Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 646
Filtrar
1.
J Occup Environ Med ; 64(9): e585-e590, 2022 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35914283

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the degree of reporting work-related low back pain (LBP) by workers' compensation (WC) claim filing and associated factors among US workers. METHODS: We conducted multivariable logistic regression using the 2015 National Health Interview Survey data. RESULTS: Among 1203 US workers with self-reported work-related LBP diagnosis, only 19.6% filed for WC. Compared with non-Hispanic White workers, Black, Asian, and Hispanic workers were less likely to file for WC. Workers' compensation filing was less frequent among workers in independent work arrangement and who stopped working, changed jobs, or made a change in work and more frequent among workers 45 to 64 years of age and having high LBP frequency. CONCLUSIONS: Our study findings suggest underreporting of work-related LBP to the WC system is common. Barriers to WC filing should be addressed especially for racial/ethnic minorities and independent workers.


Assuntos
Dor Lombar , Indenização aos Trabalhadores , Arquivamento , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Dor Lombar/epidemiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35742576

RESUMO

The expansion of government size will have dual effects on a country's green innovation. An appropriately sized government size increases marginal productivity and stimulates the development of green innovation by increasing government expenditure. On the contrary, an excessively sized government creates a huge administrative agency, which not only increases the tax burden but also damages social welfare by excessive intervention. Therefore, the effect of government size on green innovation is not linear. In order to prove this proposition, this study examines the impact of government size on green innovation in 166 countries between 1995 and 2018, using a two-way fixed effects model. The results reveal an inverted U-shaped relationship between government size and the level of green innovation, indicating that optimal government size may maximize a country's green innovation output. The results further suggest that this inverted U-shaped relationship is mainly influenced by environmental regulations and financial support. Finally, our heterogeneity analysis demonstrates that the inverted U-shaped relationship is more pronounced for countries with high organizational inertia and more R&D expenditure than for those with low organizational inertia and less R&D expenditure. This finding makes up for the research gap between government size and green innovation and provides a reference for countries to formulate the optimal government size to improve the level of green innovation.


Assuntos
Arquivamento , Governo , China , Eficiência , Regulamentação Governamental
3.
Ber Wiss ; 45(1-2): 55-86, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35585662

RESUMO

This paper considers the epistemic career of visual media in ethology in the mid-20th century. Above all, ethologists claimed close contact with research animals and drew scientific evidence from these human-animal communities, particularly in public relations. However, if we look into the toolboxes of comparative behavioral biologists, it becomes evident that scientifically valid research results were primarily obtained by experimenting with model images. These visual specimens tell a technical story of the methodological requirements in behavioral science necessary to bridge everyday observations between the laboratory and the field. By neutralizing individual traces of animal bodies as well as their observers, they prompted the abstraction of ethological hypotheses. The case study of East-German biologist Günter Tembrock (1918-2011), who maintained his own collection of newspaper clippings, drawings, photographs, and films, offers a new perspective on the methodological development of this field. Furthermore, this article contributes to a scholarly discussion geared toward expanding the spaces of ethological research. My analysis of the image collections of the Forschungsstätte für Tierpsychologie presents the archive as a relevant site of study in the history of ethology.


Assuntos
Etologia , Raposas , Animais , Etologia/história , Arquivamento , História do Século XX
6.
Am J Ind Med ; 65(3): 173-195, 2022 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34897753

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Janitors are a low-wage, ethnically and linguistically diverse, hard-to-reach population of workers with a high burden of occupational injury and illness. METHODS: Data from an extensive multimodal (mail, phone, web) survey of janitors in Washington State were analyzed to characterize their working conditions and occupational health experiences. The survey included questions on demographics, work organization and tasks, health and safety topics, and discrimination and harassment. The survey was administered in eight languages. RESULTS: There were 620 complete interviews. The majority completed the survey by mail (62.6%), and in English (85.8%). More than half of responding janitors were female (56.9%), and the mean age was 45 years. Twenty percent reported having a (health-care-provider diagnosed) work-related injury or illness (WRII) in the past twelve months. Women and janitors who were Latino had significantly higher relative risk of WRII. Increased risk was also associated with several work organization factors that may indicate poor working conditions, insufficient sleep, and possible depression. Half of injured janitors did not file workers' compensation (WC) claims. CONCLUSIONS: Janitors reported a high percentage of WRII, which exceeded previously published estimates from Washington State. Women and Latino janitors had significantly increased risk of WRII, and janitors' working conditions may influence the unequal distribution of risk. WRII surveillance via WC or medical care usage in janitors and other low-wage occupations may reflect substantial underreporting. Characterizing the nature of janitors' work experience can help identify avenues for prevention, intervention, and policy changes to protect the health and safety of janitors.


Assuntos
Traumatismos Ocupacionais , Indenização aos Trabalhadores , Feminino , Arquivamento , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Traumatismos Ocupacionais/epidemiologia , Ocupações , Inquéritos e Questionários , Washington/epidemiologia
7.
J Dent ; 115: 103864, 2021 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34715247

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to automatically detect, segment and label teeth, crowns, fillings, root canal fillings, implants and root remnants on panoramic radiographs (PR(s)). MATERIAL AND METHODS: As a reference, 2000 PR(s) were manually annotated and labeled. A deep-learning approach based on mask R-CNN with Resnet-50 in combination with a rule-based heuristic algorithm and a combinatorial search algorithm was trained and validated on 1800 PR(s). Subsquently, the trained algorithm was applied onto a test set consisting of 200 PR(s). F1 scores, as a measure of accuracy, were calculated to quantify the degree of similarity between the annotated ground-truth and the model predictions. The F1-score considers the harmonic mean of precison (positive predictive value) and recall (specificity). RESULTS: The proposes method achieved F1 scores up to 0.993, 0.952 and 0.97 for detection, segmentation and labeling, respectivley. CONCLUSION: The proposed method forms a promising foundation for the further development of automatic chart filing on PR(s). CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Deep learning may assist clinicians in summarizing the radiological findings on panoramic radiographs. The impact of using such models in clinical practice should be explored.


Assuntos
Aprendizado Profundo , Dente , Algoritmos , Arquivamento , Radiografia Panorâmica
8.
Rev. latinoam. cienc. soc. niñez juv ; 19(2): 297-319, mayo-ago. 2021.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1347588

RESUMO

Resumen (analítico) El objetivo de este artículo es conocer y comprender los procesos de construcción del campo especializado de saberes e intervención que constituyó la protección de la infancia en América a lo largo del siglo XX. El análisis se basa en un trabajo etnográfico en el archivo del Instituto Interamericano del Niño, la Niña y Adolescentes; concreta-mente, en una sistematización documental a partir de la cual es posible explorar diversas versiones del modelo preventivo que se expandió en la región, y sobre el cual se erigieron las «voces autorizadas¼ para definir a determinadas infancias como modélicas. La hipótesis de trabajo es que los idearios de progreso y desarrollo que gravitaron sobre los proyectos de sociedad en ese periodo tuvieron un impacto específico en la construcción y legitimación de tales definiciones.


Abstract (analytical) The paper objective is to know and understand the construction processes of the specialized field of knowledge and intervention that constituted child protection in the Americas throughout the twentieth century. The analysis is based on an ethnographic work in the archives of the Inter-American Children's Institute, specifically on a documental systematization from which it is possible to explore different versions of the preventative model that expanded in the region, and on which the «authorized voices¼ were raised to define certain childhoods as a model. The working hypothesis is that the ideologies of progress and development that influenced society's projects in that period had a specific impact on the construction and legitimization of such definitions.


Resumo (analítico) O objetivo deste artigo é compreender os processos de construção do campo especializado do conhecimento e da intervenção que constituiu a proteção das crianças na América ao longo do século XX. A análise se baseia no trabalho etnográfico nos arquivos do Instituto Interamericano da Criança, especificamente em uma sistematização documental a partir da qual é possível explorar várias versões do modelo preventivo que se difundiram na região, e sobre o qual foram erguidas as «vozes autorizadas¼ para definir certas crianças como exemplares. A hipótese de trabalho é que as ideologias de progresso e desenvolvimento que influenciaram os projetos da sociedade naquele período tiveram um impacto específico na construção e legitimação de tais definições.


Assuntos
Arquivamento , Projetos , Antropologia Cultural
9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33809725

RESUMO

The popularity of electronic cigarettes in the United States and around the world has led to a startling rise in youth nicotine use. The Juul® e-cigarette was introduced in the U.S. market in 2015 and had captured approximately 13% of the U.S. market by 2017. Unlike many other contemporary electronic cigarette companies, the founders behind the Juul® e-cigarette approached their product launch like a traditional high-tech start-up company, not like a tobacco company. This article presents a case study of Juul's corporate and product development history in the context of US regulatory actions. The objective of this article is to demonstrate the value of government-curated archives as leading indicators which can (a) provide insight into emergent technologies and (b) inform emergent regulatory science research questions. A variety of sources were used to gather data about the Juul® e-cigarette and the corporations that surround it. Sources included government agencies, published academic literature, non-profit organizations, corporate and retail websites, and the popular press. Data were disambiguated, authenticated, and categorized prior to being placed on a timeline of events. A timeline of four significant milestones, nineteen corporate filings and events, twelve US regulatory actions, sixty-four patent applications, eighty-seven trademark applications, twenty-three design patents and thirty-two utility patents related to Juul Labs and its associates is presented, spanning the years 2004 through 2020. This work demonstrates the probative value of findings from patent, trademark, and SEC filing literature in establishing a premise for emergent regulatory science research questions which may not yet be supported by traditional archival research literature. The methods presented here can be used to identify key aspects of emerging technologies before products actually enter the market; this shifting policy formulation and problem identification from a paradigm of being reactive in favor of becoming proactive. Such a proactive approach may permit anticipatory regulatory science research and ultimately shorten the elapsed time between market technology innovation and regulatory response.


Assuntos
Sistemas Eletrônicos de Liberação de Nicotina , Produtos do Tabaco , Vaping , Adolescente , Arquivamento , Humanos , Projetos de Pesquisa , Tabaco , Estados Unidos
10.
Wiad Lek ; 74(3 cz 1): 413-417, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33813442

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim: To study the role and place of bone grafting in the formation of bone stump after amputation. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and methods: 3 series of experiments were carried out on 44 rabbits with amputation of the thigh in the middle third and stump grafting using osteoplastic hermetic closure of the canal with a thin cortical plate (series I), closure of the canal with a spongy bone (series II), and loose closure of the canal with a cortical graft located at the entrance to the canal at an angle of 30° (ІІІ series). Observation period: 1, 3, 6 months. Histological examination method with vascular filling with 10% mascara-gelatin mixture. RESULTS: Results: In series I, in the majority of observations, a stump of a cylindrical shape with a bone locking plate of an osteon-beam structure and normalization of intraosseous microcirculation was formed. A slight displacement of the graft caused a violation of microcirculation. In series II, organotypic stumps were formed in all observations. In series III, incomplete closure of the bone marrow cavity led to sharp microcirculatory disorders and the course of the reparative process with pathological bone remodeling. CONCLUSION: Conclusions: The parameters of the favorable course of the reparative process and the formation of the organotypic bone stump are the safety of its cylindrical shape, the presence of a compact bone structure, normalization of intraosseous microcirculation.


Assuntos
Amputação , Arquivamento , Cotos de Amputação , Animais , Microcirculação , Coelhos , Coxa da Perna
11.
Ther Innov Regul Sci ; 55(3): 568-582, 2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33492633

RESUMO

The United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) implemented the PDUFA V New Molecular Entity (NME) Program (the Program) in 2012 to promote greater transparency and increased communication between the FDA review team and applicants of NME New Drug Applications (NDA) and original Biologics License Applications (BLA). We reviewed 128 publicly available NME NDA and original BLA approval packages, submitted after October 2012 and approved by July 2018. Our research had a goal to educate regulatory professionals about the content and timing of communications from FDA to the Sponsor for approved drugs reviewed under the Program. This research found that communications issued within the first 74 days were consistent with the 21st Century Desk Reference Guide (DRG) targets; forecasted dates of other projected interactions included in the Filing Communication (FC) letter were often within 4 weeks of target. The content and format of the FC letter became more consistent with time, often including templated text. Approximately half the FC letters contained at least 1 filing review issue; however, not all appeared to be substantive. The FDA's preliminary comment on advisory committee meeting plans were predictive; 95% correlated with the need (or lack thereof) for an advisory committee meeting. Approximately 62% of FC letters contained actionable labeling comments, with nearly all related to editorial changes. With respect to the FC letter, this research found the DRG and relevant FDA Manual of Policies and Procedures to be reliable resources to predict the FDA's planned actions associated with the filing and review of a NME NDA or original BLA.


Assuntos
Preparações Farmacêuticas , Comunicação , Avaliação de Medicamentos , Arquivamento , Estados Unidos , United States Food and Drug Administration
12.
Expert Opin Biol Ther ; 21(1): 19-28, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32634326

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Over the past three decades, biotherapeutics have transformed health care by offering effective treatments for complex diseases that were otherwise difficult to deal with via small molecule pharmaceuticals. Patents on several biotherapeutics have expired or are due to expire in recent times, and this has fueled the growth in biosimilars, products that are deemed to be similar to the already-approved innovator products in terms of safety and efficacy. Production of biosimilars is complicated by the fact that in biotech processes, the process is the product and there have been many instances where a small change in the manufacturing process results in significant undesirable clinical impact. This is why regulatory authorities around the world have formulated stringent guidelines for the approval of biosimilars. AREAS COVERED: This article aims to review unsuccessful regulatory filings for biosimilar approval. EXPERT OPINION: We have focused on regulatory submissions to EMA and FDA. Key shortcomings of the filings that failed to receive approval have been identified and discussed.


Assuntos
Medicamentos Biossimilares , Medicamentos Biossimilares/efeitos adversos , Aprovação de Drogas , Arquivamento , Humanos
13.
Oral Radiol ; 37(1): 13-19, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31893343

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Dental state plays an important role in forensic radiology in case of large scale disasters. However, dental information stored in dental clinics are not standardized or electronically filed in general. The purpose of this study is to develop a computerized system to detect and classify teeth in dental panoramic radiographs for automatic structured filing of the dental charts. It can also be used as a preprocessing step for computerized image analysis of dental diseases. METHODS: One hundred dental panoramic radiographs were employed for training and testing an object detection network using fourfold cross-validation method. The detected bounding boxes were then classified into four tooth types, including incisors, canines, premolars, and molars, and three tooth conditions, including nonmetal restored, partially restored, and completely restored, using classification network. Based on the visualization result, multisized image data were used for the double input layers of a convolutional neural network. The result was evaluated by the detection sensitivity, the number of false-positive detection, and classification accuracies. RESULTS: The tooth detection sensitivity was 96.4% with 0.5 false positives per case. The classification accuracies for tooth types and tooth conditions were 93.2% and 98.0%. Using the double input layer network, 6 point increase in classification accuracy was achieved for the tooth types. CONCLUSIONS: The proposed method can be useful in automatic filing of dental charts for forensic identification and preprocessing of dental disease prescreening purposes.


Assuntos
Arquivamento , Dente , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Redes Neurais de Computação , Radiografia Panorâmica , Dente/diagnóstico por imagem
14.
J Interpers Violence ; 36(21-22): 10479-10498, 2021 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31686596

RESUMO

Most analyses of domestic violence and older adults focus on abuse by children and non-intimate caregivers. However, a significant percentage of elder abuse is perpetrated by an intimate partner. This article addresses a gap in the current literature on elder abuse by addressing how older survivors of intimate partner violence use the legal system as a tool to achieve safety by filing for a civil protection order. We critically examine 607 Arizona protection order filings in 2015, comparing those petitions filed by adults 50 and older (n = 83) with those younger than 50 (n = 524). We find significant differences in the forms of violence described in the protection order petition, as well as the types of relationships between the petitioner and respondent, the likelihood that an order will be issued, and the provisions requested and granted. Most importantly, gender is a critical component of our analysis-older petitioners are far more likely to be men than younger petitioners, and both petitions and outcomes are very different for older men than for older women. These results are then discussed in the context of the dynamics of older relationships, current firearm laws, and the barriers older adults face when attempting to use resources intended to help survivors achieve safety.


Assuntos
Violência Doméstica , Armas de Fogo , Violência por Parceiro Íntimo , Idoso , Arizona , Criança , Feminino , Arquivamento , Humanos , Masculino
15.
Child Abuse Negl ; 116(Pt 2): 104863, 2021 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33298325

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The COVID-19 pandemic has contributed to risk factors for child abuse and neglect and disrupted conventional abuse surveillance. OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to assess how counts of criminal charges have been affected by COVID-19 social distancing measures and related policy changes. PARTICIPANTS AND SETTING: This study used publicly available court filings pertaining to child abuse and neglect from Jan 1, 2010 to June 30, 2020. METHODS: Autoregressive integrated moving average (ARIMA) algorithms were constructed with case data from January 2010 to January 2020 to forecast trends in criminal charges for February to June 2020. These forecasted values were then compared to actual charges filed for this time period. RESULTS: Criminal cases filed between February and June 2020, had an overall 25.7 percent lower average than forecasted. All individual months had progressively lower cases than forecasted with the exception of March. June had the largest deviation from forecasted with 60.1 percent fewer cases than predicted. CONCLUSIONS: Although risk factors for child abuse have increased due to COVID-19, these findings demonstrate a declining trend in child abuse charges. Rather than a decreasing incidence of child abuse and neglect, it is more likely that less cases are being reported. The results warrant immediate action and further investigation in order to address the dangers this pandemic poses for children in abusive situations.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Maus-Tratos Infantis , Adulto , Algoritmos , Ciências Biocomportamentais , COVID-19/psicologia , Criança , Maus-Tratos Infantis/legislação & jurisprudência , Maus-Tratos Infantis/estatística & dados numéricos , Arquivamento , Previsões , Humanos , Oklahoma , Pandemias , Distanciamento Físico , Fatores de Risco , SARS-CoV-2
16.
PLoS One ; 15(10): e0239946, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33022027

RESUMO

In the medical system, the verification, preservation and synchronization of electronic medical records has always been a difficult problem, and the random dissemination of patient records will bring various risks to patient privacy. Therefore, how to achieve secure data sharing on the basis of ensuring users' personal privacy becomes the key. In recent years, blockchain has been proposed to be a promising solution to achieve data sharing with security and privacy preservation due to its advantages of immutability. So, a distributed electronic medical records searchable scheme was proposed by leveraging blockchain and smart contract technology. Firstly, we perform a hash calculation on the electronic medical data and store the corresponding value on the blockchain to ensure its integrity and authenticity. Then, we encrypt the electronic medical data and store it in the interplanetary file system which is a distributed storage protocol. These operations not only can solve centralized data store of servers of several medical institutions, but also be good at lowering stress from data store and high-frequency access to blockchain. Secondly, the encrypted keyword index information of electronic medical records was stored on the Ethereum blockchain, meanwhile a smart contract deployed in the Ethereum blockchain is used to realize keyword search instead of depending on a centralized third party. Furthermore, we use attribute-based encryption scheme to ensure that only the attributes meeting the access policy can decrypt the encrypted electronic medical records. Finally, our performance analysis and security analysis show that the scheme is secure and efficient.


Assuntos
Blockchain , Registros Eletrônicos de Saúde , Arquivamento , Computação em Nuvem , Confidencialidade , Privacidade , Tecnologia
17.
RECIIS (Online) ; 14(3): 529-545, jul.-set. 2020. ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1121409

RESUMO

Em busca de uma solução para compreender as razões pelas quais alguns recursos presentes em websites não são possíveis de serem arquivados pelas ferramentas de captura, surgiu o conceito de arquivabilidade da web. Apresentamos este estudo que propõe iniciar uma discussão acerca do tema, a partir do método CLEAR+ e da ferramenta ArchiveReady, e verificar sua aplicabilidade a partir da identificação de websites da área da saúde, com testes de preservação digital por meio do arquivamento da web. A pesquisa configurou-se como estudo de caso, com procedimentos envolvendo pesquisa bibliográfica e documental, bem como o uso de software para identificar arquivabilidade dos sites. Conclui-se que tanto os testes de arquivabilidade quanto os de arquivamento da web apontam para poucas dificuldades de captura, em pequeno grau, sugerindo-se, portanto, que para atingir uma melhor qualidade de captura sejam adotados padrões de conformidade na produção dos websites, de acordo com o estabelecido pelo World Wide Web Consortium.


In search for a solution to understand the reasons why some resources present on websites are not possible to be archived by capture tools, we approach the concept of web archivability. We present this study that proposes to initiate a discussion about the evaluation of the archivability, using the CLEAR+ method and the ArchiveReady, and to verify their applicability from the identification of websites in the health studies, with digital preservation tests through the web archiving. The research was configured as a case study, with procedures involving bibliographic and documentary research, as well as the use of software to identify the archivability of the sites. It is concluded that both archivability tests and web archiving tests point to little capture difficulties, to a small degree, therefore suggesting that to achieve better capture quality, compliance standards should be adopted in the production of websites, according to what is established by the World Wide Web Consortium.


En la búsqueda de una solución para comprender las razones por las cuales las herramientas de captura no pueden archivar algunos recursos presentes en sitios web, abordamos el concepto de archivabilidad de la web. Presentamos este estudio que propone iniciar una discusión sobre la evaluación de la archivabilidad de los sitios web, utilizando el método CLEAR+ y la herramienta ArchiveReady, y verificar su aplicabilidad a partir de la identificación de sitios web en los estudios de salud, con pruebas de preservación digital a través del archivo web. La investigación se configuró como un estudio de caso, con procedimientos que implican investigación bibliográfica y documental, así como el uso de software para identificar la capacidad de archivo de los sitios. Se concluye que tanto las pruebas de archivabilidad como las pruebas de archivo web apuntan a pequeñas dificultades de captura, en un pequeño grado, lo que sugiere que para lograr una mejor calidad de captura, se deben adoptar estándares de cumplimiento en la producción de sitios web de acuerdo con lo establecido por el World Wide Consorcio Web.


Assuntos
Humanos , Software , Arquivamento , Gestão da Informação em Saúde , Metadados , e-Acessibilidade , Gestão da Informação , Gestão da Qualidade Total , Competência em Informação
18.
RECIIS (Online) ; 14(3): 563-579, jul.-set. 2020. ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1121421

RESUMO

Um dos desafios das mudanças e evoluções das tecnologias de informação e comunicação (TIC) em corporações é a preservação das informações digitais. Entre as corporações com grande geração de informações digitais estão as universidades. Neste artigo, é apresentada uma estratégia para se elaborar uma política de preservação digital no bojo de uma política arquivística direcionada para a manutenção da autenticidade dos documentos de arquivo. O objetivo é expor um modelo para elaboração de políticas de preservação digital de documentos de arquivo por instituições de ensino superior (IES), com os elementos que devem compô-las, a partir da literatura estudada e da política elaborada e aprovada na Universidade Estadual Paulista (Unesp). São apresentados os conceitos relacionados à política arquivística para a preservação digital de documentos de arquivo, sua definição, seus aspectos e elementos. Concluiu-se que o modelo pode ser adaptado para outros objetos digitais, bem como para outras instituições.


One of the challenges of the changes and evolutions of the information and communication technology (ICT) in corporations is the preservation of digital information. The universities are among the corporations with a large generation of digital information. This article presents a strategy for the elaboration of a digital preservation policy, in the context of an archival policy which is aimed at maintaining the authenticity of archival documents. The objective of this article is to present a model so that the higher education institutions could making policies for the digital preservation of their archival documents, showing the elements that must compose each one, based on the studied literature and on the policy elaborated in Unesp and which was officially approved by that institution. Concepts related to archival policy for the digital preservation of archival documents, their definition, aspects and elements are presented here. It was concluded that the model can be adapted for other digital objects, as well as for other institutions.


Uno de los desafíos de los cambios y la evolución de las TIC en las corporaciones es la preservación de informaciones digitales. Entre las corporaciones con una gran generación de información digital se encuentran las universidades. En este artículo, se presenta una estrategia para elaborar una política de preservación digital, en medio de una política de archivo dirigida a mantener la autenticidad de los documentos de archivo. El objetivo del artículo es presentar un modelo para la elaboración de políticas de preservación digital de documentos de archivo por instituciones de enseñanza superior, con los elementos que deben componerlas, basado en la literatura estudiada y en la política desarrollada y aprobada en la Unesp. Se presentan conceptos relacionados con la política de archivo para la preservación digital de documentos de archivo, su definición, aspectos y elementos. Se concluyó que este modelo puede adaptarse para otros objetos digitales, así como para otras instituciones.


Assuntos
Humanos , Registros , Universidades , Tecnologia da Informação , Políticas , Arquivamento , Cultura Organizacional , Armazenamento e Recuperação da Informação , Administração das Tecnologias da Informação
19.
RECIIS (Online) ; 14(3): 580-596, jul.-set. 2020. ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1121772

RESUMO

Este artigo apresenta uma proposta de modelagem conceitual da cadeia de custódia para os Registros Eletrônicos em Saúde (RES). O interesse em conhecer os critérios de autenticidade dos RES encaminhados dos serviços até o Portal do DATASUS gerou esta investigação. A pesquisa é exploratória e descritiva por meio de uma revisão sistemática da literatura e documental para prospecção e análise sobre autenticidade e preservação dos RES. A partir dos resultados encontrados foram identificados os custodiadores e a proposta de modelagem da cadeia de custódia para o Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS). Espera-se que os custodiadores modelados assimilem subsídios para a criação de repositórios digitais em saúde confiáveis e recomenda-se a adoção e a incorporação dos processos de gestão arquivística de documentos articulados com os da TI.


This article presents a proposal of conceptual modeling of the chain of custody for Electronic Health Records (EHR). The curiosity to know the authenticity criteria of the EHR sent from the services to the DATASUS Portal generated this investigation. The research is both exploratory and descriptive by means of a systemic literature and documental review for the prospection and analysis on authenticity and preservation of the EHR. According to the results found, the custodians and the proposal of custody chain modeling for Unified Health System (SUS) were identified. The modeled custodians are expected to assimilate subsidies for the creation of reliable digital health repositories. It is recommended that they adopt and incorporate the articulated processes of archival management to those from the IT.


Este artículo presenta una propuesta de modelado conceptual de la cadena de custodia para Registros Electrónicos en Salud (RES). La curiosidad por conocer los criterios de autenticidad de los RES enviados desde los servicios hacia el Portal DATASUS generó esta investigación. La investigación es exploratoria y descriptiva a través de una revisión sistemática de literatura y documental para la prospección y análisis de autenticidad y preservación de los RES. A partir de los resultados encontrados, se identificaron los custodios y la propuesta de modelado de la cadena de custodia para el Sistema Único de Salud (SUS). Se espera que los custodios modelados asimilen los subsidios para la creación de repositorios digitales en salud confiables y se recomienda la adopción e incorporación de los procesos de gestión de archivos de documentos articulados con los de TI.


Assuntos
Humanos , Arquivos , Sistema Único de Saúde , Registros , Registros Eletrônicos de Saúde , Gestão da Informação em Saúde , Tecnologia da Informação , Arquivamento , Revisão Sistemática
20.
Health Policy ; 124(9): 1032-1040, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32600665

RESUMO

Although the predominant occupation origin of mesothelioma is well known, determinant factors involved in filing compensation are scarcely investigated. A linkage between incident mesothelioma cases collected by Italian mesothelioma register (ReNaM) and compensation claims and assignment by Italian national insurance Institute (INAIL) has been conducted for cases diagnosed in the period 2010-2015 and occupational exposure to asbestos. Logistic regression models and decision tree models have been used to identify demographic, diagnostic and anamnestic factors significant for filing and receiving compensation. We have included in the analyses 5019 mesothelioma cases, and among them, 3321 (66.2 %) were found in INAIL archives as mesothelioma cases who fil claims for compensation. The modalities of asbestos exposure, sector of working activities and job type are crucial factors. Furthermore, gender, age at diagnosis, area of residence have been found to be significant predictors of probability to fil claims. Relative risks to fil claims were obtained for the above determinants and conditions to maximize the probability to obtain compensation identified. Our findings demonstrate that there is a need to enforce policies for improving awareness of the occupational origin for mesothelioma cases. Stakeholders, occupational health and safety institutions can play an important role for improving the sensitization regarding the rights of compensation benefits, ensuring the equity and the effectiveness of insurance, welfare and public health systems.


Assuntos
Amianto , Mesotelioma Maligno , Mesotelioma , Exposição Ocupacional , Amianto/toxicidade , Arquivamento , Humanos , Itália
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...