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1.
Inquiry ; 60: 469580221142477, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36604784

RESUMO

The association between retirement and functioning remains still poorly known. This scoping review examines physical, social, cognitive, and mental functioning after retirement, describes the changes in them, determines the different aspects that affect functioning, and documents the main characteristics of the phenomenon. We systematically scoped the relevant studies on functioning after retirement using CINAHL, MEDLINE, Medic, and PubMed databases. This scoping review included both qualitative and quantitative studies. The studies were analysed with inductive content analysis. After retirement, functioning was found to decline but also improve, and additionally, inequalities in functioning emerged. Functioning after retirement changed in ways which were: declining functioning, improving functioning, and inequalities in functioning. Only a few qualitative studies were found. This scoping review shows that functioning after retirement changes in varying ways. The results show that more qualitative research is needed to help us gain a more profound understanding on, for example, individuals' motives to improve leisure, physical, and social activities after retirement, which are likely to contribute to changes in functioning. Additionally, further longitudinal studies would offer knowledge about the long-term effects of retirement on the different dimensions of functioning.


Assuntos
Aposentadoria , Humanos , Aposentadoria/psicologia , Estudos Longitudinais , Inquéritos e Questionários
2.
J Epidemiol Community Health ; 77(2): 81-88, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36600558

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Emergency employment programmes during the 1930s and 1940s invested income, infrastructure and social services into communities affected by the Great Depression. We estimate the long-term associations of growing up in an area exposed to New Deal emergency employment in 1940 with cognitive functioning in later life. METHODS: Members of the Health and Retirement Study cohort (N=5095; mean age 66.3 at baseline) who were age 0-17 in 1940 were linked to their census record from that year, providing prospective information about childhood contextual and family circumstances. We estimated the association between subcounty-level emergency employment participation in 1940 and baseline cognition and rate of cognitive decline between 1998 and 2016. RESULTS: Compared with those living in the lowest emergency employment quintile in 1940, those who were exposed to moderate levels of emergency employment (third quintile) had better cognitive functioning in 1998 (b=0.092 SD, 95% CI 0.011 to 0.173), conditional on sociodemographic factors. This effect was modestly attenuated after adjusting for respondents' adult education, finances and health factors. There were no significant effects of area-level emergency employment on rate of cognitive decline. CONCLUSIONS: Exposure to New Deal employment policies during childhood is associated with long-term cognitive health benefits. This is partially explained by increases in educational attainment among those with greater levels of emergency employment activity in the place where they were raised. Future research should investigate which types of New Deal investments may most be related to long-term cognitive health, or if the associations we observe are due to co-occurring programmes.


Assuntos
Censos , Aposentadoria , Adulto , Humanos , Idoso , Recém-Nascido , Lactente , Pré-Escolar , Criança , Adolescente , Aposentadoria/psicologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Emprego/psicologia , Cognição
3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36673653

RESUMO

Pau Gasol announced his retirement on 5 October 2021. Subsequently, a number of users virtually reacted. Twitter is one of the most popular social media platforms, with more than 368 million active users, generating large-scale social data. This study used data from Twitter for analyzing social sensing related to an individual brand, Pau Gasol's retirement announcement, from a quantitative and qualitative content analysis perspective. Pau Gasol's farewell can be considered a unique event to which many people are emotionally attached, providing a great opportunity for understanding sports virtual ecosystems. A total of 2089 tweets in the English language were recovered from Tuesday 5 October 2021 at 3:00 to Thursday 7 October 2021 at 23:59, Greenwich Mean Time +00:00 time zone. During this time, posts were observed to be mainly influential during and right after Pau Gasol's ceremony. The tweets that created more impact were published by news sources or by sports reporters. Lastly, the themes that emerged showed that the Los Angeles Lakers and the NBA were the two most important milestones in Pau Gasol's career. The data can be used to detect potential areas of controversy or other issues to be addressed in order to preserve the athlete's public image. These results are considered of interest for reaching better knowledge of sport virtual environments through social sensing, supporting the idea of users acting as sensors.


Assuntos
Mídias Sociais , Humanos , Aposentadoria , Ecossistema , Idioma , Registros
4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36673853

RESUMO

With gradual progress in the medical field and the rising living standard of people, the life expectancy of people is gradually increasing. Unfortunately, this positive development contributes significantly to the aging of societies and creates huge challenges for pension systems. In order to mitigate the pressure on its pension system in the coming years, China is considering increasing the retirement age, just like many other countries. Based on the wage data of urban employees, pension revenue and expenditure data of employees in Anhui Province over the years, we constructed a model to predict average wages and forecast the revenue of the urban pension system from 2022 to 2032. We predicted the pension revenues by simulating an adjusted retirement age under two different schemes. The results of the study showed that the policies of appropriately increasing the retirement age can raise pension revenue. Compared with a one-step retirement age change scheme, a rolling retirement age change scheme that increases the retirement age by several months each year was found to be more suitable for the healthy development of the pension system.


Assuntos
Pensões , Aposentadoria , Humanos , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Políticas , Expectativa de Vida
5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36674007

RESUMO

Mental health problems have become a major public health problem worldwide and are more common among middle-aged and elderly people in China. Research on the effect of education on depression is limited, and whether the relationship between education and depression changes over the life course remains unclear. This study was based on the cross-sectional data of 15,767 middle-aged and elderly individuals in the 2018 tracking survey (Wave 4) of the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS) database. Multiple linear regression and bootstrap methods were developed to detect the mediating effect of education on depression. In all samples or different age groups, education was significantly positively associated with depression. Three mediators (economic level, health-related lifestyle, and cognitive level) were significantly positively associated with depression, and cognitive level had a greater effect on depression than economic level and health-related lifestyle. The total, direct, and indirect effects of the whole samples and elderly samples were significant; however, the direct effect of the middle-aged samples was insignificant, and the total and indirect effects of the three mediating pathways were all significant, that is, economic level, health-related lifestyle, and cognitive level should produce complete mediation. The multiple linear regression and bootstrap methods could successfully detect the mediating effect of education on depression. On the basis of the education, economic level, health-related lifestyle, cognitive level, and depression of middle-aged and elderly people, we established and compared the total, direct, and mediating effects of education on depression under the life course. The mediating variables should be further increased, and the measurement methods of depression should be developed to improve the credibility of the research results.


Assuntos
Acontecimentos que Mudam a Vida , Aposentadoria , Idoso , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Humanos , Aposentadoria/psicologia , Estudos Longitudinais , Estudos Transversais , Escolaridade , China/epidemiologia
6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36674169

RESUMO

The substantial rise in hospital costs over recent years is associated with the rapid increase in the older age population. This study addresses an empirical gap in the literature concerning the determinants of high hospital costs in a group of older patients in Europe. The objective of the study is to examine the association of patient health status with in-hospital costs among older people across European countries. We used the data from the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE) database. The analysis included 9671 patients from 18 European countries. We considered socio-demographic, lifestyle and clinical variables as possible factors influencing in-hospital costs. Univariate and multivariable logistic regression analyses were used to determine the determinants of in-hospital costs. To benchmark the hospital costs across European countries, we used the cost-outlier methodology. Rates of hospital cost outliers among older people varies from 5.80 to 12.65% across Europe. Factors associated with extremely high in-patient costs differ among European countries. In most countries, they include the length of stay in the hospital, comorbidities, functional mobility and physical activity. The treatment of older people reporting heart attack, diabetes, chronic lung disease and cancer are more often connected with cost outliers. The risk of being a cost outlier increased by 20% with each day spent in the hospital. We advocate that including patient characteristics in the reimbursement system could provide a relatively simple strategy for reducing hospitals' financial risk connected with exceptionally costly cases.


Assuntos
Custos de Cuidados de Saúde , Aposentadoria , Humanos , Idoso , Envelhecimento , Europa (Continente)/epidemiologia , Nível de Saúde
7.
BMC Public Health ; 23(1): 194, 2023 Jan 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36709282

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Health-related behaviors may change after retirement and induce changes in the mental health. This systematic review aimed to investigate the nature of changes in physical activity and leisure activities, as well as the relationship between physical activity, leisure, and psychological adjustment among retirees. METHODS: Search of papers was done in three electronic databases of PubMed, ISI Web of Science, and Scopus without constraints on time, geographical regions, or languages in February 2022. The papers that had examined the relationship between physical activity and adjustment among retirees using observational design (cross-sectional or longitudinal) were included in the present study. To evaluate the methodological quality of cross-sectional studies, Joanna Briggs Institute (JBI) Critical Appraisal Checklist, and for longitudinal studies, Newcastle-Ottawa Scale (NOS) were used. RESULTS: The search results identified 1458 records. Twenty-six papers were included in this review based on the inclusion and exclusion criteria. The findings of most of these studies indicated a significant positive correlation between physical activity, leisure, and psychological adjustment in retirees. Retirees were mostly engaged in passive leisure activities such as reading, watching TV and movies, and less engaged in physical activities, sport, or physical exercise. General organized assessment of the total physical activity among retirees was not possible. CONCLUSIONS: Based on the study findings, it can be stated that there is a positive correlation between physical activity, leisure, and the retirees' adjustment. Usage of the same and valid measurement method specific to old age and retirement period can be useful in more precise assessment of physical activity and its association with adjustment among retirees.


Assuntos
Ajustamento Emocional , Exercício Físico , Humanos , Estudos Transversais , Atividades de Lazer , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Aposentadoria/psicologia
8.
BMC Public Health ; 23(1): 131, 2023 Jan 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36653815

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Self-rated health, a subjective health outcome that summarizes an individual's health conditions in one indicator, is widely used in population health studies. However, despite its demonstrated ability as a predictor of mortality, we still do not full understand the relative importance of the specific health conditions that lead respondents to answer the way they do when asked to rate their overall health. Here, education, because of its ability to identify different social strata, can be an important factor in this self-rating process. The aim of this article is to explore possible differences in association pattern between self-rated health and functional health conditions (IADLs, ADLs), chronic diseases, and mental health (depression) among European women and men between the ages of 65 and 79 according to educational attainment (low, medium, and high). METHODS: Classification trees (J48 algorithm), an established machine learning technique that has only recently started to be used in social sciences, are used to predict self-rated health outcomes. The data about the aforementioned health conditions among European women and men aged between 65 and 79 comes from the sixth wave of the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE) (n = 27,230). RESULTS: It is confirmed the high ability to predict respondents' self-rated health by their reports related to their chronic diseases, IADLs, ADLs, and depression. However, in the case of women, these patterns are much more heterogeneous when the level of educational attainment is considered, whereas among men the pattern remains largely the same. CONCLUSIONS: The same response to the self-rated health question may, in the case of women, represent different health profiles in terms of the health conditions that define it. As such, gendered health inequalities defined by education appear to be evident even in the process of evaluating one's own health status.


Assuntos
Nível de Saúde , Aposentadoria , Masculino , Humanos , Feminino , Idoso , Escolaridade , Envelhecimento , Doença Crônica
9.
BMJ ; 380: e072308, 2023 01 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36596583

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To examine labour market participation and retirement among patients with stroke and matched people in the general population according to stroke subtype. DESIGN: Nationwide, population based, matched cohort study. SETTING: Danish Stroke Registry, covering all Danish hospitals, and other nationwide registries (2005-18). PARTICIPANTS: Patients (aged 18-60 years and active in the labour market) with a first time diagnosis of ischaemic stroke (n=16 577), intracerebral haemorrhage (n=2025), or subarachnoid haemorrhage (n=4305), and individuals from the general population, matched on age, sex, and calendar year (n=134 428). The median Scandinavian stroke scale score was 55. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Unweighted prevalences of labour market participation, receipt of sick leave benefits, receipt of disability pension, voluntary early retirement, state pension, and death were computed for each week and up to five years after stroke diagnosis. A log-linear Poisson model was used to obtain exact prevalence estimates as well as propensity score weighted prevalence differences and prevalence ratios at six months, one year, two years, and five years after stroke diagnosis. RESULTS: Most patients (62% of those with ischaemic stroke, 69% of those with intracerebral haemorrhage, and 52% of those with subarachnoid haemorrhage) went on sick leave within three weeks of diagnosis. Prevalence of labour market participation among patients with ischaemic stroke compared with matched individuals from the general population was 56.6% versus 96.6% at six months, and 63.9% versus 91.6% at two years. Prevalence of sick leave was 39.8% versus 2.6% at six months, and 15.8% versus 3.8% at two years. Prevalence of receipt of a disability pension was 0.9% versus 0.2% at six months, and 12.2% versus 0.6% at two years. Adjusting for socioeconomic and comorbidity differences between patients and matched individuals from the general population using propensity score weighting methods had little impact on contrasts. Patients with intracerebral haemorrhage had higher prevalences of sick leave and receipt of a disability pension and thus a lower prevalence of labour market participation, while prevalences for patients with subarachnoid haemorrhage were similar in magnitude to those for patients with ischaemic stroke. CONCLUSIONS: In a highly resourced country, about two thirds of working age adults with ischaemic stroke of primarily mild severity participated in the labour market two years after diagnosis. Sick leave and receipt of a disability pension were the most common reasons for non-participation. Patients with intracerebral haemorrhage were less likely to return to the labour market than patients with ischaemic stroke and subarachnoid haemorrhage.


Assuntos
Isquemia Encefálica , AVC Isquêmico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Hemorragia Subaracnóidea , Adulto , Humanos , Estudos de Coortes , Aposentadoria , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/epidemiologia , Hemorragia Subaracnóidea/epidemiologia , Isquemia Encefálica/epidemiologia , Pensões , Sistema de Registros , Licença Médica , Hemorragia Cerebral/epidemiologia , Dinamarca/epidemiologia
11.
Instr Course Lect ; 72: 71-78, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36534847

RESUMO

Everyone ages-some more gracefully than others. The changes associated with aging are well known but not often discussed. Age-related changes in surgeons may eventually lead to a need for the surgeon to stop operating or even retire. It may be difficult for the surgeon to recognize these changes, but there may be some telltale signs. If the surgeon is not able to interpret that it is time to retire, others may need to step in. Physician assessment of surgeons may be requested or required by employers or hospital credentialing committees. Although not widespread, such practices are becoming more popular. There are modern means of assessment, which include written screening examinations and actual personal professional assessment by a qualified physician evaluator. If retirement or career change is necessary, it must be carefully planned and executed for the surgeon to bow out gracefully.


Assuntos
Cirurgiões , Humanos , Envelhecimento , Aposentadoria
12.
Soc Sci Res ; 109: 102783, 2023 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36470634

RESUMO

Retirement timing is associated with health and economic outcomes for older adults. However, it is unclear how the pressures of supporting older parents and young adult children are associated with retirement. This study uses a life course perspective to consider how the linked lives of working older adults and their support of adult children and parents are associated with retirement. Cox proportional hazard models are estimated using the Health and Retirement Study (1992-2014) to assess the relationship between intergenerational support exchanges and retirement timing by gender and race/ethnicity. Providing most types of intergenerational support and especially providing time support are associated with an increased risk of retirement. Unlike all other respondents, Hispanic women providing intergenerational time support have similar retirement risks as those not providing any intergenerational support. These differing patterns by race/ethnicity suggest that earlier life course trajectories may shape older adults' ability to respond to family needs.


Assuntos
Etnicidade , Aposentadoria , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Adulto Jovem , Crianças Adultas , Hispânico ou Latino , Relação entre Gerações , Pais
13.
Soc Sci Med ; 317: 115630, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36580861

RESUMO

This study examines the heterogenous effects of informal caregiving on caregivers' health and well-being and the mechanisms of the effects, which remain largely undiscussed in previous literature. We used a combined estimation of fixed effects and the instrumental variables to address unobserved time-invariant individual characteristics and the endogeneity problem between caregivers' health and caregiving status. Using data from the four waves of the Japanese Study of Aging and Retirement collected in 2007, 2009, 2011, and 2013, and covering individuals aged 50 to 75 at the baselines, we found robust evidence of the negative effects of informal caregiving on caregivers' mental health and life satisfaction, but not on their physical health. Regarding heterogenous effects, we found that informal caregiving adversely affected female but not male caregivers' mental health and life satisfaction. Our results also showed that informal caregiving had greater effects on individuals providing care for their mothers-in-law, with a higher socioeconomic status, living with their in-laws, and belonging to younger groups. Our results indicated that the loss of social networks and leisure and social activities were channels through which informal caregiving might negatively affect caregivers' health and well-being. This study provides suggestions that policy makers may use to mitigate the negative effects of caregiving with targeted interventions, while formulating policies to support informal caregivers.


Assuntos
Cuidadores , Aposentadoria , Humanos , Feminino , Cuidadores/psicologia , Classe Social , Atividades de Lazer , Família
14.
J Affect Disord ; 324: 433-439, 2023 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36586609

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cognitive impairment among older people is an important public health problem in developing countries. Therefore, it is necessary to identify the subtypes of cognitive function among older people in China, and explore the transformation patterns and influencing factors. METHODS: Longitudinal data from the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS) were used, and included 2140 women and 2049 men aged over 60 years. Latent profile and latent transition analysis (LPA<A) were used to identify subgroups and transitions between the profiles over time. Influencing factors were identified by multinomial logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: According to the LPA model, three subgroups of cognitive function were identified: Cognitive Impairment, Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI) and Normal Cognitive Function. Concurrently, >50 % of participants were likely to progress to MCI after seven years, whereas participants with cognitive impairment had a probability of 54.2 % of transitioning to a better cognitive profile. Older adults are less likely to experience cognitive improvement, higher levels of education affect changes in cognition, and having depression are at a lower risk of cognitive decline. LIMITATIONS: Due to the incompleteness of the cognitive assessment and the large time span, there was a certain bias in the classification and analysis of latent cognitive profiles. CONCLUSION: This study identified three latent profiles among Chinese older people and showed the stability and heterogeneity. It demonstrated the effects of higher age or levels of education, and depression on changes in cognitive function in older people.


Assuntos
Disfunção Cognitiva , Masculino , Humanos , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Estudos Longitudinais , Cognição , Disfunção Cognitiva/epidemiologia , Disfunção Cognitiva/psicologia , Aposentadoria , China/epidemiologia
15.
J Hypertens ; 41(1): 187-193, 2023 01 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36321393

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Retirement is a major life event characterized by removal of work-related stressors and changes in health behaviours. The association between retirement and changes in blood pressure (BP), and particularly in ambulatory BP, has been scarcely studied. We aimed to examine changes in ambulatory BP during retirement transition. METHODS: Two hundred and fifty ageing workers (mean age 63.2 years, 84% women) from the Finnish Retirement and Aging study participated in annual office BP measurements and 114 (mean age 63.1, 90% women) of them underwent annual ambulatory BP measurements before and after retirement. On average, the participants provided data on ambulatory BP at 2.7 (range 2-4) measurements. We used generalized linear models to examine BP changes at retirement. RESULTS: Most marked changes in BP during the follow-up were observed for asleep SBP, which decreased before retirement, increased during retirement transition and plateaued after retirement (before retirement vs. retirement transition P  = 0.07 and after retirement vs. retirement transition P  = 0.02). Awake SBP and 24-h SBP declined with most apparent decrease before retirement (before retirement vs. retirement transition P  = 0.07 and P  = 0.07). Awake DBP and 24-h DBP showed relatively consistent decline throughout the follow-up with no differences between the time periods. SBP and DBP dipping reduced before and during retirement transition, but not after retirement. Among shift workers, asleep BP increased and BP dipping decreased more than in regular day workers. CONCLUSION: Retirement was found to associate with beneficial changes in awake BP but unfavourable changes in asleep BP, especially in shift workers.


Assuntos
Monitorização Ambulatorial da Pressão Arterial , Hipertensão , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Masculino , Pressão Sanguínea/fisiologia , Aposentadoria , Ritmo Circadiano , Fatores de Risco
16.
Econ Hum Biol ; 48: 101211, 2023 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36563580

RESUMO

The current literature investigating the impact of retirement and the associated spousal spillover effects overlooks the unintended effects of retirement on spouses in vulnerable health, namely spouses with long-term health conditions (LTHCs). In this paper, we fill this gap in the literature and investigate the impact of an individual's retirement on their partner's health outcomes when their partner has LTHCs. Given the inherent identification challenges associated with entry into retirement, we use the pension-qualifying age in Australia as an instrument. Based on data from the Household Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia survey, we find that the husband's retirement has a positive impact on the wife's quality-adjusted life years (QALY) and other physical and mental health outcomes. We also identify redistribution of domestic workload as a key transmission mechanism of the spousal spillover effects. Women with LTHCs will see their QALY and health improve only if their husband devotes more time to domestic tasks after retirement.


Assuntos
Aposentadoria , Cônjuges , Humanos , Feminino , Aposentadoria/psicologia , Cônjuges/psicologia , Emprego , Austrália/epidemiologia
17.
Nicotine Tob Res ; 25(1): 50-57, 2023 01 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35764073

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Socio-economic inequalities in smoking and related health problems are a public health concern worldwide. To support the development of effective tobacco control policies, this study examines trends in smoking rates according to socio-economic status (SES) in China. AIMS AND METHODS: We analyzed data from repeated cross-sectional China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS) on adults aged ≥45 years for the years 2011 and 2018, which involved 16 471 participants in 2011 and 19 367 in 2018. We then estimated the SES of individuals based on four types of wealth-related variables, namely, education, occupation, household characteristics, and durable consumer goods. Principal-component analysis was conducted to measure SES, and the Erreygers normalised concentration index (ECI) was used to calculate socio-economic inequality in current smoking by gender, age, and region. RESULTS: The overall ECI (95% confidence interval) for women was -0.042 (-0.054 to -0.031) and -0.038 (-0.047 to -0.029) for 2011 and 2018, respectively. The ECI (95% confidence interval) for men was -0.077 (-0.101 to -0.050) and -0.019 (-0.042 to 0.005) for 2011 and 2018, respectively. The inequality in smoking by SES for adults aged < 60 years in the Northeast region increased during 2011-2018, from -0.069 (-0.144 to 0.006) to -0.119 (-0.199 to -0.038) for women and from 0.009 (-0.115 to 0.132) to -0.164 (-0.296 to -0.032) for men. CONCLUSIONS: smoking inequality by socio-economic among adults aged ≥45 years declined in recent years in China. However, smoking inequality by SES increased in other population groups. IMPLICATIONS: Our research indicated that socio-economic inequality of current smoking among residents aged 45 years and older declined in 2018 when compared with 2011 numbers, particularly for men aged ≥ 60 years. Women in the Northeast region displayed more significant smoking inequality by SES than women in other regions did. During the study period, there was an increase in inequality in smoking by SES for adults aged < 60 years in the Northeast region. Thus, tobacco control policies and interventions should be targeted at high-risk subpopulations with lower SES, particularly in Northeast China.


Assuntos
Aposentadoria , Fumar Tabaco , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Masculino , Humanos , Feminino , Idoso , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Estudos Longitudinais , Estudos Transversais , Fumar Tabaco/epidemiologia , China/epidemiologia , Classe Social
18.
Int J Aging Hum Dev ; 96(1): 33-50, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35673267

RESUMO

Using the 2006-2016 wave of Health and Retirement Study and Korean Longitudinal Study of Aging, this study explores the gender disparities in the health of older adults in the United States and South Korea. A logit model is adopted to explore the differences in the likelihood of aging healthily by gender in two countries. Results indicate that older females in the United States have a significantly higher probability of healthy aging than their male counterparts. However, the opposite finding is demonstrated among the older population in South Korea. These results are verified using various robustness check methods. The heterogeneities in the gender disparities in healthy aging across age groups and income levels are further explored. The gender effect in each healthy aging domain is investigated to understand the underlying causes of gender disparities. These findings can provide cross-national insights for policymakers to establish targeted aging policies with a gender perspective.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento Saudável , Feminino , Estados Unidos , Humanos , Masculino , Idoso , Estudos Longitudinais , República da Coreia/epidemiologia , Aposentadoria , Envelhecimento
19.
J Health Econ ; 87: 102713, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36516568

RESUMO

This paper analyzes the impact of retirement on informal care provision using nationally representative panel data from Australia. To establish causality, we exploit the gender and cohort specific eligibility age for the Australian Age Pension. We find no evidence of an impact of retirement (status or duration) on co-residential or extra-residential unpaid care provided by older individuals. The null effect of retirement on informal caregiving does not differ by the type of care recipient. Furthermore, we demonstrate that older people who postpone retirement reduce the amount of time they spend on other non-market activities to resolve the time conflict between unpaid care and extended employment. Our analysis indicates that the Australian Age Pension reform aimed at working career prolongation has not crowded out the supply of informal care.


Assuntos
Pensões , Aposentadoria , Humanos , Idoso , Austrália , Emprego , Fatores de Tempo , Cuidadores
20.
Asian J Psychiatr ; 79: 103380, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36495830

RESUMO

Identifying individuals at high risk of cognitive impairment is essential for treatment and prevention strategies. We aimed to develop and validate a prediction model for evaluating the risk of cognitive impairment. Data were from the China Family Panel Studies (CFPS) and China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS). A total of 14,265 subjects were selected for model development. The area under the curve(AUC) for the training, internal, and external validation sets were 0.775, 0.920, and 0.727, respectively. This model could be used to identify middle-aged and older adults aged 45 years and older at high risk of cognitive impairment.


Assuntos
Disfunção Cognitiva , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Humanos , Idoso , Estudos Longitudinais , Disfunção Cognitiva/diagnóstico , Disfunção Cognitiva/epidemiologia , Disfunção Cognitiva/etiologia , Aposentadoria , China/epidemiologia
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