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1.
Am J Disaster Med ; 16(2): 135-146, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34392525

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The main objective was to evaluate the preparedness of senior centers (SCs) for active shooter (AS) events and test the hypothesis that most SCs were not organized to properly handle AS incidents. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study based on questionnaire with quantitative measures. SETTING: A questionnaire-based multistate survey of SC Directors (SCDs) of public and private SCs. PARTICIPANTS: SCs were included upon receipt of answers from SCDs to questionnaire-based survey, resulting in 139 SCs from Ohio, Pennsylvania, Michigan, Maryland, Indiana, Illinois, New York, and West Virginia. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: SCs, SCDs, and SCs' staff preparedness and vulnerability to an AS event. RESULTS: Over half (56 percent) of SCDs replied that their center was not prepared for an AS event. A significant (p < 0.01) association was found between the SCD's perception of being prepared and the availability of a formal AS preventive policy. The lack of panic buttons and surveillance cameras was significantly (p < 0.01) associated with the feeling of inability by SCDs to respond effectively to an AS event. Those SCDs who were confident about their AS preparedness felt significantly (p < 0.01) better prepared to respond to an AS incident. Personal interviews with content experts agreed that all SCDs should take steps to develop an official AS preparedness policy, but its implementation should be the direct responsibility of local policymakers and legislators. CONCLUSIONS: Most SDCs and SCs are unprepared for AS incidents. SCDs should review or develop specific recommendations and implement plans for a better preparedness of SCs and SCDs for AS events. Considering the inherent high vulnerability of older adults, there is an urgent need to have such AS policy in place.


Assuntos
Planejamento em Desastres , Centros Comunitários para Idosos , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , New York , Inquéritos e Questionários
2.
J Alzheimers Dis ; 82(2): 771-779, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34092634

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Latinx elders are underrepresented in dementia research. In a previous study we assessed research attitudes in urban minority elders and found a significant minority expressed neutral to negative attitudes relating to trust, safety, and personal responsibility to help research. OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of a composite intervention on attitudes toward research and research participation among elderly Latinx. The intervention was a collaboratively produced research participation video shown during presentations with our elderly community advisory board (CAB) as co-presenters. METHODS: The video was created by the ADRC and CAB. All senior center attendees were eligible to participate. Afterwards, the Research Attitudes Questionnaire (RAQ) and a brief questionnaire on the impact of the video were administered. Using Wilcoxon Rank Sum Tests, Chi Square, and OLS regressions, RAQ responses were compared to those from a historical cohort from similar centers. RESULTS: 74 in the "Historical Cohort 1" and 104 in "Intervention Cohort 2" were included. RAQ total score was higher in Cohort 2 than Cohort 1 (28.5 versus 26.1, p < 0.05) after controlling for age, education, and country of origin. In response to the question "Has the video influenced your willingness and interest to participate in research", 88.7%of the participants in Cohort 2 reported being "more" or "much more" interested in research. CONCLUSION: Tailoring community research recruitment programs to include relatable peers using novel recruitment techniques may have positive implications for improving enrollment of diverse elderly individuals in research.


Assuntos
Pesquisa Biomédica , Demência , Participação do Paciente , Seleção de Pacientes , Intervenção Psicossocial/métodos , Idoso , Atitude Frente a Saúde , Recursos Audiovisuais , Pesquisa Biomédica/ética , Pesquisa Biomédica/métodos , Diversidade Cultural , Demência/etnologia , Demência/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Participação do Paciente/métodos , Participação do Paciente/psicologia , Centros Comunitários para Idosos , Estados Unidos , População Urbana/estatística & dados numéricos
3.
J Gerontol Soc Work ; 64(8): 864-884, 2021 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34106039

RESUMO

Upon the outbreak of Covid-19, recommendations to cease all non-essential in person services were mandated across the United States to prevent transmission to non-infected individuals. As a result, approximately 96% of all senior centers in the United States were closed to in-person programming. Senior centers have had a long history of engaging older adults, maintaining community connections, enhancing social support and reducing social isolation. SAGE, the first publicly funded senior center for LGBT older adults in the US, serves a traditionally under-served population with a vast array of services and programs. This exploratory, cross-sectional study utilized an online survey to evaluate the experiences of 113 SAGE members after the Coronavirus pandemic closed their senior center. Participants reported a relatively easy adaptation to technology, steady participation in programs and services, satisfaction with virtual senior center programming and a stable sense of engagement with their peers. Higher levels of engagement with senior center programs was associated with stronger feelings of social support. Additionally, stronger perceptions of social support and participation in exercise and fitness programming were associated with higher life satisfaction and lower depression and anxiety. Implications and recommendations for other gerontological service providers are offered.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2 , Centros Comunitários para Idosos
4.
J Appl Gerontol ; 40(11): 1502-1510, 2021 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33648359

RESUMO

Senior centers must re-envision their programs to appeal to today's increasingly older and more diverse older adults. Using a purposeful aging framework, this study aims to inform senior center programming by capturing diverse older adults' perspectives on future goals, perceptions of aging, attitudes about senior centers, and experience with technology. Participants age 70 and older (N = 64) joined one of eight focus groups organized by race/ethnicity and preferred spoken language. Transcripts were coded using a grounded theory approach to identify perspectives in each domain. Across groups, shared perspectives included aspirations to make a difference, maintain health and independence, continue learning, and embrace positive perceptions of aging. However, both positive and negative attitudes about participating in senior centers and the effects of technology were presented. We discuss how to redesign senior center programming to meet members' proactive approach to aging and future goals, and facilitate more confidence with new technology.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento , Centros Comunitários para Idosos , Idoso , Atitude , Grupos Focais , Humanos
5.
Aging Ment Health ; 25(3): 445-452, 2021 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31799880

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We examined: 1. depression rates among senior center clients; and 2. the acceptability of a lay-delivered intervention for depression ("Do More, Feel Better") from the perspective of key stakeholders prior to its implementation. METHOD: We conducted cross-sectional surveys at four Seattle-area senior centers of 140 clients, 124 volunteers, and 12 administrators and staff. Client measures included the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) to determine depression severity, and items assessing depression treatment preferences. Following description of "Do More, Feel Better" as a lay-delivered intervention focused on increasing participation in rewarding activities, we used quantitative and qualitative items to assess acceptability to: 1. clients participating in; 2. volunteers administering; and 3. administrators and staff supporting the intervention. RESULTS: 25% of senior center clients (35/140) endorsed elevated depressive symptoms (PHQ-9 ≥ 10). 81% of clients (114/140) reported that they would consider participating in "Do More, Feel Better," and 59% percent of volunteers (73/123) expressed interest in learning how to assist others using the intervention. Administrators and staff reported high comfort levels with proposed volunteer training procedures, and they identified funding and staffing considerations as challenges to sustaining the intervention. CONCLUSION: Findings indicate high depression rates among senior center clients and support the acceptability of lay-delivered behavioral interventions for depression from a variety of stakeholders. Further investigation of the feasibility, effectiveness, and implementation of "Do More, Feel Better" is warranted, particularly in the context of a lack of health care professionals available to meet the mental health needs of older adults.


Assuntos
Depressão , Centros Comunitários para Idosos , Idoso , Terapia Comportamental , Estudos Transversais , Depressão/terapia , Humanos , Saúde Mental
7.
J Appl Gerontol ; 40(9): 985-996, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32401114

RESUMO

Purpose: Senior centers are focal points of services and programs. Study aims were to describe the frequency of and benefits of attending senior centers and nonmembers' reasons for nonattendance. Methods: A total of 597 senior center members and 298 community-residing nonmembers in New York City were interviewed. Males and age of 75+ years members were oversampled. Results: Mean days attended weekly = 3.00 days/week (SD = 1.71). Latinx seniors attended 1 day > White non-Latinx seniors. Seniors in poor/bad health attended .67 fewer days than seniors in excellent health. Almost all members (96.3%) reported benefiting from attendance. The most common benefits were socialization/making friends, educational programs, something to do, being with people like them, meals, and improved mental and physical health. Reasons nonmembers gave for nonattendance were too busy with social/leisure activities or work, not interested or do not need programs/services, do not want/need socialization, and members were older or more disabled than them. Conclusion: Implications for recruiting underserved and isolated seniors are discussed.


Assuntos
Atividades de Lazer , Centros Comunitários para Idosos , Idoso , Humanos , Masculino , Cidade de Nova Iorque , Comportamento Social
8.
J Appl Gerontol ; 40(4): 395-403, 2021 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32036726

RESUMO

Research shows that felt age among older adults is a good proxy for their current and future physical and mental health. Using both quantitative and qualitative interview data, we examined correlates of and self-reported reasons for felt age among 102 low-socioeconomic status (SES), non-Hispanic Black and Hispanic older adults who were members of a senior activity center. Fewer activities of daily living (ADL)/instrumental activities of daily living (IADL) impairments, more positive affect, and higher self-efficacy were associated with higher odds of feeling younger, while financial stress was associated with lower odds. The most common self-reported reasons for younger felt age were staying active, followed by good health, positive attitudes, exercise/dancing, independence, interpersonal/intimate relationships, faith/spirituality, volunteering, family, driving/traveling, and being of sound mind. Poor health, lack of energy, and limited ability to engage in activities were self-reported reasons for older felt age. Senior center programs that enable older adults to stay active and socially integrated may contribute to their well-being.


Assuntos
Atividades Cotidianas , Idoso , Humanos , Grupos Minoritários , Centros Comunitários para Idosos
9.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1147694

RESUMO

Objetivo: analisar a concepção de pessoas idosas sobre grupos de convivência. Método: estudo descritivo, exploratório, de abordagem qualitativa, tendo como colaboradores 16 pessoas idosas que frequentavam grupos de convivência. A coleta das informações se deu através da utilização da técnica do grupo focal. Os dados foram analisados e organizados a partir da técnica de Análise de Conteúdo Temática. Resultados: a visão acerca dos grupos de convivência esteve relacionada a criação de laços e vínculos relacionais, como um espaço capaz de promover saúde, bem estar e qualidade de vida, além de se tornar uma estratégia de se evitar a solidão. Por fim, destacam a importância do compartilhamento de sentimentos e experiências positivas. Conclusão: os idosos possuem uma concepção variada acerca dos grupos de convivência, destacou-se a importância desses espaços para ressignificar a velhice e favorecer a ressocialização da pessoa idosa promovendo um envelhecer bem sucedido e saudável


Objective: to analyze the conception of elderly people in groups of coexistence. Methods: descriptive, exploratory, qualitative approach, with 16 elderly people attending groups of coexistence. The information was collected through the use of the focal group technique. The data were analyzed and organized from the Thematic Content Analysis technique. Results: the vision about living groups was related to the creation of ties and relational ties, as a space capable of promoting health, well-being and quality of life, besides becoming a strategy to avoid loneliness. Finally, they emphasize the importance of sharing positive feelings and experiences. Conclusion: the elderly have a varied conception of living groups, emphasized the importance of these spaces to re-signify old age and favor the resocialization of the elderly person promoting a successful and healthy aging


Objetivo: analizar la concepción de ancianos sobre grupos de convivencia. Métodos: estudio descriptivo, exploratorio, de abordaje cualitativo, teniendo como colaboradores 16 personas ancianas que frecuentaban grupos de convivencia. La recolección de las informaciones se dio mediante la utilización de la técnica del grupo focal. Los datos fueron analizados y organizados a partir de la técnica de Análisis de Contenido Temático. Resultados: la visión sobre los grupos de convivencia estuvo relacionada con la creación de lazos y vínculos relacionales, como un espacio capaz de promover salud, bienestar y calidad de vida, además de convertirse en una estrategia para evitar la soledad. Por último, destacan la importancia del compartir sentimientos y experiencias positivas. Conclusión: los ancianos poseen una concepción variada acerca de los grupos de convivencia, se destacó la importancia de esos espacios para resignificar la vejez y favorecer la resocialización de la persona anciana promoviendo un envejecimiento exitoso y sano


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Idoso , Envelhecimento , Centros Comunitários para Idosos , Serviços de Saúde para Idosos , Adaptação Psicológica
10.
Rev. Pesqui. (Univ. Fed. Estado Rio J., Online) ; 13: 1075-1081, jan.-dez. 2021. tab
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1252951

RESUMO

Objetivo: analisar o comportamento sexual de idosos participantes de um centro de convivência. Método: estudo transversal, realizado com 91 idosos participantes de um centro de convivências em Tangará da Serra, Mato Grosso. A amostra foi de conveniência. A coleta de dados foi realizada em 2016, por meio de entrevista utilizando questionário estruturado. A análise foi descritiva. Resultados: 45,1%dos idosos têm vida sexual ativa, 95,1% têm desejo pelas práticas sexuais e 94,5% não faz uso de medidas preventivas para infecções sexualmente transmissíveis. A maioria referiu dificuldades no ato sexual (82,9%) sendo as mais prevalentes o ressecamento vaginal(29,4%), ejaculação precoce(17,6%) e problemas na ereção (11,8%). A maioria dos idosos citou conhecer as seguintes IST: HIV/AIDS (67%), gonorreia (41,8%), papiloma vírus humano (HPV) (27,5%) e sífilis (22,0%). Conclusão: Os idosos apresentam dificuldades no ato sexual, não usam preservativos, porém, têm desejo sexual. Há necessidade de implementar intervenções para promoção da saúde sexual na velhice


Objective: to analyze the sexual behavior of elderly people participating in a community center. Method: cross-sectional study, carried out with 91 elderly people participating in a community center in Tangará da Serra, Mato Grosso. The sample was of convenience. Data collection was carried out in 2016, through an interview using a structured questionnaire. The analysis was descriptive. Results: 45.1% of the elderly have an active sex life, 95.1% have a desire for sexual practices and 94.5% do not use preventive measures for sexually transmitted infections. Most reported difficulties in the sexual act (82.9%), the most prevalent being vaginal dryness (29.4%), premature ejaculation (17.6%) and problems with erection (11.8%). Most elderly people mentioned knowing the following STIs: HIV / AIDS (67%), gonorrhea (41.8%), human papilloma virus (HPV) (27.5%) and syphilis (22.0%). Conclusion: The elderly have difficulties in the sexual act, do not use condoms, however, they have sexual desire. There is a need to implement interventions to promote sexual health in old age


Objetivo: analizar el comportamiento sexual de personas mayores que participan en un centro comunitario. Método: estudio transversal, realizado con 91 adultos mayores en un centro comunitario de Tangará da Serra, Mato Grosso. La muestra fue de conveniencia. La recolección de datos se llevó a cabo en 2016, a través de una entrevista mediante un cuestionario estructurado. El análisis fue descriptivo. Resultados: el 45,1% de los adultos mayores tiene una vida sexual activa, el 95,1% tiene deseo de prácticas sexuales y el 94,5% no utiliza medidas preventivas para las infecciones de transmisión sexual. La mayoría refirió dificultades en el acto sexual (82,9%), siendo las más prevalentes la sequedad vaginal (29,4%), la eyaculación precoz (17,6%) y los problemas de erección (11,8%). La mayoría de los ancianos mencionó conocer las siguientes ITS: VIH / SIDA (67%), gonorrea (41,8%), virus del papiloma humano (VPH) (27,5%) y sífilis (22,0%). Conclusión: Los ancianos tienen dificultades en el acto sexual, no usan condón, sin embargo, tienen deseo sexual. Es necesario implementar intervenciones para promover la salud sexual en la vejez


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Comportamento Sexual/estatística & dados numéricos , Saúde do Idoso , Sexualidade/estatística & dados numéricos , Saúde Sexual/estatística & dados numéricos , Centros Comunitários para Idosos , Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis , Estudos Transversais
11.
BMC Geriatr ; 20(1): 134, 2020 04 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32293316

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Senior centers offer important opportunities for physical activity and social interaction. Seniors who visit a senior center regularly can gain physical activity from transportation and from specific activities offered within the senior center. However, there is very little knowledge regarding the specific physical activity gains obtained from regular visits to senior centers, and no effort has been made to use device-based measures of physical activity to test the potential physical activity benefits of attending a senior center. METHODS: To fill this gap, the present study examined the physical activity patterns of 227 seniors living in the Barcelona Metropolitan Area in Spain. Using GPS and Accelerometer 7-day tracking data, and GIS measures we assessed the light physical activity and moderate-to-vigorous intensity physical activity (MVPA) benefits of attending the senior center on a weekly and daily basis. RESULTS: Seniors who attended a senior center at least once a week did not accumulate significantly more daily physical activity (211.6 min; 95% CI 196.6; 226.6) than seniors without any visit 215.9 min; 95% CI 202.7; 229). However, on a day-to-day basis, it was found that visiting a senior center had positive effects in physical activity and was associated with less sedentary time among younger participants in general (- 18.2 daily min 95% CI - 33.2;-3.3 p = 0.016) and among older female participants in particular (- 19.7 daily min 95% CI -21.06;-18.5 p = 0.011). CONCLUSIONS: The benefits of attending senior centers in terms of physical activity should not be viewed as universal, but rather as contingent to the demographics of the user, and the type of activity that the visit is replacing.


Assuntos
Exercício Físico , Centros Comunitários para Idosos , Acelerometria , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Fatores Sexuais , Espanha , Transportes
12.
Rev Saude Publica ; 54: 07, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31967276

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) of older adults participating or not in Seniors Centers (SC). METHODS: Two independent samples were compared: older adults who participate in SC (n = 124) and older adults who visited Primary Healthcare Centers (PHC) and do not participate in SC (n = 164). The data collected consisted of sociodemographic (sex, age, educational level, marital status, family income) and psychosocial characteristics-Sense of Coherence (SOC), anxiety and depression using HADS, happiness-, and oral clinical evaluation-use and need of dental prosthesis and decayed (D), missing (M), or filled (F) teeth. The resulting OHRQoL was evaluated using the Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-14). The Mann-Whitney test was used to assess the associations between the independent variables and the OHIP-14. Poisson regression models were also used in the analyses (α=0.05). RESULTS: In the PHC, of the 270 individuals invited to participate in the study, 164 (60.7%) were interviewed and clinically examined; while in the SC, of the 166 individuals invited to participate in the study, 124 (74.7%) were interviewed and clinically examined. After adjustments for sociodemographic, psychosocial and clinical factors, we found that the impact on OHRQoL was 2.8 times higher (95%CI 2.0-4.2) for older adults who did not participate in SC. CONCLUSION: Older adults who participated in SC showed better perception on OHRQoL, independently of sociodemographic, psychosocial and clinical factors.


Assuntos
Saúde Bucal/estatística & dados numéricos , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Idoso , Brasil/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Prótese Dentária/psicologia , Prótese Dentária/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Distribuição de Poisson , Centros Comunitários para Idosos , Senso de Coerência , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Perda de Dente/epidemiologia , Perda de Dente/psicologia
13.
Health Educ Behav ; 47(1): 57-66, 2020 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31630566

RESUMO

Background. The National Council on Aging's Aging Mastery Program (AMP) aims to help older adults implement health behavior and lifestyle changes to promote healthy aging and social engagement. The purpose of the present community-partnered evaluation was to test the effectiveness of AMP implementation in Los Angeles County to improve participants' quality of life, global physical and mental health, and patient activation. Method. A modified randomized wait-list controlled trial design was used to examine experimental, quasi-experimental, and dose-response evidence in five senior centers. Participants completed questionnaires at baseline and after the 10-week intervention, self-reporting their overall quality of life, physical health, mental health, and patient activation. Results. Experimental, intention-to-treat analyses found AMP assignment did not affect any measured outcomes (n = 71). Quasi-experimental, "as treated" analyses (n = 106) controlling for study site and sociodemographic characteristics indicated that participants who attended AMP reported more positive changes in global mental health than the control group. Attending AMP was not associated with changes in quality of life, physical health, or patient activation. Dose-response analyses among AMP participants who attended at least one class (n = 75) found that attending more classes was not significantly associated with greater improvements in mental health. Conclusions. Experimental, intention-to-treat analyses did not support effectiveness of AMP on quality of life, physical or mental health, or patient activation; quasi-experimental analyses found attending AMP was associated with improvements in mental health. Recruitment challenges and participants' nonadherence with condition assignment decreased our ability to detect effects. https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT03342729?term=Aging+Mastery+Program&rank=1 .


Assuntos
Envelhecimento/psicologia , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Saúde Mental , Características de Residência , Centros Comunitários para Idosos , Interação Social , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Estilo de Vida , Los Angeles , Masculino , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia
14.
Gerodontology ; 37(2): 177-184, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31854018

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the mastication ability of elderly women by assessing the number of their remaining teeth, subjective mastication comfort, subjective chewing ability of five food items, relative occlusion balance and mastication performance involving in chewing gum. BACKGROUND: Korea has already entered an aged society, issues related to the elderly are also growing; for example, dementia is emerging as a social problem. In addition, oral health of the elderly is very important because it is directly related to nutrient intake. A total of 101 subjects aged ≥65 who attended senior citizen centres in Daegu city provided consent and were included in this study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Korean version of the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE-DS) was used to evaluate cognitive function. To assess the degree of objective mastication, we measured colour changes using a chewing gum and posterior occlusion force using a T-scan Ⅲ® system. RESULTS: There was an association between mastication ability and cognitive function, indicated by the colour changes in the chewing gum (P < .05). The participants with greater relative posterior occlusion forces had higher MMSE-DS scores than those with stronger relative anterior occlusion forces. There was a positive correlation between cognitive function and posterior occlusion force. CONCLUSION: The elderly having more occlusion force of posterior teeth rather than anterior teeth were associated with better cognitive ability. Therefore, it may be important for the elderly to restore the masticatory function for the posterior part to prevent against deterioration of cognitive function.


Assuntos
Demência , Centros Comunitários para Idosos , Idoso , Goma de Mascar , Feminino , Humanos , Mastigação , Prevalência , República da Coreia
15.
Foodborne Pathog Dis ; 17(5): 308-315, 2020 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31738586

RESUMO

Campylobacter spp. are a globally important cause of bacterial gastroenteritis, with Australia experiencing higher rates of illness than many comparable high-income countries. Despite the high disease incidence, outbreaks of campylobacteriosis in Australia are infrequently detected and reported. We examined the epidemiology of Campylobacter outbreaks in Australia, with particular emphasis on assessing transmission routes and evidence as reported during public health investigations. A national register of enteric and foodborne disease outbreaks was used to summarize data on all Campylobacter outbreaks reported in Australia between 2001 and 2016. Outbreak data were reviewed and analyzed for trends over time. Additional information was sought from state and territory epidemiologists, to validate transmission routes. A total of 84 Campylobacter outbreaks were reported, with 51 (61%) being classified as foodborne. Specific food vehicles were identified for 33 (65%) outbreaks, with 28 (85%) implicating chicken or chicken-containing dishes. Although no increase in the proportion of foodborne Campylobacter outbreaks was observed, examination of specific food vehicles demonstrated a significant increase in outbreaks because of poultry-liver containing foods (p = 0.04). One quarter of all 1042 outbreak-associated cases occurred in aged-care facilities (ACFs), including 17 associated hospitalizations and three deaths. After review of evidence data, 23 outbreaks (27%) were determined to have an unknown route of transmission, including 10 (43%) outbreaks occurring in ACFs. Campylobacter spp. remain a less commonly reported cause of gastroenteritis outbreaks in Australia. Although many reported outbreaks can be linked to foodborne transmission, over a quarter were unable to identify either a food vehicle or transmission source, particularly for outbreaks occurring in aged care. Increased efforts to improve evidence collection and understanding of transmission dynamics for outbreaks of campylobacteriosis, particularly in aged care, are required.


Assuntos
Infecções por Campylobacter/epidemiologia , Infecções por Campylobacter/transmissão , Campylobacter , Gastroenterite/epidemiologia , Animais , Austrália/epidemiologia , Galinhas , Surtos de Doenças , Contaminação de Alimentos , Microbiologia de Alimentos , Doenças Transmitidas por Alimentos/epidemiologia , Doenças Transmitidas por Alimentos/microbiologia , Gastroenterite/microbiologia , Hospitalização , Humanos , Aves Domésticas/microbiologia , Fatores de Risco , Centros Comunitários para Idosos
16.
J Appl Gerontol ; 39(6): 635-643, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29923445

RESUMO

The Institute of Medicine (IOM) suggests that linkages between primary care practices and community-based resources can improve health in lower income and minority patients, but examples of these are rare. We conducted a prospective, mixed-methods observational study to identify indicators of primary care-community linkage associated with the frequency of visits to community-based senior centers and improvements in diabetes-related outcomes among 149 new senior center members (72% Hispanic). We used semistructured interviews at baseline and 9-month follow-up, obtaining visit frequency from member software and clinical assessments including hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) from colocated primary care clinics. Members' discussion of their activities with their primary care providers (PCPs) was associated with increased visits to the senior centers, as well as diabetes-related improvements. Direct feedback from the senior centers to their PCPs was desired by the majority of members and may help to reinforce use of community resources for self-management support.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus/terapia , Atenção Primária à Saúde , Centros Comunitários para Idosos , Idoso , Gerenciamento Clínico , Hemoglobina A Glicada/análise , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Texas
18.
Rev. Pesqui. (Univ. Fed. Estado Rio J., Online) ; 12: 579-585, jan.-dez. 2020. graf
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1096762

RESUMO

Objetivo: analisar as produções científicas acerca da participação dos idosos integrantes de Centros de Convivência para Idosos e a influência destes na qualidade de vida dos participantes. Método: trata-se de uma revisão integrativa da literatura a partir dos descritores: centros de convivência para idosos, qualidade de vida, idoso, envelhecimento. Resultados: 45,4% avaliam a qualidade de vida dos idosos participantes dos grupos de convivência; 27,3% identificam a percepção dos idosos quanto aos grupos para sua qualidade de vida; e 27,3% discutem sobre a tendência de participação dos idosos em atividades desenvolvidas nos centros de convivência e quais os tipos de atividades. Conclusão: identificou-se, a predominância da qualidade de vida em senescentes participantes dos grupos de convivência para idosos e a satisfação positiva dos mesmos. Destaca-se a necessidade de avanços em relação às pesquisas acerca da qualidade de vida dos idosos integrantes de grupos de convivência bem como as atividades realizadas nestes


Objective: to analyze the scientific productions about the participation of the elderly members of Centers of Coexistence for the Elderly and their influence on the quality of life of the participants. Method: it is an integrative review of the literature from the descriptors: centers of coexistence for the elderly, quality of life, elderly, aging. Results: 45.4% evaluated the quality of life of the elderly participants of the coexistence groups; 27.3% identify the perception of the elderly regarding the groups for their quality of life; and 27.3% discuss the tendency of elderly people to participate in activities carried out in community centers and what types of activities. Conclusion: we identified the predominance of quality of life in senescent participants of the coexistence groups for the elderly and their positive satisfaction. It is important to emphasize the need for advances in relation to research on the quality of life of the elderly members of groups living together, as well as the activities carried out in these groups


Objetivo: analizar las producciones científicas acerca de la participación de los ancianos integrantes de Centros de Convivencia para los ancianos y su influencia en la calidad de vida de los participantes. Método: se trata de una revisión integrativa de la literatura a partir de los descriptores: centros de convivencia para ancianos, calidad de vida, anciano, envejecimiento. Resultados: 45,4% evalúan la calidad de vida de los ancianos participantes de los grupos de convivencia; El 27,3% identifica la percepción de los ancianos en cuanto a los grupos para su calidad de vida; y el 27,3% discute sobre la tendencia de participación de los ancianos en actividades desarrolladas en los centros de convivencia y cuáles son los tipos de actividades. Conclusión: se identificó, la predominancia de la calidad de vida en senescentes participantes de los grupos de convivencia para ancianos y la satisfacción positiva de los mismos. Se destaca la necesidad de avances en relación a las investigaciones acerca de la calidad de vida de los ancianos integrantes de grupos de convivencia así como las actividades realizadas en estos


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Qualidade de Vida , Envelhecimento , Saúde do Idoso , Centros Comunitários para Idosos/tendências
19.
Rev. saúde pública (Online) ; 54: 07, 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1058897

RESUMO

ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE This study evaluated the oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) of older adults participating or not in Seniors Centers (SC). METHODS Two independent samples were compared: older adults who participate in SC (n = 124) and older adults who visited Primary Healthcare Centers (PHC) and do not participate in SC (n = 164). The data collected consisted of sociodemographic (sex, age, educational level, marital status, family income) and psychosocial characteristics—Sense of Coherence (SOC), anxiety and depression using HADS, happiness—, and oral clinical evaluation—use and need of dental prosthesis and decayed (D), missing (M), or filled (F) teeth. The resulting OHRQoL was evaluated using the Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-14). The Mann-Whitney test was used to assess the associations between the independent variables and the OHIP-14. Poisson regression models were also used in the analyses (α=0.05). RESULTS In the PHC, of the 270 individuals invited to participate in the study, 164 (60.7%) were interviewed and clinically examined; while in the SC, of the 166 individuals invited to participate in the study, 124 (74.7%) were interviewed and clinically examined. After adjustments for sociodemographic, psychosocial and clinical factors, we found that the impact on OHRQoL was 2.8 times higher (95%CI 2.0-4.2) for older adults who did not participate in SC. CONCLUSION Older adults who participated in SC showed better perception on OHRQoL, independently of sociodemographic, psychosocial and clinical factors.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Idoso , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Saúde Bucal/estatística & dados numéricos , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Brasil/epidemiologia , Distribuição de Poisson , Estudos Transversais , Inquéritos e Questionários , Perda de Dente/psicologia , Perda de Dente/epidemiologia , Prótese Dentária/psicologia , Prótese Dentária/estatística & dados numéricos , Senso de Coerência , Centros Comunitários para Idosos , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
20.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1047897

RESUMO

Objetivo: apreender experiências de pessoas idosas que participam de grupos de convivência. Método: estudo descritivo, exploratório de abordagem qualitativa realizado com doze pessoas idosas que frequentam grupos de convivência em um município no interior da Bahia. A coleta dos dados foi realizada por meio de entrevista semiestruturada, dezembro de 2017 a fevereiro de 2018. Os dados foram analisados e interpretados conforme a análise de conteúdo temática proposta por Laurence Bardin. Resultados: após a análise emergiram seis categorias: melhoria na condição de saúde; evitar a solidão, fonte de suporte social; apoio e incentivo familiar; atividades aquáticas e dança. Conclusão: O estudo mostrou que a participação de pessoas idosas em grupos de convivência se mostra necessária, devido melhorias na qualidade de vida, na autoestima, na construção de vínculos e apoio social, no qual auxilia-as em todo o processo de envelhecimento


Objective: to learn the experiences of elderly people who participate in social groups. Method: a descriptive, exploratory study with a qualitative approach carried out with twelve elderly people who attend social groups in a municipality in the interior of Bahia. The data were collected through a semi structured interview, from December 2017 to February 2018. Data were analyzed and interpreted according to the thematic content analysis proposed by Laurence Bardin. Results: seven categories emerged after the analysis: improvement in health status; avoid loneliness, source of social support; family support and encouragement; water activities and dancing. Conclusion: The study showed that the participation of elderly people in social groups is necessary due to improvements in the quality of life, self-esteem, the forging of bonds and social support that help them throughout the aging process


Objetivo: aprehender experiencias de personas mayores que participan en centros de convivencia. Método: estudio descriptivo, exploratorio de abordaje cualitativo realizado con doce personas mayores que frecuentan grupos de convivencia en un municipio en el interior de Bahía. La recolección de los datos fue realizada por medio de una entrevista semiestructurada, diciembre de 2017 a febrero de 2018. Los datos fueron analizados e interpretados según el análisis de contenido temático propuesto por Laurence Bardin. Resultados: después del análisis emergieron siete categorías: mejora en la condición de salud; evitar la soledad, fuente de soporte social; apoyo y fomento de la familia; actividades acuáticas y danza. Conclusión: el estudio mostró que la participación de personas mayores en grupos de convivencia se muestra necesaria, debido a mejoras en la calidad de vida, en la autoestima, en la construcción de vínculos y apoyo social, en el que las auxilia en todo el proceso de envejecimiento


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Qualidade de Vida , Centros Comunitários para Idosos/tendências , Envelhecimento Saudável , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Serviços de Saúde para Idosos
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