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1.
Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis ; 41(10): 1227-1235, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36050561

RESUMO

The purpose of this study is to identify predictive factors associated with missed diagnosis of B. pertussis-B. holmesii co-infection by assessing the analytical performance of a commercially available multiplexed PCR assay and by building a prediction model based on clinical signs and symptoms for detecting co-infections. This is a retrospective study on the electronic health records of all clinical samples that tested positive to either B. pertussis or B. holmesii from January 2015 to January 2018 at Geneva University Hospitals. Multivariate logistic regression was used to build a model for co-infection prediction based on the electronic health record chart review. Limit of detection was determined for all targets of the commercial multiplexed PCR assay used on respiratory samples. A regression model, developed from clinical symptoms and signs, predicted B. pertussis and B. holmesii co-infection with an accuracy of 82.9% (95% CI 67.9-92.8%, p value = .012), for respiratory samples positive with any of the two tested Bordetella species. We found that the LOD of the PCR reaction targeting ptxS1 is higher than that reported by the manufacturer by a factor 10. The current testing strategy misses B. pertussis and B. holmesii co-infections by reporting only B. holmesii infections. Thus, we advocate to perform serological testing for detecting a response against pertussis toxin whenever a sample is found positive for B. holmesii. These findings are important, both from a clinical and epidemiological point of view, as the former impacts the choice of antimicrobial drugs and the latter biases surveillance data, by underestimating B. pertussis infections during co-infections.


Assuntos
Infecções por Bordetella , Bordetella , Coinfecção , Coqueluche , Bactérias Aeróbias , Bordetella/genética , Infecções por Bordetella/diagnóstico , Infecções por Bordetella/epidemiologia , Infecções por Bordetella/microbiologia , Bordetella pertussis/genética , Coinfecção/diagnóstico , DNA Bacteriano/análise , Fator X , Humanos , Diagnóstico Ausente , Toxina Pertussis , Estudos Retrospectivos , Coqueluche/microbiologia
3.
Methods Mol Biol ; 2548: 145-167, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36151497

RESUMO

The bacterial adenylate cyclase-based two-hybrid (BACTH) system is a robust and simple genetic assay used to monitor protein-protein interactions in vivo. This system is based on functional complementation between two fragments from the catalytic domain of Bordetella pertussis adenylate cyclase (AC) to reconstitute a cyclic AMP (cAMP)-signaling cascade in Escherichia coli. Interactions between two chimeric proteins result in the synthesis of cAMP, which activates the transcription of various catabolite operons, leading to selectable phenotypes. One advantageous feature of this signaling cascade is that the physical association between the two interacting hybrid proteins is spatially separated from the transcriptional activation readout. Consequently, the BACTH system can detect protein-protein interactions occurring at various subcellular localizations. The system has been used to characterize interactions between soluble or membrane proteins of prokaryotic, eukaryotic, or viral origin. The BACTH assay can be used to uncover the region(s), domain(s), or amino acid residue(s) of a protein involved in an interaction with a specific partner. The BACTH system can also be adapted for the high-throughput screening of small molecules able to interfere with protein-protein interactions.


Assuntos
Adenilil Ciclases , AMP Cíclico , Adenilil Ciclases/metabolismo , Aminoácidos/metabolismo , Bordetella pertussis/genética , AMP Cíclico/metabolismo , Descoberta de Drogas , Escherichia coli/genética , Escherichia coli/metabolismo , Proteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , Proteínas Recombinantes de Fusão/metabolismo
4.
Curr Microbiol ; 79(10): 314, 2022 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36088519

RESUMO

Pertussis also known as whooping cough is a respiratory infection in humans particularly with severe symptoms in infants and usually caused by Bordetella pertussis. However, Bordetella parapertussis can also cause a similar clinical syndrome. During 2012 to 2015, from nasal swabs sent from different provinces to the pertussis reference laboratory of Pasture Institute of Iran for pertussis confirmation, seven B. parapertussis isolates were identified by bacterial culture, biochemical tests, and the presence of IS1001 insertion in the genome. The expression of pertactin (Prn) as one the major virulence factor for bacterial adhesion was investigated using western blot. Moreover, the genomic characteristic of one recently collected isolate, IRBP134, from a seven-month infant was investigated using Illumina NextSeq sequencing protocol. The results revealed the genome with G+C content 65% and genome size 4.7 Mbp. A total of 81 single nucleotide polymorphisms and 13 short insertions and deletions were found in the genome compared to the B. parapertussis 12822 as a reference genome showing ongoing evolutionary changes. A phylogeny relationship of IRBP134 was also investigated using global B. parapertussis available genomes.


Assuntos
Bordetella parapertussis , Coqueluche , Bordetella parapertussis/genética , Bordetella pertussis/genética , Humanos , Lactente , Irã (Geográfico) , Fatores de Virulência/metabolismo , Coqueluche/diagnóstico , Coqueluche/microbiologia
5.
Int J Mol Sci ; 23(15)2022 Aug 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35955837

RESUMO

Adenylate Cyclase Toxin (ACT or CyaA) is one of the important virulence factors secreted by Bordetella pertussis, the bacterium causative of whooping cough. ACT debilitates host defenses by production of unregulated levels of cAMP into the cell cytosol upon delivery of its N-terminal domain with adenylate cyclase activity (AC domain) and by forming pores in the plasma membrane of macrophages. Binding of soluble toxin monomers to the plasma membrane of target cells and conversion into membrane-integrated proteins are the first and last step for these toxin activities; however, the molecular determinants in the protein or the target membrane that govern this conversion to an active toxin form are fully unknown. It was previously reported that cytotoxic and cytolytic activities of ACT depend on membrane cholesterol. Here we show that ACT specifically interacts with membrane cholesterol, and find in two membrane-interacting ACT domains, four cholesterol-binding motifs that are essential for AC domain translocation and lytic activities. We hypothesize that direct ACT interaction with membrane cholesterol through those four cholesterol-binding motifs drives insertion and stabilizes the transmembrane topology of several helical elements that ultimately build the ACT structure for AC delivery and pore-formation, thereby explaining the cholesterol-dependence of the ACT activities. The requirement for lipid-mediated stabilization of transmembrane helices appears to be a unifying mechanism to modulate toxicity in pore-forming toxins.


Assuntos
Bordetella pertussis , Células Eucarióticas , Toxina Adenilato Ciclase/toxicidade , Bordetella pertussis/metabolismo , Colesterol/metabolismo , Eritrócitos/metabolismo , Células Eucarióticas/metabolismo
6.
Appl Microbiol Biotechnol ; 106(17): 5729-5739, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35915170

RESUMO

Micropipette tips are currently among the most used disposable devices in bioresearch and development laboratories. Their main application is the fractionation of solutions. New functionalities have recently been added to this device, widening their applications. This paper analyzed disposable micropipette tips as reagent holders of PCR reagents. PCR has become a prevalent and often indispensable technique in biological laboratories for various applications, such as the detection of coronavirus and other infectious diseases. A functional micropipette tip was implemented to simplify PCR analysis and reduce the contamination chances of deoxynucleotides and specific primers. This disposable device is prepared by tip coating processes of reagents, using polyvinyl alcohol polymer and additives. The coated layer is optimized to load and release PCR reagents efficiently. As a proof of concept, we show that the detection of Bordetella pertussis, the etiological agent of whooping cough whose diagnostic relies on PCR, can be quickly done using practical-functional tips. This device is an excellent example of testing the functionality and contribution of molecular diagnostic PCR tips. KEY POINTS: • Functional micropipette tips are prepared by coating with dNTPs and primers. • Functional tips are used to replace dNTPs and primers in the PCR master mix. • PCR diagnostic of Bordetella pertussis is performed using functional tips.


Assuntos
Bordetella pertussis , Coqueluche , Primers do DNA , DNA Bacteriano , Humanos , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase
7.
mBio ; 13(4): e0152722, 2022 08 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35920558

RESUMO

Bordetella produces an array of virulence factors, including the adenylate cyclase toxin (ACT), which is essential, immunogenic in humans, and highly conserved. Despite mediating immune-evasive functions as a leukotoxin, ACT's potential role as a protective antigen is unclear. To better understand the contributions of humoral anti-ACT immunity, we evaluated protection against Bordetella pertussis by antibodies binding structurally defined ACT epitopes in a mouse pneumonia model. An ACT-neutralizing antibody, but not a nonneutralizing antibody or an isotype control, significantly increased mouse survival after lethal challenge with B. pertussis. When modified to impair Fc effector functions, the neutralizing antibody retained protective capabilities, indicating that protection was mediated by the blockade of the interactions of ACT with its αMß2 integrin receptor. After infection with a lower bacterial dose, ACT neutralization synergistically reduced lung bacterial colonization levels when combined with an opsonic antibody binding the surface antigen pertactin. Notably, protection was significantly enhanced when antibodies were administered intranasally as opposed to systemically, indicating that local immune responses are key to antibody-mediated protection against ACT and pertactin. These data reconcile previous conflicting reports to indicate that neutralizing anti-ACT antibodies support the phagocytosis of opsonized B. pertussis and thereby contribute to pertussis protection in vivo. IMPORTANCE Despite high vaccine coverage in developed countries, the incidence of pertussis has increased in recent decades, often leading to severe consequences for sensitive groups, including infants. For this reason, improving the efficacy of pertussis vaccines is critical, and the addition of new antigens is a leading strategy to achieve this goal. The Bordetella pertussis adenylate cyclase toxin (ACT) acts to disarm host immunity and is considered a promising vaccine candidate since it is found in all Bordetella species. In this work, we show that antibodies neutralizing ACT offer protection against pertussis. Using a murine infection model, we show that antibodies neutralizing ACT can contribute to protection against infection through synergistic interactions with antibodies recognizing current vaccine antigens. Our data can help guide the design of future vaccines, whereby the inclusion of ACT-based immunogens might increase protection against pertussis infection.


Assuntos
Bordetella pertussis , Coqueluche , Toxina Adenilato Ciclase , Animais , Anticorpos Antibacterianos , Anticorpos Neutralizantes , Humanos , Lactente , Camundongos , Proteínas Opsonizantes , Vacina contra Coqueluche , Fatores de Virulência de Bordetella , Coqueluche/microbiologia , Coqueluche/prevenção & controle
8.
Pathog Dis ; 80(1)2022 08 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35927587

RESUMO

Gram-negative pathogenic bacteria constitutively shed outer membrane vesicles (OMVs) which play a significant role in the host-pathogen interaction, eventually determining the outcome of the infection. We previously found that Bordetella pertussis, the etiological agent of whooping cough, survives the innate interaction with human macrophages remaining alive inside these immune cells. Adenylate cyclase (CyaA), one of the main toxins of this pathogen, was found involved in the modulation of the macrophage defense response, eventually promoting bacterial survival within the cells. We here investigated whether B. pertussis OMVs, loaded with most of the bacterial toxins and CyaA among them, modulate the macrophage response to the bacterial infection. We observed that the pre-incubation of macrophages with OMVs led to a decreased macrophage defense response to the encounter with the bacteria, in a CyaA dependent way. Our results suggest that CyaA delivered by B. pertussis OMVs dampens macrophages protective function by decreasing phagocytosis and the bactericidal capability of these host cells. By increasing the chances of bacterial survival to the innate encounter with the macrophages, B. pertussis OMVs might play a relevant role in the course of infection, promoting bacterial persistence within the host and eventually, shaping the whole infection process.


Assuntos
Bordetella pertussis , Coqueluche , Toxina Adenilato Ciclase , Humanos , Macrófagos , Fatores de Virulência
9.
PLoS Pathog ; 18(8): e1010764, 2022 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35969621

RESUMO

Infections and disease caused by the obligate human pathogen Bordetella pertussis (Bp) are increasing, despite widespread vaccinations. The current acellular pertussis vaccines remain ineffective against nasopharyngeal colonization, carriage, and transmission. In this work, we tested the hypothesis that Bordetella polysaccharide (Bps), a member of the poly-ß-1,6-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine (PNAG/PGA) family of polysaccharides promotes respiratory tract colonization of Bp by resisting killing by antimicrobial peptides (AMPs). Genetic deletion of the bpsA-D locus, as well as treatment with the specific glycoside hydrolase Dispersin B, increased susceptibility to AMP-mediated killing. Bps was found to be both cell surface-associated and released during laboratory growth and mouse infections. Addition of bacterial supernatants containing Bps and purified Bps increased B. pertussis resistance to AMPs. By utilizing ELISA, immunoblot and flow cytometry assays, we show that Bps functions as a dual surface shield and decoy. Co-inoculation of C57BL/6J mice with a Bps-proficient strain enhanced respiratory tract survival of the Bps-deficient strain. In combination, the presented results highlight the critical role of Bps as a central driver of B. pertussis pathogenesis. Heterologous production of Bps in a non-pathogenic E. coli K12 strain increased AMP resistance in vitro, and augmented bacterial survival and pathology in the mouse respiratory tract. These studies can serve as a foundation for other PNAG/PGA polysaccharides and for the development of an effective Bp vaccine that includes Bps.


Assuntos
Infecções por Escherichia coli , Coqueluche , Monofosfato de Adenosina , Animais , Peptídeos Antimicrobianos , Biofilmes , Bordetella pertussis/genética , Escherichia coli , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Vacina contra Coqueluche , Polissacarídeos , Prostaglandinas A
10.
Vaccine ; 40(35): 5229-5240, 2022 08 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35927132

RESUMO

Bordetella pertussis is the causative agent of whooping cough (pertussis), a severe respiratory disease that can be fatal, particularly in infants. Despite high vaccine coverage, pertussis remains a problem because the currently used DTaP and Tdap vaccines do not completely prevent infection or transmission. It is well established that the alum adjuvant is a potential weakness of the acellular vaccines because the immunity provided by it is short-term. We aimed to evaluate the potential of CpG 1018® adjuvant to improve antibody responses and enhance protection against B. pertussis challenge in a murine model. A titrated range of Tdap vaccine doses were evaluated in order to best identify the adjuvant capability of CpG 1018. Antibody responses to pertussis toxin (PT), filamentous hemagglutinin (FHA), or the whole bacterium were increased due to the inclusion of CpG 1018. In B. pertussis intranasal challenge studies, we observed improved protection and bacterial clearance from the lower respiratory tract due to adding CpG 1018 to 1/20th the human dose of Tdap. Further, we determined that Tdap and Tdap + CpG 1018 were both capable of facilitating clearance of strains that do not express pertactin (PRN-), which are rising in prevalence. Functional phenotyping of antibodies revealed that the inclusion of CpG 1018 induced more bacterial opsonization and antibodies of the Th1 phenotype (IgG2a and IgG2b). This study demonstrates the potential of adding CpG 1018 to Tdap to improve immunogenicity and protection against B. pertussis compared to the conventional, alum-only adjuvanted Tdap vaccine.


Assuntos
Vacinas contra Difteria, Tétano e Coqueluche Acelular , Coqueluche , Adjuvantes Imunológicos , Animais , Anticorpos Antibacterianos , Formação de Anticorpos , Bordetella pertussis , Humanos , Imunoglobulina G , Lactente , Camundongos , Vacina contra Coqueluche , Coqueluche/prevenção & controle
11.
Int J Mol Sci ; 23(14)2022 Jul 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35887374

RESUMO

The Gram-negative bacterium Bordetella pertussis is the causative agent of a respiratory infection known as whooping cough. Previously developed whole-cell pertussis vaccines were effective, but appeared to be too reactogenic mainly due to the presence of lipopolysaccharide (LPS, also known as endotoxin) in the outer membrane (OM). Here, we investigated the possibility of reducing endotoxicity by modulating the LPS levels. The promoter of the lpxC gene, which encodes the first committed enzyme in LPS biosynthesis, was replaced by an isopropyl ß-D-1-thiogalactopyranoside (IPTG)-inducible promoter. The IPTG was essential for growth, even when the construct was moved into a strain that should allow for the replacement of LPS in the outer leaflet of the OM with phospholipids by defective phospholipid transporter Mla and OM phospholipase A. LpxC depletion in the absence of IPTG resulted in morphological changes of the cells and in overproduction of outer-membrane vesicles (OMVs). The reduced amounts of LPS in whole-cell preparations and in isolated OMVs of LpxC-depleted cells resulted in lower activation of Toll-like receptor 4 in HEK-Blue reporter cells. We suggest that, besides lipid A engineering, also a reduction in LPS synthesis is an attractive strategy for the production of either whole-cell- or OMV-based vaccines, with reduced reactogenicity for B. pertussis and other Gram-negative bacteria.


Assuntos
Bordetella pertussis , Coqueluche , Bordetella pertussis/genética , Endotoxinas , Bactérias Gram-Negativas/metabolismo , Humanos , Isopropiltiogalactosídeo , Lipopolissacarídeos/metabolismo , Coqueluche/prevenção & controle
12.
Nat Commun ; 13(1): 3807, 2022 07 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35778384

RESUMO

The genus Bordetella includes bacteria that are found in the environment and/or associated with humans and other animals. A few closely related species, including Bordetella pertussis, are human pathogens that cause diseases such as whooping cough. Here, we present a large database of Bordetella isolates and genomes and develop genotyping systems for the genus and for the B. pertussis clade. To generate the database, we merge previously existing databases from Oxford University and Institut Pasteur, import genomes from public repositories, and add 83 newly sequenced B. bronchiseptica genomes. The public database currently includes 2582 Bordetella isolates and their provenance data, and 2085 genomes ( https://bigsdb.pasteur.fr/bordetella/ ). We use core-genome multilocus sequence typing (cgMLST) to develop genotyping systems for the whole genus and for B. pertussis, as well as specific schemes to define antigenic, virulence and macrolide resistance profiles. Phylogenetic analyses allow us to redefine evolutionary relationships among known Bordetella species, and to propose potential new species. Our database provides an expandable resource for genotyping of environmental and clinical Bordetella isolates, thus facilitating evolutionary and epidemiological research on whooping cough and other Bordetella infections.


Assuntos
Coqueluche , Animais , Antibacterianos , Biodiversidade , Bordetella pertussis/genética , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana , Genômica , Humanos , Macrolídeos , Filogenia , Coqueluche/epidemiologia
13.
Bol Med Hosp Infant Mex ; 79(3): 152-160, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35882025

RESUMO

Pertussis is a highly contagious disease caused by Bordetella pertussis, which may be preventable by vaccination. There are two types of vaccines: whole-cell vaccines and acellular vaccines. Since pertussis control worldwide is heterogeneous, re-emergence of whooping cough has been observed in some countries. This re-emergence has been related to several factors: increased susceptibility to infection, better detection of disease, problems in obtaining adequate vaccination coverage, increase in susceptible subjects (mainly under 6 months of age), loss of immunity in adolescents and young adults, and likely genetic and adaptive B. pertussis changes. This paper discusses whole-cell and acellular vaccines' characteristics, advantages, and disadvantages. International recommendations are presented, and the participants' position is offered regarding the influence of the use of acellular vaccines and the potential disadvantages of reintroducing whole-cell vaccines, mainly due to their reactogenicity. Finally, strategies to achieve better control of pertussis in Mexico are discussed.


La tos ferina es una enfermedad causada por Bordetella pertussis. Aunque es altamente contagiosa, puede ser prevenible por vacunación. Existen dos tipos de vacunas: las de células enteras y las acelulares. La tos ferina ha resurgido en algunos países debido a que su control a escala mundial es heterogéneo. Esta reemergencia se ha relacionado con diversos factores: mayor sensibilidad hacia la infección, mejor detección de la enfermedad, problemas para obtener adecuadas coberturas de vacunación, incremento en los sujetos susceptibles (especialmente menores de 6 meses), pérdida de la inmunidad en los adolescentes y adultos jóvenes, y probables cambios genéticos y adaptativos de B. pertussis. En este documento se analizan las características, las ventajas y las desventajas de las vacunas de células enteras y de las vacunas acelulares. Se presentan las recomendaciones internacionales y se ofrece el posicionamiento de los participantes con respecto a la influencia del uso de vacunas acelulares y las desventajas potenciales de volver a utilizar vacunas de células enteras, en especial por su reactogenicidad. Por último, se analizan las estrategias para lograr un mejor control de la tos ferina en México.


Assuntos
Coqueluche , Adolescente , Bordetella pertussis , Humanos , México/epidemiologia , Vacina contra Coqueluche , Vacinas Acelulares , Coqueluche/epidemiologia , Coqueluche/prevenção & controle
14.
mBio ; 13(4): e0091222, 2022 08 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35862763

RESUMO

Copper is essential to most living beings but also highly toxic and as such is an important player at the host-pathogen interface. Bacteria have thus developed homeostatic mechanisms to tightly control its intracellular concentration. Known Cu export and import systems are under transcriptional control, whereas posttranscriptional regulatory mechanisms are yet to be characterized. We identified a three-gene operon, bp2923-bfrG-bp2921, downregulated by copper and notably encoding a TonB-dependent transporter in Bordetella pertussis. We show here that the protein encoded by the first gene, which is a member of the DUF2946 protein family, represents a new type of upstream Open Reading Frame (uORF) involved in posttranscriptional regulation of the downstream genes. In the absence of copper, the entire operon is transcribed and translated. Perception of copper by the nascent bp2923-coded protein via its conserved CXXC motif triggers Rho-dependent transcription termination between the first and second genes by relieving translation arrest on a conserved C-terminal RAPP motif. Homologs of bp2923 are widespread in bacterial genomes, where they head operons predicted to participate in copper homeostasis. This work has thus unveiled a new mode of genetic regulation by a transition metal and identified a regulatory function for a member of an uncharacterized family of bacterial proteins that we have named CruR, for copper-responsive upstream regulator. IMPORTANCE Copper is a transition metal necessary for living beings but also extremely toxic. Bacteria thus tightly control its homeostasis with transcriptional regulators. In this work, we have identified in the whooping cough agent Bordetella pertussis a new control mechanism mediated by a small protein called CruR, for copper-responsive upstream regulator. While being translated by the ribosome CruR is able to perceive intracellular copper, which shuts down the transcription of downstream genes of the same operon, coding for a copper uptake system. This mechanism limits the import of copper in conditions where it is abundant for the bacterium. This is the first report of "posttranscriptional regulation" in response to copper. Homologs of CruR genes head many operons harboring copper-related genes in various bacteria, and therefore the regulatory function unveiled here is likely a general property of this new protein family.


Assuntos
Cobre , Óperon , Proteínas de Bactérias/genética , Proteínas de Bactérias/metabolismo , Bordetella pertussis/genética , Bordetella pertussis/metabolismo , Cobre/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Regulação Bacteriana da Expressão Gênica , Fases de Leitura Aberta , Ribossomos/metabolismo
15.
FEMS Microbiol Lett ; 369(1)2022 07 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35700015

RESUMO

Outer-membrane vesicles (OMVs) are promising tools in the development of novel vaccines against the respiratory pathogens Bordetella pertussis and Bordetella bronchiseptica. Unfortunately, vesiculation by bordetellae is too low for cost-effective vaccine production. In other bacteria, iron limitation or inactivation of the fur gene has been shown to increase OMV production, presumably by downregulation of the mla genes, which encode machinery for maintenance of lipid asymmetry in the outer membrane. Here, we followed a similar approach in bordetellae. Whereas a fur mutant was readily obtained in B. bronchiseptica, a B. pertussis fur mutant could only be obtained in iron-deplete conditions, indicating that a fur mutation is conditionally lethal in this bacterium. The fur mutants displayed a growth defect in iron-replete media, presumably because constitutive expression of iron-uptake systems resulted in iron intoxication. Accordingly, expression of the Escherichia coli ferritin FtnA to sequester intracellularly accumulated iron rescued the growth of the mutants in these media. The fur mutations led to the constitutive expression of novel vaccine candidates, such as the TonB-dependent receptors FauA for the siderophore alcaligin and BhuR for heme. However, neither inactivation of fur nor growth under iron limitation improved vesiculation, presumably because the expression of the mla genes appeared unaffected.


Assuntos
Bordetella bronchiseptica , Proteínas de Bactérias/genética , Proteínas de Bactérias/metabolismo , Bordetella bronchiseptica/genética , Bordetella pertussis/genética , Bordetella pertussis/metabolismo , Regulação Bacteriana da Expressão Gênica , Ferro/metabolismo , Sideróforos/metabolismo
16.
Front Cell Infect Microbiol ; 12: 888412, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35646735

RESUMO

Pertussis is a respiratory infection caused by the Gram-negative bacterium Bordetella pertussis. Despite high vaccination coverage this disease remains a public health concern worldwide. A better understanding of the protective immune responses to B. pertussis is required for the development of improved vaccines. The aim of this study was to determine the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) by human neutrophils in response to B. pertussis and to determine the contribution of opsonizing antibodies from convalescent pertussis patients in this response. The serum samples from convalescent patients were taken at <3, 9, 18 and 36 months after diagnosis of pertussis. Also included were sera from healthy age-matched controls. We show that neutrophils produced high levels of ROS in response to opsonized, compared to non-opsonized, B. pertussis and that this effect was independent of the time the convalescent serum samples were taken. This indicates the presence of functional opsonizing antibodies up to 3 years after B. pertussis infection. While opsonization of B. pertussis with serum samples from uninfected controls also induced ROS production, sera from infected individuals induced significantly higher ROS levels. Spearman correlations analysis showed that IgG antibodies targeting fimbriae3 followed by pertactin, and BrkA correlate with ROS production. Additionally, we observed that neutrophils killed opsonized B. pertussis in a ROS-dependent manner. Searching for other antigen-specific antibodies from convalescent pertussis patients involved in ROS production by neutrophils may assist in the identification of novel antigens to improve the current pertussis vaccines.


Assuntos
Coqueluche , Bordetella pertussis , Humanos , Neutrófilos , Vacina contra Coqueluche , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio , Coqueluche/prevenção & controle
17.
PLoS Pathog ; 18(6): e1010577, 2022 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35666769

RESUMO

The adenylate cyclase (ACT) and the pertussis (PT) toxins of Bordetella pertussis exert potent immunomodulatory activities that synergize to suppress host defense in the course of whooping cough pathogenesis. We compared the mouse lung infection capacities of B. pertussis (Bp) mutants (Bp AC- or Bp PT-) producing enzymatically inactive toxoids and confirm that ACT action is required for maximal bacterial proliferation in the first days of infection, whereas PT action is crucial for persistence of B. pertussis in mouse lungs. Despite accelerated and near complete clearance from the lungs by day 14 of infection, the PT- bacteria accumulated within the lymphoid tissue of lung-draining mediastinal lymph nodes (mLNs). In contrast, the wild type or AC- bacteria colonized the lungs but did not enter into mLNs. Lung infection by the PT- mutant triggered an early arrival of migratory conventional dendritic cells with associated bacteria into mLNs, where the PT- bacteria entered the T cell-rich paracortex of mLNs by day 5 and proliferated in clusters within the B-cell zone (cortex) of mLNs by day 14, being eventually phagocytosed by infiltrating neutrophils. Finally, only infection by the PT- bacteria triggered an early production of anti-B. pertussis serum IgG antibodies already within 14 days of infection. These results reveal that action of the pertussis toxin blocks DC-mediated delivery of B. pertussis bacteria into mLNs and prevents bacterial colonization of mLNs, thus hampering early adaptive immune response to B. pertussis infection.


Assuntos
Bordetella pertussis , Coqueluche , Animais , Células Dendríticas/patologia , Pulmão , Linfonodos/patologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Toxina Pertussis
18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35690004

RESUMO

Prostanoids are potent inflammatory mediators that play a regulatory role in the innate immune activation of the adaptive immune response to determine the duration of protection against infection. We aim to quantify the modulation of prostanoids profiles in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated THP-1 cells treated with the novel pertussis antigen BscF. We compared the effect with pertussis antigens present in the current Tdap vaccine to understand the immunomodulatory effect that might contribute to the diminished Tdap vaccine effectiveness. The inflammatory challenge with LPS induced a robust elevation of most prostanoid family members compared to the control treatment. Treatment with BscF and Tdap significantly reduced the LPS-stimulated elevation of prostaglandins (PGs) D2, E2, and F2α, as well as thromboxane (TX) A2 levels. An opposite trend was observed for PGI2, as both antigens accelerated the LPS-stimulated upregulation. Further, we quantified cyclooxygenases (COXs) that catalyze the biosynthesis of prostanoids and found that both antigens significantly reduced LPS-stimulated COX-1 and COX-2, demonstrating that the waning of acellular pertussis vaccines' protective immunity may be due to other downstream enzymes not related to COXs. Our present study validates the potential role of BscF as an adjuvant, resulting in the next-generation pertussis vaccine discovery.


Assuntos
Vacinas contra Difteria, Tétano e Coqueluche Acelular , Coqueluche , Anticorpos Antibacterianos , Antígenos de Bactérias , Bordetella pertussis , Humanos , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Monócitos , Prostaglandinas , Coqueluche/prevenção & controle
19.
J Am Chem Soc ; 144(26): 11553-11557, 2022 Jul 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35749268

RESUMO

The pathogen Bordetella pertussis uses a type-3 secretion system (T3SS) to inject its cytotoxic effector BteA into the host cell via a designated needle structure. Prior to injection BteA is bound to its cognate chaperone BtcA presumed to assist in effector unfolding en route to needle passage. We utilized NMR and EPR spectroscopy to uncover the molecular mechanism of BtcA-mediated unfolding of BteA. BtcA induces a global structural change in the effector, which adopts a more extended and partially unfolded conformation. EPR distance measurements further show that the structured helical-bundle form of free BteA exists in conformational equilibrium with a lowly populated minor species. The nature of this equilibrium was probed using NMR relaxation dispersion experiments. At 283 K structural effects are most pronounced for a contiguous surface spanning the A- and B-helices of BteA, extending at 303 K to a second surface including the D- and E-helices. Residues perturbed in the minor conformation coincide with those exhibiting a BtcA-induced increase in flexibility, identifying this conformation as the BtcA-bound form of the effector. Our findings hint at a conformational-selectivity mechanism for the chaperone interaction with the effector, a paradigm that may be common to effector-chaperones secretion complexes in this family of pathogens.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Bactérias , Bordetella pertussis , Proteínas de Bactérias/química , Bordetella pertussis/metabolismo , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Chaperonas Moleculares/metabolismo , Desdobramento de Proteína , Sistemas de Secreção Tipo III/química
20.
Vaccine ; 40(27): 3746-3751, 2022 06 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35599039

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Immunization against Bordetella pertussis during pregnancy reduces morbidity from severe pertussis in young infants via trans-placental transfer of anti-B. pertussis Immunoglobulin G (IgG). Studies have reported a near disappearance of respiratory pathogens including B. pertussis following implementation of mitigation strategies to control Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). We explored how immunity against B. pertussis changed in women of childbearing-age through the COVID-19 pandemic. METHODS: Paired blood samples from females of childbearing-age collected at the beginning (May-June 2020) and nearly one year into the COVID-19 pandemic (February-May 2021) in British Columbia (BC), Canada were tested for anti-B. pertussis IgG levels. To ascertain whether early-pandemic IgG levels in 2020 reflected levels in pregnant women early in gestation, 1st trimester sera collected from age-matched healthy pregnant women in 2018 and 2019 were tested for anti-B. pertussis IgG. Levels were compared by t tests. P-value of 0.05 was assigned and statistical significance was set as p < 0.016 using Bonferroni correction. RESULTS: Annual provincial B. pertussis incidences per 100,000 in BC in 2020 (3/100,000) and 2021 (<1/100,000) approximated the lowest levels since 1990. In 2021 vs. 2020, anti-pertussis toxin (PT), filamentous hemagglutinin (FHA) and pertactin (PRN) IgG levels declined in women of childbearing-age: 6.8 IU/ml (95 %CI, 4.2-10.9) vs. 8.4 IU/ml (5.1-13.9; p = 0.004); 18.8 IU/ml (10.9-32.2) vs. 23.6 IU/ml (13.2-42.1; p < 0.001); and 37.1 IU/ml (18.1-75.9) vs. 47.2 IU/ml (24.8-89.9; p = 0.092), respectively. Although all values were slightly higher, anti-PT, FHA and PRN IgG levels in women of childbearing age did not significantly differ in 2020 compared with early-gestation pregnant women in 2018-2019, 8.4 IU/ml (95% CI, 5.1-13.9) vs. 5.4 IU/ml (95% CI, 3.8-7.7; p = 0.166), 23.6 IU/ml (95% CI, 13.2-42.1) vs. 20.1 IU/ml (95% CI, 13.4-30.2; p = 0.656), and 47.2 IU/ml (24.8-89.9) vs. 17.3 IU/ml (95% CI, 10.5-28.7; p = 0.021), respectively. DISCUSSION: B. pertussis infections should be closely monitored during the relaxing of mitigation measures for COVID-19.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Coqueluche , Anticorpos Antibacterianos , Bordetella pertussis , Colúmbia Britânica , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Imunoglobulina G , Lactente , Pandemias , Toxina Pertussis , Placenta , Gravidez , Coqueluche/epidemiologia , Coqueluche/prevenção & controle
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