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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36294225

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The main objective was to examine sexual assertiveness and sexual satisfaction in people who have sex under the influence of alcohol and drugs, considering the type of substance consumed, the frequency of consumption, gender, and sexual orientation. METHODS: The sample consisted of 274 adults who had sexual relationships consuming substances. A questionnaire composed of sociodemographic, sexual history and substance use items, the Sexual Assertiveness Scale and the Global Measure of Sexual Satisfaction were administered. RESULTS: Gender differences were found in sexual assertiveness and in the frequency of substance use. Women reported greater sexual assertiveness and greater alcohol consumption. Men reported greater consumption of different types of substances. Furthermore, bisexual participants showed greater assertiveness and STI prevention. Homosexual participants reported a higher frequency of the consumption of poppers, mephedrone, and GBL/GHB. Sexual assertiveness was associated with sexual satisfaction. Greater consumption of some types of substances was related to sexual assertiveness, STI prevention, and sexual satisfaction. CONCLUSIONS: The association found between sexual assertiveness and sexual satisfaction in a specific context of substance use in sexual relationships corroborates the important role that these psychosexual variables have in sexual health, in view of the frequency and type of drug consumed, gender, and sexual orientation.


Assuntos
Infecções Sexualmente Transmissíveis , Oxibato de Sódio , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Assertividade , Orgasmo , Comportamento Sexual , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/epidemiologia , Infecções Sexualmente Transmissíveis/epidemiologia , Infecções Sexualmente Transmissíveis/prevenção & controle
2.
J Med Imaging Radiat Sci ; 53(4): 605-611, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35965194

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Speaking up by health professionals is essential for patient safety. To ensure that student radiographers are well equipped in professional practice at the time of graduation, their capacity to speak up openly in the clinical setting is very important. This study assessed student radiographers' ability to speak up in the face of patient safety compromises during their clinical rotation and how it impacts their learning. METHODS: Twenty-four (24) final-year radiography students at the University of Ghana, who were then the only final years in the country, were recruited for the study. Questionnaires about assertive communication using a harm index score were given to the students who consented to participate in the study. The data were analysed using Microsoft Excel version 13 and SPSS version 20. RESULTS: The study recorded a response rate of 96% of which the majority (66.7%) were males. The majority (75%) of the participants would not speak up about patient safety issues for reasons. Moreover, 95.8% of the participants got confused when they observed a disparity between clinical practice and lessons taught in the lecture room. CONCLUSION: The ability of students to speak up is dependent on several factors encountered in the clinical area. For students to be able to function well in a clinical team, they need to be competent to speak up to ensure patient safety irrespective of who they work with. This study identified that students preferred to express themselves non-verbally in some situations that deal with patient safety compromises, instead of speaking up. Improving a culture of respect and freedom to speak up in healthcare settings would ensure patient wellbeing.


Assuntos
Pessoal Técnico de Saúde , Assertividade , Masculino , Humanos , Feminino , Gana , Estudantes , Pessoal de Saúde
3.
Br J Nurs ; 31(15): 790-798, 2022 Aug 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35980922

RESUMO

Assertive communication is a skill that many nurses, particularly nursing students, find challenging. This article describes the findings of phenomenological study that set out to explore third-year student nurses' experiences of using assertive communication in the clinical setting. A narrative enquiry approach reviewed six reflective written accounts of their experiences. In addition, seven students took part in an in-depth semi-structured group discussion of their clinical experiences. Data were analysed using a hybrid interpretive phenomenological analysis and discourse analysis framework. Three key themes emerged: a sense of responsibility/duty and a sense of failure when this is not upheld, the importance of mentors in promoting self-confidence and self-esteem, and a sense of belonging on placement. The students responded well to positive role models and were able to identify negative role models. Accurate, constructive feedback and support was important to help students reflect appropriately.


Assuntos
Bacharelado em Enfermagem , Estudantes de Enfermagem , Assertividade , Comunicação , Humanos , Mentores , Pesquisa Qualitativa
4.
Libyan J Med ; 17(1): 2095727, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35775812

RESUMO

Assertiveness is a constructive interpersonal behavior alternative to manipulation and aggression. Medical students (MSs) have daily interpersonal interactions with colleagues, patients and families. Yet, communication deficiencies due to hesitancy to speak-up assertively lead to adverse patient outcomes. This study aimed to assess levels of assertive behaviors (ABs), and to determine its predictors within a sample of first-year Tunisian MSs. This was a cross-sectional survey including 125 first-year MSs from Tunisia. ABs were measured by the Rathus assertiveness scale. Potential independent predictors of AB were evaluated using the following questionnaires: Rosenberg self-esteem scale, interpersonal communication skills inventory short-form-36quality of life questionnaire, and general health questionnaire. In addition, some MSs' characteristics were considered (eg; age, sex, living with family, assertiveness training, community work, personal medical field choice, smoking, and alcohol use). Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed. Among the 309 MSs, 125 (40.45%) responded to the survey. AB were found in 36.8% of MSs. Multiple linear regression models revealed that self-esteem global scores, sending clear messages, anxiety/depression and male sex were accountable for 31% in AB scores variance. Targeting self-esteem and interpersonal communication skills (sending clear messages) and identifying subgroups of students with anxiety/depression state would influence ABs.


Assuntos
Assertividade , Estudantes de Medicina , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Masculino , Autoimagem , Inquéritos e Questionários
5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35682330

RESUMO

Cyberhate represents a risk to adolescents' development and peaceful coexistence in democratic societies. Yet, not much is known about the relationship between adolescents' ability to cope with cyberhate and their cyberhate involvement. To fill current gaps in the literature and inform the development of media education programs, the present study investigated various coping strategies in a hypothetical cyberhate scenario as correlates for being cyberhate victims, perpetrators, and both victim-perpetrators. The sample consisted of 6829 adolescents aged 12-18 years old (Mage = 14.93, SD = 1.64; girls: 50.4%, boys: 48.9%, and 0.7% did not indicate their gender) from Asia, Europe, and North America. Results showed that adolescents who endorsed distal advice or endorsed technical coping showed a lower likelihood to be victims, perpetrators, or victim-perpetrators. In contrast, if adolescents felt helpless or endorsed retaliation to cope with cyberhate, they showed higher odds of being involved in cyberhate as victims, perpetrators, or victim-perpetrators. Finally, adolescents who endorsed close support as a coping strategy showed a lower likelihood to be victim-perpetrators, and adolescents who endorsed assertive coping showed higher odds of being victims. In conclusion, the results confirm the importance of addressing adolescents' ability to deal with cyberhate to develop more tailored prevention approaches. More specifically, such initiatives should focus on adolescents who feel helpless or feel inclined to retaliate. In addition, adolescents should be educated to practice distal advice and technical coping when experiencing cyberhate. Implications for the design and instruction of evidence-based cyberhate prevention (e.g., online educational games, virtual learning environments) will be discussed.


Assuntos
Vítimas de Crime , Adaptação Psicológica , Adolescente , Ásia , Assertividade , Criança , Europa (Continente) , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino
6.
Violence Vict ; 37(3): 367-380, 2022 06 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35654490

RESUMO

The aim of the present two-wave prospective study was twofold: (1) to identify the role of assertiveness in exposure to workplace bullying and (2) to determine causal and reverse causal long-term associations between workplace bullying exposure, working conditions and assertiveness. In the present two-wave panel design study (N = 128), with a six-month lag, high assertiveness predicted exposure to bullying. Furthermore, in line with the work environment hypothesis, the results indicate that negative workplace conditions in the first wave led to workplace bullying exposure. The findings suggest that assertive communication may be inappropriate in the case of workplace bullying. As such, we argue that functional assertiveness could be useful.


Assuntos
Bullying , Estresse Ocupacional , Assertividade , Humanos , Estudos Prospectivos , Local de Trabalho
7.
Diagn. tratamento ; 27(2): 39-41, abr-jun. 2022.
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1369108

Assuntos
Assertividade
8.
Tijdschr Psychiatr ; 64(4): 206-213, 2022.
Artigo em Holandês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35506973

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Interpersonal behavioral style (IPBS) refers to the way in which someone behaves in social contact. IPBS affects the type and quality of different social interactions including the therapeutic relationship. The therapeutic relationship correlates with treatment outcome, IPBS possibly too. The direction of that relationship remains unclear. AIM: To examine the predictive value of IPBS on treatment outcome in group treatment. METHOD: 149 patients were divided in different types of IPBS: degree of affiliation (kindness vs. hostility), degree of dominance (dominant vs. submissive), quadrants (combination of affiliation and dominance) and vector length (strength of IPBS). Treatment outcome was measured in experienced psychopathology, social anxiety and frequency of social contact. Groups were compared by using one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA). Significant differences were analyzed using Tukey's post-hoc analysis. RESULTS: Vector length predicted all treatment outcome measures. The degree of dominance predicted only scores on social anxiety and frequency of social contact. The degree of affiliation did not predict any treatment results. CONCLUSION: Findings suggest that adult patients with stronger IPBS and a more submissive, sub-assertive IPBS experienced lower social anxiety scores and increased frequency of social contact after treatment. A stronger IPBS also predicts lower experienced psychopathology post-treatment. The degree of kindness/hostility does not affect treatment outcome.


Assuntos
Assertividade , Relações Interpessoais , Adulto , Humanos , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
J Sex Marital Ther ; 48(8): 779-788, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35321637

RESUMO

The World Health Organization (WHO), defines sexual well-being as a multifaceted construct, consisting of more than absence of disease or experiences of pleasure. Further, the WHO suggests that sexual knowledge should contribute to sexual well-being. We examined the relationship between personal sexual knowledge-knowing one's individual sexual preferences-and sexual health knowledge-awareness of reproduction, contraception, and diseases-and sexual well-being, comprised of sexual satisfaction, assertiveness, and competence in a sample of 484 emerging adults. Personal sexual knowledge but not sexual health knowledge, was a significant predictor of sexual well-being. Further, this relationship was moderated by gender (stronger for women) but not prior sex education.


Assuntos
Anticoncepção , Comportamento Sexual , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Assertividade , Prazer
10.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 119(13): e2118244119, 2022 03 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35312365

RESUMO

SignificanceTo date, researchers and practitioners have focused on the academic challenges of underrepresented ethnic groups in the United States. In comparison, Asians have received limited attention, as they are commonly assumed to excel across all educational stages. Six large studies challenge this assumption by revealing that East Asians (but not South Asians) underperform in US law schools and business schools. This is not because East Asians are less academically motivated or less proficient in English but because their low verbal assertiveness is culturally incongruent with the assertiveness prized by US law and business schools. Online classes (via Zoom) mitigated East Asians' underperformance in courses emphasizing assertiveness and class participation. Educators should reexamine pedagogical practices to create a culturally inclusive classroom.


Assuntos
Assertividade , Instituições Acadêmicas , Escolaridade , Etnicidade , Humanos , Estados Unidos
11.
Arch Sex Behav ; 51(3): 1509-1520, 2022 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35112268

RESUMO

Women are socialized to endorse femininity scripts mandating that they prioritize others' needs and engage in self-silencing behaviors. Further, Black women may also endorse the strong Black woman (SBW) ideal, by which they are expected to selflessly meet the needs of their family and community and, as such, may embrace self-silencing in their interpersonal relationships. In a sample of 597 Black undergraduate and graduate college women, we tested whether: (1) self-silencing and SBW ideal endorsement would be independently, inversely associated with three dimensions of sexual assertiveness-communication assertiveness, refusal assertiveness, and pleasure-focused assertiveness; and (2) the association between self-silencing and sexual assertiveness would be stronger among Black women who endorse the SBW ideal. Correlational and regression analyses revealed that self-silencing was negatively linked to all dimensions of sexual assertiveness; SBW ideal endorsement was associated with lower levels of communication and pleasure-focused assertiveness. As expected, SBW ideal endorsement moderated the association between Black women's engagement in self-silencing and two dimensions of sexual assertiveness. Self-silencing was associated with less communication and pleasure-focused assertiveness regardless of their level of SBW endorsement. Findings highlight the complexities of Black women's desire to fulfill expectations to be strong, assertive, and/or compliant and silent. Interventions to promote Black women's sexual health should address sexual assertiveness and feminine silencing norms.


Assuntos
Assertividade , Comportamento Sexual , Feminino , Humanos , Relações Interpessoais , Estudantes , Universidades
12.
J Sex Marital Ther ; 48(6): 628-640, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35188080

RESUMO

In the present study we investigated the reliability and validity of an Implicit Association Test of sexual assertiveness (the SA-IAT) in a sample of young adults (n = 159). The D600 algorithm was used to calculate implicit sexual assertiveness scores. Explicit sexual assertiveness was measured using a selection of items from the Hurlbert Index of Sexual Assertiveness. Personality traits were assessed using the revised, short version of the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire. The internal consistency of the SA-IAT was evaluated based on split-half reliability, and found acceptable with α = 0.61 for the practice trials, and α = 0.70 for the test trials, after correction for attenuation. Convergent and divergent validity were evaluated using correlation analysis. Correlation with explicit sexual assertiveness was found to be low, as expected. Divergent validity of the SA-IAT was evaluated against the personality traits of extraversion, neuroticism, and social desirability. Except for a significant correlation of implicit sexual assertiveness with extraversion in the full sample and the female subsample, implicit sexual assertiveness and personality traits were not found to share variance, as expected.


Assuntos
Assertividade , Comportamento Sexual , Feminino , Humanos , Países Baixos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Adulto Jovem
13.
J Interpers Violence ; 37(7-8): NP4889-NP4904, 2022 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32438885

RESUMO

Sexual coercion is a global problem that has been studied widely with regard to various characteristics of the perpetrators. The Dark Triad of personality (i.e., narcissism, Machiavellianism, and primary and secondary psychopathy) has been indicated as an important predictor of coercive cognitions and behaviors. In this study, we report findings of an online study (N = 208), exploring the relationship between sexual coercion, the Dark Triad, and sexual assertiveness (i.e., strategies for achieving sexual autonomy). We found that the Dark Triad was a stronger predictor of sexual coercion in men than in women. In men, all the Dark Triad components were significantly, positively correlated with sexual coercion, and narcissism and Machiavellianism had significant, negative correlations with sexual assertiveness. In women, only narcissism had a significant, positive correlation with sexual coercion, and the Dark Triad traits were not correlated with sexual assertiveness. In regression analyses, controlling for shared variance between the predictor variables, high secondary psychopathy, and low sexual assertiveness emerged as significant predictors of coercion in men. Only narcissism was a significant positive predictor in women. We discuss the results with a reference to evolutionary Life History theory.


Assuntos
Assertividade , Coerção , Transtorno da Personalidade Antissocial , Feminino , Humanos , Maquiavelismo , Masculino , Narcisismo , Comportamento Sexual
14.
Psychol Rep ; 125(1): 29-54, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33334248

RESUMO

This study explored the relation between assertiveness and parental behavior as perceived by young adults through parental acceptance-rejection and behavioral and psychological control. Αssertiveness is a mode of personal behavior and communication characterized by willingness to stand up for one's own needs and interests in an open and direct way. Inappropriate parenting may be associated with assertiveness difficulties and as evidence-based findings from many surveys have shown that assertive skills can be improved, it seems to be of great importance to examine the relation between assertiveness and parental rejection along with lack of support, and vice versa. In this study, assertiveness was investigated using the Rathus Assertiveness Schedule and parental behavior was studied using the Adult Parental Acceptance-Rejection/Control Questionnaire. Psychosocial personality traits and psychological control were assessed through the Adult Personality Assessment Questionnaire and the Psychological Control Scale, respectively. The sample consisted of 1,117 university students from Greek universities in Athens, Greece, and in Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina (B&H). For all measures and their psychometric structure, factor equivalence for the two countries was verified through congruence coefficients and through confirmatory factor analyses. Findings showed that in respect to the Greek sample (but not the B&H sample), assertive-behavior skills are more common among men than women. Assertiveness for all participants is correlated with maternal psychological control and paternal acceptance and also with self-evaluation and worldview. Apparently, maternal psychological control and paternal acceptance-rejection seemed to be associated with young adults' levels of assertiveness to a greater degree than with the other parental behavior parameters assessed in the present research.


Assuntos
Assertividade , Rejeição em Psicologia , Bósnia e Herzegóvina , Feminino , Grécia , Humanos , Masculino , Pais , Adulto Jovem
15.
Violence Against Women ; 28(9): 1947-1964, 2022 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34160329

RESUMO

Preliminary evidence suggests social anxiety may increase the risk of sexual victimization via decreased sexual assertiveness. A sample of 2,043 undergraduate students completed an online survey. Analyses of moderated indirect effects examined whether gender or ethnicity moderated the indirect effect of social anxiety on sexual victimization via sexual assertiveness. No moderation effects were found, but the indirect effect of social anxiety on sexual victimization via sexual assertiveness was significant for all five types of sexual victimization. Clinically, the findings suggest that sexual assault risk reduction programs may be improved by including assertive resistance strategies and behavioral rehearsals.


Assuntos
Vítimas de Crime , Delitos Sexuais , Ansiedade/etiologia , Assertividade , Humanos , Comportamento Sexual
16.
J Interpers Violence ; 37(19-20): NP17473-NP17491, 2022 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34229531

RESUMO

Sexual assault and sexual re-assault are common problems on college campuses for women, and experiencing an initial assault dramatically increases risk for experiencing sexual re-assault. Low use of sexual refusal assertiveness and assertive resistance strategy intentions has been found to predict initial victimization, yet few studies to date look collectively at the associations of sexual refusal assertiveness and assertive resistance strategy intentions to sexual re-assault. The current study examined both sexual refusal assertiveness and assertive resistance strategy intentions as potential moderators of sexual re-assault among college women. It was hypothesized that the association between sexual assault severity before college and sexual assault severity since college would be stronger among those with low sexual refusal assertiveness compared to those with high sexual refusal assertiveness (Hypothesis 1). it was also hypothesized that the association between sexual assault severity before college and sexual assault severity since college would be stronger among those who endorsed assertive resistance strategy intentions (Hypothesis 2). Participants (N = 623) included college women at a large, public university within the northwestern region of the United States, who completed a web-based survey. Results revealed that the association between sexual assault severity before college and sexual assault severity since college was significant among those with lower levels of sexual refusal assertiveness (t = 91.42, p < 0 .001). Results also revealed that the association between sexual assault severity before college and sexual assault severity since college was stronger among those who endorsed non-assertive resistance strategy intentions to a potential sexual assault scenario (t = 25.09, p < 0.001). These findings provide insight into risk for sexual re-assault, wherein risk reduction programmatic efforts may be targeted towards women entering college with a sexual assault history to increase their use of sexual refusal assertiveness and assertive resistance strategy intentions.


Assuntos
Vítimas de Crime , Delitos Sexuais , Assertividade , Feminino , Humanos , Intenção , Estudantes , Estados Unidos , Universidades
17.
J Sex Res ; 59(2): 203-211, 2022 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33528275

RESUMO

Western studies have demonstrated that female sexual assertiveness is positively associated with sexual satisfaction in a committed heterosexual relationship. Furthermore, the ability of women to refuse sex has been shown to protect them from unwanted sexual contact and to lead to fewer sexual victimization experiences and less risky sexual behavior. However, there is little research on female sexual assertiveness that included both the own (actor effect) and partner (partner effect) impact of female sexual assertiveness on sexual satisfaction from a dyadic approach, involving both members of a couple. The data for the present study came from a representative sample of Chinese couples collected by the Hong Kong Family Planning Association in 2017. Using the actor-partner interdependence model, the results indicated that female sexual initiation was positively associated with both their own and their partner's sexual satisfaction. However, female sexual refusal was not associated with the sexual satisfaction of either party. These findings suggest the importance of adopting a dyadic approach in sex research to capture the mutual influences between partners. Couples should be encouraged to express their sexual desires and refuse unwanted sex requests honestly to improve their and their partner's sexual satisfaction.


Assuntos
Assertividade , Orgasmo , Feminino , Hong Kong , Humanos , Relações Interpessoais , Satisfação Pessoal , Comportamento Sexual , Parceiros Sexuais
18.
Psychol Health ; 37(11): 1309-1326, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34187269

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: There is insufficient evidence for the effectiveness of various tones of communication in modifying health behaviours. We examine the moderating role of assertiveness in the effect of positive/negative language on emotional responses (optimism, self-efficacy, and guilt), and resulting preventive health behaviours. DESIGN: Three experiments were employed. An online experiment tests the relationship between positive/negative language and assertiveness when people communicate about healthful eating. Next, a field study examines the moderating effect of assertiveness in positive and negative language encouraging using sunscreen among street passers-by. Third, an online study explores whether the effect of assertiveness in positive and negative messages on hand-washing intentions is mediated by increased optimism and self-efficacy, and decreased guilt, respectively. RESULTS: Positive language increases compliance when expressed assertively because the assertive tone emphasises optimism and self-efficacy. Conversely, negative communication is more effective when expressed non-assertively, because of the replenishing effect of the gentler tone on the guilt evoked by the negative communication. CONCLUSION: Assertiveness serves as an intensifier of what is being communicated. When considering whether to employ positive or negative language in health messaging, assertiveness should be considered as part of the design of effective health communication strategies leading to health promoting behaviour change.


Assuntos
Assertividade , Idioma , Humanos , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Emoções , Serviços Preventivos de Saúde
19.
Am J Pharm Educ ; 86(6): 8761, 2022 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34785498

RESUMO

Objective. The objectives of this study were to develop situational judgment test (SJT) scenarios for use in teaching empathy, assertiveness, and interprofessional communication in second-year pharmacy (P2) students and ethics in third-year pharmacy (P3) students, determine whether the SJTs developed were effective at measuring students' communication skills and ethical judgment, compare the performance of individual third-year students to the performance of teams of third-year students on the ethics SJT, and evaluate student feedback about SJTs as a teaching tool.Methods. Pharmacy faculty developed five SJT scenarios related to communications and five SJT scenarios related to ethics and piloted the scenarios with P2 and P3 students, respectively. Second-year students completed SJTs individually, while P3 students completed SJTs individually and in teams. Scenarios and responses were discussed with faculty after completion of the SJTs, and students completed a questionnaire to provide feedback on the SJTs.Results. The communications SJT was completed by 59 P2 students with a mean score of 67.5%. The ethics SJT was completed by 57 P3 students with a mean score of 80.1%. The ethics SJT was also completed by 10 teams of P3 students resulting in a mean score of 93.2%. Students indicated the SJT content was realistic and the tests provided the opportunity to reflect on how to approach challenging situations.Conclusion. Situational judgment tests were useful for teaching empathy, assertiveness, interprofessional communication, and ethics in pharmacy students. Future research should focus on predictive validity of SJTs for these content areas.


Assuntos
Educação em Farmácia , Julgamento , Assertividade , Comunicação , Educação em Farmácia/métodos , Empatia , Humanos , Julgamento/fisiologia
20.
Arch Sex Behav ; 51(1): 621-632, 2022 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34762247

RESUMO

Existing literature shows conflicting and inconclusive evidence regarding women's sexual experiences in casual sex. Some studies have found negative sexual outcomes (e.g., fewer orgasms), while others have found positive sexual outcomes (e.g., more orgasms, higher sexual satisfaction) when women had casual sex. According to self-determination theory (Deci & Ryan, 1985), people's needs are fulfilled when their choice and behavior are self-motivated and reflect their intrinsic values. We hypothesized that women's autonomous motivation to have casual sex would be associated with higher orgasmic function, whereas nonautonomous motivation would be associated with lower orgasmic function in casual sex. We also hypothesized that sexual assertiveness would mediate the relationship between sexual motives and orgasmic function in casual sex. Participants in this study were women (N = 401) aged 18-59 years who reported having had casual sex in the past 12 months. Participants completed an online survey reporting their motives to have casual sex, sexual assertiveness, and orgasmic function (e.g., orgasm frequency, satisfaction with orgasm) in casual sex. We focused on two motives: (a) pleasure motive and (b) insecurity (i.e., self-esteem boost and pressure) motive. Results showed that greater pleasure (autonomous) motives related to higher sexual assertiveness, which in turn related to higher orgasmic function in casual sex. In contrast, greater insecurity (nonautonomous) motives related to lower sexual assertiveness, which in turn related to lower orgasmic function in casual sex. The findings support self-determination theory, suggesting that autonomous motives are important for women's sexual experience in casual sex.


Assuntos
Assertividade , Orgasmo , Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Motivação , Comportamento Sexual , Parceiros Sexuais , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
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