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J Surg Res ; 282: 225-231, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36327704


INTRODUCTION: The virtual residency application season posed numerous challenges for the 2021 residency match process. Many residency programs are exploring relationships between this novel format and the match process. The purpose of this study was to compare one of the largest general surgery residency program's applications and match data from preCOVID years to the 2021 virtual cycle. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review was performed of applicants to a single general surgery residency program from 2017 to 2021. The primary outcome was the number of locally matched applicants. The secondary outcomes were the total number of applications, change in applicant demographics, and variability of the geographic spread during this study period. Chi-square tests of independence, Fisher's exact tests, and negative binomial regression were performed. RESULTS: 6819 applicants were included in the study. In 2021, an increase in applications was observed. The distribution of 2021 applications was statistically different from previous years regarding gender and race (P < 0.0001). The 2021 application cycle had a greater proportion of applicants from the United States (P < 0.0001) and southern US medical schools (P = 0.008). While the 2021 cycle had significantly more interviews (P = 0.013), there were no significant differences in the demographic composition of interviewees. During the 2021 application year, all 11 matches were from southern medical schools and there was a trend to more matched female applicants compared to previous years. CONCLUSIONS: During the 2021 COVID-19 virtual match cycle, an increase in both the number of applications and number of interviews for general surgery residency was identified. The characteristics of applicants who interviewed and matched were not different when compared to previous years. As virtual interviews may become more commonplace, it is important to assess all factors that may be involved in the dynamic residency application process.

COVID-19 , Cirurgia Geral , Internato e Residência , Feminino , Humanos , Estados Unidos , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Faculdades de Medicina , Estudos Retrospectivos , Cognição , Cirurgia Geral/educação
J Surg Res ; 281: 314-320, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36228342


INTRODUCTION: There is no formalized communication curriculum for surgical training. The aim of this study is to determine the benefit of annual communication skill-building workshops for surgical residents over several years. METHODS: The general surgery and the integrated cardiothoracic surgery residents in a tertiary care, urban academic center participated in a 2-hour communication skill-building workshop each year from July 2017 to June 2021. Each participant was administered an anonymous pre-session and post-session survey with a 5-point Likert scale to assess their self-reported preparedness and their evaluation of the workshop. Survey responses were divided into three groups based on their experience in this workshop; no experience (Experience 0), 1 y of experience (Experience 1), and two or more years of experience (Experience 2+). They were compared among groups. RESULTS: Seventy-one surgical residents participated in the workshop generating 124 survey results (Experience 0, 71 [57.3%], Experience 1, 41 [33.1%], and Experience 2+, 12 [9.7%]). Self-reported preparedness scores improved for the overall group as well as for each experience group. While scores decreased significantly in the following years, they improved after each workshop. Scores were significantly better with more experience (4, interquartile range [IQR] 3-4 in Experience 0, 4, IQR 3-5 in Experience 1, 4, IQR 4-5 in Experience 2+, P < 0.001 between Experience 0 and Experience 1, P = 0.041 between Experience 1 and Experience 2+). All residents reported an overwhelmingly positive review of the curriculum. CONCLUSIONS: Yearly 2-hour communication skills practice increased surgical residents' self-reported preparedness, and the repetition helped the improvement. Annual workshops are important for residents to be more prepared for serious illness communication.

Cirurgia Geral , Internato e Residência , Humanos , Currículo , Comunicação , Inquéritos e Questionários , Competência Clínica , Cirurgia Geral/educação
J Surg Res ; 281: 328-334, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36240719


INTRODUCTION: Surgical resident operative autonomy has decreased markedly over time, reducing resident readiness for independent practice. We sought to examine operative resident autonomy for emergency acute care surgery (ACS) compared to elective cases and associated patient outcomes at veterans affairs hospitals. METHODS: The Veterans Affairs Surgical Quality Improvement Program database was queried for ACS cases (emergency general, vascular, and thoracic) at veterans affairs hospitals from 2004 to 2019. Cases are coded prospectively for the level of supervision: attending primary surgeon (AP); attending scrubbed with resident surgeon (AR); resident primary (RP), attending not scrubbed. Baseline demographics, operative variables, and outcomes were compared. RESULTS: A total of 61,275 ACS cases and 605,146 elective cases were performed during the study period. The ACS had a higher proportion of RP cases (7.2% versus 5.7%, P < 0.001). The proportion of ACS RP cases decreased from 9.9% to 4.1% (58.6%); elective RP cases decreased from 8.9% to 2.9% (67.4%). The most common ACS RP surgeries were appendectomy, amputations, and cholecystectomy. RP cases had lower American Society of Anesthesia class and lower median work relative value units than AP and AR. There was no difference between mortality rates of RP compared to AP (adjusted odds ratio [OR] 0.94 [0.80-1.09] or AR 0.94 [0.81-1.08]). While there was no difference in complications between the RP and AP (OR 1.01 [0.92-1.12]), there were significantly more complications in AR compared to RP (OR 1.20 [1.10-1.31]). CONCLUSIONS: More autonomy is granted for ACS cases compared to elective cases. While both decreased over time, the decrease is less for ACS cases. Resident autonomy does not negatively impact outcomes, even in emergent cases.

Cirurgia Geral , Internato e Residência , Cirurgiões , Humanos , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , Cuidados Críticos , Melhoria de Qualidade , Apendicectomia , Competência Clínica , Cirurgia Geral/educação , Duração da Cirurgia
Cir. Esp. (Ed. impr.) ; 100(12): 762-767, dic. 2022. ilus, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-LC-141


Introducción: La reconstrucción esofágica es un proceso quirúrgico técnicamente muy complejo, gravado por una importante morbilidad. Clásicamente se han utilizado la gastroplastia y la coloplastia, aunque la yeyunoplastia ya fue descrita por Roux en 1907. Parece demostrado que la plastia de yeyuno libre es una muy buena opción en el tratamiento de la enfermedad del esófago cervical, pero no está tan claro el papel de la yeyunoplastia supercharged en la reconstrucción del esófago torácico. El objetivo de este estudio es el análisis de las reconstrucciones esofágicas realizadas en nuestra unidad y que precisaron de un injerto de yeyuno. Métodos: Estudio retrospectivo de las reconstrucciones esofágicas realizadas con yeyunoplastias en nuestra unidad entre enero de 2011 y diciembre de 2019. Se analizan datos epidemiológicos, indicaciones, técnica quirúrgica y morbimortalidad. Resultados: Se realizaron 67 procedimientos quirúrgicos de reconstrucción esofágica compleja de los que 10 fueron yeyunoplastias: 5 yeyunos libres en esófago cervical y 5 supercharged en esófago torácico con abordaje transesternal. La morbilidad, mortalidad, estancia media y tiempo de retirada de la alimentación enteral fueron menores en los yeyunos libres que en los supercharged. Conclusiones: En nuestro grupo la yeyunoplastia supercharged es la última opción para la reconstrucción del esófago torácico; el acceso por esternotomía media nos permite un excelente abordaje del mediastino anterior y los vasos mamarios internos. El yeyuno libre sería la primera elección —con indemnidad del resto de esófago— en la reconstrucción del esófago cervical. (AU)

Introduction: Esophageal reconstruction is a very complex surgical procedure, burdened by significant morbidity. Gastroplasty and coloplasty have classically been used. Free jejunal plasty has shown to be a very good option in the treatment of cervical esophagus pathology, but the role of supercharged jejunoplasty in thoracic esophagus reconstruction is still controversial. Methods: A retrospective study of esophageal reconstructions with jejunoplasties performed in our unit between January 2011 and December 2019. Epidemiological data, indications, surgical technique, and morbidity and mortality were analyzed. Results: 67 procedures of esophageal reconstruction were performed, 10 of which were jejunoplasties: 5 free jejunums and 5 supercharged. Morbidity, mortality, mean stay and withdrawal time from enteral feeding were lower in free than in supercharged jejunums. Conclusions: Supercharged jejunoplasty was the last option for reconstruction of the thoracic esophagus. Median sternotomy access provides an excellent approach to the anterior mediastinum and the internal mammary vessels. The free jejunum would be the first choice, with the indemnity of the rest of the esophagus, in the reconstruction of the cervical esophagus. (AU)

Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Reconstrução Pós-Desastre , Esôfago , Jejuno , Cirurgia Geral , Estudos Retrospectivos
Cir. Esp. (Ed. impr.) ; 100(12): 780-782, dic. 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-LC-144


The surgical repair of lateral hernias is considered a challenge. Laparoscopic intracorporeal rectus aponeuroplasty (LIRA) has been described as a minimally invasive technique for primary incisional ventral hernias of the midline, especially for M2 to M4 ventral hernias but the indications of the concept associated to LIRA are beginning to expand to other complex locations. The aim of this video is to show the surgical steps for lateral hernias where the concept associated to LIRA is followed to repair this type of hernias. (AU)

La reparación quirúrgica de las hernias laterales se considera un reto. La aponeuroplastia intracorpórea de rectos laparoscópica (LIRA) ha sido descrita como una técnica mínimamente invasiva para tratar las hernias incisionales primarias de la línea media, especialmente para las hernias ventrales M2 a M4, pero las indicaciones del concepto asociado a LIRA comienzan a expandirse a otras localizaciones complejas. El objetivo de este vídeo es mostrar los pasos quirúrgicos de las hernias ÿaterals siguiendo el concepto asociado a LIRA para reparar este hernias. (AU)

Humanos , Hérnia , Reto , Laparoscopia , Hérnia Ventral , Cirurgia Geral
Rev. esp. cir. ortop. traumatol. (Ed. impr.) ; 66(6): 421-428, Nov-Dic. 2022. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-210652


Objetivo: Analizar los resultados clínicos, radiológicos, la supervivencia y las complicaciones obtenidos en pacientes de 70 años o más intervenidos mediante artroplastia total de rodilla (ATR) no cementada. Material y método: Se realizó un estudio observacional de pacientes intervenidos entre enero 2014-diciembre 2016 con el modelo Natural Knee (Zimmer®, Estados Unidos). Las variables principales fueron la puntuación de Oxford Knee Score y la de la escala visual analógica, la presencia de radiolucencias, complicaciones, supervivencia y motivo de revisión. Resultados: De 104 ATR, 86 estuvieron disponibles para su revisión. La mediana de edad fue de 76 años. El seguimiento medio fue de 5,4 años (rango 3,7-6,9). La puntuación del Oxford Knee Score presentó una mediana de 17 (rango 0-40) prequirúrgica y 37 (rango 5-48) posquirúrgica, p<0,001. El 87,2% de los pacientes obtuvo una mejoría clínicamente significativa. La mediana de la puntuación de la escala visual analógica fue 8 (rango 4-10) prequirúrgica y 2 (rango 1-9) posquirúrgica, p<0,001. El 88,3% de los pacientes obtuvo una disminución clínicamente significativa. Alrededor del platillo tibial, a los 3 meses de la cirugía, el 55,81% de las ATR presentaron radiolucencias, al final del seguimiento las radiolucencias estuvieron presentes en el 30,23% de las ATR. La supervivencia por todas las causas fue del 91,86% a los 77,2 meses y del 96,5% por aflojamiento aséptico. Conclusión: Las prótesis de rodilla no cementadas son una opción válida en pacientes de 70 o más años, presentando buenos resultados clínicos, radiológicos y de supervivencia.(AU)

Objective: To analyze the clinical and radiologic results, the survival and complications obtained in 70 year or older patients who underwent cementless total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Material and method: An observational study of patients operated between January 2014 and December 2016 was carried out according to the Natural Knee model (Zimmer®, USA). The main variables were the Oxford Knee Score, the visual analog scale, the presence of radiolucencies, complications, survival and reasons for revision. Results: Of 104 TKA, 86 were available for revision. The median age was 76 years. The mean follow-up was 5.4 years (range 3.7-6.9). The Oxford Knee Score punctuation showed a median of 17 presurgical (range 0-40) and 37 post surgical (range 5-48), P<.001. The 87.2% of the patients obtained a clinically significant improvement. The median visual analog scale punctuation was 8 for presurgical (range 4-10) and 2 for post surgical (range 1-9), P<.001. The 88.3% of the patients obtained a clinically significant decrease. Three months after the surgery, the 55.81% of the TKAs presented radiolucencies around the tibial plateau. At the end of the follow-up, radiolucencies were present in 30.23% of the TKAs. Survival from all causes was 91.86% at 77.2 months and 96.5% due to aseptic loosening. Conclusion: Cementless knee prostheses are a valid option in patients aged 70 or older, presenting good clinical, radiological and survival results.(AU)

Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Idoso , Traumatismos do Joelho , Artroplastia do Joelho , Análise de Sobrevida , Sobrevivência , Técnicas de Laboratório Clínico , Escala Visual Analógica , Ferimentos e Lesões , Traumatologia , Ortopedia , Cirurgia Geral , Joelho
Rev. esp. cir. ortop. traumatol. (Ed. impr.) ; 66(6): 429-437, Nov-Dic. 2022. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-210653


Introducción: La fascitis necrosante es una infección de partes blandas potencialmente letal que afecta principalmente a la fascia y a los planos profundos, con una tasa muy alta de mortalidad y de complicaciones graves derivadas. Objetivo: Evaluar las características clínicas y demográficas de pacientes con fascitis necrosante en nuestro centro y describir su manejo diagnóstico y terapéutico. Material y métodos: Revisión retrospectiva de historias clínicas de 21 pacientes diagnosticados de fascitis necrosante con afectación de extremidades entre enero de 2003 y febrero de 2021 en nuestro centro. Se recogieron datos demográficos y clínicos del proceso y de la evaluación del manejo en cada paciente. Resultados: De 21 pacientes incluidos, 15 eran varones (71,43%), con una edad media al diagnóstico de 54,38±19,55 años. Las comorbilidades más frecuentes fueron diabetes mellitus insulinodependiente en 7 pacientes (33,33%) y procesos oncológicos en 5 pacientes (23,81%). La infección fue monomicrobiana en 14 casos (66,66%), siendo Streptococcus pyogenes el microorganismo más frecuente; en 2 casos (9,52%) fue polimicrobiana, y en 5 pacientes (23,81%) no se identificó el patógeno causante. Todos los pacientes fueron intervenidos en nuestro centro, con una media de 4,14±3,98 cirugías, con un único caso de amputación de la extremidad afecta. La estancia hospitalaria media fue de 23,14±16,44 días, situándose la mortalidad global en el 47,62% (10 casos). Conclusiones: Pese a tratarse de una condición poco frecuente, la fascitis necrosante es una patología muy agresiva, con una elevada tasa de mortalidad, especialmente en pacientes inmunocomprometidos. Una edad avanzada y padecer un cuadro oncológico son factores potenciales de peor pronóstico en la evolución de este cuadro.(AU)

Background: Necrotising fasciitis is a potentially life-threatening soft tissue infection that mainly affects the fascia and deep planes, with a very high mortality rate and severe related complications. Aim: To evaluate clinical and demographic characteristics of patients with necrotising fasciitis in our hospital and to describe their diagnostic and therapeutic management. Material and methods: Retrospective review of medical records of 21 patients diagnosed with necrotising fasciitis with limb involvement between January 2003 and February 2021 in our hospital. Demographic data, clinical features and details of management and prognosis were collected for each patient. Results: Of 21 patients included, 15 were male (71.43%), with a mean age at diagnosis of 54.38±19.55 years. The most frequent comorbidities were insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus in 7 patients (33.33%) and a history of cancer in 5 patients (23.81%). Infection was monomicrobial in 14 cases (66.66%), with Streptococcus pyogenes being the most frequent microorganism; multiple pathogens were isolated in 2 patients (9.52%) and no microorganism was identified in 5 patients (23.81%). All patients underwent surgery at our hospital, with a mean of 4.14±3.98 surgeries. Only one patient underwent amputation of the affected limb. The mean hospital stay was 23.14±16.44 days, with an overall mortality of 47.62% (10 cases). Conclusions: Despite being a rare disease, necrotising fasciitis is a very aggressive pathology, with a high mortality rate, especially in immunocompromised patients. Advanced age and oncological disease are potential factors of worse prognosis in the evolution of this condition.(AU)

Humanos , Fasciite Necrosante , Fáscia , Terapêutica , Gerenciamento Clínico , 29161 , Comorbidade , Mortalidade , Pele/lesões , Estudos Retrospectivos , Ferimentos e Lesões , Traumatologia , Cirurgia Geral , Ortopedia
Rev. esp. cir. ortop. traumatol. (Ed. impr.) ; 66(6): 438-444, Nov-Dic. 2022. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-210654


Introduction and objectives: Spinal metastases (SM) account for 5–30% of patients with cancer, causing pain, deformity and/or neurological deficit. Postoperative complications are a concerning subject and wound-related complications (WRC) may delay adjuvant treatment. The objective of this study was to analyze the incidence of WRC in patients with SM that underwent surgical treatment as well as possible risk factors related to the occurrence of complications. Materials and methods: Patients with SM operated between 2011 and 2021 were analyzed. Demographics characteristics, primary tumor, general and neurological status, Tokuhashi score, type of surgical treatment, surgical length, preoperative serum albumin and hemoglobin, pre and postoperative adjuvant treatment were analyzed. The incidence and risk factors of WRC – surgical site infection, hematoma, and/or dehiscence – at 90 days was evaluated. Patients were classified in two groups according to the absence/presence of WRC. Results: 198 patients (121 males and 77 females) with an average age of 65 years (range 54–73 years) were analyzed. WRC were observed in 44 patients (22%). On multivariable analysis, significant predictors for developing WRC were low Tokuhashi score (OR=7.89, 95% CI=1.37–45.35, p=0.021), prostate cancer as primary tumor (6.73, 1.14–39.65, p=0.035), and preoperative serum albumin level ≤3.5g/dL (2.31, 1.02–5.22, p=0.044). There was no difference between groups on 90 days survival rate (p=0.714). Conclusions: In our series, the incidence of WRC was 22%, main risk factors for complications were low Tokuhashi score, lower preoperative serum albumin, and prostate cancer. Finally, short-term survival rate was not affected by the occurrence of WRC.(AU)

Introducción y objetivos: Las metástasis espinales (MV) pueden ocurrir en el 5-30% de los pacientes con cáncer, provocando dolor, deformidad y/o déficit neurológico. Las complicaciones postoperatorias son un motivo de preocupación y las complicaciones relacionadas con la herida (CRH) pueden retrasar el inicio del tratamiento adyuvante. El objetivo de este estudio fue analizar la incidencia de CRH en pacientes con MV sometidos a tratamiento quirúrgico y evaluar los posibles factores de riesgo relacionados con estas complicaciones. Materiales y métodos: Se analizaron pacientes operados por MV entre 2011 y 2021. Se analizaron características demográficas, tumor primario, estado general y neurológico, score de Tokuhashi, tipo de tratamiento quirúrgico, duración de la cirugía, albúmina sérica y hemoglobina preoperatorias, tratamiento adyuvante pre- y postoperatorio. Se evaluó la incidencia y los factores de riesgo de la CRH (infección del sitio quirúrgico, hematoma y/o dehiscencia) a los 90 días. Los pacientes se clasificaron en dos grupos según la ausencia/presencia de CRH. Resultados: Se analizaron 198 pacientes (121 hombres y 77 mujeres) con una edad promedio de 65 años (rango 54-73 años). Se observaron CRH en 44 pacientes (22%). En el análisis multivariado, los predictores significativos para el desarrollo de CRH fueron un score de Tokuhashi bajo (OR=7,89; IC del 95%=1,37-45,35; p=0,021), cáncer de próstata como tumor primario (OR=6,73; IC del 95%=1,14-39,65; p=0,035) y albúmina sérica preoperatoria≤3,5g/dL (OR=2.31; IC del 95%=1,02-5,22; p=0,044). No hubo diferencias entre los grupos en la supervivencia a los 90 días (p=0,714). Conclusiones: En nuestra serie, la incidencia de CRH fue del 22%, los principales factores de riesgo para su aparición fueron el score de Tokuhashi bajo, la albúmina sérica preoperatoria más baja y el cáncer de próstata. Finalmente, la tasa de supervivencia a corto plazo no se vio afectada por la ocurrencia de CRH.(AU)

Humanos , Doenças da Coluna Vertebral , Metástase Neoplásica , Ferimentos e Lesões/complicações , Infecção dos Ferimentos , Neoplasias , 29161 , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Operatórios , Albumina Sérica , Traumatologia , Ortopedia , Cirurgia Geral
Rev. esp. cir. ortop. traumatol. (Ed. impr.) ; 66(6): 454-460, Nov-Dic. 2022. ilus, tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-210656


Introducción y objetivos: La medición precisa de la torsión femoral es esencial para el diagnóstico, indicación y planificación preoperatoria de las osteotomías desrotadoras femorales en pacientes con inestabilidad patelofemoral o dolor anterior de rodilla. Se han descrito múltiples métodos de medición, con valores muy diferentes entre ellos y ninguno de ellos permite establecer la magnitud de la osteotomía necesaria para devolver la torsión a valores normales. El objetivo del presente trabajo es desarrollar un método de medición que permita no solo el diagnóstico de pacientes con alteraciones torsionales, sino también establecer la magnitud de la osteotomía necesaria durante la cirugía. Material y métodos: Se seleccionaron 30 pacientes sin antecedentes de patología patelofemoral que disponían de una tomografía completa de miembros inferiores por otros motivos, siendo considerados así pacientes normales. Se calculó su torsión femoral mediante los métodos de Jeanmart y de Murphy por dos radiólogos independientes. Por otra parte, dos cirujanos ortopédicos independientes realizaron la medición de la torsión mediante el método 3D propuesto. Se evaluó el comportamiento normal de los datos y se definió la variabilidad intra- e interobservador del método 3D mediante su coeficiente de correlación intraclase y mediante el gráfico de Bland-Altman, realizando una comparación cuantitativa y cualitativa respectivamente con los métodos clásicos. Se estableció el intervalo de confianza de los valores normales con el nuevo método 3D y finalmente, se analizó al patrón de regresión lineal entre los métodos de Jeanmart y Murphy con el método de medición 3D. Resultados: La media de torsión femoral con el método 3D fue de 12,74° (DE 5,96°, IC 95%: 11,67 a 13,82°). Con el método de Jeanmart, esta fue de 12,84° (DE 8,60°, IC 95%: 11,28 a 14,39°) y de 15,87° (DE 10,68°, IC 95%: 13,94 a 17,80°) con el método de Murphy.(AU)

Introduction and objectives: Accurate measurement of femoral torsion is essential to diagnosing, correct surgical decision-making, and the preoperative planning of derotational osteotomies in a subgroup of anterior knee pain patients and patellofemoral instability. Several measurement techniques have been described with great variability in the magnitude of the values. Moreover, none of them can predict the effect of rotational osteotomy on the femoral version value. The purpose of the present work is to develop a method to reliably measure femoral torsion as well as to evaluate the effects of osteotomy on the femoral version angle. Material and methods: 30 patients without previous signs neither symptoms of patellofemoral pain or patellofemoral instability and with a lower limbs CT were selected. Their femoral torsion was measured using the classic Jeanmart and the Murphy's method by two independent radiologists. Independently, two orthopedic surgeons measured femoral torsion with the 3D method described in this study. The intraclass coefficient correlation and the Bland–Altman tests were used to analyze qualitatively and quantitatively the intraobserver and interobserver variability of the method regarding the Jeanmart's and Murphy's method. The confidence interval of the Normal values of the new method were defined and a lineal regression analysis between the 3D-Jeanmart's and 3D-Muphy's methods was performed. Results: The mean femoral version with the 3D method was 12.74° (SD 5.96°, 95% CI: 11.67° to 13.82°). With Jeanmart's method, it was 12.84° (SD 8.60°, 95% CI: 11.28° to 14.39°) and 15.87° (SD 10.68°, 95% CI: 13.94° to 17.80°) with Murphy's method, being these differences not statistically significant. Both interobserver and intraobserver agreement of the 3D method were high.(AU)

Humanos , Imageamento Tridimensional , Impressão Tridimensional , Osteotomia , Fêmur , Joelho , Traumatismos do Joelho , Extremidade Inferior/diagnóstico por imagem , Pacientes , Traumatologia , Ferimentos e Lesões , Ortopedia , Cirurgia Geral
Rev. esp. cir. ortop. traumatol. (Ed. impr.) ; 66(6): 461-468, Nov-Dic. 2022. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-210657


Introducción y objetivos: Aunque se ha publicado mucho sobre el efecto de la pandemia en las urgencias traumatológicas, no se ha analizado si la incidencia de la infección o la distinta organización de los recursos disponibles según la comunidad autónoma fueron factores influyentes. Presentamos un estudio multicéntrico de tres hospitales terciarios de tres ciudades españolas con distintas características para estudiar cómo estos factores influyeron a las urgencias traumatológicas pediátricas durante la primera ola de la pandemia. Material y métodos: Presentamos un estudio retrospectivo de cohortes que compara y analiza las urgencias traumatológicas pediátricas en tres hospitales distintos durante el periodo de la primera ola de la pandemia COVID-19 y comparamos sus resultados con los del mismo periodo del año anterior, analizando el número de urgencias, la gravedad de la patología, la edad media de los pacientes, los días de ingreso y el tiempo de espera de los casos que requirieron tratamiento quirúrgico. Resultados: Se han analizado 6.474 episodios de urgencias traumatológicas infantiles. Se produjo una drástica reducción de la actividad en los tres hospitales, pero en distinta cuantía: del 83,5% en el hospital localizado en Madrid, del 75% en el hospital localizado en Valencia y del 65,9% en el ubicado en Palma de Mallorca. Las urgencias atendidas fueron de mayor gravedad en el año 2020 en comparación con el año 2019. La edad media de los pacientes atendidos durante la pandemia fue menor en comparación con el año anterior. No hubo diferencias en los días de ingreso, pero sí en la demora de la cirugía de las fracturas quirúrgicas. Conclusiones: La repercusión de la primera ola de la pandemia COVID-19 y el confinamiento decretado tuvieron una repercusión distinta en las urgencias traumatológicas pediátricas en los distintos hospitales según la incidencia de la infección y las medidas adoptadas en las diferentes comunidades autónomas.(AU)

Introduction and objectives: Although much has been published on the effect of the pandemic on trauma emergencies, it has not been analyzed whether the incidence of infection or different organization of available resources according to the Spanish region were influential factors. We present a multicenter study of three tertiary hospitals in three Spanish cities with different characteristics to study how these factors influenced pediatric trauma emergencies during the first wave of the pandemic. Material and methods: We present a retrospective cohort study that compares and analyzes pediatric trauma emergencies in three different hospitals during the period of the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic and we compare them with the same period of the previous year, analyzing the number of emergencies, the severity of the pathology, the average age of the patients, the days of admission and the waiting time of the cases that required surgical treatment. Results: A total of 6,474 pediatric trauma emergency episodes have been analyzed. There was a drastic reduction in activity in the three hospitals, but in different amounts: 83.5% in the hospital located in Madrid, 75% in the hospital located in Valencia and 65.9% in the one located in Palma, Majorca. The emergencies attended were more serious in 2020 compared to 2019. The average age of patients treated during the pandemic was lower compared to the previous year. There were no differences in the days of admission, but there were differences in the delay in surgery for surgical fractures. Conclusions: The impact of the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic and the decreed confinement had a different impact on pediatric trauma emergencies in the different hospitals according to the incidence of infection and the measures adopted in the different regions.(AU)

Humanos , Pré-Escolar , Criança , Incidência , Centros de Traumatologia , Pediatria , Betacoronavirus , Pandemias , Vírus da SARS , Infecções por Coronavirus , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência , Espanha , Ferimentos e Lesões , Traumatologia , Ortopedia , Cirurgia Geral , Estudos de Coortes , Estudos Retrospectivos
Rev. esp. cir. ortop. traumatol. (Ed. impr.) ; 66(6): 485-490, Nov-Dic. 2022. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-210660


Antecedentes y objetivo: Durante la artroplastia de rodilla se produce una pérdida sanguínea importante. El objetivo de nuestro estudio es valorar la eficacia y la seguridad de la administración tópica de 3 g de ácido tranexámico (TXA) en cuanto a la reducción de pérdidas sanguíneas en artroplastia de rodilla. Material y método: Se ha realizado un ensayo clínico aleatorizado, fase iii, doble ciego, controlado con placebo. Se incluyó a 150 pacientes en 2grupos paralelos de tratamiento (75 por brazo). La solución se administró de forma tópica intraarticular tras la cementación y previo al cierre capsular. Se realizaron determinaciones analíticas antes y después de la cirugía. Resultados: La pérdida total de sangre media para el grupo placebo fue de 831,5ml y 662,3ml para el grupo TXA con una diferencia entre ambos de 169,2ml, lo que supone un ahorro del 20,4%, siendo estadísticamente significativa (p<0,001). No se obtuvieron diferencias en el inicio de la deambulación, días de ingreso o escala visual analógica al mes de la cirugía. Se retiró a 10pacientes por infección del tracto urinario prequirúrgico, alergia a metales, fallo de selección, debilitamiento rotuliano, inestabilidad protésica, fractura tibial intraquirúrgica, cambio de indicación a prótesis unicompartimental y una pérdida de seguimiento. Hubo una única complicación no relacionada con el fármaco (globos vesicales de repetición). Conclusión: La administración de TXA de forma tópica tras la cementación de los componentes protésicos en artroplastia de rodilla en una única dosis demuestra que es segura y eficaz.(AU)

Background and objective: Knee arthroplasty is a major surgery with potential significant blood loss. Assess the efficacy and safety of topical administration of 3g of tranexamic acid (TXA) in terms of reducing blood loss in knee arthroplasty. Material and method: A randomized, phase III, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial has been conducted. We included 150 patients in 2parallel treatment groups (75 per arm). The solution was administered topically intra-articular after cementation and prior to capsular closure. Analytical determinations were made before and after surgery to quantify blood loss. Results: Total blood loss for the placebo group was 831.5ml and 662.3ml for the TXA group. The difference between the 2groups was 169.2ml; which means a save of 20.4 per cent; this difference being statistically significant (P<.001). There were no differences in terms of the onset of ambulation, days of admission or Visual Analogue Scale at one month of surgery. Ten patients were rejected for presurgical urinary tract infection, metal allergy, selection failure, patellar weakening, prosthetic instability, intrasurgical tibial fracture, change of indication to unicompartimental prosthesis and a loss of follow-up. There was only one complication unrelated to the investigational drug (bladder balloon). Conclusion: The administration of TXA topically after cementation of the prosthetic components in total knee arthroplasty in a single dose has demonstrated being safe and effective.(AU)

Humanos , Placebos , Efeito Placebo , Ácido Tranexâmico , Eficácia , Artroplastia do Joelho , Joelho/cirurgia , Traumatismos do Joelho , Prótese do Joelho , Ferimentos e Lesões , Traumatologia , Ortopedia , Cirurgia Geral
Rev. esp. cir. ortop. traumatol. (Ed. impr.) ; 66(6): 491-499, Nov-Dic. 2022. ilus, tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-210661


Antecedentes y objetivo: Clásicamente el tratamiento de las lesiones agudas de la sindesmosis se ha realizado mediante tornillos. Hace unos años aparecieron implantes más flexibles que han evolucionado hasta el moderno TighRope® Knotless. El objetivo del presente estudio es comparar los resultados de ambos implantes. Material y métodos: Desde abril de 2019 hasta septiembre de 2020 reclutamos 68 pacientes diagnosticados de lesión aguda de la sindesmosis que fueron aleatorizados para tratamiento quirúrgico con tornillo o con TighRope® Knotless. Realizamos control posquirúrgico con tomografía axial computarizada, y a los 3, 6 y 12 meses se recogieron datos del rango articular, valores de escalas funcionales y se realizaron estudios de radiología simple. Resultados: Los pacientes tratados con tornillos no presentaban diferencias estadísticamente significativas en la escala AOFAS frente al grupo tratado con TighRope® Knotless a los 3 meses (83,1 vs. 81,80; p=1,03), ni a los 6 meses (88,27 vs. 88; p=0,26) ni a los 12 meses (93,03 vs. 92,10; p=0,93). Igualmente recogimos resultados similares en la escala de Olerud-Molander a los 3 meses (65 vs. 61,50; p=3,5), 6 meses (82,33 vs. 80,67; p=1,67) y 12 meses (92,67 vs. 90; p=2,67). Tampoco hubo diferencias en la tasa de malreducción posquirúrgica (ningún caso en ambos grupos), pérdida de reducción (3 en el grupo tratado con tornillo frente a 4 del grupo del TighRope® Knotless, p=0,54) o complicaciones (p=1). Conclusiones: El tratamiento de las lesiones agudas de la sindesmosis con tornillos o con TighRope® Knotless es similar tanto en resultados clínicos como radiológicos.(AU)

Background and aim: Classically acute syndesmosis injuries have been treated using screws. A few years ago more flexible implants appeared evolving to current TighRope® Knotless. The primary aim of this study is to compare clinical and radiographic outcome of both implants. Material and methods: From April 2019 to September 2020 68 patients diagnosed with acute syndesmosis injury were randomized to use screws or TighRope® Knotless. Syndesmosis reduction was assessed using bilateral CT potsoperatively. Outcomes were clinically and radiologically assessed at three, six, and twelve months after surgery. Results: No significant differences were identified in the AOFAS Scale between groups at three months (83.1 vs. 81.80; P=1.03), nor at six (88.27 vs. 88; P=.26) or at twelve (93.03 vs. 92.10; P=,93). There were also no differences in Olerud-Molander scale at three (65 vs. 61.50; P=3.5), six (82.33 vs. 80.67; P=1.67) and twelve months (92.67 vs. 90; P=2.67). Likewise, there were no differences in rate of postoperative malreduction (no cases in both groups), loss of reduction (three cases in screw group vs. four in TighRope® Knotless group, P=.54) or complications (P=1). Conclusions: Treatment of acute syndesmosis injuries with screws or the TighRope® Knotless implant is similar in both clinical and radiological results.(AU)

Humanos , Parafusos Ósseos , Articulação do Tornozelo , Traumatismos do Tornozelo/tratamento farmacológico , Fraturas do Tornozelo , Tornozelo/cirurgia , Ferimentos e Lesões , Traumatologia , Ortopedia , Cirurgia Geral
Rev. esp. cir. ortop. traumatol. (Ed. impr.) ; 66(6): 500-503, Nov-Dic. 2022. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-210662


Introducción: En las últimas décadas la práctica deportiva en los niños ha incrementado, presentándose así mayores lesiones osteomusculares. No existen escalas validadas al español para la evaluación funcional de la rodilla en niños. Se realizó la validación y adaptación transcultural de la escala Pedi-IKDC al español, usada para este fin. Metodología: Se aplicó la escala a 50 pacientes operados por lesiones traumáticas de la rodilla entre el 2016 y el 2021, se realizó el proceso de validación, previa prueba piloto, adaptación transcultural de palabras al español, traducción-retraducción, y análisis estadístico, determinación de consistencia interna del instrumento, correlación intraclase, test-retest y evaluación de dispersión de los datos. Resultados: La consistencia interna del instrumento evaluado es buena según la escala de Gregory, con un alfa de Cronbach de 0,82; la correlación intraclase se consideró sustancial (0,624) y al momento de realizar la correlación test-retest se encontró un coeficiente de 0,91. En el gráfico de Bland-Altman se evidenció una baja dispersión entre los datos. Conclusión: La escala Pedi-IKDC puede ser una herramienta útil para evaluar la funcionalidad en niños que han sido llevados a cirugía de rodilla; se considera válida, con una adecuada confiabilidad y con la ventaja adicional de ser de fácil aplicación.(AU)

Introduction: In the last decades sports practice in children has increased, thus increasing the number of musculoskeletal injuries. There are no validated scales in Spanish for the functional evaluation of knee aspects in children. The validation and cross-cultural adaptation of the Pedi-IKDC scale to Spanish, used for this purpose, was carried out. Methodology: The scale was applied to 50 patients that suffered traumatic knee injuries between 2016 and 2021 and underwent surgical interventions. The validation process of the scale was carried out after a pilot test, cross-cultural adaptation of words into Spanish, translation-retranslation, statistical, determination of internal consistency of the instrument, intraclass correlation, test-retest and evaluation of data dispersion. Results: The internal consistency of the evaluated instrument is good according to the Gregory scale with a Cronbach's alpha of 0.82 The intraclass correlation was considered substantial (0.624) and the test-retest correlation, showed a coefficient of 0.91. The Bland-Altman graph showed a low dispersion among the data. Conclusion: The Pedi-IKDC scale can be a useful tool to assess functionality in children who have undergone knee surgery, it is considered valid, with adequate reliability and with the advantage of easy application.(AU)

Humanos , Criança , 35150 , Joelho/cirurgia , Traumatismos do Joelho , Comparação Transcultural , Sistema Musculoesquelético , Ferimentos e Lesões , Traumatologia , Ortopedia , Cirurgia Geral