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1.
J Microbiol Methods ; 202: 106581, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36181970

RESUMO

Two sampling approaches for the growth of common or dominant bacteria from bivalve haemolymph were compared: (1) samples processed in the field immediately after collection (field samples), and (2) samples processed in the laboratory at least 24 h after collection (laboratory samples). The sampling approaches were compared on 210 marine bivalve molluscs Paphies subtriangulata and P. australis from two shallow intertidal sites in North Island New Zealand. The approaches were evaluated for the amount of bacterial growth, type of growth, and diversity of growth. Differences in amount and type of growth between the two sampling approaches were observed. Samples processed in the field from P. subtriangulata had significantly more bacterial growth, and a higher diversity of bacteria, including more common or dominant bacterial species. Laboratory samples had a higher proportion of samples with no growth, however common or dominant bacteria were still isolated from these samples. For P. australis, field samples more often had no bacterial growth and laboratory samples had a significantly higher number of common or dominant growth present. Field samples did however contain a higher diversity of bacteria. By conducting bacteriology on bivalves in either the field or the laboratory only, there may be limitations to determining the significance of a bacterial agent isolated. Sampling of both field and laboratory samples should be carried out where possible to optimise detection of important bacteria.


Assuntos
Bacteriologia , Bivalves , Animais , Bivalves/microbiologia , Hemolinfa , Bactérias , Nova Zelândia
2.
Nutr Hosp ; 39(5): 1064-1067, 2022 Oct 17.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36094049

RESUMO

Introduction: Introduction: breastfeeding is the gold standard for infant's nutrition. Human milk bank is an essential tool to guarantee availability and safety in those situations when breastfeeding is not an option. The manipulation during the extraction of the human milk by the donors is a critical point to ensure an adequate microbiological safety. Therefore, knowing the bacterial flora that prevails in donated milk is essential to draw conclusions that can lead to taking measures in the management of the bank. Objectives: to analyze the prevalence of microorganisms in milk samples donated to the milk bank and how the bacterial flora behaves according to the profile of the donors and the donor milk circuits. Methods: the present work is a retrospective descriptive observational study that analyzes characteristics and the positive microbiological results within our milk bank samples from June 1, 2016 to December 31, 2020. All milk bank donors voluntarily signed an informed consent that authorizes the use of data to investigation. Results: during the study period, a total of 1,587 liters of raw milk were donated by 266 women, highlighting that, despite the SARS-CoV-2 virus pandemic, 2020 has been the year in which more volume of milk has been dispensed. The results show that 221 batches had at least one positive microbiological isolation (149 of them were before and 46 after pasteurization). Pre and post-pasteurization rate varies over the years with a decrease in the pre-pasteurization discard rate (3,9%) and increase in the post-pasteurization rate (5,3%). The most frequently isolated germs found in pre-pasteurization cultures were gram positive cocci and Enterobacter and a decrease in the positivity to S. aureus after establishing an eradication protocol. In post-pasteurization cultures, the most commonly found germs are Bacillus. Regarding the donor's profile, it was found a non statistically significant way that those women with the highest donation volume and/or admission of their offspring in Neonatology were associated with higher frequency of positive cultures. Conclusions: bacteriological analysis of milk samples is an essential part of quality control for a milk bank. Our results reflect a good extraction system and transportation, as well as good training from the bank's professionals. Nevertheless, improvement of processes is necessary to reduce the rate of contamination and the amount of discarded milk.


Introducción: Introducción: la leche humana es el patrón oro en la nutrición de los neonatos. Por ello, los bancos de leche se convierten en elementos esenciales para garantizar su disponibilidad y seguridad cuando la leche materna no está disponible. La manipulación que se realiza de la leche es un punto crítico para asegurar la seguridad microbiológica de las muestras. Por ello, analizar la flora de la leche donada es fundamental para tomar medidas de mejora de los bancos de leche. Objetivos: analizar los resultados microbiológicos positivos en un banco de leche humana entre las muestras de leche cruda donadas y tras su pasteurización y evaluar si existe relación entre los aislamientos, el perfil de la donante y los circuitos de leche donada. Métodos: estudio observacional descriptivo que analiza las características de la leche donada y los resultados microbiológicos positivos de muestras de leche donadas en nuestro banco desde junio de 2016 hasta diciembre de 2020. Todas las donantes firmaron un consentimiento informado. Resultados: durante el período de estudio fueron donados 1587 litros de leche cruda por 266 mujeres destacando que, a pesar de la pandemia, 2020 ha sido el año en el que más volumen se ha dispensado (280 L). Se obtuvieron 221 lotes de leche con al menos un aislamiento microbiológico positivo (14,2 % total), de ellos 149 previos y 46 posteriores a la pasteurización. La tasa de descarte pre y pospasteurización es variable a lo largo de los años con descenso en 2020 prepasteurización (3,9%) e incremento pospasteurización (5,3%). Los gérmenes más frecuentemente aislados fueron cocos grampositivos, seguidos por Enterobacterias prepasteurización detectándose un descenso en la positividad a S. aureus tras establecerse un protocolo de erradicación. En las muestras pospasteurización predomina el género Bacillus. Se ha encontrado una relación aunque no estadísticamente significativa (p > 0,05) entre mujeres con mayor volumen de donación y/o ingreso de su hijo/a en Neonatología y una mayor frecuencia cultivos positivos. Conclusiones: el análisis bacteriológico de las muestras es parte fundamental del control de calidad. Nuestros resultados traducen una buena sistemática de extracción y transporte, así como un buen entrenamiento de los profesionales del banco. No obstante, es necesario mejorar los procesos para reducir la tasa de contaminación y la cantidad de leche desechada.


Assuntos
Bacteriologia , COVID-19 , Bancos de Leite Humano , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Leite Humano/microbiologia , Pasteurização/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , SARS-CoV-2 , Staphylococcus aureus
3.
Tunis Med ; 100(3): 247-254, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36005917

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The errors in the pre-analytic phase are at the origin of 60 to 85% of the errors in the results proceeded from laboratory. AIM: To evaluate the impact of the pre-analytical phase on the received bacteriology samples received at the medical bacteriology laboratory of Ibn Sina UH in Rabat Morocco in order to propose corrective actions. METHODS: A descriptive and quantitative study of the non-conformities of the pre-analytical phase identified in the central laboratory of medical bacteriology of the Ibn Sina hospital in Rabat over a period of 6 months (from January 01 to July 01, 2020). It concerned samples from various clinical services and care units of Ibn Sina Hospital, as well as external samples. In order to act on these various dysfunctions, we used quality tools such as the Pareto chart and from Ishikawa. RESULTS: We counted 424 cases of pre-analytical NC on 14468 samples received to the Central Laboratory of Bacteriology or 2.93%. These are mainly errors of sample identification and patient identity (59.66%), quality and quantity of samples (25.02%) and problem of conditions of transport and packaging (15.32%). CONCLUSION: Its mastery requires firstly, a close collaboration between the various services, prescribers, samplers and biologists and secondly the respect of each stage of this phase by the hospital staff.


Assuntos
Bacteriologia , Dermatopatias , Hospitais Universitários , Humanos , Marrocos , Fase Pré-Analítica
4.
Anim Reprod Sci ; 242: 107004, 2022 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35644050

RESUMO

The present study was performed to examine the histopathology, cytology, bacteriology and expression pattern of a targeted set of genes of cytokines in the oviduct of cows with inflammation (Experiment 1). In addition, the effects of oviductal fluid from cows with salpingitis on the oocyte maturation and fertilization in vitro were examined (Experiment 2). The most frequent bacterial co-infection was Escherichia coli and Fusobacterium necrophorum, which was always associated with severe histopathologic salpingitis. Out of 15 cows with histologically healthy uterus, only one cow (6.7%) displayed the histologic signs of mild salpingitis, whereas from 50 cows with endometritis, 48 cows (96%) showed histologically different grades of salpingitis. The mRNA expression of IL1ß, CD14, IL8 and CASP3 was significantly different among all groups of salpingitis (P < 0.05) with the highest level of mRNA expression in the sever grade of salpingitis. Results of experiment 2 showed a significant decline in the oocytes with peripheral free mitochondria and fertilization rate in the salpingitis group than the no- salpingitis group (P < 0.05). In conclusion, our results showed that histologically detected salpingitis is in most cases associated with histologic and cytologic endometritis. The pattern of the gene expression of chemokines and cytokines was altered in association with different grades of salpingitis. Further, we observed a decline in the peripherally located mitochondria and lower fertilization rate in oocytes following addition of oviductal fluid collected from the cows with sapingitis to the maturation media.


Assuntos
Bacteriologia , Doenças dos Bovinos , Endometrite , Salpingite , Animais , Bovinos , Doenças dos Bovinos/diagnóstico , Doenças dos Bovinos/genética , Citocinas/genética , Endometrite/veterinária , Feminino , Oócitos , RNA Mensageiro , Salpingite/genética , Salpingite/patologia , Salpingite/veterinária , Transcriptoma
5.
Lancet Microbe ; 3(4): e294-e302, 2022 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35544066

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pleural infection is a common and severe disease with high morbidity and mortality worldwide. The knowledge of pleural infection bacteriology remains incomplete, as pathogen detection methods based on culture have insufficient sensitivity and are biased to selected microbes. We designed a study with the aim to discover and investigate the total microbiome of pleural infection and assess the correlation between bacterial patterns and 1-year survival of patients. METHODS: We assessed 243 pleural fluid samples from the PILOT study, a prospective observational study on pleural infection, with 16S rRNA next generation sequencing. 20 pleural fluid samples from patients with pleural effusion due to a non-infectious cause and ten PCR-grade water samples were used as controls. Downstream analysis was done with the DADA2 pipeline. We applied multivariate Cox regression analyses to investigate the association between bacterial patterns and 1-year survival of patients with pleural infection. FINDINGS: Pleural infection was predominately polymicrobial (192 [79%] of 243 samples), with diverse bacterial frequencies observed in monomicrobial and polymicrobial disease and in both community-acquired and hospital-acquired infection. Mixed anaerobes and other Gram-negative bacteria predominated in community-acquired polymicrobial infection whereas Streptococcus pneumoniae prevailed in monomicrobial cases. The presence of anaerobes (hazard ratio 0·46, 95% CI 0·24-0·86, p=0·015) or bacteria of the Streptococcus anginosus group (0·43, 0·19-0·97, p=0·043) was associated with better patient survival, whereas the presence (5·80, 2·37-14·21, p<0·0001) or dominance (3·97, 1·20-13·08, p=0·024) of Staphylococcus aureus was linked with lower survival. Moreover, dominance of Enterobacteriaceae was associated with higher risk of death (2·26, 1·03-4·93, p=0·041). INTERPRETATION: Pleural infection is a predominantly polymicrobial infection, explaining the requirement for broad spectrum antibiotic cover in most individuals. High mortality infection associated with S aureus and Enterobacteriaceae favours more aggressive, with a narrower spectrum, antibiotic strategies. FUNDING: UK Medical Research Council, National Institute for Health Research Oxford Biomedical Research Centre, Wellcome Trust, Oxfordshire Health Services Research Committee, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, and John Fell Fund.


Assuntos
Bacteriologia , Coinfecção , Doenças Transmissíveis , Infecções Comunitárias Adquiridas , Doenças Pleurais , Antibacterianos , Bactérias/genética , Bactérias Anaeróbias/genética , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Humanos , Metagenômica , Projetos Piloto , Doenças Pleurais/diagnóstico , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Staphylococcus aureus/genética
6.
J Bacteriol ; 204(6): e0015322, 2022 06 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35583338
7.
Hist Cienc Saude Manguinhos ; 29(1): 195-214, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35442286

RESUMO

As of the nineteenth century, the number of world fairs and hygiene exhibitions grew significantly. This phenomenon was linked to the experience of modernity and the emergence of bacteriology, when different cities were sanitized with the aim of combating urban diseases and epidemics. For the purpose of sanitary education and hygiene propaganda, many objects and pictures were displayed in hygiene exhibitions and museums, such as the International Hygiene Exhibition of 1911 and the German Hygiene Museum, both in Dresden. The goal of this article is to analyze a chapter of the international history of health through images that portray the connections between the German Hygiene Museum and Latin American countries between 1911 and 1933.


Assuntos
Bacteriologia , Museus , História do Século XIX , História do Século XX , Higiene/história , América Latina , Museus/história , Propaganda
8.
Dermatology ; 238(4): 772-784, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35086093

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) is a chronic skin disease characterized by inflammatory nodules and abscesses. The pathogenic role of bacteria is not fully understood. As the diagnosis is usually delayed, patients are often treated with several lines of antibiotics in a nonstandardized fashion. The aim of the study was to investigate and compare the bacteriology of active HS lesions in patients treated or not treated with antibiotics in the community setting before referral to a dedicated HS clinic. METHODS: Purulent skin lesions of patients with HS referred to the HS Clinic of Rabin Medical Center in 2009-2020 were cultured. Data were collected from the patients' medical files and microbiology reports. The correlation between the location of the skin lesion and the bacteriologic profile was analyzed, and the effects of previous antibiotic treatment on the bacteriologic profile of the lesions and susceptibility patterns of the cultured bacteria were evaluated. RESULTS: Pus (or tissue) from inflammatory lesions of 97 patients with HS was cultured. Mean (SD) patient age was 39.5 (13.0) years, and mean delay in diagnosis was 7.3 (8.3) years. Most patients (57.7%) had dominant involvement of one location, with the most active lesions concentrated in the genitalia, gluteal/perineal area, and axilla. Enterobacterales species were the most frequent isolates detected in all locations except the face and scalp. Seventy-eight patients (80.4%) had been treated in the community setting prior to referral with a median (range) of 2 (1-8) lines of antibiotics. The most commonly prescribed antibiotics were amoxicillin/clavulanate (22.0%), doxycycline/minocycline (16.8%), clindamycin (16.2%; monotherapy 8.1%, clindamycin with rifampicin 8.1%), and cephalexin (13.9%). Compared to the previously untreated patients, cultures of lesions from the previously treated patients yielded a higher percentage of gram-negative Enterobacterales (the most common isolates in this group) (31.3% vs. 10.3%) and a significantly higher median number of isolates per culture (2 vs. 1, p < 0.0001). Gram-positive bacteria, usually considered contaminants (mainly coagulase-negative staphylococci) accounted for 31.0% of the isolates in the previously treated group. Susceptibility testing for the entire cohort revealed 100% bacterial sensitivity to ciprofloxacin. Staphylococcus spp. were 100% sensitive to rifampicin. Both gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria had high sensitivity to trimethoprim and sulfamethoxazole. CONCLUSION: Nonstandardized antibiotic treatment of HS in the community setting can skew the microbiology of skin lesions toward gram-negative bacteria. Therefore, treatment with trimethoprim and sulfamethoxazole or ciprofloxacin, either alone or combined with rifampicin, may be considered.


Assuntos
Bacteriologia , Hidradenite Supurativa , Adulto , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Ciprofloxacina , Clindamicina , Bactérias Gram-Negativas , Bactérias Gram-Positivas , Hidradenite Supurativa/diagnóstico , Humanos , Encaminhamento e Consulta , Rifampina , Sulfametoxazol , Trimetoprima
9.
S Afr J Surg ; 59(3): 129a-129e, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34515433

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hand sepsis is a common cause of morbidity. The study was conducted in the KwaZulu-Natal province of South Africa, investigating the bacteriological profile and aetiology of hand sepsis, aiming at optimising empiric antibiotic therapy. METHODS: This is a descriptive study of 120 patients who presented to the plastic surgery department of Inkosi Albert Luthuli Central Hospital with hand sepsis, from January 2017 to April 2019, that required surgical drainage. Data recorded included: aetiology of sepsis, underlying comorbidities, length of hospital stay, and outcome. A pus swab was taken during surgical drainage for microscopy, culture and sensitivity (MCS) analysis. The relationship between clinical factors and microbiological findings was analysed. RESULTS: The predominant bacterial strains cultured from infected patients, excluding methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, were Staphylococcus aureus (80.8%) and Streptococcus spp. (20.0%), mostly due to spontaneous onset infection (58.3%). Cultures of the more problematic Streptococcus spp. were more frequently associated in patients with diabetes mellitus (60.0%), penetrating trauma (41.9%), or blunt trauma (31.3%). The diabetes group in isolation had the longest median hospital stay of 8 (5-15) days, the most need for multiple procedures (60.0%), amputations (30.0%), and skin grafts (20.0%). The most effective antimicrobial drug particularly in mixed cultures was amoxicillin-clavulanic acid. CONCLUSION: Staphylococcus aureus infection was the most common. Streptococcus spp. occurred more frequently in patients with traumatic injury and diabetes mellitus. The latter required further surgical procedures and an increased hospital stay. Amoxicillin-clavulanic acid is the preferred empiric antimicrobial agent.


Assuntos
Bacteriologia , Staphylococcus aureus Resistente à Meticilina , Sepse , Infecções Estafilocócicas , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Humanos , África do Sul/epidemiologia , Infecções Estafilocócicas/tratamento farmacológico
11.
Cas Lek Cesk ; 160(2-3): 93-96, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34134498

RESUMO

The aim of the article is to describe the development of the principles of medicine based on the evidence (EBM) based on postulates of Robert Koch, Nobel prize winner, protagonist of the "Golden Age" medical bacteriology, founder of a concept of modern microbiology and infectology. Kochs work led to the discovery of a causal relationship between exposure to a specific pathogen and disease on the example of identifying the cause of anthrax - Bacillus anthracis, a disease whose symptoms vary depending on the mode of transmission (gastrointestinal ingestion, cutaneous form on contact and pulmonary manifestations when inhaled). Tuberculosis caused by Kochs bacillus, Mycobacterium tuberculosis, yet still affecting 1.7 billion people (about 25 % of the world's population), in 95 % of cases in developing countries, where poverty and high prevalence of HIV are part of everyday life. Koch also discovered Vibrio cholerae, the pathogen responsible for seven recorded pandemics, and hitherto sporadic epidemics in recent years. The main contribution of the Kochs four postulates formulation was the principle, which helped to reveal the causal relationship between the pathogenic microbe to protrude infectious disease and obtain reliable evidence in improving credibility of diagnosis of infectious diseases. Other stages in the development of EBM were formulated by Bradford Hill in his nine principles, which are valid as well for noncommunicable diseases. The subjects of discussion are limitations and restrictions of present EBM and its essentials and the use in rational preventive, diagnostic and treatment strategies.


Assuntos
Antraz , Bacteriologia , Mycobacterium tuberculosis , Tuberculose , Medicina Baseada em Evidências , Alemanha , Humanos , Tuberculose/diagnóstico , Tuberculose/epidemiologia
12.
Rev. cuba. med. mil ; 50(2): e670, 2021. graf
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1341442

RESUMO

Un acontecimiento en la vida del doctor Carlos Juan Finlay Barrés motivó al Maestro Esteban Valderrama Peña a realizar la composición pictórica Triunfo de Finlay. La pintura representa al médico cubano exponiendo ante una comisión médica militar estadounidense, su teoría sobre el modo de contagio de la fiebre amarilla y el ente transmisor, el mosquito Aedes aegypti. Finlay había estudiado durante años la enfermedad sin que las autoridades coloniales reconocieran los resultados de sus investigaciones, a pesar de que la enfermedad causaba estragos en los militares españoles y la población. En 1898 la intervención norteamericana en la guerra de los cubanos contra el colonialismo español, generó la necesidad de sanear la Isla y crear condiciones higiénicas favorables para la estancia de las tropas norteñas. El general y médico Leonard Wood fijó su atención en la teoría de Finlay y solicitó al gobierno de su país especialistas para verificarla. Fue enviada una comisión dirigida por el mayor Walter Reed, cirujano del ejército y catedrático de bacteriología de la Facultad de Medicina Militar en Washington, para confirmarla. En la pintura, el artista representó la reunión de Finlay con la comisión norteña. El presente trabajo destaca la trascendencia de la obra, su valor estético y la integración del arte, la historia, la medicina y la ciencia. Se propone incluir su estudio como parte del trabajo educativo dirigido a fomentar la cultura general en la formación de los profesionales de la salud(AU)


One event for Doctor Carlos J. Finlay Barrés was the motive for the oil painting composition named "Triumph of Finlay" by Master of Art Esteban Valderrama Peña. The picture shows Finlay presenting his theory about the transmission of yellow fever by mosquitoes to the US Army Yellow Fever Commission. He had conceived a new infection way able to explain the propagation of the illness, and added the possibility of their scientific confirmation by experimental method. In 1898 the US army took place in the Cuban`s fighting against the Spanish colonialism. This circumstance beginning the need to improve the sanitary condition in the Island to create favorable hygienic conditions to the stay of the troops. The Military Governor of the Island, general and physician Leonard Wood took Finlay´s theory as center of his attention. He requested the government of his country experts to verify it. One commission heading for Major Walter Reed was sent. Reed was a surgeon of the army and professor of bacteriology in Military Medicine Faculty in Washington. After experimentally investigation, the commission could confirm Finlay´s theory. Valderrama´s picture shows the meeting of Finlay with the experts. This article has like objective to give emphasis about this pictorial by its importance for the Cuba´s medicine and the science history in Cuba. By the esthetic value that contains it must be included in the educational labor towards the preparation the professionals of the health. It is useful for contributing with the general culture integrating art, history, medicine and science(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Pintura , Arte , Faculdades de Medicina , Bacteriologia , Febre Amarela , Cultura , História , Medicina Militar , Pessoal de Saúde
13.
Indian J Med Microbiol ; 39(2): 196-199, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33966862

RESUMO

CONTEXT: Implementation of quality management system (QMS) which encompasses various quality indicators (QIs), can serve as a stepping stone for continuous improvement & help in achieving globally accepted quality standards in a diagnostic laboratory. AIMS: To generate preliminary data on trends of post-analytical QIs in Bacteriology section. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: A pilot study was conducted at a tertiary care teaching hospital located in Rishikesh, Uttarakhand. METHODS AND MATERIAL: Data of the following four quality indicators pertaining to aerobic culture and sensitivity testing of various clinical samples received in Clinical Bacteriology laboratory was compiled and retrospectively analysed: (i) Rate of reporting errors; (ii) Rate of re-dos; (iii) Percentage of reports correlating with clinical diagnosis; (iv) Percentage of adherence to safety precautions by employees working in diagnostics. STATISTICAL ANALYSIS USED: Descriptive statistics like mean and frequency distribution plots. RESULTS: The mean reporting error rate was 0.12 per 1000 tests. It was consistently low from July 2018 to May 2019, after which an overall increasing trend was observed. The mean rate of re-dos was 2.79 per 1000 tests. An overall decreasing trend was observed with maximum rates during the months of December 2017 and January 2018. On an average only 7.86% of the reports co-related with clinical diagnosis. Almost 100% adherence to safety precautions was observed with the exception of two instances of needle stick injuries (NSIs). CONCLUSIONS: Commitment of laboratory personnel in adopting, maintaining and analysing QMS data will lead to further strengthening of our existing healthcare system.


Assuntos
Bacteriologia , Laboratórios , Indicadores de Qualidade em Assistência à Saúde , Bacteriologia/normas , Hospitais de Ensino , Humanos , Índia , Laboratórios/normas , Projetos Piloto , Estudos Retrospectivos , Atenção Terciária à Saúde
14.
World J Surg ; 45(8): 2426-2431, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33860354

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Acute cholecystitis is one of the most common acute surgical diseases. Diabetic patients have been shown to have an increased risk for gallbladder disease, but the correlation between the severity of gallstone disease and diabetes is still debated. The aim of this study is to examine the possible difference in the disease process between patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) and those without. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted of all patients who underwent percutaneous cholecystostomy between 2005 and 2015 at Emek Medical Center, Afula, Israel. Demographic and medical history including data on bile and blood culture results, antimicrobial susceptibility, and clinical outcomes were retrieved from patient files. RESULTS: The cohort included 272 patients. Mean age was 68 years old, 50.74% were male and 43.75% had diabetes mellitus. Bile cultures were obtained from 252 (92.64%) patients and were positive in 134 (53.2%) patients. In 11 patients (4%) two pathogens were isolated. Blood cultures obtained from 231 patients and were positive in 35 (15.2%). Escherichia coli was the most common isolate, and was seen in 22.3% of positive bile cultures and 40% of blood cultures. Although diabetic patients had significantly more positive bile cultures, the severity of the disease, according to the Tokyo guidelines, was not higher. CONCLUSIONS: Acute cholecystitis was neither more severe nor had significant difference in bacteriological properties when comparing diabetic patients to non-diabetic ones.


Assuntos
Bacteriologia , Colecistite Aguda , Colecistostomia , Diabetes Mellitus , Idoso , Bile , Colecistite Aguda/cirurgia , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos
15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33808050

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Otitis media with effusion (OME) can cause serious complications such as hearing impairment or development delays. The aim of the study was to assess the microbiological profile of organisms responsible for OME and to determine if a biofilm formation can be observed. METHODS: Ninety-nine samples from 76 patients aged from 6 months to 12 years were collected for microbiological and molecular studies. RESULTS: In microbiological studies, pathogenic bacteria Haemophilus influenzae (38.89%), Streptococcus pneumoniae (33.33%), and Staphylococcus aureus MSSA (27.78%), as well as opportunistic bacteria Staphylococcus spp. (74.14%), Diphtheroids (20.69%), Streptococcus viridans (3.45%), and Neisseria spp. (1.72%) were found. The average degree of hearing loss in the group of children with positive bacterial culture was 35.9 dB, while in the group with negative bacterial culture it was 25.9 dB (p = 0.0008). The type of cultured bacteria had a significant impact on the degree of hearing impairment in children (p = 0.0192). In total, 37.5% of Staphylococcus spp. strains were able to form biofilm. CONCLUSIONS: Staphylococcus spp. in OME may form biofilms, which can explain the chronic character of the disease. Pathogenic and opportunistic bacteria may be involved in the etiopathogenesis of OME. The degree of hearing loss was significantly higher in patients from which the positive bacterial cultures were obtained.


Assuntos
Bacteriologia , Otite Média com Derrame , Biofilmes , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Haemophilus influenzae , Humanos , Otite Média com Derrame/epidemiologia , Estudos Prospectivos
16.
Curr Biol ; 31(5): R223-R225, 2021 03 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33689713

RESUMO

Interview with Erin Goley, who studies the mechanisms governing bacterial morphogenesis and the regulation of bacterial growth in changing environments at Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine.


Assuntos
Bactérias , Bactérias/citologia , Bactérias/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Bacteriologia/história , Meio Ambiente , História do Século XXI , Humanos , Tutoria , Mídias Sociais
17.
Klin Lab Diagn ; 66(2): 110-114, 2021 Mar 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33734645

RESUMO

The quality of culture media for blood culture was checked: nutrient medium for children with an antibiotic neutralizer for the cultivation of aerobes, nutrient medium with an antibiotic neutralizer for the cultivation of anaerobes, a nutrient medium with an antibiotic neutralizer for the cultivation of aerobes, nutrient medium for the cultivation of aerobes UNONA® used in the automatic bacteriological analyzer JUNONA ®Labstar 50 (SCENKER Biological Technology Co., Ltd. China). Used tenfold dilutions from 18-24 hour cultures of reference strains: ATCC 13124 Clostridium perfringens; ATCC 25285 Bacteroides fragilis; NCTC 194I8 Haemophilus influenzae; ATCC 49619 Streptococcus pneumoniae; ATCC 16615 Streptococcus pyogenes; ATCC 27853 Pseudomonas aeruginosa; ATCC 25923 Staphylococcus aureus; ATCC 25922 Escherichia coli; BKPGU-401/-885-653 Candida albicans; ATCC13813 Streptococcus agalactiae; No. 186 Enterobacter cloacae; ATCC 29212 Enterococcus faecalis; clinical isolates: Acinetobacter lwofii, Enterobacter cloacae, Candida tropicalis. All investigated reference strains were isolated on nutrient media in accordance with their biological properties when inoculated with 50 CFU / ml less than 72 hours later, as stated by the manufacturer. The study has shown that growth factors must be used to test the quality of the culture media with Haemophilus influenzae bacteria and this must be reflected in the manufacturer's instructions.


Assuntos
Infecções Bacterianas , Bacteriologia , Antibacterianos , Criança , Humanos , Laboratórios , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Nutrientes , Controle de Qualidade
18.
Nihon Saikingaku Zasshi ; 76(1): 14-17, 2021.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33627529

Assuntos
Bacteriologia , Pesquisa
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