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1.
Int J Mol Sci ; 24(1)2023 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36614281

RESUMO

Polyphenols are a diverse and widely distributed class of secondary metabolites, which possess numerous beneficial properties including a modulation of glucose and lipid metabolism. This placebo-controlled human intervention study was performed to explore effects of polyphenol-rich beverage (PRB) uptake on lipid metabolism, as well as DNA integrity. In this case, 36 healthy men were randomly divided to consume either 750 mL of a PRB (containing 51% chokeberry, cranberry, and pomegranate) or a placebo drink daily for eight weeks. Only PRB consumption was found to decrease fat and protein intakes significantly compared to the preceding one-week washout period. During the intervention with PRB an increased fat-free mass was shown after four weeks, whereas a significant elevation in body weight and leptin was observed in placebo group. Blood lipids were not significantly altered after PRB consumption, while triglyceride levels increased after placebo drink intake. In platelets, a significant inhibition of phosphodiesterase (PDE) activity was observed, more pronounced in test group. Consuming the PRB decreased total DNA strand breaks in whole blood as well as H2O2-induced breaks in isolated lymphocytes. Overall, our study suggested beneficial effects on lipid metabolism by reduced energy intake, modulation of biomarkers such as PDE activity and improved DNA integrity associated with PRB consumption.


Assuntos
Metabolismo dos Lipídeos , Polifenóis , Masculino , Humanos , Polifenóis/farmacologia , Voluntários Saudáveis , Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Bebidas/análise , Método Duplo-Cego
2.
Nutrients ; 15(2)2023 Jan 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36678194

RESUMO

Sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB) consumption may be associated with a reduction in bone mineral density (BMD). The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between the consumption of SSB and BMD among young people. We performed a cross-sectional study that evaluated 6620 young people (18-23 years of age) from three Brazilian birth cohorts (Ribeirão Preto, Pelotas, and São Luís). We analyzed the daily frequency and the amount and energy contribution of the SSB, which were obtained through a food frequency questionnaire. Total body and lumbar spine BMD (g/cm2), measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, were the outcomes. Unadjusted linear regression models, adjusted for sex, socioeconomic class, physical activity, smoking, alcohol consumption, and body mass index were used. The highest tertile of SSB consumption frequency (2.1-16.7 times/day) was associated with a lower lumbar spine BMD (ß = -0.009; 95% CI: -0.017; -0.001; standardized ß = -0.03). This association persisted after adjustment for confounders (ß = -0.008; 95% CI: -0.016; -0.001; standardized ß = -0.03). No association was observed between SSB consumption frequency and total body BMD or between the amount and energy contribution of SSB and total body or lumbar spine BMD. A high frequency of SSB consumption was associated with a low lumbar spine BMD.


Assuntos
Doenças Ósseas Metabólicas , Bebidas Adoçadas com Açúcar , Humanos , Adolescente , Coorte de Nascimento , Brasil/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Densidade Óssea , Bebidas/efeitos adversos
3.
Lett Appl Microbiol ; 76(1)2023 Jan 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36688767

RESUMO

The functional food ingredients market has been growing due to the preferences for healthier, nutritional, environment-friendly, and convenience foods. Here, we evaluated the antimicrobial potential of the lyophilized cell-free supernatants of the two most promising oral probiotic strains Streptococcus salivarius M18 and S. salivarius K12 on Pseudomonas aeruginosa to be applied for safety purposes in the milk. We showed that the lyophilized culture supernatant of the strain M18 inhibited the pathogen growth in milk by about 75%, 70%, and 60% when incubated at 37°C, room temperature, and +4°C, respectively. The inhibition levels were about 50%, 30%, and 45% for the lyophilized K12 cell-free supernatant. Besides, the lyophilized culture supernatants of the oral probiotics, especially of S. salivarius M18, exhibited anti-cancer activities on colon cancer cells in vitro. Thus, the results of this manuscript suggest that the cell-free supernatants of the M18 and K12 strains are potential candidates, which merit more investigation for their applications, as biopreservatives in foods and beverages and as anti-cancer biotics for human health.


Assuntos
Probióticos , Streptococcus salivarius , Humanos , Animais , Streptococcus , Leite , Probióticos/farmacologia , Bebidas
4.
Nutrients ; 15(1)2023 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36615870

RESUMO

We performed this study to investigate the association between sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption and male pattern hair loss (MPHL) in young men. We conducted this cross-sectional study from January to April 2022 in mainland China. Young people aged 18-45 years (n = 1951) were recruited from 31 provinces in China. We used a self-reported online survey for data collection. We explored the associations between the amount/frequency of SSB consumption and MPHL by using a binary logistic regression model, with adjustments for sociodemographic, hair status, dietary intake, lifestyle, and psychological factors. Among the 1028 participants (27.8 ± 7.2 years) in the final analysis, we found that high SSB consumption is associated with a higher risk of MPHL. We recommend more support to decrease SSB consumption among young people to minimize negative health outcomes.


Assuntos
Bebidas Adoçadas com Açúcar , Humanos , Masculino , Adolescente , Bebidas Adoçadas com Açúcar/efeitos adversos , Estudos Transversais , Inquéritos e Questionários , Estilo de Vida , Alopecia/epidemiologia , Alopecia/etiologia , Bebidas
5.
Nutrients ; 15(1)2023 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36615901

RESUMO

The consumption of sugar and non-nutritive sweeteners has been associated with poor health outcomes. The aim of this paper was to provide a comparison of the range of sweetened or flavoured beverages between two high-income countries in the Asia-Pacific region: Australia and Singapore. Following the FoodTrackTM methodology, nutrition, labelling, and price data were collected from major Australian and Singaporean supermarket chains and convenience stores. The nutrient profiles of products were tested for differences using Kruskal-Wallis and Mann-Whitney U tests. The greatest number of products collected in Australia were from the 'carbonated beverages' category (n = 215, 40%), and in Singapore the greatest number of products were from the 'tea and coffee ready-to-drink' category (n = 182, 35%). There were more calorically sweetened beverages in Singapore compared with Australia (n = 462/517 vs. n = 374/531, p < 0.001). For calorically sweetened products, the median energy of Singaporean products was significantly higher than Australian products (134 kJ vs. 120 kJ per 100 mL, p = 0.009). In Australia, 52% of sweetened or flavoured beverages displayed a front-of-pack nutrient signposting logo, compared with 34% of sweetened or flavoured beverages in Singapore. These findings also indicate that the consumption of just one serving of calorically sweetened carbonated beverages or energy drinks would exceed the WHO maximum daily free sugar recommendations.


Assuntos
Bebidas , Bebidas Energéticas , Singapura , Austrália , Bebidas/análise , Bebidas Gaseificadas , Açúcares
6.
J Clin Pediatr Dent ; 47(1): 36-43, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36627218

RESUMO

This study evaluated in vitro the roughness of the pit and fissure sealants (PFS) after immersion in some industrialized acidic beverages. 120 discs (5 mm diameter and 2 mm thick) of 4 commercial brands (3M, Ivoclar, Ultradent, and VOCO) were immersed in 1.5 mL of 3 different industrialized acid beverages (soft drink, apple juice, and fermented milk) and incubated at 37 ºC for 15 and 30 days. Surface roughness (Ra and Rz) was measured at the beginning (0), 15 (1), and 30 days (2) after immersion, using a profilometer, under the standard ISO 4287-1997. Data were analyzed with one-way analysis of variance (One-way ANOVA) and repeated measures analysis of variance (Repeated measures ANOVA) test (p < 0.05). Ultradent and VOCO had the higher baseline surface roughness values, while 3M presented the lower baseline values (p > 0.05). After 15 and 30 days of immersion, the 3M group still showed the minimum values of surface roughness (p < 0.05). In addition, the maximum roughness values were seen in group UC (Ultradent/Coca-Cola) (p < 0.05). The surface roughness of the PFS increased according to the period of immersion in some industrialized acidic beverages. This increase was specific to each commercial brand. Therefore, the 3M PFS presented the best performance before and after immersion in the beverages.


Assuntos
Resinas Compostas , Selantes de Fossas e Fissuras , Humanos , Propriedades de Superfície , Teste de Materiais , Bebidas
7.
BMC Public Health ; 23(1): 72, 2023 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36627591

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Evidence for an association between the local food environment, diet and diet-related disease is mixed, particularly in the UK. One reason may be the use of more distal outcomes such as weight status and cardiovascular disease, rather than more proximal outcomes such as food purchasing. This study explores associations between food environment exposures and food and drink purchasing for at-home and out-of-home (OOH) consumption. METHODS: We used item-level food and drink purchase data for London and the North of England, UK, drawn from the 2019 Kantar Fast Moving Consumer Goods panel to assess associations between food environment exposures and household-level take-home grocery (n=2,118) and individual-level out-of-home (n=447) food and drink purchasing. Density, proximity and relative composition measures were created for both supermarkets and OOH outlets (restaurants and takeaways) using a 1 km network buffer around the population-weighted centroid of households' home postcode districts. Associations between food environment exposure measures and frequency of take-home food and drink purchasing, total take-home calories, calories from fruits and vegetables, high fat, salt and sugar products, and ultra-processed foods (UPF), volume of take-home alcoholic beverages, and frequency of OOH purchasing were modelled using negative binomial regression adjusted for area deprivation, population density, and individual and household socio-economic characteristics. RESULTS: There was some evidence for an inverse association between distance to OOH food outlets and calories purchased from ultra-processed foods (UPF), with a 500 m increase in distance to the nearest OOH outlet associated with a 1.1% reduction in calories from UPF (IR=0.989, 95%CI 0.982-0.997, p=0.040). There was some evidence for region-specific effects relating to purchased volumes of alcohol. However, there was no evidence for an overall association between food environment exposures and take-home and OOH food and drink purchasing. CONCLUSIONS: Despite some evidence for exposure to OOH outlets and UPF purchases, this study finds limited evidence for the impact of the food environment on household food and drink purchasing. Nonetheless, region-specific effects regarding alcohol purchasing indicate the importance of geographical context for research and policy.


Assuntos
Bebidas , Comércio , Meio Ambiente , Alimentos , Humanos , Estudos Transversais , Dieta , Ingestão de Energia , Fast Foods , Restaurantes , Comércio/estatística & dados numéricos , Reino Unido
10.
Sci Rep ; 13(1): 185, 2023 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36604588

RESUMO

Black carrots are rich in bio-actives but underutilized owing to their short-term availability and perishable nature. Traditionally, black carrots have been used for the preparation of Kanji-a fermented non-dairy beverage prepared using natural fermentation by lactic acid bacteria and a few spices. This plant-based probiotic beverage has high antioxidant properties but there is a risk of contamination with pathogens due to uncontrolled fermentation during storage. To enhance the availability of this nutritious beverage throughout the year and to ensure the microbiological safety of the traditional fermented product, the present study was planned to optimize the process for controlled fermentation using freeze-dried lactic acid bacterial (LAB) culture and refractance window-dried black carrot powder. The physicochemical and microbiological profiles of LAB-fermented Kanji were analysed. The dried Kanji mix can be reconstituted into naturally fermented probiotic beverage with unique flavour and aroma along with ensured microbiological safety and enhanced commercial value.


Assuntos
Daucus carota , Pós , Bebidas/análise , Paladar , Padrões de Referência , Fermentação
11.
PLoS One ; 18(1): e0279275, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36630326

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The food industry advertises unhealthy foods intended for children which in turn fosters poor diets. This study characterized advertising expenditures on child-targeted products in Canada and compared these expenditures between Quebec, where commercial advertising to children under 13 is restricted, and the rest of Canada, where food advertising to children is self-regulated. METHODS: Advertising expenditures data for 2016 and 2019 for 57 select food categories and five media channels were licensed from Numerator. Products and brands targeted to children were identified based on their nature and the advertising techniques used to promote them. Advertising expenditures were classified as healthy/unhealthy using Health Canada's nutrient profile model. Expenditures per child capita aged 2-12 years were calculated and expenditures from 2016 were adjusted for inflation. Advertising expenditures were described by media, food category, year, and geographic region. RESULTS: Overall, $57.2 million CAD was spent advertising child-targeted products in Canada in 2019. Television accounted for 77% of expenditures followed by digital media (18%), and the food categories with the highest expenditures were candy/chocolate (30%) and restaurants (16%). The totality of expenditures (99.9%-100%) in both Quebec and the rest of Canada in 2016 and 2019 were considered 'unhealthy'. Across all media channels (excluding digital), advertising expenditures were 9% lower in 2019 versus 2016. Advertising expenditures per capita were 32% lower in Quebec ($9.40/capita) compared to the rest of the country ($13.91/capita). CONCLUSION: In Canada, millions are spent promoting child-targeted products considered inappropriate for advertising to children. While per capita advertising expenditures for these products are lower in Quebec compared to the rest of Canada, they remain high, suggesting that Quebec's commercial advertising restrictions directed to children are likely not sufficiently protecting them from unhealthy food advertising.


Assuntos
Publicidade , Gastos em Saúde , Humanos , Internet , Alimentos , Bebidas , Canadá , Televisão , Indústria Alimentícia , Políticas
12.
Nutrients ; 15(2)2023 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36678146

RESUMO

Pancreatic cancer (PanCa) is a highly fatal malignancy with few modifiable risk and prognostic factors. This study investigates the association between cola, diet cola, and non-cola soft drink consumption and PanCa risk and mortality. A retrospective study was conducted using data from the Patient Epidemiology Data System (1982-1998) at Roswell Park Comprehensive Cancer Center (Buffalo, NY, USA), including 213 PanCa patients and 852 cancer-free controls. Data were collected using a self-administered questionnaire, including a 46-item food frequency questionnaire (FFQ). Multivariable logistic regression was used to estimate odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) of cola, diet cola, and non-cola soft drink consumption and PanCa risk. Cox proportional hazard regression was used to estimate hazard ratios (HR) and 95% CIs of cola, diet cola, and non-cola soft drink consumption and PanCa mortality. Stratified analyses were conducted by sex, body mass index (BMI), and smoking status. We observed significant 55% increased odds of PanCa among patients consuming ≥1 regular cola per day (OR: 1.55, 95% CI: 1.01-2.39). We also observed non-significant 38% increased hazard of mortality among patients consuming ≥1 regular cola per day (HR: 1.38, 95% CI: 0.91-2.07). We conclude that regular cola consumption is a modifiable lifestyle that may be associated with PanCa risk and mortality following diagnosis.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Pancreáticas , Açúcares , Humanos , Bebidas Adoçadas Artificialmente , Edulcorantes/efeitos adversos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Estudos Prospectivos , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/etiologia , Bebidas/efeitos adversos , Bebidas/análise
13.
Nutrients ; 15(2)2023 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36678228

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The high intake of added sugars from foods or beverages increases the risk of obesity, hypertension, dyslipidemia, and cardiovascular disease. Because state-level data are lacking, we estimated dietary intake of added sugars by state and factors associated with intake among US adults. DESIGN: Nationally representative, cross-sectional, in-person, household survey. SETTING: 50 states and DC. SAMPLE: 52,279 US adults from pooled data from 2010 and 2015 National Health Interview Surveys. MEASURES: Estimated total added sugars intake (tsp/day) using the National Cancer Institute's scoring algorithm that converts responses from the Dietary Survey Questionnaire screener to estimated total added sugars intake (tsp/day). ANALYSIS: Mean dietary-added sugars intake estimates and standard error were calculated for adults' characteristics and by state for all 50 states and the District of Columbia. Differences by adult's characteristics were assessed by pairwise t-tests (p < 0.05). All analyses accounted for complex survey design and sampling weights. RESULTS: Overall, US adults consumed 17.0 tsp of added sugars/day (range: 14.8 tsp/day in Alaska to 1.2 tsp/day in Kentucky). Added sugars intake varied by states and sociodemographic characteristics. CONCLUSION: Findings may inform efforts to reduce added sugars intake to lower the high burden of chronic disease.


Assuntos
Sacarose na Dieta , Açúcares , Humanos , Adulto , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , District of Columbia , Sacarose na Dieta/efeitos adversos , Estudos Transversais , Inquéritos Nutricionais , Bebidas , Ingestão de Energia , Dieta
14.
Nutrients ; 15(2)2023 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36678301

RESUMO

(1) Background: The increasing occurrence of the metabolic syndrome (MetS) is largely related to harmful food habits. Among them, the consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) is noteworthy. However, to our knowledge, there are not enough high-quality methodological studies summarizing the association between the intake of SSBs and the MetS. Therefore, the aim of this study is to examine the existing published results on this association among adults by synthesizing the existing evidence. (2) Methods: Systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies following the PRISMA guidelines. Relevant information was extracted and presented following the PRISMA recommendations. PubMed and SCOPUS databases were searched for studies published until June 2022 that assessed the association between SSB consumption (including soft drinks, bottled fruit juices, energy drinks, and milkshakes) and the occurrence of MetS. Random effect models were used to estimate pooled odds ratios (ORs) with their 95% coefficient interval, and I2 was used to assess heterogeneity. (3) Results: A total of 14 publications from 6 different countries were included in this meta-analysis (9 cross-sectional and 5 cohort studies). For the cross-sectional studies, which included 62,693 adults, the pooled OR for the risk of MetS was 1.35 (95% CI 1.15, 1.58; I2 57%) when the highest versus the lowest categories of SSB consumption were compared. For the cohort studies, which included 28,932 adults, the pooled OR was 1.18 (95% CI 1.06, 1.32; I2 70%). (4) Conclusions: The consumption of SSBs was positively associated with an increased risk of MetS. The published literature supports public health strategies and the need to reduce the consumption of SSBs to prevent MetS.


Assuntos
Síndrome Metabólica , Bebidas Adoçadas com Açúcar , Adulto , Humanos , Bebidas Adoçadas com Açúcar/efeitos adversos , Síndrome Metabólica/epidemiologia , Síndrome Metabólica/etiologia , Estudos Transversais , Sucos de Frutas e Vegetais , Bebidas Gaseificadas , Bebidas/efeitos adversos
15.
Cien Saude Colet ; 28(1): 269-280, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36629571

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of fruit juice consumption before 6 months of age on Body Mass Index-for-age (BMI-for-age) and food consumption in preschoolers. We conducted a longitudinal study with mothers and their children (n=103) at 6 months and 3-6 years. Weight and height were measured and converted into BMI-for-age z-scores. Food consumption was analyzed using the Food Frequency Questionnaire for Children. Groups were compared using the chi-squared and Student's t-tests. No differences in anthropometric measurements were found at preschool age between children who had been given fruit juice before 6 months and those who had not. Consumption of artificial juice (≥once/day) and sandwich cookies at preschool age was higher in children with early introduction of fruit juice (≤150 days of life) (63.8% versus 35.7%; p=0.028 and 21.3% versus 14.3%; p=0.001, respectively). The prevalence of the consumption of soda (1 to 4 times/week) and chocolate milk (at least once/day) was higher in children who had been given artificial juice before 6 months (69.2% versus 27.4%; p=0.014 and 38.5% versus 69.4%; p=0.027, respectively). It can be concluded that the consumption of sweet foods and sugary beverages was higher in children with early introduction of fruit juice.


Objetivou-se avaliar o impacto do consumo de sucos antes dos 6 meses de idade no Índice de Massa Corporal para Idade (IMC/I) e no consumo alimentar em pré-escolares. Estudo longitudinal com amostra composta por mães e seus filhos (n=103) entre 6 meses e 3 a 6 anos. Peso e estatura foram aferidos e convertidos para o escore z de IMC/I. Para avaliar o consumo alimentar, foi utilizado o Questionário de Frequência Alimentar Infantil. Testes de Qui-Quadrado e t de Student foram utilizados para comparação entre os grupos. Não houve diferença nos parâmetros antropométricos entre pré-escolares que receberam ou não suco antes dos seis meses. Aquelas que tiveram introdução de suco mais precoce (≤150 dias de vida) apresentaram consumo mais frequente (≥1x/dia) de suco artificial (63,8% versus 35,7%; p=0,028) e biscoito recheado (21,3% versus 14,3%; p=0,001) na idade pré-escolar. Crianças que receberam suco do tipo artificial antes dos 6 meses tiveram maior prevalência de consumo de refrigerante entre 1 e 4x/semana (69,2% versus 27,4%; p=0,014) e menor prevalência de consumo de achocolatado pelo menos 1x/dia (38,5% versus 69,4%; p=0,027). Sendo assim, crianças com introdução precoce de suco apresentaram maior consumo de alimentos doces e bebidas açucaradas em fase pré-escolar.


Assuntos
Sucos de Frutas e Vegetais , Obesidade , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Bebidas , Peso Corporal , Frutas , Estudos Longitudinais , Obesidade/epidemiologia
16.
J Chromatogr A ; 1689: 463771, 2023 Jan 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36610188

RESUMO

In this paper, several new multi-magnetic center magnetic ionic liquids (MMILs) were prepared with paramagnetic component simultaneously contained in both the cation and anion and used as extractants to establish a dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction (DLLME) approach followed by in-situ MMIL decomposition based back-extraction for the enrichment and determination of four parabens in beverages. The appropriate MMIL was selected by investigating the extraction performances of the obtained MMILs combined with high performance liquid chromatography-ultraviolet detection (HPLC-UV), and some other experimental factors were explored. Under the optimized DLLME conditions, the four parabens exhibited coefficients of determination (R2) above 0.9987 in the linear range of 0.1-500 ng·mL-1 for ethylparaben, propylparaben and butylparaben and 0.2-500 ng·mL-1 for methylparaben. The limits of detection (LODs) and limits of quantification (LOQs) were respectively within 0.03-0.06 ng·mL-1 and 0.1-0.2 ng·mL-1, and the relative standard deviations (RSDs) for intra-day and inter-day precision were below 10.8%. Moreover, the application of the developed MMIL-based DLLME method in beverage samples exhibited recoveries within 81.3%-112.1% with RSDs of 0.3%-13.1% at three different spiked levels.


Assuntos
Líquidos Iônicos , Microextração em Fase Líquida , Parabenos/análise , Microextração em Fase Líquida/métodos , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/métodos , Limite de Detecção , Fenômenos Magnéticos , Bebidas/análise
17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36674051

RESUMO

This study examined how Brazilian schoolchildren identified, classified, and labeled foods and beverages. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 133 schoolchildren aged 7 to 10 years old from a public school located in southern Brazil in 2015. A set of cards with pictures of 32 food and beverage items from the web-based Food Intake and Physical Activity of Schoolchildren tool (Web-CAAFE) were used. Participants identified each item, formed groups for them based on similarity, and assigned labels for those groups. Student's t-tests and analysis of variance (ANOVA) tests were used to verify the mean difference between the groups of items. K-means cluster analysis was applied to identify similar clusters. Schoolchildren made an average of 9.1 piles of foods and beverages that they thought were similar (±2.4) with 3.0 cards (±1.8) each. Five groups were identified: meats, snacks and pasta, sweets, milk and dairy products, and fruits and vegetables. The most frequently used nomenclature for labeling groups was taxonomic-professional (47.4%), followed by the specific food item name (16.4%), do not know/not sure (13.3%), and evaluative (health perception) (8.8%). The taxonomic-professional category could be applied to promote improvements in the identification process of food and beverage items by children in self-reported computerized dietary questionnaires.


Assuntos
Bebidas , Frutas , Criança , Humanos , Brasil , Verduras , Comportamento Alimentar
18.
Biosensors (Basel) ; 13(1)2023 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36671970

RESUMO

The measurement of ethanol and toxic alcohol (methanol and isopropanol) strengths in beverages and spirits is crucial for health reasons but also for the identification of adulterated products. Many methodologies have been reported in the literature, based mainly on chromatographic and on spectroscopic techniques. Chromatographic techniques are laborious and time-consuming, while spectroscopic techniques are rapid and need no special sample pretreatment. All techniques were only applied to off-line or at-line manner. In the present work, Raman spectroscopy was used for fast and non-destructive measurements. A "through the container" method was developed for a non-invasive analysis, i.e., analysis without unsealing the bottles. This method, coupled with a miniature portable Raman, can serve for in-line measurements in a production line. The optimum laser focus for maximum spirit signal and minimum glass-wall signal was investigated. Calibration curves for the alcohols of interest were constructed and validated. The limits of detections were calculated and proved to be lower than the legitimate values. The influences of the liquor color and the bottle color, shape, and thickness were checked. Twenty-eight alcoholic products were studied. The concentrations found were compared against the nominal values (from the bottle labels).


Assuntos
Bebidas Alcoólicas , Etanol , Etanol/análise , Bebidas Alcoólicas/análise , Análise Espectral Raman/métodos , Bebidas/análise , Metanol/análise
19.
Food Chem ; 407: 135144, 2023 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36493474

RESUMO

The rational design of high-efficiency catalysts for non-enzymatic glucose sensing is extremely important for the timely and effective monitoring of glucose content in beverages and human blood. A 3D bimetallic organic framework (Coordination Polymer of Oslo, CPO) nanorod array with oxygen vacancies was green fabricated on carbon cloth (Ni0.5Co0.5-CPO-27 NRA/CC) using dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) microplasma for the first time. Density functional theory (DFT) calculations demonstrated that the oxygen vacancy of Ni0.5Co0.5-CPO-27 can be effectively induced under DBD microplasma conditions. Based on the 3D nanorod arrays with rich oxygen vacancies and bimetallic synergistic effects, as a non-enzyme glucose sensor, the Ni0.5Co0.5-CPO-27 electrode exhibited a sensitivity of 8499.5 µA L/mmol cm-2 and 3239.2 µA L/mmol cm-2 and a limit of detection (LOD) of 0.16 µmol/L (S/N = 3). It has been successfully applied to the determination of glucose levels in real samples such as cola, green tea and human serum.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , Nanotubos , Humanos , Oxigênio , Glucose , Bebidas
20.
Int J Food Microbiol ; 386: 110043, 2023 Feb 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36495819

RESUMO

Intrinsic characteristics of fresh produce, such as pH, water activity, acid content and nutrient availability are critical factors in determining the survival and growth of Listeria monocytogenes (Lm). In this study, sterile fresh produce juice was used to analyze Lm growth potential among 14 different commodities and to identify physicochemical characteristics in those juices that affect Lm growth. Significant growth of Lm was observed in juices with pH ≥5.6 and low acidity (0.04-0.07 % titratable acidity (TA)) (cantaloupe, carrot, celery, green pepper, parsley, and romaine lettuce), slight reduction of Lm was observed in juices with pH 4.1 (tomato) and pH 3.9 (mango), and no Lm counts were recovered from juices with pH ≤3.8 and high acidity (0.28-1.17 % TA) (apple, blueberry, grape, peach, and pineapple). Although these acidic fruit juices possessed a high sugar content, the pH and acidity of produce juice seemed to be the primary determinants for Lm growth. The neutralization of acidic juices (i.e., Fuji and Gala apple, blueberry, grape, mango, pineapple, peach, and tomato) enabled Lm growth at 37 °C in all juices except for Gala apple and peach. Strong decline in Lm populations in Gala apple, grape and peach juices might be linked to sensitivity to organic acids, such as malic acid. Furthermore, Lm populations significantly decreased in pH-neutral (7.6) cauliflower juice, suggesting that potential antilisterial substances may play a role in Lm decline in cauliflower juice.


Assuntos
Listeria monocytogenes , Malus , Frutas , Verduras , Bebidas/análise , Açúcares , Compostos Orgânicos , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio
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