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1.
BMC Psychol ; 10(1): 10, 2022 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35033193

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although many lose a close friend each year, they are seldom the focus of grief research. However, these losses often cause severe and long-lasting reactions. Deaths among adolescents and young adults are also often caused by traumatic events, e.g. from accidents, suicides, and homicides, placing them at significant risk for complicated grief reactions. The focus of this paper is bereaved friends after the shootings at Utøya, Norway in 2011, which is among a few studies that focus on bereaved friends, exploring how attachment affects the grief process after the loss of a close friend. METHODS: This paper explores qualitative data from in-depth interviews with thirteen bereaved friends, conducted about 28 months after the loss. The interview sample consisted of eight females and five males, aged 18-31 years. The interviews were semi-structured, with a theme guide of 14 questions, and the method used for analyses was systematic text condensation. RESULTS: Two main themes were identified from the analyses of the interviews: Friendship and Grief, with the subordinate themes: The importance of the friendship, Longing and remembrance, How the loss has affected other relationships, How the loss has affected the friend's daily lives, Processing of the grief and Not being family. For most of the bereaved friends the loss and the grief had a profound effect on them and their overall lives, from daily functioning in school or at work, to changes in attitudes, and the way they were met as bereaved. CONCLUSIONS: The support, intimacy, and feelings of togetherness we share with our friends are of great importance and value for all people, but maybe especially for young people. When adolescents and young adults experience losses, their reactions are often intense and long-lasting, and especially complicated grief reactions can affect school performance and concentration, health, result in emotional problems; and disrupt development (e.g. identity formation and social skills). We don't know much about the grief of bereaved friends and how their reactions can be explained. Thus, we hope that these findings could shed light on their grief reactions, and provide new knowledge on the short- and long-term psychological impact of losses of friends.


Assuntos
Luto , Suicídio , Adolescente , Feminino , Amigos , Pesar , Humanos , Masculino , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Adulto Jovem
2.
Support Care Cancer ; 30(1): 835-841, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34390399

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Clinicians face personal barriers that impede the provision of bereavement care and require education in hospice care. This study aims to investigate the effects of an educational bereavement program on emotional and cognitive barriers, self-efficacy, and professional quality of life among clinicians in hospice care. METHODS: A pretest-posttest design was implemented. A total of 194 clinicians with working experience in hospice care were recruited. The participants underwent a 12-h workshop. The content included lectures, role-play, and group discussion. Emotional and cognitive barriers, self-efficacy, and professional quality of life were measured before and after the program and at 3-month follow-up. RESULTS: After the educational program, negative emotional barriers (F (2, 386) = 17.07, p < 0.001), lack of ability (F (2, 386) = 20.11, p < 0.001), belief in avoidance (F (2, 386) = 7.10, p = 0.001), outcome expectancy (F (2, 386) = 11.32, p < 0.001), and burnout (F (2, 386) = 5.59, p = 0.005) decreased significantly. Self-efficacy (F (2, 386) = 5.37, p = 0.006) and compassion satisfaction (F (2, 386) = 127.99, p < 0.001) increased significantly. CONCLUSION: The educational program addressed personal barriers to bereavement care. Role-play and group discussion about emotional and cognitive barriers can reduce barriers and improve self-efficacy in clinicians in hospice care.


Assuntos
Luto , Cuidados Paliativos na Terminalidade da Vida , Pesar , Humanos , Qualidade de Vida , Autoeficácia
4.
Lima; Perú. Ministerio de Salud. Dirección General de Intervenciones Estratégicas en Salud Pública. Dirección de Salud Mental; 1 ed; Dic. 2021. 26 p. ilus.
Monografia em Espanhol | LILACS, LIPECS, MINSAPERÚ | ID: biblio-1353271

RESUMO

La presente publicación es una colección de cartillas que contienen pautas para el cuidado de la salud mental de niños, niñas y adolescentes (NNA) en situación de duelo, las cuales pueden ser utilizadas por el personal de la salud para brindar una mejor atención. El duelo es una reacción esperada ante la pérdida de alguien o algo muy querido y significativo para las personas En algunos casos el duelo es más difícil de atravesar, tal como ocurre en niños, niñas y adolescentes, los cuales se encuentran en un proceso de desarrollo de la personalidad e identidad. También en situaciones como la pérdida repentina del ser querido, las limitaciones para la realización de los rituales de despedida, entre otras que se han dado en este contexto de pandemia. Con la implementación del estado de emergencia sanitaria por la pandemia de la COVID-19 ocurrió el cierre de colegios y universidades, así como de espacios de encuentro social, ocasionando falta de estímulos, aislamiento, privación sensorial, pérdida repentina de lazos emocionales directos con familiares, amistades, compañeros de estudios, y la interrupción de apoyos psicosociales y de salud afectando en mayor grado a las poblaciones vulnerables como el caso de las niñas, niños y adolescentes (NNA)


Assuntos
Desenvolvimento da Personalidade , Luto , Pesar , Comportamento Ritualístico , Saúde Mental , Coronavirus , Assistência Integral à Saúde , Impacto Psicossocial , Pandemias
5.
J Bioeth Inq ; 18(4): 537-540, 2021 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34940938

Assuntos
COVID-19 , Pesar , Humanos
6.
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth ; 21(1): 840, 2021 Dec 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34937548

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The COVID-19 pandemic poses an unprecedented risk to the global population. Maternity care in the UK was subject to many iterations of guidance on how best to reconfigure services to keep women, their families and babies, and healthcare professionals safe. Parents who experience a pregnancy loss or perinatal death require particular care and support. PUDDLES is an international collaboration investigating the experiences of recently bereaved parents who suffered a late miscarriage, stillbirth, or neonatal death during the global COVID-19 pandemic, in seven countries. In this study, we aim to present early findings from qualitative work undertaken with recently bereaved parents in the United Kingdom about how access to healthcare and support services was negotiated during the pandemic. METHODS: In-depth semi-structured interviews were undertaken with parents (N = 24) who had suffered a late miscarriage (n = 5; all mothers), stillbirth (n = 16; 13 mothers, 1 father, 1 joint interview involving both parents), or neonatal death (n = 3; all mothers). Data were analysed using a template analysis with the aim of investigating bereaved parents' access to services, care, and networks of support, during the pandemic after their bereavement. RESULTS: All parents had experience of utilising reconfigured maternity and/or neonatal, and bereavement care services during the pandemic. The themes utilised in the template analysis were: 1) The Shock & Confusion Associated with Necessary Restrictions to Daily Life; 2) Fragmented Care and Far Away Families; 3) Keeping Safe by Staying Away; and 4) Impersonal Care and Support Through a Screen. Results suggest access to maternity, neonatal, and bereavement care services were all significantly reduced, and parents' experiences were notably affected by service reconfigurations. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings, whilst preliminary, are important to document now, to help inform care and service provision as the pandemic continues and to provide learning for ongoing and future health system shocks. We draw conclusions on how to enable development of safe and appropriate services during this pandemic and any future health crises, to best support parents who experience a pregnancy loss or whose babies die.


Assuntos
Aborto Espontâneo/psicologia , Luto , COVID-19/psicologia , Pesar , Pais/psicologia , Morte Perinatal , Natimorto/psicologia , Continuidade da Assistência ao Paciente/normas , Feminino , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde/normas , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Gravidez , Dados Preliminares , Sistemas de Apoio Psicossocial , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Quarentena/psicologia , SARS-CoV-2 , Reino Unido/epidemiologia
7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34948752

RESUMO

Women undergoing assisted reproduction treatment without being able to become pregnant, and experiencing pregnancy loss after assisted reproduction, are triggering factors for prolonged grief and mourning. This review aims to investigate the psychosocial aspects of gestational grief among women who have undergone infertility treatment. We searched the databases of MEDLINE/PubMed, EMBASE, CINAHL, Scopus, ScienceDirect, and Lilacs for works published up to 5 March 2021. The outcomes analyzed were negative and positive psychosocial responses to gestational grief among women suffering from infertility and undergoing assisted human reproduction treatment. Eleven studies were included, which yielded 316 women experiencing infertility who were undergoing treatment. The most frequently reported negative psychosocial manifestations of grief response were depression (6/11, 54.5%), despair or loss of hope/guilt/anger (5/11, 45.5%), anxiety (4/11, 36.4%), frustration (3/11, 27.3%), and anguish/shock/suicidal thoughts/isolation (2/11, 18.2%). Positive psychosocial manifestations included the hope of becoming pregnant (4/6, 66.6%) and acceptance of infertility after attempting infertility treatment (2/6, 33.3%). We identified several negative and positive psychosocial responses to gestational grief in women experiencing infertility. Psychological support before, during, and after assisted human reproduction treatment is crucial for the management of psychosocial aspects that characterize the grief process of women experiencing infertility who become pregnant and who lose their pregnancy. Our results may help raise awareness of the area of grief among infertile women and promote policy development for the mental health of bereaved women.


Assuntos
Aborto Espontâneo , Infertilidade Feminina , Aborto Espontâneo/epidemiologia , Feminino , Pesar , Culpa , Humanos , Infertilidade Feminina/terapia , Saúde Mental , Gravidez
8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34769898

RESUMO

Each year in the United States, 7000 to 30,000 children experience their parent's suicide. Due to the stigma associated with suicide, feelings of guilt, and intense grief, surviving family members avoid talking about suicide. Over time, children struggle with confusion and intense emotions associated with their parent's suicide. In this study, seven adults, who reported being younger than six years old at the time of their father's suicide, participated in individual semi-structured interviews. Participants' responses highlight the challenges that young children face due to limited memories of their deceased parent. Interviews concluded with an opportunity for participants to review and express their impressions of 10 children's picture books. Participants offered impressions about how these books may or may not be helpful in supporting young child survivors. Implications for applied practice include considering how children's literature may open communication and assist children in navigating Worden's tasks of grief: (a) accepting the reality of their parent's death; (b) facing the grief and pain; (c) adapting to life changes due to their father's suicide, in particular adapting to altered family relationships; and (d) building memories of the deceased loved one, when possible, to ensure healthy attachment to the deceased parent. Participants' insights provide considerations for selecting children's literature for bibliotherapy. Due to young child survivors' increased risk for attempting and completing suicide, supporting child survivors of parent suicide not only addresses postvention needs but aligns with suicide prevention.


Assuntos
Biblioterapia , Suicídio , Adaptação Psicológica , Adulto , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Pai , Pesar , Humanos , Masculino , Percepção , Suicídio/prevenção & controle , Sobreviventes , Estados Unidos
9.
Appl Nurs Res ; 62: 151456, 2021 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34814990

RESUMO

AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To understand the influence of family caregivers' perceptions about patients' dying and death quality on their grief intensity. BACKGROUND: Dying patients and their family caregivers face life-limiting illness together, and they work jointly to negotiate shared understandings and mutual adaptation to losses. DESIGN: Cross-sectional data were collected via an online survey. The manuscript followed the STROBE report guideline. METHODS: Family caregivers of patients who had died within 8-365 days prior were recruited. The Quality of Dying and Death Questionnaire (QDDQ) (translated into Mandarin) and the Chinese Grief Reaction Assessment Form (GRAF) were used to measure the two key variables. Multivariate linear regression was performed to explore the links between the two variables while controlling for potential confounders. RESULTS: Data were collected from 170 bereaved Chinese caregivers, and 150 cases were involved in the analysis. The four-factor structure of the QDDQ was appropriate for Chinese participants. After controlling whether end-of-life care was provided and families' satisfaction with physicians' and nurses' services, regressions revealed that more intense grief of the bereaved caregivers was associated with better symptom control for and worse transcendence of the deceased patient. Moreover, those who believed that the deceased had fulfilled his or her family duties before death experienced less intense grief, and the participant's relationship with the deceased also made a difference. CONCLUSION: Two aspects of patients' dying and death quality perceived by family caregivers, namely symptom control and transcendence, have opposite influences on caregivers' grief intensity.


Assuntos
Luto , Cuidadores , Estudos Transversais , Família , Feminino , Pesar , Humanos , Masculino , Percepção
10.
Psychiatr Hung ; 36(3): 401-416, 2021.
Artigo em Húngaro | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34738532

RESUMO

While examining art psychology, it is often experienced that heavy traumas have a highly incentive role on work of arts. It is an exceptional precedent, when a work is born with the intention of processing a trauma, what is also documented by the author himself. Mourning, which is known to be "the most perfect" work of Németh, was written with this intention, when László Németh and his wife lost their three and a half years old daughter, Pocó, in 1930. The period around the experience of loss has never been studied with a focus on processing trauma. This study will research this topic. Examining the novel, Mourning and the relevant work- and biographical documents with the method of psychobiography it can be stated, that László Németh experiencing an acute loss, the unmet needs of his own grief while being in the creative writing process, his unprocessed previous traumas coming to the front, and extreme character portrayal of the novel were presumably obstructive, while the support of his wife and his cousin's similar experience of loss through its role in encouraging the creative process were supporting in processing the trauma. The novel Mourning offers a genuine portrayal of the emotional ups and downs and the looming isolation, as well as of the role of the community experienced during bereavement. In 1931, it is through the words of a peasant woman that László Németh conveys his message, which is still relevant today. The message of the uniqueness of bereavement helps to prevent the grief from becoming the "disease of pride".


Assuntos
Luto , Pesar , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Princípios Morais , Redação
11.
Pediatrics ; 148(5)2021 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34599007

RESUMO

Caring for a child with a serious or life-limiting illness presents many challenges for families and health care providers. Through that experience (and, many times, as it ends), parents are compelled to find and make meaning from their ultimate loss and the many losses along the way. In this Advocacy Case Study, we describe the experiences that led a bereaved mother to seek to harness the insights from her own family's loss to help support other families facing the challenges and complexities of a child's serious illness. Her family initially established a family foundation to advocate for palliative care. She later partnered with her family's general pediatrician and the American Academy of Pediatrics to educate providers and bring parent voices to health care provider discussions. This work eventually led to the development of the Courageous Parents Network, a nonprofit focused on making these parent and provider voices widely available to families and providers through a Web-based collection of videos, blogs, podcasts, and printable guides. Through these insights, the organization addresses feelings of isolation, anxiety, and grief. In addition, these voices illustrate the power and benefits of the growing acceptance of pediatric palliative care practices. Important lessons learned through these efforts include: (1) the power of stories for validation, healing, and understanding; (2) opportunity to extend the reach of pediatric palliative care through provider education and skill-building; (3) critical importance of the parent-provider advocacy collaboration; and (4) necessity of market testing and continuous improvement.


Assuntos
Associações de Consumidores/organização & administração , Cuidados Paliativos , Pais , Defesa do Paciente , Assistência Terminal , Ansiedade , Criança , Pesar , Humanos , Pediatras , Pediatria , Relações Profissional-Família , Isolamento Social , Sociedades Médicas
12.
Enferm Clin ; 31: S112-S116, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34629857

RESUMO

Objective: The objective of this review was to synthesize the possible evidence to establish recommendations on the approach of mourning and death in relatives of COVID-19 patients, as well as offering substitute resources for the necessary rituals and procedures in order to build up functional griefs and prevent complicated bereavements. Method: A bibliographic research was conducted in MEDLINE, EMBASE, SCIENCEDIRECT, WOS, CINAHL and CUIDEN databases, using MeSH terms, (family, patient, isolation hospitals, grief, death, ceremonial behavior, self-care, affects and social networks) with its corresponding boolean equation. The selected articles have been published in a critical reading through the Critical Assessment Skills Program in Spanish (CASPe). Results: A total of 560 articles were initially found, after applying the selection criteria, 13 studies were included in the analysis, of which 8 were systematic reviews, 3 qualitative studies, 1 cross-sectional prospective pilot study and 1 clinical guide, which allowed identifying strategies for the approach grief and death attending to this moment of exceptionality covid19, influencing the competence management of health professionals in emotional support and accompaniment as well as the monitoring throughout the process, as well as in the communication with the family. Conclusion: In the final process of life in COVID-19's time, health professionals must work farewells, alternative funeral rites, spiritual care and early coping that will allow the prevention of complicated grief.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Estudos Transversais , Família , Pesar , Humanos , Projetos Piloto , Estudos Prospectivos , SARS-CoV-2
13.
BMC Palliat Care ; 20(1): 159, 2021 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34649560

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Childhood bereavement is common, and is associated with elevated symptoms of grief with distress and impairment. However, few developmentally appropriate interventions to support grieving children are available to date. In Toulouse, France we developed an innovative four-session group intervention to support grieving families and evaluated its feasibility and acceptability. METHODS: The workshop consists of four sessions over 4 months, open to children bereaved of a sibling or parent, and co-facilitated by two mental health professionals. After an intake assessment, children were placed into closed groups according to age and relation to the deceased. The session content was balanced between creative activities and grief-related discussions. Overall satisfaction was evaluated in March-April of 2020 by an 8-question online survey of children and parents having participated between 2011 and 2019. Freeform commentaries were analysed using the thematic synthesis process. RESULTS: Of the 230 emails sent in March 2020, 46 children and 81 parents agreed to participate (55% response rate). The families reported an overall high level of satisfaction regarding the intervention that was rated as good to excellent. A majority of respondents considered their participation in the workshop helpful and in accordance with their expectations. Most would recommend the workshop to a friend, and would participate again in the group if needed. The group intervention helped reduce social isolation, facilitated grief expression, and supported the creation of a sense of community among bereaved families. CONCLUSIONS: Encouraging community and mutual support among grieving families is fundamental in bereavement care. Our four-session workshop held over 4 months and led by mental health professionals aimed to help reduce social isolation and foster coping skills through artistic creation and group discussion. Our results highlight the potential need for family bereavement support over a longer period and a provision of a variety of services. Our intervention model is feasible for families, and further studies examining its efficacy are warranted.


Assuntos
Luto , Irmãos , Adaptação Psicológica , Adolescente , Criança , Pesar , Humanos , Pais
14.
Br J Gen Pract ; 71(711): 460-461, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34593396
15.
Med J Aust ; 215(10): 456-457, 2021 11 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34704276
16.
Trials ; 22(1): 751, 2021 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34711262

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Family caregivers of dying cancer patients are affected by grief experiences and bereavement complications. Several approaches such as psycho-emotional care and an increase in spirituality have been suggested to diminish these complications. However, the knowledge about the effects of family-based dignity intervention and expressive writing on anticipatory grief in family caregivers of dying cancer patients is limited. This is a study protocol describing a hospital-based mixed-methods study on the effects of family-based dignity intervention and expressive writing on anticipatory grief in family caregivers of dying cancer patients. METHODS: This mixed-methods study will be done in an embedded explanatory design with two quantitative and qualitative phases. In the first phase (quantitative), a randomized clinical trial will be done, in which 200 family caregivers of dying cancer patients will be randomly assigned to one of the four groups: family-based single dignity intervention (group 1), expressive writing intervention (group 2), combined family-based single dignity intervention and expressive writing (group 3), and control (group 4). At baseline, 1 week and 2 weeks after the interventions, anticipatory grief will be assessed by a 13-item anticipatory grief scale. After the quantitative phase, the qualitative phase will be conducted through the conventional content analysis approach of Granheim and Lundman, in which an individual semi-structured interview will be taken from participants in the first phase to collect data on their experiences on interventions. Finally, data from the quantitative and qualitative phases will be analyzed and discussed. DISCUSSION: Family caregivers of dying cancer patients usually experience depression, anxiety, and psychological distress due to isolation and inadequate social support. Psychological interventions such as dignity and expressive writing interventions may help caregivers to obtain a better understanding of themselves and to increase their abilities to cope with caregiving difficulties. Therefore, there is a need for a comprehensive study confirming the effects of mentioned interventions on family caregivers of dying cancer patients. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Iranian Registry of Clinical Trials ( www.irct.ir ) identifier: IRCT20210111050010N1. Date of trial registration: Feb 6, 2021. This is the first version of this protocol.


Assuntos
Luto , Neoplasias , Cuidadores , Pesar , Humanos , Irã (Geográfico) , Neoplasias/terapia , Qualidade de Vida , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Respeito , Redação
17.
BMC Psychol ; 9(1): 167, 2021 Oct 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34711291

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The psychological and social issues experienced by family members of missing persons are different from normal grief following the death of a loved one. The term "Ambiguous loss" describes this psychological phenomenon. Ambiguous loss acts as a barrier to adjusting to grief, leading to symptoms of depression and intra and interpersonal relational conflicts. An in-depth phenomenological understanding of this subjective experience is important. METHOD: A qualitative study was conducted among close family members of persons who had gone missing during the civil conflict and the 2004 tsunami in southern Sri Lanka following formal ethical approval from an university ethics review committee. Purposive and snowballing sampling methods were used to recruit the participants. Theoretical sample saturation was achieved with 24 family members of missing persons. Responders were mothers, fathers, wives, husbands, and siblings of missing individuals. In-depth interviews were recorded with the help of a semi-structured guide, after informed consent. The recordings were transcribed and coded by three independent investigators. The investigators through consensus arrived at the phenomenological themes and grounded them through reflexivity. The triangulation process involved cross-checking observational notes made by the interviewers and consulting the interviewees. RESULTS: We interviewed 24 first degree relatives of missing individuals. Twenty-one of the interviewees were unsure about the fate of the missing individual, while three of them believed the missing individual to be dead. Of the 24 missing individuals, 20 were males and 18 had gone missing in civil conflicts and 6 in the Indian Ocean Tsunami. Six predominant phenomenological themes were identified. Those were lack of closure, hope, guilt, helplessness, perpetual suffering, and an emotional vacuum. These phenomenological experiences are highlighted by the interviewees through a range of utterances that hold profound cultural, social and emotional significance of unresolved and vacillating grief. CONCLUSION: The highlighted phenomenology of grief in surviving family members of those who go missing following traumatic events demands a response from health and social services in every country that experiences disaster. The surviving loved one is 'locked in grief' indefinitely and future research on evidence-based interventions to overcome this predicament is warranted.


Assuntos
Família , Pesar , Adaptação Psicológica , Ansiedade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Mães , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Sri Lanka
18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34699700

RESUMO

Grief is a process provoked as a response to different losses, such as death, loss of job, relationship breakdown, some unexpected life events and changes, etc. The experiences of loss and bereavement are very individual. Even though loss is expected, the person feels traumatized, especially if death is provoked by violence, natural disasters, or war. This pandemic, like other disasters (wars, tsunami, earthquakes, floods, etc.) has provoked intensive reactions of grief, reactions that could persist for years. The core symptoms of grief are described in the ICD-11 and DSM-5 manuals. The term "complicated grief" in the medical sense refers to a superimposed process that alters grief and modifies its course for the worse. Prolonged grief disorder (PGD) is characterized by normal grief symptoms, but these are symptoms that remain too intense for too long of a period. This article is a review of the manifestations and duration of grief in different occasions, and it is based on over 50 published papers, and discoveries in the Medline and Psych-Net databases. Commonly described reactions to grief are: shock, disbelief or denial, a high level of anxiety, distress, anger, sadness, insomnia, and a loss of appetite. As predictors for a high/slow decreasing trajectory of grief process are: female gender, reported symptoms of depression before the traumatic event, and higher scores on avoidance. However, grief is transient, even as we are is in the midst of its clutches. People should expect to fluctuate between moments of sadness and mourning, and moments of acceptance, or even happiness for being alive. Researchers suppose that when a crisis passes; most people will be able to bounce back and move on with their lives.


Assuntos
Luto , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos , Ansiedade , Manual Diagnóstico e Estatístico de Transtornos Mentais , Feminino , Pesar , Humanos
19.
Int J Qual Stud Health Well-being ; 16(1): 1996872, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34714218

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The COVID-19 pandemic has disrupted thousands of individuals' experience of caregiving and grief. This qualitative study aimed to gain in-dept understanding of family caregivers' lived experiences of caregiving and bereavement in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic in Quebec, Canada. The study also aimed at providing new insight about caregiving and bereavement by analysing the metaphors family caregivers use to report their experiences. METHODS: The design of this study was guided by an interpretative phenomenological approach. In-depth interviews were conducted with twenty bereaved family caregivers who had lost a loved one during the first waves of the pandemic. RESULTS: Results indicate that bereaved family caregivers lived and understood their experience in terms of metaphoric cut-offs, obstructions and shockwaves. These three metaphors represented the grief process and the bereaved's quest for social connection, narrative coherence and recognition. CONCLUSION: By identifying the meaning of the bereaved's metaphors and the quest they reveal, our study underlines the singularity of pandemic grief and points to the value and meaning of caregiving with regard to the grieving process.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Pandemias , Cuidadores , Família , Pesar , Humanos , Metáfora , SARS-CoV-2
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