Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 55.694
Filtrar
1.
Igaku Butsuri ; 41(3): 92-95, 2021.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34744140

RESUMO

IVR-CT was developed at Aichi Cancer Center (Japan) in 1992 and is now in use worldwide. It was developed initially for the purpose of performing CT more easily during arteriography, but also during non-vascular IR procedures such as biopsy and drainage. Four-detector-row IVR-MDCT was introduced to Shizuoka Cancer center in 2002, which was upgraded to 320-Row IVR-ADCT (320-IVR-CT) by 2013. Although we performed an initial investigation into the efficacy of 320 IVR-CT for vascular intervention, the direct MPR method using volume scanning is predominant in the field of non-vascular intervention. In this review, we describe the history of IVR-CT, report the efficacy of 320-IVR-CT for vascular and non-vascular intervention, and report our experiences.


Assuntos
Angiografia , Humanos , Japão
2.
Acta Biomed ; 92(S1): e2021274, 2021 11 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34747386

RESUMO

A nodular lesion at the lower left pulmonary lobe was detected in a 46 years old male during a preoperative chest X-Ray for appendicitis. To further characterise the nodule, a contrast enhanced computed tomography (CE-CT) was performed showing a 20 mm vascular lesion, which was suspected to be a pseudoaneurysm. The diagnostic angiography detected a flattening of the vascular wall with a voluminous pseudoaneurysm (PSA) in the distal portion of the tributary branch of the inferior left lobe. To treat the lesion, a 2.9F microcatheter was advanced into the sac and 4 detachable coils were placed (16-18mm Penumbra Inc) to pack the PSA. To block vascular supply to the lesion, the feeding artery was embolized with an ethylene vinyl alcohol copolymer agent (Squid Peri 18, Emboflu). The final angiographic control showed the exclusion of the pseudoaneurysmal sac which was confirmed by SEMAR™ reconstructed CE-CT scan after 40 days. Furthermore, no signs of pulmonary infarction were reported. (www.actabiomedica.it).


Assuntos
Falso Aneurisma , Embolização Terapêutica , Falso Aneurisma/diagnóstico por imagem , Falso Aneurisma/terapia , Angiografia , Animais , Decapodiformes , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Artéria Pulmonar/diagnóstico por imagem
3.
Nihon Hoshasen Gijutsu Gakkai Zasshi ; 77(11): 1309-1316, 2021.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34803111

RESUMO

This study aimed to determine the optimal image reconstruction method for preoperative computed tomography (CT) angiography for pulmonary segmentectomy. This study enrolled 20 patients who underwent contrast-enhanced CT examination for pulmonary segmentectomy. The optimal image reconstruction algorithm among four different reconstruction algorithms (filtered back projection, hybrid iterative reconstruction, model- based iterative reconstruction, and deep learning reconstruction [DLR]) was investigated by assessing the CT numbers, vessel extraction ratios, and misclassification ratios. The vessel extraction ratios for main and subsegment branches reconstructed using DLR were significantly higher than those using other reconstruction algorithms (96.7% and 90.8% for pulmonary artery and vein, respectively). The misclassification ratios at the right upper lobe pulmonary vessels (V1 and V2) were especially high because they were close to the superior vena cava, and their CT numbers were similar in all four reconstructions. In conclusion, the DLR allows a high extraction rate of pulmonary blood vessels and a low misclassification rate of automatic extraction.


Assuntos
Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada , Aprendizado Profundo , Algoritmos , Angiografia , Humanos , Imageamento Tridimensional , Pneumonectomia , Doses de Radiação , Interpretação de Imagem Radiográfica Assistida por Computador , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Veia Cava Superior
4.
J Med Case Rep ; 15(1): 545, 2021 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34724972

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Dieulafoy's lesion, first found by Paul Georges Dieulafoy, is an infrequent but important cause of recurrent upper gastrointestinal bleeding. The bleeding is usually severe, but patients rarely present with chronic, occult gastrointestinal bleeding. CASE PRESENTATION: In this article, we discuss the case of a 68-year-old caucasian man with a history of recurrent hematemesis and chronic anemia with evidence of extravasation of contrast in the lumen of the bowel loop on computed tomography angiography. The patient was taken to the operating room, and a laparotomy procedure was performed. CONCLUSION: Due to the infrequency of Dieulafoy's lesion compared with other causes of gastrointestinal bleeding, it is often missed in the process of differential diagnosis. In this article, we have demonstrated the importance of this disease and different approaches to the treatment of this lesion, considering the location of the lesion among other factors.


Assuntos
Hemorragia Gastrointestinal , Hematemese , Idoso , Angiografia , Hemorragia Gastrointestinal/etiologia , Hematemese/etiologia , Humanos , Intestino Delgado/diagnóstico por imagem , Intestino Delgado/cirurgia , Masculino
5.
Radiographics ; 41(7): 2157-2175, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34723698

RESUMO

Hemorrhagic hereditary telangiectasia (HHT) is a rare autosomal dominant disorder that causes multisystem vascular malformations including mucocutaneous telangiectasias and arteriovenous malformations (AVMs). Clinical and genetic screening of patients with signs, symptoms, or a family history suggestive of HHT is recommended to confirm the diagnosis on the basis of the Curaçao criteria and prevent associated complications. Patients with HHT frequently have epistaxis and gastrointestinal bleeding from telangiectasias. Pulmonary AVMs are common right-to-left shunts between pulmonary arteries and veins that can result in dyspnea and exercise intolerance, heart failure, migraine headaches, stroke or transient ischemic attacks, brain abscesses, or in rare cases, pulmonary hemorrhage. Primary neurologic complications from cerebral AVMs, which can take on many forms, are less common but particularly severe complications of HHT. Multimodality imaging, including transthoracic echocardiography, Doppler US, CT, and MRI, is used in the screening and initial characterization of vascular lesions in patients with HHT. Diagnostic angiography is an important tool in characterization of and interventional treatments for HHT, particularly those in the lungs and central nervous system. A multidisciplinary approach to early diagnosis, treatment, imaging, and surveillance at high-volume HHT Centers of Excellence is recommended. Although a variety of idiopathic, traumatic, or genetic conditions can result in similar clinical and imaging features, the Curaçao criteria are particularly useful for the proper diagnosis of HHT. Imaging and treatment options are reviewed, with a focus on screening, diagnosis, and posttreatment findings, with the use of updated international guidelines. Online supplemental material is available for this article. ©RSNA, 2021.


Assuntos
Malformações Arteriovenosas , Veias Pulmonares , Telangiectasia Hemorrágica Hereditária , Angiografia , Humanos , Artéria Pulmonar , Telangiectasia Hemorrágica Hereditária/complicações , Telangiectasia Hemorrágica Hereditária/diagnóstico por imagem , Telangiectasia Hemorrágica Hereditária/terapia
6.
J Vis Exp ; (176)2021 10 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34661576

RESUMO

The retina within the eye is one of the most energy-demanding tissues in the body and thus requires high rates of oxygen delivery from a rich blood supply. The capillary lamina of the choroid lines the outer surface of the retina and is the dominating source of oxygen in most vertebrate retinas. However, this vascular bed is challenging to image with traditional optical techniques due to its position behind the highly light-absorbing retina. Here we describe a high-frequency ultrasound technique with subsequent flow-enhancement to image deep vascular beds (0.5-3 cm) of the eye with a high spatiotemporal resolution. This non-invasive method works well in species with nucleated red blood cells (non-mammalian and fetal animal models). It allows for the generation of non-invasive three-dimensional angiographies without the use of contrast agents, and it is independent of blood flow angles with a higher sensitivity than Doppler-based ultrasound imaging techniques.


Assuntos
Retina , Vasos Retinianos , Angiografia , Animais , Oxigênio , Retina/diagnóstico por imagem , Vasos Retinianos/diagnóstico por imagem , Ultrassonografia
7.
J Med Case Rep ; 15(1): 530, 2021 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34670622

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Vertebral artery dissection is an uncommon, but potentially fatal, vascular event. This case aimed to describe the pathogenesis and clinical presentation of vertebral artery dissection in a term pregnant patient. Moreover, we focused on the differential diagnosis, reviewing the available evidence. CASE PRESENTATION: A 39-year-old Caucasian woman presented at 38 + 4 weeks of gestation with a short-term history of vertigo, nausea, and vomiting. Symptoms appeared a few days after cervical spine manipulation by an osteopathic specialist. Urgent magnetic resonance imaging of the head was obtained and revealed an ischemic lesion of the right posterolateral portion of the brain bulb. A subsequent computed tomography angiographic scan of the head and neck showed a right vertebral artery dissection. Based on the correlation of the neurological manifestations and imaging findings, a diagnosis of vertebral artery dissection was established. The patient started low-dose acetylsalicylic acid and prophylactic enoxaparin following an urgent cesarean section. CONCLUSION: Vertebral artery dissection is a rare but potential cause of neurologic impairments in pregnancy and during the postpartum period. It should be considered in the differential diagnosis for women who present with headache and/or vertigo. Women with a history of migraines, hypertension, or autoimmune disorders in pregnancy are at higher risk, as well as following cervical spine manipulations. Prompt diagnosis and management of vertebral artery dissection are essential to ensure favorable outcomes.


Assuntos
Dissecação da Artéria Vertebral , Adulto , Angiografia , Vértebras Cervicais , Cesárea , Feminino , Humanos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Gravidez , Dissecação da Artéria Vertebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Dissecação da Artéria Vertebral/etiologia
8.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 101(38): 3152-3156, 2021 Oct 19.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34674426

RESUMO

In order to discuss the necessity of repeated renal arteriography in the treatment of severe bleeding after percutaneous nephrolithotomy, this study retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of patients with severe bleeding after percutaneous nephrolithotomy in the Department of Urology Surgery of the First Hospital of China Medical University from August 2010 to July 2020, summarily analyzing treatments, outcomes and follow-up results of 27 patients who were treated by renal arteriography more than twice. Of these 27 patients who underwent repeated renal arteriography, 23 of them were treated by two times, 4 by three times, all of whom were diagnosed as renal vascular injury. And 15 of them were diagnosed as pseudoaneurysm, 4 of them renal arteriovenous fistula, and 8 of them pseudoaneurysm combined with renal arteriovenous fistula. After clear diagnosis, all these patients were performed with renal artery embolization, after which the symptoms of hematuria and lumbar discomfort were relieved or disappeared immediately. These patients were followed up from 6 months to 5 years, without corresponding symptoms recurring and with the renal function equivalent to that before embolization. The results showed that repeated renal arteriography was of great significance in the treatment of patients with severe bleeding after percutaneous nephrolithotomy, helping to clarify the cause of bleeding and giving appropriate and timely treatment.


Assuntos
Nefrolitotomia Percutânea , Nefrostomia Percutânea , Angiografia , Hemorragia , Humanos , Nefrolitotomia Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Estudos Retrospectivos
10.
Medicina UPB ; 40(2): 84-87, 13 oct. 2021. Ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1342239

RESUMO

Se describe el caso de un paciente de 70 años que consultó por cefalea súbita, tipo trueno, sin alteración del estado de consciencia, acompañada de dolor torácico de una hora de evolución y de baja intensidad. A su ingreso fue enfocado como cefalea en trueno, que es clasificada, en cuanto a la atención, como bandera roja. La medición de troponina fue negativa y una tomografía de cráneo fue leída como normal. Desde el ingreso presentaba signos vitales normales, cuando iba a ser dado de alta se torna hipotenso (completamente asintomático) y por su síntoma cardinal (cefalea), que se asoció a dolor torácico leve y no anginoso, se solicitó angiotomografía toracoabdominal, con la que se demostró aneurisma disecante de la aorta. Con la presentación de este caso, se busca resaltar la importancia en el servicio de urgencias de la asociación de la cefalea tipo trueno, con condiciones vasculares como la disección aórtica.


We describe the case of a 70-year-old patient, who seeks medical advice due to sudden, thunder headache, without alteration of the state of consciousness, accompanied by chest pain of 1 hour of evolution and of low intensity. Upon his admission, the patient was treated as a thunderclap headache, which is considered a red flag. His troponin was negative, and his head tomography was interpreted as normal. From admission he had normal vital signs, but when he was going to be discharged, he became hypotensive (completely asymptomatic) and due to his cardinal symptom (headache) that was asso-ciated with mild non-anginal chest pain, a thoracoabdominal angioCT was requested, with which dissecting aneurysm of the aorta was evidenced. With the presentation of this case, we seek to highlight the importance of the association of thunder-type headache with possible vascular conditions such as aortic dissection in the emergency department.


Descrevemos o caso de uma paciente de 70 anos que consultou por quadro de cefaleia súbita, tipo trovão, sem alteração do estado de consciência, acompanhada de dor torácica de uma hora de evolução e de baixa intensidade. Na admissão, foi tratado como cefaleia em trovoada, que é classificada, em termos de atenção, como bandeira vermelha. A me-dição da troponina foi negativa e uma tomografia de crânio foi lida como normal. Desde a admissão apresentava sinais vitais normais, quando ia receber alta ficou hipotenso (totalmente assintomático) e devido ao seu sintoma cardinal (cefaleia), que se associou a dores torácicas ligeiras e não anginosas, foi solicitada angiografia toracoabdominal, com cujo aneurisma dissecante da aorta foi demonstrado. Com a apresentação deste caso, o objetivo é destacar a importância no pronto-socorro da associação da cefaleia do tipo trovão com afecções vasculares como a dissecção da aorta.


Assuntos
Humanos , Aneurisma Dissecante , Aorta , Dor no Peito , Angiografia , Cefaleia
13.
Cesk Slov Oftalmol ; 77(5): 232-241, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34666492

RESUMO

AIMS: Present the use of Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography (OCTA) in vitreoretinal interface diseases and results of macular capillary network evaluation before and after idiopathic macular hole surgery (IMD). METHODOLOGY: Prospective evaluation of functional results, anatomical and OCTA findings before and after IMD surgery. The group consists of 8 eyes of eight patients. Preoperatively and 1, 3 and 6 months after surgery, the best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) was examined, fundus photography was performed, examination of the macula by spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD OCT), determination of the stage of IMD according to Gases and also OCTA examination. The area of the foveal avascular zone (FAZ) and vascular density (VD) were evaluated by using of the OCTA. The operation was performed in all cases by transconjunctival suture 25G vitrectomy by one surgeon, always peeling the inner limiting membrane. An expansive gas, 7x 20% SF6, 1x 15% C3F8, was used for vitreous tamponade. RESULTS: In all 8 cases, the primary closure of the IMD occurred after the operation. The mean BCVA improved statistically significantly from 0.74 to 0.48 logMAR (p = 0.0023). The average FAZ area decreased from 0.345 mm² to 0.25 mm² after surgery (p = 0.0458). The mean VD increased from 7.93 mm-1 to 8.38 mm-1 (p = 0.2959). CONCLUSIONS: Assessment of the macular capillary network in patients with diseases of the vitreoretinal interface offers new findings and important details that can lead to prognostic information and a better understanding of the pathogenesis of the disease. We demonstrated a statistically significant reduction in FAZ in the eyes after successful IMD surgery and an indirect relationship between the improvement of BCVA and the change in FAZ area in our cohort.


Assuntos
Membrana Epirretiniana , Perfurações Retinianas , Angiografia , Membrana Epirretiniana/cirurgia , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica , Acuidade Visual , Vitrectomia
14.
Am J Case Rep ; 22: e933187, 2021 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34610006

RESUMO

BACKGROUND Although bronchial arteries are the most common cause of hemoptysis, other systemic arteries can cause hemoptysis and are potential pitfalls for successful embolization. CASE REPORT We present 6 cases of hemoptysis showing vascularization from systemic arteries other than bronchial arteries that presented to our department between 2013 and 2020. Chronic inflammatory diseases such as tuberculosis and pulmonary aspergillosis were the underlying diseases in 4 of the 6 cases. In all 6 cases, the lesions were close to the pleura. The abnormal non-bronchial systemic arteries were the internal thoracic artery in 4 cases, intercostal artery in 2 cases, lateral thoracic artery in 2 cases, and the subclavian, thyrocervical, and inferior phrenic arteries in 1 case each, all of which formed a shunt with the pulmonary artery. Additionally, depending on the location of the lesion, the non-bronchial systemic arteries near the lesion proliferated into the lung parenchyma through the adherent pleura. CONCLUSIONS When lesions are in contact with the pleura, various non-bronchial systemic arteries near the lesion can develop in the pulmonary parenchyma via the adherent pleura, which can cause hemoptysis. In patients with hemoptysis, it may be useful to evaluate chest contrast-enhanced computed tomography and angiography, while always accounting for the potential involvement of non-bronchial systemic arteries to ensure a safer and more reliable treatment.


Assuntos
Artérias Brônquicas , Embolização Terapêutica , Angiografia , Artérias Brônquicas/diagnóstico por imagem , Hemoptise/etiologia , Humanos , Pulmão
15.
J Card Surg ; 36(12): 4604-4610, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34637169

RESUMO

AIM: To evaluate the morphology and associated cardiovascular abnormalities in patients with an anomalous subaortic course of brachiocephalic vein on multidetector computed tomography (CT) angiography. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective study was performed at a tertiary referral institute to identify patients with subaortic brachiocephalic vein on multidetector CT (MDCT) angiography using dual source CT scanner between January 2014 and July 2021. The morphology of the subaortic brachiocephalic vein along with the cardiovascular anatomy and associated anomalies were evaluated. RESULTS: Out of 4349 patients who had undergone MDCT angiography for evaluation of congenital heart diseases, we identified 126 (2.9%) patients with subaortic brachiocephalic vein. The subaortic brachiocephalic vein was left-sided in 125 patients while a right-sided subaortic brachiocephalic vein was identified in a patient with left isomerism. Common cardiovascular associations included tetralogy of Fallot (109/126; 88.1%), double outlet right ventricle (8/126; 6.3%) and common arterial trunk (5/126; 3.9%). The presence of a right aortic arch was seen in 78/126 (62%) patients. Some degree of right ventricular outflow obstruction was present in 119/126 (94.4%) patients; pulmonary stenosis was seen in 78 (62%) patients while pulmonary atresia was seen in 41 (32.5%) patients. CONCLUSION: A subaortic brachiocephalic vein can coexist with various complex congenital heart diseases, most commonly tetralogy of Fallot and commonly associated with right aortic arch and pulmonary stenosis/atresia. It is important to identify this anomalous course of brachiocephalic vein before performing surgical procedures or venous catheterization to avoid potential complications.


Assuntos
Veias Braquiocefálicas , Síndrome de Heterotaxia , Angiografia , Veias Braquiocefálicas/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Tomografia Computadorizada Multidetectores , Estudos Retrospectivos
16.
Actas Urol Esp (Engl Ed) ; 45(9): 597-603, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34688599

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Priapism is a prolonged erection that lasts longer than four hours. It is a rare pathology in the pediatric population, with an estimation of 0.3-1.5 per 100,000 children per year. The diagnostic sequence includes clinical history, physical examination and penile Doppler ultrasound (PDUS). Puncture of corpora cavernosa is not always necessary to establish the differential diagnosis between high-flow and low-flow priapism. The treatment of choice in pediatric age is not well defined. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Multicentric, retrospective and descriptive study including patients under 14 years with high-flow priapism between 2010 and 2020. RESULTS: A total of seven patients were diagnosed with high-flow priapism. None of them required puncture of the corpora cavernosa. Patients were treated with a conservative management, two patients required superselective arterial embolization due to persistent symptoms. CONCLUSIONS: High-flow priapism is a very rare entity in pediatric age; therefore, knowing the proper diagnosis and management is crucial. Currently, penile doppler ultrasound is enough for diagnosis in most cases and allows obviating the use of blood gas analysis. Children should be initially treated with a conservative management, reserving embolization for refractory cases.


Assuntos
Priapismo , Angiografia , Criança , Humanos , Masculino , Ereção Peniana , Pênis , Priapismo/etiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos
17.
Radiographics ; 41(6): 1632-1656, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34597220

RESUMO

Gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding is a common potentially life-threatening medical condition frequently requiring multidisciplinary collaboration to reach the proper diagnosis and guide management. GI bleeding can be overt (eg, visible hemorrhage such as hematemesis, hematochezia, or melena) or occult (eg, positive fecal occult blood test or iron deficiency anemia). Upper GI bleeding, which originates proximal to the ligament of Treitz, is more common than lower GI bleeding, which arises distal to the ligament of Treitz. Small bowel bleeding accounts for 5-10% of GI bleeding cases commonly manifesting as obscure GI bleeding, where the source remains unknown after complete GI tract endoscopic and imaging evaluation. CT can aid in identifying the location and cause of bleeding and is an important complementary tool to endoscopy, nuclear medicine, and angiography in evaluating patients with GI bleeding. For radiologists, interpreting CT scans in patients with GI bleeding can be challenging owing to the large number of images and the diverse potential causes of bleeding. The purpose of this pictorial review by the Society of Abdominal Radiology GI Bleeding Disease-Focused Panel is to provide a practical resource for radiologists interpreting GI bleeding CT studies that reviews the proper GI bleeding terminology, the most common causes of GI bleeding, key patient history and risk factors, the optimal CT imaging technique, and guidelines for case interpretation and illustrates many common causes of GI bleeding. A CT reporting template is included to help generate radiology reports that can add value to patient care. An invited commentary by Al Hawary is available online. Online supplemental material is available for this article. ©RSNA, 2021.


Assuntos
Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada , Gastroenteropatias , Angiografia , Endoscopia Gastrointestinal , Hemorragia Gastrointestinal/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
18.
BMC Ophthalmol ; 21(1): 328, 2021 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34503457

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to investigate diagnostic ability of peripapillary vessel density of primary angle closure glaucoma (PACG) eyes in quadrant and clock-hour sectors by optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA). METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study on forty-one PACG patients (41eyes) and twenty-seven healthy subjects (27 eyes). All subjects underwent OCTA (DRI OCT Triton; Topcon Corporation, Tokyo, Japan) and peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thickness imaging with swept-source optical coherence tomography (OCT). The peripapillary vessel density of quadrant and clock-hour sectors was quantified by imageJ software. The diagnostic capability of OCTA and OCT parameters was evaluated by the areas under the receiver operating characteristics curves (AUCs). Pearson correlation analysis or Spearman correlation test was used to evaluate the correlation between vessel density parameters and related factors. RESULTS: Compared with the control group, the peripapillary vessel density of glaucomatous group was lower to different degrees in the four quadrants and each clock-hour sectors, and vessel density reduced most at 7 o'clock. The difference between the diagnostic ability of peripapillary vessel density and peripapillary RNFL thickness was not statistically significant, except 4 o'clock and inferior quadrant. The inferior quadrant peripapillary vessel density had the best diagnostic value (AUC0.969), followed by the 7 o'clock vessel density (AUC0.964), average vessel density (AUC0.939) and the 7 o'clock RNFL thickness (AUC0.919). The average peripapillary vessel density was correlated with average RNFL and visual field (VF) mean deviation (P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: In PACG, the diagnostic ability of the peripapillary vessel density is equivalent to the peripapillary RNFL thickness. Understanding spatial characteristics of the peripapillary vessel density in PACG may be helpful for clinical diagnosis and monitoring the progress of diseases.


Assuntos
Glaucoma de Ângulo Fechado , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica , Angiografia , Estudos Transversais , Glaucoma de Ângulo Fechado/diagnóstico , Humanos , Fibras Nervosas
19.
J Int Med Res ; 49(9): 3000605211044358, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34521245

RESUMO

Hemoptysis in children is caused by various factors, the most common of which is basic lung disease or heart disease. Aortopulmonary collateral arteries (APCAs) are blood vessels that originate from the aorta or its branches and provide blood flow to the pulmonary tissues. We herein report a rare case of APCAs without abnormal structures in the heart. The patient was a previously healthy boy with APCAs originating from the descending aorta. He had no history of congenital heart disease and developed repeated episodes of cryptogenic hemoptysis during his school-age years. Arteriography examination facilitated the diagnosis of APCAs. After embolization, the patient developed no further hemoptysis during 10 months of follow-up. Arteriography is of great significance in determining the cause of recurrent cryptogenic hemoptysis.


Assuntos
Embolização Terapêutica , Cardiopatias Congênitas , Angiografia , Aorta/diagnóstico por imagem , Criança , Hemoptise/etiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Artéria Pulmonar/diagnóstico por imagem
20.
Comput Biol Med ; 137: 104824, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34488029

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patient movement during bolus tracking (BT) impairs the accuracy of Hounsfield unit (HU) measurements. This study assesses the accuracy of measuring HU values in the internal carotid artery (ICA) using an original deep learning (DL)-based method as compared with using the conventional region of interest (ROI) setting method. METHOD: A total of 722 BT images of 127 patients who underwent cerebral computed tomography angiography were selected retrospectively and divided into groups for training data, validation data, and test data. To segment the ICA using our proposed method, DL was performed using a convolutional neural network. The HU values in the ICA were obtained using our DL-based method and the ROI setting method. The ROI setting was performed with and without correcting for patient body movement (corrected ROI and settled ROI). We compared the proposed DL-based method with settled ROI to evaluate HU value differences from the corrected ROI, based on whether or not patients experienced involuntary movement during BT image acquisition. RESULTS: Differences in HU values from the corrected ROI in the settled ROI and the proposed method were 23.8 ± 12.7 HU and 9.0 ± 6.4 HU in patients with body movement and 1.1 ± 1.6 HU and 3.9 ± 4.7 HU in patients without body movement, respectively. There were significant differences in both comparisons (P < 0.01). CONCLUSION: DL-based method can improve the accuracy of HU value measurements for ICA in BT images with patient involuntary movement.


Assuntos
Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada , Aprendizado Profundo , Angiografia , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...