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1.
J. Health Biol. Sci. (Online) ; 10(1): 1-4, 01/jan./2022. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1370925

RESUMO

Introduction: orofacial clefts are common congenital malformations with an important social, psychological, and economic impact. The treatment of this condition may include different surgical procedures that previously require an adequate oral condition. Case report: we report a case of dental treatment before palatoplasty in a male patient of 17 years-old with bilateral cleft lip and palate and lesion in the jugal mucosa. Final considerations: the adequacy of the oral environment is a fundamental step in the treatment of patients with orofacial clefts and aims to restore oral health regardless of the degree of complexity of the dental treatment through the reduction of the pathogenic microbiota, elimination of retentive niches, instructions on diet and adequate oral hygiene and constant patient motivation.


Objetivos: as fissuras orofaciais são malformações congênitas comuns, com importante impacto social, psicológico e econômico. O tratamento dessa condição pode incluir vários procedimentos cirúrgicos que requerem previamente uma adequada condição bucal. Relato de caso: Relatamos o caso de tratamento odontológico prévio a palatoplastia em um paciente do gênero masculino de 17 anos de idade, com fissura transforame incisivo bilateral e lesão em mucosa jugal. Considerações finais: A adequação do meio bucal é uma etapa fundamental no tratamento de pacientes com fissuras orofaciais e visa restabelecer a saúde bucal independente do grau de complexidade do tratamento odontológico por meio da redução da microbiota patogênica, eliminação de nichos retentivos, orientações sobre dieta e higiene bucal adequada e motivação constante do paciente.


Assuntos
Fissura Palatina , Higiene Bucal , Palato , Fenda Labial , Cissus , Cárie Dentária , Fissura , Reabilitação Bucal
2.
J. Health Biol. Sci. (Online) ; 10(1): 1-5, 01/jan./2022. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1358203

RESUMO

Objectives: The present study was designed to examine the efficacy of Cissus quadrangularis paste on fracture healing in artificially induced fractured rabbits. Methods: Fifteen rabbits were separated into three groups namely A, B, and C. Veldt grape paste was applied in groups B and C (Treatment Group) by close reduction and open reduction methods of fracture management; respectively, while group A was kept as control. The blood parameter and fracture healing properties in all animals have been monitored and examined routinely during the study period. Results: Both treated groups revealed lower serum calcium levels (SCL) than the control group after 24 hours of fracture that became within the normal range on the 14th day. Fracture healing in the treated groups has been commenced more rapidly than the control group with complete bridging of discontinuity by a distinct osseous callus in the fracture line on day 7 and complete effacing of fracture line on day 14. Conclusion: We did not find any type of anomalousness, clinical deviations, and alteration of serum calcium level on the 14th day of the fracture in treated animals hence Veldt Grape paste could be readily applicable to the management of the fracture in animals.


Objetivos: avaliar a eficácia da pasta de Cissus quadrangularis na consolidação de fraturas em coelhos fraturados artificialmente. Metodos: quinze coelhos foram separados em três grupos (A, B e C). A pasta foi aplicada nos grupos B e C (Grupo de Tratamento) pelos métodos de redução fechada e redução aberta de gerenciamento de fraturas; respectivamente. O grupo A foi mantido como controle. O parâmetro sanguíneo e as propriedades de cicatrização de fraturas em todos os animais foram monitorados e examinados, rotineiramente, durante o período do estudo. Resultados: ambos os grupos tratados revelaram níveis séricos de cálcio (SCL) mais baixos do que o grupo controle, após 24 horas de fratura que se tornou normal no 14º dia. A cicatrização da fratura nos grupos tratados foi iniciada mais rapidamente do que o grupo controle, com ponte completa de descontinuidade por um calo ósseo distinto na linha de fratura no dia 7 e apagamento completo da linha de fratura no dia 14. Conclusao: não encontramos nenhum tipo de anomalia, desvios clínicos e alteração do nível sérico de cálcio no 14º dia da fratura nos animais tratados, portanto, a pasta Veldt Grape pode ser aplicável ao manejo da fratura em animais.


Assuntos
Consolidação da Fratura , Cissus , Pomadas , Terapêutica , Calo Ósseo , Fraturas Ósseas , Objetivos , Animais de Laboratório , Métodos
3.
Phytomedicine ; 101: 154115, 2022 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35523116

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Osteopenia refers to bone density that is not normal but also not as low as that noted in osteoporosis. Osteopenia leads to osteoporosis and increases the risk of fractures. Current research is focused on agents that will prevent or slow the progression of bone loss. On the basis of published evidence, Cissus quadrangularis (CQ) might potentially provide a novel natural treatment for osteopenia. PURPOSE: To determine the effect of 24 weeks of consecutive treatment with CQ on delaying bone loss and safety in postmenopausal women (PMW) with osteopenia. METHODS: This study is a randomized, placebo-controlled trial. Here, 134 enrolled PMW with osteopenia (> 40 years and having no period for 1-10 years) received CQ at 1.2 (CQ1.2) or 1.6 g/day (CQ1.6) or placebo. The %change in bone mineral density (BMD) at the lumbar spine (L1-L4), femoral neck, and total hip served as the primary outcome. The %change in bone turnover markers (BTMs), including C-terminal telopeptide of type 1 collagen (CTX) and procollagen type 1 amino-terminal propeptide (P1NP), was the secondary outcome. These outcomes were compared between the CQ vs. placebo group at weeks 12 and 24. The least significant change (LSC) was used to monitor clinical changes. The adverse events (AE) were monitored. RESULTS: A total of 108 participants completed this study. The %BMD changes in the CQ-treated groups did not differ at any site after 24 weeks compared to the placebo. Statistically significant differences were detected in CQ1.6 at the lumbar spine (0.011 ± 0.025 g/cm2, p = 0.008) and CQ1.2 at the femoral neck (-0.015 ± 0.036 g/cm2, p = 0.024) compared to baseline, but these changes did not exceed the LSC. Reduced bone remodeling activity was detected in both CQ-treated groups. Compared to the placebo, the %P1NP change was significantly reduced in CQ1.6 (-2.46 ± 26.05%; p < 0.01) at week 12 and in CQ1.2 (-3.36 ± 29.47%; p < 0.01) and CQ1.6 (-9.95 ± 22.22%; p < 0.01) at week 24. These results correlated with the within-group comparison, which showed a continuously significant increase in both BTMs in the placebo group. However, a stable CTX and a significant reduction in P1NP (p < 0.05) were detected in both CQ-treated groups. This reduction exceeded the LSC of P1NP. The incidence of adverse events did not differ among the three groups. CONCLUSION: This is the first clinical report that showed a promising effect on delaying bone loss of orally administration of CQ for 24 weeks, as indicated by a slower bone remodeling process via a reduction in BTMs. However, no change in BMD was observed.


Assuntos
Conservadores da Densidade Óssea , Doenças Ósseas Metabólicas , Cissus , Osteoporose Pós-Menopausa , Osteoporose , Biomarcadores , Densidade Óssea , Conservadores da Densidade Óssea/efeitos adversos , Doenças Ósseas Metabólicas/tratamento farmacológico , Colágeno Tipo I , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Humanos , Osteoporose/tratamento farmacológico , Osteoporose Pós-Menopausa/tratamento farmacológico , Pós-Menopausa
4.
Exp Gerontol ; 159: 111681, 2022 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34973346

RESUMO

Insulin resistance (IR) is a significant complication in menopausal women, which predisposes them to cardiovascular disorder, obesity, and diabetes. Cissus quadrangularis is a polyphenolic plant rich in nutrients and is used as an edible vegetable in Nigeria. Previously, we investigated that C. quadrangularis extract (EECQ) treatment ameliorates IR, hyperlipidemia, and overweight in diabetic rats. Accordingly, in the current study, we further evaluated the adiponectin mimetic activity of EECQ in peri-/post-menopausal rats. Perimenopause was induced by High-fat diet/4-vinylcyclohexenediepoxide/(HFD-VCD), while postmenopause was by HFD/bilateral ovariectomy (HFD-OVX). Both the menopausal rats demonstrated an abnormal level of sex hormones, IR, hyperlipidemia, increased fat mass, and abnormal weight gain. Nevertheless, EECQ treated group revealed protection from these untoward complications. Furthermore, the docking score of major constituents of EECQ on adiponectin receptor 1 (AdipoR1) depicted a strong binding affinity, which was comparable to the ligand adipoRon. Besides, AdipoR1 expression determined by RT-PCR, Western blotting, and immunohistochemistry was downregulated in peri-/post-menopausal rats. Similarly, the expression of AdipoR1 downstream marker APPL1 and insulin sensitivity markers, including IRS1, Akt1, and GLUT4, were also dysregulated in menopausal rats. However, EECQ treated rats manifested restoration of normal expression of APPL1, IRS1, Akt1, and GLUT4 by upregulating AdipoR1. Altogether, the current study promulgated the adiponectin mimetic activity of EECQ, which is substantial to mitigate IR in menopausal conditions.


Assuntos
Cissus , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental , Resistência à Insulina , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/metabolismo , Adiponectina/metabolismo , Animais , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/metabolismo , Resistência à Insulina/fisiologia , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso/metabolismo , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Pós-Menopausa , Ratos , Receptores de Adiponectina/metabolismo
5.
Appl Biochem Biotechnol ; 194(1): 232-245, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34800282

RESUMO

Cissus rotundifolia has been reported to possess various biological activities such as anti-diabetic, anti-fertility, anti-hyperlipidemic, anti-malarial, anti-osteoporotic, and anti-parasitic activities. Therefore in the present study, eleven selected constituents of Cissus rotundifolia which includes aconitic acid, astragalin, acteoside, aliospiroside A, beta amyrin, bergenin, formononetin, gallic acid, isovitexin, isoorientin, and isoquercitrin were studied on the docking behavior of human neutrophil elastase (HNE), matrix metalloproteinases (MMP 2 and MMP 9), and tyrosinase by using PatchDock method. Furthermore, molecular physicochemical, bioactivity score/drug-likeness, ADME (absorption, distribution, metabolism, and excretion), and toxicity analyses were also carried out using Molinspiration, Swiss ADME, and ProTox-II methods, respectively. The molecular physicochemical investigation showed that three ligands such as acteoside, aliospiroside A, and isoorientin have three violations for Lipinski's rule of five. Similarly, ADME analysis one ligand (formononetin) predicated to have high blood-brain barrier (BBB) permeability effect. The docking studies showed that isovitexin exhibited the highest atomic contact energy (-341.61 kcal/mol) for human neutrophil elastase (HNE), more over alliospiroside A has shown maximum atomic contact energy for both matrix metalloproteinases (MMP 2 [-618.00 kcal/mol] and MMP 9 [-634.73 kcal/mol]). Furthermore, isoquercitrin has exhibited the highest atomic contact energy (-145.70 kcal/mol) for tyrosinase. Thus, the present investigation outcome provides new knowledge in understanding eleven Cissus rotundifolia constituents as possible novel inhibitors against HNE, MMP 2, MMP 9, and tyrosinase.


Assuntos
Cissus/química , Inibidores Enzimáticos/química , Elastase de Leucócito , Metaloproteinase 2 da Matriz/química , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/química , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Monofenol Mono-Oxigenase , Humanos , Elastase de Leucócito/antagonistas & inibidores , Elastase de Leucócito/química , Monofenol Mono-Oxigenase/antagonistas & inibidores , Monofenol Mono-Oxigenase/química
6.
Clin Exp Hypertens ; 44(1): 63-71, 2022 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34648416

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Endothelial dysfunction is related to the reduced bioavailability of nitric oxide (NO) and plays a significant role in developing hypertension. The intake of a diet rich in antioxidants decreases the threat of hypertension. Cissus quadrangularis possesses antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and hypocholesterolemic activities. However, to date, no studies have been performed to explore this plant's antihypertensive and vasorelaxant activity. Herein, we investigated the chronic effect of C. quadrangularis on blood pressure as well as vascular function in hypertensive rats. METHODS: Male spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) were randomly divided into two groups. Normotensive Wistar rats were taken as the control group. The treatment was done using ethanolic extract of C. quadrangularis (EECQ) at a dose of 200 mg/kg. RESULTS: The administration of EECQ for six weeks reduced the systolic blood pressure, mean arterial blood pressure, and heart rate. It also alleviated the cardiac and renal hypertrophy indices. Supplementation of EECQ improved the endothelium-dependent aortic vasodilation induced by acetylcholine. It restored the NO level and endothelial NO synthase expression in the aorta. Subsequently, the extract alleviates the oxidative stress and inflammatory markers in SHR rats. CONCLUSION: Thus, in the present study, the chronic treatment of EECQ to genetically hypertensive rats improved endothelium-dependent relaxation in addition to its antihypertensive effect by eNOS activation and inhibition of ROS production, inflammation.


Assuntos
Cissus , Hipertensão , Animais , Cissus/metabolismo , Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo , Hipertensão/tratamento farmacológico , Hipertensão/metabolismo , Masculino , Óxido Nítrico/metabolismo , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo III/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Ratos , Ratos Endogâmicos SHR , Ratos Endogâmicos WKY , Ratos Wistar , Vasodilatação
7.
Molecules ; 26(19)2021 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34641616

RESUMO

Several Cissus species have been used and reported to possess medicinal benefits. However, the anti-inflammatory mechanisms of Cissus subtetragona have not been described. In this study, we examined the potential anti-inflammatory effects of C. subtetragona ethanol extract (Cs-EE) in vitro and in vivo, and investigated its molecular mechanism as well as its flavonoid content. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced macrophage-like RAW264.7 cells and primary macrophages as well as LPS-induced acute lung injury (ALI) and HCl/EtOH-induced acute gastritis mouse models were utilized. Luciferase assays, immunoblotting analyses, overexpression strategies, and cellular thermal shift assay (CETSA) were performed to identify the molecular mechanisms and targets of Cs-EE. Cs-EE concentration-dependently reduced the secretion of NO and PGE2, inhibited the expression of inflammation-related cytokines in LPS-induced RAW264.7 cells, and decreased NF-κB- and AP-1-luciferase activity. Subsequently, we determined that Cs-EE decreased the phosphorylation events of NF-κB and AP-1 pathways. Cs-EE treatment also significantly ameliorated the inflammatory symptoms of HCl/EtOH-induced acute gastritis and LPS-induced ALI mouse models. Overexpression of HA-Src and HA-TAK1 along with CETSA experiments validated that inhibited inflammatory responses are the outcome of attenuation of Src and TAK1 activation. Taken together, these findings suggest that Cs-EE could be utilized as an anti-inflammatory remedy especially targeting against gastritis and acute lung injury by attenuating the activities of Src and TAK1.


Assuntos
Lesão Pulmonar Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Anti-Inflamatórios/administração & dosagem , Cissus/química , Etanol/efeitos adversos , Gastrite/tratamento farmacológico , Ácido Clorídrico/efeitos adversos , Lipopolissacarídeos/efeitos adversos , Macrófagos/citologia , Polifenóis/administração & dosagem , Lesão Pulmonar Aguda/induzido quimicamente , Lesão Pulmonar Aguda/genética , Administração Oral , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/química , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Citocinas/genética , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Gastrite/induzido quimicamente , Gastrite/genética , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Células HEK293 , Humanos , MAP Quinase Quinase Quinases/genética , MAP Quinase Quinase Quinases/metabolismo , Macrófagos/efeitos dos fármacos , Macrófagos/imunologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Extratos Vegetais/química , Polifenóis/química , Células RAW 264.7 , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Resultado do Tratamento , Quinases da Família src/genética
8.
BMC Oral Health ; 21(1): 491, 2021 10 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34607598

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This randomized clinical trial was designed to evaluate osteogenic potential of Cissus quadrangularis in alveolar distraction to facilitate implant installation. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twenty patients with atrophic ridge were treated by alveolar distraction. After completing distractor activation, patients were randomly divided into two equal groups according to administered drug (placebo and Cissus quadrangularis group). After a consolidation period, distractors were removed and implants were inserted. Clinical evaluation was done to assess wound healing, and distractor and implant stability. Histological evaluation was performed at time of implant insertion. Radiographic evaluation was performed to assess bone volume and density after distraction, as well as, density and bone loss around implant. RESULTS: Radiographic and histological results showed that bone formation and maturation of study group were faster than that of control group. There was a significant increased bone density in distracted area and around implant in study group than control group. A significant bone loss at end of consolidation period, and around implant at end of the study was reported in control group than study group. CONCLUSION: Cissus quadrangularis administration during the consolidation period is associated with increased osteogenic potential of distracted bone. The histological and radiographic findings of current study proved that Cissus quadrangularis not only enhances rate of new bone formation, but also bone density to withstand the biomechanical requirements of implant placement in a shorter time. Trial registration This study was retrospectively registered on www.ClinicalTrial.gov : NCT04669795-17\12\2020.


Assuntos
Aumento do Rebordo Alveolar , Cissus , Osteogênese por Distração , Implantação Dentária Endóssea , Humanos , Mandíbula/cirurgia , Osteogênese , Alvéolo Dental
9.
J Biosci ; 462021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34544907

RESUMO

Contemporary demand calls for a high restorative index as an indispensable requirement for bone tissue engineering scaffolds, where therapeutic agents of natural origin function as a modulator for new bone formation become of utmost importance. The study presents a systematic investigation of the edible stem part of Cissus quadrangularis (CQ) as a natural resource of bioactive metabolites capable of invoking early biomineralization and osteogenesis in vitro. Phytochemical screening of CQ stem extracts (sequential solvent extraction: polarity hexane

Assuntos
Biomineralização/efeitos dos fármacos , Cissus/química , Osteogênese/efeitos dos fármacos , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Caules de Planta/química , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Osteossarcoma , Extratos Vegetais/química , Engenharia Tecidual
10.
J Food Biochem ; 45(10): e13918, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34490639

RESUMO

This study aimed to prepare the fortified rice/flour with Cissus quadrangularis (CQ) stem powder to eliminate nutritional deficiency and improve bone health. Mineral analysis by atomic absorption spectroscopy revealed that the CQ stem has adequate quantities of calcium, magnesium, and a moderate amount of phosphorous to meet the Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA). Thus, the rice and flour were fortified with freeze-dried CQ stem powder to improve its nutraceutical contents. The fortification was done using standard vacuum impregnation and blending process. Furthermore, the recuperative activity of prepared fortified rice (CQFR) and flour (CQFF) was tested in chemically induced osteoporosis and osteoarthritis animal models. The efficiency of CQ fortified diet against these complications was confirmed by hematology, radiology, and histopathological analysis. The rat groups fed with CQFF/CQFR diet showed significant improvement from calcium deficiency and its allied physiological damage. Thus, this study confirms that the CQ fortified rice would provide recovery from skeletal complications associated with calcium deficiency through fixing both homeostasis and bio-accessibility of the calcium. PRACTICAL APPLICATIONS: Micronutrient and mineral deficiency is relatively higher in the regions where rice/rice products are consumed as a staple diet. Dietary intake of calcium and some essential minerals have major influences on bone and joint health. Cissus quadrangularis (CQ) is a familiar herb, conventionally used in India to fix broken bones and strengthen the skeletal system. The Atomic absorption spectroscopy data from this study showed that the CQ stem holds a high amount of calcium and other essential minerals to promote skeletal health. Preparation of fortified rice and flour with CQ stem would be a beneficial source of the essential minerals/ bioactive principles to promote and sustain skeletal health in the underprivileged population. These study data substantiated the practical application of producing the CQ fortified nutraceutical staple diet, especially to the people who are afflicted with morbid skeletal complications.


Assuntos
Cissus , Oryza , Osteoporose , Vitis , Animais , Dieta , Farinha , Osteoporose/etiologia , Osteoporose/prevenção & controle , Pós , Ratos
11.
Curr Top Med Chem ; 21(26): 2409-2424, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34503406

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cissus incisa is a Vitaceae with a pantropical distribution. In northern Mexico, its leaves have traditionally been used to treat skin infections, abscesses and tumors. Despite its medicinal uses, few studies have been reported. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to summarize the phytochemical and biological studies carried out so far on the leaves of C. incisa, since this part of the plant is the one frequently used, and awaken scientific interest towards the plant. METHODS: Since C. incisa was an undocumented species, most of the information comes from reports of our research group. Databases, books, and websites were also consulted. The information collected was organized and presented in a synthesized way. Plant name was checked with the database "The Plant List". RESULTS: 171, 260, and 114 metabolites were identified by UHPLC-QFTOF-MS in the hexane, chloroform/ methanol, and aqueous extracts, respectively. Fatty acyls, sphingolipids, sterols, glycerolipids, prenol lipids, and terpenes are common metabolites found in these extracts. 2-(2´-hydroxydecanoyl amino)-1,3,4-hexadecanotriol-8-ene, 2,3-dihydroxypropyl tetracosanoate, ß-sitosterol, ß-sitosterol-D-glucopyranoside, α-amyrin-3-O-ß-D-glucopyranoside were also isolated and characterized. Extracts, phytocompounds and semi-synthetic derivatives showed antimicrobial activity against multi-drug resistant bacteria and various cancer cell lines. Results from Perturbation- Theory-Machine Learning-Information-Fusion model (PTMLIF), molecular docking, and vesicular contents assay identified potential targets on the cell membrane, suggesting an antibacterial mechanism of action for ceramides from C. incisa leaves. CONCLUSION: This review reports the efforts of the scientific community in authenticating species used in traditional medicine. Moreover, it gives a compendium of phytochemistry and the biological activities of the components from C. incisa leaves.


Assuntos
Cissus/química , Fotoquímica , Extratos Vegetais/química , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Folhas de Planta/química , Antibacterianos , Humanos , Medicina Tradicional , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular
12.
Crit Rev Ther Drug Carrier Syst ; 38(5): 27-51, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34375512

RESUMO

This article aims to provide a comprehensive review of Cissus quadrangularis (CQ), which is a traditional medicinal herb and has a potential osteoprotective effect. CQ is a perennial climber of family Vitaceae that is commonly found in the hotter parts of India. It is most widely used in India for improving bone health and is well known as "hadjod." It shows an anti-osteoporotic effect through different pathways mechanisms. It is natural matrices of excellence with proven bioactivity. Several cell line and animal studies demonstrated its protective nature against many diseases such as osteoporosis, arthritis, gastric ulcers etc. This review also highlights the phytochemicals identified to the date and related pharmacological applications. The discussion has also expanded to its oral formulations, which has been proven for its efficacy practically. However, the scientific information of CQ is not in the proper documentation for reference, and so availability of scientific knowledge of this climber is limited. Therefore, this review might be provided a platform to those who will be interested in studying further this herb, either for analyzing phytochemical profiling or its anti-osteoporotic usage. This is a crucial platform as several productive results have been reported on this herb, which likely to be beneficial for new drug discovery in future. Here we also discuss the bone remodeling and related factors influenced by the intake of CQ.


Assuntos
Cissus , Osteoporose , Úlcera Gástrica , Animais , Remodelação Óssea , Osteoporose/tratamento farmacológico , Extratos Vegetais
13.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 279: 114355, 2021 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34181958

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Cissus quadrangularis L. is a perennial herb of the Vitaceae family and is utilized comprehensively as a medicinal herb in most tropical regions by various names. This herb is documented to possess a wide-ranging ethnomedicinal uses in malaria, fever, epilepsy, gout, piles, skin diseases, colic, etc. AIM OF THE REVIEW: A organized summary of the botany, traditional uses, phytochemistry, pharmacology, toxicology, available marketed formulations and filed patents were presented to explore the future therapeutic potential and scientific potential of this herb. MATERIALS AND METHODS: For a review of the literature, various databases were searched, including PubMed, EMBASE, and Scopus etc. From, total 408 records of this herb, we have screened 155 articles consist of desired information and available as full text. Present manuscript is structured from comprehensive information on this herb from screened 155 records. Plant taxonomy was confirmed to the database "The Plant List". RESULTS: Phytochemical assessment as a whole indicated the presence of flavonoids, triterpenoids, alkaloids, saponins, iridoids, stilbenes, vitamins, steroids, and glycosides. A toxicity study revealed that its LD50 value is above 3000 mg/kg in animals indicating its safety. A variety of pharmacological studies of aerial parts of this herb by different extracts have demonstrated analgesic, anti-inflammatory, anticonvulsant, antimicrobial, anticancer, anti-osteoporotic activity and other bone-related disorders to justify its name as Hadjod. Still, the herb has been utilized in clinical practice and several patents were filed in India and US for its antiosteoporotic property. CONCLUSION: The studies on Cissus quadrangularis Linn. are extensive, but gaps still remain. The molecular mechanism, structure-activity relationship, potential synergistic and antagonistic effects of these components needs to be further elucidated. These findings suggest the need for further research on this herb for the management of several other chronic ailments.


Assuntos
Cissus/química , Medicina Tradicional/métodos , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Animais , Etnofarmacologia , Humanos , Compostos Fitoquímicos/química , Compostos Fitoquímicos/isolamento & purificação , Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia , Extratos Vegetais/química
14.
J Pharm Pharmacol ; 73(11): 1442-1450, 2021 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34128987

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Hyperglycemia-induced SIRT1, DNMT1, SODs, as well as oxidative stress, play a pivotal role in the progression of diabetic nephropathy. Cissus quadrangularis, holds antioxidant and hypoglycemic activity; however, a direct link between its activity and prevention of diabetic nephropathy has not been ascertained yet. Accordingly, we aimed to delineate the protective effect of ethanolic extract of Cissus quadrangularis (EECQ) against high-fat diet/streptozotocin (HFD/STZ) induced diabetic nephropathy rats. METHODS: The control group was fed with a normal chow diet. Rats kept on an HFD for 12 weeks with a single low dose of STZ manifested the features of diabetic nephropathy. The treatment was done by the oral administration of EECQ (200 mg/kg) for six weeks (six rats in each group). KEY FINDINGS: Treatment with EECQ demonstrated substantial attenuation of elevated insulin resistance, lipid profile and creatinine level. Additionally, EECQ restored albuminuria, glomerular filtration rate and creatinine clearance in diabetic nephropathy rats. Furthermore, HFD consumption in rats culminated in reduced SIRT1 and enhanced DNMT1 expression, nonetheless, rescued by EECQ. Moreover, EECQ augmented the SOD 1 and 3 levels, thereby safeguarded from oxidative damage and renal inflammation. Besides, treatment protected from renal fibrosis by downregulating TGFß, Smad2/3 and col1/3 expression in diseased rats. CONCLUSIONS: Thus, based on the above findings, we conclude that EECQ shows a protective effect against diabetic nephropathy.


Assuntos
Cissus , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/metabolismo , Nefropatias Diabéticas/metabolismo , Rim/efeitos dos fármacos , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Proteínas Repressoras/metabolismo , Sirtuína 1/metabolismo , Albuminúria , Animais , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Creatinina/sangue , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/tratamento farmacológico , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/patologia , Nefropatias Diabéticas/prevenção & controle , Dieta Hiperlipídica , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular , Hipoglicemiantes/farmacologia , Hipoglicemiantes/uso terapêutico , Inflamação , Resistência à Insulina , Rim/metabolismo , Rim/patologia , Lipídeos/sangue , Masculino , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Fitoterapia , Extratos Vegetais/uso terapêutico , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Proteínas Smad Reguladas por Receptor/metabolismo , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta/metabolismo
15.
J Pharm Biomed Anal ; 199: 114036, 2021 May 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33836464

RESUMO

Stem and leaf of Cissus quadrangularis L. (Vitaceae), indigenous to Asia and Africa, were used for medicinal and dietary purposes with limited information about the plant's phytochemistry. Stem and leaf samples were assessed for the simultaneous determination of polyphenolic compounds (catechin, epicatechin, quercetin-3-O-ß-glucopyranoside, kaempferol-3-O-ß-glucoside, quercetin-3-O-ß-rhamnoside, leachianol F, amurensin A, pallidol, resveratrol, and quadrangularin A), using UHPLC-PDA-MS. The validation data showed that the method is precise, specific, accurate, and linear over the range of 0.5-100 µg/mL. Reversed-phase ultra-high performance liquid chromatography (UHPLC) fingerprints of the crude methanolic stem and leaf extracts of C. quadrangularis were obtained at different wavelengths based on their λmax. Polyphenolics were characterized using both UHPLC-PDA-MS and LC-QToF analysis. From liquid chromatography quadrupole time of flight-electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (LC-QToF) spectra, over 40 components were structurally correlated, and confirmation was based on the fragmentation characteristics and also from the information available in the literature. In addition to the LC-QToF method, a simple, fast HPTLC method was developed as a visual aid for the rapid qualitative analytical tool to help establish the quality assessment of botanical raw materials and dietary supplements claiming to contain Cissus.


Assuntos
Cissus , Polifenóis , África , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Suplementos Nutricionais/análise , Extratos Vegetais , Espectrometria de Massas por Ionização por Electrospray
16.
Molecules ; 26(8)2021 Apr 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33920405

RESUMO

The bioassay-guided fractionation of a CHCl3-MeOH extract from the stems of Cissus trifoliata identified an active fraction against PC3 prostate cancer cells. The treatment for 24 h showed an 80% reduction in cell viability (p ≤ 0.05) by a WST-1 assay at a concentration of 100 µg/mL. The HPLC-QTOF-MS analysis of the fraction showed the presence of coumaric and isoferulic acids, apigenin, kaempferol, chrysoeriol, naringenin, ursolic and betulinic acids, hexadecadienoic and octadecadienoic fatty acids, and the stilbene resveratrol. The exposure of PC3 cells to resveratrol (IC25 = 23 µg/mL) for 24 h induced significant changes in 847 genes (Z-score ≥ ±2). The functional classification tool of the DAVID v6.8 platform indicates that the underlying molecular mechanisms against the proliferation of PC3 cells were associated (p ≤ 0.05) with the process of differentiation and metabolism. These findings provide experimental evidence suggesting the potential of C. trifoliata as a promising natural source of anticancer compounds.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/química , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Cissus/química , Proteínas de Neoplasias/genética , Transcriptoma , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/isolamento & purificação , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Apigenina/química , Apigenina/isolamento & purificação , Apigenina/farmacologia , Bioensaio , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Flavanonas/química , Flavanonas/isolamento & purificação , Flavanonas/farmacologia , Flavonas/química , Flavonas/isolamento & purificação , Flavonas/farmacologia , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Quempferóis/química , Quempferóis/isolamento & purificação , Quempferóis/farmacologia , Masculino , Análise em Microsséries , Proteínas de Neoplasias/classificação , Proteínas de Neoplasias/metabolismo , Células PC-3 , Triterpenos Pentacíclicos/química , Triterpenos Pentacíclicos/isolamento & purificação , Triterpenos Pentacíclicos/farmacologia , Extratos Vegetais/química , Resveratrol/química , Resveratrol/isolamento & purificação , Resveratrol/farmacologia
17.
Bioorg Chem ; 109: 104745, 2021 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33640629

RESUMO

The developing of antibacterial resistance is becoming in crisis. In this sense, natural products play a fundamental role in the discovery of antibacterial agents with diverse mechanisms of action. Phytochemical investigation of Cissus incisa leaves led to isolation and characterization of the ceramides mixture (1): (8E)-2-(tritriacont-9-enoyl amino)-1,3,4-octadecanetriol-8-ene (1-I); (8E)-2-(2',3'-dihydroxyoctacosanoyl amino)-1,3,4-octadecanetriol-8-ene (1-II); (8E)-2-(2'-hydroxyheptacosanoyl amino)-1,3,4-octadecanetriol-8-ene (1-III); and (8E)-2-(-2'-hydroxynonacosanoyl amino)-1,3,4-octadecanetriol-8-ene (1-IV). Until now, this is the first report of the ceramides (1-I), (1-II), and (1-IV). The structures were elucidated using NMR and mass spectrometry analyses. Antibacterial activity of ceramides (1) and acetylated derivates (2) was evaluated against nine multidrug-resistant bacteria by Microdilution method. (1) showed the best results against Gram-negatives, mainly against carbapenems-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii with MIC = 50 µg/mL. Structure-activity analysis and molecular docking revealed interactions between plant ceramides with membrane proteins, and enzymes associated with biological membranes of Gram-negative bacteria, through hydrogen bonding of functional groups. Vesicular contents release assay showed the capacity of (1) to disturb membrane permeability detected by an increase of fluorescence probe over time. The membrane disruption is not caused for ceramides lytic action on cell membranes, according in vitro hemolyticactivity results. Combining SAR analysis, bioinformatics and biophysical techniques, and also experimental tests, it was possible to explain the antibacterial action of these natural ceramides.


Assuntos
Acinetobacter baumannii/efeitos dos fármacos , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Ceramidas/farmacologia , Cissus/química , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Antibacterianos/química , Antibacterianos/isolamento & purificação , Ceramidas/química , Ceramidas/isolamento & purificação , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana/efeitos dos fármacos , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Estrutura Molecular , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
18.
Anticancer Agents Med Chem ; 21(18): 2536-2545, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33568037

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer is the second leading cause of cancer in women, which necessitates safe and potential therapeutic agents. OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to investigate the antiproliferative effect of ethanolic extract of Cissus quadrangularis L. (CQ) against human cervical adenocarcinoma HeLa cell line and in silico analysis of selected active agents against apoptosis executioner enzyme caspase-3. METHODS: Cell viability was analyzed in HeLa cells at different concentrations (25-300 µg/ml) of CQ extract. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation, cellular apoptosis, cell cycle analysis and caspases-3 activation were evaluated. In silico, structure-based virtual screening analysis was carried out using AutoDock Vina and iGEMDOCK. RESULTS: Cell viability of HeLa cells was reduced significantly (p < 0.05) in a dose-dependent manner, however, CQ extract showed non-toxic to normal kidney epithelial NRK-52E cells. CQ extract induced the intracellular ROS level, nuclear condensation and reduced the mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) with the induction of annexin V-FITC positive cells. CQ extract arrested cells in G0/G1 and G2/M checkpoints and activated caspase-3 activity significantly in HeLa cells. The molecular docking study showed a strong binding affinity of CQ phytocomponents against the caspase-3 (PDB ID: 1GFW) protein of human apoptosis. PASS analyses of selected active components using Lipinski's Rule of five showed promising results. Further, drug-likeness and toxicity assessment using OSIRIS Data Warrior V5.2.1 software exhibited the feasibility of phytocomponents as drug candidates with no predicted toxicity. CONCLUSION: This study suggested that active constituents in CQ extract can be considered as potential chemotherapeutic candidates in the management of cervical cancer.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Cissus/química , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/tratamento farmacológico , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/química , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/isolamento & purificação , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Feminino , Células HeLa , Humanos , Estrutura Molecular , Extratos Vegetais/química , Extratos Vegetais/isolamento & purificação , Células Tumorais Cultivadas , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/patologia
19.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 2008, 2021 01 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33479386

RESUMO

Obesity is associated with the growth and expansion of adipocytes which could be decreased via several mechanisms. Cissus Quadrangularis (CQ) extract has been shown to reduce obesity in humans; however, its effect on human white adipocytes (hWA) has not been elucidated. This study aimed to investigate the effects of CQ on obesity, lipolysis, and browning of hWA. CQ treatment in obese humans significantly decreased waist circumference at week 4 and week 8 when compared with the baseline values (p < 0.05 all) and significantly decreased hip circumference at week 8 when compared with the baseline and week 4 values (p < 0.05 all). Serum leptin levels of the CQ-treated group were significantly higher at week 8 compared to baseline levels (p < 0.05). In hWA, glycerol release was reduced in the CQ-treated group when compared with the vehicle-treated group. In the browning experiment, pioglitazone, the PPAR-γ agonist, increased UCP1 mRNA when compared to vehicle (p < 0.01). Interestingly, 10, 100, and 1000 ng/ml CQ extract treatment on hWA significantly enhanced UCP1 expression in a dose-dependent manner when compared to pioglitazone treatment (p < 0.001 all). In conclusion, CQ decreased waist and hip circumferences in obese humans and enhanced UCP1 mRNA in hWA suggestive of its action via browning of hWA.


Assuntos
Cissus/química , Obesidade Abdominal/tratamento farmacológico , Extratos Vegetais/administração & dosagem , Proteína Desacopladora 1/genética , Adipócitos Marrons/efeitos dos fármacos , Adipócitos Brancos/efeitos dos fármacos , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Leptina/genética , Lipólise/efeitos dos fármacos , Masculino , Obesidade Abdominal/patologia , Extratos Vegetais/química , RNA Mensageiro/genética
20.
Nat Prod Res ; 35(22): 4365-4372, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31965854

RESUMO

Two new aromadendrin rhamnosides, cissusfoliate A (1) and 3-epi-cissusfoliate A (2) together with seven known compounds (3-9) were isolated from the roots of Cissus rheifolia Planch. Their structures were determined by extensive spectroscopic methods. The absolute configurations of compounds 1-5 were assigned by combination of the J coupling constant values of H-2 and H-3 and the comparison of their experimental ECD spectra with those reported in literature. Compounds 1, 3 and 5-8 showed antioxidant effects on ORAC, ATBS and DPPH assays as well as antibacterial activity against six pathogenic bacterial strains. Their cytotoxicity against Hela, KB, MCF-7, HepG2 and HT-29 cell lines were also evaluated.


Assuntos
Cissus , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Estrutura Molecular , Raízes de Plantas
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