Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 2.203
Filtrar
1.
World Neurosurg ; 187: 304-312, 2024 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38970201

RESUMO

Spontaneous spinal cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leaks are uncommon but can be neurologically debilitating. When initial treatments fail, definitive repair or closure of the leak is indicated. Depending upon the type of leak present, innovative strategies for their treatment have been developed. Among them are open surgical techniques using a transdural approach for the closure of ventral CSF leaks, minimally invasive tubular techniques for the reduction and repair of lateral meningeal diverticula, and endovascular embolization of CSF-venous fistulas. Illustrative cases demonstrating the indications for and implementation of these techniques are provided.


Assuntos
Vazamento de Líquido Cefalorraquidiano , Humanos , Vazamento de Líquido Cefalorraquidiano/cirurgia , Vazamento de Líquido Cefalorraquidiano/terapia , Embolização Terapêutica/métodos , Procedimentos Neurocirúrgicos/métodos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/métodos
2.
World Neurosurg ; 187: 288-293, 2024 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38970199

RESUMO

Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leaks may occur at the skull base or along the spinal column and can cause a variety of debilitating neurological symptoms for patients. Recognizing the potential presence of a CSF leak and then identifying its source are necessary for accurate diagnosis and definitive treatment. A standardized workflow can be followed for successful leak localization, which often requires several diagnostic studies, and for definitive leak treatment, which can range from minimally invasive, needle-based approaches to a variety of surgical corrections. This review paper provides an overview of epidemiology, pathophysiology, and diagnostic workup for CSF leaks and introduces available treatment options. An illustrative case of a skull base CSF leak demonstrating diagnosis and surgical correction is provided.


Assuntos
Vazamento de Líquido Cefalorraquidiano , Humanos , Vazamento de Líquido Cefalorraquidiano/terapia , Vazamento de Líquido Cefalorraquidiano/cirurgia , Vazamento de Líquido Cefalorraquidiano/diagnóstico , Vazamento de Líquido Cefalorraquidiano/diagnóstico por imagem , Base do Crânio/cirurgia , Base do Crânio/diagnóstico por imagem , Procedimentos Neurocirúrgicos/métodos
3.
World Neurosurg ; 187: 294-303, 2024 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38970200

RESUMO

The confirmation of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leaks in the setting of spontaneous intracranial hypotension (SIH) by imaging involves a growing toolset of multimodal advanced spinal and skull base imaging techniques, for which exists a unique set of challenges for each CSF leak type. Furthermore, the repertoire of minimally invasive CSF leak treatment beyond nontargeted epidural blood patch administration has grown widely, with varied practices across institutions. This review describes current diagnostic imaging and treatment modalities as they apply to the challenges of CSF leak localization and management.


Assuntos
Vazamento de Líquido Cefalorraquidiano , Hipotensão Intracraniana , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos , Humanos , Vazamento de Líquido Cefalorraquidiano/terapia , Vazamento de Líquido Cefalorraquidiano/diagnóstico por imagem , Vazamento de Líquido Cefalorraquidiano/cirurgia , Hipotensão Intracraniana/terapia , Hipotensão Intracraniana/diagnóstico por imagem , Hipotensão Intracraniana/etiologia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/métodos , Placa de Sangue Epidural/métodos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética
4.
Cir Cir ; 92(3): 287-297, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38862105

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the limitations, barriers, and complications in the early transition from the microscopic transsphenoidal approach (MTA) to the endonasal endoscopic approach (EEA) to the skull base in our institution. METHODS: Technical challenges, as well as clinical features and complications, were compared between MTA, EEA, and mixed cases during the early surgical curve. RESULTS: The period from the early learning curve was 1 year until the EEA protocol was used routinely. A total of 34 patients registered a resection using a transsphenoidal approach. Eighteen patients underwent EEA, 11 underwent MTA, and five underwent a mixed endonasal and microscopic approach. Non-significant differences were found in endocrine outcomes between the three groups. Patients with unchanged or improved visual function were higher in the EEA group (p = 0.147). Non-significant differences were found in terms of the extent of resection (EOR) between groups (p = 0.369). Only 1 (2.9%) patient in the whole series developed a post-operative CSF leaking that resolved with medical management, belonging to the EEA group (5.5%). CONCLUSIONS: The early phase of the learning curve did not affect our series significantly in terms of the EOR, endocrine status, and visual outcomes.


OBJETIVO: Investigar las limitaciones, las barreras y las complicaciones en la transición del abordaje transesfenoidal microscópico (ATM) al abordaje endonasal endoscópico (AEE) para la base del cráneo en nuestra institución. MÉTODO: Se compararon las características clínicas y las complicaciones entre ATM, AEE y casos mixtos durante la curva quirúrgica temprana. RESULTADOS: El periodo desde la curva de aprendizaje inicial fue de 1 año hasta que se utilizó el protocolo AEE de forma sistemática. Un total de 34 pacientes tuvieron una resección por vía transesfenoidal. A 18 pacientes se les realizó AEE, a 11 ATM y a 5 abordaje mixto endonasal y microscópico. Se encontraron diferencias no significativas en los resultados endocrinos entre los tres grupos. Los pacientes con función visual sin cambios o mejorada fueron más en el grupo AEE (p = 0.147). No se encontraron diferencias significativas respecto a la extensión de la resección (p = 0.369). Solo 1 (2.9%) paciente desarrolló una fístula de líquido cefalorraquídeo que se resolvió con manejo médico, perteneciente al grupo AEE (5.5%). CONCLUSIONES: La fase inicial de la curva de aprendizaje no afectó significativamente a nuestra serie en términos de extensión de la resección, estado endocrino y resultados visuales.


Assuntos
Curva de Aprendizado , Humanos , Feminino , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto , Neoplasias Hipofisárias/cirurgia , Idoso , Estudos Retrospectivos , Microcirurgia/métodos , Sela Túrcica/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Cavidade Nasal/cirurgia , Cirurgia Endoscópica por Orifício Natural/métodos , Neuroendoscopia/métodos , Vazamento de Líquido Cefalorraquidiano/etiologia , Vazamento de Líquido Cefalorraquidiano/epidemiologia , Endoscopia/métodos
5.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 103(23): e38464, 2024 Jun 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38847695

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Gamma knife stereotactic radiosurgery (GKRS) is a recognized safe and effective treatment for brain metastasis; however, some complications can present significant clinical challenges. This case report highlights a rare occurrence of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leakage and pneumocranium following GKRS, emphasizing the need for awareness and prompt management of these complications. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 35-year-old male with a history of malignant neoplasm of the lip in 2015 and perineural spread of malignancy into the left cavernous sinus was treated with GKRS in 2017. The patient was admitted emergently 39 days after discharge due to persistent headache and dizziness. DIAGNOSES: Brain computed tomography (CT) revealed diffuse bilateral pneumocranium alongside an observation of CSF leakage. INTERVENTIONS: A surgical procedure involving a left frontal-temporal craniotomy was performed to excise a residual skull base tumor and repair the dura, guided by a navigator system. The conclusive pathological assessment revealed the presence of squamous cell carcinoma markers. OUTCOMES: The patient exhibited excellent tolerance to the entire procedure and experienced a prompt and uneventful recovery process. After surgery, the symptoms alleviated and CSF leak stopped. The follow-up image showed the pneumocranium resolved. LESSONS: Pneumocranium due to early-stage post-GKRS is uncommon. The rapid tumor shrinkage and timing of brain metastasis spreading through the dura can lead to CSF leak and pneumocranium. We reviewed current treatment options and presented a successful craniotomy-based dura repair case.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Encefálicas , Radiocirurgia , Adulto , Humanos , Masculino , Neoplasias Encefálicas/secundário , Neoplasias Encefálicas/radioterapia , Neoplasias Encefálicas/cirurgia , Vazamento de Líquido Cefalorraquidiano/etiologia , Pneumocefalia/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Radiocirurgia/efeitos adversos , Radiocirurgia/métodos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
6.
Acta Neurochir (Wien) ; 166(1): 258, 2024 Jun 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38853198

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: During pituitary surgery, CSF leaks are often treated by intrasellar packing, using muscle or fat grafts. However, this strategy may interfere with the interpretation of postoperative MRI and may impact the quality of resection in cases of second surgery, due to the existence of additional fibrous tissue. We present an alternative technique, using a diaphragm reconstruction with a heterologous sponge combining fibrinogen and thrombin (TachoSil), applied in selected patients with low-flow CSF leaks. This study investigates the surgical outcome of patients treated with this strategy. METHODS: From a cohort of 2231 patients treated from June 2011 to June 2023 by endoscopic endonasal approach for pituitary surgery, the surgical technique of diaphragm repair with TachoSil patch performed in 55 patients (2.6%) was detailed, and the rate of closure failure was analyzed at 6 months postoperatively. No intrasellar packing was used and sellar floor reconstruction was performed whenever possible. The rate of postoperative CSF leak was compared with that reported in three previous publications that also used the TachoSil patch technique. RESULTS: Patients were mostly women (F/M ratio: 1.2) with a median age of 53.6 years. Surgery was indicated for non-functioning adenomas, Cushing's disease, acromegaly, and Rathke's cleft cysts in 38/55 (69.1%), 6/55 (10.9%), 5/55 (9.1%) and 6/55 (10.9%) patients respectively. The rate of postoperative CSF leak was 1.8% (n = 1/55), which was not significantly different from that reported in the three cohorts from the literature (2.8%, p > 0.05). No postoperative meningitis was recorded. CONCLUSIONS: In highly selected patients with low-flow CSF leaks related to small focal diaphragm defects, diaphragm reconstruction using a TachoSil patch can be a safe and valuable alternative to intrasellar packing.


Assuntos
Vazamento de Líquido Cefalorraquidiano , Combinação de Medicamentos , Fibrinogênio , Procedimentos de Cirurgia Plástica , Trombina , Humanos , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Trombina/uso terapêutico , Masculino , Fibrinogênio/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Vazamento de Líquido Cefalorraquidiano/cirurgia , Idoso , Procedimentos de Cirurgia Plástica/métodos , Estudos de Coortes , Diafragma/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Neoplasias Hipofisárias/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento , Rinorreia de Líquido Cefalorraquidiano/cirurgia , Hipófise/cirurgia , Tampões de Gaze Cirúrgicos
7.
Acta Neurochir (Wien) ; 166(1): 256, 2024 Jun 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38850489

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cerebrospinal fluid leak after endoscopic skull base surgery remains a significant complication. Several investigators have suggested Hydroset cranioplasty to reduce leak rates. We investigated our early experience with Hydroset and compared the rate of nasal complications and CSF leak rates with case-controlled historic controls. METHODS: We queried a prospective database of patients undergoing first time endoscopic, endonasal resection of suprasellar meningiomas and craniopharyngiomas from 2015 to 2023. We compared cases closed with a gasket seal, Hydroset, and a nasoseptal flap with those closed with only a gasket seal and nasoseptal flap. Demographics, technical considerations and postoperative outcomes (SNOT-22) were compared. RESULTS: Seventy patients met inclusion criteria, twenty patients in the Hydroset group (meningioma n = 12; craniopharyngioma n = 8) and 50 control patients (meningioma n = 25; craniopharyngioma n = 25). CSF diversion was used in fewer Hydroset patients (75%, 15/20) compared with control group (94%, 47/50; p = 0.02). CSF leak was less frequent in the Hydroset than the control group (5% versus 12%, p = 0.38). One Hydroset patient required delayed nasal debridement. SNOT-22 responses demonstrated no significant difference in sinonasal complaints between groups (Hydroset average SNOT-22 score 22.45, control average SNOT-22 score 25.90; p = 0.58). CONCLUSIONS: We demonstrate that hydroxyapatite reconstruction leads to improved CSF leak control above that provided by the gasket-seal and nasoseptal flap, without significant associated morbidity as long as the cement is fully covered with vascularized tissue.


Assuntos
Vazamento de Líquido Cefalorraquidiano , Craniofaringioma , Meningioma , Base do Crânio , Retalhos Cirúrgicos , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Vazamento de Líquido Cefalorraquidiano/prevenção & controle , Vazamento de Líquido Cefalorraquidiano/etiologia , Vazamento de Líquido Cefalorraquidiano/cirurgia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Base do Crânio/cirurgia , Craniofaringioma/cirurgia , Idoso , Meningioma/cirurgia , Adulto , Neoplasias Hipofisárias/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Neoplasias da Base do Crânio/cirurgia , Procedimentos de Cirurgia Plástica/métodos , Neoplasias Meníngeas/cirurgia , Septo Nasal/cirurgia
8.
Turk Neurosurg ; 34(4): 554-564, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38874249

RESUMO

AIM: To assess the safety and efficacy of utilizing dural suturing as an adjunctive procedure for saddle floor reconstruction in patients undergoing endoscopic surgery in the sellar region. MATERIAL AND METHODS: According to the PRISMA guidelines, we searched the literature on sellar floor reconstruction in endoscopic sellar surgery. Fixed- or random-effects meta-analysis was used to pool the rate of return to postoperative cerebrospinal fluid (poCSF) leakage, repair operations, postoperative hospitalization, complete resection, infection, lumbar drainage (LD), and operative duration. RESULTS: A total of six studies involving 723 participants were included in the current meta-analysis. The pooled results demonstrated that patients in the dural suturing group had a lower incidence of poCSF leakage [odds ratio (OR), 0.18; 95% confidence interval (CI), 0.07 - 0.44; p=0.0002] and repair operation [OR, 0.24; 95% CI, 0.07 - 0.78; p=0.02], as well as a shorter hospitalization period [standardized mean difference (SMD), -0.45; 95% CI, -0.62 - -0.28; p < 0.00001]. There was no significant difference between the two groups in terms of the complete resection [OR, 1.06; 95% CI, 0.62 - 1.80; p=0.84], postoperative infection [OR, 0.49; 95% CI, 0.21 - 1.15; p=0.10] and lumbar drainage (LD) [OR, 0.28; 95% CI, 0.06 - 1.23; p=0.09]. Additionally, the dural suturing group may require a longer operative duration [SMD, 0.29; 95% CI, 0.02 - 0.56; p=0.03]. CONCLUSION: The results suggest that dural suturing can be advantageous in reducing postoperative complications and shortening postoperative hospitalization following neuroendoscopic surgery in the sellar region without increasing the risk of infection.


Assuntos
Vazamento de Líquido Cefalorraquidiano , Neuroendoscopia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Sela Túrcica , Humanos , Vazamento de Líquido Cefalorraquidiano/etiologia , Neuroendoscopia/métodos , Neuroendoscopia/efeitos adversos , Sela Túrcica/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Dura-Máter/cirurgia , Procedimentos de Cirurgia Plástica/métodos , Técnicas de Sutura , Procedimentos Neurocirúrgicos/métodos , Procedimentos Neurocirúrgicos/efeitos adversos
9.
AJNR Am J Neuroradiol ; 45(7): 951-956, 2024 Jul 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38871369

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Spinal CSF leaks cause spontaneous intracranial hypotension. Several types of leaks have been identified, and one of these types is the lateral dural tear. Performing myelography with the patient in the decubitus position allows precise characterization of these leaks. The purpose of the current study was to describe the different variants of spontaneous lateral CSF leaks. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective cohort study included a consecutive group of patients with spontaneous intracranial hypotension and lateral CSF leaks who underwent digital subtraction myelography in the decubitus position and underwent surgery to repair the CSF leak between July 2018 and June 2023. RESULTS: The mean age of the 53 patients (37 women and 16 men) was 35.5 years. Three different variants of lateral CSF leak could be identified. Forty-nine patients (92.5%) had a lateral dural tear associated with the nerve root sleeve. The dural tear was at the axilla of the nerve root sleeve in 36 patients (67.9%) and at the shoulder in 13 patients (24.5%). Four patients (7.5%) had a lateral dural tear at the level of the pedicle that was not associated with the nerve root sleeve. Findings on digital subtraction myelography were concordant with intraoperative findings in all patients. An extradural CSF collection was seen in all patients with a lateral dural tear associated with the nerve root sleeve but in only 2 of the 4 patients with the pedicular variant of a lateral dural tear. CONCLUSIONS: We identified 3 variants of spontaneous lateral dural tears. Most lateral dural tears are associated with extradural CSF collections and arise from either the axilla (67.9%) or the shoulder (24.5%) of the nerve root sleeve. Lateral dural tears at the level of the pedicle (7.5%) not associated with the nerve root sleeve are uncommon and may require specialized imaging for their detection.


Assuntos
Vazamento de Líquido Cefalorraquidiano , Hipotensão Intracraniana , Mielografia , Humanos , Feminino , Masculino , Hipotensão Intracraniana/diagnóstico por imagem , Hipotensão Intracraniana/etiologia , Adulto , Estudos Retrospectivos , Vazamento de Líquido Cefalorraquidiano/diagnóstico por imagem , Vazamento de Líquido Cefalorraquidiano/etiologia , Mielografia/métodos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Dura-Máter/diagnóstico por imagem , Adulto Jovem , Idoso
10.
Headache ; 64(7): 865-868, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38860510

RESUMO

A cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leak developed in a 14-year-old girl and a 12-year-old boy following a diagnostic lumbar puncture. Two days and sixteen years later, respectively, paraplegia developed due to a functional disorder. Imaging revealed an extensive extradural CSF collection in both patients and digital subtraction myelography was required to pinpoint the exact site of a ventral dural puncture hole where the lumbar spinal needle had gone "through and through" the dural sac. The CSF leak was complicated by cortical vein thrombosis in one patient. Both patients underwent uneventful surgical repair of the ventral dural puncture hole with prompt resolution of the paraplegia. Iatrogenic ventral CSF leaks may become exceptionally long standing and may be complicated by paraplegia on a functional basis both in the acute and chronic phases.


Assuntos
Paraplegia , Cefaleia Pós-Punção Dural , Humanos , Cefaleia Pós-Punção Dural/etiologia , Cefaleia Pós-Punção Dural/terapia , Masculino , Criança , Feminino , Paraplegia/etiologia , Adolescente , Punção Espinal/efeitos adversos , Vazamento de Líquido Cefalorraquidiano/etiologia , Vazamento de Líquido Cefalorraquidiano/complicações , Vazamento de Líquido Cefalorraquidiano/diagnóstico por imagem
11.
Neurol Med Chir (Tokyo) ; 64(7): 278-282, 2024 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38839297

RESUMO

Dural dryness makes suturing difficult during dural closure after craniotomy. In this case, dural plasty is often performed using a membrane taken from the surrounding tissue (e.g., fascia or periosteum) or an artificial replacement membrane. Herein, we introduce our novel "roll-up technique" to reduce the utilization of substitute membranes and explore its effectiveness in dural closure. We retrospectively examined the medical records of 50 patients who underwent craniotomy for the first time for supratentorial intracranial lesions between 2015 and 2022. Furthermore, we divided them into two groups: (1) the conventional technique group, which consisted of patients in whom the dura mater was flipped after incision and protected with a moistened gauze (n = 23), and (2) the roll-up technique group, which consisted of patients in whom the dura mater was incised in a U shape, rolled up, and protected with a moist gauze (n = 27). After surgery, we compared the success rates of primary closure, operating time, craniotomy area, and percentage of complications (e.g., cerebrospinal fluid [CSF] leakage or infection) between the groups. Dural closure without dural substitutes using the roll-up technique had a higher success rate than that using the conventional technique (26/27 [96.3%] cases vs. 14/23 [60.9%] cases; P = 0.003). Postoperative CSF leakage or infection did not occur, and no statistically significant difference was observed in the operating time between the groups (P = 0.247). The roll-up technique for dural closure may effectively prevent post-incisional dural shrink after craniotomy.


Assuntos
Craniotomia , Dura-Máter , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Humanos , Craniotomia/métodos , Dura-Máter/cirurgia , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Feminino , Idoso , Adulto , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Vazamento de Líquido Cefalorraquidiano/prevenção & controle , Vazamento de Líquido Cefalorraquidiano/etiologia , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Neoplasias Supratentoriais/cirurgia
12.
BMJ Case Rep ; 17(6)2024 Jun 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38885998

RESUMO

A man in his 40s with type 2 diabetes mellitus had persistent right-sided watery nasal discharge for 6 months following cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leak repair at another hospital, prompting his visit to us due to recurring symptoms. Imaging revealed a CSF leak from the mid-clivus for which revision endoscopic CSF leak repair was done. Regrettably, he developed postoperative meningitis caused by multidrug-resistant (MDR) Klebsiella pneumoniaeManaging this complex case was a challenging task due to the pathogen's resistance to conventional drugs and the scarcity of scientific evidence. We initiated a culture-guided combination regimen with ceftazidime, avibactam, aztreonam and tigecycline. This decision stemmed from meticulous literature review and observed antibiotic synergy while testing for this organism.After 4 weeks of vigilant treatment, the patient's symptoms improved significantly, and CSF cultures were sterile. We present our approach to effectively confront and manage a challenging instance of postoperative MDR bacterial meningitis.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana Múltipla , Infecções por Klebsiella , Klebsiella pneumoniae , Meningites Bacterianas , Humanos , Masculino , Infecções por Klebsiella/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções por Klebsiella/microbiologia , Meningites Bacterianas/tratamento farmacológico , Meningites Bacterianas/microbiologia , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Vazamento de Líquido Cefalorraquidiano/terapia , Adulto , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/tratamento farmacológico , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/microbiologia , Ceftazidima/uso terapêutico , Ceftazidima/administração & dosagem , Fossa Craniana Posterior/cirurgia , Aztreonam/uso terapêutico , Aztreonam/administração & dosagem , Tigeciclina/uso terapêutico , Tigeciclina/administração & dosagem , Combinação de Medicamentos , Compostos Azabicíclicos
13.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 15: 1353494, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38899009

RESUMO

Aims: Post-operative CSF leak is the major source of morbidity following transsphenoidal approaches (TSA) and expanded endonasal approaches (EEA) to lesions of the sella turcica and the ventral skull base. There are conflicting reports in the literature as to whether obesity (BMI ≥30) is a risk factor for this complication. We aimed to evaluate data collected as part of prospective multi-centre cohort study to address this question. Methods: The CRANIAL (CSF Rhinorrhoea After Endonasal Intervention to the Skull Base) study database was reviewed and patients were divided into obese and non-obese cohorts. Data on patient demographics, underlying pathology, intra-operative findings and skull base repair techniques were analysed. Results: TSA were performed on 726 patients, of whom 210 were obese and 516 were non-obese. The rate of post-operative CSF leak in the obese cohort was 11/210 (5%), compared to 17/516 (3%) in the non-obese cohort, which was not statistically significant (χ2 = 1.520, p=0.217). EEA were performed on 140 patients, of whom 28 were obese and 112 were non-obese. The rate of post-operative CSF leak in the obese cohort was 2/28 (7%), which was identical to the rate observed in the non-obese cohort 8/112 (7%) Fisher's Exact Test, p=1.000). These results persisted following adjustment for inter-institutional variation and baseline risk of post-operative CSF leak. Conclusion: CSF leak rates following TSA and EEA, in association with modern skull base repair techniques, were found to be low in both obese and non-obese patients. However, due to the low rate of post-operative CSF leak, we were unable to fully exclude a small contributory effect of obesity to the risk of this complication.


Assuntos
Vazamento de Líquido Cefalorraquidiano , Obesidade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Base do Crânio , Humanos , Obesidade/complicações , Feminino , Masculino , Base do Crânio/cirurgia , Vazamento de Líquido Cefalorraquidiano/etiologia , Vazamento de Líquido Cefalorraquidiano/epidemiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Endoscopia/efeitos adversos , Rinorreia de Líquido Cefalorraquidiano/etiologia , Rinorreia de Líquido Cefalorraquidiano/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco , Estudos de Coortes , Adulto Jovem
14.
Neurosciences (Riyadh) ; 29(2): 128-132, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38740394

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To determine the effectiveness and safety of Hemopatch® as a primary dural sealant in preventing CSF leakage following cranial surgery. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leaks occur in cranial operations and are associated with significant patient burden and expense. The use of Hemopatch® as a dural sealant in cranial neurosurgical procedures is described and analyzed in this study. METHODS: Data were retrospectively collected from all patients who underwent a craniotomy for various neurosurgical indications where Hemopatch® was used as the primary dural sealant between June 2017 and June 2022. Infection and CSF leak were the main indicators evaluated after surgery. RESULTS: A total of 119 consecutive patients met our inclusion criteria. The median was age 41.5 years, and 52.5% were female. The mean follow-up period was 2.3 years (7 months to 6 years). There were 110 (92.44%) supratentorial and 9 (7.56%) infratentorial craniotomies. Postoperative CSF leak was reported in 2 patients (1.68%), one in each cohort. Postoperative infection occurred in one patient (0.84%). CONCLUSION: The results suggest that using Hemopatch® as a dural sealant in cranial surgery is effective and safe. After supra-/infratentorial craniotomies, the rate of postoperative adverse events in our sample was within the range of known surgical revision rates. Future randomized clinical studies are required to confirm our encouraging findings.


Assuntos
Vazamento de Líquido Cefalorraquidiano , Procedimentos Neurocirúrgicos , Humanos , Feminino , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Vazamento de Líquido Cefalorraquidiano/prevenção & controle , Vazamento de Líquido Cefalorraquidiano/etiologia , Vazamento de Líquido Cefalorraquidiano/epidemiologia , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Procedimentos Neurocirúrgicos/métodos , Procedimentos Neurocirúrgicos/efeitos adversos , Craniotomia/métodos , Craniotomia/efeitos adversos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Dura-Máter/cirurgia , Idoso , Adulto Jovem , Adolescente , Adesivos Teciduais/uso terapêutico
15.
Turk J Ophthalmol ; 54(3): 180-182, 2024 06 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38818968

RESUMO

A 4-year-old boy was referred to our tertiary hospital after a penetrating adnexal injury by a large-breed dog to the left orbital area. There was an increase in lacrimation, which was thought to be due to an inflammatory reaction. However, it was discovered that the lacrimation increased in the reverse-Trendelenburg position and with the Valsalva maneuver. Halo sign and beta transferrin test were positive, which led to the diagnosis of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) fistula, and the patient was operated using a supraorbital craniotomy. A dural tear was visualized and sutured appropriately, then fibrin glue and an autologous galeal graft were applied to the tear. The CSF oculorrhea stopped postoperatively, and the patient was discharged after 10 days of follow-up. The patient had no recurrent CSF leakage at 4-year follow-up. Although CSF oculorrhea is rare and may be difficult to discern from lacrimation, the presence of pneumocephalus and halo sign should suggest fistula repair.


Assuntos
Mordeduras e Picadas , Vazamento de Líquido Cefalorraquidiano , Humanos , Masculino , Animais , Pré-Escolar , Cães , Vazamento de Líquido Cefalorraquidiano/etiologia , Vazamento de Líquido Cefalorraquidiano/diagnóstico , Vazamento de Líquido Cefalorraquidiano/cirurgia , Mordeduras e Picadas/complicações , Mordeduras e Picadas/diagnóstico , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Ferimentos Oculares Penetrantes/diagnóstico , Ferimentos Oculares Penetrantes/cirurgia , Craniotomia/efeitos adversos , Órbita/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças Orbitárias/etiologia , Doenças Orbitárias/diagnóstico
16.
Am J Otolaryngol ; 45(4): 104345, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38701729

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To assess the audiometric outcomes following surgical repair of spontaneous temporal bone cerebrospinal fluid otorrhea and compare different surgical approaches. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective review of adults (≥18 years old) who underwent repair of spontaneous CSF leak between 2011 and 2022. Audiometric outcomes were compared across the three surgical groups: transmastoid, middle cranial fossa and combined. RESULTS: Thirty-nine patients (40 ears) met the inclusion criteria (71.8 % females; mean age 59.77 +/- 12.4). Forty-two percent underwent transmastoid, 12.5 % middle cranial fossa and 45 % transmastoid-middle cranial fossa. Four patients (10 %) had recurrence, 3 in the transmastoid group and 1 in the combined approach. The mean change in air-bone gap (ABG) for all patients (postoperative-preoperative) was -7.4 (paired t-test, p-value = 0.0003). The postoperative ABG was closed in 28 (70 %) ears (postoperative ABG ≤ 15). The mean change in pure tone average (PTA) for all patients (postoperative-preoperative) was -4.1 (paired t-test, p-value = 0.13). The mean change in word recognition scores (WRS) for all patients (postoperative-preoperative) was -3 (paired t-test, p-value = 0.35). On multivariable analysis (controlling for site and reconstruction material), there was no significant difference in ABG, PTA and WRS change between surgical groups. CONCLUSIONS: Transmastoid, middle cranial fossa and combined approaches are all effective in treatment of spontaneous CSF leaks and all showed mean decrease in post-operative ABG. Transmastoid approach showed the greatest decrease in ABG and PTA (although middle cranial fossa approach shows the greatest decrease, when excluding profound hearing loss in a patient with superior canal dehiscence). Further studies comparing audiometric outcomes are needed.


Assuntos
Otorreia de Líquido Cefalorraquidiano , Osso Temporal , Humanos , Feminino , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Osso Temporal/cirurgia , Otorreia de Líquido Cefalorraquidiano/cirurgia , Otorreia de Líquido Cefalorraquidiano/etiologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Idoso , Fossa Craniana Média/cirurgia , Audiometria de Tons Puros , Adulto , Vazamento de Líquido Cefalorraquidiano/cirurgia , Vazamento de Líquido Cefalorraquidiano/etiologia , Processo Mastoide/cirurgia , Audiometria
17.
Am J Otolaryngol ; 45(4): 104317, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38729011

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Tegmen and superior semicircular canal defects have been well studied, yet the factors contributing to their onset and progression are widely debated. The clinical utility of intraoperative intracranial pressure measurements has yet to be tested. This report aims to use intraoperative opening pressure and concurrent superior semicircular canal dehiscence (SSCD) to analyze factors influencing disease course and clinical outcomes in patients with tegmen dehiscence. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of 61 patients who underwent tegmen defect repair was performed. Multiple variables of interest including body mass index (BMI), presence of SSCD, presence of dural venous sinus stenosis, opening pressure, and acetazolamide therapy use were recorded. The cohort was divided into those with or without concurrent SSCD and those presenting with or without cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leak for analysis. RESULTS: A linear relationship between opening pressure and BMI (p = 0.009) was noted; however, intraoperative opening pressure was not associated with disease outcome. Concurrent SSCD was present in 25 % of patients, while 62 % presented with CSF leak. The concurrent SSCD group exhibited higher opening pressure, higher likelihood of having dural sinus stenosis, and higher likelihood of being discharged on acetazolamide. The CSF leak group had higher likelihood of obstructive sleep apnea and persistent symptoms. CONCLUSIONS: In patients undergoing tegmen defect repair, concurrent SSCD suggests increased disease severity. The presence of preoperative CSF leak predicts persistent symptoms following repair. BMI is linearly correlated with intracranial pressure in these patients.


Assuntos
Vazamento de Líquido Cefalorraquidiano , Deiscência do Canal Semicircular , Canais Semicirculares , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Vazamento de Líquido Cefalorraquidiano/etiologia , Vazamento de Líquido Cefalorraquidiano/cirurgia , Canais Semicirculares/cirurgia , Deiscência do Canal Semicircular/cirurgia , Deiscência do Canal Semicircular/complicações , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto , Índice de Massa Corporal , Idoso , Pressão Intracraniana , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Acetazolamida
18.
Neurology ; 102(12): e209449, 2024 Jun 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38820488

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Spinal CSF leaks lead to spontaneous intracranial hypotension (SIH). While International Classification of Headache Disorders, Third Edition (ICHD-3) criteria necessitate imaging confirmation or low opening pressure (OP) for SIH diagnosis, their sensitivity may be limited. We offered epidural blood patches (EBPs) to patients with symptoms suggestive of SIH, with and without a documented low OP or confirmed leak on imaging. This study evaluates the efficacy of this strategy. METHODS: We conducted a prospective cohort study with a nested case-control design including all patients who presented to a tertiary headache clinic with clinical symptoms of SIH who completed study measures both before and after receiving an EBP between August 2016 and November 2018. RESULTS: The mean duration of symptoms was 8.7 ± 8.1 years. Of 85 patients assessed, 69 did not meet ICHD-3 criteria for SIH. At an average of 521 days after the initial EBP, this ICHD-3-negative subgroup experienced significant improvements in Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) Global Physical Health score of +3.3 (95% CI 1.5-5.1), PROMIS Global Mental Health score of +1.8 (95% CI 0.0-3.5), Headache Impact Test (HIT)-6 head pain score of -3.8 (95% CI -5.7 to -1.8), Neck Disability Index of -4.8 (95% CI -9.0 to -0.6) and PROMIS Fatigue of -2.3 (95% CI -4.1 to -0.6). Fifty-four percent of ICHD-3-negative patients achieved clinically meaningful improvements in PROMIS Global Physical Health and 45% in HIT-6 scores. Pain relief following lying flat prior to treatment was strongly associated with sustained clinically meaningful improvement in global physical health at an average of 521 days (odds ratio 1.39, 95% CI 1.1-1.79; p < 0.003). ICHD-3-positive patients showed high rates of response and previously unreported, treatable levels of fatigue and cognitive deficits. DISCUSSION: Patients who did not conform to the ICHD-3 criteria for SIH showed moderate rates of sustained, clinically meaningful improvements in global physical health, global mental health, neck pain, fatigue, and head pain after EBP therapy. Pre-treatment improvement in head pain when flat was associated with later, sustained improvement after EBP therapy among patients who did not meet the ICHD-3 criteria. CLASSIFICATION OF EVIDENCE: This study provides Class IV evidence that epidural blood patch is an effective treatment of suspected CSF leak not conforming to ICHD-3 criteria for SIH.


Assuntos
Placa de Sangue Epidural , Vazamento de Líquido Cefalorraquidiano , Hipotensão Intracraniana , Humanos , Feminino , Masculino , Placa de Sangue Epidural/métodos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto , Vazamento de Líquido Cefalorraquidiano/terapia , Hipotensão Intracraniana/terapia , Estudos Prospectivos , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Resultado do Tratamento , Estudos de Coortes , Medidas de Resultados Relatados pelo Paciente
19.
AJNR Am J Neuroradiol ; 45(7): 841-849, 2024 Jul 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38697790

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The inaugural "Spinal CSF Leak: Bridging the Gap" Conference was organized to address the complexities of diagnosing and treating spinal CSF leaks. This event aimed to converge the perspectives of clinicians, researchers, and patients with a patient-centered focus to explore the intricacies of spinal CSF leaks across 3 main domains: diagnosis, treatment, and aftercare. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Physician and patient speakers were invited to discuss the varied clinical presentations and diagnostic challenges of spinal CSF leaks, which often lead to misdiagnosis or delayed treatment. Patient narratives were interwoven with discussions on advanced radiologic techniques and clinical assessments. Treatment-focused sessions highlighted patient experiences with various therapeutic options, including epidural blood patches, surgical interventions, and percutaneous and endovascular therapies. The intricacies of immediate and long-term postprocedural management were explored. RESULTS: Key outcomes from the conference included the recognition of the need for increased access to specialized CSF leak care for patients and heightened awareness among health care providers, especially for atypical symptoms and presentations. Discussions underscored the variability in individual treatment responses and the necessity for personalized diagnostic and treatment algorithms. Postprocedural challenges such as managing incomplete symptom relief and rebound intracranial hypertension were also addressed, emphasizing the need for effective patient monitoring and follow-up care infrastructures. CONCLUSIONS: The conference highlighted the need for adaptable diagnostic protocols, collaborative multidisciplinary care, and enhanced patient support. These elements are vital for improving the recognition, diagnosis, and management of spinal CSF leaks, thereby optimizing patient outcomes and quality of life. The event established a foundation for future advancements in spinal CSF leak management, advocating for a patient-centered model that harmonizes procedural expertise with an in-depth understanding of patient experiences.


Assuntos
Vazamento de Líquido Cefalorraquidiano , Humanos , Vazamento de Líquido Cefalorraquidiano/terapia , Vazamento de Líquido Cefalorraquidiano/diagnóstico por imagem , Congressos como Assunto
20.
World Neurosurg ; 187: e707-e713, 2024 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38692570

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Incidental durotomy is a common complication of posterior lumbar spine surgery; however, effective and durable methods for primary repair remain elusive. Multiple existing techniques have previously been reported and extensively described, including sutured repair and the use of nonpenetrating titanium clips. The use of cranial aneurysm clips for primary repair of lumbar durotomy serves as a safe and effective alternative to obtain watertight closure of a dural tear. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of patients at a single institution who underwent primary repair of an incidental lumbar durotomy with the use of an aneurysm clip during open posterior lumbar surgery between 2012 and 2023. Patient demographics, operative details, and postoperative metrics were collected and examined to evaluate the safety and efficacy of the novel technique. RESULTS: A total of 51 patients were included for analysis. Four patients underwent durotomy repair with an aneurysm clip alone, 27 patients were repaired with an aneurysm clip and fibrin glue, and 20 patients underwent repair with an aneurysm clip, fibrin glue, and a collagen dural substitute. Three patients (5.9%) reported headaches: 2 (3.9%) with pseudomeningocele and 1 (2%) with wound leakage. Two patients (3.9%) had treatment failure with a return to the operating room for repair of a cerebrospinal fluid leak. CONCLUSIONS: To the best of our knowledge, we report the largest series of patients undergoing primary repair of incidental durotomy with the use of an aneurysm clip. Use of an aneurysm clip is noted to be a safe, quick, and effective method of primary repair compared with existing repair techniques such as sutured repair or nonpenetrating titanium clips.


Assuntos
Dura-Máter , Vértebras Lombares , Instrumentos Cirúrgicos , Humanos , Masculino , Dura-Máter/cirurgia , Dura-Máter/lesões , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Idoso , Vértebras Lombares/cirurgia , Adulto , Procedimentos Neurocirúrgicos/métodos , Adesivo Tecidual de Fibrina , Vazamento de Líquido Cefalorraquidiano/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/cirurgia , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...