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1.
J Clin Pharmacol ; 62(2): 206-219, 2022 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34435684

RESUMO

Population pharmacokinetic (PK) and exposure-safety analyses of alisertib were performed in children enrolled in 2 clinical trials: NCT02444884 and NCT01154816. NCT02444884 was a dose-finding study in children with relapsed/refractory solid malignancies (phase 1) or neuroblastomas (phase 2). Patients received oral alisertib 45 to 100 mg/m2 as powder-in-capsule once daily or twice daily for 7 days in 21-day cycles. Serial blood samples were collected up to 24 hours after dosing on cycle 1, day 1. NCT01154816 was a phase 2 single-arm study evaluating efficacy in children with relapsed/refractory solid malignancies or acute leukemias. Patients received alisertib 80 mg/m2 as enteric-coated tablets once daily for 7 days in 21-day cycles. Sparse PK samples were collected up to 8 hours after dosing on cycle 1, day 1. Sources of alisertib PK variability were characterized and quantified using nonlinear mixed-effects modeling to support dosing recommendations in children and adolescents. A 2-compartment model with oral absorption described by 3 transit compartments was developed using data from 146 patients. Apparent oral clearance and central distribution volume were correlated with body surface area across the age range of 2 to 21 years, supporting the use of body surface area-based alisertib dosing in the pediatric population. The recommended dose of 80 mg/m2 once daily enteric-coated tablets provided similar alisertib exposures across pediatric age groups and comparable exposure to that in adults receiving 50 mg twice daily (recommended adult dose). Statistically significant relationships (P < .01) were observed between alisertib exposures and incidence of grade ≥2 stomatitis and febrile neutropenia, consistent with antiproliferative mechanism-related toxicities.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacocinética , Azepinas/farmacocinética , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacocinética , Pirimidinas/farmacocinética , Adolescente , Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Azepinas/efeitos adversos , Superfície Corporal , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Esquema de Medicação , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Dose Máxima Tolerável , Modelos Biológicos , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Neoplasias/patologia , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/efeitos adversos , Pirimidinas/efeitos adversos , Adulto Jovem
2.
PLoS One ; 17(5): e0268077, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35511926

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Diameter is currently the only screening and diagnostic criterion for asymptomatic aneurysms. Therefore, aortic and lower-extremity arterial diameter has diagnostic, therapeutic, and prognostic importance. We aimed to determine aortic and lower-extremity arterial reference diameters in a general population and compare them according to age, sex, and other characteristics. METHODS: We evaluated consecutive 3,692 patients who underwent computed tomography as part of a general health checkup from 2015-2019 in a single tertiary center. Aortic and lower-extremity arterial diameters and the most important factor related to arterial diameters were evaluated. RESULTS: The mean diameter of the abdominal aorta was 17.490 ± 2.110 mm, while that of the common iliac artery was 10.851 ± 1.689 mm. The mean diameter of the abdominal aorta was 18.377 ± 1.766 mm in men and 15.884 ± 1.694 mm in women. Significant intersex differences were observed for all mean diameters and lengths. Multilinear regression analysis showed that age, sex, and body surface area impacted mean diameters of all measured sites except aorta and common iliac artery length. Between male and female patients matched for body surface area, there were significant intersex differences for all measured sites, except for common iliac artery length. CONCLUSIONS: The mean diameter of the abdominal aorta in this healthy cohort was 17.490 ± 2.110 mm overall, 18.377 ± 1.766 mm in men, and 15.884 ± 1.694 mm in women. Arterial diameter increased with male sex, older age, and increased body surface area, and aortic diameters were larger in men than in women with the same body surface area.


Assuntos
Aorta Abdominal , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal , Aorta Abdominal/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/diagnóstico , Superfície Corporal , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Artéria Ilíaca/diagnóstico por imagem , Masculino , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
4.
Shock ; 57(6): 211-217, 2022 06 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35616608

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Growth differentiation factor-15 (GDF-15) is expressed in almost all tissues of the body and is necessary for the body's defense response to stress such as inflammation. It has been reported to be associated with incidence and mortality in many diseases, including systemic inflammatory response syndromes. There are no reports on GDF-15 in burns. The purpose of this study was to investigate the trend of GDF-15 in blood in patients with severe burns and to determine its relationship with severity and mortality. METHODS: This was a retrospective, observational, single-center study. The level of GDF-15 in the blood was measured and compared with clinical parameters, including prognosis. Time points for sample collection were the day of injury, 4 days after injury, and 1 week after injury. RESULTS: Eighty-three patients were enrolled in the study. At all time points, GDF-15 levels in the nonsurvivor group were significantly higher than those in the survivor group. In the analysis using the ROC curve for 28-day survival, the AUC of the GDF-15 value on the day of injury was 0.798, which was higher than those of % total body surface area, burn index, and Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) score. GDF-15 levels correlated positively with SOFA score, and the relationship became stronger along with the time course of severe burn. CONCLUSIONS: In the acute phase of severe burn, GDF-15 levels were associated with mortality and SOFA scores.


Assuntos
Queimaduras , Fator 15 de Diferenciação de Crescimento , Superfície Corporal , Queimaduras/complicações , Queimaduras/diagnóstico , Queimaduras/mortalidade , Humanos , Escores de Disfunção Orgânica , Prognóstico , Curva ROC , Estudos Retrospectivos
5.
PLoS One ; 17(4): e0266704, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35446848

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To devise a new body-habitus normalizer to be used in the calculation of an SUV that is specific to the PET tracer 18F-FDG. METHODS: A cohort of 481-patients was selected for analysis of 18F-FDG uptake into tissues unaffected by their disease. Among these, 65-patients had only brain concentrations measured and the remaining 416 were randomly divided into an 86-patient test set and a 330-patient training set. Within the test set, normal liver, spleen and blood measures were made. In the training set, only normal liver concentrations were measured. Using data from the training set, a simple polynomial function of height and weight was selected and optimized in a fitting procedure to predict each patient's mean liver %ID/ml. This function, when used as a normalizer, defines a new SUV metric (SUVfdg) which we compared to SUV metrics normalized by body weight (SUVbw), lean-body mass (SUVlbm) and body surface-area (SUVbsa) in a five-fold cross-validation. SUVfdg was also evaluated in the independent brain-only and whole-body test sets. RESULTS: For patients of all sizes including pediatric patients, the normal range of liver 18F-FDG uptake at 60 minutes post injection in units of SUVfdg is 1.0 ± 0.16. Liver, blood, and spleen SUVfdg in all comparisons had lower coefficients of variation compared to SUVbw SUVlbm and SUVbsa. Blood had a mean SUVfdg of 0.8 ± 0.11 and showed no correlation with age, height, or weight. Brain SUVfdg measures were significantly higher (P<0.01) in pediatric patients (4.7 ± 0.9) compared to adults (3.1 ± 0.6). CONCLUSION: A new SUV metric, SUVfdg, is proposed. It is hoped that SUVfdg will prove to be better at classifying tumor lesions compared to SUV metrics in current use. Other tracers may benefit from similarly tracer-specific body habitus normalizers.


Assuntos
Fluordesoxiglucose F18 , Neoplasias , Adulto , Estatura , Superfície Corporal , Criança , Estudos de Coortes , Humanos , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons , Compostos Radiofarmacêuticos
6.
Kidney360 ; 3(1): 113-121, 2022 01 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35368563

RESUMO

Background: Adolescent obesity, a risk factor for cardiorenal morbidity in adulthood, has reached epidemic proportions. Obesity-related glomerulopathy (ORG) has an early reversible stage of hyperfiltration. Age-appropriate formulae for eGFR, which are standardized to ideal body surface area (BSA) and provide assessment of kidney function in ml/min/1.73 m2, may underestimate prevalence of early ORG. We investigated whether adjusting eGFR to actual BSA more readily identifies early ORG. Methods: We studied a cohort of 22,417 young individuals, aged 12-21 years, from a New York metropolitan multi-institutional electronic health records clinical database. eGFR was calculated in two ways: BSA-standardized eGFR, and absolute eGFR. Hyperfiltration was defined above a threshold of 135 ml/min per 1.73 m2 or 135 ml/min, respectively. The prevalence of hyperfiltration according to each formula was assessed in parallel to creatinine clearance. Results: Serum creatinine values and hyperfiltration prevalence according to BSA-standardized eGFR were similar, 13%-15%, across body mass index (BMI) groups. The prevalence of hyperfiltration determined by absolute eGFR differed across BMI groups: underweight, 2%; normal weight, 6%; overweight, 17%; and obese, 31%. This trend paralleled the rise in creatinine clearance across BMI groups. Conclusions: Absolute eGFR more readily identifies early ORG than the currently used formulae, which are adjusted to a standardized BSA and are not representative of current population BMI measures. Using absolute eGFR in clinical practice and research may improve the ability to identify, intervene, and reverse early ORG, which has great importance with increasing obesity rates.


Assuntos
Obesidade Pediátrica , Adolescente , Adulto , Índice de Massa Corporal , Superfície Corporal , Criança , Creatinina , Feminino , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular , Humanos , Obesidade Pediátrica/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
7.
Cancer Chemother Pharmacol ; 89(5): 573-575, 2022 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35362793

RESUMO

Lurbinectedin is an alkylating agent approved for the second-line treatment of small cell lung cancer. Although initial studies showed no association between body surface area (BSA) and drug clearance, the recommended dose is 3.2 mg/m2 every 3 weeks. This recommendation was based on an exposure-response study, which demonstrated that patients with lower BSA had a higher incidence of thrombocytopenia. Herein we present the factors associated with BSA and thrombopoiesis, which may have contributed to the observed relationship.


Assuntos
Anemia , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Trombocitopenia , Superfície Corporal , Carbolinas/efeitos adversos , Compostos Heterocíclicos de 4 ou mais Anéis , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Trombocitopenia/induzido quimicamente
8.
Am J Nephrol ; 53(4): 282-289, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35378531

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Obesity is more prevalent among African American individuals, increasing the risk for cardiorenal morbidity. We explored interactions between race, BMI, and the risk of hyperfiltration associated with obesity-related glomerulopathy (ORG). METHODS: We created a cohort of female adolescents from electronic health records. Glomerular filtration rate (GFR) was estimated in two ways: (A) using standard age recommended formulae and (B) absolute eGFR - adjusted to individual body surface area (BSA). Multivariate logistic regression was used to analyze the contribution of risk factors for ORG-associated hyperfiltration defined as 135 mL/min/1.73 m2 or 135 mL/min, according to BMI group. Pearson's coefficient was used to assess correlation with creatinine clearance (CrCl). RESULTS: The final cohort included 7,315 African American and 15,102 non-African American adolescent females, with CrCl available for internal validation in 207 non-African American and 107 African American individuals. Compared with non-African American ethnicity, African American ethnicity was independently associated with a lower risk of hyperfiltration with standard eGFR calculations (odds ratio [OR] = 0.57, 95% confidence intervals [CIs] 0.45-0.71), associations were enhanced for absolute eGFR (OR = 0.81, 95% CI 0.69-0.95). Absolute eGFR values agreed better with CrCl (r = 0.63), compared to standard indexed eGFR formulae. Proportions classified as hyperfiltration changed with standard versus absolute eGFR; they were similar across BMI groups with the first and reflected obesity with the later. CONCLUSION: Adjusting to individual BSA improves estimation of GFR and identification of obesity-related hyperfiltration. More accurate and earlier ascertainment of obesity-related hyperfiltration may have important consequences for preservation of kidney function.


Assuntos
Nefropatias , Obesidade , Adolescente , Superfície Corporal , Creatinina , Feminino , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular , Humanos , Nefropatias/complicações , Masculino , Obesidade/complicações , Obesidade/epidemiologia
9.
Burns ; 48(4): 785-790, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35227532

RESUMO

Blood group has been found to be important in the development of many diseases and the outcome of several disease processes, especially cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, such as caused by trauma and sepsis. The main reason is claimed to be related to glycobiology and effects mediated through the endothelium. This study investigated the possible effect of blood group (ABO) on burn care outcome. Burn outcome prediction models are extremely accurate and as such can be used to identify outcome effects even in single centre settings. In this retrospective risk adjusted observational study, we investigated the effect of ABO blood group on ventilatory time, length of hospital stay (LOS), and 90 day mortality among patients with burns. RESULTS: A total of 225 patients were included (2008-2019) with median TBSA of 26%; interquartile range (IQR) of 20-37%; median age 45 years (IQR 22-65 years); median Baux score (age + TBSA%); 76 (IQR 53- 97); 168 (75%) were male; median duration of hospital stay was 31 days (IQR 19-56); a total of 138 (61%) received treatment with mechanical ventilation; and 29 (13%) died. In a multivariable regression model, we were unable to isolate any significant effect of any blood group (O, A, B, AB) on the outcome measures studied (ventilatory time, LOS, and mortality). IN SUMMARY: contrary to many other major areas of disease in which ABO blood groups affect outcome, we were unable to find any such effect on patients with burns. Given the precision of the outcome models presented (AUC 0.93) any such an effect, if missed due to the limited study cohort, may be considered limited and to have only a minor clinical impact.


Assuntos
Queimaduras , Sistema ABO de Grupos Sanguíneos , Superfície Corporal , Queimaduras/terapia , Feminino , Humanos , Tempo de Internação , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Estudos Retrospectivos
10.
Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi ; 38(3): 236-241, 2022 Mar 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35325968

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the scientificity and feasibility of the tenfold rehydration formula for emergency resuscitation of adult patients after extensive burns. Methods: A retrospective observational study was conducted. The total burn area (30%-100% total body surface area (TBSA)) and body weight (45-135 kg) of 170 adult patients (135 males and 35 females, aged (42±14) years) with extensive burns admitted to the Fourth Medical Center of PLA General Hospital from December 2016 to December 2019 were collected. The 6 461 pairs of simulated data obtained after pairing each body weight in 45 to 135 kg (programmed in steps of 1 kg) with each area in 30% to 100% TBSA (programmed in steps of 1%TBSA) were plugged into four recognized rehydration formulas--Parkland's formula, Brooke's formula, the 304th PLA Hospital formula, and the Third Military Medical University formula and two emergency rehydration formulas--the simplified first aid resuscitation plan for extensive burn patients proposed by the World Health Organization's Technical Working Group on Burns (TWGB, hereinafter referred to as the TWGB formula) and the tenfold rehydration formula proposed by the author of this article to calculate the rehydration rate within 8 hours after injury (hereinafter referred to as the rehydration rate), with results being displayed by a programming step of 10%TBSA for the total burn area. Taking the calculation results of four recognized rehydration formulas as the reasonable rehydration rate, the accuracy of rehydration rates calculated by two emergency rehydration formulas were calculated and compared. The body weight of 45-135 kg was divided into three segments by the results of maximum body weight at a reasonable rehydration rate calculated by the tenfold rehydration formula when the total burn area was 30% and 100% TBSA, respectively. The accuracy of rehydration rate calculated by two emergency rehydration formulas in each body weight segment was compared. When the rehydration rates calculated by two emergency rehydration formulas were unreasonable, the differences in rehydration rates between the two were compared. Statistical distribution of the aforementioned three body weight segments in the aforementioned 170 patients was counted. Using the total burn area and body weight data of the aforementioned 170 patients, the accuracy of rehydration rate calculated by two emergency rehydration formulas was calculated and compared as before. Data were statistically analyzed with McNemar test. Results: When the total burn area was 30%, 40%, 50%, 60%, 70%, 80%, 90%, and 100% TBSA, respectively, and the body weight was 45-135 kg, the rehydration rates calculated by two emergency rehydration formulas did not exceed the maximum of the calculated results of four recognized rehydration formulas; the rehydration rate calculated by the TWGB formula did not change accordingly with total burn area, while the rehydration rate calculated by the tenfold rehydration formula did not change accordingly with body weight. Substituting 6 461 pairs of simulated data showed that the accuracy of rehydration rate calculated by the tenfold rehydration formula was 43.09% (2 784/6 461), which was significantly higher than 2.07% (134/6 461) of the TWGB formula, χ2=2 404.80, P<0.01. When the body weights were 45-62 kg and 63-93 kg, the accuracy rates of rehydration rate calculated by the tenfold rehydration formula were 100% (1 278/1 278) and 68.42% (1 506/2 201), respectively, which were significantly higher than 0 (0/1 278) and 0.05% (1/2 201) of the TWGB formula, χ2=1 276.00, 1 501.01, P<0.01; when the body weight was 94-135 kg, the accuracy rate of rehydration rate calculated by the tenfold rehydration formula was 0 (0/2 982), which was significantly lower than 4.46% (133/2 982) of the TWGB formula, χ2=131.01, P<0.01. When the rehydration rates calculated by two emergency rehydration formulas were both unreasonable, the rehydration rate calculated by the tenfold rehydration formula was greater than that calculated by the TWGB formula in most cases, accounting for 79.3% (2 808/3 543). Among the 170 patients, the proportions of those weighing 45-62, 63-93, and 94-135 kg were 25.29% (43/170), 65.88% (112/170), and 8.82% (15/170), respectively. Among the 170 patients, the accuracy rate of rehydration rate calculated by the tenfold rehydration formula was 69.41% (118/170), which was significantly higher than 3.53% (6/170) of the TWGB formula, χ2=99.36, P<0.01. Conclusions: Applying the tenfold rehydration formula to calculate the emergency rehydration rate in adults after extensive burns is simpler than four recognized rehydration formulas, and is superior to the TWGB formula. The tenfold rehydration formula is suitable for the front-line medical staffs that are not specialized in burns in pre-admission rescue of adult patients with extensive burns, which is worth popularizing.


Assuntos
Queimaduras , Hidratação , Adulto , Superfície Corporal , Queimaduras/terapia , Feminino , Hidratação/métodos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ressuscitação/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos
11.
Comput Math Methods Med ; 2022: 7960151, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35186115

RESUMO

During the evaluation of body surface area (BSA), precise measurement of psoriasis is crucial for assessing disease severity and modulating treatment strategies. Physicians usually evaluate patients subjectively through direct visual evaluation. However, judgment based on the naked eye is not reliable. This study is aimed at evaluating the use of machine learning methods, specifically U-net models, and developing an artificial neural network prediction model for automated psoriasis lesion segmentation and BSA measurement. The segmentation of psoriasis lesions using deep learning is adopted to measure the BSA of psoriasis so that the severity can be evaluated automatically in patients. An automated psoriasis lesion segmentation method based on the U-net architecture was used with a focus on high-resolution images and estimation of the BSA. The proposed method trained the model with the same patch size of 512 × 512 and predicted testing images with different patch sizes. We collected 255 high-resolution psoriasis images representing large anatomical sites, such as the trunk and extremities. The average residual of the ground truth image and the predicted image was approximately 0.033. The interclass correlation coefficient between the U-net and dermatologist's segmentations measured in the ratio of affected psoriasis over the body area in the test dataset was 0.966 (95% CI: 0.981-0.937), indicating strong agreement. Herein, the proposed U-net model achieved dermatologist-level performance in estimating the involved BSA for psoriasis.


Assuntos
Superfície Corporal , Aprendizado de Máquina , Redes Neurais de Computação , Psoríase/diagnóstico por imagem , Psoríase/patologia , Adulto , Biologia Computacional , Simulação por Computador , Humanos , Interpretação de Imagem Assistida por Computador/métodos , Interpretação de Imagem Assistida por Computador/estatística & dados numéricos , Modelos Anatômicos , Fotografação/métodos , Fotografação/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto Jovem
13.
Burns ; 48(3): 547-554, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35183389

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Many studies show a "obesity paradox", which seems to protect against death. Whether an obesity paradox space is present in severe burn patients remains a matter of great debate. Most research on the obesity paradox of burn injuries is classified by body mass index (BMI) rather than by age. OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether the obesity paradox exists in severe burn patients stratified by age. METHODS: Retrospective analysis was performed on 490 patients with severe burns who were ≥ 18 years of age and were admitted to Fujian Medical University Union Hospital from January 2005 to December 2020. Demographic and clinical characteristics were collected, including age, BMI, total body surface area (TBSA), presence of inhalation injury, abbreviated burn severity index (ABSI) score, diabetes comorbidities, hypertension comorbidities, and in-hospital mortality. The patients were divided into the younger group (18 ≤ age<65 years) and the older group (age ≥ 65 years). The important variables of the two groups were compared. The predictive value of BMI stratified by age on in-hospital mortality was evaluated by binary logistic regression analysis and the Cochran's and Mantel-Haenszel statistics. RESULTS: A total of 490 patients were selected for this study, and were divided into the younger group (413) and the elderly group (77) according to their ages. In the younger group, logistic regression analyses indicated that high BMI remained significantly and independently associated with decreased in-hospital mortality (P = 0.021). That is, in-hospital mortality decreased by 17.8% when BMI increased by 1 kg/m2. In the older group, BMI was not associated with in-hospital mortality (P = 0.808). In the younger group, the results of Pearson's chi-square test was less than 0.05, indicating a correlation between BMI and prognosis. In the older group, the conclusion was contrary with, no correlation between BMI and prognosis. If the confounding factors of age were not considered, this results in no correlation between BMI and prognosis. In the younger group, the survival/death ratio of patients with overweight and obesity was 2.078 times that of patients with normal weight. CONCLUSION: In this study of patients with severe burns, overweight and obesity had protective effect on burn injury in the younger group (18 ≤ age<65 years), but not in the older group (age ≥ 65 years). Investigating the obesity paradox in burn patients needs to consider age differences. However, multicentre clinical trials are needed to verify the results.


Assuntos
Queimaduras , Idoso , Superfície Corporal , Queimaduras/complicações , Humanos , Obesidade/complicações , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Sobrepeso/complicações , Estudos Retrospectivos
14.
Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi ; 38(2): 156-164, 2022 Feb 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35220704

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the epidemiological characteristics and treatment outcomes of patients with hydrofluoric acid burns in hands. Methods: A retrospective observational study was conducted. The medical records of 229 patients with hydrofluoric acid burns in hands who were admitted to Zhejiang Quhua Hospital from January 2008 to December 2020 and met the inclusion criteria were collected. The following statistical data of patients were collected, including gender, age, type of affiliated enterprise, hydrofluoric acid mass fraction, injury site, total burn area, prehospital time, length of hospital stay, length of wound healing, whether hypocalcemia and hypomagnesemia occurred or not on admission, whether surgery intervention was performed or not, and whether scar sequelae occurred or not. Single factor and multivariate logistic regression analysis were used to screen out the risk factors impacting surgery intervention and scar sequelae of all the patients and patients whose hydrofluoric acid mass fraction was known. Single factor and multivariate linear regression analysis were used to screen out the risk factors impacting the length of wound healing of all the patients and patients whose hydrofluoric acid mass fraction was known. Results: The 229 patients included 206 males and 23 females, with the majority aged 30 to 50 years (139 patients). The type of affiliated enterprise of majority patients was non-fluorine chemical enterprise. The hydrofluoric acid mass fraction was known in only 91 patients, mainly medium. The majority injury site was in the middle and end of finger. The total burn area was below or equal to 1% total body surface area. The prehospital time was 19 (9, 29) h. The length of hospital stay was 2 (1, 7) d. The length of wound healing was 12 (8, 18) d. The proportions of hypocalcemia and hypomagnesemia were 0.9% (2/229) and 1.3% (3/229) on admission, respectively. Thirty-six patients had surgeries and 83 patients had scar sequelae. In 229 patients, single factor logistic regression analysis showed that both type of affiliated enterprise and prehospital time were the factors impacting surgery intervention (with odds ratio values of 7.86 and 51.35, respectively, 95% confidence intervals of 1.83-33.76 and 11.89-221.78, respectively, P<0.01) and scar sequelae of patients (with odds ratio values of 3.62 and 27.40, respectively, 95% confidence intervals of 1.76-7.43 and 13.25-56.68, respectively, P<0.01); multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that prehospital time was the independent risks factor impacting surgery intervention and scar sequelae of patients (with odds ratio values of 43.00 and 24.55, respectively, 95% confidence intervals of 9.89-187.03 and 11.78-51.16, respectively, P<0.01); single factor linear regression analysis showed that both type of affiliated enterprise and prehospital time were the factors impacting the length of wound healing of patients (with ß values of 6.16 and 12.83, respectively, 95% confidence intervals of 3.38-8.93 and 10.72-14.93, respectively, P<0.01); multivariate linear regression analysis showed that both type of affiliated enterprise and prehospital time were the independent risk factors impacting the length of wound healing of patients (with ß values of 2.81 and 12.16, respectively, 95% confidence intervals of 0.50-5.13 and 10.00-14.31, respectively, P<0.05 or P<0.01). In 91 patients whose hydrofluoric acid mass fraction was known, single factor logistic regression analysis showed that type of affiliated enterprise, hydrofluoric acid mass fraction (low and high), and prehospital time were all the factors impacting surgery intervention of patients (with odds ratio values of 9.10, 11.25, 10.69, and 0.04, respectively, 95% confidence intervals of 1.15-72.25, 1.39-90.93, 1.32-86.59, and 0.01-0.19, respectively, P<0.05 or P<0.01), type of affiliated enterprise, hydrofluoric acid mass fraction, and prehospital time were all the factors impacting scar sequelae of patients (with odds ratio values of 0.32, 0.21, and 36.80, respectively, 95% confidence intervals of 0.11-0.92, 0.06-0.73, and 11.03-122.79, respectively, P<0.05 or P<0.01); multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that both hydrofluoric acid mass fraction and prehospital time were the independent risk factors impacting surgery intervention of patients (with odds ratio values of 11.51 and 0.04, respectively, 95% confidence intervals of 1.22-108.26 and 0.01-0.25, respectively, P<0.05 or P<0.01), prehospital time was the independent risk factor impacting scar sequelae of patients (odds ratio=37.71, with 95% confidence interval of 9.97-142.69, P<0.01); single factor linear regression analysis showed that type of affiliated enterprise, hydrofluoric acid mass fraction (low and high), and prehospital time were all the factors impacting the length of wound healing of patients (with ß values of 7.12, -5.63, -9.74, and 13.50, respectively, 95% confidence intervals of 2.43-11.81, -10.59--0.68, -14.78--4.70, and 10.14-16.86, respectively, P<0.05 or P<0.01); multivariate linear regression analysis showed that both hydrofluoric acid mass fraction and prehospital time were the independent risk factors impacting the length of wound healing of patients (with ß values of -5.84 and 0.09, respectively, 95% confidence intervals of -10.59--1.08 and 0.05-0.12, respectively, P<0.05 or P<0.01). Conclusions: The majority of patients with hydrofluoric acid burns in hands are young and middle-aged males. Type of affiliated enterprise, hydrofluoric acid mass fraction and prehospital time are the risk factors that affect the treatment outcomes of patients with hydrofluoric acid burns in hands.


Assuntos
Queimaduras , Ácido Fluorídrico , Adulto , Superfície Corporal , Feminino , Humanos , Ácido Fluorídrico/efeitos adversos , Tempo de Internação , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
Clin Exp Dermatol ; 47(7): 1298-1306, 2022 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35187683

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Assessing the area involved in a skin disease, i.e. the body surface area (BSA), is essential in diagnosing disease severity, including in psoriasis. However, in psoriasis, BSA tends to be overestimated by physicians and has shown high inter-rater and intrarater variability. Furthermore, there are no reports suggesting the cause and clinical significance of overestimating BSA in psoriasiss. AIM: To investigate the errors in estimating BSA in psoriasis by comparing physicians' results with those of computer-assisted image analysis (CAIA) and to provide suggestions regarding the clinical implications of such errors. METHODS: Using 43 images, 36 physicians visually estimated BSA in psoriasis, and subsequently, the images were evaluated using a CAIA program (ImageJ); the BSA values determined by the physicians and CAIA were then compared and matched. The BSA percentage was also graded on a scale from 0 to 6, as follows: Grade 0 = no lesion, Grade 1 = 1%-9%, Grade 2 = 10%-29%, Grade 3 = 30%-49%, Grade 4 = 50%-69%, Grade 5 = 70%-89% and Grade 6 = 90%-100%. Each grade range was divided, with the bottom and top 50% defined as the 'first half' and 'second half,' respectively. RESULTS: The mean proportion of correct assessments by physicians was 49.4%. Physicians tended to overestimate the BSA of psoriatic lesions by 8.76% ± 8.82% compared with CAIA. The largest estimation error (proportion incorrect 75.7%) was observed in Grade 3 (30%-49% involvement). Estimates in the second half of the range demonstrated a higher proportion of inaccuracies compared with those in the first half. An overestimating error occurred in certain morphological characteristics of the psoriatic lesions. CONCLUSIONS: The inaccuracy of BSA estimation by physicians may be related to the fact that information from the human eye is perceived to be exaggerated compared with the actual size. Further research into using artificial intelligence technology is needed to reduce quantification error and develop an ideal BSA assessment system. Additionally, education and training are needed for physicians to measure BSA accurately.


Assuntos
Médicos , Psoríase , Inteligência Artificial , Superfície Corporal , Humanos , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador/métodos , Psoríase/diagnóstico , Psoríase/patologia , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
16.
J Dermatol ; 49(4): 448-453, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35076103

RESUMO

Patient acceptable symptom state (PASS) is a patient-reported outcome that reflects patients' perspective well. The relationship between the PASS and disease scores in psoriasis has not been described. The aim of the present study was to investigate the association of PASS with Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PASI) and body surface area (BSA) affected by lesions in patients with psoriasis. A sectional study was conducted. PASS was evaluated by a binary question on the patient's feeling that they have about their symptoms. Clinical data including PASI, BSA, and other patient characteristics were collected. Logistic regression was used to investigate the associations. Receiver-operator curve (ROC) analysis was utilized to determine the PASI/BSA thresholds for PASS. A total of 198 participants (27.8% female, mean age 41.9 ± 12.6 years, mean disease duration 10.2 ± 8.6 years) completed this study. Of patients with mild psoriasis, 71.4% based on PASI and 76.3% based on BSA considered their symptom state acceptable. Female sex (adjusted odds ratio [OR] = 0.47; 95% confidence interval [CI = 0.42-0.92) and patients with exposed skin involved (adjusted OR = 0.38; 95% CI = 0.19-0.76) were less likely to report acceptable symptom state. The threshold for differentiating psoriasis patients in PASS was 3.85 (area under the curve [AUC], 0.67; sensitivity, 0.67; specificity, 0.60) for PASI and 2.85% (AUC, 0.66; sensitivity, 0.79; specificity, 0.54) for BSA, respectively. These results showed that mild psoriasis based on PASI/BSA score align well with PASS status. Female and exposed skin involved are risk factors for acceptable status. Both PASI and BSA have limited capability in differentiating acceptable symptom state in psoriasis.


Assuntos
Psoríase , Adulto , Área Sob a Curva , Superfície Corporal , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Medidas de Resultados Relatados pelo Paciente , Psoríase/diagnóstico , Psoríase/patologia , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
17.
Ulus Travma Acil Cerrahi Derg ; 28(2): 162-169, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35099024

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is a lack of epidemiological research on defining the epidemiological profile of burn injuries in older adults in different regions of Turkey. This study was designed to document the prevalent epidemiological pattern of burn injuries and factors that affect mortality in older adults admitted for treatment to the inpatient unit of Adana City Training and Research Hospital (ACTRH). METHODS: Demographic data, burn mechanism, presentation, percentage of total body surface area (TBSA) burn, abbreviated burn severity index (ABSI) and revised Baux scores, comorbidities, and treatment modalities burn patients aged 60 years and over admitted to our burn center January 1, 2016, and December 31, 2019, were evaluated retrospectively in this study. RESULTS: The medical records of 1754 inpatient burns over 4 years were retrospectively reviewed. A total of 104 (5.5%) hospitalized adult burn patients aged 60 years old or over and treated more than 24 h were included in the study. There were 38 males and 66 females with a male-to-female ratio of 1.00: 2.05 in survivors and 1.25: 1.00 in non-survivors. The mean age was 70.5±8.5 (60.0-92.0) for survivors and 72.7±8.4 (62.0-90.0) years for non-survivors. The mean (%) TBSA burned was 11.4±9.9% for survivors and 37.8±30.0% for non-survivors. Most of the burn injuries occurred at indoor locations (81%), caused by hot water scalds, representing more than one-third of all burns, especially in the kitchen and bathroom. Considering the age (p=0.329), the etiology (p=0.984) and place of burns (p=0.071), burned anatomical regions (p=0.817), and the surgical procedure (yes/no) (p=0.798), no statistical difference was observed between survivors and non-survivors. CONCLUSION: The more extended %TBSA burn, the inhalation injury, and deep burns were found to be significantly the most effective factors in mortality. Revised Baux (R Baux) and ABSI scores had a high value of predicting mortality.


Assuntos
Unidades de Queimados , Pacientes Internados , Idoso , Superfície Corporal , Comorbidade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos
18.
J Dermatolog Treat ; 33(1): 525-530, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32412819

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) and Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis (TEN) are blistering cutaneous disorders that often manifest with epidermal and mucosal necrosis. In extreme cases, the upper or bronchial airways are threatened, necessitating intubation and mechanical ventilation. This systematic review and meta-analysis examines the prevalence of mechanical ventilation (MV) in patients with SJS or TENS, despite maximal medical therapy, and additionally aims to identify the risk factors associated with this requirement. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic review of the literature was performed using the PRISMA guidelines and meta-analysis of proportions. RESULTS: Six articles were included, with pooled total of 18648 cases. The weighted prevalence of MV was 27.5% (95%CI 17.8-39.9%). The need for MV was more closely associated with TEN, compared to SJS (OR 4.40, 95%CI 2.73-7.10, I2=48%, p<.00001.) Risk factors associated with the need for MV included bacteremia (OR 5.02, 95%CI 2.87-8.79, I2=0%, p<.00001), shock/organ failure on admission (OR 261.99, 95%CI 21.88-3137, I2=71, p<.0001), total body surface area (TBSA) >30% (OR 4.47, 95%CI 1.41-14.20, I2=71, p=.01.). CONCLUSION: Limited published evidence with significant heterogeneity exists within the literature regarding the need for MV in SJS and TEN. Greater cutaneous involvement, and more critically unwell patients appear more likely to require MV.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Stevens-Johnson , Superfície Corporal , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Síndrome de Stevens-Johnson/terapia
19.
J Burn Care Res ; 43(2): 306-314, 2022 03 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34791339

RESUMO

Burn injury induces a systemic hyperinflammatory response with detrimental side effects. Studies have described the biochemical changes induced by severe burns, but the transcriptome response is not well characterized. The goal of this work is to characterize the blood transcriptome after burn injury. Burn patients presenting to a regional center between 2012 and 2017 were prospectively enrolled. Blood was collected on admission and at predetermined time points (hours 2, 4, 8, 12, and 24). RNA was isolated and transcript levels were measured with a gene expression microarray. To identify differentially regulated genes (false-discovery rate ≤0.1) by burn injury severity, patients were grouped by TBSA above or below 20% and statistically enriched pathways were identified. Sixty-eight patients were analyzed, most patients were male with a median age of 41 (interquartile range, 30.5-58.5) years, and TBSA of 20% (11%-34%). Thirty-five patients had % TBSA injury ≥20%, and this group experienced greater mortality (26% vs 3%, P = .008). Comparative analysis of genes from patients with

Assuntos
Queimaduras , Transcriptoma , Adulto , Superfície Corporal , Queimaduras/genética , Feminino , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Masculino , Análise em Microsséries , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos
20.
CPT Pharmacometrics Syst Pharmacol ; 11(1): 94-103, 2022 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34793625

RESUMO

Remdesivir, a prodrug of the nucleoside analog GS-441524, plays a key role in the treatment of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). However, owing to limited information on clinical trials and inexperienced clinical use, there is a lack of pharmacokinetic (PK) data in patients with COVID-19 with special characteristics. In this study, we aimed to measure serum GS-441524 concentrations and develop a population PK (PopPK) model. Remdesivir was administered at a 200 mg loading dose on the first day followed by 100 mg from day 2, based on the package insert, in patients with an estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) greater than or equal to 30 ml/min. In total, 190 concentrations from 37 Japanese patients were used in the analysis. The GS-441524 trough concentrations were significantly higher in the eGFR less than 60 ml/min group than in the eGFR greater than or equal to 60 ml/min group. Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation in four patients hardly affected the total body clearance (CL) and volume of distribution (Vd ) of GS-441524. A one-compartment model described serum GS-441524 concentration data. The CL and Vd of GS-441524 were significantly affected by eGFR readjusted by individual body surface area and age, respectively. Simulations proposed a dose regimen of 200 mg on day 1 followed by 100 mg once every 2 days from day 2 in patients with an eGFR of 30 ml/min or less. In conclusion, we successfully established a PopPK model of GS-441524 using retrospectively obtained serum GS-441524 concentrations in Japanese patients with COVID-19, which would be helpful for optimal individualized therapy of remdesivir.


Assuntos
Monofosfato de Adenosina/análogos & derivados , Adenosina/análogos & derivados , Alanina/análogos & derivados , COVID-19/tratamento farmacológico , Nefropatias/sangue , Adenosina/sangue , Monofosfato de Adenosina/administração & dosagem , Monofosfato de Adenosina/farmacocinética , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Alanina/administração & dosagem , Alanina/farmacocinética , Superfície Corporal , COVID-19/sangue , Esquema de Medicação , Oxigenação por Membrana Extracorpórea , Feminino , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular , Humanos , Japão , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Método de Monte Carlo , Medicina de Precisão , Estudos Retrospectivos
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