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1.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 22: e238082, Jan.-Dec. 2023. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1393422

RESUMO

Aim: To determine if the artificial staining with black tea (BT) influences the enamel microhardness before in-office bleaching and if BT staining is necessary to evaluate the efficacy of bleaching with 35% hydrogen peroxide Methods: Enamel/dentin blocks were randomized into groups according to the staining protocol (n=5/group): (CO) control ­ maintained in artificial saliva solution (AS); (BT4) immersed in black tea solution for 4 h; (BT24) immersed in black tea solution for 24 h. After the staining protocols, all specimens were kept in AS for one week, followed by bleaching (three sessions of HP application for 40 min). Knoop surface microhardness (kgF/mm2) was determined at baseline (T0), after staining (T1), after 7 days of storage in AS (T2), and after bleaching (T3). The color (∆E00) and coordinate changes (∆L, ∆a, ∆b) were measured using a digital spectrophotometer at T0 and T3. Data were submitted to one-way (∆E00, ∆L, ∆a, ∆b) or two-way ANOVA repeated measures (kgF/mm2) and Tukey's test (a=5%). Results: The staining protocols (BT4 and BT24) promoted significantly lower microhardness (T1 and T2, p<0.05) than CO, whereas CO was the only group to maintain microhardness values over time. Bleaching promoted perceptible ∆E00 without a significant difference among the groups regardless of the staining protocol (p=0.122). CO and BT4 showed no differences in terms of ∆L and ∆a (p>0.05), but BT4 displayed a higher ∆b than CO. Conclusion:The artificial staining with BT negatively affected the enamel surface microhardness and was not essential to evaluate the efficacy of 35% hydrogen peroxide bleaching


Assuntos
Coloração e Rotulagem , Chá/efeitos adversos , Clareamento Dental , Cor , Esmalte Dentário , Clareadores , Testes de Dureza , Peróxido de Hidrogênio
2.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 21: e225232, jan.-dez. 2022. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1354773

RESUMO

Aim: The objective of this study was to describe a case series concerning internal bleaching of anterior traumatized teeth that underwent regenerative endodontic procedures (REP). Methods: Seven non-vital maxillary anterior teeth discolored after regenerative endodontic procedures were included and divided into two groups according to the medication protocol used in the REP: (1) Triple antibiotic paste (TAP) group (n=4); (2) Calcium hydroxide and 2% chlorhexidine gel (HC+CHX) (n=3). The bleaching technique used was walking bleach, where sodium perborate associated with distilled water was used. Bleaching agent was replaced weekly until the darkened tooth was slightly lighter than the adjacent tooth. The color was recorded with the aid of a digital spectrophotometer in two moments (T1: prior the first session of bleaching, T2: fourteen days after the last session of bleaching). The change in color after the procedure (ΔE) was calculated and reported in a descriptive analysis. Results: The ΔE for all teeth showed color differences exceeding the perceptibility threshold (ΔE > 3.7). Both groups showed similar ΔE (TAP: 18.3 ± 11.5; HC+CHX: 14 ± 11.2) at the end of the treatment. The average number of sessions needed to achieve satisfactory results was 1.7 ± 0.6 for HC+CHX group and 2.3 ± 0.5 for TAP group. Conclusion: Internal bleaching with sodium perborate associated with distilled water is effective in treating discolored teeth after regenerative endodontic procedures


Assuntos
Clareamento Dental , Descoloração de Dente , Endodontia Regenerativa
3.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 21: e227878, jan.-dez. 2022. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1384155

RESUMO

Aim Assessing the intracoronal bleaching effectiveness of an experimental chlorine dioxide product, based on the walking bleach technique. Methods Extracted bovine incisors were artificially stained with bovine blood and filled with zinc phosphate cement at cementoenamel junction level. Teeth were divided into 3 groups (n=10): (SP) sodium perborate added with distilled water, (CD) chlorine dioxide and (C) control - dry cotton inserted into the pulp chamber. Bleaching agents were used at 0, 7 and 14 days. VITA Easyshadetm (∆Eab) was used to analyze tooth color at the 7th, 14th and 21st days, based on the CIE2000 system. Data were analyzed through ANOVA and Tukey's test. Results There were no statistically significant differences in Δb, ΔE, ΔE00 and ΔWID between CD and the control group. These parameters have shown significant differences between CD and SP, which differed from the control. However, they did not show significant differences either in the control group or in CD at the 7th, 14th and 21st days. Values recorded for SP at the 7th day differed from those recorded at the 14th and 21st days. Δa has shown differences within the same group at the 7th, 14th and 21st days. There was no difference between groups, when they were compared at the same day (7th and 14th). The control group differed from SP at the 21st day. CD did not differ from the other two groups. ΔL did not show differences between groups and times. Conclusion Stabilized chlorine dioxide (0.07%, at pH 3.5) should not be used as intracoronal bleaching agent along with the walking bleach technique.


Assuntos
Clareamento Dental , Boratos , Compostos Clorados , Materiais Dentários , Dióxido de Cloro
4.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 21: e226630, jan.-dez. 2022. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1393209

RESUMO

Aim: The present study aimed to asses enamel microhardness after office bleaching with diode laser and LED light compared to the conventional bleaching procedure. Methods: Thirty-nine human premolar teeth were collected and randomly divided into three groups regarding of the bleaching technique. Group 1: Snow O bleaching gel with LED light-curing unit; Group 2: Snow L bleaching gel with diode laser irradiation; and Group 3: Opalescence Boost bleaching gel with no light source in group 3. Enamel surface changes were evaluated in one tooth in each study group and one intact tooth as a reference under a scanning electron microscope (SEM). In the remaining samples (n=12), enamel microhardness was determined by Vickers microhardness test before and after bleaching. Data were analyzed with repeated-measures ANOVA to compare microhardness changes, followed by post hoc Tukey tests at the 0.05 significance level. Results: Enamel microhardness decreased in all the groups after bleaching, with the maximum decrease in microhardness in the Snow O bleaching group with LED light, which was significantly higher than the other groups (P=0.002). The two other groups did not exhibit any significant difference in microhardness decrease (P>0.05). Conclusion:Based on the limitations of this study, it can be concluded power bleaching with 980nm diode laser was less time-consuming compare to conventional bleaching procedure and yielded better outcomes in terms of enamel surface microhardness compared to the use of an LED light-curing unit


Assuntos
Clareamento Dental/efeitos adversos , Esmalte Dentário , Lasers Semicondutores , Luzes de Cura Dentária , Dureza
5.
Sensors (Basel) ; 22(17)2022 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36081093

RESUMO

Titanium(IV) solutions are known to detect hydrogen peroxide in solutions by a colorimetric method. Xplosafe's XploSens PS commercial titanium(IV)-based peroxide detection test strips are used to detect hydrogen peroxide in liquids. The use of these test strips as gas-phase detectors for peroxides was tested using low-cost hardware. The exposure of these strips to hydrogen peroxide liquid or gas leads to the development of an intense yellow color. For liquids, a digital single-lens reflex camera was used to quantify the color change using standardized solutions containing between 50 and 500 ppm peroxide by mass. Analysis of the images with color separation can provide a more quantitative determination than visual comparison to a color chart. For hydrogen peroxide gas, an inexpensive web camera and a tungsten lamp were used to measure the reflected light intensity as a function of exposure from a test strip held in a custom cell. First-order behavior in the color change with time was observed during the exposure to peroxide vapor over a range of peroxide concentrations from 2 and 30 ppm by volume. For a 1-min measurement, the gas-phase detection limit is estimated to be 1 ppm. A 0.01 ppm detection limit can be obtained with a 1-h exposure time. Titanium(IV)-based peroxide detection test strips are sensitive enough to work as a gas-phase hydrogen peroxide detector.


Assuntos
Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Clareamento Dental , Gases , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/análise , Oxidantes , Peróxidos , Titânio , Clareamento Dental/métodos
6.
Biomed Res Int ; 2022: 2805343, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36065254

RESUMO

Objective: This study is aimed at determining two main points. First, if the Canary System™ (CS), initially used to assess caries, can measure a decalcification depth of bleached enamel quantitatively, and second, whether or not whitening has a harmful effect on enamel. This device can be considered a useful tool in the clinical assessment of the progression of demineralization after bleaching. Materials and Methods: This study collected sixty human premolars that are in a good state recently extracted for orthodontic reason. To properly disinfect and preserve the premolars, they were stored in a saline solution and later in distilled water for a period of two weeks to allow the premolars to rehydrate. Later, 24 hours before the experiment, the premolars were introduced into a solution of artificial saliva to acquire back their minerals. The mineral content of the teeth was measured by the Canary System™ before bleaching. The teeth were bleached with 30% hydrogen peroxide (fläsh HP 30%), 30 min per week and for 3 consecutive weeks to simulate the conditions of strong bleaching in the clinic. The extent of demineralized enamel was measured by the Canary System™ at three points on the enamel surface of each tooth. The data were averaged for each application of the bleaching product. The demineralization extent of the teeth was measured by the Canary System™ before and after bleaching. The significance level was set at 0.05, and SPSS version 26 was used. The data were analyzed by using Wilcoxon's and Student's tests. Results: Mineral loss occurred after the first bleaching session; the Canary System™ detected a decalcification in the first bleaching session (532 ± 322 µm) compared to the other sessions (p ≤ 0.05), while no significant change was detected between the second and the third sessions (p > 0.05). Conclusion: Based on the findings of the present study, under in vitro conditions, it was possible to measure the demineralization extent of bleached enamel with the Canary System™.


Assuntos
Clareamento Dental , Esmalte Dentário , Humanos , Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Ácido Hipocloroso , Minerais , Saliva Artificial , Compostos de Sódio , Clareamento Dental/efeitos adversos
7.
Rev. Cient. CRO-RJ (Online) ; 7(1): 24-30, Jan-Apr 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1382138

RESUMO

Objective: The aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness of two bleaching treatment protocols to treat dental staining after orthodontic debonding. Materials and Methods: Twenty four bovine teeth were submitted to orthodontic bracket (Morelli, Edgewise Prescription, Slot 22) bonding (Transbond XT, 3M) and debonding, which were divided into three groups according to the bleaching protocol: hydrogen peroxide 10% (Whiteness, FGM) simulating home bleaching protocol (Home Bleaching Group), hydrogen peroxide 35% Whiteness, FGM) simulating dental office bleaching protocol (Office Bleaching Group) and Control Group, which was not exposed to any dental bleaching protocol, and stored in distilled water at 37°C. The specimens were submitted to the following processes: aging of resin remaining tegs by ultraviolet (UV), staining with coffee solution and tooth bleaching with 10% hydrogen peroxide (G1) and 35% hydrogen peroxide (G2). The color stability analysis (CIE color space L* a* b* was performed with Vita Easyshade Compact spectrophotometer before bonding (T0), after aging and staining processes (T1) and after bleaching treatment (T2). All teeth were stored in distilled water at 37°C between experimental times. The comparison between the groups and time effect evaluation were performed using ANOVA / Tukey ( =0.05) and ANOVA-MR with Bonferroni correction ( =0.016), respectively. Results: The color stability parameters L *, a * and b * indicated, with the exception of GC, a tendency of increase in T1 (G1 - L *: 76.72 ± 13.39; a *: 6.68 ± 3.71; b *: 43.14 ± 4.04 / G2: - L *: 75.78 ± 4.66; a *: 8.13 ± 2.75; b *: 43.42 ± 8.87), which reflected the tendency to decrease brightness in T1, followed by a tendency to return to T0 values (G1 - L *: 82.92 ± 12.16; a *: 4.25 ± 3.68; b *: 39.40 ± 9.49 / G2: - L *: 83.76 ± 8.02; a *: 8.76 ± 4.08; b *: 47.90 ± 5.88). Significant differences were observed in G2 in a * (T1: 8.13 ± 2.75, T2: 8.76 ± 4.08) and b * (T1: 43.42 ± 8.87; T2: 47.90 ± 5.88), indicating that this group did not return to the values presented in T0 (a *: 1.81 ± 1.70; b *: 35.40 ± 5.08) (p <0.05). Conclusion: Based on the results of this study, it can be concluded that home bleaching protocol presented better performance for dental surface whitening in an eventual staining after orthodontic debonding.


Objetivo: O objetivo deste estudo foi comparar a eficácia de dois protocolos de tratamento clareador para manchas dentárias causadas após a descolagem ortodôntica. Materiais e Métodos: Vinte e quatro dentes bovinos foram submetidos à colagem e descolagem de braquetes ortodônticos (Morelli, Prescrição Edgewise, Slot 22") (Transbond XT, 3M), que foram divididos em três grupos de acordo com o protocolo de clareamento: peróxido de hidrogênio 10% (Whiteness, FGM) simulando protocolo de clareamento caseiro (grupo clareamento caseiro), peróxido de hidrogênio 35% Whiteness, FGM) simulando protocolo de clareamento de consultório (grupo clareamento de consultório) e Grupo Controle, que não foi exposto a nenhum protocolo de clareamento dental, armazenado em água destilada a 37ºC. Os corpos de prova foram submetidos aos seguintes processos: envelhecimento das resinas remanescentes por ultravioleta (UV), manchamento em solução de café e clareamento dental com peróxido de hidrogênio 10% (G1) e peróxido de hidrogênio 35% (G2). A análise de estabilidade de cor (sistema CIE L* a* b*) foi realizada com espectrofotômetro Vita Easyshade Compact antes da colagem (T0), após os processos de envelhecimento e manchamento (T1) e após o tratamento clareador (T2). Todos os dentes foram armazenados em água destilada a 37 °C entre os tempos experimentais. A comparação entre os grupos e a avaliação do efeito do tempo foram realizadas utilizando ANOVA/Tukey ( =0,05) e ANOVA-MR com correção de Bonferroni ( =0,016), respectivamente. Resultados: Os parâmetros de estabilidade de cor L *, a* e b* indicaram, com exceção do GC, tendência de aumento em T1 (G1 - L*: 76,72 ± 13,39; a*: 6,68 ± 3,71; b*: 43,14 ± 4,04 / G2: - L* : 75,78 ± 4,66; a*: 8,13 ± 2,75; b*: 43,42 ± 8,87), o que refletiu a tendência de diminuição do brilho em T1, seguido de uma tendência de retorno aos valores de T0 (G1- L*: 82,92 ± 12,16 ; a*: 4,25 ± 3,68; b*: 39,40 ± 9,49 / G2: - L*: 83,76 ± 8,02; a*: 8,76 ± 4,08; b*: 47,90 ± 5,88). Foram observadas diferenças significativas no G2 em a* (T1: 8,13 ± 2,75, T2: 8,76 ± 4,08) e b* (T1: 43,42 ± 8,87; T2: 47,90 ± 5,88), indicando que esse grupo não retornou aos valores apresentados em T0 (a*: 1,81 ± 1,70; b*: 35,40 ± 5,08) (p<0,05). Conclusão: Com base nos resultados deste estudo, pode-se concluir que o protocolo de clareamento caseiro apresentou melhor desempenho para o clareamento da superfície dentária em um eventual manchamento após a descolagem ortodôntica.


Assuntos
Estética Dentária , Clareamento Dental , Descolagem Dentária , Odontologia , Clareadores Dentários
8.
BMC Oral Health ; 22(1): 331, 2022 08 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35941677

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the postbrushing tooth-whitening effect of toothpaste containing hydroxyapatite nanoparticles (nano-HAPs). The impact of the concentration on the whitening performance of nano-HAP toothpaste was also investigated. METHODS: Two concentrations of nano-HAP (10 wt% and 1 wt%) were incorporated in nonabrasive toothpastes. Forty bovine incisors were randomly assigned into four groups: 10 wt% nano-HAP, 1 wt% nano-HAP, toothpaste without nano-HAP as a negative control and water as a blank control. Each tooth was treated with the toothpaste three times and hydrodynamic shear force (HSF) once. The teeth surfaces were observed by SEM after each application. Tooth color (L*, a* and b* values) was measured by a spectrophotometer, and color changes (△E, △L, △a and △b values) were calculated. Two-way mixed ANOVA was performed to evaluate the influence of the concentration and repeated application on the tooth-whitening effect of nano-HAP. RESULTS: We found that nano-HAP-treated enamel exhibited higher L* values and lower a* and b* values than the control groups (P < 0.05). The 10 wt% nano-HAP group showed significantly higher △E values than the 1 wt% nano-HAP group (P < 0.05). After three applications, the △E mean value of the 10 wt% nano-HAP group was 4.47. The △E and △L values were slightly reduced after HSF (P < 0.05). For both nano-HAP groups, HAP single crystallites and agglomerates were identified, and their sizes grew with nano-HAP reapplication. CONCLUSIONS: In conclusion, nano-HAP toothpaste has a satisfying postbrushing whitening effect and good resistance to mechanical forces. The whitening effect seemed to be concentration-dependent.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas , Clareamento Dental , Dente , Animais , Bovinos , Durapatita/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Incisivo , Nanopartículas/uso terapêutico , Clareamento Dental/efeitos adversos , Cremes Dentais/uso terapêutico
9.
Wiad Lek ; 75(6): 1683-1687, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35962681

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim: To study changes in the chemical composition of the tooth enamel surface when using hydrogen peroxide as a chemical component of the whitening system in combination with professional oral hygiene. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and methods: To achieve this goal, during the study, we studied the enamel of the teeth of the frontal area, which was removed for orthodontic and orthopedic indications. The age of the patients whose teeth were examined ranged from 18 to 44 years. In the experiment, we studied the chemical structure of enamel by a method thatcovered the selection of the study area, with the designation of areas for microanalysis, and subsequent elemental analysis in selected areas of the enamel. RESULTS: Results and conclusions: Analyzing the results of this study, we can make assumptions about the impact of professional dental hygiene on the procedure of photo-whitening teeth based on 35% hydrogen peroxide gel and its subsequent impact on theother clinical indicators, which will depend on the characteristics of functional and structural resistance of the enamel.


Assuntos
Clareamento Dental , Dente , Adolescente , Adulto , Esmalte Dentário , Humanos , Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Clareamento Dental/métodos , Adulto Jovem
10.
Am J Dent ; 35(2): 191-196, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35986934

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the influence of diet and exposure to red wine on the treatment velocity, clinical results, postoperative tooth sensitivity, and patient satisfaction after tooth bleaching. METHODS: 45 subjects undergoing home bleaching with 16% carbamide peroxide (CP) were randomly separated into three groups, depending on the restriction of colored food and the use of a red wine mouthwash. Shades of teeth 11 and 21 were assessed using a digital spectrophotometer (VITA Easy Shade) at T0 (before treatment), T7 (7 days after treatment), T15 (15 days after treatment), and T30 (30 days after treatment). The assessments were verified using the CIELab system (values of L*, a*, and b*) and the change in shade was calculated (ΔE, ΔL, Δa, and Δb). RESULTS: No statistically significant differences in ΔE, ΔL, Δa, and Δb were found between the groups. However, at T7, the group restricted from colored foods without red wine mouthwash had meaningful variations in L*, a*, and b*. Statistically, there was no difference in tooth sensitivity between the groups in the 7- and 15-day periods. Patients in the restricted colored foods without red wine mouthwash group were more satisfied after the end of treatment. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Tooth bleaching with 16% carbamide peroxide may be performed in subjects with colorant-rich diets without influencing the clinical outcome.


Assuntos
Sensibilidade da Dentina , Clareadores Dentários , Clareamento Dental , Vinho , Peróxido de Carbamida , Cor , Sensibilidade da Dentina/tratamento farmacológico , Sensibilidade da Dentina/prevenção & controle , Dieta , Humanos , Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Antissépticos Bucais , Peróxidos/uso terapêutico , Clareamento Dental/métodos , Clareadores Dentários/uso terapêutico , Ureia/uso terapêutico
11.
Gen Dent ; 70(5): 35-39, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35993931

RESUMO

The aim of this in vitro study was to compare the efficacy and durability of bleaching with diode lasers over a 9-month period. This study evaluated 27 extracted teeth categorized into 3 bleaching groups (n = 9): 940-nm diode laser, 980-nm diode laser, and 40% hydrogen peroxide whitening gel (control). After the baseline color of the teeth was measured using a spectrophotometer, the teeth underwent dental prophylaxis and their color was measured again. Bleaching treatment was then performed. The color of the teeth was measured immediately after bleaching and 1 day (24 hours), 1 week, 1 month, 3 months, 6 months, and 9 months after bleaching. The Commission Internationale de l'Eclairage (CIE) L*a*b* color change (ΔE*) at each timepoint was calculated and compared using repeated-measures analysis of variance. All bleaching techniques effectively whitened the teeth to a clinically perceptible level (ΔE* > 3.3), and there were no statistically significant differences among the groups (P > 0.05). The mean ΔE* values of the laser groups were not significantly different from the mean value of the control group during the 9-month evaluation period (P > 0.05). However, statistically significant differences among the groups were noted when color measurements at the following timepoints were compared: immediately after bleaching vs 1 day; 1 day vs 1 week; and 3 months vs 6 months (P < 0.05). Use of a 940-nm diode laser, 980-nm diode laser, or conventional hydrogen peroxide gel provided equally effective bleaching. The color change remained clinically perceptible throughout the 9-month period.


Assuntos
Clareadores Dentários , Clareamento Dental , Cor , Humanos , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/uso terapêutico , Lasers Semicondutores/uso terapêutico , Espectrofotometria , Clareamento Dental/métodos , Clareadores Dentários/uso terapêutico
12.
Oper Dent ; 47(4): 425-436, 2022 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35917237

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the esthetic efficacy, cytotoxicity, and kinetics of decomposition of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) present in a commercial bleaching gel with 35% H2O2 (BG35%) chemically activated with manganese oxide (MnO2). METHODS AND MATERIALS: After incorporating 2 mg/mL, 6 mg/mL, and 10 mg/mL of MnO2 into BG35%, the stability of pH and temperature of the products were analyzed. To assess the esthetic efficacy (ΔE and ΔWI), the BG35%s with MnO2 were applied for 45 minutes on enamel/dentin discs (DiE/D). BG35% or no treatment were used as positive (PC) and negative (NC) controls, respectively. To analyze the cell viability (CV) and oxidative stress (OXS), the same bleaching protocols were performed on DiE/D adapted to artificial pulp chambers. The extracts (culture medium + gel components that diffused through the discs) were applied to pulp cells and submitted to H2O2 quantification. BG35% with MnO2 that showed the best results was evaluated relative to kinetic decomposition of H2O2, with consequent generation of free radicals (FR) and hydroxyl radicals (OH•). The data were submitted to the one-way analysis of variance complemented by Tukey post-test (α=0.05). Data on kinetics of H2O2 decomposition were submitted to the Student's-t test (α=0.05). RESULTS: All the BG35%s with MnO2 showed stability of pH and temperature, and the gel with 10 mg/mL of this activator had an esthetic efficacy 31% higher than that of the PC (p<0.05). Reduction in OXS and trans-amelodentinal diffusion of H2O2 occurred when all the BG35%s with MnO2 were used. The addition of 6 and 10 mg/mL of MnO2 to BG35% increased the CV in comparison with PC, confirmed by the cell morphology analysis. An increase in FR and OH• formation was observed when 10 mg/mL of MnO2 was added to BG35%. CONCLUSION: Catalysis of BG35% with MnO2 minimized the trans-amelodentinal diffusion of H2O2 and toxicity of the product to pulp cells. BG35% containing 10 mg/mL of MnO2 potentiated the decomposition of H2O2, enhancing the generation of FR and OH•, as well as the efficacy of the in-office tooth therapy.


Assuntos
Clareadores Dentários , Clareamento Dental , Estética Dentária , Humanos , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/química , Compostos de Manganês , Óxidos , Clareamento Dental/métodos
13.
BMC Oral Health ; 22(1): 347, 2022 08 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35962364

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The present study aimed to assess the impact of application of fluoridated- 10% carbamide peroxide (CP) with or without potassium iodide (KI) on silver diamine fluoride (SDF)-treated enamel surface in the primary teeth. METHODS: After stained-remineralized caries lesions (s-RCLs) creation, 96 teeth were randomly allocated to four experimental groups: Group 1:SDF-treated enamel followed by 8-h/day application of 10% CP for 2 weeks; Group 2: SDF-treated enamel followed by 15-min/day application of 10% CP for 3 weeks; Group 3: SDF + KI-treated enamel followed by 8-h/day application of 10% CP for 2 weeks; and Group 4: SDF + KI-treated enamel followed by 15-min/day application of 10% CP for 3 weeks. Enamel microhardness (EMH) test (n = 12) and spectrophotometric color assessment (n = 12) was performed at four stages: baseline (intact enamel), demineralized enamel, aged remineralized-stained enamel, and after final intervention. Sixteen samples were used for SEM evaluation. Data were analyzed with the paired t-test, one-way ANOVA, and Tukey's post-hoc test (p < 0.05). RESULTS: EMH values in all groups showed significant decrease after demineralization (all, p < 0.00001). All samples showed complete recovery of EMH values (%REMH) after SDF application compared to demineralization (%REMHSDF) (p = 0.971). Bleaching caused a slight decrease in %REMH for all groups. However, the differences were not statistically significant (p = 0.979). SEM findings revealed no changes in enamel porosity after bleaching. Bleaching application ameliorated the discoloration in all groups (all, p < 0.00001). All samples in Groups 2 and 4 had significantly lighter color after 21 days as compared to 14-day exposure to the bleaching material (both, p < 0.00001). CONCLUSIONS: SDF application on demineralized primary tooth enamel completely recovered enamel microhardness. 10% carbamide peroxide effectively bleached SDF stain without causing significant decrease in EMH values. Color improvement was more evident with the use of KI immediately after SDF application. Both 15-min and 8-h application of fluoridated CP resulted in statistically similar color enhancement in primary teeth.


Assuntos
Clareadores , Clareamento Dental , Desmineralização do Dente , Peróxido de Carbamida , Esmalte Dentário , Fluoretos Tópicos , Dureza , Humanos , Compostos de Amônio Quaternário , Compostos de Prata , Clareamento Dental/efeitos adversos , Desmineralização do Dente/induzido quimicamente , Desmineralização do Dente/tratamento farmacológico , Dente Decíduo
14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36044700

RESUMO

This study evaluates the effect of two in-office bleaching agents with different compositions on the bond strength to enamel surface. Fifty bovine teeth were divided into five groups (n = 10 teeth per group), according to the bleaching agent used and the time elapsed to perform the restorative procedures: restorative procedures performed without bleaching (control group); bleaching with 35% hydrogen peroxide (HP), with restorative procedures 24 hours or 7 days after bleaching (HP/24h and HP/7d groups, respectively); and bleaching with 35% HP with calcium compost, with restorative procedures 24 hours or 7 days after bleaching (HP AutoMixx/24h and HP AutoMixx/7d groups, respectively). The specimens were stored at 37°C in artificial saliva. Restored teeth were submitted to a micro-shear bond strength test. The specimens were analyzed using a stereoscope to determine the fracture pattern, classified as adhesive, cohesive, or mixed. The results of the bond strength test were evaluated by analysis of variance, with significance set at P < .05. The groups showed similar bond strength values without significant difference among them (P > .05). There was a predominance of the adhesive-type fracture pattern in all groups. The bleaching agents with different compositions showed similar bond strength values when the restoration was performed 24 hours and 7 days after bleaching, and the results were similar to the control group.


Assuntos
Clareadores , Colagem Dentária , Clareadores Dentários , Clareamento Dental , Animais , Clareadores/farmacologia , Bovinos , Resinas Compostas/química , Esmalte Dentário , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Humanos , Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Resistência ao Cisalhamento , Clareamento Dental/métodos
15.
São Paulo; s.n; 20220720. 110 p.
Tese em Português | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1379734

RESUMO

Este estudo tem como objetivo avaliar a influência de um gel clareador de peróxido de carbamida à 16% (Whiteness Perfect, FGM, Joinville, SC, Brasil) associados a biomateriais (Biosilicato® ou biovidro F18®), na alteração de cor e microdureza do esmalte e dentina de dentes bovinos. Um espectrofotômetro odontológico (VITA Easyshade Compact, Vident, Brea, CA, USA) foi utilizado para obter as coordenadas de cor (L*, a*, b*), e diferença de cor foi avaliada através do sistema CIELAB (Eab), CIEDE2000 (E00) e índice de clareamento (WID). Foram selecionados123 dentes bovinos, cor A2 e seccionados usando uma máquina de corte (Isomet 1000, Buehler Ltd, Lake Bluff, IL, EUA). foram seccionados transversalmente 63 desses dentes, com uma porção de esmalte e dentina, para o teste de microdureza (microdureza Knoop), com espessura de 4mm, e divididos, por sorteio, em 3 grupos (n=21); 60 dentes foram preparados para a avaliação da mudança de cor (métodos CIELAB, CIEDE2000 e WID), cortados em fragmentos de 7mm X 7mm X 4mm, e divididos, por sorteio, em 3 grupos (n=20). Todos os fragmentos foram embutidos em tubos de PVC (policloreto de vinila) com auxílio de resina acrílica quimicamente ativada (Jet, Artigos Odontológicos Clássico Ltda, Brasil) resultando em corpos de prova de 15mm de altura e 20mm de diâmetro. Tanto o teste de microdureza quanto as medições de cor foram realizados incialmente. Para o grupo controle, os espécimes receberam tratamento clareador com gel clareador de peróxido de carbamida 16%; para o grupo Biosilicato, os espécimes receberam o tratamento clareador associado ao Biosilicato® a 2%; e para o grupo F18®, os espécimes receberam tratamento clareador associado ao biovidro F18 a 2%. O gel foi aplicado na superfície na quantidade de 0,06 gramas no grupo controle e 0,06 gramas mais 2% de material bioativo para os outros dois grupos, pesados com balança analítica de precisão (Adventurer Pro Analytical Balance 260g, Ohaus Corporation, New Jersey, EUA). O gel foi aplicado diariamente, por 8 horas, durante 14 dias consecutivos, conforme orientação do fabricante. Diariamente, ao final do tempo de aplicação, o gel era removido e os espécimes eram imersos em saliva artificial e armazenados a 37°C. Após o tratamento clareador, foram realizadas novas medidas de microdureza e cor. Os resultados de microdureza Knoop em esmalte e dentina, coordenadas de cor (L*, a*, b*) e o índice de clareamento inicial e final (WID inicial e final) foram submetidos à ANOVA de medidas repetidas de dois fatores, seguida do teste de Tukey para contraste de média (= 0,05). As medidas de diferença de cor de Eab, E00 e variação do índice de clareamento (WID) foram submetidas a ANOVA de medidas repetidas de um fator. Para o grupo controle houve redução estatisticamente significativa nos valores de microdureza do esmalte após o tratamento clareador (p<0,05). Os grupos Biosilicato® e F18® tiveram aumento estatisticamente significativo na microdureza Knoop (p<0,05), quando comparados aos seus valores antes do tratamento. Em relação à dentina, houve, no grupo controle, redução estatisticamente significativa da microdureza após o tratamento clareador (p<0,05), o que também foi observado para os grupos associados ao Biosilicato® e F18®. O grupo de tratamento associado ao Biosilicato® obteve a menor diminuição no valor de microdureza Knoop em dentina, seguido do tratamento associado ao F18®. O grupo controle, por outro lado, teve a maior diminuição da microdureza, sendo estatisticamente diferente dos demais (p<0,05). Em relação aos parâmetros de luminosidade (L*), a* e b*, todos os grupos tiveram aumento estatisticamente significante no valor quando comparados aos valores iniciais (p<0,05). Quanto à diferença de cor, os três grupos apresentaram Eab sem diferença estatisticamente significante entre eles (p>0,05). Em relação ao índice de clareamento, após o tratamento clareador, os três grupos tiveram aumento significativo do WID, que foi estatisticamente diferente dos valores iniciais (p<0,05). Ao comparar o fator grupo, os três tipos de tratamento não apresentaram diferença estatisticamente significante no WID final (p>0,05). Diante disso, o uso de materiais bioativos associados a um agente clareador reduz os efeitos negativos do tratamento, sem diminuir sua eficácia clareadora


Assuntos
Clareamento Dental , Cor
16.
Am J Dent ; 35(3): 115-122, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35798704

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To assess effects of a novel hydrogen peroxide leave-on whitening emulsion on surface hardness, fracture susceptibility, surface erosion, and surface morphology of enamel and dentin. METHODS: Human enamel and root dentin sections embedded in resin were leveled and polished for uniformity. A cycling treatment simulating overuse conditions (60 hours over 10 days), coupled with incubation in pooled human saliva at 37°C and two daily toothpaste treatments were used to evaluate the safety of a 3% hydrogen peroxide whitening emulsion treatment (Crest Whitening Emulsions). Controls included a no treatment group, three erosion controls (water, 0.25% citric acid pH 3.6, 1% citric acid pH 3.6), and a bleaching control (8.25% sodium hypochlorite). Color measurements (b*) were taken on select post-treated specimens to confirm bleaching activity. Effects on enamel and dentin physical properties were determined by surface microhardness, fracture toughness, erosion depth, and surface morphology by light and scanning electron microscopy. RESULTS: The hydrogen peroxide emulsion b* value was significantly different versus water control (P< 0.05), confirming bleaching activity. Microhardness and fracture toughness results for hydrogen peroxide emulsions were not significantly different versus baseline (P> 0.2) and no treatment (P= 1.0), respectively. Erosion loss for the hydrogen peroxide emulsion was not observed on enamel (comparable to water) and significantly less than 0.25% citric acid (P< 0.05) on dentin which was verified by microscopic visualization. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: The hydrogen peroxide emulsion had no significant negative effects on enamel and dentin properties after 60 hours of bleaching over 10 days, confirming safety under simulated overuse conditions.


Assuntos
Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Clareamento Dental , Ácido Cítrico/efeitos adversos , Ácido Cítrico/análise , Esmalte Dentário , Dentina , Dureza , Humanos , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/farmacologia , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/uso terapêutico , Oxidantes/farmacologia , Oxidantes/uso terapêutico , Tecnologia , Clareamento Dental/efeitos adversos , Clareamento Dental/métodos , Água/análise , Água/farmacologia
17.
Am J Dent ; 35(2): 133-136, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35798707

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the whitening efficacy of charcoal powder compared to a whitening toothpaste and the surface loss using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and confocal laser scanning microscope (CLSM). METHODS: 60 human extracted teeth were randomly assigned to two groups: Treatment (T, charcoal group: Premium Nature) and Control (C, whitening toothpaste group: Colgate Optic White). Teeth in the treatment group were brushed with a charcoal paste. Teeth shade was evaluated before and after the intervention. Lightness was assessed using both VITA classical shade guide and VITA Easyshade V. Changes within and between the group were evaluated by the paired-sample t-test and independent sample t-test. Surface roughness (Ra) of samples was performed using SEM, and to assess surface loss a CLSM was used. RESULTS: At baseline, there were no significant differences in teeth lightness, chroma, or hue between both the charcoal and the whitening toothpaste groups (P> 0.05). After 21 days of brushing, teeth brushed with the whitening toothpaste were significantly lighter (VITA Easyshade mean score: 78.34, SD: 8.397; VITA classical A1-D4 shade mean: 8.90, SD: 4.475) than the charcoal group (VITA Easyshade mean: 69.70, SD: 6.364; VITA classical A1-D4 shade mean: 11.77; SD: 3.421) (P< 0.001). In addition, there was a significant reduction in lightness (i.e., increase in darkness) within the charcoal group after the intervention (P< 0.001). There was no significant difference in chroma and hue between the charcoal and the whitening toothpaste groups (P> 0.05). There was no significant tooth loss nor roughness change (P= 0.867) for both groups when compared with natural tooth structure. Brushing teeth with the charcoal paste tested for 21 days had no effect on tooth lightness, chroma, or hue. Charcoal powder had no significant effect on tooth surface roughness. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: The Premium Nature charcoal toothpaste tested had no tooth whitening effect.


Assuntos
Clareamento Dental , Cremes Dentais , Carvão Vegetal/uso terapêutico , Cor , Esmalte Dentário , Humanos , Pós , Cremes Dentais/química , Cremes Dentais/farmacologia , Cremes Dentais/uso terapêutico
18.
Photodiagnosis Photodyn Ther ; 39: 103028, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35872355

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Bleaching protocols using low concentration hydrogen peroxide (HP) photoactivated with LED sources have been widely discussed. Herein, we evaluated the whitening efficacy of 15% HP photoactivated with blue or violet LED compared to 35% HP. METHODS: Thirty bovine crowns were sectioned into 5 × 5 × 2 mm specimens. After staining in black tea, the specimens were randomized into three groups (n = 10): 35% HP, 15% HP + blue LED and 15% HP + violet LED. Two bleaching sessions were performed and the color assessment (∆L*, ∆a*, ∆b*, ∆Eab [CIELab], ∆E00 [CIEDE2000] and WID) was performed before, 24h after each session, 7 days and 1 month after the last session. Data were evaluated by two-way repeated measures ANOVA and Bonferroni post-test at a significance level of 5%. RESULTS: All groups showed effective and similar results over 1 month of follow-up (p > 0.05), with only intragroup differences among the time intervals (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The use of 15% HP photoactivated with blue or violet LED showed similar whitening efficacy compared to 35% HP. Thus, the association of low concentration bleaching gels with blue or violet LED sources can provide successful and less-aggressive treatment in terms of color change.


Assuntos
Fotoquimioterapia , Clareadores Dentários , Clareamento Dental , Animais , Bovinos , Cor , Géis , Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Ácido Hipocloroso , Fotoquimioterapia/métodos , Clareamento Dental/métodos
19.
Nat Commun ; 13(1): 4419, 2022 07 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35906221

RESUMO

Tooth whitening has recently become one of the most popular aesthetic dentistry procedures. Beyond classic hydrogen peroxide-based whitening agents, photo-catalysts and piezo-catalysts have been demonstrated for non-destructive on-demand tooth whitening. However, their usage has been challenged due to the relatively limited physical stimuli of light irradiation and ultrasonic mechanical vibration. To address this challenge, we report here a non-destructive and convenient tooth whitening strategy based on the pyro-catalysis effect, realized via ubiquitous oral motion-induced temperature fluctuations. Degradation of organic dyes via pyro-catalysis is performed under cooling/heating cycling to simulate natural temperature fluctuations associated with intake and speech. Teeth stained by habitual beverages and flavorings can be whitened by the pyroelectric particles-embedded hydrogel under a small surrounding temperature fluctuation. Furthermore, the pyro-catalysis-based tooth whitening procedure exhibits a therapeutic biosafety and sustainability. In view of the exemplary demonstration, the most prevalent oral temperature fluctuation will enable the pyro-catalysis-based tooth whitening strategy to have tremendous potential for practical applications.


Assuntos
Clareamento Dental , Dente , Catálise , Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Temperatura , Clareamento Dental/métodos
20.
Photodiagnosis Photodyn Ther ; 39: 102965, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35732243

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The light-emitting diode (Led) in the violet spectrum associated or not with hydrogen peroxide (HP) has been suggested as a promising technique for dental bleaching. Violet led has a wavelength of 405-410 nm, which is very close to that of ultraviolet (UV) radiation, and this has raised biological safety concerns. AIM: To investigate the effectiveness of the violet led dental bleaching technique by evaluating color parameters, enamel surface microhardness, and biological safety analysis. METHODS: One hundred bovine dental blocks were divided into groups according to the bleaching technique (G1 - only HP; G2 - HP associated with blue led; G3 - only blue led; G4 - HP associated with a violet led; and G5 - only violet led). The color analysis (ΔE, ΔL, and WID) and enamel surface microhardness were assessed before and after bleaching (immediately, 5, 14, and 30 days). The biological safety of the violet led irradiation was assessed by measuring the number of micronuclei formed in human cells in culture in response to irradiation. Data analysis included Kruskal-Wallis test, Friedman test, and Mann-Whitney test. RESULTS: In groups G4 and G5 there was the formation of precipitates on the enamel surface. At the time of 14 days, it was observed that the G2 group had lower values of microhardness than G5. ΔL and ΔE showed differences between groups in experimental times. Mean percentages of micronuclei occurrence were similar in the control group and the violet led group. CONCLUSION: The violet led irradiation can be applied for dental bleaching because this approach produces significant color changes preserving tooth enamel integrity and causes no genotoxic effects on vital cells.


Assuntos
Fotoquimioterapia , Clareadores Dentários , Clareamento Dental , Animais , Bovinos , Humanos , Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Fotoquimioterapia/métodos , Clareamento Dental/métodos , Raios Ultravioleta
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