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1.
Medicina (Kaunas) ; 58(9)2022 Aug 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36143832

RESUMO

Most patients suffering from neoplastic diseases will at some point during their illness be approached surgically. Surgery itself may be unfortunately responsible for tumor proliferation and metastatic spread. With the perioperative period increasingly becoming a focus of research in anesthesia, anesthesiologists have looked at the chance to influence cancer progression based on their choice of anesthesia regimen and strategy. Many anesthetic agents have been investigated for their potential impact on the course of cancer disease. There is an abundance of retrospective studies and very few prospective ones that tackled this issue. The aim of this article is to review the current state of the evidence on general anesthesia involving volatile and intravenous agents as substrates, focusing on halogenated inhalational agents and propofol, to guide clinical decision making in assessments of the best practice for perioperative management of cancer surgery.


Assuntos
Anestésicos Gerais , Neoplasias , Propofol , Anestesia por Inalação , Anestesia Intravenosa , Anestesiologistas , Anestésicos Intravenosos , Humanos , Neoplasias/cirurgia , Propofol/uso terapêutico , Estudos Prospectivos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sono
2.
Anesth Analg ; 135(4): 728-731, 2022 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36108188

RESUMO

Clinical production pressure is a significant problem for faculty of anesthesiology departments who seek to remain involved in research. Lack of protected time to dedicate to research and insufficient external funding add to this long-standing issue. Recent trends in funding to the departments of anesthesiology and their academic output validate these concerns. A 2022 study examining National Institutes of Health (NIH) grant recipients associated with anesthesiology departments across 10 years (2011-2020) outlines total awarded funds at $1,676,482,440, with most of the funds awarded to only 10 departments in the United States. Of note, the total 1-year NIH funding in 2021 for academic internal medicine departments was 3 times higher than the 10-year funding of anesthesiology departments. Additionally, American Board of Anesthesiology (ABA) diplomats represent a minority (37%) of the anesthesiology researchers obtaining grant funding, with a small number of faculty members receiving a prevalence of monies. Overall, the number of publications per academic anesthesiologist across the United States remains modest as does the impact of the scholarly work. Improving environments in which academic anesthesiologists thrive may be paramount to successful academic productivity. In fact, adding to the lack of academic time is the limited bandwidth of senior academic physicians to mentor and support aspiring physician scientists. Given then the challenges for individual departments and notable successes of specialty-specific collaborative efforts (eg, Foundation for Anesthesia Education and Research [FAER]), additional pooled-resource approaches may be necessary to successfully support and develop clinician scientists. It is in this spirit that the leadership of Anesthesia & Analgesia and The Journal of Education in Perioperative Medicine, unified with the Association of University Anesthesiologists, aim to sponsor the Introduction to Clinical Research for Academic Anesthesiologists (ICRAA) Course. Directed toward early career academic anesthesiologists who wish to gain competency specifically in the fundamentals of clinical research and receive mentorship to develop an investigative project, the yearlong course will provide participants with the skills necessary to design research initiatives, ethically direct research teams, successfully communicate ideas with data analysts, and write and submit scientific articles. Additionally, the course, articulated in a series of interactive lectures, mentored activities, and workshops, will teach participants to review articles submitted for publication to medical journals and to critically appraise evidence in published research. It is our hope that this initiative will be of interest to junior faculty of academic anesthesiology departments nationally and internationally.


Assuntos
Anestesiologia , Médicos , Anestesiologistas , Anestesiologia/educação , Eficiência , Humanos , National Institutes of Health (U.S.) , Estados Unidos
4.
Anesth Analg ; 135(4): 734-743, 2022 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36108190

RESUMO

In this Pro-Con commentary article, we discuss whether the lower limit of cerebral autoregulation is clinically relevant for anesthesiologists. The central question regarding this issue is whether mean arterial blood pressure below the lower limit of autoregulation is detrimental for the brain. The Pro side argues that continuous monitoring of cerebral autoregulation has revealed an association between going below the lower limit and mortality in the critically ill patient. Conversely, the Con side argues that cerebral autoregulation is only one of various defense mechanisms of the brain that protect against cerebral hypoperfusion, and that cerebral autoregulation may be more important to protect against intracranial hypertension.


Assuntos
Circulação Cerebrovascular , Hipertensão Intracraniana , Anestesiologistas , Encéfalo/fisiologia , Circulação Cerebrovascular/fisiologia , Homeostase/fisiologia , Humanos
6.
Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract ; 52(5): 1099-1107, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36150787

RESUMO

A new frontier in veterinary anesthesia telehealth has begun. With the adoption of electronic anesthetic records and video, phone, and chat consultations, an anesthesiologist can be integrated into the care team of any patient, anywhere in the world. This article reviews the benefits of adopting an electronic anesthetic record system, and the ways that practitioners can incorporate a virtual anesthesiologist into their care team.


Assuntos
Anestesiologia , Telemedicina , Anestesiologistas , Animais , Éter , Humanos , Tecnologia
7.
Anesthesiology ; 137(4): 484-508, 2022 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36137257

RESUMO

Tobacco use will kill a projected 1 billion people in the 21st century in one of the deadliest pandemics in history. Tobacco use disorder is a disease with a natural history, pathophysiology, and effective treatment options. Anesthesiologists can play a unique role in fighting this pandemic, providing both immediate (reduction in perioperative risk) and long-term (reduction in tobacco-related diseases) benefits to their patients who are its victims. Receiving surgery is one of the most powerful stimuli to quit tobacco. Tobacco treatments that combine counseling and pharmacotherapy (e.g., nicotine replacement therapy) can further increase quit rates and reduce risk of morbidity such as pulmonary and wound-related complications. The perioperative setting provides a great opportunity to implement multimodal perianesthesia tobacco treatment, which combines multiple evidence-based tactics to implement the four core components of consistent ascertainment and documentation of tobacco use, advice to quit, access to pharmacotherapy, and referral to counseling resources.


Assuntos
Abandono do Hábito de Fumar , Anestesiologistas , Humanos , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Abandono do Hábito de Fumar/psicologia , Uso de Tabaco , Dispositivos para o Abandono do Uso de Tabaco
8.
Anesthesiol Clin ; 40(3): 547-556, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36049881

RESUMO

From the orthopedic trauma surgeon's perspective, successful injury management hinges on fracture fixation and restoration of patient mobility in a safe and expeditious manner. Management of critically injured polytrauma patients and shared decisions regarding regional anesthetics presents a myriad of challenges for orthopedic trauma surgeons and anesthesiologists alike. As the populations age, the typical patient sustaining traumatic orthopedic injuries are increasingly frail and elderly. This trend in demographics has mandated that care for orthogeriatric patients is coordinated by multidisciplinary teams working in concert on medically complex cases to a common end. In this article, we highlight opportunities for improved communication and care integration between orthopedic trauma surgeons and anesthesiologists.


Assuntos
Anestesiologistas , Cirurgiões , Idoso , Humanos
10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35954685

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The response to the COVID-19 pandemic by anesthesiologists has been simply heroic. Unfortunately, there are very few evidence-based studies in the literature that focus on anesthesiologists' burnout during that time. The purpose of our study was to examine the psychological distress, after the COVID-19 pandemic, among anesthesiologists in Poland. METHODS: We conducted an anonymous internet survey among a group of anesthesiologists in Poland. It contained a questionnaire, entitled "Oldenburg Burnout Inventory (OLBI)", with demographic questions about sex, age, and family, as well as questions related to working conditions during the COVID-19 pandemic. We received data from 158 people, including 109 women and 49 men. RESULTS: Results from the analysis showed that 73% (115/158) of the participants suffered from burnout. Moreover, 95.6% of the participants thought that the COVID-19 pandemic had had an influence on their level of burnout, and 97.3% found that it had had a negative impact. CONCLUSIONS: There is no doubt that healthcare workers, despite the difficulties associated with their daily work, have not faced challenges on such a scale in a very long time. Support for their mental health should be an essential component of the modern public healthcare system.


Assuntos
Esgotamento Profissional , COVID-19 , Angústia Psicológica , Anestesiologistas , Esgotamento Profissional/epidemiologia , Esgotamento Profissional/psicologia , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pandemias , Polônia/epidemiologia
11.
Anaesthesiologie ; 71(9): 697-705, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35925188

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Anesthesiologic activity in the delivery room environment implies the specifics of a 200% lethality, which describes that emergency situations can affect mother and child. A circumstance that impressively underlines the need for special care in employee training and selection. The training situation in the delivery room is characterized by several difficulties. Technical procedures are often performed on the awake patient, who is herself in an exciting situation during childbirth. A detailed description of the necessary competences in this working environment does not exist at the present. The present study aims to describe the further education situation in anesthesiology. The results can represent the first step of a curriculum development according to the concept of Kern et al. in the sense of a needs assessment. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In a multicenter observational study, doctors in further training (AiW) and consultants (FÄ) were asked about methods of familiarization, feedback, activities taken on and the need for a curriculum. The level of supervision and confidence in action during procedures was also elicited. Participants were contacted via the membership database of the German Society of Anesthesia and Intensive Care and could answer the 11-item questionnaire online. RESULTS: A total of 495 questionnaires (329 FÄ; 166 AiW;) were completed. The FÄ and AiW gave different information on the conduct of exit interviews (59.6% vs. 10%) and curriculum support (76.3% vs.17.5%). Independent of the year of training, AiWs perform cesarean sections under on-demand (reactive) supervision. Peridural anesthesia (PDA) is the least frequently performed procedure in the context of the familiarization situation with obstetric anesthesia. The groups have a different confidence of security in the successful implementation of procedures, when AiW are proceeding without direct supervision (FÄ = MD 61; AiW = MD 77; p < 0.001; scale 0 = unsecure-100 = very secure). Practical and technical support is mostly provided immediately by FÄ (> MW 91; scale 0 = never-100 = immediately). Individual values deviate significantly from the average values (outliers). Both groups rate the usefulness or value of describing learning objectives and the availability of a curriculum as high. DISCUSSION: The support of familiarization and continuing support is partly answered differently by consultants and doctors in further training. Individual procedures that are rarely performed, such as administration of a PDA, require special attention in the future. Curricula with workplace-based assessments could provide feedback and assurance to increase confidence in the successful implementation of procedures by AiW. The AiW usually receive immediate professional support. Individual institutions do not seem to have any concepts here and must rethink their processes. This fact is particularly important against the background of the medicolegal significance of the subject. The description of learning objectives and curriculum development is desired both by FÄ and AiW.


Assuntos
Anestesiologistas , Anestesiologia , Anestesiologia/educação , Currículo , Salas de Parto , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Gravidez , Inquéritos e Questionários
12.
J Clin Anesth ; 82: 110941, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35939972

RESUMO

STUDY OBJECTIVE: Rising patient numbers, with increasing complexity, challenge the sustainability of the current preoperative process. We evaluated whether an electronic screening application can distinguish patients that need a preoperative consultation from low-risk patients that can be first seen on the day of surgery. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Preoperative clinic of a tertiary academic hospital. PATIENTS: 1395 adult patients scheduled for surgery or procedural sedation. INTERVENTIONS: We assessed a novel electronic preoperative screening application which consists of a questionnaire with a maximum of 185 questions regarding the patient's medical history and current state of health. The application provides an extensive health report, including an American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status (ASA-PS) classification and a recommendation for either consultation by an anesthesiologist at the preoperative clinic or approval for screening on the day of surgery. MEASUREMENTS: The recommendation of the electronic screening system was compared with the regular preoperative assessment using measures of diagnostic accuracy and agreement. Secondary outcomes included ASA-PS classification, patient satisfaction, and the anesthesiologists' opinion on the completeness and quality of the screening report. RESULTS: Sensitivity to detect patients who needed additional consultation was 97.5% (95%CI 91.2-99.7) and the negative likelihood ratio was 0.08 (95%CI 0.02-0.32). 407 (29.2%) patients were approved for surgery by both electronic screening and anesthesiologist. In 909 (65.2%) cases, the electronic screening system recommended further consultation while the anesthesiologist approved the patient (specificity 30.9% (95%CI 28.4-33.5); poor level of agreement (ĸ = 0.04)). Agreement regarding ASA-PS classification scores was weak (ĸ = 0.48). The majority of patients (78.0%) felt positive about electronic screening replacing the regular preoperative assessment. CONCLUSIONS: Electronic screening can reliably identify patients who can have their first contact with an anesthesiologist on the day of surgery, potentially allowing a major proportion of patients to safely bypass the preoperative clinic.


Assuntos
Anestesiologistas , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios , Adulto , Eletrônica , Humanos , Estudos Prospectivos , Inquéritos e Questionários
16.
Curr Opin Anaesthesiol ; 35(5): 654-659, 2022 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35942715

RESUMO

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: A variety of educational modalities are used to teach regional anesthesia. Simulation is an educational tool that facilitates hands-on learning in a well tolerated, reproducible environment, eliminating potential harm to patients during the process of learning. Available literature and expert consensus statements support customizing simulation programs according to the level of training and experience of the learners. RECENT FINDINGS: Simulation is useful for learners of all levels of expertise, though the application and frequency of simulation must be adapted to meet the learners' objectives. SUMMARY: This review presents recommendations for the use of simulation for residents, fellows, practicing anesthesiologists without formal training in regional anesthesia, and practicing anesthesiologists with regional anesthesia expertise. Passports and portfolio programs that include simulation can be used to verify training. Virtual applications of simulation are growing, expanding the scope of regional anesthesia simulation and increasing access to lower resource areas.


Assuntos
Anestesiologia , Internato e Residência , Treinamento por Simulação , Anestesiologistas/educação , Anestesiologia/educação , Competência Clínica , Humanos
18.
BMJ ; 378: o1889, 2022 08 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35918069
20.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 26(14): 5053-5062, 2022 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35916801

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore whether anesthesiologists' efficiency can be increased via the use of intelligent equipment, thereby improving the quality of surgical anesthesia. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This paper first introduces the intelligent management system and work flow of drugs and consumables in the department of anesthesiology in our hospital, and then compares the time before and after the use of intelligent equipment, the time for anesthesiologists and nurses to manage drugs and consumables, the misdistribution rate of drugs distributed by anesthetic nurses, and the inventory time and accuracy of narcotic drugs. RESULTS: For the intelligent management with intelligent drug cabinets and logistics robots as the terminal, compared with traditional management, the anesthesiologist saves an average of 24±1 (min) per day in acquisition of drugs and consumables, and the total error rate in drugs and consumables distribution by anesthesia nurses is reduced from 4% to 1%, the inventory time of anesthetic drugs is 12±5 (min) earlier than before, and inventory accuracy has been increased from 94.6% to 98.6%. The anesthesia nurses save an average of 53.1±10 (min) per day from taking medicines to operating anesthesia billing than before. CONCLUSIONS: The intelligent management of drugs and consumables in the Anesthesiology Department improves management efficiency, ensures medication safety for surgical patients, increases anesthesia management time for anesthesiologists, and improves the quality of surgical anesthesia.


Assuntos
Anestesia , Anestesiologia , Anestesiologistas , Hospitais , Humanos
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