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1.
Braz. j. biol ; 84: e253613, 2024. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1345548

RESUMO

Abstract Soybean meal is an inexpensive plant origin protein which has been used in practical diets as a replacement of animal protein such as fish meal or chicken meal, due to the uneconomical price of animal protein diets. Consequently, a research study was conducted on some commercial species of Indian major carps i.e. Catla (Cattla cattla), Rohu (Labeo rohita) and Mrigala (Cirhinus mrigala) (Hamilton, 1822) to estimate optimum dietary protein requirement of soy bean meal in diet in an intensive polyculture. Three different diets (SBM I, SBM II and SBM III) were formulated by 80%, 50% and 20% replacement of fish meal with soybean meal from a 45% fish meal diet (control).Highest monthly mean weight gain was obtained by SBM II (with 35% CP and about 50% substitution of fish meal), while SBM III (45% Crude Protein and about 20% substitution of fish meal) was stood second. All tested diets respond enormously by producing high yield as compare to control diet, though SBM II generated highest yield among all. On the bases of the following research, it was revealed that the SBM can surrogate even50% fish meal without any augmentation of other amino acids in the diet of Indian major carps.


Resumo O farelo de soja é uma proteína de origem vegetal de baixo custo que tem sido usada em dietas práticas como um substituto da proteína animal, como farinha de peixe ou farinha de frango, devido ao preço não econômico das dietas com proteína animal. Consequentemente, um estudo/pesquisa foi realizado com algumas espécies comerciais de carpas principais indianas, ou seja, Catla (Cattla cattla), Rohu (Labeo rohita) e Mrigala (Cirhinus mrigala) (Hamilton, 1822), para estimar a necessidade ideal de proteína dietética de farelo de soja na dieta em uma policultura intensiva. Três dietas diferentes (SBM I, SBM II e SBM III) foram formuladas por 80%, 50% e 20% de substituição de farinha de peixe por farelo de soja de uma dieta de 45% de farinha de peixe (controle). O maior ganho de peso médio mensal foi obtido por SBM II (com 35% PB e cerca de 50% de substituição de farinha de peixe), enquanto SBM III (45% de proteína bruta e cerca de 20% de substituição de farinha de peixe) ficou em segundo lugar. Todas as dietas testadas respondem enormemente produzindo alto rendimento em comparação com a dieta controle, embora SBM II tenha gerado o maior rendimento entre todas. Com base na pesquisa a seguir, foi revelado que o SBM pode substituir até 50% da farinha de peixe sem qualquer aumento de outros aminoácidos na dieta das carpas principais indianas.


Assuntos
Animais , Carpas , Cyprinidae , Soja , Alimentos Marinhos , Dieta/veterinária , Ração Animal/análise , Fenômenos Fisiológicos da Nutrição Animal
2.
Carbohydr Polym ; 301(Pt B): 120352, 2023 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36446496

RESUMO

Smart films allow consumers to visually determine food freshness. We aimed to improve the surface contact area of gas permeation in anthocyanin (AH)-induced smart films by introducing nanocellulose (NC) prepared by sulfuric acid (CNSA), citric acid (CNCA), and TEMPO (CNF) to improve their sensitivity. The film matrix was composed of PVA. The structure, functionality, and sensitivity of films were compared. The results showed that films incorporating CNSA and CNCA had larger surface areas and stronger intermolecular interactions. Sensitivity tests showed a color change from blue-violet to yellow in PVA/AH-CNSA and -CNCA films at 131 ppm of ammonia, occurring within 4 min of exposure. Shrimp freshness was further monitored using the films, with three stages of shrimp freshness (fresh, sub-fresh, and spoiled) differentiated clearly via distinct color changes. A strong correlation between freshness indexes and color parameters was established. The PVA/AH-CNSA and -CNCA films are suitable for real-time monitoring seafood freshness.


Assuntos
Antocianinas , Crustáceos , Animais , Alimentos Marinhos , Amônia , Ácido Cítrico
3.
Sci Total Environ ; 858(Pt 1): 159388, 2023 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36240918

RESUMO

Although imidazolium ionic liquids (ILs) are beginning to be used more widely in many industrial fields e.g., as reaction media, electrolytes, stationary phases in gas chromatography), there is still little information about their potential environmental fate. Among the uncertainties regarding the risks associated with these compounds, bioconcentration is one of the key issues, about which many doubts have been raised in recent years. While in vitro data suggest that permanently charged compounds can also bioconcentrate, conclusive evidence in the form of studies on organisms, at least for selected compounds, is needed. Therefore, the main objective of this work was to determine whether imidazolium cations of ILs, namely 1-methyl-3-octylimidazolium ([IM18]+) and 1-methyl-3-dodecylimidazolium ([IM1-12]+), can bioconcentrate in marine invertebrates tissues. During 21-day experiments, Mytilus trossulus mussels were exposed to these cations individually, at a concentration of 10 µg/L. In our study, it has been demonstrated for the first time during in vivo study, that long-chain imidazolium ionic liquids can bioconcentrate. The determined BCF value for [IM1-12]+ of 21,901 ± 3400 L/kg makes this compound to be considered highly bioaccumulative according to commonly accepted criteria. However, the obtained BCF for [IM18]+ (with the value below 100) suggests that this cation has little potential for bioconcentration. On the other hand, no salinity or anion influence on the bioconcentration of the tested cations was observed. Our tests also confirm that imidazolium ILs exhibit acute toxicity only at relatively high concentration levels, as LC50 reached 0.68 mg/L for [IM1-12][Br], and 11.66 mg/L for [IM18][C(CN)3]. This further confirms that the risks associated with the potential presence of these compounds in the environment should be attributed to their high persistence and potential bioconcentration, rather than acute toxicity.


Assuntos
Líquidos Iônicos , Mytilus , Animais , Líquidos Iônicos/química , Bioacumulação , Alimentos Marinhos , Cátions
4.
Food Chem ; 401: 134202, 2023 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36122489

RESUMO

Human exposure to monomethylmercury (MMHg) through seafood consumption is a global concern. This study investigates the potential sources and processes of MMHg in seafood of coastal and freshwater areas through combing of δ13C, δ15N, and specific Hg (including MMHg and inorganic Hg (IHg)) isotopes. The results showed that δ13C and δ15N values exhibit different patterns in coastal and freshwater species. Δ199HgMMHg/δ202HgMMHg values suggested that coastal and freshwater seafood undergo similar aqueous MMHg photodegradation processes. The Δ199HgMMHg values could distinguish that, coastal fish absorb MMHg from water column whereas coastal shellfish absorb MMHg mainly from sediment. The positive values of Δ199HgIHg in seafood could reflect in vivo MMHg demethylation and IHg reabsorption. Positive correlation between δ15N and Δ199HgIHg indicated that aquatic organisms in various trophic levels may have different MMHg demethylation efficiency. We proposed that combining of multiple isotopes can provide overall profiles on aquatic MMHg biogeochemical cycle and bioaccumulation.


Assuntos
Mercúrio , Compostos de Metilmercúrio , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Animais , Humanos , Bioacumulação , Monitoramento Ambiental/métodos , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Mercúrio/análise , Peixes/metabolismo , Lagos/química , Alimentos Marinhos , Isótopos , Água/metabolismo , Cadeia Alimentar
5.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 284: 121827, 2023 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36081191

RESUMO

Saxitoxin (STX) and tetrodotoxin (TTX) are widely distributed and extremely harmful marine toxins, it is certainly worth to spend effort to develop facile methods to detect them in sea food for human safety. In this work, two nano-sensors were developed by combining with two zirconium fluorescence Nanoscale metal-organic frameworks (NMOFs) with two emissions and TAMRA-labelled aptamers for STX and TTX sensing, respectively. The recognition of STX and TTX by these nano-sensors could change the structure of aptamer, which caused the blue or green emissions from NMOFs (energy donor) decreased while red emission from TAMRA-labelled aptamers (energy acceptor) increased owing to fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) effect. Based on this strategy, NMOFs-Aptasensor 1 and NMOFs-Aptasensor 2 were developed for the ratiometric detection, with detection limits of 1.17 nM and 3.07 nM for STX and TTX, respectively. Moreover, NMOFs-Aptasensors displayed significant stability, pH-independence, selectivity and NMOFs-Aptasensors were successfully applied in shellfish sample for toxin sensing.


Assuntos
Aptâmeros de Nucleotídeos , Estruturas Metalorgânicas , Aptâmeros de Nucleotídeos/química , Transferência Ressonante de Energia de Fluorescência , Humanos , Toxinas Marinhas , Saxitoxina/química , Alimentos Marinhos/análise , Tetrodotoxina , Zircônio
6.
Food Chem ; 399: 133989, 2023 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36041337

RESUMO

To characterize the involvement of microorganisms in amino acid degradation and fish quality deterioration, three major grass carp spoilage bacteria were artificially inoculated in amino acid solutions (in-vitro) and grass carp flesh (in-situ). Results showed that Pseudomonas putida largely degraded free amino acids and produced 3.78 mM/100 g ammonia in grass carp flesh, relying on its high amino acid deamination1 activity. Aeromonas rivipollensis produced 3-Methyl-butanol and 2-Methyl-butanol through leucine and isoleucine degradation. Shewanella putrefaciens had potent ornithine-decarboxylation activity (423.91 × 10-9 µg/CFU) and released 22.98 mg/kg putrescine in situ. S. putrefaciens could produce more putrescine when cooperating with P. putida through the arginine deiminase pathway. To conclude, the biochemical activities identified through in-vitro tests correlated well with quality changes in inoculated grass carp flesh. The outcomes of this study provided fundamental information on the spoilage mechanisms of freshwater fish and important guidance for the development of quality control strategies.


Assuntos
Carpas , Contaminação de Alimentos , Alimentos Marinhos , Shewanella putrefaciens , Aminoácidos , Animais , Butanóis , Proteínas de Peixes , Putrescina , Alimentos Marinhos/microbiologia
7.
Food Chem ; 402: 134285, 2023 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36162169

RESUMO

Scallop is well known for its high accumulation of cadmium. The bioaccessibility and speciation of cadmium in different tissues of scallops during gastrointestinal digestion could influence the evaluation of its biological effects and consumption safety in humans. The bioaccessibility of total Cd ranged from 44.0 % (kidney) to 90.2 % (gonad) for different tissues of scallop Chlamys farreri. Steaming decreased the total Cd bioaccessibility in the mantle, gill, gonad, digestive gland and the muscle. During in vitro digestion, the reactive inorganic Cd2+ could be detected in the digestive juice of five tissues except for the muscle. Steaming process increased the bioaccessible Cd2+ content for the digestive gland, gill and gonad tissues. Based on the bioaccessible total Cd and Cd2+ content, the muscle, gonad, and mantle of the steamed scallops are the safe tissues for human consumption according to the scenarios of Cd intake established by WHO and EFSA.


Assuntos
Cádmio , Pectinidae , Animais , Humanos , Alimentos Marinhos , Brânquias , Digestão
8.
Microbiol Res ; 266: 127213, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36215810

RESUMO

This study investigates the effect of antibiotics and sanitizers on biofilm forming Salmonella isolated from different seafood contact surfaces. Four Salmonella were isolated from 384 swab samples collected from various contact surfaces of fishing boats, fish landing centres and seafood processing plants. One out of four isolates was from the fishing boat (FB I -1) other three isolates were from the seafood processing plant (FPPII -4, FPPII- 5, FPPI-3). The ability of Salmonella to form biofilms on different contact surfaces (HDPE, stainless steel, wood, glass, tiles) was tested with the microbial load on different incubation days, and a higher count was observed on day five. The effect of sanitizer viz., sodium hypochlorite (20, 50, 100, 200 mg/l) and iodophor (2, 5, 10 mg/l) on the biofilm formed on different seafood contact surfaces were investigated. A reduction of 2-3 log was observed on surfaces of HDPE and stainless steel when they were treated with a minimum of 5 mg/l of iodophor or 20 mg/l of sodium hypochlorite after a contact time of 5 min. Antibiotic resistance of biofilm forming Salmonella was tested for different classes of antibiotics (penicillin, ß-lactams, quinolones, macrolides, aminoglycosides, phenol drugs, sulfonamides, cephalosporin). All four isolates showed intermediate resistance to ciprofloxacin, a quinolone drug. Only one isolate FB I -1 (fishing boat deck) expressed resistance to more drugs, viz., ßlactams (AMC, AMP, penicillin G), macrolides (AZM) and nitrofurantoin (NIT). These findings shall help the seafood processors to mitigate the formation of Salmonella biofilms on various seafood contact surfaces with different sanitizers and the antibiotic resistance of biofilm forming Salmonella shall give knowledge on human clinical treatments. With this study, we shall recommend the regulatory authorities control the contamination level of fish handling areas.


Assuntos
Hipoclorito de Sódio , Aço Inoxidável , Animais , Humanos , Aço Inoxidável/análise , Aço Inoxidável/farmacologia , Hipoclorito de Sódio/farmacologia , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Polietileno/farmacologia , Contagem de Colônia Microbiana , Biofilmes , Salmonella , Iodóforos/farmacologia , Alimentos Marinhos , Macrolídeos/farmacologia , Microbiologia de Alimentos
9.
Food Chem ; 403: 134347, 2023 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36179636

RESUMO

The effect of adding pink pepper (Schinus terebinthifolius Raddi) fruits during sardines canning to minimize cholesterol oxidation were investigated. Canning resulted in an exchange of fatty acids, cholesterol and cholesterol oxides between fish muscle and liquid medium (soybean oil). It also induced lipid oxidation, which was demonstrated by the degradation of fatty acids and the formation of cholesterol oxides. Cholesterol oxides increased from 39.53 ± 2.14 µg/g (raw sardines) to 116.04 ± 0.78 µg/g (control sardines) after canning. However, lower levels were found in samples with pink pepper. Additionally, chromatographic analyses showed the migration of compounds (phenolic acids, flavonoids, tannins, terpenes) from pink pepper to sardines, indicating the constituents that could have contributed to its antioxidant properties. Thus, pink pepper may be highlighted as a suitable additive to reduce the intake of cholesterol oxides, minimizing the loss of nutritional quality in canned fish.


Assuntos
Anacardiaceae , Piper nigrum , Animais , Anacardiaceae/química , Ácidos Graxos/análise , Óxidos , Alimentos Marinhos/análise , Colesterol
10.
Food Chem ; 403: 134388, 2023 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36183471

RESUMO

A new protein complex (SAKP-Cur) was successfully prepared by combining soluble Antarctic krill protein with curcumin through hydrophobic action. The potency of photodynamic inactivation (PDI) mediated by the complex on preserving the storage quality of shrimp at 4 °C was investigated by microbiological, chemical, physical and histological methods. Results showed that the SAKP-Cur significantly improved the stability of curcumin, and greatly inactivated the native bacteria in shrimp driven by PDI. Meanwhile, the complex-mediated PDI effectively reduced the endogenous enzyme activity, the production of total volatile basic nitrogen (TVB-N) and malondialdehyde (MDA) in shrimp. Moreover, it obviously maintained the integrity and elasticity of the muscle fibers, thereby reducing the loss of water in myofibrils. Notably, the SAKP-Cur enhanced the PDI potency to preserve the freshness of shrimp during 4 °C storage or freeze-thaw cycles treatment. Therefore, the SAKP-Cur coupled with PDI is an effective fresh-keeping technology for aquatic products.


Assuntos
Curcumina , Euphausiacea , Penaeidae , Animais , Curcumina/farmacologia , Frutos do Mar/análise , Alimentos Marinhos , Penaeidae/química
11.
Sci Total Environ ; 857(Pt 3): 159749, 2023 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36306845

RESUMO

The enrichment and health risk assessment of trace elements in crayfish on a national scale are significant for food safety due to the rapidly expanding crayfish consumption in China. In the present study, 4709 samples were extracted from databases to explore the spatiotemporal variation characteristics of trace elements in crayfish. Due to the variance in the background value of trace elements, the level of trace elements varies by region. Additionally, levels of As and Cr in crayfish increased with the promotion of intensive rice-crayfish coculture in China. Health risk assessment results revealed that trace elements may cause non-carcinogenic risk for crayfish consumption for adults and children from the mid-lower reaches of the Yangtze River, and the main risk was from As and Hg. The cancer risk values of As for children and adults in Zhejiang, Anhui, Heilongjiang, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi and Shandong provinces were above the allowable value. There is concern about the non-carcinogenic and carcinogenic risk of consuming crayfish containing trace elements in some areas in China. Therefore, the results can serve as a critical reference for policy purposes in China. In addition, it is recommended that further research and assessment on crayfish consumption are required.


Assuntos
Astacoidea , Oligoelementos , Adulto , Criança , Animais , Humanos , Oligoelementos/análise , Alimentos Marinhos/análise , Áreas Alagadas , China
12.
Food Chem ; 404(Pt A): 134548, 2023 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36240560

RESUMO

To elucidate the effect of electron beam irradiation (EBI) on the textural quality of Litopenaeus vannamei, the tandem-mass-tag labeled proteomic method was conducted to illustrate the protein changes in shrimp muscle. The results suggested that shrimp irradiated with 5 kGy exhibited optimum textural traits of hardness, springiness, and chewiness. In total, 486 proteins were identified as differentially abundance proteins (DAPs) in multiple comparison groups. Bioinformatics analysis revealed that most of DAPs participated in cellular process, binding, and catalytic. etc. Various signaling pathways, such as RNA transport and oxidative phosphorylation, were notably enriched by DAPs. The correlation analysis indicated that some DAPs such as Myosin-XVIIIa, projectin, and beta-thymosin 3 were remarkably correlated with the textural properties, which could be proposed as potential biomarkers to assess the irradiation-induced textural variation in shrimp. This study provided an insightful understanding at the protein level to improve the application of EBI to shrimp preservation.


Assuntos
Penaeidae , Proteômica , Animais , Proteômica/métodos , Elétrons , Penaeidae/metabolismo , Alimentos Marinhos
13.
Food Chem ; 404(Pt A): 134514, 2023 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36270227

RESUMO

Differences in texture and digestive properties of different parts in 80 °C-boiled abalone muscle (adductor and transition part) after different processing time were investigated. With the extension of boiling time, the shear force and hardness of adductor increased first (6 min) and then decreased (30 min and 240 min), while the two indexes of transition part dramatically decreased after boiling for 6 min and then maintained until 240 min. Meanwhile, for adductor, the degree of protein hydrolysis, protein digestibility, and peptide transport levels declined with the extension of boiling time; While for transition part, those protein digestion and transport indexes significantly decreased first (6 min and 30 min) and then increased (240 min). By contrast, the adductor contained higher myofibrillar proteins content but lower collagen content than the transition part, which contributed to the differences in texture and digestive properties of the boiled samples.


Assuntos
Digestão , Gastrópodes , Animais , Alimentos Marinhos , Músculos , Dureza
14.
Food Chem ; 404(Pt B): 134632, 2023 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36279783

RESUMO

Detection and prevention of fish food fraud are of ever-increasing importance, prompting the need for rapid, high-throughput fish speciation techniques. Rapid Evaporative Ionisation Mass Spectrometry (REIMS) has quickly established itself as a powerful technique for the instant in situ analysis of foodstuffs. In the current study, a total of 1736 samples (2015-2021) - comprising 17 different commercially valuable fish species - were analysed using iKnife-REIMS, followed by classification with various multivariate and machine learning strategies. The results demonstrated that multivariate models, i.e. PCA-LDA and (O)PLS-DA, delivered accuracies from 92.5 to 100.0%, while RF and SVM-based classification generated accuracies from 88.7 to 96.3%. Real-time recognition on a separate test set of 432 samples (2022) generated correct speciation between 89.6 and 99.5% for the multivariate models, while the ML models underperformed (22.3-95.1%), in particular for the white fish species. As such, we propose a real-time validated modelling strategy using directly amenable PCA-LDA for rapid industry-proof large-scale fish speciation.


Assuntos
Aprendizado de Máquina , Alimentos Marinhos , Animais , Espectrometria de Massas/métodos , Análise Espectral , Peixes
15.
Food Chem ; 404(Pt B): 134698, 2023 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36323038

RESUMO

Competitive immunochromatographic assay (ICA) has been widely used in food safety on-site monitoring. However, traditional competitive ICA relies on the change of single-signal intensity to discriminate the results, leading to limited sensitivity and accuracy of naked-eye visual inspection. In this study, we developed a sensitive ratiometric fluorescent immunochromatographic assay (RFICA) judging results based on the color changes of fluorescence. Two different color quantum dot nanobeads (QBs) were introduced as signal labels for rapid and accurate detection of 3-amino-2-oxazolidinone (AOZ) and semicarbazide (SEM) in seafoods. Under the optimal conditions, the visual detection limit for 2-NPAOZ and 2-NPSEM reached up to 1 and 0.5 ng/mL, which were 5- and 14-fold lower than that of traditional single-signal response fluorescent ICA strips. In addition, the RFICA strips were applied to real samples with acceptable recoveries of 81.33 âˆ¼ 99.23 %. These results demonstrate that the developed RFICA platform possesses considerable potential in the on-site detection.


Assuntos
Nitrofuranos , Pontos Quânticos , Limite de Detecção , Cromatografia de Afinidade/métodos , Alimentos Marinhos , Pontos Quânticos/química
16.
Int J Food Microbiol ; 384: 109985, 2023 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36306545

RESUMO

Aeromonas are ubiquitous aquatic bacteria and frequently isolated from seafood. There is growing awareness of Aeromonas as foodborne pathogens, particularly in connection with consumption of ready-to-eat (RTE) seafood. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of food processing factors on the growth kinetics of eight Aeromonas strains (representing seven species) isolated from RTE seafood. The effect of low temperature (4 and 8 °C) in combination with different NaCl concentrations (0.5-6.5 %) or with two purified condensate smokes (PCSs; Red Arrow SmokEz VTABB and JJT01) at different concentrations (0-0.26 %) was studied in Trypton Soy Broth (TSB). In food processing, application of PCS is considered healthier than traditional smoking. Growth kinetics parameters of each strain were estimated by using a primary predictive model. Our result showed that the addition of 3.5 % NaCl at refrigeration temperature (4 °C) was not sufficient to inhibit the growth of A. media, A. bestiarum, A. piscicola, and A. salmonicida, while higher NaCl concentration (≥5.0 %) at 8 °C suppressed their growth. On the other hand, our result demonstrated the antimicrobial potential of using PCS at maximal allowed concentration (0.26 %) against Aeromonas. PCS concentration and phenol content were important factors influencing the growth kinetics parameters of Aeromonas. Moreover, the growth kinetics of three Aeromonas strains were further studied in commercially produced vacuum-packed fresh and cold-smoked salmon stored at 4 °C for 14 and 21 days, respectively. Our results demonstrate that vacuum packing combined with cold storage at 4 °C was insufficient to inhibit the growth of Aeromonas in fresh salmon, while the growth was inhibited in a minimally salted cold-smoked salmon (salt content of 1.8 %). Our study implies that mild food processing factors applied in the production of RTE seafood might not guarantee the total inhibition of Aeromonas. Even though further studies on evaluating the antimicrobial potential of PCSs in actual seafood matrixes are necessary, the present study suggests that PCS technology might be a promising approach to prevent the potential growth of Aeromonas.


Assuntos
Aeromonas , Listeria monocytogenes , Conservação de Alimentos/métodos , Embalagem de Alimentos/métodos , Cloreto de Sódio/farmacologia , Contagem de Colônia Microbiana , Manipulação de Alimentos/métodos , Alimentos Marinhos/microbiologia , Microbiologia de Alimentos
17.
Food Chem ; 404(Pt A): 134528, 2023 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36444010

RESUMO

To address consumer-level food waste, and pollution from commercial plastics, we developed intelligent films using sodium alginate (SA), pectin (PC), cellulose nanocrystals (CNCs), and anthocyanins extracted from red cabbage (RCA). We also investigated two methods of reinforcing these films - cross-linking (CL), and the addition of CNCs. Both together and separately, these methods improved SA/PC films' mechanical properties and thermal stability. The optimal SA/PC/CNCs/RCA/CL films exhibited pH-dependent color-response properties and high water resistance. These were then tested as colorimetric freshness indicators for shrimp samples, both through seepage and the monitoring of volatile compounds. The colors of the indicators changed from lilac to dark green to greenish-yellow after storage at 25 °C for 72 h, whereas at 4 °C, they changed much more slowly over the same time period. This demonstrated the excellent potential of such films to reduce food waste by providing real-time warnings of pH variation resulting from spoilage.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas , Eliminação de Resíduos , Pectinas , Celulose , Alginatos , Antocianinas , Alimentos Marinhos
18.
Food Chem ; 404(Pt A): 134633, 2023 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36444025

RESUMO

Herein, the protective pattern of chitosan coating enriched with green tea extract on texture stabilization of refrigerated grass carp fillets was explored. In general, higher shear force and lower endogenous enzyme activities were observed in coated fillets, with the max. level of cathepsins and calpain decreasing by 30.2 âˆ¼ 39.6 % when compared to the control during storage. Meanwhile, the coating reduced protein composition changes and accumulation of protein degradation products. According to label-free proteomic analysis, the proteome closer to fresh sample was observed in coated fillets than that of the control, as supported by PCA and hierarchical cluster analysis. Meanwhile, 33 differential proteins involved in tissue structure, protein phosphorylation and protein turnover were further screened out, and most DAPs showed up-regulation in coated fillets compared to the control on day 12. Presumably, the coating modulated endogenous enzyme-induced myofibrillar protein degradation and protein phosphorylation level, thereby stabilizing the texture properties of refrigerated fillets.


Assuntos
Carpas , Quitosana , Animais , Proteólise , Proteômica , Alimentos Marinhos
19.
Food Chem ; 404(Pt A): 134616, 2023 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36444043

RESUMO

Shewanella baltica has a high spoilage ability to decompose nutrients in fish. To investigate the role of S. baltica in fish protein and flavour during spoilage, the texture, rheology, protein patterns and volatile compounds of golden pomfret inoculated with S. baltica during 10-day storage were tested. During storage, S. baltica reduced the hardness of fish sticks by 29.73-49.24 %. Compared to the control (G0': 20.27 ± 2.15 kPa), inoculated samples showed lower moduli (G0': 16.71 ± 0.82-17.50 ± 1.80 kPa). Their myosin heavy chains, myosin-binding protein C and actin were decomposed into smaller proteins, which was validated by the lower intensities of molecules with Mw 160-176 kDa. Furthermore, S. baltica generated volatile spoilage markers, including dimethyl sulfide, 2-methyl-butanal and 3-methyl-butanal. This study reveals the mechanism of fish texture and flavour changes induced by S. baltica, and provides insights into controlling bacterial spoilage of seafood.


Assuntos
Alimentos Marinhos , Shewanella , Animais , Reologia , Aromatizantes
20.
Food Chem ; 404(Pt B): 134157, 2023 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36444080

RESUMO

A simultaneous multi-residue analytical method for 27 regulated and unregulated anesthetics and sedatives in seafood using liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry with electrospray ionization (LC-ESI/MSMS) was developed and tested on flatfish, eels, and shrimp. To optimize the efficiency of the method, extraction and clean-up procedures with various solvents and sorbents were tested. The most efficient pretreatment methods were extraction using acetonitrile (ACN) only (for flatfish and eel) and 0.1 % ammonium acetate in ACN (for shrimp). Validation was performed under the guidelines of CODEX Alimentarius (CAC/GL-71) and the Korean National Institute of Food and Drug Safety Evaluation (NIFDS). The limit of detection (LOD), limit of quantification (LOQ), accuracy, and precision for all compounds ranged from 0.0002 to 0.002 mg/kg, 0.0005-0.005 mg/kg, 64.7-112.5 %, and 1.0-8.6 %, respectively. The coefficient of determination (linearity, R2) was over 0.98. Therefore, the method meets the requirements of both the domestic and international guidelines.


Assuntos
Anestésicos , Hipnóticos e Sedativos , Animais , Cromatografia Líquida , Enguias , Alimentos Marinhos
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