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1.
BMC Res Notes ; 15(1): 160, 2022 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35538582

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to identify the diagnostic performance of video capsule endoscopy (VCE) among patients presenting with iron deficiency anaemia (IDA) and negative bidirectional endoscopy to a gasteroendoscopy practice in regional Australia. The secondary objectives were to identify the distribution of findings and factors predictive of positive findings in a regional setting. RESULTS: In total 123 procedures were included in the study. Mean age of the patients was 67.9 years. Females made up 60.2% (n = 74) of the study population. Mean haemoglobin and ferritin levels were 93.3 g/L and 11.9 ug/L, respectively. Positive findings were present in 67 procedures (54.5%) with the most frequent finding being small bowel angiodysplasia (53.7%, n = 36/67), followed by ulceration/significant erosion (26.8%, n = 18/67), fresh blood (20.8%, n = 14/67) and tumour/polyp (16.4%, n = 11/67). Haemoglobin level was the only variable associated with positive findings (p = 0.005) in the study population. Of the procedures reporting positive findings outside the small bowel, the majority (80%) were within reach of conventional upper endoscopy and may have implications for future practice, particularly when allocating health resources in a rural setting.


Assuntos
Anemia Ferropriva , Endoscopia por Cápsula , Idoso , Anemia Ferropriva/complicações , Anemia Ferropriva/diagnóstico , Austrália , Endoscopia por Cápsula/métodos , Feminino , Hemorragia Gastrointestinal/complicações , Humanos , Masculino
2.
BMC Gastroenterol ; 22(1): 222, 2022 May 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35509022

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The lesions of certain diseases are widely distributed in both stomach and small intestine, while the step-by-step strategy of gastroscopy followed by enteroscopy can be burdensome and costly. We aimed to determine if magnetically controlled capsule endoscopy (MCE) could be used in one-time gastro-small intestine (GSI) joint examination. METHODS: In this study, data of patients in Chinese PLA General Hospital and Changhai Hospital who underwent MCE GSI examination from January 2020 to August 2021 were retrospectively analysed. The primary outcome of this study was the success rate of one-time GSI joint examination, and secondary outcomes included visualization and cleanliness of gastrointestinal tract, gastrointestinal transit times, diagnostic yield and safety of MCE examination. RESULTS: A total of 768 patients were included. The success rate of one-time GSI joint examination was 92.58%. There were 94.92% MCEs observed > 90% gastric mucosa in the 6 anatomic landmarks. The rate of complete small bowel examination was 97.40%. The median gastric examination time, gastric transit time and small intestine transit time were 8.18 min, 63.89 min and 4.89 h, respectively. Magnetic steering of MCE significantly decreased gastric transit time (8.92 min vs. 79.68 min, P = 0.001) and increased duodenal lesion detection rate (13.47% vs. 6.26%, P = 0.001) when compared with non-magnetic steering group. Two capsules were retained and were removed by enteroscopy or spontaneously excreted. CONCLUSIONS: MCE is feasible to complete GSI joint examination and the detection of both gastric and small intestinal diseases can be achieved simultaneously. Trial registration Clinical Trial Registration ClinicalTrials.gov, ID: NCT05069233.


Assuntos
Endoscopia por Cápsula , Gastroscopia , Humanos , Intestino Delgado/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos Retrospectivos , Estômago/diagnóstico por imagem
3.
Nihon Shokakibyo Gakkai Zasshi ; 119(5): 446-451, 2022.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35545543

RESUMO

At the time of colon polyp follow-up, a 46-year-old Japanese woman with a history of invagination, colon polyps, cervical cancer, and breast cancer was suspected of Peutz-Jeghers syndrome and referred. Multiple polyposes of the jejunum were discovered by capsule endoscopy and double-balloon endoscopy, and the resected specimen was diagnosed with hamartoma. During the follow-up, advanced pancreatic cancer-derived from IPMN developed. It is important to remember that multiple cancers can develop in Peutz-Jeghers syndrome.


Assuntos
Endoscopia por Cápsula , Pólipos do Colo , Neoplasias Primárias Múltiplas , Síndrome de Peutz-Jeghers , Feminino , Humanos , Jejuno , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Síndrome de Peutz-Jeghers/complicações , Síndrome de Peutz-Jeghers/diagnóstico
4.
Gastroenterol Clin North Am ; 51(2): 213-239, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35595412

RESUMO

Numerous tools have emerged over recent decades to aid in the increasingly complex management of patients with Crohn's disease (CD) beyond endoscopy, including video capsule endoscopy, magnetic resonance enterography, computed tomography enterography, a variety of biomarkers, and even wearable biosensors and smartphone applications. These tools have allowed for a more sophisticated and less invasive complementary approach to the evaluation of disease activity and treatment response in patients with CD. This article details the characteristics, practical application, and limitations of these various modalities and discusses how updated guidelines are now incorporating many of them into a treat-to-target strategy.


Assuntos
Endoscopia por Cápsula , Doença de Crohn , Doença de Crohn/diagnóstico , Doença de Crohn/patologia , Doença de Crohn/terapia , Humanos , Intestino Delgado/patologia , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
5.
BMJ Open Gastroenterol ; 9(1)2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35534046

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Heyde's syndrome (HS), a rare condition characterised by a unique relationship between severe aortic stenosis and angiodysplasia, is often diagnosed late increasing the risk for a prolonged hospital course and mortality in the elderly. The leading hypothesis explaining the aetiology of HS is acquired von Willebrand syndrome (AVWS) but not all studies support this claim. While individual cases of HS have been reported, here we present the first systematic review of case reports and focus on the prevalence of AVWS. DESIGN: A systematic search was conducted through PubMed/MEDLINE, CINAHL-EBSCO, Web of Science and Google Scholar since inception. The resulting articles were screened by two independent reviewers based on inclusion criteria that the article must be a case report/series or a letter to the editor in English describing HS in an adult patient. RESULTS: Seventy-four articles encompassing 77 cases met the inclusion criteria. The average age was 74.3±9.3 years old with a slight female predominance. The small intestine, especially the jejunum, was the most common location for bleeding origin. Capsule endoscopy and double balloon enteroscopy were superior at identifying bleeding sources than colonoscopy (p=0.0027 and p=0.0095, respectively) and oesophagogastroduodenoscopy (p=0.0006 and p=0.0036, respectively). The mean duration from symptom onset to diagnosis/treatment of HS was 23.8±39 months. Only 27/77 cases provided evidence for AVWS. Surgical and transcutaneous aortic valve replacement (AVR) were superior at preventing rebleeding than non-AVR modalities (p<0.0001). CONCLUSION: Further research is warranted for a stronger understanding and increased awareness of HS, which may hasten diagnosis and optimal management.


Assuntos
Angiodisplasia , Estenose da Valva Aórtica , Endoscopia por Cápsula , Doenças de von Willebrand , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Angiodisplasia/complicações , Angiodisplasia/diagnóstico , Valva Aórtica , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/complicações , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Endoscopia por Cápsula/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Hemorragia Gastrointestinal/diagnóstico , Hemorragia Gastrointestinal/etiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Síndrome , Doenças de von Willebrand/complicações , Doenças de von Willebrand/diagnóstico , Doenças de von Willebrand/epidemiologia
6.
BMC Gastroenterol ; 22(1): 258, 2022 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35597907

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Colon capsule endoscopy (CCE) is a non-invasive alternative to colonoscopy. The reported sensitivity and specificity of CCE for the detection of clinically significant colonic neoplasia is high. To date, there have been no reported cases of colorectal cancer (CRC) missed by CCE which were located in segments adequately visualised by the capsule. CASE PRESENTATION: We present the case of a 71-year-old female, who underwent CCE for new lower gastrointestinal symptoms. The CCE reported 17 polyps (largest size 10 mm) and angiodysplasia. A 40 mm caecal pole tumour, not detected by the CCE, was identified at follow up colonoscopy. Surgical resection was performed, and the pathology sample was reported as moderately differentiated adenocarcinoma, pT2 pN0 (0/19) M0, with no evidence of EMVI. The patient made an uneventful recovery. The caecal pole tumour was not definitively identified on retrospective review of the CCE images. CONCLUSION: To date, this is the first published case of a CRC missed entirely by CCE. Further research is required to allow calculation of the post CCE interval CRC rate to allow comparison with colonoscopy and CT colonogram.


Assuntos
Endoscopia por Cápsula , Neoplasias Colorretais , Idoso , Endoscopia por Cápsula/métodos , Colonoscopia/métodos , Neoplasias Colorretais/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
7.
Dig Endosc ; 34 Suppl 2: 143-147, 2022 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35483026
8.
Cleve Clin J Med ; 89(4): 200-211, 2022 04 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35365558

RESUMO

Capsule endoscopy, also known as wireless capsule endoscopy or video capsule endoscopy, is a noninvasive procedure that uses a swallowed capsule-shaped miniature camera for direct visual and diagnostic evaluation of gastrointestinal (GI) disease. Although originally intended as a tool to examine the small intestine, which is mostly beyond the reach of conventional endoscopy, capsule endoscopy is now also being used to examine the entire length of the GI tract.


Assuntos
Endoscopia por Cápsula , Gastroenteropatias , Gastroenteropatias/diagnóstico , Gastroenteropatias/terapia , Humanos , Intestino Delgado/diagnóstico por imagem
9.
J Healthc Eng ; 2022: 3880356, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35432820

RESUMO

Wireless capsule endoscopy is an important method for diagnosing small bowel diseases, but it will collect thousands of endoscopy images that need to be diagnosed. The analysis of these images requires a huge workload and may cause manual reading errors. This article attempts to use neural networks instead of artificial endoscopic image analysis to assist doctors in diagnosing and treating endoscopic images. First, in image preprocessing, the image is converted from RGB color mode to lab color mode, texture features are extracted for network training, and finally, the accuracy of the algorithm is verified. After inputting the retained endoscopic image verification set into the neural network algorithm, the conclusion is that the accuracy of the neural network model constructed in this study is 97.69%, which can effectively distinguish normal, benign lesions, and malignant tumors. Experimental studies have proved that the neural network algorithm can effectively assist the endoscopist's diagnosis and improve the diagnosis efficiency. This research hopes to provide a reference for the application of neural network algorithms in the field of endoscopic images.


Assuntos
Cápsulas Endoscópicas , Endoscopia por Cápsula , Algoritmos , Endoscopia por Cápsula/métodos , Humanos , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador/métodos , Redes Neurais de Computação
10.
PLoS One ; 17(3): e0265903, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35324984

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Capsule endoscopy has been widely used to investigate obscure gastrointestinal bleeding (OGIB) in the small intestine since its approval in 2001. However, the clinical features of OGIB remain unclear. AIM: We retrospectively examined the clinical features and risk factors of OGIB in patients who underwent capsule endoscopy in our hospital. METHODS: We included 420 of the 431 patients who underwent capsule endoscopy from June 2014 to May 2021, in whom the small intestine could be observed. We retrospectively compared the clinical features and treatment of OGIB cases, with or without active small bowel bleeding (n = 173), with other cases (n = 247). Patient sex, age, diabetes mellitus, and heart failure histories were matched for the analysis. RESULTS: The male/female ratio was 247/173 and the average age was 51.54 years. In multivariate analysis, the use of direct oral anticoagulants was significant (P = 0.016), and vascular lesions (P = 0.018) were observed in OGIB cases. When OGIB cases with and without active small bowel bleeding were compared, serum albumin level was lower in cases with active bleeding (P = 0.031). When treatment of OGIB cases were compared, those without vascular lesions could be treated conservatively (P = 0.0047). In the 1:1 propensity score matching analysis, serum creatinine level was elevated in cases of active bleeding (P = 0.029), and cases without vascular lesions were treated conservatively (P = 0.010). CONCLUSIONS: Use of direct oral anticoagulants is frequently associated with OGIB. OGIB patients without vascular lesions may be treated conservatively.


Assuntos
Endoscopia por Cápsula , Anticoagulantes , Endoscopia por Cápsula/efeitos adversos , Endoscopia Gastrointestinal/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Hemorragia Gastrointestinal/diagnóstico , Hemorragia Gastrointestinal/etiologia , Hemorragia Gastrointestinal/terapia , Humanos , Intestino Delgado/diagnóstico por imagem , Intestino Delgado/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos
12.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 4071, 2022 03 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35260574

RESUMO

Celiac disease is a disorder of the immune system that mainly affects the small intestine but can also affect the skeletal system. The diagnosis relies on histological assessment of duodenal biopsies acquired by upper digestive endoscopy. Immunological tests involve collecting a blood sample to detect if the antibodies have been produced in the body. Endoscopy is invasive and histology is time-consuming. In recent years there have been various algorithms that use artificial intelligence (AI) and neural convolutions (CNN, Convolutional Neural Network) to process images from capsule endoscopy, a non-invasive endoscopy approach, that provides magnified, high qualitative images of the small bowel mucosa, to quickly establish a diagnosis. The proposed innovative approach do not use complex learning algorithms, instead it find some artefacts in the endoscopies using kernels and use classified machine learning algorithms. Each used artefacts have a psychical meaning: atrophies of the mucosa with a visible submucosal vascular pattern; the presence of cracks (depressions) that have an appearance similar to that of dry land; reduction or complete loss of folds in the duodenum; the presence of a submerged appearance at the Kerckring folds and a low number of villi. The results obtained for video capsule endoscopy images processing reveal an accuracy of 94.1% and F1 score of 94%, which is competitive with other complex algorithms. The main goal of the present research was to demonstrate that computer-aided diagnosis of celiac disease is possible even without the use of very complex algorithms, which require expensive hardware and a lot of processing time. The use of the proposed automated images processing acquired noninvasively by capsule endoscopy would be assistive in detecting the subtle presence of villous atrophy not evident by visual inspection. It may also be useful to assess the degree of improvement of celiac. Patients on a gluten-free diet, the main treatment method for stopping the autoimmune process and improving the state of the small intestinal villi. The novelty of the work is that the algorithm uses two modified filters to properly analyse the intestine wall texture. It is proved that using the right filters, the proper diagnostic can be obtained by image processing, without the use of a complicated machine learning algorithm.


Assuntos
Endoscopia por Cápsula , Doença Celíaca , Algoritmos , Inteligência Artificial , Endoscopia por Cápsula/métodos , Doença Celíaca/patologia , Humanos , Mucosa Intestinal/patologia , Aprendizado de Máquina
13.
Medicina (Kaunas) ; 58(3)2022 Mar 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35334573

RESUMO

Background and Objectives: Capsule endoscopy (CE) for bowel cleanliness evaluation primarily depends on subjective methods. To objectively evaluate bowel cleanliness, we focused on artificial intelligence (AI)-based assessments. We aimed to generate a large segmentation dataset from CE images and verify its quality using a convolutional neural network (CNN)-based algorithm. Materials and Methods: Images were extracted and divided into 10 stages according to the clean regions in a CE video. Each image was classified into three classes (clean, dark, and floats/bubbles) or two classes (clean and non-clean). Using this semantic segmentation dataset, a CNN training was performed with 169 videos, and a clean region (visualization scale (VS)) formula was developed. Then, measuring mean intersection over union (mIoU), Dice index, and clean mucosal predictions were performed. The VS performance was tested using 10 videos. Results: A total of 10,033 frames of the semantic segmentation dataset were constructed from 179 patients. The 3-class and 2-class semantic segmentation's testing performance was 0.7716 mIoU (range: 0.7031-0.8071), 0.8627 Dice index (range: 0.7846-0.8891), and 0.8927 mIoU (range: 0.8562-0.9330), 0.9457 Dice index (range: 0.9225-0.9654), respectively. In addition, the 3-class and 2-class clean mucosal prediction accuracy was 94.4% and 95.7%, respectively. The VS prediction performance for both 3-class and 2-class segmentation was almost identical to the ground truth. Conclusions: We established a semantic segmentation dataset spanning 10 stages uniformly from 179 patients. The prediction accuracy for clean mucosa was significantly high (above 94%). Our VS equation can approximately measure the region of clean mucosa. These results confirmed our dataset to be ideal for an accurate and quantitative assessment of AI-based bowel cleanliness.


Assuntos
Inteligência Artificial , Endoscopia por Cápsula , Endoscopia por Cápsula/métodos , Humanos , Membrana Mucosa , Redes Neurais de Computação , Semântica
15.
Dig Endosc ; 34 Suppl 2: 76-78, 2022 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35132684
16.
Surg Endosc ; 36(6): 4624-4630, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35102429

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Difficulties in establishing diagnosis of small bowel (SB) disorders, prevented their effective treatment. This problem was largely resolved by wireless capsule endoscopy (WCE), which has since become the first line investigation for suspected SB disorders. Several types of WCE pills are now used in clinical practice, despite their limitations and complications. WCE pills are large, rigid and immotile capsules. When swallowed, they provide SB enteroscopy downloaded to a data logger carried by the patient. Most of the complications of WCEs result from lack of intrinsic locomotion: incomplete examination, capsule retention and impaction within strictures. In addition, the rigid nature and size of current generation of WCE pills is accompanied by 0.1% inability to swallow the pill by patients with normal esophageal motility. METHODS: The aim of this communication is to describe the initial prototype, P1, which is thinner and slightly longer than the current generation of WCEs. In addition, it exhibits intrinsic active locomotion, produced by vibrating silicon legs. These generate a controlled-skid locomotion on the small bowel mucosal surface, rendered slippery by surface mucus and intraluminal surfactant bile salts. We demonstrate the mechanism responsible for the active locomotion of P1, which we consider translatable into a working prototype, suitable for further R&D for eventual clinical translation. RESULTS: The shape and attachment of the rubber vibrating legs to vibrating actuators, have been designed specifically to produce a tight clockwise circular motion. When inserted inside a circular tube in vitro of equivalent diameter to human small intestine, the intrinsic circular clockwise motion of P1 translates into a linear locomotion by the constraints imposed by the surrounding circular walls of SB and rest of the gastrointestinal tract. This design ensures device stability during transit, essential for imaging and targeting lesions encountered during the enteroscopy. We preformed two experiments: (i) transit of P1 through a phantom consisting of a segment of PVC tube placed on a horizontal surface and (ii) transit through a transparent slippery nylon sleeve insufflated with air. In the PVC tube, its transit rate averages 15.6 mm/s, which is too fast for endoscopy: whereas inside the very slippery nylon sleeve insufflated with air, the average transit rate of P1 is reduced to 5.9 mm/s, i.e., ideal for inspection endoscopy. CONCLUSIONS: These in-vitro experiments indicate that the P1 hybrid soft robot prototype has the potential specifically for clinical translation for SB enteroscopy.


Assuntos
Endoscopia por Cápsula , Enteropatias , Robótica , Humanos , Intestino Delgado/diagnóstico por imagem , Intestino Delgado/patologia , Nylons , Cloreto de Polivinila
17.
Med Image Anal ; 78: 102394, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35219939

RESUMO

Automatic segmentation of polyp regions in endoscope images is essential for the early diagnosis and surgical planning of colorectal cancer. Recently, deep learning-based approaches have achieved remarkable progress for polyp segmentation, but they are at the expense of laborious large-scale pixel-wise annotations. In addition, these models treat samples equally, which may cause unstable training due to polyp variability. To address these issues, we propose a novel Meta-Learning Mixup (MLMix) data augmentation method and a Confidence-Aware Resampling (CAR) strategy for polyp segmentation. MLMix adaptively learns the interpolation policy for mixup data in a data-driven way, thereby transferring the original soft mixup label to a reliable hard label and enriching the limited training dataset. Considering the difficulty of polyp image variability in segmentation, the CAR strategy is proposed to progressively select relatively confident images and pixels to facilitate the representation ability of model and ensure the stability of the training procedure. Moreover, the CAR strategy leverages class distribution prior knowledge and assigns different penalty coefficients for polyp and normal classes to rebalance the selected data distribution. The effectiveness of the proposed MLMix data augmentation method and CAR strategy is demonstrated through comprehensive experiments, and our proposed model achieves state-of-the-art performance with 87.450% dice on the EndoScene test set and 86.453% dice on the wireless capsule endoscopy (WCE) polyp dataset.


Assuntos
Endoscopia por Cápsula , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Humanos , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador/métodos
19.
BMJ Case Rep ; 15(1)2022 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35027388

RESUMO

A 77-year-old woman presented with obscure gastrointestinal bleeding requiring multiple hospitalisations and blood transfusions. The patient underwent repeated investigations over four hospital admissions across a span of two months. These included upper and lower gastrointestinal endoscopy, video capsule endoscopy as well as CT enterography, without definitive localisation or treatment of the source of bleeding. Finally, a technetium-99m-labelled red blood cell scan demonstrated a 'blush' at the proximal transverse colon on delayed imaging. Targeted colonoscopic evaluation showed a subcentimetre angiodysplastic lesion in the corresponding spot at the proximal transverse colon with slow persistent oozing. Endoscopic clips were applied with successful haemostasis. The patient recovered well without further symptom recurrence 5 months postdischarge. We review the literature on colonic angiodysplasias and discuss the diagnostic challenges in obscure gastrointestinal bleeding.


Assuntos
Angiodisplasia , Endoscopia por Cápsula , Assistência ao Convalescente , Idoso , Angiodisplasia/complicações , Angiodisplasia/diagnóstico , Endoscopia Gastrointestinal , Feminino , Hemorragia Gastrointestinal/etiologia , Humanos , Alta do Paciente
20.
Rev Med Liege ; 77(1): 25-31, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35029337

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The small-bowel capsule endoscopy (VCE) has been validated in the investigation of obscure gastrointestinal bleeding (OGIB). The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical impact of VCE for OGIB in routine practice, in terms of subsequent management and the risk of rebleeding. METHODS: Our retrospective study analyzed the VCE at the CHU of Liège from March 2016 to December 2019 (cohort of 110 patients with OGIB). RESULTS: We found a diagnostic yield of 58 %, a change in therapeutic attitude in 39 % of patients and a recurrence rate of 22.5 % (out of 102 patients followed at 2 years). The rate of rebleeding was particularly low in patients with normal VCE and in those for whom a therapeutic modification was made. Finally, about 45 % of patients did not have any change in therapeutic attitude nor recurrence. CONCLUSION: VCE leads to a therapeutic modification in about 40 % of patients with a low risk of relapse. However, VCE could be avoided in some patients as evidenced by a subgroup representing 45 % of patients for whom there was no therapeutic modification nor recurrence.


introduction et but : La vidéocapsule endoscopique grêle (VCE) est validée dans l'exploration des saignements digestifs inexpliqués (OGIB). Le but de notre travail a été d'évaluer l'impact clinique de la réalisation d'une VCE pour OGIB en pratique courante, en termes de prise en charge ultérieure et de risque de récidive du saignement. Méthodes : Notre étude rétrospective a analysé les VCE réalisées au CHU de Liège de mars 2016 à décembre 2019. Résultats : Les VCE de 110 patients ont été rétrospectivement analysées. Nous avons observé un pouvoir diagnostique de 58 % et une modification d'attitude thérapeutique chez 39 % des patients. Le taux de récidive (pour les 102 patients dont le suivi était disponible à maximum 2 ans) était de 22,5 %. Le taux de récidive de saignement était particulièrement faible chez les patients avec VCE normale et chez ceux pour lesquels une modification thérapeutique a été faite. Enfin, environ 45 % des patients n'ont pas eu de modification de l'attitude thérapeutique ni de récidive. Conclusions : La VCE débouche sur une modification thérapeutique chez environ 40 % des patients avec, dans la foulée, un faible risque de récidive. Par contre, la VCE pourrait être évitée chez certains patients comme en témoigne un sous-groupe représentant 45 % des patients pour lesquels il n'y a eu ni modification thérapeutique ni rechute.


Assuntos
Endoscopia por Cápsula , Endoscopia Gastrointestinal , Hemorragia Gastrointestinal/diagnóstico , Humanos , Intestino Delgado/diagnóstico por imagem , Recidiva , Estudos Retrospectivos
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