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1.
BMC Oral Health ; 22(1): 328, 2022 08 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35941612

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate timing of fixation to retard bone absorption using finite element analysis(FEA). METHODS: Volunteer CT images were used to construct four models of mandibles with varying degrees of alveolar bone resorption. By simulating occlusal force loading, biomechanical analysis was made on the periodontal membrane, tooth root and surrounding bone (both cancellous and cortical) of mandibular dentition. RESULTS: The von Mises stress value of the periodontal structures was positively related with the degree of alveolar bone resorption, and the von Mises stress at the interface between the periodontal membrane and tooth root was increased significantly in moderate to severe periodontitis models. The von Mises stress at the interface between the periodontal cortical bone and cancellous bone was increased significantly in the severe periodontitis model. And the von Mises stress value with oblique loading showed significantly higher than vertical loading. CONCLUSION: Teeth with moderate to severe periodontitis, loosened tooth fixation can be used to retard bone absorption.


Assuntos
Perda do Osso Alveolar , Periodontite , Raiz Dentária , Perda do Osso Alveolar/diagnóstico por imagem , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Análise de Elementos Finitos , Humanos , Imageamento Tridimensional , Mandíbula , Estresse Mecânico , Raiz Dentária/cirurgia
2.
J Contemp Dent Pract ; 23(4): 388-392, 2022 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35945830

RESUMO

AIM: To assess dentin-post bond strength and mode of failure through tensile strength testing of two endodontic post systems: CAD/CAM custom-milled fiber posts vs Splendor SAP. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty extracted single-rooted mandibular premolars were sectioned 2 mm coronal to the cementoenamel junction. Root length was standardized at 15 mm, and the root canals were instrumented with #20 K-files followed by 30/0.03 and 30/0.05 ProDesign Logic rotary files, under irrigation with 2.5% NaOCl, and then submitted to final irrigation with 17% EDTA. Canals were filled with gutta-percha and AH PLUS sealer. After 24 hours, the teeth were prepared for post placement to a depth of 10 mm and randomly allocated into two experimental groups (n = 15): CAD/CAM (CC) and Splendor SAP (SS). All posts were cemented with RelyX U200 dual-cure self-adhesive resin cement. The roots were embedded in acrylic resin, and the specimens were stored for 7 days in moist heat (37°C). Tensile strength testing until failure was then performed in a universal testing machine using a crosshead speed of 0.5 mm/minute. The final failure load was tabulated for statistical analysis, and the G test was used to compare the failure modes observed under light microscopy (5× magnification). RESULTS: There was no significant difference between groups regarding tensile bond strength to root dentin (p = 0.325). Conversely, failure mode differed significantly between groups (p = 0.037). CONCLUSION: The tensile bond strength observed for the CAD/CAM and Splendor SAP post systems was similar. Adhesive failure was predominant in both groups; however, the CAD/CAM custom-milled fiber posts failed predominantly at the dentin-resin cement interface, whereas Splendor SAP posts failed mostly at the post-resin cement interface. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: A strong post-dentin bond is a key to the success of dental restorations and prosthetic rehabilitation. In teeth with severe coronal decay and wide canals, both of the tested systems would be able to achieve good cervical fit.


Assuntos
Colagem Dentária , Técnica para Retentor Intrarradicular , Desenho Assistido por Computador , Cavidade Pulpar , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Dentina , Teste de Materiais , Cimentos de Resina/química
3.
Biomed Res Int ; 2022: 8493909, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35915790

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to investigate the types and thicknesses of adhesive materials used in restorative treatment in dentistry in class I occlusal and class II disto-occlusal cavities and to examine the effects of stress distribution on enamel, dentin, restoration material, and adhesive material using the finite element stress analysis method. A 3-dimensional geometry of the tooth was obtained by scanning the extracted 26 numbered upper molar tooth with dental tomography. The 3D geometry obtained by using the Geomagic Design X 2020.0 software was divided into surfaces, and necessary arrangements were made. With the Solidworks 2013 software, 2 different cavity modeling, class I occlusal and class II disto-occlusal, with a cavity angle of 95 degrees on the 3D model, as well as 10, 30, and 50 micrometers thick, four types of adhesive materials and the modeling of the bulk-fill composite material on it were made. With finite element stress analysis, the stress distribution was analyzed using the Abaqus software. The materials used in the study are included in the simulation as isotropic linear elastic. Periodontal ligament and jawbone were not included in the analysis. A total of 600 N pressure was applied on the models. In our study, it was observed that the amount of stress on the tooth structures changed when the thickness, elastic modulus, and Poisson ratios of the adhesive material were changed. In addition, when all models are examined, it is seen that when the thickness is increased, more stress is placed on the adhesive material compared to the restoration, while when 50-micrometer-thick adhesive material is used, more stress is placed on the restoration compared to the adhesive material.


Assuntos
Resinas Compostas , Dente Molar , Resinas Compostas/química , Materiais Dentários , Restauração Dentária Permanente , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Módulo de Elasticidade , Análise de Elementos Finitos , Teste de Materiais , Estresse Mecânico
4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35830309

RESUMO

This study evaluates the fatigue resistance and failure mode of CAD/CAM composite resin and lithium disilicate-bonded screw-retained incisor crowns with long and short titanium bases. Sixty CAD/CAM implant restorations were fabricated using lithium disilicate (IPS e.max CAD, Ivoclar Vivadent) and composite resin (Block HC, Shofu). The central incisor crowns were bonded to a prefabricated titanium base 6 mm tall (groups: Emax6 and Shofu6; n = 15 each) or a modified abutment 4 mm tall (groups: Emax4 and Shofu4; n = 15 each). The intaglio surface of the restorations was conditioned according to the material and bonded to the titanium abutments/bases using dual-cure cement. All assembled crowns were torqued onto implants and subjected to cyclic isometric loading at the incisal edge along the implant axis. Samples were loaded until fracture. Groups were compared using Kaplan-Meier survival analysis (log rank test at P = .05). The number of mean survived cycles differed significantly, with Emax6 and Emax4 at 48,448 and 43,727 cycles, respectively, and Shofu6 and Shofu4 at 44,124 and 37,620 cycles, respectively. Post hoc tests showed similar fatigue resistance for Emax6, Emax4, and Shofu6. Shofu4 was less resistant than all other groups (P < .03). All restorations survived significantly above physiologic load limits. Lithium disilicate screw-retained incisor crowns can be used with long and short titanium bases, while it is recommended to keep a long titanium base for screw-retained composite resin crowns. The composite resin material required the full height of the abutment for optimal strength but may offer enhanced shock absorption and wear-friendliness when considering function and antagonistic wear.


Assuntos
Falha de Restauração Dentária , Titânio , Parafusos Ósseos , Cerâmica , Resinas Compostas , Desenho Assistido por Computador , Coroas , Porcelana Dentária , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Humanos , Incisivo , Teste de Materiais
5.
J Mech Behav Biomed Mater ; 133: 105331, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35779488

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this laboratory study was to assess the effect of immediate dentin sealing (IDS) on the fracture strength of teeth restored with ultrathin occlusal veneers made of a polymer-infiltrated ceramic network (PICN - Vita Enamic) with different fissure/cusp thicknesses. METHODS: Forty third molars were identically prepared in the dentin and allocated into four groups (n = 10) according to the fissure/cusp thickness of the occlusal veneers (0.3/0.6 mm or 0.6/0.9 mm) and the application or not of the IDS technique. Ten sound third molars were used as the control group. IDS was performed using a universal adhesive system (Single Bond Universal). The prepared teeth were scanned (Cerec software, version 4.1), and the occlusal veneers were shaped following the occlusal anatomy of a right second molar. Blocks of PICN were milled in the unit inLab MC XL. Following luting with Single Bond Universal and RelyX Ultimate, the fracture strength of the specimens was obtained with a universal testing machine. The fractures were classified as reparable or irreparable. Fracture strength values were analyzed with 2-way and 1-way ANOVA (α = 0.05) and Tukey's test. RESULTS: Only the IDS factor was significant (p = 0.001). The teeth restored with IDS (2875 ± 508 N) achieved significantly higher fracture strength than the teeth restored without IDS (2263 ± 354 N) (p < 0.05). The fracture strength of the specimens with IDS did not differ significantly from that of the sound teeth (3230 ± 620 N). The fractures were predominantly reparable. CONCLUSION: IDS improved the fracture strength of ultrathin occlusal veneers made of PICN.


Assuntos
Resistência à Flexão , Polímeros , Cerâmica , Porcelana Dentária , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Dentina , Teste de Materiais , Cimentos de Resina
6.
Int Orthod ; 20(3): 100664, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35871154

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate in vitro the effect of gastroesophageal reflux, before and after bonding of metal brackets on composite resin surface. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two hundred and ten resin discs were divided into 5 groups (n=42), according to the time and medium of storage: 24h, 7- and -30 days in artificial saliva (AS) and hydrochloric acid (HCL). Twelve samples from each group were submitted to surface roughness analysis (n=60). The other one hundred and fifty samples were divided into 3 groups (n=50) according to the bonding material: Transbond™ XT (TXT), 3M™ Filtek™ Z250 (Z250) and 3M™ Filtek™ Z350 XT (Z350). After bonding, the samples were subdivided, one more time, into 5 groups (n=10) according to the time (24h, 7, and 30 days) and medium storage (AS, HCL). Following, the shear bond strength (SBS) analysis was accomplished. Erosive challenge was performed for 7 or 30 days, before and after bonding of orthodontic brackets, for 1min, 4 times a day. SBS was performed in a universal testing machine (Instron) at 0.5mm/min. SBS data were subjected to two-way ANOVA and Tukey's test (α=0.05). RESULTS: TXT showed higher SBS values in all conditions (AS - 10.9±2.0 (24h); 10.5±4.9 (7 days); 9.4±2.2 (30 days); HCL - 11.5±3.7 (7 days); 8.0±2.1 (30 days)) - (P<0.0001). No statistical difference was detected in SBS between Z250 and Z350 composite resins (Z250 SBS: AS - 7.1±1.9 (24h), 5.2±1.8 (7 days), 4.5±1.5 (30 days); HCL - 5.2±2.3 (7 days), 5.0±2.5 (30 days)) - (P<=0.063)/Z350 SBS: AS - 7.4±1.0 (24h); 3.7±1.7 (7 days); 3.4±1.7 (30 days); HCL - 3.5±3.3 (7 days); 4.4±1.2 (30 days)) - (P<=0.167), respectively). Storage times and media did not statistically influence the SBS of TXT and Z250 composite resins (P>0.05), but did influence the Z350 SBS (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: Regardless of time and storage medium, TXT was the best composite resin for bonding brackets. Furthermore, the erosive challenge did not lead to surface changes in the Z250 resin at 7 and 30 days, unlike the Z350 resin.


Assuntos
Colagem Dentária , Refluxo Gastroesofágico , Braquetes Ortodônticos , Resinas Compostas/química , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Humanos , Teste de Materiais , Cimentos de Resina/química , Saliva Artificial , Resistência ao Cisalhamento , Propriedades de Superfície
7.
Dent Mater ; 38(8): 1404-1418, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35787894

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the effect of different restorative filling techniques on the residual shrinkage stress (ShrS), cuspal strain (CS), depth of cure (DC), and enamel crack formation (Ec) in molars with MOD restorations. METHODS: Post-gel shrinkage, elastic modulus, compressive and diametral tensile strength of the Filtek One Bulk Fill composite were calculated. Sixty molars with MOD preparations were restored using four filling techniques: Bulk; Horizontal; Oblique; Natural enamel and dentin substitution (NEDS) technique. CS was measured using a strain gauge (n = 10). The DC (n = 5) was measured using Knoop hardness. Shrinkage stress/strain was analyzed using 3D finite element analysis. The Ec analysis was carried out by transillumination. Two-way ANOVA with repeated measures and Tukey's HSD test (α = 0.05) was performed for the CS data. Two-Way ANOVA and Tukey's HSD test was performed for the DC data (α = 0.05). RESULTS: CS was higher at the lingual cusp for the horizontal and NEDS technique. No statistical difference was found between the buccal and lingual CS values for the Bulk (p = 0.367) or Oblique techniques (p = 0.192). CS values were lower for the Bulk. More enamel cracks were found for the Bulk. DC was lower at 4 mm regardless the filling technique. The Horizontal showed the highest ShrS values. The Bulk generated the lower ShrS values. SIGNIFICANCE: A Bulk technique caused the lowest shrinkage stress/strain. An Oblique technique yielded the best balance between stress, strain and crack formation. NEDS technique is a good alternative to decrease the number of increments while maintaining the stress levels nearby the Oblique technique.


Assuntos
Resinas Compostas , Restauração Dentária Permanente , Esmalte Dentário , Restauração Dentária Permanente/métodos , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Teste de Materiais , Dente Molar , Polimerização
8.
Dent Mater J ; 41(4): 633-642, 2022 Jul 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35793969

RESUMO

This study aimed to comparatively evaluate the shear bond strength (SBS) of a universal adhesive to contaminated/non-contaminated dentin when applied with three different protocols. One-hundred-eighty dentin samples were divided randomly into 12 groups (n=15). The groups were created by combining four dentin contamination conditions (non-contaminated or contaminated with blood, hemostatic, or blood+hemostatic) with three application protocols for Single Bond Universal (no-preconditioning or preconditioning with the 35% phosphoric or 1% gallic acid). Following thermal cycling, the SBS test was performed. Data were analyzed using two-way-ANOVA and Tukey's HSD (p<0.05). Dentin surfaces subjected to phosphoric acid, gallic acid, or hemostatic were examined using scanning electron microscope (SEM) analysis. SBS results were influenced by both the dentin contamination (p<0.001) and application protocol (p<0.001). A significant interaction was found between the two factors (p=0.005). The highest bonding performance to contaminated dentin -at all contamination conditions- was achieved with the gallic acid preconditioning.


Assuntos
Colagem Dentária , Hemostáticos , Condicionamento Ácido do Dente/métodos , Resinas Compostas/química , Colagem Dentária/métodos , Cimentos Dentários , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Dentina , Adesivos Dentinários/química , Ácido Gálico , Teste de Materiais , Cimentos de Resina/química , Resistência ao Cisalhamento
9.
Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants ; 37(4): 677-684, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35904823

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To compare the fracture resistance of a press-on ceramic custom implant restoration with pressed and cemented restorations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-two (32) lithium disilicate (IPS e.max Press) custom hybrid abutment restorations were fabricated. The restorations were divided into two groups (n = 16) according to the construction technique: the commercial control group (C) and the press-on group (P). For the control group, lithium disilicate restorations were pressed and cemented on titanium bases. For the press-on group, lithium disilicate pressable ceramic (IPS e.max Press) was pressed on the titanium bases with injection molding. Each group was further divided according to the restoration design, either screw- or cement-retained, into two subgroups of eight specimens each. Specimens of C group were divided into screw-retained (cemented hybrid abutment crown, CHAC) or cement-retained (cemented hybrid abutment, CHA). Specimens of the P group were also divided into screw-retained (pressed hybrid abutment crown, PHAC) and cement-retained (pressed hybrid abutment, PHA). The specimens were subjected to static loading until failure with a universal testing machine. Two-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) was used to assess the effect of different techniques and designs on the fracture resistance of the samples (P < .05), followed by one-way ANOVA and Tukey honest significant difference (HSD) test (α = .05). RESULTS: C group showed higher mean fracture resistance (812.443 ± 129.14 N) than P group (596.71 ± 108.83 N), and the difference was statistically significant (P < .05). Regarding restoration design, HA groups showed higher mean fracture resistance (742.621 ± 153.82 N) than HAC (666.53 ± 163.07 N) groups with no statistically significant difference. CHA showed the highest mean fracture resistance (817.65 ± 161.76 N), while PHAC showed the lowest mean fracture resistance values (525.83 ± 47.29 N). CONCLUSION: The commercial cemented lithium disilicate restorations showed higher fracture resistance than the press-on restorations, although both showed a maximum load capacity that was greater than physiologic incisal force in the anterior region, and both hybrid abutments and hybrid abutment crowns were equally efficient in withstanding occlusal loading forces.


Assuntos
Implantes Dentários , Falha de Restauração Dentária , Cerâmica , Desenho Assistido por Computador , Coroas , Materiais Dentários , Porcelana Dentária , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Teste de Materiais , Titânio , Zircônio
10.
Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants ; 37(4): 709-721, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35904827

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To examine the stress distribution in the maxillary All-on-4 treatment concept supported by implants of different diameters under two different loading forces using finite element analysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two distinct All-on-4 designs were prepared in a fully edentulous maxilla, supported by 3.3- and 4.1-mm-diameter implants. Posterior implants were tilted distally, approximately 30 degrees to the occlusal plane, and anterior implants were placed axially. Bone, implant, and prosthetic components were modeled separately and were tightly connected to each other. Under two distinct loading conditions representing the occlusal forces of healthy and bruxist individuals, the stresses on peri-implant bone, implant, and prosthetic components were evaluated using finite element analysis. RESULTS: There were higher stresses on cortical bone than on trabecular bone. The stresses on bone and implant components were concentrated around the posterior implants, whereas stresses on the prosthesis were concentrated anteriorly. With increasing implant diameter, the stresses on trabecular bone, abutments, and crowns increased, whereas the stresses on cortical bone, implants, and frameworks decreased. Compressive stresses in the cortical bone and von Mises stresses in the frameworks exceeded the overload limit in both models under bruxist loading. CONCLUSION: The stresses on the cortical bone, implants, and frameworks were slightly higher in the model with 3.3-mm-diameter implants, whereas the stresses on the trabecular bone, abutments, and crowns were slightly higher in the model with 4.1-mm-diameter implants.


Assuntos
Bruxismo , Implantes Dentários , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Simulação por Computador , Planejamento de Prótese Dentária , Prótese Dentária Fixada por Implante , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Análise de Elementos Finitos , Humanos , Maxila/cirurgia , Estresse Mecânico
11.
Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants ; 37(4): 748-755, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35904831

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the mechanical stability of highly translucent zirconia (Zr) cantilevered fixed dental prostheses (cFDPs) and to investigate the influence of the number of implants (one versus two) supporting cFDPs with different restorative materials on their mechanical stability and load-bearing capacity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-two specimens consisting of implant-supported prostheses embedded in resin blocks were fabricated. Sixteen specimens received one implant (bone-level implant, 4.1-mm diameter, 13-mm length; Straumann) to support two-unit cement-retained cFDPs with one extension unit and the other 16 received two implants (bone-level implant, 4.1-mm diameter, 13-mm length; Straumann) positioned corresponding to the missing maxillary central incisors to support three-unit cement-retained cFDPs with one extension unit. Two different prosthetic materials, chromium-cobalt (Cr-Co; Wirobond C+, Bego) and highly translucent Zr (Lava Plus, 3M ESPE) were selected to fabricate the two- and three-unit cFDPs. Standardized twoand three-unit Cr-Co frameworks (CC-I, n = 8; CC-II, n = 8) and highly translucent Zr frameworks (Zr-I, n = 8; Zr-II, n = 8) with a 6-mm cantilever extension were fabricated using CAD/CAM (EOS M 290). Following thermomechanical fatigue loading, the specimens were tested for fracture resistance under static loading. The influence of restoration material and number of supporting implants on fracture resistance were tested using two-way analysis of variance (ANOVA). The level of statistical significance was set below 5% (α < .05). RESULTS: All specimens survived aging. The mean (± standard deviation) fracture resistance values were 416.25 (± 42.71) N for Zr-I, 548.75 (± 75.41) N for Zr-II, 601.0 (± 41.51) N for CC-I, and 664.5 (± 37.59) N for CC-II. CC and Zr group specimens showed significantly different fracture resistance results (P < .001). The number of implants significantly influenced the fracture resistance of Zr groups (P = .001), whereas the influence was not significant for CC groups (P = .089). CONCLUSION: Within the limitations of this in vitro study, highly translucent zirconia cFDP frameworks demonstrated the potential to withstand reported physiologic occlusal forces applied in the anterior region. The increase in the number of implants supporting zirconia cFDPs significantly contributed to achieving higher fracture resistance values.


Assuntos
Implantes Dentários , Prótese Dentária Fixada por Implante , Desenho Assistido por Computador , Dente Suporte , Materiais Dentários/química , Falha de Restauração Dentária , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Teste de Materiais , Zircônio/química
12.
Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants ; 37(4): 763-770, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35904833

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To find out the difference in the stresses induced by one-piece monophasic and two-piece dental implants supporting All-on-4 implant-supported prostheses using finite element analysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two finite element maxillary models were designed: In the two-piece model, two-piece dental implants were used, and in the one-piece model, one-piece dental implants were used. The dental implants were placed according to the All-on-4 treatment concept. The anterior implants were axially placed; however, the posterior implants were placed with a distal inclination of 15 degrees. In each model, the prosthetic superstructure was designed to be a titanium implant prosthesis with zirconia crowns. Three loading scenarios were applied in this study. The first scenario simulated biting function with a total load of 250 N. The second scenario simulated incision function in which 90-N horizontal static load was applied to the palatal surface of central incisors. The third scenario simulated biting in the presence of a cantilever. RESULTS: In the three loading scenarios, the stresses were higher in the two-piece model. Higher stress values were recorded posteriorly rather than anteriorly in both models. CONCLUSION: One-piece dental implants induce lower stress values compared with two-piece dental implants when used in All-on-4 implant-supported prostheses.


Assuntos
Implantes Dentários , Planejamento de Prótese Dentária , Prótese Dentária Fixada por Implante , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Análise de Elementos Finitos , Estresse Mecânico
13.
Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants ; 37(4): 740-747, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35904830

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Titanium-zirconium (Ti-Zr) alloy has been developed to strengthen the implant body, but clinically relevant information is still limited. The aim of this in vitro study was to compare the rotational load fatigue performance of implant-abutment connections in narrow-diameter (3.3-mm) and regular-diameter (4.1-mm) implants made with commercially pure grade 4 titanium alloy (CPTi-G4) and Ti-Zr. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Narrow-diameter (N) and regular-diameter (R) implants with CPTi-G4 (Ti) or Ti-Zr (Tz) materials were tested. This resulted in four test groups: NTi, NTz, RTi and RTz. Five specimens were made for each group (n = 5). Abutments used were milled from titanium-aluminum-niobium alloy abutment blanks. A rotational load fatigue machine applied a sinusoidally varying load at an angle of 45 degrees to produce an effective bending moment of 35 Ncm at a frequency of 14 Hz in air at 20°C. The number of cycles to failure was recorded. The upper limit was set as 5 million cycles. Results were evaluated using analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Tukey post hoc tests. Failure locations and patterns were evaluated with scanning electron microscope (SEM). RESULTS: All regular-diameter test groups reached the upper limit of 5 million cycles without failure. All narrow-diameter test groups failed within the range of 402,530 cycles to 3,374,353 cycles. It could be observed that NTz showed a higher mean cycle count as compared to NTi. NTi test group recorded two implants damaged, one implant fracture, five abutment fractures, and four screw fractures. NTz test group showed only abutment fractures at the level of implant platform, with no damage to the implant bodies. Significant difference was found between implants of different diameters. There was no significant difference between implants of different materials. CONCLUSION: Regular-diameter implants performed significantly better than narrow-diameter implants, regardless of material, while no significant difference in cyclic load to failure was found between groups of different alloys. All NTz failures were at the abutment only, without damage to the implant. This failure pattern can potentially be clinically advantageous in terms of retrieval and subsequent replacement of a failed prosthesis.


Assuntos
Implantes Dentários para Um Único Dente , Implantes Dentários , Ligas , Dente Suporte , Projeto do Implante Dentário-Pivô , Falha de Restauração Dentária , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Humanos , Teste de Materiais , Titânio , Zircônio
14.
Int Orthod ; 20(3): 100661, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35764503

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Adult orthodontic treatment has been increasingly popular, and brackets may need to be bonded to provisional crowns, including CAD/CAM crowns. The use of self-adhesive resin cement or light adhesive paste have been suggested with different surface conditioning protocols to improve the adhesion to CAD/CAM PMMA provisional crowns. Objective To determine and compare the in vitro shear bond strength (SBS) of metal brackets bonded to a provisional prosthetic CAD/CAM material after the use of different adhesive cements and surface conditioning protocols. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred twenty Telio® CAD specimens were manufactured in 12 groups (n=10). Each specimen was bonded to a metal bracket and divided according to adhesive technique (3M™Transbond™ XT Light Cure Paste or 3M™RelyX™ U200) surface treatment (macroretentions) and the use of silane. Half of the specimens were thermocycled (5000 cycles, 5°C/55°C water baths). The SBS test was carried out using a shear bond strength tester, and the type of adhesive failure was determined by means of the adhesive remnant index. The data were analysed with the Mann-Whitney test (α=0.05). RESULTS: Statistically significant differences (P<0.001) in SBS were found among the groups. The group with macroretentions, silane, and not thermocycled was the one that obtained the highest average value (17.31±4.89MPa). The lowest average value was the group without macroretentions, without silane, and thermocycled (3.4±3.37MPa). CONCLUSION: The shear bond strength of brackets to provisional prosthetic CAD/CAM materials depended on the type of adhesive, surface treatment, and aging by thermocycling.


Assuntos
Colagem Dentária , Braquetes Ortodônticos , Adulto , Colagem Dentária/métodos , Cimentos Dentários , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Humanos , Teste de Materiais , Cimentos de Resina/química , Resistência ao Cisalhamento , Silanos , Propriedades de Superfície
15.
PLoS One ; 17(6): e0270527, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35749553

RESUMO

Structural durability of screw-cement-retained implant-supported zirconia-based restorations is an important factor in choosing the best type of restoration for clinical use. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of thermocycling on the fracture resistance of different types of screw-cement-retained implant-supported zirconia-based restoration. Two experimental groups (monolithic zirconia and porcelain-veneered zirconia) and a control group of porcelain-fused-to-metal restorations were fabricated via CAD-CAM (n = 14 per group). Half of the specimens of each group (n = 7) were subjected to 10000 thermal cycles. The compressive force was applied and the force leading to fracture was measured by using a Universal Testing Machine. The fractured modes were classified under a scanning electron microscope. The data were analyzed through two-way ANOVA, one-way ANOVA, and independent samples t-test (α = 0.05). Among the non-thermocycled subgroups, the monolithic zirconia specimens were significantly more fracture-resistant than the porcelain-veneered zirconia and porcelain-fused-to-metal groups (P<0.05); but it was not the same with aging (P>0.05). Thermocycling decreased the fracture resistance of all groups; however, the difference was not statistically significant (P<0.05). The monolithic zirconia presented higher fracture resistance than the bilayered restorations for screw-cement retained implant-supported restorations. Thermocycling decreased the fracture resistance of all types of restorations insignificantly which can be clinically important.


Assuntos
Porcelana Dentária , Zircônio , Cimentos Ósseos , Parafusos Ósseos , Desenho Assistido por Computador , Falha de Restauração Dentária , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Cimentos de Ionômeros de Vidro , Teste de Materiais , Zircônio/química
16.
J Mech Behav Biomed Mater ; 133: 105309, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35689987

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Although endocrown is a successful restorative approach for endodontically treated molars, its survival rate in endodontically treated premolars with extensive loss of coronal structure has been debated. The aim of this study was to evaluate the biomechanical behavior of endodontically treated maxillary premolars restored with different lithium disilicate endocrown designs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Based on cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) of an intact maxillary premolar, five models were designed. Model A: fiber post, core, and crown; Model B: endocrown, 5 mm pulpal extension and butt margin; Model C: endocrown, 5 mm pulpal extension and axial extension; Model D: Endocrown, 3 mm pulpal extension and butt margin; Model E: Endocrown, 3 mm pulpal extension and axial extension. The bone geometry was simplified as a cylinder of compact and trabecular bone. All models were imported into finite element analysis (FEA) software, where the base of the bone cylinder was chosen as fixed support. Axial and oblique loads of 100 N each were applied separately to each model, and static structural analysis was performed. RESULTS: Regardless of the design of the endocrown, the resulting von Mises stresses were far below the yield strength of the tooth structure and the flexural strength of the ceramic material. The generated von Mises stresses on the restoration decreased by 15% in the models with 3 mm pulp extension (D and E) compared to the 5-mm pulpal extension models. In addition, the resulting von Mises stresses on the tooth structure decreased also by 15% in models C and E with the axial extension compared to models B and D with the butt margin. CONCLUSION: Endocrown is a suitable restoration for endodontically treated maxillary premolars. Furthermore, reducing the depth of the pulpal extension to 3 mm with the addition of an axial extension resulted in a more favorable stress distribution within the tooth-restoration interface.


Assuntos
Cerâmica , Coroas , Dente Pré-Molar , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Análise de Elementos Finitos , Dente Molar
17.
J Mech Behav Biomed Mater ; 133: 105305, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35700676

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To assess the hypotheses that a restored tooth structure for a class II occlusal-distal (OD) cavity can be reinforced by optimizing the cavity geometry and choosing composites with adequate mechanical properties. METHODS: A human maxillary molar tooth was scanned, and segmented. The 2D profiles of dentin and enamel were drawn and imported to ABAQUS software. Eighteen restored tooth models with different cavity occlusal depths (OcDs) and internal cavity angles were developed. A semi-circular stone part was used to apply contact loads to the restored tooth model. After setting up the required interactions and boundary conditions, a written Python code was used to automatically assign a wide range of elastic moduli, from 2 GPa to 26 GPa, to the composite restorations, and assign constant material properties to the enamel and dentine. For simplicity, the behaviour of the mechanical material was postulated homogeneous and elastic, while the FE analyses were linearly carried out in this study. Also, the code enabled the FEA software to conduct the stress analyses, determine maximum principal stresses, and record the obtained results. RESULTS: The internal cavity angle formed between the mesial wall and the pulpal floor of the cavity significantly changed the peak maximum principal stress both in the enamel and restoration. The peak stress concentrations were observed mostly at the enamel-restoration interface, with an almost perpendicular orientation to this interface. Regarding the effect of occlusal cavity depth (OcD), the model with the shallowest cavity (OcD = 1.5 mm) represented greater resistance to applied loads than the model with deeper cavities (OcD = 2.0 mm and OcD 2.5 mm). The composite modulus (CM) in the range of 10-18 GPa reduced the maximum principal stress concentrations in the enamel. The lowest result for maximum principal stress was observed in the model with OcD = 1.5 mm, CM = 10 GPa and internal cavity angles = 100°, which was the strongest model against contact loads. SIGNIFICANCE: Class II OD cavities with optimal geometry have reduced induced stress levels, thus being able to be more mechanically robust against contact load transmitted by a stone. Cavity geometry designs with obtuse (more than 90°) internal cavity angles were significantly efficient in minimizing peak stress concentrations. The results indicated that for the model with obtuse internal cavity angles, choosing a composite with optimised properties can diminish stress, particularly at the tooth-restoration interface. Furthermore, the shallowest the cavity, the sturdier the restoration was, especially when the interface tooth-restoration laid on enamel and not on dentine.


Assuntos
Resinas Compostas , Dente Molar , Resinas Compostas/química , Restauração Dentária Permanente , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Módulo de Elasticidade , Análise de Elementos Finitos , Humanos , Estresse Mecânico
18.
J Mech Behav Biomed Mater ; 133: 105322, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35724532

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This in vitro study aimed to determine the effect of antioxidant solutions used after dental bleaching on the shear bond strength and adhesive interface sealing of ceramic laminate veneer luting. Additionally, effects on the enamel surface characteristics of hydrogen peroxide neutralization, surface energy, total free interaction energy, morphology, and chemical composition of enamel were assessed. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Total 127 bovine incisors were divided into experimental groups, according to the surface treatment (unbleached and bleached enamel), antioxidant types (control; 10% ascorbic acid and 10% α-tocopherol), and periods of luting of ceramic laminates (24 h and after 14 days). Shear bond strength was assessed using microtensile test before and after thermal cycling (5760 cycles, 5-55 °C) (n = 6). The sealing of the adhesive interface was assessed using a confocal laser scanning microscope (n = 3). Hydrogen peroxide neutralization analysis was performed using a spectrophotometer (n = 5). The surface energy and total free interaction energy (n = 10) were measured using an automatic goniometer, while enamel morphology and chemical composition were assessed by scanning eletron microscopy (n = 3). Shear bond strength and enamel surface properties data were subjected to ANOVA followed by Tukey's test (α = 0.05). Adhesive interface micrographs were evaluated by the inter-examiner Kappa test and subjected to Kruskal-Wallis and Dunn's tests (α = 0.05). RESULTS: In general, thermal aging decreased the shear bond strength values of the luting agents to enamel (P < .05). The α-tocopherol solution was able to reverse the oxidizing effect from dental bleaching, increasing the shear bond strength values and preserving the integrity of the adhesive interface sealing (P < .05). Moreover, the α-tocopherol antioxidant agent promoted higher hydrogen peroxide neutralization after dental bleaching (P < .05). Dental bleaching influenced the enamel surface, decreasing the surface energy and total free interaction energy values (P < .05). CONCLUSION: α-tocopherol was able to reverse the oxidizing effects of dental bleaching, improving the enamel surface properties, as well as the adhesion and interface sealing of ceramic laminate veneer restorations.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes , Colagem Dentária , Animais , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Bovinos , Cerâmica/química , Resinas Compostas/química , Esmalte Dentário , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Teste de Materiais , Cimentos de Resina/química , Resistência ao Cisalhamento , alfa-Tocoferol/farmacologia
19.
BMC Oral Health ; 22(1): 254, 2022 06 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35751090

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Debonding of ball attachments is one of the complications that annoy teeth supported overdenture wearers. The polyetheretherketone (PEEK) and polyetherketoneketone (PEKK) polymers are widely applied in the dental field. The purpose of the current study was to compare the tensile bond strength of ball attachments made of such materials and the commonly used titanium ones after 5 years of overdenture insertion and removal (5000 cycles) in addition to chewing simulation (1,200,000 cycle). METHODS: Extracted mandibular canines (N = 60) were randomly allocated into three groups and received ball attachments; titanium (group TI; N = 20), PEEK (group PE; N = 20), PEKK (group PK; N = 20). In each group, the samples were divided into two subgroups whereas tensile bond strength was measured pre aging (T0; n = 10) and post aging (T1; n = 10). Tensile bond strength was measured by the Pull out test using the Universal testing machine. Failure mode analysis was determined by examination of the samples' surfaces under 65X stereomicroscope. The resulting data followed normal distribution and the significance level was set at (α = 0.05). RESULTS: One Way Anova showed statistically significant difference between the three groups (P < .00001). PostHoc Tukey test showed statistically significant difference between the groups TI and PE, TI and PK and no statistically significant difference between the groups PE and PK. Paired t test showed statistically significant difference in the tensile bond strength pre and post aging in each group. CONCLUSIONS: PEEK and PEKK ball attachments could be concluded to have a higher tensile bond strength compared to the titanium ones when bonded to root dentin. Tensile bond strength of such attachments may decrease with aging as well. Clinically, the higher tensile bond strength may have a lesser rate of debonding and thus reduced patient apprehension.


Assuntos
Colagem Dentária , Cavidade Pulpar , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Dentina , Humanos , Mastigação , Teste de Materiais , Cimentos de Resina/química , Resistência à Tração , Titânio
20.
BMC Oral Health ; 22(1): 227, 2022 06 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35681163

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the retention and loss of retention after fatigue testing at different time intervals between two types of bar clip materials (digitally designed PEEK bar clip and regular Nylon bar clip). MATERIALS AND METHODS: An epoxy model was constructed for a completely edentulous mandible. Two implants were placed according to prosthetically driven implant placement by a computer-guided surgical stent. Bar clips were digitally designed, 3D printed, and pressed into Poly Ether Ether Ketone (PEEK). Pick up of PEEK and nylon clips was performed on the dentures fitting surface using self-cured acrylic resin. Each study group was subjected to an insertion and removal fatigue test simulating 3 years of patient usage. Retention values were recorded using the universal testing machine at initial retention and after 1, 2, and 3 years of simulated usage. For proper sample sizing, 24 models and dentures (12 for each group) were used. An independent sample t-test and repeated measures analysis of variance were used to compare the data. RESULTS: There were statistically significant differences in retention between the PEEK and nylon bar clips at the beginning of the experiment (p = 0.000*). But after 3 years of simulated use, there was no significant difference in retention between the test groups (p = 0.055, NS). After 3 years of simulated use, the retention of PEEK clips decreased by - 58.66% recording 17.37 ± 1.07 N, while the retention of nylon clip increased by + 2.99% recording 16.56 ± 0.88 N. CONCLUSION: The digitally designed PEEK clip showed comparable retention results to the nylon clip after 3 years of simulated use. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Maintenance of bar attachment with PEEK clip offers a clinical solution after the wear of normal plastic clips, which is a cheap solution that is easily fabricated and picked up into the denture. Digital fabricated PEEK bar retentive inserts can be used in cases of bar attachment wear.


Assuntos
Implantes Dentários , Revestimento de Dentadura , Prótese Dentária Fixada por Implante , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Retenção de Dentadura , Éteres , Humanos , Mandíbula/cirurgia , Nylons , Instrumentos Cirúrgicos
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