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2.
World Neurosurg ; 158: xx-xxi, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35922996
3.
Acad Med ; 97(8): 1095, 2022 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35917537

Assuntos
Autoimagem , Vergonha , Humanos
4.
Neurosurg Focus ; 53(2): E9, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35916091

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Imposter syndrome (IS) occurs when high-achieving individuals have a pervasive sense of self-doubt combined with fear of being exposed as a fraud, despite objective measures of success. This is one of the main causes of burnout among professionals, threatening their mental health and general well-being. The prevalence and severity of IS among neurosurgery residents and young neurosurgeons has not been yet studied. The primary outcomes of this study were the prevalence and severity of IS. METHODS: An anonymous cross-sectional survey including both a demographic questionnaire (Clance Imposter Phenomenon Survey) and compensatory mechanisms was distributed to young neurosurgeons and residents in neurosurgery in Italy. RESULTS: A total of 103 responses were collected. The prevalence rate was 81.6%. Among the respondents with IS, 42.7% showed moderate signs, 27.2% frequent, and only 11.7% had an intense symptomatology. Level of education, female sex, and academic achievements were all identified as predictive factors of IS. CONCLUSIONS: A total of 81.6% of respondents reported potentially significant levels. The implications of IS on both the outcomes in patients and the well-being of neurosurgeons should be evaluated in future studies.


Assuntos
Internato e Residência , Neurocirurgia , Transtornos de Ansiedade , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Neurocirurgiões/educação , Neurocirurgia/educação , Prevalência , Autoimagem , Inquéritos e Questionários
5.
PLoS One ; 17(8): e0271396, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35921291

RESUMO

Implicit math = male stereotypes have been found in early childhood and are linked to girls' disproportionate disengagement from math-related activities and later careers. Yet, little is known about how malleable children's automatic stereotypes are, especially in response to brief interventions. In a sample of 336 six- to eleven-year-olds, we experimentally tested whether exposure to a brief story vignette intervention with either stereotypical, neutral, or counter-stereotypical content (three conditions: math = boy vs. neutral vs. math = girl) could change implicit math-gender stereotypes. Results suggested that children's implicit math = male stereotypes were indeed responsive to brief stories that either reinforced or countered the widespread math = male stereotype. Children exposed to the counter-stereotypical stories showed significantly lower (and non-significant) stereotypes compared to children exposed to the stereotypical stories. Critically, exposure to stories that perpetuated math = male stereotypes significantly increased math-gender stereotypes over and above baseline, underscoring that implicit gender biases that are readily formed during this period in childhood and even brief exposure to stereotypical content can strengthen them. As a secondary question, we also examined whether changes in stereotypes might also lead to changes in implicit math self-concept. Evidence for effects on implicit self-concept were not statistically significant.


Assuntos
Autoimagem , Estereotipagem , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Identidade de Gênero , Humanos , Masculino , Matemática , Comportamento Estereotipado
6.
Multimedia | Recursos Multimídia | ID: multimedia-9850

RESUMO

Neste período pós pandemia abundam problemas como ansiedade, síndrome do pânico, estados depressivos, desânimo e desesperança, desencadeados pelo medo e isolamento social. O cuidado da saúde mental sempre foi reconhecido como um dos pontos fortes do tratamento homeopático. Esta live – Homeopatia no cuidado da saúde mental - tem o objetivo de explicitar abordagem homeopática desses transtornos e proporcionar acalento, esperança e a possibilidade de viver os novos tempos de modo a realizar os mais altos fins de nossa existência, como desejava Hahnemann – o pai da Homeopatia.


Assuntos
Homeopatia , Saúde Mental , Isolamento Social , Transtorno de Adição à Internet , Autoimagem , COVID-19/psicologia , Transtornos Mentais
7.
Ann Intern Med ; 175(6): 894, 2022 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35793496

Assuntos
Autoimagem , Humanos
8.
Kennedy Inst Ethics J ; 32(2): 127-171, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35815503

RESUMO

In this article, I argue that adolescent medical transition is ethical by analogizing it to abortion and birth control. The interventions are similar insofar as they intervene on healthy physiological states by reason of the person's fundamental self-conception and desired life, and their effectiveness is defined by their ability to achieve patients' embodiment goals. Since the evidence of mental health benefits is comparable between adolescent medical transition, abortion, and birth control, disallowing transition-related interventions would betray an unacceptable double standard. While great enough risks can override autonomy over fundamental aspects of personal identity, I demonstrate that the available scientific evidence does not corroborate the view that adolescent medical transition is dangerous. Consequently, adolescent medical transition should be recognized as ethical and remain available.


Assuntos
Princípios Morais , Saúde Reprodutiva , Adolescente , Feminino , Humanos , Saúde Mental , Gravidez , Autoimagem
9.
Libyan J Med ; 17(1): 2095727, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35775812

RESUMO

Assertiveness is a constructive interpersonal behavior alternative to manipulation and aggression. Medical students (MSs) have daily interpersonal interactions with colleagues, patients and families. Yet, communication deficiencies due to hesitancy to speak-up assertively lead to adverse patient outcomes. This study aimed to assess levels of assertive behaviors (ABs), and to determine its predictors within a sample of first-year Tunisian MSs. This was a cross-sectional survey including 125 first-year MSs from Tunisia. ABs were measured by the Rathus assertiveness scale. Potential independent predictors of AB were evaluated using the following questionnaires: Rosenberg self-esteem scale, interpersonal communication skills inventory short-form-36quality of life questionnaire, and general health questionnaire. In addition, some MSs' characteristics were considered (eg; age, sex, living with family, assertiveness training, community work, personal medical field choice, smoking, and alcohol use). Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed. Among the 309 MSs, 125 (40.45%) responded to the survey. AB were found in 36.8% of MSs. Multiple linear regression models revealed that self-esteem global scores, sending clear messages, anxiety/depression and male sex were accountable for 31% in AB scores variance. Targeting self-esteem and interpersonal communication skills (sending clear messages) and identifying subgroups of students with anxiety/depression state would influence ABs.


Assuntos
Assertividade , Estudantes de Medicina , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Masculino , Autoimagem , Inquéritos e Questionários
10.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 11428, 2022 Jul 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35794178

RESUMO

Power imbalance often leads to unequal allocations. However, it remains largely unknown how different forms of power and meritocratic considerations interact to shape fairness perceptions. Using modified Ultimatum Games, we examined how two power forms-decision power and availability of attractive outside option-affect bargaining behavior and fairness perceptions, and how meritocratic considerations are incorporated into the fairness perceptions of powerful and powerless individuals. We identified an asymmetric power effect: having increased decision power or attractive outside options independently increased self-advantageous allocations and self-serving fairness perceptions, whereas the combined lack of both power forms led to self-disadvantageous allocations but had no influence on fairness perceptions. The power effect on fairness perceptions became symmetric when power was obtained through a meritocratic process (procedural justice). In contrast, relative contributions to resource production (distributive justice) did not moderate power effects. We provide causal evidence that the powerful, but not the powerless, strive to minimize cognitive dissonance between behavior and fairness perceptions by interpreting fairness in self-serving ways. This study contributes novel insights into the interplay between different power forms, the asymmetry of power effects, the moderating role of procedural justice, and the mediating role of behavior in the power-driven adjustment of fairness perceptions.


Assuntos
Autoimagem , Justiça Social , Humanos
11.
Gac Med Mex ; 158(3): 118-123, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35894745

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: In Mexico, the prevalence of childhood obesity is 35%, and it continues to increase. OBJECTIVE: To determine the correlation between self-image, self-esteem and depression in children aged 8 to 14 years with and without obesity. METHODS: Cross-sectional, comparative study of 295 children: 116 with overweight/obesity (group 1) and 179 with normal weight (group 2). Body mass index, scholarship, school achievement, school problems, socioeconomic status, self-image (current, desired), satisfaction, self-esteem and presence of depression were recorded. Descriptive statistics, Spearman's rho and Mann-Whitney's U-test were used; a p-value ≤ 0.05 was considered significant. RESULTS: In group 1, 53.4% perceived themselves as with normal weight, and in 77.6%, the desired self-image was normal weight; 67.2% wanted to be slimmer; in 53.4%, self-esteem was high, and 75.9% had no depression. In group 2, current self-image was normal weight in 79.3%, and the desired self-image was normal weight in 85.5%; 35.2% wanted to be slimmer; self-esteem was high in 49.7% and 77.1% had no depression. Significant correlations were observed for self-esteem-depression (r = 0.228) and self-esteem-socioeconomic status (r = 0.130). CONCLUSIONS: Current self-image and body satisfaction are different with and without obesity. The relationship between self-esteem and depressive symptoms begins at school age.


INTRODUCCIÓN: La obesidad infantil es un problema de salud pública mundial. En México, la prevalencia es de 35 % y continúa ascendiendo. OBJETIVO: Determinar la correlación entre autoimagen, autoestima y depresión en niños de ocho a 14 años con y sin obesidad. MÉTODOS: Estudio transversal comparativo de 295 niños: 116 niños con sobrepeso u obesidad (grupo 1) y 179 sin obesidad (grupo 2). Se registró índice de masa corporal, escolaridad, aprovechamiento escolar, conflictos escolares, nivel socioeconómico, autoimagen (actual, deseada), satisfacción, autoestima y presencia de depresión. Se utilizó estadística descriptiva, rho de Spearman y U de Mann-Whitney; p ≤ 0.05 se consideró significativa. RESULTADOS: En el grupo 1, 53.4 % de los niños se autopercibió con normopeso y en 77.6 % la autoimagen deseada era normopeso; 67.2 % deseaba ser más delgado; en 53.4 % la autoestima era elevada; 75.9 % se observó sin depresión. En el grupo 2, en 79.3 % la autoimagen actual era normopeso y la autoimagen deseada en 85.5 % fue normopeso; 35.2 % deseaba ser más delgado; la autoestima era elevada en 49.7 % y 77.1 % no presentaba depresión. Se identificaron correlaciones significativas en autoestima-depresión (r = 0.228) y autoestima-nivel socioeconómico (r = 0.130). CONCLUSIONES: La autoimagen actual y la satisfacción corporal son diferentes en niños y adolescentes con y sin obesidad. La relación de la autoestima y síntomas depresivos inicia desde la edad escolar.


Assuntos
Imagem Corporal , Obesidade Pediátrica , Adolescente , Índice de Massa Corporal , Peso Corporal , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Sobrepeso/epidemiologia , Obesidade Pediátrica/epidemiologia , Autoimagem
12.
Orv Hetil ; 163(27): 1082-1088, 2022 Jul 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35895466

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Obesity, body image and eating disorders are particularly common among adolescent girls and young women. While negative body image is the major focus of research, it is also important from the aspect of prevention to explore the factors that influence positive attitudes towards our bodies and body appreciation. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to analyze the determinants of body appreciation in young women, including different types of eating disorders, physical activity, body mass index, various psychological characteristics, and whether there is a family history of eating disorders or obesity. METHOD: Participants were a sample of female university students (n = 262; mean age: 22.0 ± 2.2 years). Data were collected via an online questionnaire. Body appreciation was measured using the Body Appreciation Scale (BAS-2), supplemented by the Eating Attitudes Test (EAT), the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, the Life Orientation Test (LOT-R), and the "Internalization - General" subscale of the Sociocultural Attitudes Towards Appearance Questionnaire-3 (SATAQ-3) to measure psychological characteristics. RESULTS: Multivariate linear regression analysis showed that self-esteem has the strongest relationship with young women's body appreciation; sporting and optimism are also significant but to a lesser extent, while body mass index and dieting are negative predictors. Likewise, a strong susceptibility to the internalization of media content is also detrimental to body appreciation. Oral control, which can be found among the symptoms of anorexia nervosa, is a mild positive predictor of body appreciation. CONCLUSION: Our data highlight the importance of body appreciation in the treatment and prevention of body image and eating disorders. There is a great need for fostering positive body image and body appreciation, as the lack of acceptance of our bodies and the extreme adherence towards an overemphasized skinny body ideal can easily lead to pathological dieting. Orv Hetil. 2022; 163(27): 1082-1088.


Assuntos
Imagem Corporal , Transtornos da Alimentação e da Ingestão de Alimentos , Adolescente , Adulto , Imagem Corporal/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Obesidade , Autoimagem , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35897365

RESUMO

The "Intervention Program based on Self" (IPSELF) project was created to address the gap between the acquisition of life skills during prevention programs and their application with a session for developing one's self-concept included in the European program "Unplugged". The present study evaluated its effectiveness. A total of 157 middle school students (94 girls, 63 boys, MAGE = 12.89, SD = 0.45) from three schools in France participated in this study. The participants attended one of two programs (Unplugged/IPSELF). The effectiveness of the IPSELF add-on session was measured with the Self-Concept Clarity Scale, and the differences between the two programs was measured with the prototype willingness model. Adolescents in IPSELF rated the typical nonsmoker and cannabis nonsmoker more favorably, and the typical drinker less favorably. They felt more different from the typical smoker and drinker after participation in IPSELF. More alcohol experimenters were observed in Unplugged. The knowledge gained in IPSELF appeared to help adolescents more than that gained in Unplugged to change their smoking behavior. Furthermore, IPSELF had a more beneficial effect for girls, who felt that they had gained more control over their alcohol and cannabis use than boys, whereas Unplugged had a more positive effect on boys, who gained better control over their consumption. Moreover, the girls felt that they had gained more knowledge about the substances discussed in IPSELF than in Unplugged. We therefore recommend the use of IPSELF especially with female audiences.


Assuntos
Comportamento Aditivo , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias , Adolescente , Criança , Etanol , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde , Serviços de Saúde Escolar , Instituições Acadêmicas , Autoimagem , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/prevenção & controle
14.
Am Psychol ; 77(5): 655-657, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35878093

RESUMO

The APF Gold Medal for Impact in Psychology recognizes Robert M. Sellers for his inventive work in racial identity and his demonstration of excellence in mentorship. Sellers conceptualized a new framework of racial identity that impacted the way that racial identity was studied, opening the field for new examinations of the impact and effects of race in different situations and as an element of one's self-concept. Dr. Sellers further opened new doors in psychology by developing young psychologists, particularly those of color, demonstrated in part through the Center for the Study of Black Youth in Social Contexts that he established at the University of Michigan, wherein scholars from multiple disciplines can translate scholarly research into social action. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved).


Assuntos
Distinções e Prêmios , História do Século XX , História do Século XXI , Eventos de Massa , Psicologia , Autoimagem , Meio Social
15.
J Sex Med ; 19(8): 1281-1289, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35780013

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Genito-pelvic pain (GPP) affects a sizable minority of women and results of existing treatments can be variable. A method of general pain treatment that has not yet been extended to penetration-related GPP is Explicit Motor Imagery (EMI), which uses pain-related images to help individuals with pain alter their responses to pain, resulting in reduced pain, less pain-related anxiety, and improved function. AIM: As a first step toward determining if EMI is a feasible method for treating penetration-related GPP, this study examined whether images that potentially signal genital pain are sufficient to induce an anxiety or anticipated pain response in women. METHODS: Participants were 113 women (62 with genital pain, 51 pain-free) recruited to complete an online study. Participants viewed randomized images of women engaging in various activities that potentially cause pain for people with penetration-related GPP (sitting, walking, running, lifting, inserting a tampon, implied penetrative sex, actual penetrative sex, implied gynecological exam, actual gynecological exam). Participants then rated each image on how much anxiety they experienced viewing the picture (viewing anxiety), and how much anxiety (anticipated anxiety) and pain (anticipated pain) they expected to experience doing the activity in the picture. OUTCOMES: Outcomes were the self-reported viewing anxiety, anticipated anxiety, and anticipated pain of women with and without self-reported penetration-related GPP in response to the pain-related images. RESULTS: Women who experienced self-reported penetration-related GPP reported significantly higher levels of viewing anxiety, anticipated anxiety, and anticipated pain in almost all categories of images, compared to women who were free of pain. The key exception was that women with and without self-reported penetration-related GPP reported similar levels of viewing anxiety when looking at images of implied and actual penetrative sex. CLINICAL TRANSLATION: These results support that pelvic and genital imagery serve as a sufficient stimulus to generate anxiety and anticipated pain in our study sample. EMI, which targets desensitization of heightened anxiety warrants further research as a potential novel treatment option. STRENGTHS & LIMITATIONS: This study was the first to assess responses to a wide array of pain-eliciting images in women with and without self-reported penetration-related GPP. A key limitation was that the pain sample was self-reported and not clinically diagnosed. CONCLUSION: Images of pain-related stimuli were sufficient to induce anxiety and anticipated pain in women with self-reported penetration-related GPP. This first step suggests that EMI may be a useful treatment option for women with penetration-related GPP. Kelly KJM, Fisher BL, Rosen NO, et al. Anxiety and Anticipated Pain Levels of Women With Self-Reported Penetration-Related Genito-Pelvic Pain are Elevated in Response to Pain-related Images. J Sex Med 2022;19:1281-1289.


Assuntos
Ansiedade , Dor Pélvica , Transtornos de Ansiedade , Feminino , Humanos , Autoimagem , Autorrelato
16.
PLoS One ; 17(7): e0271030, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35793352

RESUMO

Demoralization has become increasingly prevalent among college students who have lost motivation in life and feel hopeless about their future. Many college students who demonstrate symptoms of demoralization are neglected because they might fail to typical symptoms of depression. Taiwanese college students are simultaneously influenced by bicultural-self system, such as individual- and social-oriented views of self, which vary considerably in the view of self, achievement motivation, and the value of self-realization, and may even create contradictory expectations and behavioral standard. The purpose of this study was to investigate the extent of the relationship between attitude towards demoralization, individual- and social-oriented views of self. Three-hundred fifty-six college students completed the online questionnaire, which was designed to explore their demoralization status and cultural differences. Four groups were divided into bicultural self, individual-oriented self, social-oriented self, and unintegrated self. Bicultural group demonstrated significantly lower demoralization overall scores than other groups. Moreover, the five dimensions of demoralization in college students were mostly significantly and negatively correlated with individual- and social-oriented views of self, indicating that college students' bicultural views of self may contribute to or prevent demoralization.


Assuntos
Desmoralização , Afeto , Humanos , Motivação , Autoimagem , Estudantes
17.
BMC Psychiatry ; 22(1): 474, 2022 07 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35841086

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although psychomotor symptoms are associated with the clinical symptomatology of depression, they are rarely assessed and standardized clinical evaluation tools are lacking. Psychomotor retardation is sometimes assessed through direct patient observations by clinicians or through a clinical observation grid, in the absence of a standardized psychomotor assessment. In this pilot study, we evaluated the feasibility of standardized psychomotor examination of patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) and detailed a psychomotor semiology in these patients. METHODS: We used a standardized psychomotor assessment to examine 25 patients with MDD and 25 age- and sex-matched healthy controls (HC) and compared their psychomotor profiles. Using standardized tests, we assessed muscle tone and posture, gross motor skills, perceptual-motor skills, and body image/organization. Clinical assessments of depressive symptoms (levels of psychomotor retardation, anxiety, and self-esteem) comprised this detailed psychomotor examination. RESULTS: All participants were examined using the standardized psychomotor assessment. The main results of the psychomotor examination highlighted low body image of MDD participants (p < 0.001). Significant differences between groups were found in passive muscle tone, posture, emotional control, jumping, manual dexterity, walking, and praxis. Among these psychomotor variables, body image, passivity, jumping and rhythm scores predicted an MDD diagnosis. CONCLUSIONS: Beyond the psychomotor retardation known to be present in MDD patients, this examination revealed an entire psychomotor symptomatology characterized by elevated muscle tone, poor body image associated with poor self-esteem, slowness in global motor skills and manual praxis, and poor rhythmic adaptation. In light of these results, we encourage clinicians to consider using a standardized tool to conduct detailed psychomotor examination of patients with depressive disorders. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT04031937 , 24/07/2019.


Assuntos
Transtorno Depressivo Maior , Transtornos Psicomotores , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Transtorno Depressivo Maior/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Projetos Piloto , Transtornos Psicomotores/diagnóstico , Autoimagem
18.
PLoS One ; 17(7): e0270985, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35852991

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Within the integrated motivational-volitional model of suicidal behavior, entrapment that consecutively leads to hopelessness is considered as a proximal risk factor for suicidal ideation. Entrapment can refer to both external and internal circumstances whereby results of recent studies indicate that internal entrapment plays a more important role than external entrapment in the development of suicidal ideation. It has been considered that to escape internal entrapment might be more complicated than to change external circumstances. However, it remains unclear whether the greater effect of internal entrapment on suicidal ideation is due to greater feelings of hopelessness. Therefore, the aim of this study was to address this research gap and to examine the effects of internal and external entrapment on hopelessness and suicidal ideation. METHODS: N = 454 participants from a community sample (75% female) aged between 18 and 73 years (M = 29.91, SD = 11.56) conducted a cross-sectional online survey. All participants were assessed for suicidal ideation, hopelessness, and internal as well as external entrapment. Pearson product-moment correlations and two mediation analyses were conducted. RESULTS: All constructs were significantly correlated. For both internal and external entrapment, an effect on suicidal ideation was found. Both effects were partially mediated by hopelessness, this mediation was larger for external entrapment. The completely standardized indirect effect used to compare the mediation models was larger for external entrapment than for internal entrapment. CONCLUSIONS: Hopelessness mediated the association between external entrapment as well as internal entrapment and suicidal ideation. This effect was larger for external entrapment.


Assuntos
Prisões , Ideação Suicida , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Emoções , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Risco , Autoimagem , Adulto Jovem
19.
PLoS One ; 17(7): e0271374, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35862392

RESUMO

This study looks at the association of adolescent's time use on the acquisition of cognitive and non-cognitive (psychological and social) skills, thus contributing to the literature on parental investment and skills development. Specifically, using data relating to adolescent's time spent on school, study, sleep, and play, we investigate how these relate to cognitive and non-cognitive skills of older Indian children. For cognitive skills we use Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test (PPVT), which is a well-accepted measure of verbal intelligence. For non-cognitive skills, we construct a self-esteem variable using pride and shame questions; and a resilience variable using questions pertaining to whether an adolescent can get external help for coping with problems. Our results suggest that time use in all four types of activity has a positive association in the development of cognitive skills but competing associations when it comes to non-cognitive skills. We conclude that parental inputs into skills development, such as guidance about adolescent's time-use, are likely to have a differential association depending on the kind of skills being developed.


Assuntos
Pais , Autoimagem , Adolescente , Criança , Humanos , Pais/psicologia , Instituições Acadêmicas
20.
Palliat Support Care ; 20(4): 482-490, 2022 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35876447

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This follow-up study on perceived self-image and psychophysical distress/psychic symptoms was based on a ranomized contolled study of art therapy on women with breast cancer. METHOD: The aim was to examine the long-term effects of time-limited art therapy using the instruments of Structural Analysis of Social Behavior (SASB) and Symptom Check List-90 (SCL-90). RESULTS: Three attachment clusters of the SASB showed significant changes post therapy: Autonomous self (cluster 1), Accepting self (cluster 2), and Loving self (cluster 3). Clusters 2 and 3 continued to change in favor of the intervention group at the 5-year follow-up. There were no significant differences in the SCL-90 results between the intervention group and the control group in the follow-up study. SIGNIFICANCE OF RESULTS: The art therapy intervention was both therapeutic and psycho-educative. The conclusion of this study is that approaching emotions through time-limited art therapy seems to have a long-lasting effect on the attachment behavioral system shown in the SASB model post intervention, and this effect remained 5 years later.


Assuntos
Arteterapia , Neoplasias da Mama , Neoplasias da Mama/psicologia , Neoplasias da Mama/terapia , Emoções , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Autoimagem
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