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1.
Food Chem ; 370: 131051, 2022 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34530345

RESUMO

The comparison of non-caloric sweeteners (stevia and sucralose) and sucrose, on the plasma concentration and cumulative effects of phenolic compounds, was achieved. A long-term intervention, consisting of the daily intake of 330 mL of healthy citrus-maqui soft drinks, for 60 days, by 138 healthy overweight adults, was followed. A total of 24 bioavailable metabolites derived from caffeic acid, 3,4-di-hydroxyphenylacetic acid, eriodictyol, homoeriodictyol, hippuric acid, naringenin, 2,4,6-tri-hydroxybenzaldehyde, and vanillic acid were detected in peripheral blood plasma. A similar augment of bioactive compounds in plasma concentrations were found for the three beverages, in the range 12.3% (day 0)- 85.3% (day 60), depending on the analyte considered. Due to this, the present study highlights sucralose and stevia as valuable alternatives to sucrose, providing and non-significantly different plasma concentration and cumulative effect in the plasma, thus contributing to prevent a diversity of metabolic disorders and health constraints.


Assuntos
Stevia , Edulcorantes , Bebidas , Disponibilidade Biológica , Bebidas Gaseificadas , Polifenóis , Sacarose/análogos & derivados
2.
Multimedia | Recursos Multimídia | ID: multimedia-9411

RESUMO

A Organização das Nações Unidas para a Alimentação e a Agricultura (FAO), em parceria com a Organização Pan-Americana da Saúde/Organização Mundial de Saúde (OPAS/OMS), Ministério da Saúde, por meio da Coordenação-Geral de Alimentação e Nutrição do Departamento de Promoção da Saúde e do Instituto Nacional do Câncer (INCA), e Ministério da Agricultura, Pecuária e Abastecimento (MAPA), promove o evento online de lançamento da agenda de trabalho do Ano Internacional das Frutas, Legumes e Verduras no Brasil. A live acontece na quinta-feira, 01/07, das 16h30 às 18h00 (horário de Brasília) e tem como objetivo proporcionar um amplo debate sobre o tema e mobilizar os gestores públicos e profissionais envolvidos com a temática, de forma a reconhecer os desafios e oportunidades locais para a ampliação do acesso e consumo de FLV considerando a estreita relação com melhores condições de saúde e nutrição da população.


Assuntos
Alimentos Integrais , Dieta Saudável/economia , Comportamento Alimentar , Estilo de Vida Saudável , Promoção da Saúde , Brasil , COVID-19 , Bebidas Gaseificadas/normas , Guias Alimentares , Alimentos Industrializados , Agenda de Prioridades em Saúde , Doenças não Transmissíveis/prevenção & controle , Política Nutricional , Segurança Alimentar
3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34639714

RESUMO

This study explores the association between soft-drink intake and obesity, depression, and subjective health status in male and female adults. Soft-drink consumption has become a serious public health issue worldwide. Participants of this study were selected (n = 3086) from the respondents in the Seventh Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2016 and divided into the non-soft-drink group (men, 502; women, 1117) and the soft-drink group (men, 684; women, 783). Soft-drink intake data were obtained, using a validated quantitative food frequency questionnaire and the 24 h dietary recall. Total energy intake and fat density were significantly higher, but the nutrient densities of carbohydrate, total dietary fiber, and micronutrients were significantly lower in the soft-drink group than in the non-soft-drink group. In men, soft-drink intake was found to be significantly associated with a lower risk of depression. Conversely, in women, soft-drink intake was found to be significantly associated with the higher risks of depression, obesity, and poor subjective health status. Therefore, less frequent soft-drink intake may prevent obesity and depression in Korean women.


Assuntos
Depressão , Autoavaliação Diagnóstica , Adulto , Bebidas Gaseificadas , Estudos Transversais , Depressão/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Inquéritos Nutricionais , Obesidade/epidemiologia
4.
Nutrients ; 13(9)2021 Aug 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34578795

RESUMO

Coffee is one of the most popular and consumed beverages worldwide, and caffeine is its best-known component, present also in many other beverages (tea, soft drinks, energy drinks), foodstuffs (cocoa, chocolate, guarana), sport supplements and even medicines [...].


Assuntos
Cafeína/administração & dosagem , Café , Nível de Saúde , Bebidas , Bebidas Gaseificadas , Estimulantes do Sistema Nervoso Central/administração & dosagem , Chocolate , Bebidas Energéticas , Humanos , Chá
5.
Nutrients ; 13(9)2021 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34578989

RESUMO

Inflammation plays a role in development of diabetic complications. The postprandial state has been linked to chronic low grade inflammation. We therefore aimed to investigate the acute effects of fructose loading, with and without a pizza, on metabolic and inflammatory markers in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) (n = 7) and in healthy subjects (HS) (n = 6), age 47-76 years. Drinks consumed were blueberry drink (18 g fructose), Coca-Cola (17.5 g fructose), and fructose drink (35 g fructose). The levels of glucose, insulin, insulin-like growth factor binding protein-1 (IGFBP-1) and inflammatory markers: Interleukin-6 (IL-6), Monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1), Interleukin-18 (IL-18), Intercellular Adhesion Molecule 1 (ICAM-1), vascular cell adhesion molecule 1 (VCAM-1), and bacterial lipopolysaccharides (LPS) were analyzed in blood. The postprandial responses were assessed using Wilcoxon's matched-pairs test, Friedman's ANOVA and Mann-Whitney U test. There was no difference in baseline levels of inflammatory markers between the groups. In T2D, MCP-1 decreased following blueberry drink and Coca-Cola (p = 0.02), Coca-Cola + pizza and fructose + pizza (p = 0.03). In HS, IL-6 increased following blueberry + pizza and fructose + pizza (p = 0.03), there was a decrease in MCP-1 following blueberry drink and Coca-Cola (p = 0.03), and in ICAM-1 following blueberry + pizza (p = 0.03). These results may indicate a role for MCP-1 as a link between postprandial state and diabetes complications, however further mechanistic studies on larger population of patients with T2D are needed for confirmation of these results.


Assuntos
Frutose/efeitos adversos , Inflamação/induzido quimicamente , Idoso , Biomarcadores/sangue , Glicemia/análise , Bebidas Gaseificadas/efeitos adversos , Quimiocina CCL2/sangue , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/metabolismo , Feminino , Frutose/administração & dosagem , Sucos de Frutas e Vegetais , Humanos , Inflamação/sangue , Insulina/sangue , Molécula 1 de Adesão Intercelular/sangue , Interleucina-18/sangue , Interleucina-6/sangue , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Projetos Piloto , Molécula 1 de Adesão de Célula Vascular/sangue
6.
BMJ Open ; 11(9): e051677, 2021 09 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34561262

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To determine whether public acceptability, in terms of both support for and perceived effectiveness of, the UK Soft Drinks Industry Levy (SDIL) changed between 4 months prior to, and 8 and 20 months after, implementation. DESIGN: Repeat cross-sectional online survey. SETTING: The UK. PARTICIPANTS: UK respondents to the International Food Policy Study aged 18-64 years who provided information on all variables of interest in November-December 2017 (4 months prior to SDIL implementation), 2018 (8 months after) or 2019 (20 months after; n=10 284). OUTCOME MEASURES: Self-reported support for, and perceived effectiveness of, the SDIL. RESULTS: The adjusted logistic regression model predicted that 70% (95% CI: 68% to 72%) of participants supported the SDIL in 2017, 68% (95% CI: 67% to 70%) in 2018 and 68% (95% CI: 66% to 70%) in 2019. There was no evidence of a difference in support in 2018 vs 2017 (OR: 0.93; 95% CI: 0.81 to 1.05); or in 2019 vs 2017 (OR: 0.90; 95% CI: 0.78 to 1.03). The adjusted logistic regression model predicted that 72% (95% CI: 70% to 74%) of participants perceived the SDIL to be effective in 2017, 67% (95% CI: 65% to 69%) in 2018 and 67% (95% CI: 64% to 69%) in 2019. There was evidence that perceived effectiveness decreased a small amount in 2018 vs 2017 (OR: 0.78; 95% CI: 0.69 to 0.88). The difference in 2019 vs 2017 was similar. CONCLUSIONS: We found high support for the SDIL among UK adults and this did not change between 4 months before implementation and 8 or 20 months after. While perceived effectiveness remained high, there was evidence that this decreased slightly after implementation in 2018, but no further in 2019. Greater understanding of influences on public acceptability of effective structural public health interventions is required.


Assuntos
Bebidas Gaseificadas , Impostos , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Política Nutricional , Reino Unido
7.
PLoS One ; 16(8): e0255100, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34339421

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Despite the growing public awareness of the adverse health effects of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB) consumption in Mexico, little is known about the population's intention to reduce SSB consumption and the social value of interventions to accomplish such behavioral change. Therefore, the objective of this study was to assess the willingness to pay (WTP) for an intervention that reduces soda consumption by half in Mexico. METHODS: We applied contingent valuation methods in a sample of 471 Mexican adults from a cohort study. We assessed the relative value of benefits by providing incremental information to participants in three scenarios: soda consumption reduction, + health benefits, + social benefits. To estimate factors associated with the WTP, we ran an interval regression. RESULTS: 87% of respondents reported they would like to reduce SSB consumption. High soda consumption, intention to reduce soda consumption and higher household income are associated with higher WTP. We found that the WTP increases as additional benefits are provided. The WTP, as a proportion of income, is higher for the lowest income level. CONCLUSION: The average WTP per person may be seen as the minimum amount the country should invest on interventions to reduce soda consumption.


Assuntos
Bebidas Gaseificadas/economia , Renda , Adulto , Idoso , Características da Família , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , México , Análise de Regressão
8.
Int J Infect Dis ; 111: 28-30, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34418566

RESUMO

With reasonably good specificity and sensitivity, the speed and convenience of COVID-19 antigen tests have led to self-testing in schools, offices, and universities in the European Union (EU). Although self-testing can be beneficial and increase the accessibility to testing, there are potential ways to confound a positive COVID-19 lateral flow test. We observed that all soft drinks, energy drinks, alcoholic beverages (vodka, whiskey, and brandy), commercially bottled mineral water, and carbonated mineral water caused the appearance of a red test line. However, when equal volumes of the buffer and the respective beverages are mixed, there are no false-positive test lines. Deceitful methods may easily lead to misuse of COVID-19 antigen rapid tests and lead to false-positive results; however, this does not prove that these tests are unreliable when performed correctly.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Antígenos Virais , Teste para COVID-19 , Bebidas Gaseificadas , Humanos , SARS-CoV-2 , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
9.
Nutrients ; 13(7)2021 Jul 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34371927

RESUMO

The availability, purchase and consumption of foods high in fat, sugars and salt and low in fibre are linked to the high health and economic burden of noncommunicable diseases, including cancer, in Europe. Therefore, assessing the quality of the food offer is key as feedback to decision makers, as well as to identify good practices and areas of the food supply still requiring urgent action. We combined detailed market share and sales data with nutrition composition data to evaluate the nutritional quality of 14 packaged food and soft drinks categories sold across 22 European countries over the 2015-2018 period. Our analysis shows great variability of the nutritional composition within and among packaged food and soft drinks categories across European countries. Our estimates of the market-share weighted mean, a measure that integrates possible changes in nutrient content with the amount of a product sold to consumers, as well as daily per capita nutrient sale estimates, suggest a small but statistically significant progress in certain food categories only. Overall, the amounts of sugars, saturated fat, salt and fibre being sold to European citizens through these products is not improving to an extent to meet public health objectives.


Assuntos
Bebidas Gaseificadas , Comércio/tendências , Gorduras na Dieta/análise , Fibras na Dieta/análise , Açúcares da Dieta/análise , Embalagem de Alimentos/tendências , Abastecimento de Alimentos , Cloreto de Sódio na Dieta/análise , Bebidas Gaseificadas/economia , Comércio/economia , Comportamento do Consumidor , Gorduras na Dieta/economia , Fibras na Dieta/economia , Açúcares da Dieta/economia , Europa (Continente) , Comportamento Alimentar , Embalagem de Alimentos/economia , Abastecimento de Alimentos/economia , Humanos , Valor Nutritivo , Recomendações Nutricionais/tendências , Cloreto de Sódio na Dieta/economia , Fatores de Tempo
10.
Analyst ; 146(18): 5601-5609, 2021 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34378566

RESUMO

Drug-Facilitated Sexual Assault (DFSA) is a problem of considerable dimensions on a global scale. Among the different compounds used in DFSA assaults, 4-hydroxybutyric acid (GHB) is one of the most elusive due to its physical and biological characteristics. Therefore, the development of real-time detection methods to detect GHB not only in drinks but also in urine is very important for personal and social security. Here, we report two new heteroditopic chemosensors capable of recognizing and detecting GHB in soft drinks, alcoholic beverages and synthetic urine. The compounds have two moieties: a trifluoroacetyl group and a thiourea, which are able to interact respectively with the hydroxyl and the carboxylic groups present in the GHB structure. In addition, the distance between these two groups has been optimized to allow a double interaction which guarantees the recognition even in very competitive media such as beverages or urine samples.


Assuntos
Oxibato de Sódio , Bebidas Alcoólicas/análise , Bebidas/análise , Bebidas Gaseificadas , Hidroxibutiratos/análise
11.
BMJ Glob Health ; 6(8)2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34413076

RESUMO

Mexico is the largest soft drink market in the world, with high rates of obesity and type 2 diabetes. Due to strains on the nation's productivity and healthcare spending, Mexican lawmakers implemented one of the world's first public health taxes on sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) in 2014. Because Mexico's tax was designed to reduce SSB consumption, it faced strong opposition from transnational food and beverage corporations. We analysed previously secret internal industry documents from major corporations in the University of California San Francisco's Food Industry Documents Archive that shed light on the industry response to the Mexican soda tax. We also reviewed all available studies of the Mexican soda tax's effectiveness, contrasting the results of industry-funded and non-industry-funded studies. We found that food and beverage industry trade organisations and front groups paid scientists to produce research suggesting that the tax failed to achieve health benefits while harming the economy. These results were disseminated before non-industry-funded studies could be finalized in peer review. Mexico still provided a real-world context for the first independent peer-reviewed studies documenting the effectiveness of soda taxation-studies that were ultimately promoted by the global health community. We conclude that the case of the Mexican soda tax shows that industry resistance can persist well after new policies have become law as vested interests seek to roll back legislation, and to stall or prevent policy diffusion. It also underscores the decisive role that conflict-of-interest-free, peer-reviewed research can play in implementing health policy innovations.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Impostos , Bebidas , Bebidas Gaseificadas , Política de Saúde , Humanos , México
12.
Bone ; 153: 116149, 2021 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34390887

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Forearm fractures are frequent in children. It is important to identify predisposing factors for increased fracture risk. This retrospective analysis aimed to investigate the correlation between forearm fractures in children and co-factors such as age, TV consumption, consumption of soft drinks, the kind of soft drinks consumed as well as physical activity in daily life and BMI. METHODS: This retrospective cohort analysis compared 355 participants at the age of 4 to 12 between 2017 and 2018 with and without forearm fractures in children. It was based on a questionnaire to assess the above-mentioned cofactors regarding behavior and lifestyles choices and aimed to identify whether or not these lead to an increased risk of forearm fractures. For statistical analysis logistic regression was used. RESULTS: Logistic regression showed a significant effect on forearm fractures in children for the variables age (Odds ratio 3.3 [95% confidence interval 1.5-7.3], P = .003), TV consumption (Odds ratio 5.4 [95% confidence interval 2.5-22.6], P < .001), consumption of soft drinks (Odds ratio 2.6 [95% confidence interval 1.2-5.6], P = .013), and the kind of soft drinks consumed (Odds ratio 3.1 [95% confidence interval 1.5-6.3], P = .003), [Nagelkerkes-R2 = 0.458; Chi2 = 85.037; df = 6]) with a strong effect according to Cohen (f2 = 0.84). CONCLUSION: The study showed a significant correlation between TV and soft drink consumption and increased risk for forearm fractures in children. TV consumption and consumption of soft drinks should be reduced in children to prevent forearm fractures.


Assuntos
Bebidas Gaseificadas , Antebraço , Criança , Estudos de Coortes , Humanos , Estilo de Vida , Estudos Retrospectivos
13.
Health Econ ; 30(11): 2701-2721, 2021 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34369039

RESUMO

Using cross-sectional survey data from Indonesia from 2007 and 2014, this study estimates the effect of the number of available television channels during childhood on food consumption later in life with a focus on unhealthy food items. To address endogeneity of television signal strength, I exploit exogenous variations in television signal quality due to random diffractions caused by topography within a small area. Using an instrumental variables approach the results suggest that exposure to television during youth of the household head has a positive effect on household-level snack and soft drink expenditures. At the individual level I document more frequent consumption of soft drinks. Additional analysis suggests that households shift their consumption basket at the expense of vegetables and staples. Finally, heterogeneous effects analysis imply that results are driven by young individuals who are younger than 24 years old.


Assuntos
Lanches , Televisão , Adolescente , Adulto , Bebidas Gaseificadas , Estudos Transversais , Comportamento Alimentar , Alimentos , Humanos , Indonésia , Adulto Jovem
14.
Diabetes Res Clin Pract ; 178: 108943, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34245795

RESUMO

In this observational study, we assessed the association between use of non-nutritive-sweetened soft drink (NNSSD) and risk of gestational diabetes (GDM) in 376 pregnant women consecutively screened for GDM, observing that NNSSD consumption is common among pregnant women and is associated with an increased risk of GDM, independently from traditional risk factors.


Assuntos
Diabetes Gestacional , Bebidas Gaseificadas , Diabetes Gestacional/epidemiologia , Diabetes Gestacional/etiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez , Fatores de Risco
15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34299750

RESUMO

This cross-sectional study aimed to investigate the association between hyperuricemia and the frequency of coffee, tea, and soft drink consumption, based on data from the Korean Genome and Epidemiology Study (KoGES) (2004-2016). We used the KoGES health examinee data, obtained from urban residents aged ≥ 40 years. Information on the participants' medical history, nutrition (total calorie, protein, fat, and carbohydrate intake), frequency of alcohol consumption, smoking status, household income, and frequency of coffee/green tea/soft drink intake was collected. A logistic regression model was used to analyze the data. Subgroup analyses were performed according to the participant's age and sex. Among 173,209 participants, there were 11,750 and 156,002 individuals with hyperuricemia and non-hyperuricemia controls, respectively. In an adjusted model, frequent coffee and green tea consumption did not increase the risk of hyperuricemia, compared to the "no intake" reference group. However, an adjusted odds ratio of hyperuricemia was 1.23 (95% confidence interval, 1.11-1.35, p < 0.001) for participants who reported consuming soft drinks ≥ 3 times per day, compared to the respective "no drink" reference group. Even after adjusting for nutritional and sociodemographic factors, frequent soft drink intake was associated with an increased risk of hyperuricemia. Meanwhile, neither coffee nor green tea intake was associated with an increased risk of hyperuricemia.


Assuntos
Café , Hiperuricemia , Bebidas Gaseificadas/efeitos adversos , Café/efeitos adversos , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Hiperuricemia/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco , Chá
16.
Nutrients ; 13(7)2021 Jun 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34199062

RESUMO

The contribution and impact of beverage intake to total nutrient and energy intake may be substantial. Given the link between lifestyle, diet, and the risk of pregnancy complications, this study investigated the association between the quantity and types of beverages with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) risk. The study included 452 women from the Seremban Cohort Study (SECOST). The mean energy by beverage intake was 273 ± 23.83 kcal/day (pre-pregnancy), 349 ± 69.46 kcal/day (first trimester) and 361 ± 64.24 kcal/day (second trimester). Women significantly increased intake of maternal milks and malted drinks, but significantly reduced the intake of carbonated drinks and other drinks from before until the second trimester of pregnancy. For chocolate drinks, carbonated drinks, and soy milk, women increased intake from pre-conception to the first trimester, but reduced their intake from the first to the second trimester. While higher intake of cultured-milk drinks was associated with an increased risk of GDM, higher fruit juice intake was associated with a lower risk of GDM. However, these associations were only observed for intake prior to pregnancy and during the first trimester. Further research is needed to corroborate these findings and investigate the contributions of different beverages to overall diet quality as well as adverse health outcomes during pregnancy.


Assuntos
Bebidas/efeitos adversos , Diabetes Gestacional , Animais , Bebidas Gaseificadas , Estudos de Coortes , Dieta , Ingestão de Líquidos , Ingestão de Energia , Comportamento Alimentar , Feminino , Frutas , Humanos , Leite , Gravidez , Fatores de Risco
17.
Nutrients ; 13(7)2021 Jun 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34199124

RESUMO

The impact of habitual diet on chronic diseases has not been extensively characterized in South America. We aimed to identify major dietary patterns (DP) in an adult cohort in Uruguay (Genotype Phenotype and Environment of Hypertension Study-GEFA-HT-UY) and to assess associations with metabolic, anthropometric characteristics, and cardiovascular and kidney phenotypes. In a cross-sectional study (n = 294), DP were derived by the principal component analysis. Blood and urine parameters, anthropometrics, blood pressure, pulse wave velocity, and glomerular filtration rate were measured. Multivariable adjusted linear models and adjusted binary logistic regression were used. Three DP were identified (Meat, Prudent, Cereal and Mate) explaining 22.6% of total variance in food intake. The traditional Meat DP, characterized by red and barbecued meat, processed meat, bread, and soft drinks, was associated with worse blood lipid profile. Prudent DP, characterized by vegetables, fish, and nuts, and lower loads for bread and crackers, was associated with reduced risk of vitamin D deficiency. Cereal and Mate DP, was characterized by higher loads of cereals, bread, and crackers, and mate infusion, with higher odds of excessive body weight. No direct associations of dietary patterns with hypertension, arterial stiffness, chronic kidney disease, and nephrolithiasis were found in the studied population, nor by age categories or sex.


Assuntos
Sistema Cardiovascular , Dieta , Rim , Fenótipo , Adulto , Antropometria , Pressão Sanguínea , Bebidas Gaseificadas , Estudos Transversais , Grão Comestível , Comportamento Alimentar , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão , Masculino , Carne , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Análise de Onda de Pulso , América do Sul , Verduras
18.
Nutrients ; 13(6)2021 Jun 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34207087

RESUMO

Caffeine is the most common psychoactive substance available to adults, as well as to children and adolescents. The safety of its use in younger age groups requires further research. The aim of this study was to evaluate caffeine intake, to identify products and drinks that are the main sources of caffeine intake in the diet of the subjects and the risk of excessive caffeine intake with the diet of adolescents, stratified by gender. A cross-sectional study was conducted among 508 adolescents aged 16-18 years from southern Poland. Black tea, cola-based soft drinks and milk chocolate were the most frequently consumed products containing caffeine in the diet of the examined persons. The average caffeine intake was 95.54 mg/day (1.54 mg/kg b.w.). In 12.2% of the subjects the dose of 3 mg/kg b.w./day was exceeded, and in over 41.3% the dose causing sleep disorders was exceeded. The dose causing anxiety was also exceeded in 18.1% of the respondents, significantly more often in girls than boys (p = 0.0487).


Assuntos
Cafeína/análise , Café , Dieta , Ingestão de Alimentos , Adolescente , Bebidas/análise , Bebidas Gaseificadas/análise , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Homens , Polônia , Medição de Risco , Chá/anatomia & histologia , Mulheres
19.
Shokuhin Eiseigaku Zasshi ; 62(3): 100-104, 2021.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34219097

RESUMO

A microwave digestion method for the analysis of tin, arsenic and lead in soft drinks was studied and its performance was evaluated. The trueness, repeatability (RSD) and Intralaboratory reproducibility (RSD) of the method were estimated to be in the ranges of 93-100, 0.7-6.1 and 0.9-8.6%, respectively. In the preparation of the samples for tin analysis, the addition of sulfuric acid after microwave digestion improved the recovery rate and reproducibility. To verify the applicability of this method, recovery tests were conducted on five types of soft drinks, and the results were satisfactory. It was confirmed that this method is applicable to the digestion of a wide range of soft drinks and to the analysis of tin, arsenic, and lead, and that it reduces working time and makes the work easier compared to the conventional method.


Assuntos
Arsênio , Arsênio/análise , Bebidas Gaseificadas , Digestão , Micro-Ondas , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estanho
20.
Nutrients ; 13(6)2021 Jun 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34204927

RESUMO

This study examined the effects of parental feeding practices and adolescent emotional eating (EE) on dietary outcomes among overweight African American adolescents. Based on Family Systems Theory, it was hypothesized that parental feeding practices, such as parental monitoring and responsibility, would buffer the effects of EE on poor dietary quality, whereas practices such as concern about a child's weight, restriction, and pressure-to-eat would exacerbate this relationship. Adolescents (N = 127; Mage = 12.83 ± 1.74; MBMI% = 96.61 ± 4.14) provided baseline data from the Families Improving Together (FIT) for Weight Loss trial and an ancillary study. Dietary outcomes (fruit and vegetables (F&Vs), energy intake, sweetened beverage, total fat, and saturated fat) were assessed using random 24-h dietary recalls. Validated surveys were used to assess adolescent-reported EE and parental feeding practices. Results demonstrated a significant interaction between EE and parental monitoring (adjusted analyses; B = 0.524, SE = 0.176, p = 0.004), restriction (B = -0.331, SE = 0.162, p = 0.043), and concern (B = -0.602, SE = 0.171, p = 0.001) on F&V intake; under high monitoring, low restriction, and low concern, EE was positively associated with F&V intake. There were no significant effects for the other dietary outcomes. These findings indicate that parental feeding practices and EE may be important factors to consider for dietary interventions, specifically for F&V intake, among overweight African American adolescents.


Assuntos
Afro-Americanos/estatística & dados numéricos , Ingestão de Alimentos , Comportamento Alimentar , Pais/psicologia , Obesidade Pediátrica/etiologia , Adolescente , Afro-Americanos/psicologia , Bebidas Gaseificadas , Criança , Ingestão de Alimentos/etnologia , Ingestão de Alimentos/psicologia , Emoções , Ingestão de Energia , Comportamento Alimentar/etnologia , Comportamento Alimentar/psicologia , Feminino , Frutas , Humanos , Masculino , Obesidade Pediátrica/etnologia , Obesidade Pediátrica/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Verduras
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