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2.
Am Surg ; 88(3): 538-541, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33380156

RESUMO

Penetrating neck trauma comprises 5%-10% of all traumatic injuries in adults and carries up to a 10% mortality rate for those affected. Management of penetrating neck trauma can be challenging and often requires a multidisciplinary approach. A case of penetrating neck trauma via self-inflicted gunshot wound to zones 1-3 of the neck in an intoxicated, suicidal 60-year-old man is presented. Immediately after stabilization by the trauma surgery team, surgical reconstruction using a pectoralis major pedicled myocutaneous flap was completed by the plastic and reconstructive surgery team. The patient's hospital course was complicated by injury to the left phrenic nerve, oropharyngeal swallowing dysfunction, and left diaphragmatic dysfunction. The trauma team initiated prompt multidisciplinary responses to each of these complications as they arose by involving the plastic and reconstructive surgery, otolaryngology, gastroenterology, and speech language pathology teams. Early involvement of the physical medicine and rehabilitation, psychiatry, dietary, and pharmacy teams allowed for early optimization and monitoring of the patient's mobility, psychological, and nutritional statuses. The timely initiation of multidisciplinary care in this patient's case allowed for the patient to not only to survive a potentially fatal penetrating neck trauma, but to be discharged to a rehabilitation facility with an independent level of function. Given the complications due to severe penetrating neck trauma of zones 1-3 in this case, it is essential for early involvement of the appropriate subspecialty teams in order to achieve the best possible outcome for the patient.


Assuntos
Cervicoplastia/métodos , Lesões do Pescoço/cirurgia , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente , Tentativa de Suicídio , Retalhos Cirúrgicos/transplante , Ferimentos por Arma de Fogo/cirurgia , Transtornos de Deglutição/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Ilustração Médica , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Lesões do Pescoço/diagnóstico por imagem , Lesões do Pescoço/etiologia , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente/organização & administração , Músculos Peitorais/transplante , Fotografação , Nervo Frênico/lesões , Paralisia Respiratória/cirurgia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Ferimentos por Arma de Fogo/complicações , Ferimentos por Arma de Fogo/diagnóstico por imagem
3.
Laryngoscope ; 131(11): E2802-E2809, 2021 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34021601

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Airway access in the setting of unsuccessful ventilation and intubation typically involves emergent cricothyrotomy or tracheotomy, procedures with associated significant risk. The potential for such emergent scenarios can often be predicted based on patient and disease factors. Planned tracheotomy can be performed in these cases but is not without its own risks. We previously described a technique of pre-tracheotomy or exposing the tracheal framework without entering the trachea, as an alternative to planned tracheostomy in such cases. In this way, a tracheotomy can be easily completed if needed, or the wound can be closed if it is not needed. This procedure has since been used in an array of indications. We describe the clinical situations where pre-tracheotomy was performed as well as subsequent patient outcomes. METHODS: Retrospective series of patients undergoing a pre-tracheotomy from 2015 to 2020. Records were reviewed for patient characteristics, indication, whether the procedure was converted to tracheotomy or closed at the bedside, and any post-procedural complications. RESULTS: Pre-tracheotomy was performed in 18 patients. Indications included failed extubation after head and neck reconstruction, subglottic stenosis, laryngeal masses, laryngeal edema, thyroid masses, and an oropharyngeal bleed requiring operative intervention. Tracheotomy was avoided in 10 patients with wound closed at the bedside; procedure was converted to tracheotomy in the remaining eight. There were no complications. Indications for conversion included failed extubation, intraoperative hemorrhage, significant stridor with dyspnea, and inability to ventilate. CONCLUSION: Pre-tracheotomy offers simplified airway access and provides a valuable option in scenarios where tracheotomy may, but not necessarily, be needed. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: 4 Laryngoscope, 131:E2802-E2809, 2021.


Assuntos
Conversão para Cirurgia Aberta/efeitos adversos , Traqueia/cirurgia , Traqueostomia/efeitos adversos , Traqueotomia/efeitos adversos , Técnicas de Fechamento de Ferimentos/efeitos adversos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Extubação/efeitos adversos , Extubação/estatística & dados numéricos , Cervicoplastia/efeitos adversos , Conversão para Cirurgia Aberta/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Hemorragia/complicações , Hemorragia/diagnóstico , Hemorragia/cirurgia , Humanos , Edema Laríngeo/complicações , Edema Laríngeo/diagnóstico , Edema Laríngeo/cirurgia , Neoplasias Laríngeas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Laríngeas/patologia , Neoplasias Laríngeas/cirurgia , Laringoestenose/complicações , Laringoestenose/epidemiologia , Laringoestenose/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Orofaringe/patologia , Orofaringe/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Ferida Cirúrgica , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/complicações , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/diagnóstico , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/cirurgia , Técnicas de Fechamento de Ferimentos/estatística & dados numéricos
4.
Ann Med ; 53(1): 639-646, 2021 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33855907

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Little is known about the therapeutic relationship between coblation discoplasty and cervicogenic dizziness (CGD). CGD can be caused by abnormal proprioceptive inputs from compressed nerve roots, intradiscal mechanoreceptors and nociceptors to the vestibulospinal nucleus in the degenerative cervical disc. The aim was to analyze the efficacy of coblation discoplasty in CGD through intradiscal nerve ablation and disc decompression in a 12-month follow-up retrospective study. METHODS: From 2015 to 2019, 42 CGD patients who received coblation discolplasty were recruited as the surgery group, and 22 CGD patients who rejected surgery were recruited as the conservative group. Using intent-to-treat (ITT) analysis, we retrospectively analyzed the CGD visual analogue scale (VAS), neck pain VAS, CGD frequency score, and the CGD alleviation rating throughout a 12-month follow-up period. RESULTS: Compared with conservative intervention, coblation discoplasty revealed a better recovery trend with effect sizes of 1.76, 2.15, 0.92, 0.78 and 0.81 in CGD VAS, and effect sizes of 1.32, 1.54, 0.93, 0.86 and 0.76in neck pain VAS at post-operative 1 week, and 1, 3, 6, 12 months, respectively. The lower CGD frequency score indicated fewer attacks of dizziness until postoperative 3 months (p < 0.01). At post-operative 12 months, the coblation procedure showed increased satisfactory outcomes of CGD alleviation rating (p < .001, -1.00 of effect size). CONCLUSIONS: Coblation discoplasty significantly improves the severity and frequency of CGD, which is important inbridging unresponsive conservative intervention and open surgery.Key messagesThere is a correlation between the degenerative cervical disc and cervicogenic dizziness (CGD).CGD can be caused by abnormal proprioceptive inputs from a compressed nerve root and intradiscal mechanoreceptors and nociceptors to the vestibulospinal nucleus in the degenerative cervical disc.Cervical coblation discoplasty can alleviate CGD through ablating intradiscal nerve endings and decompressing the nerve root.


Assuntos
Técnicas de Ablação/métodos , Cervicoplastia/métodos , Descompressão Cirúrgica/métodos , Tontura/cirurgia , Pescoço/cirurgia , Tontura/complicações , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Análise de Intenção de Tratamento , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pescoço/inervação , Cervicalgia/etiologia , Cervicalgia/cirurgia , Medição da Dor , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg ; 74(9): 2068-2075, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33551358

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pre-expanded pedicled flaps possess a more flexible transfer pattern and higher tissue utilization than random flaps, but the perfusion is fully dependent on the chosen axial vessels. A precise mapping of the vessels would assist the surgical design and increase the likelihood of success. The application of Infrared thermography (IRT) has been previously reported for perforator location. The aim of this study is to report the use of IRT in mapping the course and distribution of axial vessels in the pre-expanded flap to guide the designing and harvesting. METHODS: Patients who underwent head and neck reconstruction using pre-expanded flaps were included. After tissue expansion, IRT was used to mark the vessel distribution along the expanded flap. The results were compared with color Doppler ultrasound (CDU) and/or computed tomographic angiography (CTA). The flap was designed and raised based on the pre-operative marking by IRT. The mark was verified intraoperatively. RESULTS: A total of 26 expanded flaps were performed, including 20 pedicled flaps and 6 free flaps. IRT succeeded to map the vessel distribution in all cases. All marked results were verified by CDU, CTA, and intraoperative dissection (26/26, 100%). IRT showed more comprehensive distribution of vascular branches than CDU or CTA, and could be utilized intraoperatively to identify the arteries. CONCLUSION: IRT provides accurate and comprehensive mapping of the axial vessel distribution in the pre-expanded flaps, assisting with flap design and harvest. It is easy to use and non-invasive as an important tool pre- or intraoperatively to ensure the safe elevation.


Assuntos
Retalhos de Tecido Biológico/irrigação sanguínea , Cabeça/cirurgia , Pescoço/cirurgia , Retalho Perfurante/irrigação sanguínea , Procedimentos de Cirurgia Plástica/métodos , Termografia/métodos , Adolescente , Adulto , Artérias/diagnóstico por imagem , Cervicoplastia/métodos , Criança , Cicatriz/complicações , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada , Contratura/etiologia , Contratura/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Raios Infravermelhos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ultrassonografia Doppler em Cores , Veias/diagnóstico por imagem , Adulto Jovem
6.
Acta otorrinolaringol. esp ; 71(5): 275-280, sept.-oct. 2020. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-195213

RESUMO

INTRODUCCIÓN: El colgajo microvascularizado antebraquial radial (CMAR) es una herramienta ampliamente utilizada en la cirugía reconstructiva de cabeza y cuello. Destaca por ser un colgajo relativamente sencillo de obtener, versátil y con características que permiten la reconstrucción de defectos complejos de la cabeza y el cuello. El objetivo del estudio es presentar nuestros resultados en la reconstrucción con CMAR de defectos que asentaban en el área de la cabeza y el cuello. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: Estudio retrospectivo, observacional y analítico en el que se incluyen 58 casos de intervenciones con CMAR realizadas entre enero de 2002 y julio de 2019. Los datos estudiados fueron la edad y el sexo del paciente, la localización del tumor, el tipo histológico, la radioterapia previa, el número de anastomosis venosas realizadas en la cirugía y la temperatura corporal en el postoperatorio inmediato, a las 24 y a las 48 h de la cirugía. RESULTADOS: El porcentaje de CMAR viables fue del 82,8%. Ninguna de las variables analizadas parece ser un factor de riesgo para el fallo del colgajo. La causa más frecuente de fallo del colgajo es la trombosis venosa. CONCLUSIONES: Los colgajos microvascularizados tienen un papel destacado en la cirugía reconstructiva, siendo el CMAR uno de los más interesantes para la reconstrucción de cabeza y cuello. Constituye una herramienta muy versátil que permite la reconstrucción de gran cantidad de localizaciones en las que trabaja el cirujano de cabeza y cuello


INTRODUCTION: The radial forearm free flap (RFFF) is a widely used tool in head and neck reconstructive surgery. It stands out as a relatively simple flap to achieve; it is versatile and has features that enable the reconstruction of complex head and neck defects. The aim of the study was to present our results using the RFFF in the reconstruction of seated defects in the head and neck area. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective, observational and analytical study that included 58 cases of RFFF interventions, performed between January 2002 and July 2019. The data studied were the age and sex of the patients, location of the tumour, histological type, previous radiation therapy, number of venous anastomoses performed in the surgery and body temperature in the immediate postoperative period, at 24 and 48hours following surgery. RESULTS: The percentage of viable RFFF was 82.8%. None of the variables analysed appear to be a risk factor for flap failure. The most frequent cause of flap failure was venous thrombosis. CONCLUSIONS: Microvascularised flaps play an important role in reconstructive surgery, being the RFFF one of the most interesting for head and neck reconstruction. It is a very versatile tool that allows the reconstruction of many of the sites where the head and neck surgeon operates


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Cervicoplastia/métodos , Retalhos de Tecido Biológico/cirurgia , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/cirurgia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adenocarcinoma/cirurgia , Sarcoma/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
7.
Acta otorrinolaringol. esp ; 71(5): 281-288, sept.-oct. 2020. tab, ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-195214

RESUMO

INTRODUCCIÓN: El objetivo del siguiente trabajo es la revisión de las modificaciones y avances en cirugía reconstructiva de tejidos blandos de la cavidad oral basándonos exclusivamente en los principales colgajos que dependen de arterias nominadas del sistema de la arteria facial. MÉTODOS: Revisión de la literatura y la experiencia propia respecto a reconstrucciones de cavidad oral basadas en colgajos del sistema de la arteria facial. DISCUSIÓN: La reconstrucción de la cavidad oral basada en colgajos dependientes del sistema de la arteria facial ofrece resultados satisfactorios y permite realizar reconstrucciones limitadas evitando la utilización de colgajos pediculados regionales o de colgajos libres. CONCLUSIONES: El conocimiento de las opciones reconstructivas utilizando el sistema de la arteria facial en cirugía de la cavidad oral permitirá a los cirujanos de cabeza y cuello ampliar las opciones de reconstrucción, adaptar de forma efectiva las reconstrucciones a los defectos quirúrgicos, permitiendo un abordaje de alta calidad, seguro y con menor consumo de recursos


INTRODUCTION: to review the modifications and advances in reconstructive surgery of the soft tissues of the oral cavity exclusively based on flaps that depend on the facial artery system. METHODS: review of the literature regarding oral cavity reconstructions based on main facial artery system flaps. DISCUSSION: The reconstruction of the soft tissues of the oral cavity, based on facial artery system flaps, offers satisfactory results and allows limited reconstructions avoiding the use of pedicled regional flaps or free flaps. CONCLUSIONS: Knowledge of reconstructive options using the facial artery system in oral cavity surgery allows expanding reconstructive options for head and neck surgeons, enabling safe, high quality and effective reconstructions, with limited resources consumption


Assuntos
Humanos , Cervicoplastia/métodos , Retalhos Cirúrgicos , Face/irrigação sanguínea , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Bucais/métodos , Orofaringe/cirurgia , Artérias/cirurgia , Mucosa Bucal/cirurgia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/cirurgia , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(41): e17499, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31593117

RESUMO

This retrospective study evaluated operative outcomes when using a supraclavicular artery island flap (SAIF) combined with a sternohyoid muscle flap (SHMF) to reconstruct defects after hypopharyngeal carcinoma resection. Reconstructive surgery for hypopharyngeal and laryngeal defects was performed with the SAIF + SHME combination in 6 patients during 2016 to 2018. Within 14 to 16 days after the surgery, all 6 patients could ingest food and block the tube (avoiding aspiration), with no pharyngeal fistulas. They then underwent irradiation up to a total of 60.5 Gy during the 4 weeks postoperatively. All 6 flaps survived, and there were no donor-site complications except minor dehiscence in 1 patient. Thus, the SAIF + SHMF combination can be used to reconstruct hypopharyngeal and laryngeal defects after hemi-laryngectomy in patients with hypopharyngeal carcinoma involving the unilateral larynx. This technique effectively preserved the swallowing function and phonation of the patients, thereby improving their quality of life.


Assuntos
Artérias/transplante , Músculos do Pescoço/transplante , Retalhos Cirúrgicos/transplante , Idoso , Cervicoplastia/métodos , Clavícula/irrigação sanguínea , Terapia Combinada/métodos , Deglutição/fisiologia , Humanos , Neoplasias Hipofaríngeas/radioterapia , Neoplasias Hipofaríngeas/cirurgia , Hipofaringe/cirurgia , Laringectomia/métodos , Laringe/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fonação/fisiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Qualidade de Vida , Estudos Retrospectivos , Deiscência da Ferida Operatória/epidemiologia
9.
Facial Plast Surg Clin North Am ; 27(4): 529-555, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31587772

RESUMO

This article provides facial plastic surgeons with the insight to avoid and address common pitfalls in neck procedures. Many aesthetic issues are created from overtreatment or undertreatment of components of the neck. Using the platysma muscle as the divide, ease of access to superficial anatomy leads to overtreatment problems, whereas difficulty of access to deeper structures leads to undertreatment problems and to overall imbalances. Strategies to accurately assess and treat all structures of the neck proportionally can be used to both avoid and treat any neck aesthetic issues. The advent of minimally invasive techniques has resulted in new complications.


Assuntos
Cervicoplastia/efeitos adversos , Hematoma/etiologia , Pescoço/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Ritidoplastia/efeitos adversos , Cicatriz/etiologia , Deformidades Adquiridas da Orelha/etiologia , Humanos , Infecções/etiologia , Miotomia/efeitos adversos , Pescoço/anatomia & histologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/terapia , Recidiva , Seroma/etiologia , Envelhecimento da Pele , Sistema Musculoaponeurótico Superficial/cirurgia
10.
J Cosmet Dermatol ; 18(6): 1846-1855, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31050152

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To investigate the efficacy and outcomes associated with eyebrow, midface, mandibular, and neck lifting using the innovative techniques. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this prospective review chart study, a total of 151 patients, were included in the study from January 2016 to May 2017. All participants underwent thread lifting using our innovative thread-lift technique for head and neck. The patients were followed up first week, first, third, and sixth month after lifting surgery. Outcomes were assessed by two surgeon and patients based on the GAIS score. All data were analyzed by SPSS-17 software with chi-square test. RESULTS: A total of 151 patients (mean age: 52.49 ± 10.67, range: 27-78 years), 16 (10.6%) men and 135 (89.4%) women, were included in the study. The most common sites for the face-lifting surgery were the mandible (49.7%), midface (37.1%), neck (7.9%), and eyebrow (5.3%), respectively. The level of satisfaction increased from 77.5% in the first week after surgery to 89.4% in the sixth month after surgery for patients, remained unchanged, 96% for the surgeon, and increased from 74.8% to 94.7% for the independent surgeon. The highest rate of potential complications after the lifting surgery was related to ecchymosis (23.2%), followed by complications of tumefaction (6.6%), pain (6.6%), and pain (5.2%). CONCLUSION: The results showed that the level satisfaction of patients and surgeons increased over time. It seems that facial rejuvenation thread lifting with this innovative technique is effectiveness, safe, and cosmetically more acceptance with minor complications than other face-lifting techniques.


Assuntos
Cervicoplastia/métodos , Ritidoplastia/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Técnicas de Sutura
12.
Oral Oncol ; 90: 45-47, 2019 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30846175

RESUMO

Malignant conversion of sinonasal inverted papilloma (SNIP) occurs in approximately ten percent of cases. These tumors are classically described as locally destructive, but without metastatic potential. Only four cases of malignant conversion with cervical nodal metastases have been described in the English literature. We present the rare case of a 61-year-old Caucasian male with a nasopharyngeal recurrence of malignant SNIP with cervical and retropharyngeal nodal metastases. The patient underwent endoscopic transpterygoid with nasoseptal flap reconstruction, followed by staged bilateral and retropharyngeal node dissection. Histopathology of the specimens demonstrated poorly differentiated invasive nonkeratinizing squamous cell carcinoma with inverted-type features. Three months after surgery, the patient suffered from C1-C2 fractures consistent with osteoradionecrosis and expired. Although the rate of malignant conversion of SNIP is low, this case highlights the need for aggressive, definitive treatment and surveillance.


Assuntos
Linfonodos/patologia , Metástase Linfática/patologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/cirurgia , Papiloma Invertido/patologia , Neoplasias dos Seios Paranasais/patologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/cirurgia , Atlas Cervical/lesões , Cervicoplastia , Evolução Fatal , Humanos , Excisão de Linfonodo , Linfonodos/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pescoço , Osteorradionecrose , Neoplasias dos Seios Paranasais/cirurgia , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral
13.
J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg ; 72(4): e9-e14, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30704848

RESUMO

The supraclavicular island flap (SCIF) is an interesting therapeutic option in head and neck reconstruction. Since popularized by Pallua in the late 90s, several clinical series have been published showing its versatility and usefulness. However, only a few studies have focused on factors associated with complications from SCIF use. In this study, we analyzed the factors contributing to SCIF unreliability. We performed a retrospective review of the data of 87 patients undergoing SCIF reconstruction between 2008 and 2015. No significant differences in mean complication rates were observed when the SCIF was used for primary or salvage reconstruction (28% versus 25%, respectively, p = 0.816) or for cutaneous or intraoral reconstruction (27% versus 28%, respectively, p = 0.932). Flap folding, preoperative radiotherapy, and microsurgery were associated with significantly increased complication rates (p = 0.002, p = 0.043, and p = 0.001, respectively), whereas smoking (p = 0.431) had no impact with regard to this. In conclusion, the SCIF is a versatile flap and an important therapeutic tool for use in salvage surgeries, particularly in those performed in patients with poor clinical conditions and limited flap options.


Assuntos
Retalhos de Tecido Biológico/transplante , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/cirurgia , Procedimentos de Cirurgia Plástica/métodos , Terapia de Salvação/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Cervicoplastia/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Parede Torácica/transplante
15.
J Craniomaxillofac Surg ; 46(10): 1834-1842, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30097407

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to examine the indications and results of autologous dermis-fat grafts in the reconstruction of maxillofacial soft-tissue defects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 93 patients with dermis-fat graft reconstruction due to a soft tissue defect in the head and neck region were enrolled in this retrospective clinical study between March 2002 and January 2017. They were classified into the subgroups 'parotid surgery', 'orbital surgery', and 'facial surgery'. All the patients were evaluated for wound complications, and the general indications were discussed. RESULTS: In all, 96 dermis-fat grafts were performed in 93 patients. A total of 34 complications that arose in 30 patients were assessed. The dermis-fat graft was primarily transplanted in 50 cases and secondarily in 46. Of the patients, 90 showed well-integrated dermis-fat grafts. A major complication occurred in three patients. CONCLUSION: Dermis-fat grafts for the reconstruction of maxillofacial soft-tissue defects represent a reliable method with a low rate of major complications. The graft can be used as a primary as well as secondary transplant. Especially in parotid and orbital surgery, the dermis-fat graft appears to be a transplant of choice. It can also be used as an alternative in facial surgery, lip enhancement, and special individual cases.


Assuntos
Tecido Adiposo/transplante , Procedimentos de Cirurgia Plástica/métodos , Transplante de Pele/métodos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Cervicoplastia/métodos , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Face/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Órbita/cirurgia , Glândula Parótida/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Retalhos Cirúrgicos/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
18.
J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol ; 32(5): 805-811, 2018 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29283463

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Conventional cervicofacial rhytidectomy has become the standard treatment of skin excess of the ageing neck. However, some patients want to avoid an extensive surgical procedure, especially if the anterior neck is the predominant problem zone. OBJECTIVE: To report on the efficacy and safety of a zigzag-shaped skin excision combined with platysma plication. METHODS AND MATERIALS: We present a retrospective case review series of six female patients. Skin excess was marked preoperatively using the skin pinching technique, then transferred to a zigzag-shaped area and finally excised using the method according to Tschopp, which is described. Patients were followed up for at least 1 year. RESULTS: All patients (age: 55-82 years, median: 65 years) were very satisfied with the results. On an overall patient satisfaction scale of 1-10 (1 being the best), the scars were graded on average 1.85 (median: 2) 1 year after surgery. No scar hypertrophy, functional impairment, nerve damage or other serious complications were observed. CONCLUSION: In selected patients, the direct anterior zigzag-shaped excision poses an effective, safe and easy surgical option for both skin excess and fat excess and platysma banding. The technique is easily reproducible, with low morbidity and high patient satisfaction.


Assuntos
Cervicoplastia/métodos , Rejuvenescimento , Ritidoplastia/métodos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Cervicoplastia/efeitos adversos , Cicatriz/etiologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pescoço , Satisfação do Paciente , Estudos Retrospectivos
19.
Artigo em Inglês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-741555

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Some of head and neck cancer patients are in compromised general condition after ablation surgery and chemoradiation therapy, which makes secondary free tissue transfer quite challenging. Elderly cancer patients also have some risk for microvascular surgery with lengthened general anesthesia. In those cases, the pedicled flap vascularized by supraclavicular artery could be considered as an alternative to free flap. Despite several authors have demonstrated the clinical reliability of supraclavicular artery island flap (SCAIF), to date, SCAIF has not been widely used among reconstructive surgeon. In this article, we clarified vascular flow pattern and introduce simple surgical technique of SCAIF with a literature review. CASE PRESENTATION: Three patients who had underwent previous neck surgery and adjuvant therapy received maxillofacial reconstruction using SCAIF. It required only a few landmarks, flap harvesting was carried out, and the elapsed time gradually decreased to 15 min with experiences. There were no remarkable morbidities in both donor and recipient sites. CONCLUSION: SCAIF exhibited minimal anatomic variations and short learning curve of surgical techniques, which might be valuable reconstruction modality for beginning surgeon. And it can be beneficial option for the patients with vessel-depleted neck, medically compromised status for lengthened general anesthesia and failed free tissue transfer.


Assuntos
Idoso , Humanos , Anestesia Geral , Artérias , Cervicoplastia , Retalhos de Tecido Biológico , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço , Cabeça , Curva de Aprendizado , Reconstrução Mandibular , Pescoço , Osteorradionecrose , Retalhos Cirúrgicos , Doadores de Tecidos
20.
Ann Chir Plast Esthet ; 62(5): 560-566, 2017 Oct.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28882475

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Rapid recovery and return to social activities are what every patient wishes when considering to undergo a face lifting procedure. In our practice, the use of the Harmonic scalpel in order to achieve this goal has greatly improved the postoperative period. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We have performed 920 face lifting procedures exclusively using the Harmonic scalpel from 2001 to May 2017. RESULTS: A retrospective chart review was performed. Mean operative time was 110minutes for facelift involving SMAS plication only, and 180minutes for facelift involving SMAS plication with the addition of submental approach for anterior platysma plasty. Return to normal social life was achieved on the 8th postoperative day for the majority of cases. CONCLUSION: The use of the Harmonic scalpel, once properly integrated in the face lifting procedure, significantly reduces postoperative ecchymosis and oedema and allows a prompt return to normal social life.


Assuntos
Cervicoplastia/instrumentação , Eletrocirurgia/instrumentação , Ritidoplastia/instrumentação , Desenho de Equipamento , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos
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