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1.
JAMA Netw Open ; 7(7): e2420218, 2024 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38985474

RESUMO

Importance: Handheld phone use while driving is a major factor in vehicle crashes. Scalable interventions are needed to encourage drivers not to use their phones. Objective: To test whether interventions involving social comparison feedback and/or financial incentives can reduce drivers' handheld phone use. Design, Setting, and Participants: In a randomized clinical trial, interventions were administered nationwide in the US via a mobile application in the context of a usage-based insurance program (Snapshot Mobile application). Customers were eligible to be invited to participate in the study if enrolled in the usage-based insurance program for 30 to 70 days. The study was conducted from May 13 to June 30, 2019. Analysis was completed December 22, 2023. Interventions: Participants were randomly assigned to 1 of 6 trial arms for a 7-week intervention period: (1) control; (2) feedback, with weekly push notification about their handheld phone use compared with that of similar others; (3) standard incentive, with a maximum $50 award at the end of the intervention based on how their handheld phone use compared with similar others; (4) standard incentive plus feedback, combining interventions of arms 2 and 3; (5) reframed incentive plus feedback, with a maximum $7.15 award each week, framed as participant's to lose; and (6) doubled reframed incentive plus feedback, a maximum $14.29 weekly loss-framed award. Main Outcome and Measure: Proportion of drive time engaged in handheld phone use in seconds per hour (s/h) of driving. Analyses were conducted with the intention-to-treat approach. Results: Of 17 663 customers invited by email to participate, 2109 opted in and were randomized. A total of 2020 drivers finished the intervention period (68.0% female; median age, 30 [IQR, 25-39] years). Median baseline handheld phone use was 216 (IQR, 72-480) s/h. Relative to control, feedback and standard incentive participants did not reduce their handheld phone use. Standard incentive plus feedback participants reduced their use by -38 (95% CI, -69 to -8) s/h (P = .045); reframed incentive plus feedback participants reduced their use by -56 (95% CI, -87 to -26) s/h (P < .001); and doubled reframed incentive plus feedback participants reduced their use by -42 s/h (95% CI, -72 to -13 s/h; P = .007). The 5 active treatment arms did not differ significantly from each other. Conclusions and Relevance: In this randomized clinical trial, providing social comparison feedback plus incentives reduced handheld phone use while individuals were driving. Trial Registration: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03833219.


Assuntos
Condução de Veículo , Motivação , Humanos , Feminino , Masculino , Adulto , Condução de Veículo/psicologia , Condução de Veículo/estatística & dados numéricos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Uso do Telefone Celular/estatística & dados numéricos , Aplicativos Móveis , Retroalimentação , Estados Unidos
2.
J Safety Res ; 89: 299-305, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38858053

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Driver distraction from handheld cellphone use contributes to fatal crashes every year but is underreported in terms of the proportion of crashes attributed to any distraction or cellphone use specifically. Existing methods to estimate the prevalence of cellphone distractions are also limited (e.g., observing drivers stopped at intersections, when crash risk is low). Our study used data from Cambridge Mobile Telematics to estimate the prevalence of drivers' handheld calls and cellphone manipulation while driving, with "cellphone motion" based on movement recorded by the phones' gyroscopes used as a surrogate for manipulation. METHOD: We compared the telematics measures with the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration's roadside observations of driver electronic device use, and logistic regression tested relationships between regional, legislative, and temporal factors and the odds of cellphone behaviors occurring on a trip or at a given point in time. RESULTS: Results showed 3.5% of trips included at least one handheld phone call and 33.3% included at least an instance of cellphone motion, with handheld calls occurring during 0.78% of overall trip duration and cellphone motion during 2.4% of trip duration. CONCLUSIONS: Correspondence between trends in cellphone distractions across regional, legislative, and temporal factors suggest telematics data have considerable utility and appear to complement existing datasets.


Assuntos
Direção Distraída , Humanos , Direção Distraída/estatística & dados numéricos , Telefone Celular/estatística & dados numéricos , Acidentes de Trânsito/estatística & dados numéricos , Prevalência , Uso do Telefone Celular/estatística & dados numéricos , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , Condução de Veículo/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino
3.
J Behav Addict ; 13(2): 525-541, 2024 Jun 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38905005

RESUMO

Objective: The present study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of a mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) intervention in reducing problematic mobile phone use, depression, and sleep disorders among adolescents. Additionally, it sought to investigate whether the decrease in problematic mobile phone use acted as a mediator in the relationship between the MBCT intervention and adolescent depression and sleep disorders. Methods: In a randomized controlled trial, a total of 104 adolescents were randomly assigned to the mindfulness group (n = 52) or the wait-list control group (n = 52). The mindfulness group students completed eight 45-min sessions of mindfulness training in four weeks. The outcomes were measured at baseline, postintervention, and at the 2-month follow-up. Results: Compared with the control group, the mindfulness group had significantly greater levels of mindfulness and lower levels of problematic mobile phone use, depression, and sleep disorders postintervention. The intervention effects were maintained at the 2-month follow-up. In addition, decreased problematic mobile phone use significantly mediated the association between the MBCT intervention and decreased depression and decreased sleep disorders. Conclusion: The findings suggest that MBCT could improve adolescent depression and sleep disorders and that decreasing problematic mobile phone use is an effective pathway accounting for the MBCT intervention effect on adolescent depression and sleep disorders.


Assuntos
Depressão , Atenção Plena , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília , Humanos , Atenção Plena/métodos , Adolescente , Masculino , Feminino , Depressão/terapia , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/terapia , Uso do Telefone Celular , Resultado do Tratamento , Seguimentos , Terapia Cognitivo-Comportamental/métodos , Comportamento do Adolescente/fisiologia
4.
Traffic Inj Prev ; 25(6): 788-794, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38860880

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Distracted driving is a leading cause of motor vehicle crashes, and cell phone use is a major source of in-vehicle distraction. Many states in the United States have enacted cell phone use laws to regulate drivers' cell phone use behavior to enhance traffic safety. Numerous studies have examined the effects of such laws on drivers' cell phone use behavior based on self-reported and roadside observational data. However, little was known about who actually violated the laws at the enforcement level. This study sought to uncover the demographic characteristics of drivers cited for cell phone use while driving and whether these characteristics changed over time since the enactment of cell phone laws. METHODS: We acquired useable traffic citation data for 7 states in the United States from 2010 to 2020 and performed descriptive and regression analyses. RESULTS: Male drivers were cited more for cell phone use while driving. Handheld and texting bans were associated with a greater proportion of cited drivers aged 40 and above, compared to texting-only bans. Trends in the citations issued based on drivers' age group following the enactment of different cell phone laws were also uncovered. The proportion of citations issued to drivers aged 60 and above increased over time but the temporal trend remained insignificant when population effect was considered. CONCLUSIONS: This study examined the demographic characteristics of drivers cited for cell phone use while driving in selected states with texting-only bans or handheld and texting bans. The results reveal policy-based differences in trends in the proportion of citations issued to drivers in different age groups.


Assuntos
Uso do Telefone Celular , Direção Distraída , Humanos , Estados Unidos , Masculino , Adulto , Uso do Telefone Celular/estatística & dados numéricos , Uso do Telefone Celular/tendências , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Feminino , Adulto Jovem , Direção Distraída/estatística & dados numéricos , Direção Distraída/tendências , Adolescente , Idoso , Condução de Veículo/legislação & jurisprudência , Condução de Veículo/estatística & dados numéricos , Acidentes de Trânsito/estatística & dados numéricos , Acidentes de Trânsito/tendências , Telefone Celular/estatística & dados numéricos , Telefone Celular/tendências
5.
J Behav Addict ; 13(2): 554-564, 2024 Jun 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38829707

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the rates of problematic mobile phone use (PMPU) and chronotypes in young adults, and examine the associations of PMPU with chronotypes, as well as its gender differences. Furthermore, we explored the moderating role of PER3 gene DNA methylation on the associations. Methods: From April to May 2019, a total of 1,179 young adults were selected from 2 universities in Anhui and Jiangxi provinces. The Self-rating Questionnaire for Adolescent Problematic Mobile Phone Use (SQAPMPU) and reduced Morningness-Eveningness Questionnaire (rMEQ) were adopted to investigate PMPU and chronotypes in young adults, respectively. Moreover, 744 blood samples were collected to measure PER3 gene DNA methylation. Multivariate logistic regression models were established to analyze the associations between PMPU and chronotypes. Moderating analysis was used to determine whether PER3 gene DNA methylation moderated the relationships between PMPU and chronotypes. Results: The prevalence of PMPU, morning chronotypes (M-types), neutral chronotypes (N-types), and evening chronotypes (E-types) of young adults were 24.6%, 18.4%, 71.1%, and 10.5%, respectively. Multivariate logistic regression results indicated that PMPU was positively correlated with E-types (OR = 3.53, 95%CI: 2.08-6.00), and the association was observed only in females after stratified by gender (OR = 5.36, 95%CI: 2.70-10.67). Furthermore, PER3 gene DNA methylation has a negative moderating role between PMPU and chronotypes and has a sex-based difference. Conclusions: This study can provide valuable information for the prevention and control of circadian rhythm disturbance among young adults from the perspective of epidemiology and biological etiology.


Assuntos
Uso do Telefone Celular , Metilação de DNA , Proteínas Circadianas Period , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto Jovem , Proteínas Circadianas Period/genética , China/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Uso do Telefone Celular/estatística & dados numéricos , Fatores Sexuais , Ritmo Circadiano/fisiologia , Cronotipo , População do Leste Asiático
7.
Epidemiology ; 35(4): 437-446, 2024 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38771708

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The largest case-control study (Interphone study) investigating glioma risk related to mobile phone use showed a J-shaped relationship with reduced relative risks for moderate use and a 40% increased relative risk among the 10% heaviest regular mobile phone users, using a categorical risk model based on deciles of lifetime duration of use among ever regular users. METHODS: We conducted Monte Carlo simulations examining whether the reported estimates are compatible with an assumption of no effect of mobile phone use on glioma risk when the various forms of biases present in the Interphone study are accounted for. Four scenarios of sources of error in self-reported mobile phone use were considered, along with selection bias. Input parameters used for simulations were those obtained from Interphone validation studies on reporting accuracy and from using a nonresponse questionnaire. RESULTS: We found that the scenario simultaneously modeling systematic and random reporting errors produced a J-shaped relationship perfectly compatible with the observed relationship from the main Interphone study with a simulated spurious increased relative risk among heaviest users (odds ratio = 1.91) compared with never regular users. The main determinant for producing this J shape was higher reporting error variance in cases compared with controls, as observed in the validation studies. Selection bias contributed to the reduced risks as well. CONCLUSIONS: Some uncertainty remains, but the evidence from the present simulation study shifts the overall assessment to making it less likely that heavy mobile phone use is causally related to an increased glioma risk.


Assuntos
Glioma , Método de Monte Carlo , Humanos , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Glioma/epidemiologia , Glioma/etiologia , Viés de Seleção , Rememoração Mental , Medição de Risco , Simulação por Computador , Neoplasias Encefálicas/epidemiologia , Telefone Celular/estatística & dados numéricos , Uso do Telefone Celular/estatística & dados numéricos , Uso do Telefone Celular/efeitos adversos , Masculino , Feminino , Risco , Adulto
8.
Accid Anal Prev ; 202: 107538, 2024 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38703589

RESUMO

Using mobile phones while riding is a form of distracted riding that significantly elevates crash risk. Regrettably, the factors contributing to mobile phone use while riding (MPUWR) among food delivery riders remain under-researched. Addressing this literature gap, the current study employs the Job Demands-Resources (JD-R) model and various socio-economic factors to examine the determinants of MPUWR. The research incorporates data from 558 delivery workers in Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam. The study utilizes two analytical methods to empirically test the hypotheses, considering non-linear relationships between variables: Partial Least Square Structural Equation Modelling (PLS-SEM) and Artificial Neural Network (ANN). The results reveal mixed impacts of factors connected to job resources. Although social support appears to deter MPUWR, work autonomy and rewards seemingly encourage it. Furthermore, a predisposition towards risk-taking behaviour significantly impacts the frequency of mobile phone usage among delivery riders. Interestingly, riders with higher incomes and those who have previously been fined by the police exhibit more frequent mobile phone use. The findings of this study present valuable insights into the crucial factors to be addressed when designing interventions aimed at reducing phone use among food delivery riders.


Assuntos
Telefone Celular , Direção Distraída , Humanos , Masculino , Adulto , Feminino , Telefone Celular/estatística & dados numéricos , Vietnã , Direção Distraída/estatística & dados numéricos , Redes Neurais de Computação , Apoio Social , Análise de Classes Latentes , Assunção de Riscos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem , Análise dos Mínimos Quadrados , Uso do Telefone Celular/estatística & dados numéricos , Restaurantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Fatores Socioeconômicos
9.
Aten. prim. (Barc., Ed. impr.) ; 56(4): [102855], Abr. 2024. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-231754

RESUMO

Objetivo: Analizar el uso particular de los smartphones entre los profesionales sanitarios de Atención Primaria durante el acto asistencial y sus consecuencias. Diseño: Estudio multicéntrico, transversal en un entorno de atención primaria, realizado en 3 fases: encuesta a profesionales, checklist de profesionales y encuesta a pacientes. Participantes: Profesionales sanitarios de atención primaria de la Gerencia Territorial de Atención Primaria de Barcelona (encuesta online) y profesionales sanitarios (checklist) y pacientes (encuesta a los pacientes) de 2equipos de Atención Primaria de Barcelona ciudad. Mediciones principales: Análisis descriptivo bivariado de las variables de las distintas encuestas. Utilización del teléfono móvil en la consulta, tiempo, motivo, tipo de uso y percepción de adecuación. Características de las interrupciones. Resultados: En relación con los pacientes, un 31% considera que el profesional sanitario solo debe consultar el teléfono móvil si es para resolver algún aspecto de su motivo de consulta y un 10% lo considera una falta de respeto. El 18% de los pacientes describen interrupciones, siendo la mayoría de entre 10 y 30 s de duración y considerándolas en su mayoría evitables. En relación con los profesionales, la mayoría (96%) afirma tener el teléfono móvil en la consulta y de manera silenciada (77%), y reconociendo solo el 2% su uso en presencia del paciente, lo que contrasta con lo descrito por los pacientes. Además, el 80% de los profesionales afirman pedir permiso para utilizarlo, contrastando con lo que refieren los pacientes (50%). El 85% de los profesionales consideran su uso como adecuado...(AU)


Objective: To analyze the particular use of smartphones among Primary Care Health professionals during the care act and its consequences. Design: Multicenter, cross-sectional study in a primary care setting, carried out in 3phases: survey of professionals, checklist of professionals and survey of patients. Participants: Primary Care Health professionals from the Territorial Primary Care Management of Barcelona (online survey) and health professionals (checklist) and patients (patient survey) from 2primary care teams in Barcelona city. Main measurements: Bivariate descriptive analysis of the variables from the different surveys. Use of the mobile phone in the consultation, time, reason, type of use and perception of appropriateness. Characteristics of interruptions. Results: In relation to patients, 31% consider that the health professional should only consult the mobile phone if it is to resolve some aspect of their reason for consultation and 10% consider it a lack of respect. Eighteen percent of patients describe interruptions, the majority lasting between 10 and 30s and considering them mostly avoidable. In relation to professionals, the majority (96%) claim to have their mobile phone in the consultation and on mute (77%), with only 2% recognizing its use in the presence of the patient, which is in line with what the patients describe. Furthermore, 80% of professionals say they ask permission to use it, contrasting with what patients report (50%). Eighty-five percent of professionals consider its use appropriate. Conclusions: The use of mobile phones is perceived by patients as an interruption that can affect the care act, generating dissatisfaction, which must be taken into account by health professionals. Healthcare organizations should establish recommendations regarding the use of mobile phones in consultations.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Tecnologia da Informação , Atenção Primária à Saúde , Pessoal de Saúde , Smartphone , Uso do Telefone Celular
10.
Psicol. conduct ; 32(1): 203-219, Abr 1, 2024. ilus, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-232229

RESUMO

Los objetivos de esta investigación son: 1) crear un instrumento válido y fiable que permita evaluar la percepción del riesgo que tienen del uso de la tecnología (móvil, Internet y videojuegos) niños y adolescentes; y 2) analizar la frecuencia con la que se dan algunas conductas de riesgo en función de la percepción, el uso de la tecnología y la edad. 807 niños y adolescentes de la provincia de Córdoba (España) respondieron una batería ad hoc que recoge información sobre datos sociodemográficos; uso problemático del móvil, internet y videojuegos; y percepción de riesgo con la “Escala de percepción del riesgo del uso de la tecnología para niños y adolescentes” (EPRUT). Los resultados indican que a partir del análisis factorial, la EPRUT cuenta con tres dimensiones que hacen referencia al móvil, Internet y videojuegos. Se han observado diferencias en función de la edad y la percepción de riesgo. Evaluar la percepción del riesgo favorecerá la detección y el desarrollo de programas de prevención de uso de la tecnología en niños y adolescentes.(AU)


The aim of this work is 1) to create a valid, reliable instrument with which toevaluate the risk perception of children and adolescents regarding their use oftechnology (cell phones, Internet, and video games); and 2) to analyze thefrequency with which some risk behaviors occur in relation to perception,technology use and age. 807 children and adolescents from the province ofCordoba (Spain) answered an ad hoc questionnaire with several instruments:sociodemographic data; problematic use of cell phones, Internet, and video games;and risk perception with the Scale on Risk Perception of Technology Use forchildren and adolescents (SRPTU). The results obtained from the factor analysisreveal that the RPSTU has three dimensions, related to cell phones, Internet, andvideo games, respectively. Differences were observed in the relationship betweenage and risk perception, with older people having the highest risk perception.Assessing risk perception will favor the detection and development of preventionprograms for the use of technology in children and adolescents.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Adolescente , Jogos de Vídeo , Psicometria , Uso do Telefone Celular , Internet , Dieta , Psicologia da Criança , Psicologia do Adolescente , Comportamento do Adolescente
11.
Addict Behav ; 155: 108026, 2024 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38593598

RESUMO

Social anxiety is a common comorbid factor of problematic mobile phone use, but the relationship between them from the inside structure has been underexplored. This two-wave longitudinal study aims to identify the central symptoms of problematic mobile phone use and social anxiety, respectively, as well as the bridge symptoms between the two disorders. Furthermore, this study examined the time and gender differences. A total of 3,294 Chinese adolescents were recruited during two waves (T1: January 2023; T2: August 2023), and completed the questionnaires of social anxiety and problematic mobile phone use. Through network analysis, the results showed that 1) the central symptom of problematic mobile phone use was "loss of control" both at T1 and T2, 2) the central symptom of social anxiety was "fear of negative evaluation" both at T1 and T2, and 3) the bridge symptom between social anxiety and problematic mobile phone use was "withdrawal" both at T1 and T2. Moreover, the network comparison test indicated that the nodes of social anxiety were more strongly associated with "craving", "loss of control", and "negative life consequences" of problematic mobile phone use at T2 than at T1. The nodes of social anxiety were more strongly associated with "negative life consequences" of problematic mobile phone use for boys than for girls, while the "fear of negative evaluation" was more strongly associated with "loss of control" for girls than for boys. These findings provide new scientific basis for interventions targeting adolescents who are susceptible to social anxiety and problematic mobile phone use.


Assuntos
Ansiedade , Uso do Telefone Celular , Humanos , Adolescente , Masculino , Feminino , Estudos Longitudinais , China/epidemiologia , Uso do Telefone Celular/estatística & dados numéricos , Ansiedade/psicologia , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Fatores Sexuais , Telefone Celular/estatística & dados numéricos , Comportamento do Adolescente/psicologia , Comportamento Aditivo/psicologia , Comportamento Aditivo/epidemiologia , População do Leste Asiático
12.
PLoS One ; 19(4): e0298553, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38568926

RESUMO

The pervasive use of social media has raised concerns about its potential detrimental effects on physical and mental health. Others have demonstrated a relationship between social media use and anxiety, depression, and psychosocial stress. In light of these studies, we examined physiological indicators of stress (heart rate to measure autonomic nervous system activation and cortisol to assess activity of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis) associated with social media use and investigated possible moderating influences of sex, age, and psychological parameters. We collected physiological data from 59 subjects ranging in age from 13 to 55 across two cell phone treatments: social media use and a pre-selected YouTube playlist. Heart rate was measured using arm-band heart rate monitors before and during cell phone treatments, and saliva was collected for later cortisol analysis (by enzyme immunoassay) before and after each of the two cell phone treatments. To disentangle the effects of cell phone treatment from order of treatment, we used a crossover design in which participants were randomized to treatment order. Our study uncovered a significant period effect suggesting that both heart rate and cortisol decreased over the duration of our experiment, irrespective of the type of cell phone activity or the order of treatments. There was no indication that age, sex, habits of social media use, or psychometric parameters moderated the physiological response to cell phone activities. Our data suggest that 20-minute bouts of social media use or YouTube viewing do not elicit a physiological stress response.


Assuntos
Uso do Telefone Celular , Mídias Sociais , Humanos , Frequência Cardíaca/fisiologia , Hidrocortisona/metabolismo , Sistema Hipotálamo-Hipofisário/metabolismo , Sistema Hipófise-Suprarrenal/metabolismo , Saliva/metabolismo , Estresse Fisiológico , Estresse Psicológico/psicologia , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
15.
Environ Int ; 185: 108552, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38458118

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Each new generation of mobile phone technology has triggered discussions about potential carcinogenicity from exposure to radiofrequency electromagnetic fields (RF-EMF). Available evidence has been insufficient to conclude about long-term and heavy mobile phone use, limited by differential recall and selection bias, or crude exposure assessment. The Cohort Study on Mobile Phones and Health (COSMOS) was specifically designed to overcome these shortcomings. METHODS: We recruited participants in Denmark, Finland, the Netherlands, Sweden, and the UK 2007-2012. The baseline questionnaire assessed lifetime history of mobile phone use. Participants were followed through population-based cancer registers to identify glioma, meningioma, and acoustic neuroma cases during follow-up. Non-differential exposure misclassification was reduced by adjusting estimates of mobile phone call-time through regression calibration methods based on self-reported data and objective operator-recorded information at baseline. Hazard ratios (HR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) for glioma, meningioma, and acoustic neuroma in relation to lifetime history of mobile phone use were estimated with Cox regression models with attained age as the underlying time-scale, adjusted for country, sex, educational level, and marital status. RESULTS: 264,574 participants accrued 1,836,479 person-years. During a median follow-up of 7.12 years, 149 glioma, 89 meningioma, and 29 incident cases of acoustic neuroma were diagnosed. The adjusted HR per 100 regression-calibrated cumulative hours of mobile phone call-time was 1.00 (95 % CI 0.98-1.02) for glioma, 1.01 (95 % CI 0.96-1.06) for meningioma, and 1.02 (95 % CI 0.99-1.06) for acoustic neuroma. For glioma, the HR for ≥ 1908 regression-calibrated cumulative hours (90th percentile cut-point) was 1.07 (95 % CI 0.62-1.86). Over 15 years of mobile phone use was not associated with an increased tumour risk; for glioma the HR was 0.97 (95 % CI 0.62-1.52). CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that the cumulative amount of mobile phone use is not associated with the risk of developing glioma, meningioma, or acoustic neuroma.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Encefálicas , Uso do Telefone Celular , Telefone Celular , Glioma , Neoplasias Meníngeas , Meningioma , Neuroma Acústico , Humanos , Meningioma/epidemiologia , Meningioma/etiologia , Estudos de Coortes , Neuroma Acústico/epidemiologia , Neuroma Acústico/etiologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Neoplasias Encefálicas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Encefálicas/etiologia , Glioma/epidemiologia , Glioma/etiologia , Campos Eletromagnéticos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Estudos de Casos e Controles
16.
J Behav Addict ; 13(1): 66-75, 2024 Mar 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38459979

RESUMO

Background and objectives: Work addiction (WA), characterized by dimensions such as overcommitment, difficulties in detachment from work, and work-life imbalance, is presumed to be associated with increased smartphone usage, even during risky activities like driving. The study investigated the connection between WA and future problematic and hazardous smartphone use, considering personality factors: anxiety, rumination, and worry. Methods: A three-wave longitudinal study (N = 1,866) was conducted from March to July 2019, June to September 2020, and June to November 2021, involving a representative sample of 18-34-year-old residents in Hungary's capital. The study employed Hungarian versions of the Bergen Work Addiction Scale, Problematic Mobile Phone Use Questionnaire, Ruminative Response Scale, Anxiety subscale of the Brief Symptom Inventory 18, and Penn-State Worry Questionnaire. Additionally, author-developed questions on mobile phone use while driving were included. Results: At baseline, those at risk for WA showed more frequent mobile phone use while driving at both time points 2 and 3 compared to the non-risk group. Path analyses revealed rumination, anxiety at time 1, and worry at time 2 as significant mediators between baseline WA and mobile phone use while driving at time 3. However, when analyzing all three mediators together, only anxiety at time 1 and worry at time 2 remained significant. Discussion and conclusion: This study demonstrates that WA predicts future mobile phone use while driving through mediation by anxiety and worry. Our findings add to the growing evidence highlighting the detrimental aspects of WA, emphasizing the need for improved prevention and treatment strategies.


Assuntos
Uso do Telefone Celular , Telefone Celular , Humanos , Adulto Jovem , Adolescente , Adulto , Estudos Longitudinais , Ansiedade , Transtornos de Ansiedade , Smartphone
17.
PLoS One ; 19(3): e0300158, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38446800

RESUMO

Mobile phone use while driving (MPUWD) is a significant concern due to its negative impact on road safety. This cross-sectional study aimed to assess different types of MPUWD and identify factors influencing intention and behavior among drivers in Zahedan. A total of 392 participants provided information on demographic and driving characteristics, as well as constructs derived from the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) augmented with moral norms. Findings revealed that a majority of drivers (86.4%) engaged in MPUWD, primarily involving calling, using applications, and texting. However, most participants did not intend to use their phones while driving in the following week. Multiple regression analysis identified age, receiving driving fines, subjective norm, and perceived behavior control as significant predictors of intention for MPUWD. Additionally, factors such as age, receiving driving fines, driving hours, car gearbox type, attitude, perceived behavior control, behavioral intention, and moral norm were significant predictors of actual MPUWD. Older participants demonstrated better behavior in various mobile phone activities while driving. Overall, the study emphasized that the main TPB constructs and moral norms have a greater influence compared to other variables in predicting MPUWD. Perceived behavioral control was the most important predictor of the intention and behavior of MPUWD. Understanding these factors can guide efforts to discourage MPUWD through targeted interventions and strategies to promote safer driving practices.


Assuntos
Uso do Telefone Celular , Intenção , Humanos , Uso do Telefone Celular/efeitos adversos , Estudos Transversais , Teoria do Comportamento Planejado , Controle Comportamental
18.
PeerJ ; 12: e16899, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38410804

RESUMO

Introduction: Technological advancements have the potential to enhance people's quality of life, but their misuse can have a detrimental impact on safety. A notable example is the escalating issue of distracted driving resulting from the use of mobile phones behind the wheel, leading to severe crashes and injuries. Despite these concerns, both drivers' usage patterns and their risk-related associations remain scarcely documented in Mexico. Therefore, this descriptive study aimed to examine the mobile phone usage of Mexican drivers, its relationships to risk awareness and near-miss/crash involvement, and the self-reported underlying reasons for this behavior. Methods: This cross-sectional study utilized a sample of 1,353 licensed Mexican drivers who took part in a nationwide series of interviews regarding their onboard phone use settings. Results: A significant percentage of drivers (96.8%) recognize using a mobile phone while driving as high-risk behavior. However, only 7.4% reported completely avoiding its use while driving, with 22.4% identified as high-frequency users. Frequency was also found positively associated with the self-reported rate of near-misses and crashes. Furthermore, qualitative data analysis highlights the emergence of a 'sense of urgency' to attend to phone-related tasks in response to daily demands and life dynamics, offering a potential explanation for this behavior. Conclusion: The results of this study suggest common patterns of onboard mobile use among Mexican drivers concerning driving situations and associated risks. This underscores the need for increased efforts to discourage onboard phone use in the country.


Assuntos
Condução de Veículo , Uso do Telefone Celular , Humanos , Autorrelato , Acidentes de Trânsito , Estudos Transversais , México/epidemiologia , Qualidade de Vida
20.
Environ Res ; 248: 118290, 2024 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38280529

RESUMO

Headache is a common condition with a substantial burden of disease worldwide. Concerns have been raised over the potential impact of long-term mobile phone use on headache due to radiofrequency electromagnetic fields (RF-EMFs). We explored prospectively the association between mobile phone use at baseline (2009-2012) and headache at follow-up (2015-2018) by analysing pooled data consisting of the Dutch and UK cohorts of the Cohort Study of Mobile Phone Use and Health (COSMOS) (N = 78,437). Frequency of headache, migraine, and information on mobile phone use, including use of hands-free devices and frequency of texting, were self-reported. We collected objective operator data to obtain regression calibrated estimates of voice call duration. In the model mutually adjusted for call-time and text messaging, participants in the high category of call-time showed an adjusted odds ratio (OR) of 1.04 (95 % CI: 0.94-1.15), with no clear trend of reporting headache with increasing call-time. However, we found an increased risk of weekly headache (OR = 1.40, 95 % CI: 1.25-1.56) in the high category of text messaging, with a clear increase in reporting headache with increasing texting. Due to the negligible exposure to RF-EMFs from texting, our results suggest that mechanisms other than RF-EMFs are responsible for the increased risk of headache that we found among mobile phone users.


Assuntos
Uso do Telefone Celular , Telefone Celular , Humanos , Estudos de Coortes , Países Baixos , Ondas de Rádio , Campos Eletromagnéticos , Cefaleia , Reino Unido
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