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1.
Biomed Res Int ; 2022: 6811613, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35509711

RESUMO

Medicinal plants have great importance to the consumer health, as beside beneficial compounds, plants can accumulate essential and nonessential metals from soil and surrounding environments, leading to consumer health risks. Assuming this, the present study is aimed at evaluating the elemental composition and daily dose standardization based on essential and nonessential trace element presence in of bark, leaves, and roots of Berberis baluchistanica Ahrendt, a common medicinal plant used as a folk medicine in the region. Atomic absorption and flame emission spectroscopy were performed to analyze the presence of essential and nonessential elements manganese (Mn), copper (Cu), lead (Pb), nickel (Ni), iron (Fe), sodium (Na), and potassium (K). Among the essential elements, K was present at high concentrations in the bark (8926.98 ± 0.32 µg/g), leaves (7922.77 ± 0.42 µg/g), and roots (6668.5 ± 0.96 µg/g) of the plant. The estimated concentration of Na was higher in leaves (1782.56 ± 0.13 µg/g), followed by roots (1089.5 ± 0.71 µg/g) and bark (572.8 ± 0.62 µg/g). The Fe concentration varied in the range of 394.7 ± 0.3 µg/g in bark, 1298.3 ± 0.54 µg/g in leaves, and 1208.9 ± 0.7 µg/g in roots. The trace transition element Mn was highest in leaves (42.7 ± 0.99 µg/g), followed by roots (33.5 ± 0.94 µg/g) and bark (22 ± 1 µg/g). The Cu concentration was low, ranging from 20.1 ± 0.63 to 22.67 ± 0.7 µg/g in leaves, bark, and roots. The obtained concentration of nonessential element Pb was relatively lower than the permissible range (10 mgL-1) established by the World Health Organization. The elemental concentrations in all parts were within the set limits for provisional tolerable daily maximum intake (PTDMI) and provisional tolerable weekly intake (PTWI), and the hazard quotient index (HQ) was below 1 for all toxic metals. The micro and macroelemental distribution and the overall medicinal potential of any medicinal plant can be correlated for dose risk estimation, which will be useful in providing knowledge regarding the contraindication associated with folk medicines. In the present study, based on the elemental composition, it was calculated that the daily safe dose for Berberis baluchistanica is approximately 2-5 g/day of raw powder for an adult, which must not be exceeded to this safe range.


Assuntos
Berberis , Metais Pesados , Plantas Medicinais , Oligoelementos , Chumbo/análise , Metais Pesados/química , Casca de Planta/química , Folhas de Planta/química , Padrões de Referência , Oligoelementos/análise
2.
Molecules ; 27(8)2022 Apr 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35458693

RESUMO

Wild fruits have increasingly been investigated as part of recent searches for food products with a high antioxidant activity. In this study, wild edible berberis Berberis vulgaris collected from three different provinces (Jilin, Heilongjiang, and Liaoning) were investigated for their phenolic contents, organic acid contents, mineral contents, antioxidant activity as well as their antimicrobial potential against a range of common food borne pathogens. In addition, a physiochemical and mineral analysis of the fruits was also performed. The methanol extracts of berberis fruit collected from Jilin province were highly active against all the studied food borne bacterial pathogens, i.e., S. aureus and L. monocytogenes, E. coli, P. fluorescens, V. parahaemolyticus, and A. caviae while the berberis extracts from Heilongjiang and Liaoning showed activity only against Gram-negative bacteria. The phenolic content and antioxidant activity were determined by the HPLC separation method and ß-carotene bleaching methods, respectively. Four organic acids such as malic acid, citric acid, tartaric acid, and succinic acid were identified while a variety of phenolic compounds were detected among which catechin, chlorogenic acid, and gallic acid were found to be the predominant phenolic compounds in all three of berberis fruit samples. The berberis fruit from Jilin was found to be superior to the Heilongjiang and Liaoning fruit regarding desired physiochemical analysis; however, there were no significant differences in the mineral contents among the three samples. Overall, the berberis fruit from Jilin was ranked as the best in term of the nutritional, physiochemical, antimicrobial, and antioxidant properties. This study confirms the various useful characteristics and features of berberis at a molecular level that can be used as a sustainable source for their potential nutritional applications for making functional foods in different food industries.


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos , Berberis , Plantas Medicinais , Antibacterianos/análise , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Anti-Infecciosos/análise , Antioxidantes/química , Berberis/química , Escherichia coli , Frutas/química , Alimento Funcional/análise , Fenóis/química , Extratos Vegetais/química , Staphylococcus aureus
3.
PLoS One ; 17(4): e0262622, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35390002

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study assessed the major nutrients and antioxidant properties of Berberis heteropoda Schrenk fruits collected from the Nanshan Mountain area of Urumqi City, Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, China. METHODS AND MATERIALS: We assessed the basic nutrients, including amino acids, minerals, and fatty acids, and determined the total phenol, flavonoid, and anthocyanin contents of the extracts. RESULTS: The analytical results revealed the average water (75.22 g/100 g), total fat (0.506 g/100 g), total protein (2.55 g/100 g), ash (1.31 g/100 g), and carbohydrate (17.72 g/100 g) contents in fresh B. heteropoda fruit, with total phenol, flavonoid, and anthocyanin contents of B. heteropoda fruits at 68.55 mg gallic acid equivalents/g, 108.42 mg quercetin equivalents/g, and 19.83 mg cyanidin-3-glucoside equivalent/g, respectively. Additionally, UPLC-Q-TOF-MSE analysis of polyphenols in B. heteropoda fruit revealed 32 compounds. CONCLUSION: B. heteropoda fruits may have potential nutraceutical value and represent a potential source of nutrition and antioxidant phytochemicals in the human diet.


Assuntos
Berberis , Antocianinas/análise , Antioxidantes/química , Flavonoides/análise , Frutas/química , Humanos , Fenol , Extratos Vegetais/química
4.
Braz J Biol ; 84: e249742, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35475988

RESUMO

Antioxidants are materials that scavenge or remove free radicals from living systems. The oxidation process ends in the production of free radicals. These free radicals are the chief birthplace of cancerous cells. Antioxidizing agents remove free radical intermediates by terminating oxidation processes by being oxidized themselves. On the other hand, infectious diseases affect the world on a large scale. To fight these diseases several synthetic compounds have been used. Plant based medications play important role in this regard. So, the current research aimed to investigate the antibacterial and antioxidant effect of Berberis lycium Royle root bark (BLR) extract. Berberis lycium Royle was used for phytochemical analysis and also as antimicrobial and antioxidant agents. The antimicrobial activity was evaluated by the agar well diffusion method. Current study revealed that BLR was rich in phytochemicals and toxic against tested pathogenic bacteria. BLR showed the highest activity against S. pyogenes (13.3±0.8 mm). The lowest antibacterial activity was reported against E. coli (0±0 mm). In case of minimum inhibitory concentration, it was observed that BLR with 10 µg/mL concentration showed the highest activity while 2.5 µg/mL of BLR showed the least inhibitory activity. The highest In vitro antioxidant activity was recorded as 65% at 100 µg/mL. In case of in vivo antioxidant activity level of CAT, GSH and SOD were decreased while that of MDA was enhanced in groups treated with CCl4 as compared to the control group. BLR extract treatment reversed all these changes significantly. Current results indicate that BLR is effective against bacterial pathogens and also has antioxidant potential.


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos , Berberis , Lycium , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Anti-Infecciosos/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/análise , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Bactérias , Berberis/química , Escherichia coli , Radicais Livres , Compostos Fitoquímicos/análise , Casca de Planta/química , Extratos Vegetais/química
5.
Molecules ; 27(7)2022 Mar 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35408462

RESUMO

An eco-friendly biogenic method for the synthesis of nickel oxide nanoparticles (NiONPs) using phytochemically rich Berberis pachyacantha leaf extract (BPL) was established. To achieve this purpose, 80 mL of BPL extract was used as a suitable reducing and capping agent for the synthesis of NiONPs. The synthesis of BPL-based nickel oxide nanoparticles (BPL@NiONPs) was confirmed using different microscopic and spectroscopic techniques: UV Visible spectroscopy (UV-Vis), Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), X-ray diffraction (XRD), energy dispersive X-ray (EDX), dynamic light scattering (DLS) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) analysis. Spectroscopically, BPL-NiONPs was found with a pure elemental composition (oxygen and nickel), average size (22.53 nm) and rhombohedral structure with multiple functional groups (-OH group and Ni-O formation) on their surface. In the next step, the BPL extract and BPL@NiONPs were further investigated for various biological activities. As compared to BPL extract, BPL@NiONPs exhibited strong biological activities. BPL@NiONPs showed remarkable antioxidant activities in terms of 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (76.08%) and total antioxidant capacity (68.74%). Antibacterial action was found against Pseudomonas aeruginosa (27 mm), Staphylococcus aureus (20 mm) and Escherichia coli (19.67 mm) at 500 µg/mL. While antifungal potentials were shown against Alternaria alternata (81.25%), Fusarium oxysporum (42.86%) and Aspergillus niger (42%) at 1000 µg/mL. Similarly, dose-dependent cytotoxicity response was confirmed against brine shrimp with IC50 value (45.08 µg/mL). Additionally, BPL@NiONPs exhibited stimulatory efficacy by enhancing seed germination rate at low concentrations (31.25 and 62.5 µg/mL). In conclusion, this study depicted that BPL extract has important phytochemicals with remarkable antioxidant activities, which successfully reduced and stabilized the BPL@NiONPs. The overall result of this study suggested that BPL@NiONPs could be used as nanomedicines and nanofertilizers in biomedical and agrarian fields.


Assuntos
Berberis , Nanopartículas Metálicas , Antibacterianos/química , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/química , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Escherichia coli , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Extratos Vegetais/química , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier , Difração de Raios X
6.
Inflammopharmacology ; 30(2): 655-666, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35254584

RESUMO

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA), a chronic auto-immune disease, is often result of persistent and misdirectional inflammation and cannot be effectually resolved by single-target selective drugs. Present study attempted to uncover anti-arthritic efficacy and governing molecular mechanism of BLFE and its phytoconstituents berberine and rutin, with focus on dysregulated oxi-inflammation and structural integrity during articular damage using Collagen II-CFA-induced RA mice model. NMR-based phytometabolomic analysis revealed presence of phenolics and alkaloids such as berberine and rutin. BLFE, rutin and berberine remarkably mitigated Collagen II-CFA-induced disease severity index, articular damage, immune cells influx and pannus formation. An effective decrease in levels of TNF-α, IL-6, IL-1ß, IFN-γ, IL-13, IL-17, MMPs, RORγt, Ob-cadherin, Cox-2, iNOS and enhancement in IL-10, IL-4 and IL-5, BMP-6/7 was observed in BLFE, rutin and berberine treatments. Molecular mechanistic analysis demonstrated reduction in expression of p-STAT-1/3, p-PI3K, p-Akt, p-JNK, p-p38, p-IκB, p-NF-κB and ß-catenin via BLFE, rutin and berberine. Furthermore, reduced activation of p-ERK and p-GSK3ß and enhanced splenic Tregs was only noticed in BLFE and berberine. Thus, the signifying presence of these phytoconstituents could contribute to the above-mentioned findings. These findings imply that BLFE could be beneficial for assuaging deleterious aspects of RA mediated via perturbed inflammation.


Assuntos
Artrite Experimental , Berberina , Berberis , Lycium , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Anti-Inflamatórios/uso terapêutico , Artrite Experimental/induzido quimicamente , Artrite Experimental/tratamento farmacológico , Artrite Experimental/metabolismo , Berberina/farmacologia , Berberina/uso terapêutico , Colágeno , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Frutas , Glicogênio Sintase Quinase 3 beta , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Lycium/metabolismo , Camundongos , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Extratos Vegetais/uso terapêutico , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt , Rutina/farmacologia
7.
BMC Complement Med Ther ; 22(1): 59, 2022 Mar 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35255880

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Despite significant advances in the management of cardiovascular disease (CVDs), there is still a large burden of CVD in the world. The inclusion of functional foods in the diet may provide beneficial effects on CVD. Purple-black barberry due to its richness in anthocyanins and berberine has shown beneficial effects on cardiometabolic factors. We investigated the effects of barberry on plasma lipids as well as inflammatory biomarkers in subjects with cardiovascular risk factors. METHODS: This was an 8-weeks, single-blinded, randomized controlled clinical trial that the participants were randomly assigned to a barberry (10 g/day dried barberry) or placebo group. At baseline and end of the study, plasma lipid profiles including total cholesterol (TC), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), triglycerides (TG), small-dense LDL-C (sd-LDL-C), non-HDL-C, and TC/HDL-C, as well as inflammatory biomarkers including C-reactive protein (CRP) and interleukin-6 (IL-6), were determined. An intention-to-treat analysis was performed. RESULTS: Eighty-four participants were randomly assigned to study groups. The mean (± SD) participants' age was 54.06 ± 10.19 years. Body weight, body mass index (BMI), physical activity, and dietary intake were not different between the two groups at baseline and the end of the study. After adjusting for baseline values, we observed a significant decrease in plasma levels of TG, TC, LDL-C, sd-LDL-C, non-HDL-C, and TC/HDL-C (p < 0.001, p = 0.011, p = 0.015, p = 0.019, p = 0.004, and p = 0.039 respectively) as well as CRP (p = 0.020) in the barberry group compared to the placebo group. CONCLUSIONS: Our results indicate that purple-black barberry consumption decreases plasma levels of CRP and improves lipid profile in subjects with cardiovascular risk factors. TRIAL REGISTRATION: This clinical trial was registered at ClinicalTrials.gov (NCT number: NCT04084847 ).


Assuntos
Berberis , Adulto , Antocianinas , HDL-Colesterol , LDL-Colesterol , Humanos , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
8.
Pak J Pharm Sci ; 35(1(Supplementary)): 171-175, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35228174

RESUMO

The resurgence of scrutiny in plant-based medicine is mainly due to the current widespread belief that "green medicine" is safe and more dependable than the expensive synthetic drugs. The current study was focused to evaluate the anti-myocardial ischemic potential of Berberis orthobotrys Bien ex Aitch against chemically induced myocardial ischemia in animal models. Myocardial ischemia was instigated in Sprague Dawley rats of either sex (250-450g) by administration of Isoproterenol (ISO) and doxorubicin (DOX) at doses of 25mg/kg b.w and 15mg/kg b.w. respectively. The protective effect of the plant extract was explored by pretreating a group of animals with aqueous methanolic extract of Berberis orthobotrys roots at a dose of 50mg/kg b.w. (orally) for 10 days in ISO-ischemic model while for doxorubicin ischemic model; the study was conducted for 14 days. The findings of the study revealed that serum levels of cardiac marker enzymes were significantly increased (p<0.0001) followed by the administration of Isoproterenol and doxorubicin whereas the pretreatment with aqueous methanolic plant extract had significantly (p<0.0001) prevented the rise in the same, as compared to both intoxicated groups. The statistical analysis of the study led to the conclusion that Berberis orthobotrys possesses cardio protective potential against chemically induced myocardial ischemia.


Assuntos
Doxorrubicina/toxicidade , Isquemia Miocárdica/induzido quimicamente , Isquemia Miocárdica/tratamento farmacológico , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Animais , Berberis , Isoproterenol/toxicidade , Extratos Vegetais/química , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
9.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 289: 115097, 2022 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35150818

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Berberis integerrima commonly known as "barberry" belongs to the Berberidaceae family and has been used as a medicinal plant in Iranian traditional medicine. AIM OF THE STUDY: Our aim in this study was to investigate the effects of barberry consumption on blood pressure (BP). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty-four medicated hypertensive patients were selected and randomly allocated to barberry and placebo groups. The barberry group received 10 g/day dried purple-black barberry powder, once daily, for 2-months. Systolic, diastolic, and mean arterial BP was assessed through 24-h ambulatory BP monitoring before and after 2-month treatment. The estimation of sodium and potassium intake was done through measurement of sodium and potassium in 24-h urinary samples. Plasma and urinary nitrite, and nitrate (NOx) levels, as well as plasma angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) activity, were also determined. RESULTS: Seventy-eight participants with an average age of 54.12 ± 10.32 years and BMI of 27.93 ± 2.22 kg/m2 completed the study. There was no significant difference in body weight, physical activity, and the 24-h urinary sodium and potassium excretion between the two groups before and after the study. After adjusting for baseline values and changes in sodium intake, systolic, and mean arterial BP decreased significantly in the barberry group compared to the placebo group (p = 0.015 and p = 0.008, respectively). Plasma NOx levels and ACE activity were not different between the two groups, but urinary NOx was increased significantly in the barberry group compared to the placebo group (p = 0.008). CONCLUSIONS: In patients treated with antihypertensive drugs, daily consumption of purple-black barberry can be effective in improving systolic BP control.


Assuntos
Anti-Hipertensivos/farmacologia , Berberis/química , Hipertensão/tratamento farmacológico , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Adulto , Idoso , Anti-Hipertensivos/isolamento & purificação , Pressão Sanguínea/efeitos dos fármacos , Monitorização Ambulatorial da Pressão Arterial , Feminino , Fatores de Risco de Doenças Cardíacas , Humanos , Irã (Geográfico) , Masculino , Medicina Tradicional , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Método Simples-Cego , Adulto Jovem
10.
Nat Prod Res ; 36(8): 1996-2001, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33118393

RESUMO

Three undescribed prenylated benzoic acid derivatives berberisides A-C (1-3) and a new clerodane glycoside berberiside D (4) were isolated from Berberis tsarica Aherndt. Their structures were elucidated on the basis of extensive NMR and HR-ESI-MS analysis. The in vitro cytotoxic activities of all isolates were studied against lung carcinoma A549, hepatocellular carcinoma HepG2 and breast carcinoma MDA-MB-231 cell lines. Among them, compounds 1 and 4 exhibited anti-proliferative effects against three tumor cell lines with IC50 ranging from 28.97 ± 2.18 to 35.83 ± 0.72 µM.


Assuntos
Berberis , Diterpenos Clerodânicos , Ácido Benzoico , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Diterpenos Clerodânicos/farmacologia , Glicosídeos/farmacologia , Humanos , Estrutura Molecular
11.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int ; 29(12): 17476-17486, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34668134

RESUMO

Organic substrates are gaining popularity as a means of mitigating the negative effects of cadmium (Cd) stress on plant growth. The aim of the present study was to investigate the physio-biochemical attributes of Berberis integerrima bunge under Cd-contaminated soil. The pot experiment was carried out based on a completely randomized design (CRD) with six replicates. Cd stress was used as cadmium chloride (CdCl2) at 10, 20, and 30 mg Cd kg-1 dry soil. Biochar was applied at the doses of 125 g per pot, and vermicompost was used at the doses of 250 g per pot separately, and for their combination, they were used as 125 g per pot of BC + 250 g per pot of VC. The results showed higher Cd accumulation in both roots and leaves when the soil was polluted with Cd concentrations, but both BC and VC decreased the Cd accumulation in plant tissues. Although chlorophyll content and relative water content (RWC) decreased at 20 and 30 mg Cd kg-1 soil, BC and VC, particularly their combination, increased these traits. The highest total phenolic content (TPC) was observed in plants exposed to 20 mg Cd kg-1 soil and combined BC and VC. The total flavonoid content (TFC) was increased to 20 mg Cd kg-1 soil and then decreased to 30 mg Cd kg-1 soil. In addition, organic fertilizer promoted the plants' high accumulation of TFC. The greater activities of antioxidant enzymes including superoxide dismutase (SOD) and phenylalanine ammonia-lyase (PAL) were observed at 30 mg Cd kg-1 soil when organic substrates were added. The present study suggests the use of combined BC and VC lead to alleviate the adverse effects of Cd stress in B. integerrima.


Assuntos
Berberis , Poluentes do Solo , Cádmio/análise , Carvão Vegetal/química , Solo , Poluentes do Solo/análise
12.
Curr Pharm Biotechnol ; 23(1): 60-71, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33557735

RESUMO

Natural products are well known for their high potency with minimum side effects. Plant extracts are the most commonly used natural products because of their ease of availability and relatively low production cost. Berberine (BBR), a phytochemical component of some Chinese medicinal herbs (most commonly Berberis vulgaris), is an isoquinoline alkaloid with several biological and pharmacological effects including antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antitumour, antimicrobial, antidepressant, hepatoprotective, hypolipidemic, and hypoglycemic actions. Interestingly, multiple studies have shown that BBR is a potential drug candidate with a multi-spectrum therapeutic application. However, the oral delivery of BBR is challenged owing to its poor bioavailability. Therefore, its oral bioavailability needs to be enhanced before it can be used in many clinical applications. This review provides an overview of the various studies that support the broad range of pharmacological activities of BBR. Also, it includes a section to address the issues and challenges related to the drug and methods to improve the properties of BBR, such as solubility, stability and bioavailability that may be explored to help patients reap the maximum benefit from this potentially useful drug.


Assuntos
Berberina , Berberis , Disponibilidade Biológica , Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos , Humanos , Extratos Vegetais
13.
Nat Prod Res ; 36(3): 868-873, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32787584

RESUMO

SARS-CoV-2 (or COVID-19) has become a global risk and scientists are attempting to investigate antiviral vaccine. Berberis are important plants due to the presence of bioactive phytochemicals, especially berberine from the protoberberine group of benzylisoquinoline and recent studies have shown its potential in treating COVID-19. B. lycium Royle growing in subtropical regions of Asia had wide applications in Indian system of medicine. Rapid determination and novel optimisation method for berberine extraction has been developed by Soxhlet extraction utilising central composite design-response surface methodology (CCD-RSM). Berberine was detected by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), and the highest yield (13.39%) was obtained by maintaining optimal extraction conditions i.e., extraction time (7.28 hrs), ethyl alcohol (52.21%) and solvent to sample ratio (21.78 v/w). Investigation of two geographic regions (Ramnagar and Srinagar) showed high berberine content in lower altitude. This novel optimisation technique has placed berberine as a potential candidate for developing pharmaceutical products for human health care.


Assuntos
Berberina , Berberis , COVID-19 , Lycium , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Humanos , Extratos Vegetais , Controle de Qualidade , SARS-CoV-2
14.
Methods Mol Biol ; 2343: 309-318, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34473333

RESUMO

Disturbances in the prooxidant-antioxidant balance can occur in metabolic syndrome. Here, we present a protocol for the setup of a clinical trial of metabolic syndrome patients treated with berberine, a dietary phytochemical of the Berberis vulgaris plant, or placebo. The main aim is to obtain a quick and real-time assessment on the overall redox state based on measurement of the prooxidant-antioxidant balance.


Assuntos
Síndrome Metabólica , Antioxidantes , Berberina , Berberis , Humanos , Síndrome Metabólica/tratamento farmacológico , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio
15.
Molecules ; 26(24)2021 Dec 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34946529

RESUMO

Interest in medicinal plants and fruits has increased in recent years due to people beginning to consume natural foods. This study aims to investigate the total phenolic flavonoid content, antioxidant activity, condensed tannin content, oil content, and fatty acid compositions of five local breeds of Berberis spp. from Bayburt, Turkey, and their antioxidant and antimicrobial activities. The fatty acid composition of samples was performed with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS), and the total fatty acid content of samples was between 6.12% and 8.60%. The main fatty acids in Berberis spp. samples were α-linolenic acid (32.85-37.88%) and linoleic acid (30.98-34.28%) followed by oleic acid (12.85-19.56%). Two antioxidant assays produced similar results, demonstrating that extracts of wild B. vulgaris L. had the highest ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) (621.02 µmol FeSO4.7H2O/g) and 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl radical (DPPH) (0.10 SC50 mg/mL) values. According to principal component analysis (PCA), four components were determined. In addition, two main groups were determined according to hierarchical cluster analysis (HCA), and wild and culture of B. vulgaris L. were in different subgroups. This is the first original report about the fatty acid composition and oil content of Berberis spp. grown in Bayburt, Turkey. The obtained results indicate that B. integerrima Bunge and B. vulgaris, which have especially remarkable fatty acid content, antioxidant, and antimicrobial activity, could be potential sources for these properties in different areas of use.


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos/análise , Antioxidantes/análise , Berberis/química , Frutas/química , Cromatografia Gasosa-Espectrometria de Massas
16.
J Mol Graph Model ; 109: 108028, 2021 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34649146

RESUMO

Owing to the shortage of specific medicines, the global pandemic of COVID-19 caused by SARS-CoV-2 has been the greatest challenge for the science community. Researchers from all over the world developed some drugs which failed to completely suppress the contiguous disease. SARS-CoV-2 main protease (Mpro), an important component in viral pathogenesis, is considered as a prospective drug target to stop SARS-CoV-2 infection. Since identification of phytochemicals with anti-Mpro activity has been carried out to develop the potential drugs against SARS-CoV-2. Therefore, the present study was conducted to screen phytochemicals of Berberis asiatica for anti-SARS-CoV-2 activity. Through text mining, thirty phytochemicals were reported from B. asiatica, of which, three phytochemicals (Berbamine, Oxyacanthine, and Rutin) show high affinity with the SARS-CoV-2 Mpro and exhibited favorable intermolecular interactions with the catalytic residues (His41 and Cys145) and other essential residues. The molecular dynamics simulation showed that Mpro-phytochemical complexes are more stable, less fluctuating, more compact, and moderately extended than the Mpro-X77 (Reference) complex. The number of H-bonds and MMPBSA results also demonstrates that Berbamine, Oxyacanthine, and Rutin are potent Mpro inhibitors having free energy of -20.79, -33.35, and -31.12 kcal mol-1 respectively. The toxicity risk prediction supports all phytochemicals for drug-like and non-toxic nature. From the result, we propose that binding of these phytochemicals could hamper the function of Mpro. This work suggests that selected phytochemicals could be used as novel anti-COVID-19 drug candidates, and might act as novel compounds for in vitro and in vivo study.


Assuntos
Berberis , COVID-19 , Benzilisoquinolinas , Humanos , Isoquinolinas , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Simulação de Dinâmica Molecular , Inibidores de Proteases , Rutina , SARS-CoV-2
17.
Molecules ; 26(20)2021 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34684834

RESUMO

Palmatine (PLT) is a natural isoquinoline alkaloid that belongs to the class of protoberberines and exhibits a wide spectrum of pharmacological and biological properties, including anti-cancer activity. The aim of our study was to isolate PLT from the roots of Berberis cretica and investigate its cytotoxic and anti-proliferative effects in vitro alone and in combination with doxorubicine (DOX) using human ER+/HER2- breast cancer cell lines. The alkaloid was purified by column chromatography filled with silica gel NP and Sephadex LH-20 resin developed in the mixture of methanol: water (50:50 v/v) that provided high-purity alkaloid for bioactivity studies. The purity of the alkaloid was confirmed by high resolution mass measurement and MS/MS fragmentation analysis in the HPLC-ESI-QTOF-MS/MS-based analysis. It was found that PLT treatment inhibited the viability and proliferation of breast cancer cells in a dose-dependent manner as demonstrated by MTT and BrdU assays. PLT showed a quite similar growth inhibition on breast cancer cells with IC50 values ranging from 5.126 to 5.805 µg/mL. In contrast, growth of normal human breast epithelial cells was not affected by PLT. The growth inhibitory activity of PLT was related to the induction of apoptosis, as determined by Annexin V/PI staining. Moreover, PLT sensitized breast cancer cells to DOX. Isobolographic analysis revealed synergistic and additive interactions between studied agents. Our studies suggest that PLT can be a potential candidate agent for preventing and treating breast cancer.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Alcaloides de Berberina/farmacologia , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/administração & dosagem , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Alcaloides de Berberina/administração & dosagem , Berberis/química , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Doxorrubicina/administração & dosagem , Sinergismo Farmacológico , Feminino , Humanos , Células MCF-7 , Fitoterapia , Raízes de Plantas/química , Plantas Medicinais/química , Receptores de Estrogênio/metabolismo
18.
Chin J Nat Med ; 19(10): 758-771, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34688466

RESUMO

Berberis amurensis (Berberidaceae) is a traditional Chinese medicine, which is often used to treat hypertension, inflammation, dysentery and enteritis. It contains alkaloids, mainly including berberine, berbamine, magnoflorine, jatrorrhizine and palmatine. Berberis amurensis extracts (BAEs) is often orally taken. Oral herbs might be metabolized by intestinal bacteria in the small intestine. However, the interaction between the herb and the gut microbiota is still unknown. In the current study, UPLC/Q-TOF-MS/MS combined with Metabolitepilot and Peakview software was used to identify the metabolites of BAEs in anti-biotic cocktail induced pseudo germ-free rats and normal rats. As a result, a total of 46 metabolites in normal rats were detected and its main metabolic pathways include demethylation, dehydrogenation, methylation, hydroxylation, sulfation and glucuronidation. Only 29 metabolites existed in pseudo germ-free rats. Dehydrogenated metabolites (M29, M30, M34 and M36), methylated metabolites (M33, M41 and M46) and other metabolites were not detected in pseudo germ-free rats. The result implied that the intestinal bacteria have an influence on the metabolism of BAEs. Furthermore, this investigation might contribute to the understanding of the metabolism of BAEs, and further promote its clinical application.


Assuntos
Alcaloides , Berberis , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Animais , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Ratos , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
19.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 13(16): 20016-20028, 2021 08 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34411001

RESUMO

Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is one of the most common chronic diseases in men over the age of 50. Clinical studies have suggested that chronic inflammation is associated with BPH pathoprogression. Berberine (BB) is a natural compound found in Berberis vulgaris, Coptis chinensis and Phellodendron amurense. Although several studies have documented that BB may be effective for inflammation, the effects of the oral administration of BB on BPH are not fully understood. The effects of BB on chronic prostatic inflammation were evaluated in a testosterone-induced BPH animal model. Orally administered BB alleviated the pathological alterations induced by BPH and significantly suppressed the expression of inflammatory markers while enhancing the expression of antioxidant factors. Furthermore, BB regulated the activation of macrophages via NF-κB signaling pathway inhibition in the BPH rat model. The effects and underlying signaling pathway of BB in RWPE-1 cells exposed to macrophage conditioned medium (CM) were also demonstrated in vitro. While CM stimulation induced prostatic cell proliferation and upregulated the expression of inflammatory factors, BB exerted anti-proliferation and anti-inflammatory effects in RWPE-1 cells. These findings propose that BB suppresses androgen-dependent BPH development by targeting NF-κB-mediated pro-inflammatory signaling.


Assuntos
Berberina/administração & dosagem , Macrófagos/efeitos dos fármacos , NF-kappa B/imunologia , Extratos Vegetais/administração & dosagem , Hiperplasia Prostática/tratamento farmacológico , Administração Oral , Animais , Berberis/química , Humanos , Ativação de Macrófagos/efeitos dos fármacos , Macrófagos/imunologia , Masculino , NF-kappa B/genética , Hiperplasia Prostática/genética , Hiperplasia Prostática/imunologia , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
20.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(13)2021 Jun 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34201477

RESUMO

Pyranoanthocyanins are anthocyanin-derived pigments with higher stability to pH and storage. However, their slow formation and scarcity in nature hinder their industrial application. Pyranoanthocyanin formation can be accelerated by selecting anthocyanin substitutions, cofactor concentrations, and temperature. Limited information is available on the impacts of the chemical structure of the cofactor and anthocyanin; therefore, we evaluated their impacts on pyranoanthocyanin formation efficiency under conditions reported as favorable for the reaction. Different cofactors were evaluated including pyruvic acid, acetone, and hydroxycinnamic acids (p-coumaric, caffeic, ferulic, and sinapic acid) by incubating them with anthocyanins in a molar ratio of 1:30 (anthocyanin:cofactor), pH 3.1, and 45 °C. The impact of the anthocyanin aglycone was evaluated by incubating delphinidin, cyanidin, petunidin, or malvidin derivatives with the most efficient cofactor (caffeic acid) under identical conditions. Pigments were identified using UHPLC-PDA and tandem mass spectrometry, and pyranoanthocyanin formation was monitored for up to 72 h. Pyranoanthocyanin yields were the highest with caffeic acid (~17% at 72 h, p < 0.05). When comparing anthocyanins, malvidin-3-O-glycosides yielded twice as many pyranoanthocyanins after 24 h (~20%, p < 0.01) as cyanidin-3-O-glycosides. Petunidin- and delphinidin-3-O-glycosides yielded <2% pyranoanthocyanins. This study demonstrated the importance of anthocyanin and cofactor selection in pyranoanthocyanin production.


Assuntos
Antocianinas/química , Ácidos Cumáricos/química , Acetona/química , Berberis/química , Ácidos Cafeicos/química , Glicosídeos/química , Estrutura Molecular , Piranos/química , Ácido Pirúvico/química
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