Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 8.520
Filtrar
1.
Pediatr Rheumatol Online J ; 19(1): 158, 2021 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34749738

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) is the leading chronic rheumatic disease in childhood. To achieve adherence to therapy, in-depth understanding of disease and treatment options are important. OBJECTIVE: Development of specifically designed illustrations and standardised, easy-to-read texts for children and adolescents with JIA. Education materials were tested for comprehensibility and content validity. We hypothesised that children would be able to increase their knowledge about JIA after presentation of materials. METHODS: The illustrations were designed by a graphic artist and the informative texts consecutively transformed to easy-to-read language. The materials appear as a modular system to allow individualized information for each patient. The illustrations and texts were tested for knowledge gain and improvement of self-efficacy in children affected by JIA/ rheumatic diseases and controls. Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) was tested as an overall assessment of patients' well-being. RESULTS: 46 controls (71% female) and 38 patients (48% female) with a median age of 11 years were tested in a standardised setting. In both groups knowledge gain was significant (controls: t (44) = 11.08, p < 0.001, d = 1.65; patients: t (37) = 7.48, p < 0.001, d = 1.21). The control group had a significantly higher enhancement of disease knowledge compared to patients' group (p = .046) The follow-up testing was only performed in one school class (20 controls) due to Covid-19 pandemic with significant improvement compared to the pre-test results (p = .002). The enhancement of self-efficacy through the teaching session was significantly higher in the patients' group. No impairment of HRQoL was seen. CONCLUSION: Explaining juvenile rheumatic diseases and therapeutic strategies is an important task in paediatric rheumatology. To avoid incomprehensible explanations in medical jargon, illustrations and easy-to-read texts were developed. Standardised presentation of the newly created materials resulted in a significant improvement of disease knowledge in patients and controls in addition to an enhancement of self-efficacy in patients.


Assuntos
Artrite Juvenil/terapia , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Cooperação do Paciente , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto/métodos , Adolescente , Arte , Criança , Compreensão , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino
2.
Psychiatr Hung ; 36(3): 382-400, 2021.
Artigo em Húngaro | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34738531

RESUMO

According to French clinicians, Auguste Rodin's mother suffered from haptephobia: her phobia concluded in avoiding to touch her son. This physical and emotional deprivation was a traumatic experience for the young Rodin, and both facilitated his artistic formation and lead to the birth of several artworks. 'Body' and 'touch' emerged to a central motif of his art, and into a sublimation process what we tend to interpret as the result of the maternal coldness. This psychobiographic study aims to examine the imprints of this development in the oeuvre, leaning on parallel analysis of artworks and biographical details.


Assuntos
Arte , Emoções , Família , Feminino , Humanos , Inteligência
3.
Psychiatr Hung ; 36(3): 425-456, 2021.
Artigo em Húngaro | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34738534

RESUMO

The psychological characteristics of artistic activity emerge along the spontaneity-awareness dimension. Artistic development proceeds from spontaneous manifestations to conscious planning. At each step of this process, the effects of attractive and repulsive reference predecessors appear until the individual voice, style and creative inventions are formed. This development may be completed by the establishment of the artistic identity and conscious image creation. A certain group of artists - naive, autodidactic artists, psychiatric patients - stay in the state of spontaneity; or they get stuck halfway in the development, and thus their works of art have some self-healing nature as among the confessional poets. Regressive states (emerging due to effects of chemicals or old-age dementia etc.) might re-call spontaneity. The spontaneous manifestations of some artists might be overwritten by conscious image building. Based on the characteristic features of artistic socialization, the following categories of artists can be set up: experienceoriented, ability-oriented, child, citizen/scholar, and psychiatric patient artist types.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer , Arte , Criança , Humanos
4.
Maturitas ; 153: 26-32, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34654525

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: . This study aims to examine and compare changes in frailty status, well-being and quality of life in community-dwelling older adults living in Montreal (Quebec, Canada) participating in a 3-month session of weekly "Thursdays at the Museum" and in their control counterparts who did not participate in art-based activities. METHODS: . 165 older community dwellers were recruited to a randomized controlled trial with two parallel groups (intervention versus control). The intervention was weekly participatory art-based activities over a 3-month period carried out at the Montreal Museum of Fine Arts (MMFA, Montreal, Quebec, Canada). Frailty, well-being and quality of life were assessed using standardized questionnaires completed at baseline (M0) and before the fifth (M1), ninth (M2) and twelfth (M3) workshops in the intervention group. The control group completed these questionnaires according to the same schedule. The outcomes were mean values of frailty, well-being and quality of life scores, as well as the distribution of frailty categories (vigorous versus mild, moderate and severe frailty) at M0, M1, M2 and M3. RESULTS: . The intervention group showed significant improvements in frailty, well-being and quality of life scores (P≤0.004) when compared with the control group. CONCLUSION: . The results suggest that the 3-month session of weekly "Thursdays at the Museum" may improve both physical and mental health in Montreal community-dwelling older adults.


Assuntos
Arte , Idoso Fragilizado/psicologia , Fragilidade , Museus , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Idoso , Feminino , Promoção da Saúde/métodos , Humanos , Vida Independente , Masculino , Saúde Mental , Testes de Estado Mental e Demência
6.
Sensors (Basel) ; 21(17)2021 Sep 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34502848

RESUMO

The protection of artistic and cultural heritage is a major challenge due to its peculiarities and its exposure to significant natural hazards. Several methodologies exist to assess the condition of artistic heritage and to protect it from exceptional actions. Moreover, novel digital technologies offer many solutions able to deliver a digital replica of artifacts of interest, so that a reduction in the uncertainties in the analysis models can be achieved. A rational approach to the preservation and protection of artistic heritage is based on traditional approaches supported and integrated by novel technologies, so that qualitative and quantitative indicators of the current condition of artistic heritage can be defined and validated in an interdisciplinary framework. The present paper reports the results of an approach to the maintenance and preservation of art objects housed in a museum complex based on a comprehensive digital path towards a Historical Digital Twin (HDT). A workflow aimed at estimating the stress regime and the dynamic properties of two sculptures, based on the detailed three-dimensional model resulting from a laser scanner survey, is illustrated and discussed. The results highlight the great advantages resulting from the integration of traditional and novel procedures in the field of conservation of artistic assets.


Assuntos
Arte , Artefatos , Lasers , Museus , Preservação Biológica
7.
Public Health ; 198: 245-251, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34487868

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This article presents the findings of a pilot study situated in a tertiary care cancer centre and examines the impact of an art therapy group on the experiences of women living through breast cancer. STUDY DESIGN: The study design used in this study is a qualitative cross-case comparative case. METHODS: Ten women were interviewed about their experiences making art, many for the first time. Interviews were transcribed and analysed, along with the participants' artist statements. RESULTS: Categories include the following: the significant benefits of art therapy on their sense of self-efficacy; the emotionally enhancing nature of making art for the first time; the power of their artwork to trigger insights about themselves (including subcategories of self-actualization, existential growth, and post-traumatic growth) or in communicating their experiences to loved ones; and how making art changed their worldview and life philosophies, creating doorways of possibilities. CONCLUSION: This study suggests that art therapy provides a safe context to reflect on profound personal changes and to re-story losses following adversity through creative practices as a dimension of care.


Assuntos
Terapia pela Arte , Arte , Criatividade , Feminino , Humanos , Projetos Piloto , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Autoeficácia
8.
Nurs Sci Q ; 34(4): 345, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34538187

Assuntos
Arte , Humanos
9.
Behav Brain Sci ; 44: e91, 2021 09 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34588019

RESUMO

Music is an artistic cultural innovation, and therefore it may be considered as intuitive thought expressed in symbols, which can efficiently convey multiple meanings in learning, thinking, and transmission, selected for and passed on through cultural evolution. The symbolic system has personal adaptive benefits besides social ones, which should not be overlooked even if music may tend more to the latter.


Assuntos
Arte , Evolução Cultural , Música , Criatividade , Humanos , Aprendizagem
10.
Multimedia | Recursos Multimídia | ID: multimedia-9206

RESUMO

Arte para camiseta da campanha eleitoral de Roberto Freire, candidato a Presidência da República pelo partido PCB (1989), com Sergio Arouca como vice. As eleições ocorreram em dois turnos, tendo o primeiro turno ocorrido em 15/11/1989 e o segundo turno, em 17/12/1989.


Assuntos
Arte , Política , Brasil
12.
Am Psychol ; 76(4): 658-672, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34410741

RESUMO

The overrepresentation of Asian Americans in science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) occupations can render invisible the early experiences of Asian Americans in other fields. In this study, we provide a national and longitudinal portrait of the occupational expectations of Asian Americans (n = 2,340) in high school and their postsecondary years. Multinomial logistic regression models confirm Asian Americans hold high occupational expectations in STEM fields overall. However, longitudinal results also reveal high occupational expectations in arts and sports in Grade 9 that decrease and occupational expectations in business and management that begin low but increase after high school. These longitudinal trends are similar for other students but reveal career trajectories of Asian Americans that receive less attention among researchers. Results show little evidence of misalignment between Asian American occupational expectations and academic subject interests in high school. Gaps in occupational expectations between students categorized as English Learner (EL) and those who are not (non-EL) are also mostly attenuated when accounting for individual and parent backgrounds. The study has implications for supporting Asian American youth interested in non-STEM fields, complicating a characterization of Asian Americans as model minorities uniformly predisposed for STEM fields, and improving Asian American career visibility beyond STEM. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2021 APA, all rights reserved).


Assuntos
Arte , Americanos Asiáticos , Escolha da Profissão , Comércio , Ocupações , Esportes , Estudantes , Adolescente , Adulto , Americanos Asiáticos/psicologia , Engenharia , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Matemática , Motivação , Pais/psicologia , Instituições Acadêmicas , Ciência , Estudantes/psicologia , Tecnologia , Adulto Jovem
13.
Br Dent J ; 231(4): 203, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34446867

Assuntos
Arte
14.
Med Probl Perform Art ; 36(3): 218-224, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34464967

RESUMO

On Friday, March 26, 2021, the Dutch Performing Arts Medicine Association (NVDMG) organized a scientific and artistic symposium "Genees & Kunst 21" for its 21st member assembly, at Akoesticum in Ede, The Netherlands. It was also the 3rd lustrum symposium, because in 2020 the NVDMG had its 15th anniversary and due to COVID-19 we had to postpone the symposium 1 year. The symposium was held digitally for the first time in the existence of the NVDMG.


Assuntos
Arte , COVID-19 , Música , Humanos , Países Baixos , SARS-CoV-2
15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34360519

RESUMO

An emerging body of research indicates that active arts engagement can enhance older adults' health and experienced well-being, but scientific evidence is still fragmented. There is a research gap in understanding arts engagement grounded in a multidimensional conceptualization of the value of health and well-being from older participants' perspectives. This Dutch nation-wide study aimed to explore the broader value of arts engagement on older people's perceived health and well-being in 18 participatory arts-based projects (dance, music, singing, theater, visual arts, video, and spoken word) for community-dwelling older adults and those living in long term care facilities. In this study, we followed a participatory design with narrative- and arts-based inquiry. We gathered micro-narratives from older people and their (in)formal caregivers (n = 470). The findings demonstrate that arts engagement, according to participants, resulted in (1) positive feelings, (2) personal and artistic growth, and (3) increased meaningful social interactions. This study concludes that art-based practices promote older people's experienced well-being and increase the quality of life of older people. This study emphasizes the intrinsic value of arts engagement and has implications for research and evaluation of arts engagement.


Assuntos
Terapia pela Arte , Arte , Música , Idoso , Humanos , Vida Independente , Qualidade de Vida
16.
J Am Geriatr Soc ; 69(8): 2368-2369, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34396520
17.
Public Health ; 198: 53-58, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34358765

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this article was to report findings from a qualitative focus group study conducted to understand the subjective experiences of community-dwelling healthy older people engaging in a range of participatory arts activities. The article also uses the participants' voices to consider nuances and interconnections of themes to unpack the complexities of 'participatory arts' engagement and support a conceptualisation of 'creative ageing'. STUDY DESIGN: This study involved qualitative focus group interviews. METHODS: Focus group interviews were conducted with five groups of healthy older people (aged ≥50 years) living in the community (i.e. not in residential care settings). Participants were recruited through self-selected sampling, and on the basis of self-reporting, no diagnosis of ill-health. Focus group interviews were digitally recorded and analysed using thematic analysis. Themes developed from a systematic review of participatory arts for promoting well-being in later life conducted previously by the author were used as the stimulus for conversation in the focus groups. Interviews were not transcribed, rather pseudonymised quotations are used to support the themes. The study also explored barriers to participation, although these findings are not reported here. RESULTS: Subjective experiences of participatory arts engagement of healthy older people focused on everyday creativity and reflections on the term 'participation', which challenge the traditional focus of arts and health research on the effects of active engagement. Healthy older people experienced a sense of achievement and 'flow' through creative engagement, which led to opportunities for social interaction and developing a sense of purpose. Through transitions of ageing, older people found creative ways of rediscovering their identity in later life, which supported resilience and highlighted a connection between body, mind and soul. CONCLUSIONS: Findings suggest that participation in everyday creative experiences can lead to a sense of achievement and purpose, which provides support and structure in the construction of changing identity in later life. Participatory arts engagement is particularly instrumental during transitions of ageing. This study provides a conceptualisation of 'creative ageing' which challenges traditional ideas of 'participatory arts' and audience engagement by focusing on subjectivities of the participant voice. The framework moves debate beyond a focus on the efficacy of arts engagement to consider the relevance of subjective experiences of everyday creativity in later life.


Assuntos
Arte , Idoso , Envelhecimento , Criatividade , Nível de Saúde , Humanos , Vida Independente
18.
19.
Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci ; 376(1834): 20200184, 2021 09 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34365825

RESUMO

This paper reviews the literature on soil and nature's contributions to people (NCP) around learning and inspiration, physical and psychological experiences, and supporting identities, revealing a range of relationships to imagining, understanding and experiencing soil. Often labelled elsewhere as 'cultural ecosystem services', these NCP provide a range of benefits that are mostly non-material, non-consumptive and intangible. The review finds that NCP framings help to highlight how soils have contributed to inspiring learning and creative works, like art; to mental and physical health benefits, such as through recreation and gardening; and to cultural identities and practices, including religious practices and efforts for social justice. Overall, soils have played a large role in human creative endeavours, are the root of significant relationships to the environment and can be conceptualized through key metaphors, ideas and theory as a bridge linking culture and nature together. Yet despite the wide-ranging contributions of soils to these NCP, the literature remains uneven and much more remains to be understood, including how relational values of care and stewardship with soils can be fostered and how attention to the co-produced 'biosocial' nature of soil can help improve practices for soil health. This article is part of the theme issue 'The role of soils in delivering Nature's Contributions to People'.


Assuntos
Arte , Características Culturais , Meio Ambiente , Recreação/psicologia , Religião , Justiça Social , Solo , Conservação dos Recursos Naturais , Jardinagem , Humanos
20.
PLoS One ; 16(8): e0254618, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34432791

RESUMO

The social standing of an artist provides a reliable proxy for the value of the artist's product and reduces uncertainty about the quality of the product. While there are several different types of social standing, we focus on reputation among professional artists within the same genre, as they are best able to identify the artistic value of a product within that genre. To reveal the underlying means of attaining high social standing within the professional group, we examined two quantifiable properties that are closely associated with social standing, musical identity and the social position of the artist. We analyzed the playlist data of electronic dance music DJ/producers, DJs who also compose their own music. We crawled 98,332 tracks from 3,164 playlists by 815 DJs, who played at nine notable international music festivals. Information from the DJs' tracks, including genre, beats per minute, and musical keys, was used to quantify musical identity, and playlists were transformed into network data to measure social positions among the DJs. We found that DJs with a distinct genre identity as well as network positions combining brokerage and cohesion tend to place higher in success and social standing.


Assuntos
Dança/normas , Música/psicologia , Distância Psicológica , Arte , Dança/psicologia , Humanos
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...