Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 1.884
Filtrar
1.
BMC Med Educ ; 21(1): 574, 2021 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34772406

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Effective social and behavioral sciences teaching in medical education requires integration with clinical experience, as well as collaboration between social and behavioral sciences experts and clinical faculty. However, teaching models for achieving this integration have not been adequately established, nor has the collaboration process been described. This study aims to propose a collaborative clinical case conference model to integrate social and behavioral sciences and clinical experience. Additionally, we describe how social and behavioral science experts and clinical faculty collaborate during the development of the teaching method. METHODS: A team of medical teachers and medical anthropologists planned for the development of a case conference based on action research methodology. The initial model was planned for a 3-h session, similar to a Clinicopathological Conference (CPC) structure. We evaluated each session based on field notes taken by medical anthropologists and post-session questionnaires that surveyed participants' reactions and points of improvement. Based on the evaluation, a reflective meeting was held to discuss revisions for the next trial. We incorporated the development process into undergraduate medical curricula in clinical years and in a postgraduate and continuous professional development session for residents and certified family physicians in Japan. We repeated the plan-act-observe-reflection process more than 15 times between 2015 and 2018. RESULTS: The development of the collaborative clinical case conference model is summarized in three phases: Quasi-CPC, Interactive, and Co-constructive with unique structures and underlying paradigms. The model successfully contributed to promoting the participants' recognition of the clinical significance of social and behavioral sciences. The case preparation entailed unique and significant learning of how social and behavioral sciences inform clinical practice. The model development process promoted the mutual understanding between clinical faculty and anthropologists, which might function as faculty development for teachers involved in social and behavioral sciences teaching in medical education. CONCLUSIONS: The application of appropriate conference models and awareness of their underlying paradigms according to educational situations promotes the integration of social and behavioral sciences with clinical medicine education. Faculty development regarding social and behavioral sciences in medical education should focus on collaboration with scholars with different paradigmatic orientations.


Assuntos
Ciências do Comportamento , Educação Médica , Currículo , Docentes , Docentes de Medicina , Pesquisa sobre Serviços de Saúde , Humanos , Ensino
2.
PLoS One ; 16(9): e0252003, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34534218

RESUMO

Academic disciplines are often organized according to the behaviors they examine. While most research on a behavior tends to exist within one discipline, some behaviors are examined by multiple disciplines. Better understanding of behaviors and their relationships should enable knowledge transfer across disciplines and theories, thereby dramatically improving the behavioral knowledge base. We propose a taxonomy built on the World Health Organization's International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health (ICF), but design the taxonomy as a stand-alone extension rather than an improvement to ICF. Behaviors considered important enough to serve as the dependent variable in articles accepted for publication in top journals were extracted from nine different behavioral and social disciplines. A six-step development and validation process was employed, leading to the final taxonomy. A hierarchy of behaviors under the top banner of Engaging in activities/participating, reflective of ICF's D. hierarchy was constructed with eight immediate domains addressing behaviors ranging from learning, exercising, self-care, and substance use. The resulting International Classification of Behaviors (IC-Behavior), provides a behavior taxonomy targeted towards the interdisciplinary integration of nomological networks relevant to behavioral theories. While IC-Behavior has been labeled v.1.0 to communicate that it is by no means an endpoint, it has empirically shown to provide flexibility for the addition of new behaviors and is tested in the health domain.


Assuntos
Ciências do Comportamento , Classificação Internacional de Doenças/normas , Classificação Internacional de Funcionalidade, Incapacidade e Saúde/organização & administração , Humanos , Estudos Interdisciplinares , Organização Mundial da Saúde
3.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 5188, 2021 08 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34465784

RESUMO

Studying naturalistic animal behavior remains a difficult objective. Recent machine learning advances have enabled limb localization; however, extracting behaviors requires ascertaining the spatiotemporal patterns of these positions. To provide a link from poses to actions and their kinematics, we developed B-SOiD - an open-source, unsupervised algorithm that identifies behavior without user bias. By training a machine classifier on pose pattern statistics clustered using new methods, our approach achieves greatly improved processing speed and the ability to generalize across subjects or labs. Using a frameshift alignment paradigm, B-SOiD overcomes previous temporal resolution barriers. Using only a single, off-the-shelf camera, B-SOiD provides categories of sub-action for trained behaviors and kinematic measures of individual limb trajectories in any animal model. These behavioral and kinematic measures are difficult but critical to obtain, particularly in the study of rodent and other models of pain, OCD, and movement disorders.


Assuntos
Algoritmos , Comportamento , Ciências do Comportamento/métodos , Camundongos/fisiologia , Animais , Comportamento Animal , Ciências do Comportamento/instrumentação , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Feminino , Humanos , Aprendizado de Máquina , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Software
4.
J Int AIDS Soc ; 24(8): e25771, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34339113

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: COVID-19 parallels HIV in many ways. Socio-behavioural science has been critical in elucidating the context and factors surrounding individual levels of engagement with known effective prevention and treatment tools for HIV, thus offering important lessons for ongoing efforts to combat the COVID-19 pandemic. DISCUSSION: Non-adherence to effective disease mitigation strategies (e.g. condoms for HIV and masks for COVID-19) can be attributed in part to prioritizing comfort, convenience and individual autonomy over public health. Importantly, misinformation can fuel denialism and conspiracies that discredit scientific knowledge and motivate nonadherence. These preferences and the extent to which individuals can act on their preferences may be constrained by the structures and culture in which they live. Both HIV and COVID-19 have been politicized and influenced by evolving recommendations from scientists, clinicians, policymakers and politically motivated organizations. While vaccines are vital for ending both pandemics, their impact will depend on availability and uptake. Four decades of experience with the HIV epidemic have shown that information alone is insufficient to overcome these challenges; interventions must address the underlying, often complex factors that influence human behaviour. This article builds from socio-behavioural science theory and describes practical and successful approaches to enable and support adherence to prevention and treatment strategies, including vaccine adoption. Key methods include reframing tools to enhance motivation, promoting centralized sources of trusted information, strategic development and messaging with and within key populations (e.g. through social media) and appealing to self-empowerment, altruism and informed decision making. Orchestrated evidence-based activism is needed to overcome manipulative politicization, while consistent transparent messaging around scientific discoveries and clinical recommendations are critical for public acceptance and support. Ultimately, the effectiveness of COVID-19 vaccines will depend on our ability to engender trust in the communities most affected. CONCLUSIONS: Many lessons learned from socio-behavioural science in the HIV pandemic are applicable to the COVID-19 pandemic. Individual behaviour must be understood within its interpersonal and societal context to address the current barriers to adherence to disease-mitigating strategies and promote an effective response to the COVID-19 pandemic, which is likely to be endured for the foreseeable future.


Assuntos
COVID-19/psicologia , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Ciências do Comportamento , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Vacinas contra COVID-19 , Infecções por HIV/epidemiologia , Infecções por HIV/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Saúde Pública , SARS-CoV-2
5.
Am J Law Med ; 47(2-3): 205-248, 2021 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34405780

RESUMO

This Article presents the first comprehensive analysis of the contribution of behavioral science to the legal response to the COVID-19 pandemic. At the descriptive level, the Article shows how different psychological phenomena such as loss aversion and cultural cognition influenced the way policymakers and the public perceived the pandemic, and how such phenomena affected the design of laws and regulations responding to COVID-19. At the normative level, the Article compares nudges (i.e., choice-preserving, behaviorally informed tools that encourage people to behave as desired) and mandates (i.e., obligations backed by sanctions that dictate to people how they must behave). The Article argues that mandates rather than nudges should serve in most cases as the primary legal tool used to regulate behavior during a pandemic. Nonetheless, this Article highlights ways in which nudges can complement mandates.


Assuntos
Ciências do Comportamento , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis/métodos , Formulação de Políticas , Políticas de Controle Social/legislação & jurisprudência , Viés , Humanos , Motivação , SARS-CoV-2 , Cognição Social , Normas Sociais
6.
Nat Hum Behav ; 5(8): 980-989, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34294901

RESUMO

In the past decade, behavioural science has gained influence in policymaking but suffered a crisis of confidence in the replicability of its findings. Here, we describe a nascent heterogeneity revolution that we believe these twin historical trends have triggered. This revolution will be defined by the recognition that most treatment effects are heterogeneous, so the variation in effect estimates across studies that defines the replication crisis is to be expected as long as heterogeneous effects are studied without a systematic approach to sampling and moderation. When studied systematically, heterogeneity can be leveraged to build more complete theories of causal mechanism that could inform nuanced and dependable guidance to policymakers. We recommend investment in shared research infrastructure to make it feasible to study behavioural interventions in heterogeneous and generalizable samples, and suggest low-cost steps researchers can take immediately to avoid being misled by heterogeneity and begin to learn from it instead.


Assuntos
Ciências do Comportamento , Formulação de Políticas , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Projetos de Pesquisa , Inteligência Artificial , Controle Comportamental , Causalidade , Humanos , Erro Experimental
10.
Lab Anim (NY) ; 50(7): 174-184, 2021 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34140683

RESUMO

Despite considerable advances in both in silico and in vitro approaches, in vivo studies that involve animal model systems remain necessary in many research disciplines. Neuroscience is one such area, with studies often requiring access to a complete nervous system capable of dynamically selecting between and then executing a full range of cognitive and behavioral outputs in response to a given stimulus or other manipulation. The involvement of animals in research studies is an issue of active public debate and concern and is therefore carefully regulated. Such regulations are based on the principles of the 3Rs of Replacement, Reduction and Refinement. In the sub-specialty of behavioral neuroscience, Full/Absolute Replacement remains a major challenge, as the complete ex vivo recapitulation of a system as complex and dynamic as the nervous system has yet to be achieved. However, a number of very positive developments have occurred in this area with respect to Relative Replacement and to both Refinement and Reduction. In this review, we discuss the Refinement- and Reduction-related benefits yielded by the introduction of touchscreen-based behavioral assessment apparatus. We also discuss how data generated by a specific panel of behavioral tasks developed for this platform might substantially enhance monitoring of laboratory animal welfare and provide robust, quantitative comparisons of husbandry techniques to define and ensure maintenance of best practice.


Assuntos
Bem-Estar do Animal , Ciências do Comportamento , Animais , Animais de Laboratório , Cognição , Modelos Animais de Doenças
11.
Rev. cuba. salud pública ; 47(2): e2025, 2021. graf
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1341481

RESUMO

Introducción: La cooperación académica y científico-técnica en el área de las ciencias del comportamiento abarca temáticas como el bienestar psicosocial, la promoción de salud y la prevención de enfermedades crónicas. A partir de ello, entre los años 2016 y 2018, se desarrollaron intercambios sistemáticos entre psicólogos de varias instituciones académicas y de salud de Cuba y de la Universidad de Connecticut con el propósito de fomentar la cooperación en el área de la psicología de la salud. Objetivo: Describir las principales propuestas de investigaciones psicosociales generadas a partir de la colaboración científico-técnica entre profesionales cubanos e investigadores de la Universidad de Connecticut, entre 2016 y 2018. Métodos: Se desarrolló una investigación cualitativa, con un diseño etnográfico. Se eligieron informantes clave entre investigadores cubanos y estadounidenses y se usaron como técnicas la observación participante, la entrevista en profundidad y el análisis de documentos. Resultados: Se gestaron varias propuestas de investigaciones que propiciaron el desarrollo de intervenciones psicosociales preventivas. Se promovió la realización de estudios basados en el reconocimiento de la significación de la determinación social de la salud en la prevención de las enfermedades crónicas. Se tuvieron en cuenta diez estudios dirigidos a la prevención y atención de los trastornos adictivos que fueron desarrollados durante los años 2017 - 2018. Conclusiones: A partir de los encuentros realizados se elaboraron propuestas que propiciaron la ejecución de intervenciones preventivas individuales y comunitarias exitosas. A partir de la colaboración científico-técnica internacional y de la aplicación de acciones que promuevan la información, la motivación y la formación de habilidades conductuales se potencia el desarrollo de comportamientos preventivos(AU)


Introduction: Academic and scientific-technical cooperation in the area of behavioral sciences covers topics such as psychosocial well-being, health promotion and prevention of chronic diseases. Based on this, between 2016 and 2018, systematic exchanges were developed between psychologists from several academic and health institutions from Cuba and the University of Connecticut, with the aim of promoting cooperation in the area of health psychology. Objective: To describe the main psychosocial research proposals generated, between 2016 and 2018, from the scientific-technical collaboration between Cuban professionals and researchers from the University of Connecticut. Methods: A qualitative research was developed, with an ethnographic design. Key informants were chosen from among Cuban and US researchers. The techniques used were participant observation, in-depth interview, and document analysis. Results: Several research proposals were developed that led to the development of preventive psychosocial interventions. Studies were promoted aimed at recognizing the significance of health social determination in the prevention of chronic diseases. Ten studies were taken into account, as they were aimed at the prevention and care of addictive disorders that were developed during the years 2017 - 2018. Conclusions: During the meetings held, proposals were made that led to the implementation of successful individual and community preventive interventions. From the international scientific-technical collaboration and the application of actions that promote information, motivation and the formation of behavioral skills, the development of preventive behaviors is promoted(AU)


Assuntos
Medicina do Comportamento/métodos , Ciências do Comportamento , Adaptação Psicológica , Intervenção Psicossocial/educação , Promoção da Saúde/métodos
12.
Nat Hum Behav ; 5(5): 550-556, 2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33986518

RESUMO

Human activities are degrading ecosystems worldwide, posing existential threats for biodiversity and humankind. Slowing and reversing this degradation will require profound and widespread changes to human behaviour. Behavioural scientists are therefore well placed to contribute intellectual leadership in this area. This Perspective aims to stimulate a marked increase in the amount and breadth of behavioural research addressing this challenge. First, we describe the importance of the biodiversity crisis for human and non-human prosperity and the central role of human behaviour in reversing this decline. Next, we discuss key gaps in our understanding of how to achieve behaviour change for biodiversity conservation and suggest how to identify key behaviour changes and actors capable of improving biodiversity outcomes. Finally, we outline the core components for building a robust evidence base and suggest priority research questions for behavioural scientists to explore in opening a new frontier of behavioural science for the benefit of nature and human wellbeing.


Assuntos
Ciências do Comportamento , Biodiversidade , Conservação dos Recursos Naturais , Ecossistema , Pesquisa Comportamental , Humanos
13.
Implement Sci ; 16(1): 53, 2021 05 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33990207

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Using frameworks such as the Behaviour Change Wheel to develop behaviour change interventions can be challenging because judgement is needed at various points in the process and it is not always clear how uncertainties can be resolved. We propose a transparent and systematic three-phase process to transition from a research evidence base to a behaviour change intervention. The three phases entail evidence synthesis, stakeholder involvement and decision-making. We present the systematic development of an intervention to enhance the quality of psychological treatment delivered by telephone, as a worked example of this process. METHOD: In phase 1 (evidence synthesis), we propose that the capabilities (C), opportunities (O) and motivations (M) model of behaviour change (COM-B) can be used to support the synthesis of a varied corpus of empirical evidence and to identify domains to be included in a proposed behaviour change intervention. In phase 2 (stakeholder involvement), we propose that formal consensus procedures (e.g. the RAND Health/University of California-Los Angeles Appropriateness Methodology) can be used to facilitate discussions of proposed domains with stakeholder groups. In phase 3 (decision-making), we propose that behavioural scientists identify (with public/patient input) intervention functions and behaviour change techniques using the acceptability, practicability, effectiveness/cost-effectiveness, affordability, safety/side-effects and equity (APEASE) criteria. RESULTS: The COM-B model was a useful tool that allowed a multidisciplinary research team, many of whom had no prior knowledge of behavioural science, to synthesise effectively a varied corpus of evidence (phase 1: evidence synthesis). The RAND Health/University of California-Los Angeles Appropriateness Methodology provided a transparent means of involving stakeholders (patients, practitioners and key informants in the present example), a structured way in which they could identify which of 93 domains identified in phase 1 were essential for inclusion in the intervention (phase 2: stakeholder involvement). Phase 3 (decision-making) was able to draw on existing Behaviour Change Wheel resources to revisit phases 1 and 2 and facilitate agreement among behavioural scientists on the final intervention modules. Behaviour changes were required at service, practitioner, patient and community levels. CONCLUSION: Frameworks offer a foundation for intervention development but require additional elucidation at each stage of the process. The decisions adopted in this study are designed to provide an example on how to resolve challenges while designing a behaviour change intervention. We propose a three-phase process, which represents a transparent and systematic framework for developing behaviour change interventions in any setting.


Assuntos
Ciências do Comportamento , Intervenção Psicossocial , Terapia Comportamental , Humanos , Telefone
14.
Environ Monit Assess ; 193(Suppl 1): 270, 2021 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33988766

RESUMO

The plot-level decisions of land managers (i.e., farmers, ranchers, and forest owners) influence landscape-scale environmental outcomes for biodiversity in agricultural landscapes. The impacts of their decisions often develop in complex, non-additive ways that unfold over time and space. Behavioral science offers insights into ways decision-makers manage complexity, uncertainty, choice over time, and social influence. We review such insights to understand the plot-level conservation actions of farmers that impact biodiversity. To make these connections concrete, we provide a case study of the decision to adopt biodiversity management practices in the heavily cultivated region of the Central Valley, California, USA. We use results from a survey of 122 farmers in the region to test whether adoption is related to farm tenure arrangements or peer influence. We find farmers who are more sensitive to peer influence are three times more likely to adopt practices that support biodiversity, including wildflowers, native grasses, cover crops, hedgerows, and wetlands. This relationship could have important implications for how plot-level decisions aggregate to landscape-scale outcomes. Finally, we suggest priorities for future research and program design to integrate behavioral science into biodiversity conservation in agricultural landscapes. By considering land managers' plot-level conservation decisions with the lens of behavioral science, we identify barriers and opportunities to promote environmental benefits.


Assuntos
Ciências do Comportamento , Conservação dos Recursos Naturais , Agricultura , Biodiversidade , California , Monitoramento Ambiental
15.
Transl Behav Med ; 11(8): 1596-1605, 2021 08 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33837786

RESUMO

Innovative methodological frameworks are needed in intervention science to increase efficiency, potency, and community adoption of behavioral health interventions, as it currently takes 17 years and millions of dollars to test and disseminate interventions. The multiphase optimization strategy (MOST) for developing behavioral interventions was designed to optimize efficiency, efficacy, and sustainability, while community-based participatory research (CBPR) engages community members in all research steps. Classical approaches for developing behavioral interventions include testing against control interventions in randomized controlled trials. MOST adds an optimization phase to assess performance of individual intervention components and their interactions on outcomes. This information is used to engineer interventions that meet specific optimization criteria focused on effectiveness, cost, or time. Combining CBPR and MOST facilitates development of behavioral interventions that effectively address complex health challenges, are acceptable to communities, and sustainable by maximizing resources, building community capacity and acceptance. Herein, we present a case study to illustrate the value of combining MOST and CBPR to optimize a multilevel intervention for reducing substance misuse among formerly incarcerated men, for under $250 per person. This integration merged experiential and cutting-edge scientific knowledge and methods, built community capacity, and promoted the development of efficient interventions. Integrating CBPR and MOST principles yielded a framework of intervention development/testing that is more efficient, faster, cheaper, and rigorous than traditional stage models. Combining MOST and CBPR addressed significant intervention science gaps and speeds up testing and implementation of interventions.


Assuntos
Ciências do Comportamento , Pesquisa Participativa Baseada na Comunidade , Terapia Comportamental , Humanos , Masculino
16.
Behav Neurosci ; 135(1): 1, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33856839

RESUMO

In this article, the incoming editor of Behavioral Neuroscience introduces himself and his editorial team, and outlines his goals for the journal through the next 6 years. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2021 APA, all rights reserved).


Assuntos
Ciências do Comportamento , Neurociências , Publicações Periódicas como Assunto/tendências , Animais , Políticas Editoriais , Objetivos , Humanos , Fatores de Tempo
17.
Patient Educ Couns ; 104(10): 2531-2535, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33863584

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Prostate cancer is now deadlier than breast cancer in the UK, with more than 12,000 men dying from it in the country in 2018. Black men are nearly three times more likely to suffer prostate cancer, with one in four contracting the disease in their lifetime. Despite being a high risk group very few black men aged 45 and over visit their GP to discuss the pros and cons of screening. This is a problem as early onset of the disease presents no symptoms and when symptoms do appear, such as urinary problems, and men do visit a doctor it is often too late to reverse the cancer's spread. This study investigates using the strong social norm of wives and girlfriends being the guardian of black men's health as a way of influencing their behaviour. METHODS: Using a historically controlled study via email we tested the social norm nudge in the field with 13 Afro-Caribbean organisations across the UK. RESULTS: The trial found the social norm nudge produced a 15.5 per cent click-through rate, which was significantly higher than the historical controls. Meanwhile, the messenger effect saw a click-through rate of 38.5 per cent on men. CONCLUSION: At a national level the social norm nudge would equate to 37,315 black women taking positive action to find out more information about their husband or boyfriend's high risk of contracting prostate cancer. PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS: Use clinicians as messengers in correspondence to promote engagement with information about prostate cancer screening.


Assuntos
Ciências do Comportamento , Neoplasias da Próstata , Detecção Precoce de Câncer , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Antígeno Prostático Específico
18.
J Prim Care Community Health ; 12: 21501327211004735, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33764795

RESUMO

The U.S. encompasses a heterogenous mix of people and health disparities exist for various subpopulations, such as minorities, women, people with limited English proficiency, those with low socioeconomic status, and other underserved groups. Differences in health outcomes arise in part due to inequalities and injustices rooted in biological, social, and structural factors. Because the origins of health disparities are multifactorial, the approaches to reduce, or even eliminate them, must be multifactorial as well. The social and behavioral sciences are well poised to address the myriad and complex factors that affect health outcomes, including those at the individual level (eg, individuals' behaviors, attitudes, and beliefs), the neighborhood level (eg, housing), the community level (eg, cultural values and norms), and the policy level (eg, public policies that influence healthcare funding and access to healthcare resources and educational materials). In addition, the social and behavioral sciences (1) help equip government agencies with the perspectives and tools needed to promote health equity and (2) contribute to rigorous, evidence-based solutions for public health issues, such as disparities found in childhood vaccination rates, childhood obesity, tobacco use, and access to health information technology. The FDA, in particular, actively conducts social and behavioral sciences research to guide the Agency's efforts to advance and support health equity.


Assuntos
Ciências do Comportamento , Equidade em Saúde , Feminino , Promoção da Saúde , Humanos , Saúde Pública
20.
J Biomed Semantics ; 12(1): 4, 2021 03 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33757593

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Incorporating the feedback of expert stakeholders in ontology development is important to ensure content is appropriate, comprehensive, meets community needs and is interoperable with other ontologies and classification systems. However, domain experts are often not formally engaged in ontology development, and there is little available guidance on how this involvement should best be conducted and managed. Social and behavioural science studies often involve expert feedback in the development of tools and classification systems but have had little engagement with ontology development. This paper aims to (i) demonstrate how expert feedback can enhance ontology development, and (ii) provide practical recommendations on how to conduct expert feedback in ontology development using methodologies from the social and behavioural sciences. MAIN BODY: Considerations for selecting methods for engaging stakeholders are presented. Mailing lists and issue trackers as existing methods used frequently in ontology development are discussed. Advisory boards and working groups, feedback tasks, consensus exercises, discussions and workshops are presented as potential methods from social and behavioural sciences to incorporate in ontology development. CONCLUSIONS: A variety of methods from the social and behavioural sciences exist to enable feedback from expert stakeholders in ontology development. Engaging domain experts in ontology development enables depth and clarity in ontology development, whilst also establishing advocates for an ontology upon its completion.


Assuntos
Ciências do Comportamento
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...