze changes in vital capacity and blood acid after combined learning swimming competition, followed by the construction of an information system model to calculate and process this algorithm. Results Comparative experiments show that the neural network algorithm can reduce the calculation time from the original initial time. In the latest tests carried out in about 10 seconds, this has greatly reduced the total calculation time. Conclusion According to the model requirements of the designed algorithm, practical help has been demonstrated by building a computational model. The algorithm can be optimized and selected according to the calculation model according to the reality of the application. Level of evidence II; Therapeutic studies - investigation of treatment outcomes.


RESUMO Introdução Atualmente, mais pessoas preocupam-se com o exercício físico e as competições de natação, como evento esportivo de destaque, tornou-se foco de atenção. Tais competições exigem atenção especial aos seus atletas e o uso de algoritmos computacionais auxiliam nessa tarefa. Objetivo Projetar e validar um algoritmo para avaliação das alterações da capacidade vital e marcadores sanguíneos dos atletas após os jogos de natação baseados no aprendizado combinado. Métodos O algoritmo de integração de dados foi usado para analisar as mudanças de capacidade vital e ácido sanguíneo após competição de natação de aprendizado combinado, seguido à construção de um modelo de sistema de informação para calcular e processar esse algoritmo. Resultados Experiências comparativas mostram que o algoritmo de rede neural pode reduzir o tempo de cálculo a partir do tempo inicial original. Nos últimos testes levados à cabo em cerca de 10 segundos, isto reduziu muito o tempo total de cálculo. Conclusão De acordo com os requisitos do modelo do algoritmo projetado, foi demonstrada a ajuda prática pela construção de um modelo computacional. O algoritmo pode ser otimizado e selecionado de acordo com o modelo de cálculo, segundo a realidade da aplicação. Nível de evidência II; Estudos terapêuticos - investigação dos resultados do tratamento.


RESUMEN Introducción Hoy en día, cada vez más personas se preocupan por el ejercicio físico y las competiciones de natación, como evento deportivo destacado, se han convertido en un foco de atención. Estas competiciones requieren una atención especial para sus atletas y el uso de algoritmos computacionales ayuda en esta tarea. Objetivo Diseñar y validar un algoritmo para evaluar los cambios en la capacidad vital y los marcadores sanguíneos de los atletas después de los partidos de natación basado en el aprendizaje combinado. Métodos Se utilizó el algoritmo de integración de datos para analizar los cambios de la capacidad vital y la acidez de la sangre tras la competición de natación de aprendizaje combinado, seguido de la construcción de un modelo de sistema de información para calcular y procesar este algoritmo. Resultados Los experimentos comparativos muestran que el algoritmo de la red neuronal puede reducir el tiempo de cálculo con respecto al tiempo inicial. En las últimas pruebas realizadas en unos 10 segundos, esto redujo en gran medida el tiempo total de cálculo. Conclusión De acuerdo con los requisitos del modelo del algoritmo diseñado, se ha demostrado la ayuda práctica mediante la construcción de un modelo computacional. El algoritmo puede optimizarse y seleccionarse según el modelo de cálculo en función de la realidad de la aplicación. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos - investigación de los resultados del tratamiento.


Assuntos
Humanos , Natação/fisiologia , Algoritmos , Biomarcadores/análise , Aprendizado Profundo , Desempenho Atlético/fisiologia , Atletas
18.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 29(spe1): e2022_0197, 2023. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1394845

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Introduction The recent development of the deep learning algorithm as a new multilayer network machine learning algorithm has reduced the problem of traditional training algorithms easily falling into minimal places, becoming a recent direction in the learning field. Objective Design and validate an artificial intelligence model for deep learning of the resulting impacts of weekly load training on students' biological system. Methods According to the physiological and biochemical indices of athletes in the training process, this paper analyzes the actual data of athletes' training load in the annual preparation period. The characteristics of athletes' training load in the preparation period were discussed. The value, significance, composition factors, arrangement principle and method of calculation, and determination of weekly load density using the deep learning algorithm are discussed. Results The results showed that the daily 24-hour random sampling load was moderate intensity, low and high-intensity training, and enhanced the physical-motor system and neural reactivity. Conclusion The research shows that there can be two activities of "teaching" and "training" in physical education and sports training. The sports biology monitoring research proves to be a growth point of sports training research with great potential for expansion for future research. Level of evidence II; Therapeutic studies - investigation of treatment outcomes.


RESUMO Introdução O recente desenvolvimento do algoritmo de aprendizado profundo como um novo algoritmo de aprendizado de máquina de rede multicamadas reduziu o problema dos algoritmos de treinamento tradicionais, que facilmente caiam em locais mínimos, tornando-se uma direção recente no campo do aprendizado. Objetivo Desenvolver e validar um modelo de inteligência artificial para aprendizado profundo dos impactos resultantes dos treinos semanais de carga sobre o sistema biológico dos estudantes. Métodos De acordo com os índices fisiológicos e bioquímicos dos atletas no processo de treinamento, este artigo analisa os dados reais da carga de treinamento dos atletas no período anual de preparação. As características da carga de treinamento dos atletas no período de preparação foram discutidas. O valor, significância, fatores de composição, princípio de arranjo e método de cálculo e determinação da densidade de carga semanal usando o algoritmo de aprendizado profundo são discutidos. Resultados Os resultados mostraram que a carga diária de 24 horas de amostragem aleatória foi de intensidade moderada, treinamento de baixa densidade e alta intensidade, e o sistema físico-motor e a reatividade neural foram aprimorados. Conclusão A pesquisa mostra que pode haver duas atividades de "ensino" e "treinamento" na área de educação física e no treinamento esportivo. A pesquisa de monitoramento da biologia esportiva revela-se um ponto de crescimento da pesquisa de treinamento esportivo com grande potencial de expansão para pesquisas futuras. Nível de evidência II; Estudos terapêuticos - investigação dos resultados do tratamento.


RESUMEN Introducción El reciente desarrollo del algoritmo de aprendizaje profundo como un nuevo algoritmo de aprendizaje automático de red multicapa ha reducido el problema de los algoritmos de entrenamiento tradicionales, que caen fácilmente en lugares mínimos, convirtiéndose en una dirección reciente en el campo del aprendizaje. Objetivo Desarrollar y validar un modelo de inteligencia artificial para el aprendizaje profundo de los impactos resultantes del entrenamiento de la carga semanal en el sistema biológico de los estudiantes. Métodos De acuerdo con los índices fisiológicos y bioquímicos de los atletas en el proceso de entrenamiento, este artículo analiza los datos reales de la carga de entrenamiento de los atletas en el período de preparación anual. Se analizaron las características de la carga de entrenamiento de los atletas en el periodo de preparación. Se analizan el valor, el significado, los factores de composición, el principio de disposición y el método de cálculo y determinación de la densidad de carga semanal mediante el algoritmo de aprendizaje profundo. Resultados Los resultados mostraron que la carga diaria de 24 horas de muestreo aleatorio era de intensidad moderada, de baja densidad y de alta intensidad de entrenamiento, y que el sistema físico-motor y la reactividad neural mejoraban. Conclusión La investigación muestra que puede haber dos actividades de "enseñanza" y "formación" en la educación física y el entrenamiento deportivo. La investigación sobre el seguimiento de la biología del deporte demuestra ser un punto de crecimiento de la investigación sobre el entrenamiento deportivo con un gran potencial de expansión para futuras investigaciones. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos - investigación de los resultados del tratamiento.


Assuntos
Humanos , Algoritmos , Biologia Computacional/métodos , Desempenho Atlético/fisiologia , Aprendizado Profundo , Educação Física e Treinamento/métodos
19.
Food Chem ; 398: 133870, 2023 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35963216

RESUMO

Food safety and quality assessment mechanisms are unmet needs that industries and countries have been continuously facing in recent years. Our study aimed at developing a platform using Machine Learning algorithms to analyze Mass Spectrometry data for classification of tomatoes on organic and non-organic. Tomato samples were analyzed using silica gel plates and direct-infusion electrospray-ionization mass spectrometry technique. Decision Tree algorithm was tailored for data analysis. This model achieved 92% accuracy, 94% sensitivity and 90% precision in determining to which group each fruit belonged. Potential biomarkers evidenced differences in treatment and production for each group.


Assuntos
Lycopersicon esculentum , Algoritmos , Inocuidade dos Alimentos , Lycopersicon esculentum/química , Aprendizado de Máquina , Espectrometria de Massas por Ionização por Electrospray
20.
Radiographics ; 43(1): e220060, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36331878

RESUMO

The use of digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) in breast cancer screening has become widely accepted, facilitating increased cancer detection and lower recall rates compared with those achieved by using full-field digital mammography (DM). However, the use of DBT, as compared with DM, raises new challenges, including a larger number of acquired images and thus longer interpretation times. While most current artificial intelligence (AI) applications are developed for DM, there are multiple potential opportunities for AI to augment the benefits of DBT. During the diagnostic steps of lesion detection, characterization, and classification, AI algorithms may not only assist in the detection of indeterminate or suspicious findings but also aid in predicting the likelihood of malignancy for a particular lesion. During image acquisition and processing, AI algorithms may help reduce radiation dose and improve lesion conspicuity on synthetic two-dimensional DM images. The use of AI algorithms may also improve workflow efficiency and decrease the radiologist's interpretation time. There has been significant growth in research that applies AI to DBT, with several algorithms approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration for clinical implementation. Further development of AI models for DBT has the potential to lead to improved practice efficiency and ultimately improved patient health outcomes of breast cancer screening and diagnostic evaluation. See the invited commentary by Bahl in this issue. ©RSNA, 2022.


Assuntos
Inteligência Artificial , Neoplasias da Mama , Humanos , Feminino , Mamografia/métodos , Detecção Precoce de Câncer/métodos , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Algoritmos , Mama/diagnóstico por imagem
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