Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 8.727
Filtrar
1.
Asclepio ; 74(2)dic. 2022.
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-212893

RESUMO

La obra de Guillaume Benjamín Amand Duchenne (1806-1871) ha sido ampliamente recogida y analizada. La mayoría de sus biógrafos destacan a un extraordinario científico y clínico, que revolucionó el campo de la neurología y la electroterapia. Sin embargo, se considera que no ha sido suficientemente destacada su mayor aportación: ser el nexo entre dos campos que habían sido independientes hasta ese momento, la electrofisiología y la fotografía artística. La culminación de esta simbiosis sería la publicación de Mécanisme De La Physionomie Humaine: Où, Analyse Électro-Physiologique De L’expression Des Passions, publicada en 1862. Para los autores del presente trabajo, el objetivo final de la obra de Duchenne no fue solo el de un científico y clínico, fue también el de un artista, empeñado en reflejar y desentrañar los mecanismos de la emoción y del sentimiento. Incluso, pretendió establecer un canon estético en la pintura y escultura en la expresión facial, que reflejase su ideal de belleza. Su obra, tuvo importantes repercusiones en la neurología y la electroterapia, en la fotografía médica y en el desarrollo de un nuevo espacio escénico: la representación del movimiento corporal provocado por corrientes eléctricas, el denominado Electric Performance Art.(AU)


The work of Guillaume Benjamin Amand Duchenne (1806-1871) has been widely collected and analyzed. Most of his biographers highlight an extraordinary scientific and clinician, who revolutionized the field of neurology and electrotherapy. It is considered though that his most important contribution has not been sufficiently highlighted: he was the nexus of union between two fields independent until then, electrophysiology and artistic photograph. The culmination of this symbiosis is the publication of Mécanisme De La Physionomie Humaine: Où, Analyse Électro-Physiologique De L’expression Des Passions published in 1862. To the authors of the present study, the goal of Duchenne’s work was not only that of a scientific and clinician but also that of an artist, determined to reflect and unravel the mechanisms of emotion and feeling. He even intended to establish an aesthetic canon in painting and sculpture in facial expression, reflecting his ideal of beauty. His work had important repercussions in neurology and electrotherapy, in medical photography and in the development of a new scenic space: the representation of body movement provoked by electric currents, named Electric Performance Art.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Neurologia , Terapia por Estimulação Elétrica , Psicologia , Arte , História do Século XIX , Ciência/história , História da Medicina
2.
Metas enferm ; 25(10): 0760-0761, dic. 2022. ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-213289

RESUMO

Lola Baldrich lleva muchos años delante de las cámaras. La hemos podido ver como Gertru en Médico de Familia o en series míticas como El Internado o Compañeros, pero también sobre los escenarios dando vida a muy variados personajes, algo que siempre ha confesado que le apasiona. En la actualidad está inmersa en la obra de teatro Adictos, junto a Lola Herrera y Ana Labordeta. ¿Dónde más la veremos? ¡Nos cuenta!.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Pessoas Famosas , Escolha da Profissão , Enfermagem , Filosofia , Arte
3.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 21512, 2022 12 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36513705

RESUMO

The Maros-Pangkep karst in southwest Sulawesi, Indonesia, contains some of the world's oldest rock art. However, the Pleistocene images survive only as weathered patches of pigment on exfoliated limestone surfaces. Salt efflorescence underneath the case-hardened limestone substrate causes spall-flaking, and it has been proposed that the loss of artwork has accelerated over recent decades. Here, we utilise historical photographs and superposition constraints to show that the bulk of the damage was present before 1950 CE, and describe the role of anthropogenic sulphur emissions in promoting gypsum-salt efflorescence and rock art decay. The rock art shelters have been exposed to domestic fire-use and intensive rice cultivation with post-harvest burning of straw for hundreds (if not thousands) of years, both of which release chemically reactive sulphur oxides for gypsum formation, with cumulative effects. Analysis of time-lapse photography indicates that the rate of rock art loss may be on the decline, consistent with the history of fire-use in southwest Sulawesi. At present, vandalism and sulphur emissions from diesel-powered traffic and cement-based infrastructure development constitute localised threats. Our findings indicate that there are grounds for being cautiously optimistic that targeted conservation measures will ensure the longevity of some of our oldest artistic treasures.


Assuntos
Arte , Sulfato de Cálcio , Indonésia , Enxofre , Carbonato de Cálcio
4.
PLoS One ; 17(12): e0279183, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36584033

RESUMO

While many new programs bridge the arts and sciences, a data-based examination of art-science program design can lead to more efficient programming. The Vanderbilt Institute for Infection, Immunology, and Inflammation Artist-in-Residence program is a virtual program that brings together undergraduate student "artists" and faculty-level "scientists" to generate science-art content. We have recruited over 80 artists and 50 scientists to collaborate in creating visual science communication content. Using self-reported data from both groups, we performed qualitative and quantitative analyses to define sources for negative and positive experiences for artists and scientists. We also identify areas for improvement and key features for in producing a positive experience. We found that artists participants had more positive responses about "learning something new" from the program than scientists. We also found that for both artists and scientists the length of the program and the virtual nature were identified as key features that could be improved. However, the most surprising aspect of our analysis suggests that for both "way of thinking" and "science communication to the public or general audience," were seen as significant beneficial gains for scientists compared to artists. We conclude this analysis with suggestions to enhance the benefits and outcomes of an art-science program and ways to minimize the difficulties, such as communication and collaboration, faced by participants and program designers.


Assuntos
Arte , Humanos , Autorrelato , Estudantes , Academias e Institutos
5.
An. Fac. Cienc. Méd. (Asunción) ; 55(3): 110-116, 20221115.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1401561

RESUMO

La rinoplastia cerrada es una cirugía que se realiza con el fin de cambiar la estructura de la nariz, con fines cosméticos o reparadores. Se busca realizar pequeños retoques que logren un aspecto natural. Es una de las cirugías estéticas más complejas y representa un reto para el cirujano, pues combina técnica con sensibilidad y ciencia con arte. En este artículo describimos esta técnica con el objetivo de demostrar su eficacia y vigencia, sin compararla con la rinoplastia abierta, pues no es motivo de discusión en este trabajo, por lo que no podemos asegurar que una opción es mejor o peor que la otra. Lo más conveniente es que los cirujanos estén capacitados para realizar cualquiera de estas. Con la rinoplastia cerrada se logran resultados que llenan las expectativas tanto de los pacientes, como de los cirujanos y el post operatorio es breve y prácticamente sin incidentes. Es una propuesta que tiene indicaciones precisas en el marco de una rinoplastia preservadora, que es tendencia a nivel mundial en la actualidad.


Closed rhinoplasty is a surgery that is performed in order to change the structure of the nose, for cosmetic or restorative purposes. It seeks to make small touches that achieve a natural appearance. It is one of the most complex cosmetic surgeries and represents a challenge for the surgeon, as it combines technique with sensitivity and science with art. In this article, we describe this technique in order to demonstrate its effectiveness and validity, without comparing it with open rhinoplasty, since it is not a matter of discussion in this work, so we cannot guarantee that one option is better or worse than the other. It is best if surgeons are trained to perform any of these. With closed rhinoplasty, results are achieved that meet the expectations of both patients and surgeons, and the postoperative period is brief and practically uneventful. It is a proposal that has precise indications within the framework of conservative rhinoplasty, which is currently a worldwide trend.


Assuntos
Rinoplastia , Arte , Ciência , Efetividade , Nariz
6.
MHSalud ; 19(2)dic. 2022.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS-Express | LILACS, SaludCR | ID: biblio-1405520

RESUMO

Resumen Introducción: El circo atrae cada vez más la atención de profesionales de áreas diversas, entre ellos el profesorado de Educación Física que actúan en el ámbito de la Educación Básica. De hecho, numerosos estudios discuten la enseñanza de las actividades circenses en la escuela, mostrando que la experiencia de cada docente revela un camino posible para entender mejor esta aproximación. El objetivo de este estudio fue investigar la introducción de la enseñanza de actividades circenses en dos escuelas brasileñas de Educación Básica. Procedimientos metodológicos: El estudio de campo se realizó en dos instituciones brasileñas, una en la ciudad de Itatiba-SP y otra en Belo Horizonte-MG, por medio de observaciones directas y entrevistas en profundidad. Resultados y discusiones: En ambos casos la figura de la persona docente aparece como principal responsable por la inclusión del circo en la escuela y las actividades desarrolladas se justifican por considerar que contribuyen a una educación corporal más expresiva y artística. Consideraciones: Nos parece que las propuestas pedagógicas estudiadas pueden inspirar a otros docentes, gestores o investigadores en ese campo específico de actuación profesional.


Abstract Introduction: The circus attracts the attention of professionals from different areas; among them are Physical Education teachers working in Elementary Education. In fact, several studies reveal that teachers can be the "key" to opening the door to circus activities in school. Therefore, we believe that analyzing their experience is an interesting way to understand this approach. This study aimed to investigate the introduction of the teaching of circus activities in two Brazilian schools in Elementary Education. Methodological procedures: This article presents a field study conducted in two Brazilian schools, one in the city of Itatiba-SP and another in Belo Horizonte-MG. Through observations and interviews, we tried to understand the context and characteristics of each proposal. Results and discussion: We found that, in both cases, the figure of the teacher is mainly responsible for the inclusion of the circus in school and that the activities developed are justified by contributing to a more expressive and artistic education. Considerations: The cases studied show us two interesting proposals to organize classes that can inspire other teachers, managers, or researchers.


Resumo Introdução: O circo está atraindo cada vez mais a atenção de profissionais de diversas áreas, entre eles professores de Educação Física que trabalham na área do Ensino Fundamental. Na verdade, numerosos estudos discutem o ensino das atividades circenses na escola, mostrando que a experiência de cada professor revela uma maneira possível de entender melhor essa abordagem. O objetivo desse estudo é investigar a introdução do ensino das atividades circenses em duas escolas brasileiras de Ensino Fundamental. Procedimentos metodológicos: O estudo de campo foi realizado em duas instituições brasileiras, uma na cidade de Itatiba-SP e outra em Belo Horizonte MG, por meio de observações diretas e entrevistas em profundidade. Resultados e discussões: Em ambos os casos a figura do professor aparece como principal responsável pela inclusão do circo na escola e as atividades desenvolvidas se justificam por considerarem que contribuem para uma educação corporal mais expressiva e artística. Considerações: Parece ser que as propostas pedagógicas estudadas podem inspirar outros professores, agentes ou pesquisadores nesse campo específico de ação profissional.


Assuntos
Humanos , Educação Física e Treinamento , Arte , Atividades de Lazer , Brasil , Educação
7.
Orv Hetil ; 163(48): 1932, 2022 Nov 27.
Artigo em Húngaro | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36436061
8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36429666

RESUMO

Suicide is a leading cause of death all over the world. Suicide prevention is possible and should be pursued through a variety of strategies. The importance of the arts for positive health outcomes has been increasingly evidenced. This scoping review aimed to identify the possible role of the performing arts-defined as a type of art performed through actions such as music, dance, or drama executed alive by an artist or other participant in the presence of an audience,-in suicide prevention programs. PubMed, Embase, PsycINFO, CINAHL, ProQuest Psychology Database, Scopus, and Web of Science were searched using terms in English for publications of original studies that included performing arts in suicide prevention programs. Thirty-five studies conducted between 1981 and 2021 were identified, of which only five were randomized clinical trials and four quasi-randomized studies. Interventions used different performing arts to improve awareness, self-efficacy, and soft skills relevant to suicide prevention. Studies were addressed mainly to gatekeepers but also directly to at-risk populations. While the study designs do not allow inferences to be drawn about the effectiveness of performing arts in preventing suicide, the review found that performing arts have been successfully implemented in suicide prevention programs. Research to evaluate the possible therapeutic benefit is warranted.


Assuntos
Arte , Drama , Música , Humanos , Fatores de Risco , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
9.
Clin J Sport Med ; 32(6): e627-e634, 2022 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36315828

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Identifying which types of athletes have increased injury risk (ie, predictive risk factors) should help develop cost-effective selective injury prevention strategies. Our objective was to compare a theoretical injury risk classification system developed by coaches and rehabilitation therapists, with observed injury rates in human circus acts across dimensions of physical stressors, acrobatic complexity, qualifications, and residual risks. DESIGN: Descriptive epidemiological study. SETTING: professional circus company. PATIENTS OR OTHER PARTICIPANTS: Human circus artists performing in routine roles between 2007 and 2017. ASSESSMENT OF RISK FACTORS: Characteristics of circus acts categorized according to 4 different dimensions. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Medical attention injury rates (injury requiring a visit to the therapist), time-loss injury rates (TL-1; injury resulting in at least one missed performance), and time-loss 15 injury rates (TL-15; injury resulting in at least 15 missed performances). RESULTS: Among 962 artists with 1 373 572 performances, 89.4% (860/962) incurred at least one medical attention injury, 74.2% (714/962) incurred at least one TL-1 injury, and 50.8% (489/962) incurred at least one TL-15 injury. There were important inconsistencies between theoretical and observed injury risk patterns in each of the 4 dimensions for all injury definitions (medical attention, TL-1, and TL-15). CONCLUSIONS: Although theoretical classifications are the only option when no data are available, observed risk patterns based on injury surveillance programs can help identify artists who have a high (or low) theoretical risk but are nonetheless actually at low (or high) risk of injury, given their current roles. This will help develop more cost-effective selective injury prevention programs.


Assuntos
Arte , Traumatismos em Atletas , Humanos , Traumatismos em Atletas/epidemiologia , Atletas , Fatores de Risco
10.
Front Public Health ; 10: 985884, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36311644

RESUMO

Introduction: Mounting empirical evidence underscores the health benefits of the arts, as recently reported in a scoping review by the World Health Organization. The creative arts in particular are acknowledged to be a public health resource that can be beneficial for well-being and health. Within this broad context, and as a subfield of participatory arts, the term social arts (SA) specifically refers to an art made by socially engaged professionals (e.g., artists, creative arts therapists, social workers, etc.) with non-professionals who determine together the content and the final art product (in theater, visual arts, music, literature, etc.) with the aim to produce meaningful social changes. SA can enhance individual, community, and public health in times of sociopolitical instability and is an active field in Israel. However, SA is still an under-investigated field of study worldwide that is hard to characterize, typify, or evaluate. This paper presents a research protocol designed to examine a tripartite empirically-based model of SA that will cover a wide range of SA training programs, implementations, and impacts. The findings will help refine the definition of SA and inform practitioners, trainers, and researchers, as well as funding bodies and policymakers, on the content and impact of SA projects in Israel and beyond. Methods and analysis: This 3-stage mixed methods study will be based on the collection of primary qualitative and arts-based data and secondary, complementary, quantitative data. Triangulation and member checking procedures will be conducted to strengthen the trustworthiness of the findings obtained from different stakeholders. Discussion: Growing interest in the contribution of arts to individual and public health underscores the importance of creating an empirically grounded model for SA. The study was approved by the university ethics committee and is supported by the Israel Science Foundation. All participants will sign an informed consent form and will be guaranteed confidentiality and anonymity. Data collection will be conducted in the next 2 years (2022 to 2024). After data analysis, the findings will be disseminated via publications and conferences.


Assuntos
Arte , Música , Humanos , Saúde Pública , Promoção da Saúde , Israel
11.
BMJ ; 379: o2500, 2022 10 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36252956
13.
Health Promot Pract ; 23(5): 759-760, 2022 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36222405

RESUMO

This poem was written as a meditation on care and upholding abolition values such as building safety and repairing what is in need of revolution. Within arm's reach of a more healthful narrative, the poem describes a person who sees the world burning, and remains committed to tending to her hopeful heart and others. It is shared here to archive a remarkable moment of recognition between two artists. The story is that, while in attendance at a virtual Black community circle a few years ago, my friend, Lily, shared her collage artwork, one among them titled, Spilling Out. This image among many spectacular pieces immediately struck my spirit. It prompted me to recall a poem I had written several months before. In the spirit of call and response, I offered this poem to her and my community, extending the metaphor of spilling out, shifting contexts, and sparking dialogue on what it means for us in practice to transpose and change places in our respective fields. Lily Nimo Ngaruiya is a Black, Kenyan-American, queer artist, educator, and Black liberation seeker. Lily's watercolor collage pieces reflect the emotionality of Black womanhood and the journey of exploring her own fears and desires. Each image selected is rooted in her own intuition-restructuring, revising, and reimagining until the world within her piece feels complete. Through images, textures, and patterns, Lily aims to create a universe for Black femmes to exist fully. To view the original version of this poem, see the supplemental material section of this article online.


Assuntos
Arte , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero , Feminino , Humanos , Quênia , Narração
14.
Pediatrics ; 150(5)2022 11 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36305210

Assuntos
Arte , Humanos , Comunicação
15.
Methodist Debakey Cardiovasc J ; 18(4): 97-100, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36132577

RESUMO

After a tumultuous time in the United States, including flunking out of medical school in 1901, Gertrude Stein, an iconic American author, art lover, and critic, moved to Paris in 1903 as an avant garde modernist who became a leading and legendary guru in the Parisian art and literature world.


Assuntos
Redação , Arte , História do Século XX , Humanos , Paris , Médicos , Estados Unidos
16.
Explore (NY) ; 18(6): 630-631, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36089489

Assuntos
Arte , Humanos
17.
Comput Intell Neurosci ; 2022: 8576522, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36164422

RESUMO

The development of the times, the advancement of technology, and the innovation of the Internet have formed the soil for the growth of network literature and art. At present, there are still problems in the network literature and art, such as mixed fish and dragons, low quality, emphasis on entertainment, and weak responsibility, but its development is expected. Network literature and art is the product of the combination of literature and art and the development of science and technology. Meanwhile, network literature and art are an important part of social and economic development. It needs to seize the new opportunities of mobile digital technology to empower the creation, production, and dissemination of online literary and artistic works. Control the quality of online literature and art, guide its positive dissemination, and make it contribute to the prosperity of the entire Chinese literature and art.


Assuntos
Arte , Publicações , Tecnologia
18.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 15602, 2022 09 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36114237

RESUMO

Studying highly valuable and fragile Renaissance drawings requires a non-invasive contactless analytical approach. In this work, we study an early drawing by Raffaello Sanzio, one of the most important artists of the Italian Renaissance, realized during his stay in Florence (1504-1508). Our analyses aimed to reveal the features of the paper support significant for its dating, identify and map the drawing media to understand the artist's technical approach, and document the drawing condition with imaging and single-sited optical methods. Reflectance Vis-NIR multispectral imaging spectroscopy elaborated with False-Colour and Principal Component Analysis provided information about the paper support and the drawing media. Laser scanning micro-profilometry and Optical Coherence Tomography allowed revealing the superficial micro-scale features of the support. The chemical composition of the different drawing materials was characterized by µ-Raman spectroscopy, which provided also some evidence of the conservation history of the drawing. Integration of spectroscopic and imaging data shows that Raffaello used different dry drawing media (carbon-based and Pb stylus) to sketch the figure and then refined the details and shadows with iron-gall ink. The paper presents a methodological approach for the analytical examination of fragile paper artworks.


Assuntos
Arte , Chumbo , Itália , Análise Espectral Raman/métodos , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica
19.
BMJ Open ; 12(9): e058874, 2022 09 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36123098

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The COVID-19 crisis has led to the adoption of strict and coercive preventive measures. The implementation of these measures has generated negative impacts for many communities. The situation is especially worrisome for Indigenous communities in Peru. Therefore, it is necessary to recognise the contribution of the experiential knowledge of Indigenous communities and to implement innovative approaches. The use of art can be a promising avenue for working in partnership with Indigenous communities.The goal of this research is to (1) develop an intervention promoting barrier measures and vaccination to limit the transmission of COVID-19 among Indigenous communities using an arts-based and community-based knowledge translation and exchange (ACKTE) model; and (2) understand the contextual elements and mechanisms associated with the process of developing a preventive intervention using the ACKTE model. METHODOLOGY AND ANALYSIS: This research will take place in Indigenous communities in Peru and will be based on a developmental evaluation guided by the principles of realist evaluation. Members of two Indigenous communities, local authorities, health professionals and artists will participate in the intervention development process as well as in the developmental evaluation. For data collection, we will conduct modified talking circles and semistructured individual interviews with stakeholders as well as an analysis of documents and artistic works produced. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION OF RESULTS: This research received the approval of the Université du Québec à Rimouski's research ethics board. In addition to scientific articles, the results of this research will be disseminated through videos and during an artistic performance.


Assuntos
Arte , COVID-19 , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Saúde Pública , Ciência Translacional Biomédica
20.
Cell ; 185(21): 3839-3843, 2022 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36174577

RESUMO

The creative process in art and science involves two phases-generating and exploring new and wild ideas (building castles in the sky) and then narrowing down and focusing on the most tractable and useful ones (building houses of cards that don't topple over).


Assuntos
Distinções e Prêmios , Criatividade , Ciência , Arte , Humanos
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...