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1.
Med Ref Serv Q ; 40(3): 292-302, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34495799

RESUMO

The Rutgers University (RU) Open and Affordable Textbooks (OAT) Program provides $1,000 incentive awards to faculty who commit to redesigning or developing a course to use open or affordable course materials. This can include replacing a traditional textbook with open educational resources (OER), library-licensed materials, course reserves, self-developed materials, or a combination of these. It is a university-wide initiative, but this paper will focus on the impact on students in the health science programs. In many cases Health Sciences faculty went beyond using open educational resources by developing their own and making them freely available to their students and others. As of 2020 it is estimated students in the health sciences have saved $285,218 through the use of open materials and sustainable course design.


Assuntos
Bibliotecas , Universidades , Docentes , Humanos , Estudantes
2.
Health Info Libr J ; 38(3): 157-159, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34549515

RESUMO

Acknowledging the new ways in which activity tracking technologies (ATTs) such as Apple Watch, Fitbit and Garmin are changing the ways in which we understand human-information interactions, Aylin Imeri calls for information science and health libraries to extend their health information literacy remit to support ATT user information needs.


Assuntos
Letramento em Saúde , Bibliotecas , Monitores de Aptidão Física , Humanos
3.
J Med Libr Assoc ; 109(2): 336-338, 2021 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34285678

RESUMO

Recent global events have underscored the need for broad access to digitized library special collections. At the same time, a burgeoning field of scientific and historical inquiry is finding a goldmine of data in the physical old books and manuscripts stored for centuries on library shelves. This article gives an overview of some of the interesting studies employing library materials in the new field of biocodicology, which expands the field of codicology (learning about book history through studying a copy's physical attributes, sometimes referred to as "archaeology of the book") to interrogate physical books with proteomic, genomic, and microbiomic tools. Historical health sciences collections provide rich, new research avenues for budding biocodicologists, and biocodicology and other interdisciplinary fields focused on material culture present an unforeseen justification for institutions' continued preservation and access to individual physical copies.


Assuntos
Bibliotecas , Medicina , Livros , Acervo de Biblioteca , Proteômica
4.
Med Ref Serv Q ; 40(2): 139-150, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33835904

RESUMO

When millions saw footage of George Floyd's murder by police during the COVID-19 pandemic where marginalized groups had higher death rates, increased awareness and action arose because Black people are treated differently in the United States. Many libraries subsequently created statements and committees to commit to reduce inequities in libraries; however, Black bodies are still being harmed. Therefore, this editorial details the Start and End with I concept and provides concrete steps for making change. It is time to center the voices that have been dismissed and ignored for too long. Are you willing to do what it takes?


Assuntos
Afro-Americanos , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Bibliotecas , Racismo/prevenção & controle , Pessoas Famosas , Homicídio , Humanos , Minnesota , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2 , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
5.
Hist Cienc Saude Manguinhos ; 2828(1): 293-300, 2021.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33787706

RESUMO

This article aims to provide researchers and students with information on digital archives in libraries in Latin America and elsewhere. It is aimed at those interested in health history, focusing on Peru and Chile.


Assuntos
Arquivos , Bibliotecas Digitais , COVID-19 , Chile , História da Medicina , América Latina , Bibliotecas , Peru
6.
Rev. cub. inf. cienc. salud ; 32(1): e1753, tab, fig
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1280194

RESUMO

El estudio tuvo como objetivo examinar la viabilidad de la aplication de herramientas que ilustren el uso de la colección y de la institución, por parte la comunidad usuaria de la Biblioteca Provincial "Martí", y contribuyan a una mejor toma de decisiones. La investigación se basó en una combinación de métodos cualitativos y cuantitativos; entre ellos, los matemáticos y estadísticos y las herramientas de visualización de la información. La muestra comprendió 1 422 usuarios, representativa del 25 por ciento del total de la población de la Biblioteca Provincial "Martí", de Villa Clara. A partir de la información que se generó en el sistema de control estadístico de la institución, se recolectaron, se procesaron y se analizaron indicadores relativos al índice de captación, los servicios por usuarios, el uso de la biblioteca, el índice de circulación de la colección, el índice de rotación de la colección y el co-uso de los documentos por temáticas. Los datos revelaron aspectos esenciales de la gestión de la institución objeto de estudio y la necesidad de acometer acciones con respecto a su política de adquisición y de difusión, a fin de revertir los aspectos con incidencia negativa. El trabajo concluye con el reconocimiento de que la aplicación de esta novedosa forma de tratar los datos es una alternativa para la presentación de información en el proceso de la toma de decisiones de cualquier institución similar(AU)


The purpose of the study was to examine the viability of the application of tools that illustrate the use of the collection and the institution, by the user community of the Martí Provincial Library, which contributes to better decision-making.The research was based on a combination of qualitative and quantitative methods, among them mathematical and statistical, and information visualization tools. The sample was composed of 1 422 users representing 25 percent of the total population of Martí Provincial Library in Villa Clara. Starting from the information generated by the statistical control system of the institution, indicators were collected, processed and analyzed which had to do with the following variables: recruitment rate, services per user, use of the library, collection circulation rate, collection turnover rate, and document co-use by subject. The data revealed essential aspects of management at the study institution, as well as the need to implement actions related to their acquisition and dissemination policy with a view to improving deficient areas. The paper recognizes that application of this novel way to treat data is an alternative for the presentation of information in the decision-making process at any similar institution(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Difusão , Informação , Indicadores e Reagentes , Bibliotecas
7.
Rev. cub. inf. cienc. salud ; 32(1): e1812, tab, fig
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1280198

RESUMO

Las bibliotecas y los centros de documentación carecen de una guía metodológica para transformar sus datos RDF en grafos de conocimiento, lo que impide que puedan aprovechar las facilidades de esta herramienta en la búsqueda y recuperación de información. El artículo propone una metodología para la transformación de datos bibliográficos en grafos de conocimiento. Se presenta ANCORP, a partir del análisis de las técnicas de incrustación, limpieza y chequeo de grafos de conocimiento. Esta metodología se divide en dos partes: la parte 1, dedicada a la construcción del grafo de conocimiento, y la parte 2, dedicada a resolver los procesos de recuperación de información. Con la implementación de la metodología se corroboran saltos cualitativos en la recuperación de información y en la calidad de los datos(AU)


Libraries and documentation centers haven't a methodology guide to transform their RDF data into knowledge graphs, which prevents them from taking advantage of the facilities of this tool in the search and retrieval of information. This methodology was proposed for the transformation of bibliographic data in knowledge graphs. ANCORP was presented from the analysis of the techniques of incrustation, cleaning and checking of knowledge graphs. This methodology was divided into two parts: part I dedicated to the construction of the knowledge graph, and part II dedicated to solving the processes of information retrieval. With the implementation of the methodology, qualitative leaps in the information retrieval and in the quality of the data are corroborated(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Armazenamento e Recuperação da Informação , Conhecimento , Gestão da Qualidade , Informação , Bibliotecas
8.
Hist. ciênc. saúde-Manguinhos ; 28(1): 293-300, mar. 2021. graf
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1154305

RESUMO

Resumen Este artículo tiene como propósito poner al alcance de investigadores y estudiantes información sobre archivos digitales de bibliotecas en América Latina y en el extranjero. Su contenido está orientado para aquellos interesados en historia de la salud, con énfasis en Perú y Chile.


Abstract This article aims to provide researchers and students with information on digital archives in libraries in Latin America and elsewhere. It is aimed at those interested in health history, focusing on Peru and Chile.


Assuntos
Arquivos , Bibliotecas Digitais , Peru , Chile , COVID-19 , História da Medicina , América Latina , Bibliotecas
9.
Rev. cub. inf. cienc. salud ; 32(1): e1533, fig
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1280208

RESUMO

La alfabetización informacional contribuye, desde su surgimiento, al fortalecimiento de las competencias informacionales de los estudiantes y tributa a su proceso de aprendizaje para toda la vida. Las bibliotecas universitarias, como instituciones educativas, juegan un rol en esa actividad. La intención de este estudio fue examinar el escenario teórico-conceptual referente a las prácticas de la alfabetización informacional en el contexto universitario. Se ofrece una panorámica de su desarrollo y el rol de las bibliotecas en ese sentido, a partir del análisis de esas instituciones y cómo tributan a la alfabetización informacional. Se exponen algunas experiencias que tributan a la consolidación de esa práctica en el contexto universitario. Se consideran, además, los elementos que han condicionado el desarrollo de la alfabetización informacional en la educación superior; el diseño de acertados programas de alfabetización informacional, que tengan en cuenta las necesidades y las características específicas del sector al que van dirigidos, y otros aspectos externos que pueden contribuir a la calidad de este; todo desde el análisis de la información contenida en la bibliografía publicada y no publicada consultada sobre el tema. Lo referido es alcanzable si se logra inculcar la importancia de la información como recurso que mueve a la sociedad, y el respeto hacia esta que debe primar en todo momento, teniendo en cuenta elementos como el plagio, la propiedad intelectual, los derechos de autor y la cita a los autores(AU)


Ever since it was created, information literacy has aided in the strengthening of students' information competences, contributing to their learning process for a lifetime. University libraries, being as they are educational institutions, play an important role in that activity. The purpose of the study was to examine the theoretical-conceptual framework of information literacy practices in the university context. An overview is provided of their development and the role of libraries in that field, starting from the analysis of those institutions and their contribution to information literacy. Some experiences are presented which contribute to the consolidation of this practice in the university context. An analysis is also made of the elements which have conditioned the development of information literacy in higher education, the design of appropriate information literacy programs bearing in mind the specific characteristics and needs of the sector they are intended for, and other external aspects which may enrich its quality, based on the analysis of the information contained in published and non-published bibliography about the topic. The above is achievable with awareness of the importance of information as a resource that drives society, and the respect toward information, which should prevail at all times, taking into account aspects such as plagiarism, intellectual property, copyrights and authors' citations(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Ensino , Universidades , Competência em Informação , Aprendizagem , Bibliotecas
10.
Rev. adm. pública (Online) ; 55(1): 84-94, Jan.-Feb. 2021. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1155644

RESUMO

Abstract In response to the COVID-19 pandemic, the New South Wales (NSW) government ordered the closure of all municipal libraries in order to limit the impact of the contagion. As a result, 372 public libraries in NSW ceased operation on the 23rd March 2020. While the closure of public libraries will undoubtedly contribute to restricting the spread of the coronavirus, given the pivotal role played by municipal libraries in local communities, as well as the special characteristics of library patrons, it will have other negative consequences. In this paper we consider the impact of the closure of municipal libraries in NSW from two perspectives: (a) its effect on the fiscal circumstances of local authorities and (b) its impact on the spread of the corona contagion as well as its broader effects on local community wellbeing. We conclude that rather than complete closure, partial constraints on library use should have been considered.


Resumo Em resposta à pandemia da COVID-19, o governo de Nova Gales do Sul (NGS), na Austrália, ordenou o fechamento de todas as bibliotecas municipais com o objetivo de limitar os impactos da contaminação. Como resultado, 372 bibliotecas públicas pararam suas atividades no dia 23 de março de 2020. Embora o fechamento de bibliotecas públicas certamente contribui para restringir a propagação do vírus, deve-se considerar as consequências negativas dessa medida, dado o papel central desempenhado pelas bibliotecas municipais nas comunidades locais e as características particulares dos usuários. Este artigo discute os impactos do encerramento das atividades das bibliotecas em NGS através de duas perspectivas: (a) a partir do efeito da medida na situação fiscal dos municípios; e (b) o seu impacto em relação a propagação do vírus e seus efeitos mais amplos no bem-estar das comunidades locais. O estudo conclui que restrições parciais no acesso aos serviços deveriam ter sido consideradas como alternativa ao fechamento total das bibliotecas.


Resumen En respuesta a la pandemia de COVID-19, el gobierno de Nueva Gales del Sur (NSW), Australia, ordenó el cierre de todas las bibliotecas municipales para limitar el impacto de la contaminación. Como resultado, 372 bibliotecas públicas de NSW cesaron sus operaciones el 23 de marzo del 2020. Aunque el cierre de las bibliotecas públicas indudablemente contribuirá a restringir la proliferación del coronavirus, se deben considerar las consecuencias negativas de dicha medida, dado el rol esencial de las bibliotecas municipales en las comunidades locales y las características particulares de sus usuarios. Este artículo discute los impactos del cese de actividades de las bibliotecas municipales de NSW desde dos perspectivas: (a) su efecto en la situación fiscal de los municipios y (b) su impacto en la proliferación del coronavirus, así como sus efectos más amplios en el bienestar de las comunidades locales. El estudio concluye que, en lugar de un cese total, se deberían haber considerado restricciones parciales al acceso las bibliotecas.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adaptação Psicológica , Administração Municipal , Distanciamento Físico , COVID-19 , Bibliotecas
11.
Br Dent J ; 230(3): 127-130, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33574532

Assuntos
Bibliotecas
12.
Bioinformatics ; 36(21): 5139-5144, 2021 01 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33040146

RESUMO

MOTIVATION: Pangenomics is a growing field within computational genomics. Many pangenomic analyses use bidirected sequence graphs as their core data model. However, implementing and correctly using this data model can be difficult, and the scale of pangenomic datasets can be challenging to work at. These challenges have impeded progress in this field. RESULTS: Here, we present a stack of two C++ libraries, libbdsg and libhandlegraph, which use a simple, field-proven interface, designed to expose elementary features of these graphs while preventing common graph manipulation mistakes. The libraries also provide a Python binding. Using a diverse collection of pangenome graphs, we demonstrate that these tools allow for efficient construction and manipulation of large genome graphs with dense variation. For instance, the speed and memory usage are up to an order of magnitude better than the prior graph implementation in the VG toolkit, which has now transitioned to using libbdsg's implementations. AVAILABILITY AND IMPLEMENTATION: libhandlegraph and libbdsg are available under an MIT License from https://github.com/vgteam/libhandlegraph and https://github.com/vgteam/libbdsg.


Assuntos
Bibliotecas , Software , Genoma , Genômica
13.
Bioinformatics ; 37(12): 1776-1777, 2021 07 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33045081

RESUMO

SUMMARY: The C++ library Highly Optimized Polytope Sampling (HOPS) provides implementations of efficient and scalable algorithms for sampling convex-constrained models that are equipped with arbitrary target functions. For uniform sampling, substantial performance gains were achieved compared to the state-of-the-art. The ease of integration and utility of non-uniform sampling is showcased in a Bayesian inference setting, demonstrating how HOPS interoperates with third-party software. AVAILABILITY AND IMPLEMENTATION: Source code is available at https://github.com/modsim/hops/, tested on Linux and MS Windows, includes unit tests, detailed documentation, example applications and a Dockerfile. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Supplementary data are available at Bioinformatics online.


Assuntos
Bibliotecas , Software , Algoritmos , Teorema de Bayes , Biblioteca Gênica
14.
Health Promot J Austr ; 32 Suppl 1: 29-32, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33140444

RESUMO

Now more than ever, in this COVID-19 pandemic, our individual and collective ability to access, understand and apply information to inform our health care and broader lifestyle decisions ie, to be health literate - has life or death consequences. This paper reflects upon the proposition of public libraries as health literate multi-purpose workspaces for improving health literacy. We draw upon our combined experiences as evaluators of organizational health literacy initiatives, and library sector development, engagement and advocacy. Key ideas were presented as part of the 2020 State Library Victoria seminar series on 'Libraries: The Heart of a Healthy Community'. Key messages included: Public libraries are well positioned to contribute to the health literacy movement, as they provide the general public with: universal free access to information and services; extensive in-house and outreach educational collaborative learning opportunities; and health and wellbeing support by being welcoming, safe, and trusted community spaces. To date, limited discussion exists about conceptualizing public libraries as health literate multi-purpose workspaces for supporting and sustaining public library health literacy efforts. A health literate organizational framework is suggested to support libraries simply supporting health information literacy to being recognised as health literate organizations. Five workspace principles (empowerment, equitable, inclusive, collaborative and integrated) are suggested to provide directions for public libraries as health literate multi-purpose workspaces for improving the health literacy of individuals, communities, organizations and indeed systems. To inform the design, implementation and evaluation of public libraries as workspaces for improving health literacy, key principles-focused evaluation questions are suggested for consideration. SO WHAT?: Public Libraries as welcoming, safe, and trusted community organizations are well placed to be health literate multipurpose workspaces for improving health literacy.


Assuntos
COVID-19/epidemiologia , Letramento em Saúde , Bibliotecas , Humanos , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2 , Vitória/epidemiologia
15.
Bioinformatics ; 37(10): 1473-1474, 2021 06 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32960970

RESUMO

SUMMARY: Combinations of multiple pharmacological agents can achieve a substantial benefit over treatment with single agents alone. Combinations that achieve 'more than the sum of their parts' are called synergistic. There have been many proposed frameworks to understand and quantify drug combination synergy with different assumptions and domains of applicability. We introduce here synergy, a Python library that (i) implements a broad array of popular synergy models, (ii) provides tools for evaluating confidence intervals and conducting power analysis and (iii) provides standardized tools to analyze and visualize drug combinations and their synergies and antagonisms. AVAILABILITY AND IMPLEMENTATION: synergy is available on all operating systems for Python >=3.5. It is freely available from https://pypi.org/project/synergy, and its source code is available at https://github.com/djwooten/synergy. This software is released under the GNU General Public License, version 3.0 or later. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Supplementary data are available at Bioinformatics online.


Assuntos
Biologia Computacional , Bibliotecas , Combinação de Medicamentos , Software
16.
Int J Environ Health Res ; 31(5): 475-490, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31547676

RESUMO

The present study aims to assess the air quality status in the central library of Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, India. Pollutants concentrations (i.e. PM10, PM2.5, PM1 and TVOC) and comfort parameters i.e. CO2, temperature and relative humidity were monitored across all floors of the library. Air quality was found to vary significantly (P < 0.05) among the different floors of the library. The average concentration of PM10, PM2.5 and PM1 was found to be highest at the first floor. On the other hand, the highest concentration of TVOC (51.7 ± 30 ppb) and CO2 (838.4 ± 99 ppm) was observed at the ground floor. Pollutant concentration was higher in the morning hours. The indoor pollutants were found positively correlated with each other except relative humidity. Indoor to outdoor ratio for PM1, TVOC and CO2 was found to be greater than 1, which indicate a substantial contribution from indoor sources. Exceedance of WHO guidelines was observed for the daily average PM2.5 concentration.Abbreviation: IAQ: indoor air quality; ASHRAE: American Society of Heating, Refrigerating, and Air-Conditioning Engineers; WHO: World Health Organization; PM: particulate matter; VOC: volatile organic carbon; CO2: carbon dioxide; TVOC: Total volatile organic compound; RH: relative humidity; HVAC: heating ventilation and air-conditioning; PID: Photo Ionization Detector; PTFE: Polytetrafluoroethylene; NDIR: Non-dispersive infra-red.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Poluição do Ar em Ambientes Fechados/estatística & dados numéricos , Bibliotecas , Material Particulado/análise , Compostos Orgânicos Voláteis/análise , Poluição do Ar em Ambientes Fechados/análise , Monitoramento Ambiental , Humanos , Índia , Análise Espaço-Temporal , Universidades
17.
Bioinformatics ; 37(5): 720-722, 2021 05 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32840559

RESUMO

MOTIVATION: Recent years have seen a growing number and an expanding scope of studies using synthetic oligo libraries for a range of applications in synthetic biology. As experiments are growing by numbers and complexity, analysis tools can facilitate quality control and support better assessment and inference. RESULTS: We present a novel analysis tool, called SOLQC, which enables fast and comprehensive analysis of synthetic oligo libraries, based on NGS analysis performed by the user. SOLQC provides statistical information such as the distribution of variant representation, different error rates and their dependence on sequence or library properties. SOLQC produces graphical reports from the analysis, in a flexible format. We demonstrate SOLQC by analyzing literature libraries. We also discuss the potential benefits and relevance of the different components of the analysis. AVAILABILITY AND IMPLEMENTATION: SOLQC is a free software for non-commercial use, available at https://app.gitbook.com/@yoav-orlev/s/solqc/. For commercial use please contact the authors. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Supplementary data are available at Bioinformatics online.


Assuntos
Bibliotecas , Software , Biblioteca Gênica , Controle de Qualidade , Biologia Sintética
18.
Bioinformatics ; 37(8): 1174-1175, 2021 05 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33289523

RESUMO

The purpose of the article is to offer an overview of the latest release of the VEGA suite of programs. This software has been constantly developed and freely released during the last 20 years and has now reached a significant diffusion and technology level as confirmed by the about 22 500 registered users. While being primarily developed for drug design studies, the VEGA package includes cheminformatics and modeling features, which can be fruitfully utilized in various contexts of the computational chemistry. To offer a glimpse of the remarkable potentials of the software, some examples of the implemented features in the cheminformatics field and for structure-based studies are discussed. Finally, the flexible architecture of the VEGA program which can be expanded and customized by plug-in technology or scripting languages will be described focusing attention on the HyperDrive library including highly optimized functions. AVAILABILITY AND IMPLEMENTATION: The VEGA suite of programs and the source code of the VEGA command-line version are available free of charge for non-profit organizations at http://www.vegazz.net.


Assuntos
Quimioinformática , Bibliotecas , Desenho de Fármacos , Software
20.
PLoS One ; 15(12): e0242509, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33270680

RESUMO

Library Genesis is one of the oldest and largest illegal scholarly book collections online. Without the authorization of copyright holders, this shadow library hosts and makes more than 2 million scholarly publications, monographs, and textbooks available. This paper analyzes a set of weblogs of one of the Library Genesis mirrors, provided to us by one of the service's administrators. We reconstruct the social and economic factors that drive the global and European demand for illicit scholarly literature. In particular, we test if lower income regions can compensate for the shortcomings in legal access infrastructures by more intensive use of illicit open resources. We found that while richer regions are the most intensive users of shadow libraries, poorer regions face structural limitations that prevent them from fully capitalizing on freely accessible knowledge. We discuss these findings in the wider context of open access publishing, and point out that open access knowledge, if not met with proper knowledge absorption infrastructures, has limited usefulness in addressing knowledge access and production inequalities.


Assuntos
Acesso à Informação , Livros , Pesquisa Empírica , Internacionalidade , Conhecimento , Bibliotecas , Comunicação Acadêmica , Europa (Continente) , Produto Interno Bruto , Modelos Teóricos , Estatística como Assunto
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